Robert Charles Roosmale-cocq , ID 5050


See second section for this family of Plantation owners and traders from the Indian region

A newspaper, called the "Observer" is published in Colombo, whose editor for several years has endeavoured to excite a spirit of opposition, amongst the Burgher and Cingalese Community against all the measures of the local government and of jealousy against the European inhabitants.  This newspaper has a large circulation therefore amongst that portion of the community to whom it is particularly addressed, and especially the Burghers, to which class, almost all the proctor and notaries belong.  On the 3rd of July, 1848, a letter was published in the "Observer" in the Cingalese language, purporting to be translated from the English and signed "an Englishman" which was prefaced by certain observations of the editor; we subjoin a literal translation of both.


"We have pleasure in publishing a letter written by an English gentleman, who is kindly disposed to men, without distinction of colour or race, concerning the injustices of the new taxes lately imposed by government.  The Cingalese people should consider that to all persons, subject to the English government, there is a legal right of making known their pleasure, before they expend money in paying taxes.  Therefore, those persons who say, that to Cingalese men there is not understanding enough to establish in Ceylon a council including natives to represent the inhabitants, should consider the present constitution of the Council of France, and its results.  Certainly the Cingalese people are not more unlearned or foolish than the Tamul men of Pondicherry belonging to France.  It is now appointed that a Tamul man of that country should represent the inhabitants in the French Council.  If the men of this country wish to be freed from paying improper taxes and other wrongs, let them request a council where they may be able to discuss their affairs, not nominally but in a right manner.


In order to show the wrongs inflicted on the inhabitants of the country and the justice which they should received, we translate this letter into Cingalese and publish it.


Signed "We the Persons who publish the paper called the "Colombo Observer."


The letter was written by an Englishman who knew Galle well - was he George Winter as mentioned in Dorothea Winter’s letter to Mr Ryland?


To the Gentleman publishing the Colombo Observer.




By residing in an out-station and constantly conversing with the natives by privilege, I have an opportunity of knowing the great displeasure that is stirred up among the inhabitants concerning the new taxes lately imposed upon them and also their thoughts and words on the subject.


Further, if the government dares by forcible means to collect these taxes, I can think that the displeasure amongst the inhabitants will much more increase and from this many serious consequences will follow.


Although there are many reasons on account of which the people should resist the government appointed from time to time, still up to this time they, without manifesting opposition, have been obedient.  However, if they should pay the money required for these taxes, so unjust, and impossible to be borne, lately imposed by government, obediently and to sit quiet without imposing their whole power, the Cingalese people will not only be considered a race of slaves, obedient to everything, just or unjust, done by government, but the world will not regard them as a race of men of good mind, and submitting to justice and not to injustice (i.e. justice only).  No person says that it is not right for government to collect taxes for the protection of the people, but should not this collection of taxes be according to the ability of the rich and the poor inhabitants?


Many persons are displeased on account of the taxes (by this tax we mean a portion of the annual income of the English people paid to the government) collected from the people of England and it is not proper to impose such taxes unless the government be very poor; however, we cannot say that it is altogether unjust, since they are collected according to the circumstances of the rich and the poor.  In England they are not collected from hundreds of thousands (lacs) of workmen and poor.  They collect 7d on each £1 of the yearly income of the rich only, but according to the taxes lately appointed in Ceylon, the poorest men will have to pay the new tax of 3s in the £1.


Is there a greater injustice than this?  All persons know that there are thousands of inhabitants in this Island, who do not possess 3 or 4 cocoa-nut trees, or the 4th or 5th part of a field, and who do not receive into their hands 10s in the year.  However, according to the new taxes, such people are bound to pay 7s or 8s yearly to government.


A gun is a very necessary thing for the protection of their crops.  By some poor people the gun is the only valuable article possessed.  To rear a dog is also necessary; and for these must be paid, together with the 6d paid for writing the certificate; the gun-tax is 3s and for the dog 1s, and again 3s are collected yearly from each person for making roads.  If there be more than one dog, there is another charge.


In this manner, a poor person will have to pay 7s or 8s to government.  This sum is sufficient for the maintenance of one person for 2 months.  If other persons were to pay in this manner, an European who received £300 annually must pay £50 or two months pay, for new taxes; he who receives £600 must pay £100.  An English padre (clergyman) receiving £700 a year must pay £116 and a little more; an agent receiving £1,000 must pay £166 and a little more.  The gentleman Emerson Tennent, Great Secretary, must pay about £500 and the Governor £1,500.


Some may say that 7s or 8s are not sufficient to maintain a single man for 2 months, but I know very well that to the poor people in the Galle and Jaffna districts, this sum is quite sufficient for two months.  Very well, let us say that 7s or 8s are sufficient for the expense of one month, yet according to this, what a great and unbearable sum goes to the government yearly!


What European is there who submits to this payment?  Even when there is a war-rumour, or when the government is heavily poor, no European will submit to such an unjust payment.  But these taxes are imposed, not only at a time when not only is there peace, but when the people should be relieved as much as possible from other heavy taxes paid to government.  What then is the intention of the Governor since he lays such a heavy burthen upon the poor and delivers the rich from it?


The saying that the collection of this tax is imposed by the unanimous vote of the Legislative and Executive Councils of this Island, is not a true saying.  The government is trying to make even those gentlemen of the Legislative Council, not belonging to government, to agree to anything that is done; those gentlemen of that Council who are under government cannot oppose government on account of this.  Though there is a saying that this matter is sanctioned (appointed) by the Council, it is not a true saying.


The government of Ceylon is doing injustice like government of Russia.  I see no difference between those two governments except in name.  It is now understood and acted upon by many countries in the world, that when people pay taxes to a government, they must consider whether it is a tax that can be borne by the people and that they must have the privilege of expressing their opinion to government and also whether the money raised by the tax is vainly spent or whether it is spent to the advantage of the people.  Not long ago millions of the people received this right:  Some Cingalese people who understood things right to be done, expected that they would receive a part of this right but according to circumstances, it now appears that in proportion as other races are delivered from injustice, more and more injustice is coming upon the inhabitants of this country.


Now I say, is it proper that the Cingalese people should submit to such severe injustice?  Will they do so?  It is altogether improper to submit.  I hope they will not act so.  I think the Cingalese people will show they are not a race of slaves, without doing (not doing) such severe things as Europeans lately did in order to be delivered from injustice.  Justice will be done to them if the reasons against injustice are rightly expressed by petitions to the great Legislative Council called the Parliament of England.  I think the Cingalese people will know this and I have no doubt they will believe it.  Petitions should be written and sent to the different districts of the Island and signed by all collectively.  Let all the inhabitants of Ceylon demand of the English government to be delivered from injustice and to have justice done.


Gentlemen, who print newspapers, I request you will publish to the Cingalese under the payment of taxes like a burthen, that the government is doing injustice and that you will inform the people of high office, that injustice, as a devil (or demon of injustice) driven from the place where he formerly was, will not be permitted to come and live in this Island, if you do so, Cingalese people are not an ungrateful race.


I am, An Englishman".

The foregoing was not confined to the circulation of the "Colombo Observer" but they were struck off on slips of paper, which were extensively distributed amongst the people even in the most remote parts of the country, by political agitators; and in Kandy they were known to have been explained and enlarged upon to the natives by dissatisfied or disappointed Europeans, connected with the coffee estates.  We must bear in mind that the publication of the letters took place three days before the disturbances broke out in Kandy and such a document, with its notes and comments, must have been calculated to excite the mind of the people upon whom it had a more injurious effect from their belief that it was penned by an Englishman.


An ordinance had been passed about the same time with those already complained of, which was intended "to provide for the registration and license of certain traders" to resist which an attempt was made by the wealthier shopkeepers, by whom a combination was formed to intimidate their more necessitous brethren to force them to close their shops and to prevent the sale of the necessaries of life.  The fear of this event enabled these wealthy conspirators to effect a rapid sale of all their own stock at exorbitant prices.  Eventually the poorer class of shopkeepers were suffered to continue their trade uninterruptedly, while the conspirators, to whom the payment of one pound per annum could not be an object, contented themselves with presenting a petition to the Governor, praying the suspension of the law, which of course could not acceded to.


At the same time, a large number of copies of a petition purporting to be addressed to the House of Commons, mis-stating and exaggerating facts, calculated to inflame the minds of the people, were secretly circulated among the natives in the vicinity of Colombo, as well as in more remote districts, by agents employed to obtain signatures.  The substance, expressions and misrepresentations, contained in it so very closely corresponded with a letter which subsequently appeared in the "Colombo Observer" bearing the signature of Mr Elliott the editor, that he has been generally considered as the author of the following document and the instigator of its circulation,  The following is also the translation of a document, copies of which were circulated with great activity throughout the villages for many miles around Colombo.


NOTICE - His Excellency the Governor has, for the present, enacted several taxes to be levied from the inhabitants of this islands, viz:-


Upon firearms, dogs, men, boats and boutiques (shops) and in addition to this it is also enacted to levy in a few months more a tax upon trees, land, cattle and all useful quadrupeds.  We, the inhabitants of several villages, have consulted and agreed upon a petition about the matter.


It is there kindly requested, that the inhabitants (both great and small) of all the villages, will assemble at seven o'clock in the morning of Wednesday the 26th instant prepared for the same."


The authors of this movement most cautiously kept themselves out of view.  In the meantime, precautionary measures were taken by the government and amongst the rest, a circular was addressed to the headmen, reminding them that they would be held responsible for the conduct of the people.


On the morning of the 26th, the people poured in large numbers towards the town from the neighbourhood and from distant villages and assembled at a place called Borellae, a spot where several roads met, close to the Welicadde gaol, about a mile from the town.  The mob having collected, marched upon the police, who were drawn across the road to prevent their approach to the town.  Their intention was evidently to force a passage through the civil force, the superintendent was struck down, and several of his men more or less injured.


In the midst of the contest, Mr Elliott arrived, and holding up hands was recognised by the mob, many of whom were intoxicated and his influence became immediately apparent as they were soon tranquillised and listened with great attention and satisfaction to his harangue.  In the midst of this proceeding, the Governor, accompanied by the major general and some troops, arrived but finding the excitement of the people quelled, the Governor and military soon after returned to Colombo.


The ostensible object of this meeting was to petition and before the crowd dispersed, a great number of signatures were obtained on separate sheets of paper which were undertaken to be presented by Mr Elliott, along with a document in Cingalese previously prepared: indeed it has been stated that these signatures were all attached to the petition at the office of the "Observer", previously to the meeting.  This gentleman is reported to have demeaned himself upon the occasion, in such a manner as to induce a belief, that he was accidentally present: but he is stated to have shown that he had such influence over those who guided the mob, that little doubt was entertained of his being the instigator of the movement.


Some of the paragraphs of this petition, which was afterwards presented to the Governor by Mr Elliott, recapitulate much of the substance contained in the letter of the "Englishman" and concludes with the following sentence "But if your Excellency will not mercifully give us a favourable reply, we certainly will not obey any of these new laws."


Lord Torrington stated that had he been aware of the concluding paragraph, he would have declined to receive it and would have held Mr Elliott responsible for the presentation of such a document.  The editor of the "Observer" excuses himself on the grounds that the petition being in Cingalese, he had only an imperfect and general knowledge of its contents and his own name was not appended to it.  This defence must be admitted, by the most prejudiced mind, to be a criminal admission by Mr Elliott that he had omitted a public duty, by neglecting to inform himself fully of the opinions and wishes of those whom he volunteered to support.


The government having been informed that other meetings would be attempted, under the plea of petitioning the Governor, the following notice was issued:


"Information having been received that the inhabitants of the interior and of some of the Korlls1 in the neighbourhood of Colombo, are under the advice and encouragement of evil-disposed persons, assembling in large numbers, under the pretence of presenting petitions to the Governor, notice is hereby given that his Excellency the Governor, although willing at all time to receive and consider petitions from any of the inhabitants, if presented in a proper manner, will not allow large assemblages of the people for this purpose and he will take strong measures to prevent meetings of this nature, which can tend only to cause breaches of the peace.


By His Excellency's command.  Signed W. Morris, Acting Assistant Colonial Secretary, Colonial Secretary's Office, Colombo, July 28th 1848.


1Korlls - korales or districts.


The Government took active measures by posting the police and military in the vicinity of those places where meetings were proposed to bby this means the peace of the Western Province was preserved.


But to return to Kandy.  Reinforcements marched to the proclaimed districts from Colombo, the military pensioners, of whom there are about 300 in this Island, were called out; two divisions of road-pioneers were brought in to assist the troops and escort the baggage, whilst the "Lady Mary Wood" steamer was despatched to Madras and returned with 3 companies of her Majesty's 37th Regiment and a large supply of ammunition.  ["Ceylon and the Cingalese" - Henry C. Sirr, MA, barrister-at-law, Lincolns Inns and late Deputy Queen's Advocate for the Southern Circuit in the Island of Ceylon].


There is a painting of the cinnamon pickers of Kalutara and Mr Cameron's house, another of the Peradeniya Botanical Gardens (one of the first in the British colonies) and of Closenberg Bay, Galle by Marianne North in the Gallery named after her at the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, a glorious burst of jewel-like colour.  She travelled widely all over the world, especially in South America and the Far East,and visited Ceylon in 1876-7, staying at Galle in its heyday, Colombo, Kandy near the Peradeniya Botanical Gardens and Kalutara.


"The Oriental Hotel at Galle is famous all over the world.  Mrs Barker, the landlady, made me most comfortable sending all my meals into my room and I fixed on a "garry"1 driver liked and had him every morning to drive me out.  I do not think I knew what cocoa-nuts were till I saw those at Ceylon; there they are the weed of weeds and grown on the actual sea-sand.  After 8 days of slow stewing, I started in an open carriage (the coach) for Colombo.  The road was most interesting all the way, near the beautiful shore or through swamps full of pandanus2 and other strange plants, with perpetual villages.  I much missed the neat mat and bamboo houses of Java.  In Ceylon they were mud-hovels and everything was less neat, the people lazier, but the little bullock carts were very pretty.


1gharry, gharri - an Indian wheeled vehicle for hire.

2pandanus - the screwpine


Colombo is most unattractive but cooler than Galle.  I was anxious to get up to Kandy so the Governor gave me some more letters and sent me off in his own "garry" to the station, ordering a carriage to be reserved for me.  It was dark and raining when we reached Kandy and I scrambled into one of the clumsy covered Irish carts of the country, beside a native in a red turban.  He turned me out at the hotel.  The Governor had told me Mr Thwaites was going to Colombo to stay with him the next day, so I ordered a carriage a six and drove over to the Botanic Gardens to catch him before he went.


As I was taking leave, I pulled a letter from my pocket and asked if he knew Mr L. to whom it was written and if it was worth my while to give it.  He said Oh yes, he was his best and nearest neighbour.  So I turned down a pretty lane and in five minutes found myself in the garden of Judge L., where his worship was at hard at work, digging in his shirt-sleeves, far too grimy to shake hands, but intensely hospitable.  He made me promise at once to move my things and take up my quarters in his spare rooms, in the most perfect peace and quiet, close to the gardens and their good old director, and 3 miles from the gossip and "Kleinstadterei" of Kandy.  Before he left for India, leaving me charge, he had friend to dinner most days, but it required a good deal of diplomacy out there to arrange pleasant parties, as many of the nearest neighbours were not on speaking terms with one another.  So I saw as little as I could help of all these charming people and kept quietly at Peradeniya, working either in my own garden or at the Botanical closeby.


After this my old friend and I went down with the Governor in his special express to Colombo where I again had the Prince of Wales's great empty room and after a few days in that dreary grandeur, I said good-bye to my kind friends and went to stay with Mrs Cameron at Kalutara.  I had long known her glorious photographs but had never met her.  She had sent me many warm invitations to come when she heard I was in Ceylon.  Her husband had filled a high office under Macaulay in India but since then for 20 hears he had never moved from his room.  At last she made up her mind to go and live near her sons in Ceylon and her husband was soon active again.  Their house stood on a small hill, jutting out into the great river which ran into the sea a quarter of a mile below the house.


I left Kalutara in the midnight of the 21st of January 1877, the whole family going down the hill to the Judge's house with me to wait till the coach came.  After a day's rest at Galle I went on board the "Schindh" a splendid French steamer on the 24th".  [Chapter VII, "Ceylon & Home 1876-77 - A Vision of Eden" - Marianne North].


In 1835 George Winter sailed in the "Africa" (the Master of which was J. Skelton), in the company of Mr & Mrs Walker and their two children. R. Jeffrey Esq., and Mr Adamson to Galle.  He lived there for 14 years and is called a merchant of Point de Galle on the baptismal certificate of his son Alfred Octavius.  The house he lived does not seem exist any longer.  When his grandson, Rev. Charles Henry Winter visited Ceylon in the 1950s he could not find it but wrote a description of it in his memoirs "After the Lapse of 70 years".


In 1849 George Winter bought from an indigo merchant Mr Henley, a plantation on the Gindura river at Baddegama about 12 miles from Point de Galle which was then the main port of call on the route to the Far East where young East India Company marines arrived on every Company sailing ship.


A novel "Village in the Jungle" about a village called Baddegama (although placed by the author in the Eastern province), the heroine of which was called Hinnihamy, was written by Leonard Sidney Wolff, B. A. Cantab. who came to Ceylon on 19.11.1864 and left in 1912.  He was Governor of the Southern Province of Ceylon and husband of Virginia Wolff.


George Winter was a pioneer sugar planter in Ceylon.


"The sugar cane has been introduced into the island and plantations of it are found in the neighbourhood of Caltura [Kalutara].  Some rum is made from it and the natives are fond of chewing the pulp.


There is also a large plantation of sugar cane here [Caltura] and a distillery of rum carried on by some Dutchmen who reside in the village and neighbourhood.  It is, however, very much inferior in quality to the West India rum".  ["An account of the island of Ceylon - 1803" - Robert Percival].


7.4.1830: "At 26 miles from Colombo near the village of Veengodda (Veyangoda) there was a sugar plantation belonging to Sir Edward Barnes where he had a bungalow.  The cane plantation here is raised for the sake of an experiment as the natives in this part of the island only cultivate rice and a few other kind of grain". ["Travels in Madras, Ceylon, Mauritius etc" p. 250- James Holman, RN, FRS, 2nd Edition 1840 - George Routledge].


"The Dutch introduced sugar into this island and Sir Edward Barnes experimented in its cultivation near Veyangoda and in 1840 it was seriously worked by the late Mr George Winter, who may be considered the pioneer of sugar in Ceylon.  According to Bertolucci, the cultivation of sugar cane was attempted twice upon an extensive scale, on the same spot near Kalutara but on both occasions it proved unremunerative.  Sir Edward Barnes's experiment came later and was followed by Mr Winter and other planters." [p. 372 "The Vegetable Products of Ceylon" - F. Lewis].


"Baddegama is 12 miles from Galle on the Gintota river.  It is 7 miles from Hikkaduwa railway station to Halpatota Ferry which is three quarters of a mile from the Baddegama resthouse.  It was at Baddegama that George Winter established the only sugar estate in Ceylon that has lasted.  The church at Baddegama was consecrated by Bishop Heber on September 25th, 1825, which event is commemorated by a tablet in the church."  ["Tombstones and Monuments in Ceylon" - J. Penrhyn Lewis].


George imported machinery and erected a factory at "Sunny Side" on the banks of the Gindura river where brown sugar was manufactured and after he and his son Edward Winter died, his cousin Haverstock Hodsell Bowman took charge buying more modern machinery building a second factory on Baddegama Estate where refined sugar was produced.  The price of sugar dropped from Rs 2 in 1881 to in half that price in 1910.  Sugar no longer being profitable the land was planted with tea and rubber.


George Winter may have been involved in providing rare plants or wood for export to Britain.


Baddegama, New Galle, 23.10.1850.


T. Lewis Esq., Rangoon.


Dear Sir,


I am in receipt of your letter of 12th August received by the steamer from Colombo.  I perfectly remember and well recollect my friend Captain Lewis speaking about the coir rope1 and requesting me as a person conversant in the article that I would see a good description made should you sent an order for some, as I understand him, it was for particular purpose.


It is some time since I exported ---- manufacture, having confined myself of late to my sugar estate here but residing near Galle.  I am ready at anytime to carry on business when offering and as my children are growing up, it is not improbable I may again locate myself there and conduct my mercantile pursuits as before.


I am sorry to say teak timber is not a very saleable article at present --- have been carried on to an extent not warranted by the trade of the place and then it realised about £8 per ton when the fact was ascertained all the remaining stocks sold at a much lower price.


Oils sent:  Remarks:


Lemon grass2 called nardus (by some) or spikenard3.  I have not found any of the grass from which this is made, growing wild on this island but on the coast of India it is in some places very abundant, price here wholesale 6 per oz.


---- the description of grass from which this is made I found in the Matara Corle (Korale) of this district and first drew oil from it in 1839, since which the manufacture has so much increased that the sale of it exceeds in London £3,000 per annum ----.  It is said ----.


Attar of Roses4 (-----) by it is. per oz.


---- (-----)------Hindoo or Sanskrit.


This is not a fine sample, it having been made 18 years and has consequently become thick and colour changed by light and air - attached to this production an enquiry is now in progress arising from late discoveries whereby the (----) this flower it (----) more closely, it is said, identified Egyptian mythology with the Hindoo - price normal, the article not having been sent into market.


1coir rope - made from the fibres of the coconut.


2lemon grass - a fragrant perennial East Indian grass ("andropogon schoenarthus" & "cymbopogon") smelling like lemon and yielding an essential oil, used in perfumery.  Citronella ("cymbopogon nardus") also extracted from Winter's Bark brought back from the Magellaa Straits by Capt. John Winter of Dyrham, Glos.


3spikenard ("nardostachys"), an aromatic oil or balsam from an Indian valerianaceous plant.

4attar of roses - fragrant essential oils made from roses


Another letter was written probably to his daughter Sarah Anne who married Joseph Deslandes at St. Brelades, Jersey.


11th June, 1849


The "29th of May" left Colombo I perceive today following the "Restoration" and herewith I enclose the Bill of Lading of almyrah1 which I hope will be admired by you as the kind of wood hitherto was unknown here until found by me and I have succeeded in obtaining only two or three old trees.


It is much sought after here and I lately disposed of some planks as high as 2 shillings per running foot, 2 inch thick.  I think you will need a joiner to close the panels as we had some hot winds which dried the wood very much after it was made and when polished I hope you will have a pretty piece of furniture, the wood of which will hardly find its fellow for beauty in your island.


Mama and the children have put in the drawers a few things to be disposed of as follows:


The footstool for Jo's mother if worth her acceptance which we can fancy her using it when knitting.


The desk is for Caroline.  We have no good desk locks or fittings here so it is at present unfinished.


One box of same wood, as almyrah for Annie to do as she pleases with - the contents also a few Chinese things - but the matting needle cases have a label on them - one for Carry, the other for Nancy.


6 small ebony frames for Carry, 6 large ditto for Annie, the little china umbrellas are labelled, the keys are in the upper large drawer and the piece of similar wood will serve for any purpose.


I am, not aware whether Joe's father and mother would like easy chairs (large) - if so, I will send them a pair of ebony ones and I should like to know if they would prefer them in plain or curved (carved?).


We received Carry's letter by last overland mail, written when with you at Easter and Mama will answer it (which) I expect to enclose with this - she mentions Mr Poingdestre going to Pernambuco (Brazil) - poor fellow, he sunk money I understand for the estate on his arrival here and I think he was to blame in not keeping up a correspondence as I might have advised him to his advantage but many persons coming out think they know more than the old settlers and many do not like my jogtrot way and thought I should be more speculative and enterprising - how fortunate I did neither but took my own view of things and neither entered wildly into the coffee or involved any of my friends either by laying before them the immense prospects of getting money from them when it was in excess - I might have taken advantage and got a higher price for this compared with its now relative value when instead of working uphill and containing outlay for land so to complete my plantation (and which must be done to give it real value).


I might have laid my oars and done many things which I have from necessity been obliged to defer such as remitting to you and sending for Carry - but let us look at it as being all ordered for the best, I might have lent money on worse security than I now hold of my own and not have left the provision I now hope do for the family as things are improving as regards my present occupation - I am happy to say I have good orders for essential oils., which however, I expect to may materially decline seeing so many following my path - I shall benefit only by being in advance of them all.


I shall make hay while the sun shines and ad interim extend my cane plantation so as to come into play when the non-paying plantation must close, so that I shall have the principal of the home consumption and thereby obtain a paying price.


Walter is where James is, at Pillagoda and a most beautiful place it will be made, I expect and profitable to boot - I must strive not to enter into further expense in works and get some money in hand either to send him home in search of a good wife or get Carry out and kill two birds with one stone.


I hope you will see Capt. Godel when he arrives, I think he is an observing man and can give you some little account of this - or if you can learn what the jack2 (jak) plant is worth he took home I shall be glad, as plenty is to be obtained here - his cost about 3 cents a running foot.  Walter purchased it for him - I believe he will get his ship in the Ceylon trade.


I hope the "Jane" has arrived in safety - she would do well in the Ceylon trade, to bring out coals from the P & O Company to Galle and I would always obtain the best rate of freight in Colombo as (I) am so well acquainted with all the houses there.  All fuel to obtain best freight should arrive in January or February, better before than later.


A letter came lately from poor William to James and both Sarah and myself have written to him.  He is at present near Bombay.


With our united love to you and yours


Your affectionate father


George Winter.


1Almirah from Portuguese "armario", wardrobe, cupboard or cabinet.

2Jack (jak) "artocarpus", an East Indian tree of the breadfruit family.

John Matthew Poingdestre of Jersey (d. Kadugganawa) resided at Belingala Estate above Kadugganawa.  He was the 3rd son of William Wilson Poingdestre who married on 6.8.1859 at Galle, Selina Jane Helen, 2nd daughter of Commander John Appleby Pritchard, Master Attendant, Colombo.  John Poingdestre had a son Edward who died on 27.6.1845 aged 17.


James may be George's half-brother or his son Edward James.  Walter was George Walter Winter (George's son).


William was either George's brother William Cornelius Winter or Willie Underwood, George's son-in-law.


Carry (Susannah Caroline) was George's daughter who married Robert Carl Roosmale Cocq.


Joe and Nancy (diminutive of Anne) were probably Joseph Deslandes and Sarah Anne Winter, his wife, respectively George's son-in-law and daughter - they had no children.  George Deslandes owned the first permanent ship building yard in Jersey in 1821.


The Deslandes family and a William Bowman are mentioned in the Duc de Bouillon's Papers in the Public Records Office in Kew and Aldwych in connection with French émigrés during the 1789 French Revolution.


In 1789 Philip d'Auvergne of Jersey was adopted by the Duc de Bouillon (surnamed de la Tour d'Auvergne) who only had a handicapped son.


Godfroy Frederic Maurice, Duc de Bouillon (d. 1721) > Emmauel Theodose, Duc de Bouillon (d. 1730) > Charles Godefroy, Duc de Bouillon (d. 1771) = Marie Charlotte Sobieska, sister of Clementina, wife of James Stuart "The Old Pretender" > Godefroy Charles Henry, Duc de Bouillon (d. 1792) > Jacques Leopold, Duc de Bouillon (d. 1802) whose father adopted Philippe d'Auvergne of Jersey.


Philippe helped the French émigrés to escape from France during the Revolution.  The information at the Public Records Office refers to the following letters to the Duc de Boullion:


A letter regarding William Bowman, a seaman involved with Auvergne dated 26.4.1795 [PC/1/115-488].


A letter dated 4.9.1780 from John Plumer Ardsoif [PC/1/488-489], commander of HMS "Loyalist" refers to Lieutenant Bowman being off Charlestown, USA.


A letter from Captain Andrew Barkley of HMS "Blonde" to Lieutenant Bowman at Charlestown Harbour dated 8.12.1780 [PC/1/115-490].


A certificate by the Navy Office dated 16.1.1794 regarding the services of William Bowman [PC/1/115-491].


A letter dated on 11.12.1794 refers to William Bowman, 2nd master and pilot of the "Scorpion" at Grouville Bay, Jersey [PC/1/117A-320].


A letter from Deslands to John Aldjo dated [PC/1/120A/93].


An undated letter from Deslands to John Aldjo found in the galliott "Vrouw Jacoba" [PC/1/120B-40].


A letter 26.3.1800 regarding Captain White at Guernsey [PC/1/120B-237]


There are several letters from émigrés resident at 20, 23 & 24 Tottenham Place and 50 & 58 New Bond Street (connected with the Bowmans).







James Murray was created earl of Dunbar in 1723 and negotiated the marriage of James III "The Old Pretender" to Clementina Sobieska.  He was governor to Prince Charles Edward Stuart "Bonnie Prince Charlie" and retired to Avignon.


Col. Hay took part in the 1715 Jacobite rebellion and fought in the battles of Perth and Sheriffmuir.  He escaped from the Orkneys to France and went to Avignon in 1718.  He was with James Stuart in Spain.  He attended the marriage of James to Clementina Sobieska and became his secretary of State in 1724.  In 1758 James, lord Boyd became 15th earl of Errol and changed his surname to Hay.


There was also a Mr Hay of Restalrig who was with Bonnie Prince Charlie in 1745 and was his Secretary until 1767.


It is interesting to speculate how many Jacobites returned to England during the French Revolution.


George Winter died at Galle and an inscription on tablet erected in the Dutch Reformed Church, Galle reads: "Sacred to the memory of George Winter Esq., of Baddegama, who departed this life 21st January 1853 aged 55 years."  Four of his sons also died in Ceylon, three being buried at Christchurch, Baddegama, one William Sextus, within the church itself and the other at Galle.


George and Sarah had 12 children.


1. Sarah Anne, ( ID 5054 ) eldest daughter, was born on 28.9.1822 and baptised at All Hallows, Tottenham on 23.10.1822.  She married Joseph Deslandes junior, the Norwegian and Swedish Consul for the island and a banker at St. Brelades, Jersey on 15.3.1844, the Rev. F. Falle conducting the service.  She died on 8.6.1855 at "Beau Voir", their home in the parish of St. Saviour's, overlooking St. Helier and was buried on 11th June by Rev. Charles Marett.  Joseph Deslandes died on 28.12.1886 and was buried beside his wife, the funeral taking place on 4.3.1886.  They had no children.



2. Susannah Caroline ( ID 5052 ) , the second daughter was born at sea off the Western Isles on 17.5.1824 and baptised at All Hallows, Tottenham on 20.10.1824.  The islands may be the Hebrides, the Admiralty Group NNE off New Guinea or most probably the Azores or Western Isles or the Western or Kerkennah Isles off North Africa.


Madeira and the Azores were the centre of the citrus fruit trade.  Joseph Conrad wrote:


"From the main truck of the average tall ship the horizon describes a circle of many miles in which you can see another ship right down to her waterline and these very eyes have counted in their time over a hundred sail becalmed as if within a magic ring not very far from the Azores, ships more or less tall.  There were hardly two of them heading exactly the same way, as if each had meditated breaking out of the enchanted circle at a different point of the compass.  But the spell of the calm is strong magic.  The following day still saw them scattered within sight of each other and heading different ways but when at last the breeze came with the darkling ripple that ran very blue on a pale sea, they all went in the same direction together.  For this was the homeward-bound fleet from the far off ends of the earth and a famous fruit schooner, the smallest of them all, was heading the flight.  One could have imagined her very fair, if not divinely tall, leaving a scent of lemons and oranges in her wake."


On Susannah Caroline's baptismal certificate her father is described as a merchant of Newington Butts.


George Winter's elder daughters were sent to France for their education where Madame Brosler and the Countess du Nancy taught them "the manners befitting the descendants of émigrés" and they were sent to Stuttgart for a musical education.  "Carry" as she was called, was a most beautiful woman, of fine figure and as straight as dart.  She also had good business acumen.  She was good as she was beautiful and there was not one of her nephews and nieces that she die not welcome under her roof, helping them in their education or giving them a start in life.  She returned to Ceylon during her father's lifetime and after his death, managed the estate with her brother Edward James.


On 26.9.1856 she married at Baddegama, Robert Charles Rosmalecocq ( 5020 )  (originally Rosmale Cocq or Rosma le Coq) who not only had business relations in Ceylon but also estates in Tuticorin, South India in company with his brother Charles Henry Rosmalecocq.  After the wedding they went to India for some years then retired to England.  Her marriage is given in No. 401 J. &. M. Lewis.  Robert became a director of the London and Provincial Bank at its inception and when there was a "run" on it, he immediately placed his fortune at its disposal and saved it, something the bank did not forget for many years.


During a visit to Torquay, they bought "Glan-y-Mor" ("By the Sea" in Welsh) overlooking Torbay.  It was magnificently furnished, not only with some wonderfully carved furniture given them by the Portuguese of Ceylon but also items purchased during their travels in Europe including paintings.


Carry only used "Glan-y-Mor" during winter.  She had two houses South Kensington - "Windsor Lodge" in Gilston Road and "The Boltons".  After several years of widowhood, she married Edward Cossly Daly of Fortfield Park, near Dublin.  After a few years he died and she returned to England.  About 1888 she married Major General Thornhill Bushby whose family may also have come from East London as there are several Thornhills and Bushbys recorded in churches there.  He was former Puisne Justice of Brea, South India who died in 1889 of gangrene poisoning.  She sold "The Boltons" retired to "Barton Lodge" in Staffordshire.  She travelled on the continent and died on 12.3.1907 at "Glan-y-Mor", Torquay and was buried in the Cocq family vault, her nephew the Rev. Charles H. Winter officiating.   She left no children.  Mr Roosmale Cocq ( ID 5050 ) died on 25.12.1866 and was buried in the family vault in Torquay cemetery.


In later years Mr Roosmale Cocq's daughter (only child by his first wife) who married Major Harvey as well as their eldest daughter were also buried there.  Rev. Charles Winter married Major Harvey's daughter Caroline.

Carry wrote the following letter to her nephew Ally.


23, The Boltons, South Kensington


Dear Alfred,


I have written my banker to send you £10 for the education of the boys.  I was sorry to hear Daly has been suffering but glad to hear he was so much better.


I personally have no objection to you and Eddie leasing Pillagoda but by last mail,. Aunt Harriett wrote me she thought it would hinder the sale of the estate, you know she holds my power of attorney to act as she thinks best as regards the estate, it would never do for you young three to begin on borrowed capital.


If your father had taken my advice 20 years ago when I sent him out full particulars about cocoa, you would now hold a very different position.  What became of the Bope estate?  I should think that it should be good for cocoa or any other fruit trees - but it is so long since I have seen it that I may be wrong.  I shall be most anxious to hear you have got something or are doing something.  I know full well how difficult it is for young men without a profession to get even a line1 and I pity them.


Poor Charlie is most industrious and his letters lately are more cheerful but somehow he cannot make way when he works for himself.


I seldom hear from George.  Your testimonials are very good.  I think it was a pity you threw the 50 Rs per mensem away till you had secured something else.  I suppose Willie could not help you in any way as a superintendent.  Thank you for the news of Ceylon, also Cissy for the photos of Baddegama.  I shall be sending her a little parcel next week.


Much love to you all,


Your affectionate Aunt.


S. Caroline Bushby.


PS - Daisy has been spending the last 10 days with me.  She went back yesterday.  She is looking fairly well and enjoyed her change very much.


1line - a coolie line or terraced apartments for labourers.


Cissie or Sissie was her niece Evelyn Gertrude Winter who married her cousin Edward Deslandes Bowman.  Sissie's brothers George and Charles Winter went in Florida and Canada respectively whilst William Daly Winter remained in Ceylon.  Daisy was a Bowman and Edward's half-sister who lived in the Channel Islands and died there during the German occupation.


3. George Walter Winter, third child and eldest son of George & Sarah Winter was born at Port St. Louis, Mauritius on 24.10.1825 (Baddegama Register. 203 No. 739) and baptised by the Hon. E. Finch.  He was married at Baddegama on 29..11.1854 by Dr Garstin to Isobel Leighton.  He died at Baddegama on 1.4.1875 and was buried in Christchurch Cemetery, Baddegama.


(John, son of Robert & Elizabeth Garstin bapt. 1766, St George's, Hanover Square).


George Walter was a writer in the Civil Service, gazetted on 13.3.1845.  There are many stories of his youth no doubt greatly exaggerated as for instance that he jumped on the back of crocodile and tried to gouge out its eyes.  Another that he followed a rogue elephant many days into the jungle until he shot it, when almost immediately he was surrounded by Veddahs (aborigines) who acclaimed him as a great benefactor for supplying them with a huge mass of fresh meat and invited him to stay several days with them, offering him as many wives as he pleased.  On another occasion, he is said to have been sawing some timber on a machine, someone from behind spoke to him, he turned round and the saw cut off two or three of his fingers.  He stopped the machine, wrapped his hand with his handkerchief, picked up the severed fingers, took them to Galle and had them put in a bottle of spirits.  Ever after he was known as the gentleman with short fingers.


He found a wife in Ceylon.  For many years Harriet Isobel in Jersey but eventually came to England living at Burton Crescent, Middlesex.  She died at the Stalls, Worcester on 29.9.1895 and was buried the cemetery at West Norwood with other members of her family.  George Walter and Isobel had four children.


(i) Walter Henry Trinnell Winter born in 1855 and died on 24.12.1931.  He was educated at Clifton College and at the age of 16 he entered St. Bartholomew's Hospital with a letter of introduction to Sir James Paget.  He became a MRCS and LRCP and assistant to the Hospital at Wolverhampton.  He settled down to a practice at 9, Compton Road, Wolverhampton and eventually became a most eminent surgeon and physician


He married Kate Tudor and lived at "The House that Jack Built".


"The original house was probably 18th century with extensions somewhat like a castle added either side.  It had a huge library with windows from floor to ceiling, some of which were bricked up to avoid the window tax.  The house was said to have a ghost.  The gardens to the rear were impressive.


Apart from being a GP Dr Winter was the Medical Officer of Health for Tattenhall, Wolverhampton from about 1900 to about 1931.  He had two (see above) children, a boy and a girl Dorothea who drove her father around in a pony and trap.


Dorothea gave health and beauty classes, both in the library and the garden about 1948 to 1955.  My typing lady attended the classes.  The house has now been demolished."  [Glen. A. Harrison, "Roots in England", Woodlands, High Arcal Road, Himley, West Midlands DY3 4DB].


He actually had three children: Adrian born 1888 who went to New Zealand in 1914 and was killed by direct shell fire when serving as a machine gunner on Lone Tree Hill, Dardanelles on 29.4.1915.  A brass memorial at Christchurch, Baddegama reads "In memoriam Adrian Winter, New Zealand Expeditionary Forces, son of Dr. W. H. T. Winter and great grandson of the late George Winter of Baddegama".  His name is on a list published published in the Dominion-Sunday Times from information supplied by the Ministry of Defence and the War Graves Office of the Department of Internal Affairs, 22 April 1990].


New Zealand servicemen who died at Gallipoli 1915 [ANZAC Day, April 22nd commemorates the landing at Gallipoli].


Lance Corporal, A. Winter

Sergeant Major W. H. Winter

Trooper            R. C. Wynter


Dr W. H. T. Winter's second son Geoffrey became a doctor but died young.  He married Cornelia Cross and they had a son Peter John Winter.  The third child was a daughter Dorothea, writer of the letter to Mr Ryland.


(ii) Mary de Sevigné Winter was born in 1861 and died in 1900 at 514, Barking Road, Essex on the August.  She married Arthur Perry but had no children.  She left her estate to Eliza Bathurst of 31. Palace Gardens Terrace, Kensington who gifted it to Mary's sister.


(iii) Alice Beatrice Deslandes Winter born in 1866 and died on 27.10.1931, being buried in the vault at Tattenhall, Wolverhampton.  She was a spinster and lived with her brother Dr. W. H. T. Winter.


(iv) Harriett Ethel Rochfort Winter was born in 1867 and died in 1952.  She was buried at West Norwood by the side of her husband Talbot Charles Vincent Shortland of Bank House, Newport, Isle of Wight.  Ethel and Talbot Shortland had three daughters and a son:

(a) Ruth Isabel Shortland born in 1899.

(b) Molly Ethel Shortland born in 1901 who married Aleric Brooke, great-nephew of the

     first rajah of Sarawak.  They had two daughters Jill Violet Brooke born in 1924 and

     Diana Mary Brooke born in 1926 who married H.R. Hooper in 1947.

(c) Bette Shortland born 1908.

(d) Violet Vincent Talbot Shortland born 1909 who married Betty Cordelia Bond in 1937

     and had a daughter Penelope Shortland.


e-mail 10.3.2004 re: Winter family 1158 from Penny Hughes


“I was fascinated whilst browsing on my computer to find the above-noted family tree, especially as I found myself on page 5 - Penelope Shortlsnd, daughter of Vincent Talbot Shortland and Beetty Cordelia Bond.  I thought you may be interested in some update from my part of the family.  I was married to Thomas Nicholas Hughes in 1969 and emigrated to Canada in 1972.  Thomas Matthew Hughes was born in July of 1972 and Melinda Hughes was born in 1974.  I was divorced inm 1985 and have lived with Tor Vesterlund, originally from Sweden, since then to the present time.  My son Thomas Matthew (Matt) was married to Isabelle Pelletier of Lachute, Quebec in October of 2003.  My father Vincent Talbot died in February of 1985 and my mother Betty Cordelia died in May of 2003.  Obviously7 my aunts Ruth, Molly and Betty are dead.  Ruth and Betty never married and Molly married Aleric Brooke and lived for many years in Brazil.  My cousins also mentioned on that page were Diana Mary (who is now dead), had 3 children, George, Sandy and John.  I believe they now all have children.  I have their addresses but do not keep in touch except 2 years ago when my mother died they contacted me.  Jill Violent is still living and has 1 daughter, Serita.  I would be very interested if you know whereabout of any of the fmaily who live in Canada.  I am living just north of Toronto, Ontario in a town called Markham.  I look forward to heraring from you when you have the time.  I know we are all permanently on the go these days.  Penny”


4. Amelia, 4th child of George & Sarah Winter was born in Colombo on 10.3.1829 and baptised by the Rev. J. Bailey at St. Paul's, Colombo on 13.4.1829.  She was married at St. Saviours, Jersey to Carl Hopfengartner on 30.87.1859 by Rev. Dr Garstin.  Carl Georg Friedrich Hopfengartner of 56,111 Hohenheimerstrasse who died on 20.8.1895 was a "landgerichtsrat" (judge) who was publicly praised by King Friedrich for his excellent work.  He was councillor of the provincial court of Stuttgart in the Kingdom of Würtemburg.  He had a son Herman who lived at Lindfield, Nuwara Eliya who qualified as a doctor of medicine and allegedly died of "over-study".  His sister Annie was a clever painter who went to Ceylon to work in the Blind School with the American Missionary Society.  She died on the voyage back to England.


5. Edward James the fifth child of George & Sarah Winter was born at Kalutara on 8.11.1830, was baptised at Cotta by the Rev. J. Selkirk on 2.1.1831 and died in Galle on 12.6.1862 aged 31 years and was believed to have been poisoned by a jealous butler putting diamond dust in his drink!  This is not as unlikely as it may first seem as it is quite easy to get jewel dust from any of the goldsmiths who work on pavements in eastern cities and it is quite often used in paint .  He was buried in the old Church of England cemetery, Galle.


6. William Sextus the sixth child of George & Sarah Winter was born in Colombo on 1.8.1832, was baptised on 2.8.1832 by the Rev. J. Wenham, died of diphtheria at Baddegama on 12.8.1844 and was buried in the north verandah of Christchurch, Baddegama where there is a stone tablet over his grave with the inscription "Sacred to the memory of William Sextus, 6th child of George & Sarah Winter.  Died 11th August 1844".


7. Lydia Septima, seventh child of George & Sarah Winter was born in Colombo on 1.8.1834, baptised by the Rev. H. Wenham and married by Dr. Garstin.  Her husband Haverstock Hodsell Bowman married as his second wife, Adelaide Bourdon Hayley born 10.4.1838 daughter of Thomas Harrop Hayley of Castleford, Yorkshire by his first wife Juliana Robinson.  Thomas Harrop Hayley was son of William Hayley and Catherine Harrop.


The Hayleys owned a ship, the "Percy Douglas" registered in Liverpool on 8.8.1861 No. 44135, 781 tons 172 ft. 3 long, beam 32 ft 3 19.8 deep which sank off Rangoon on  They had a company Charles P. Hayley in Ceylon.


Entries in a Ceylon Directory read:


Hayley, Alec Charles b. 1875, educated Elizabeth College, Guernsey, partner Charles P. Hayley, Galle and Hayley & Kenny, Colombo, member Municipal Council, Galle, lawn tennis player.


Hayley, Frederick Austin, M.A., BCL, Oxon., ex. MLC, b. 24.12.1881, educated Elizabeth College, Guernsey and Exeter College, Oxford, president European Association, Ceylon, lecturer Law College, author of "Laws and Customs of the Sinhalese."


Hayley, Steurt Pickering b. April 1883, educated Bedford Grammar School, partner Charles P. Hayley and Hayley & Kenny.  Vice Chairman Ceylon Chamber of Commerce 1919/20, Captain CGA, Consul for Sweden, tennis player.


8. Alfred Octavius, the eighth child was born at Galle.  He died at Baddegama on 12.10.1883 and his widow Maria Eveline (nee White) married Harry Street.  She was born on 18..11.1845 at "Temple Trees" (now the official residence of the Prime Ministers of Ceylon) which was owned by John Walbeoff, a relative of her mother.


Fig.159 – Schneider, Leembruggen & Roosmalecocq (originally Roosma-le Cocq):


Leembruggen: Elias Leembruggen > Hendrick Leembruggen (d. at Leyden on 2.5.1696) = Janneken Carels (d. at Leyden on 25.4.1703) >: Hendrik Fredrick Leembruggen (bapt.Leyden on 26.6.1660. d. there 6.1.1734) = (1) on 11.1.1684 at Leyden Adriana Gavaertsz (bapt. at Dordrecht on 8.9.1663) d. of Dr Johannes Gevaertsz & Eliszabeth van Ravestyn > Johan Leembruggen (bapt. at Leyden on 27.3.1692) = (1) at Leyden on 2.5.1719, Wilhelmina Bloteling of the Hague, d. of Nicolaas Bloteling & Gertruida van Neck = (2) on 25.5.1730 Maria Populeus, widow of Gerard van Leeuwen.  By (1) >: II. Henricus Leembruggen, Private Secretary to the Governor of Ceylon [1744]; 2 de pakhuismeester, Colombo [1745]; Chief of the Mahabadde [1748]; Chief of Calpentyn [1756]; Koopman & Acting Dissave of Colombo [1758]; Dissave of Matara [1759-1760]; Opperkoopman & 2nd in authority at Coromandel, S: India (b. at Leyden on 7.8.1721, d. at Colombo on 18.10.1782) = (1) at Colombo on 8.10.1744 Elizabeth Thielman (bapt. at Tuticorin, S. India on 19.9.1728), d of Johannes Thielman of Hamburg, Resident of Ponnecail, India & Maria van Halen = (2) at Colombo on 30.7.1758 Dina Cramer of Cochin, India, d. of Robertus Cramer of Amsterdam, Dissave of Colombo & Elizabeth Steenhuyzen = (3) in 1765 Dorothea Maria Dies (bapt. Colombo on 4.3.1742), d. of John Hendrik Dies of Hildedsheim (b. 30.1.1714, d. at Caricol on 25.7.1765) & Maria Wilhelmina Blom = (4) at Kalutara 23.8.1777 Susanna Maria Runsdorff, d. of Frederick Runsdorff & Gertruida Kerfbyl


By (3) VII. Susannah Henrietta Leembruggen (b. at Negapatam, India, on 31.7.1766, d. at Colombo in 1839) = on 27.4.1783 Petrus Jacobus Roosmale-Cocq of Doccum (Holland)


By (4) XI. Henrietta Magdalena Leembruggen (b. 16. 8.,1776) = on 6.1. 1793 Stephen, Baron van Lynden of Buicterswijk, Captain of Artillery (b. 23.2.1766, d. 8.4.1830), s. of Johan Nicolaas van Lynden & Anna Schryver [Vorsterman van Oyen - Aanzienlijke Familien, Dutch Burgher Union Journal pp.19-28]


Schneider: Lieutenant Johan Hendrick Schneider, cartographer of Kirckheim, Hesse Cassel (b. 17.7.1753, d. at Chilaw) = Christina Elizabeth Schoorman (b. 1.6.1749, d. 29.1.1798) > Captain Gaulterus Schneider (b. 23.11.1772, Jaffna, d. 16.9.1891, Colombo, bur. Gualterus family vault, Wolvendaal Burial Grounds, Colombo).  [His grandson Henry Schneider Roosemalecocq, died on 4.12.1829 aged 2 years, 7 months].  He = (1) on 5.2.1797 Sophia Magdalena Staats (b. 21.3.1780, d. 20.12.1830 aged 30 years), daughter of Jacobus Wilhelmus Staats and his wife Anna Gertruida Runsdorf.  Captain Schneider held a commission in the 60th Regiment, was gazetted First Lieutenant, 3rd Regiment (20.3.1806), appointed commander at Kalutara (1.11.1808), Fort Adjutant Matara, Tangalla, Hambantota (5.9.1812) > his 2nd daughter Maria Henrietta (b. 10.11.1805) married on 14.9.1817 Stephen Hendrick Roosmalecocq (d. 29.5.1835 aged 40 years), Magistrate, Kalutara (1823-27), son of Pieter Jacobus Roosmalecocq of Dokhum, Friesland, Magistrate, Ambalangoda.


The Frisians, of Nordic/Germanic origin, colonised the coastal districts of the Dutch provinces of Friesland and Groningen between 700 and 600 BC.  The free Frisian Hanseatic cities of Dokkum, Stavoren, Bolsward & Leuwarden flourished through trade from the 12th century onwards.


Until 1866 Hesse-Cassel (now Cassel in the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau), located between the main part of Prussia and the Prussian provinces of Westphalia in western Germany, was a landgraviate (3,699 sq. m) and electorate of Germany, consisting of several detached masses of territory, to the N.E. of Frankfort-on-the-Main.


Roosmalecocq: Capt. Petrus (Pieter) Ambrosius Rosmalecocq of Dokhum, Friesland = in Dutch Reformed Church, Dokkum on 30th April 1749, Minke Aleffs of Kollum > Petrus (Pieter) Jacobus Rosmalecocq = in 1783 Susannah Henrietta, d. of Henricus Leembruggen (b. 1799, d. 1852) >:


(a) Robert Karl Roosmalecocq (d. 1852) = 1824 Frederica Mottau >:

    (1) Charlotte Roosmalecocq = John Walbeoff of “Temple Trees”

    (2) Hannah Susan Roosmalecocq = J. W. Little (1859), Ceylon Civil Service.


(b) Stephen Hendrock Roosmalecocq (d. 1833) = Maria Henrietta Schneider > Harriett Roosmalecocq = Anthony Samuel White > Maria Eveline White = Alfred Octavius Winter at Tuticorin, India > Susannah Caroline Winter (obsp) = as his 2nd wife Robert Charles Roosmalecocq.


(c) Jacobus Ambrosius Roosmalecocq, 3rd child >:

    (1) Edward James Roosmalecocq

    (2) Robert Charles Roosmalecocq (b. 1825, d. 1855) = (2) Susannah Caroline Winter

         (obsp) = (1) Emily Girdlestone, eldest daughter of Samuel Girdlestone, QC,

         Bencher, Middle Temple > Beatrice Trezevant Roosmalecocq = Col. Harvey >

         Caroline Harvey = Rev. Charles Henry Winter, son of Alfred Octavius Winter &

         Maria Eveline White


Fredericka Antonetta Roosmalecocq (b. 17.9.1801, d. 18..2.1841, bur. in the Pettah Burial Grounds).  She was daughter of Andreas Wilhelmus Mottau of Wezel by his wife Elizabeth Petronella Kofferman and married Robert Carl Roosmalecocq on 17.9.1821.  Their son Andrew Henry Roosmalecocq, Ceylon Civil Service (1843-85) died in 1896.  He had a son Gerard Charles Roosmalecocq, Ceylon Civil Service (1872-96).


Andreas Wilhelmus Mottau was son of Hermanis Frederick Kofferman of Baatbergen and his wife Johanna Rodrigo.


Ambrosius Roosmalecocq of Dokhum Ondertrouwregister Gerecht Dokkum, 1749

DTB No: 177, 1730-1760

Vermelding: Derde proclamatie van 30th April 1749, Dokkum

Man: Pieter Ambrosius Roosmale Cocq, Dokkum

Vrouw: Minke Aleffs, Kollum

NB: beroep bruidegom: luitenant


The marriage itself, in the Reformed Church:

Source: Trouwregister Hervormde gemeente Dokkum, 1749

DTB No: 197, 1743-1755

Vermelding: Derde proclamatie van 30th April 1749, Dokkum

Man: Pieter Ambrosius Roosmale Cocq, Dokkum

Vrouw: Minke Alefs, Kollum

NB: beroep bruidegom: luitenant


(sent by Hans Zijlstra,,


Andrew Henry Rosmalecocq, H.M. Civil Service, was a witness to Sarah (née Cresse) Winter's Will.

Extract of a letter from Derek Roosmalecocq:


"My father James Archibald Livera was adopted by his mother's eldest sister Mrs Mabel Roosmale Cocq (née Ferdinands) who was childless and gave him her husband's surname.  Her husband Henry Roosmale Cocq was a surveyor based in Matara - when Nana deserted him (my father was about twelve) he was an alcoholic, she did not keep in contact with Henry's people.  When Dad became Assistant Superintendent of Police, someone called Toy Roosmale Cocq wrote from Nuwara Eliya to congratulate him.  When we moved to Galle, this Toy and another man called on us.  They were treated civilly but my parents did not refer to them again.  I heard that there was a Roosmale Cocq family living near the Roman Catholic Cathedral but I cannot tell you what any of them looked like.  Several years later when Dad became Deputy Inspector General, an ex-Excise Inspector named Vivian Roosmale Cocq was a caller and he once brought his son, whose name I can't recall.  I remember he looked a handsome white man, his home was in Brisbane and he had a daughter whom I never met.  Later I heard Vivian had married a Sinhalese woman and had a child by her.


The only other Roosmale Cocqs I saw were the Misses Roosmale Cocq of Kandy, pillars of the Anglican Church and they were Vivian's aunts.  As regards the name Roosmale Cocq I suspect that it is Flemish.  I remember Nan telling me that the name was hyphenated in Victorian times - "a pretentious fashion."


A member of the family of Schneider of Hesse Cassel was amongst Huguenot refugees. (Huguenot Records, Guildhall), possibly connected with Walter Leonhard Sebastian Schneider "geburtig aus Rhinehesse" (born in Rhine Hessen, Germany) whose arms were "une paire ciseaux ouverts" Crest: "Un oiseau essorant perche sur un branche de tilleul brisee, mouvant d'une autre branche courbe pardessous", Motto: "Cum grege non gradior."


Arms: "A pair of open scissors.  Crest: a soaring bird perched on a broken linden tree branch sprouting from another curved branch below the bird".


"graidor" (L) - to step, walk, "gradivus, gradior" - he that walks in battle, a surname of Mars.   "grege facto" (L) in close order from "grex" - troop, band, company.


This is an example of canting arms as "schneider" means a cutter.


Extract of a paper presented by R.G. Anthonisz to the Dutch Burgher Union of Ceylon entitled "Heraldry as represented in Dutch Seals and Monuments in Ceylon"


"One of the best specimens (of quartering a woman's arms with her husband's) on a seal is that of the Roosmale Cocq arms.  Here the paternal coat of the Cocq family is quartered with that of the heiress of the Roosmale family.  Fine copies of these arms have been preserved from which the following blazon may be made out:

"Quarterly 1st and 4th gules, a sinister arm in armour, embowed, holding a sword and issuant out of clouds or, for Cocq, 2nd and 3rd gules three rams' heads horned or, for Roosmale.  These are are blazoned in the "Armorial General" as follows:


1. Cocq - "de gules aun senestrochese arm, tenant un cimeterre et issuant d'une nuée mouw (mouve?) du flanc, le tout d'or."  ("gules, a sinister arm holding a scimitar issuing from a cloud moving from the side, all gold").

2. Rosmale: "De sinister, a trois tetes beliers cornées d'or" ("sinister, three ram's heads, horned or").


The arms of the Leembruggens, appearing on monuments and on seals in possession of the family and also described by Reitstap in his great work "Armorial General" may be said to belong partly to this class of arms ("arms parlant" or canting arms).  They consist of a silver shield charged with a knight on horseback habited in blue wearing a black helmet and carrying a sword in his hand, crossing a 2 arched red bridge ("brug") with black masonry over a river.


The full blazon as given by Reitstap is as follows:


"D'argent a un homme habite d'azur, coiffe d'un chapeau de sable, tenant une epée haute, monte sur un cheval au naturel, passant sur un pont de gules de deux arches maçonne de sable s'elevant d'un riviere."


This would be the third coat of arms with an armed arm bearing a sword which the Winters may have been entitled to bear.


Octavius wrote the following letter to his mother Sarah:





My dear Mother,


It's an age since I have written to you and now I sit down to do so, as it being Sunday.  For during the week-days I have hardly any time as I have to be on my legs the whole day as I have to go over to "Sunnyside" and at the same time to have a look over my fields every day.


Hain gives me £4 a month for helping him in his work.  I have not said a word as to its being too little for if I refused to look after the work, he would only most likely allow £2 a month, which would be very hard lines for me.  As it is, I find it very hard to get on with the £6 I get, that is, £4 from the firm and £2 on my private account, as everything is nearly double the price it used to be.  The only one thing I have not to pay for is water.


I have taken in about half of my crop of sugar and the other half I have been asking Hain over and over, if I could cut the canes but he'd say I must wait and now the people are in the midst of their paddy crop so it's no use just now thinking of cutting.  I am thinking of planting some cocoa in a --- nine months as I see the young cocoas on the trees, I have some --- at ---. and it ---- was in blossom when I last saw it and Capt. Williams has taught me how to bring the ---.. into perfection and I mean to intend --- planting that too as I have trees that the vines could go up.---The price of sugar is very bad and I have been speaking to Hain about planting M --- Hill with c--- as that is an article which pays well and it would grow well.


I have put Alley to school at last and he is getting on very well.  He goes to Sunday school at All Saints and Cissy ------ Adelaide has --- and she is also getting on very well for which I must thank Adelaide for.  George and Charley I have taken into my head to teach which I do after breakfast every day.  The a wild little fellow always wishing to go after the cattle.  I had baby christened last Sunday and I gave her names Sarah Cresse - she was so good when the water was poured on her head.


You will be very sorry to hear that "Sunnyside" is in a very bad state.  I spoke to Hain before he went --- and I wrote to you about it and nothing has been done as yet.


With love to all, much the same to you, my dear mother,


Your affectionate son,


A. O. W.


Octavius, George & Sarah, George Walter Winter and Robert Charles Roosmale Cocq are listed in the Ceylon Almanacs as follows:


Page 616 Title: Out-Station General Directory

Winter, Alfred Octavius, Supt., Gallagodda, Balapiti(ya)

Winter, George Walter, Sugar Planter, Baddegama

Winter, Mrs. Sarah,  Sugar Planter, Baddegama


Page 101 Title: European Residents

Winter, G, Baddegama, Southern Province, Planter


Page 98 Title: European Residents

Roosmalecocq, R. C. , Colombo, Western Province


[Posted by Geoff Summers to the Ceylon GenWebsite]


Maria Eveline died on 11.4.1906 and was buried at Kanatte Cemetery, Colombo with Harry Street.  The grave can be found on the right hand side of the main footpath at the entrance.


All Saints Church, Galle - No. 2620, (Baddegama Church Register No. 740).

Name: Alfred Octavius.

Son of: George Winter of Point de Galle, merchant and Sarah his wife.

Born: 10.6.1836.

Baptised: 26.9.1836.

Sponsors: William Winter by proxy, George Winter, Sarah Winter.

Officiating: John Wenham, priest.


Foreign & Commonwealth Office, Register of Marriages, Tuticorin, India (India Records Office, 197, Blackfriars Road, London SE1).


Vol. N/2/44, folio 293, No. 5043:

Marriage Certificate:

Date 10.12.1863.

Names: Alfred Octavius Winter aged 27, bachelor, planter, son of George Winter.

Maria Eveline White aged 18, spinster, daughter of A.S. White.

By banns

Witnesses: W.E. Underwood, D.G. Underwood, James Bowman



Marie Eveline White was daughter of Anthony Samuel White, son of Joseph White, a weaver and his wife Elizabeth of Hopetown Street, Whitechapel, London E1.  A. S. White was born on 31.12.1814 and baptised on 22.1.1815 at St. Matthews, Bethnal Green, London E7.  (R190. p.159, LRO).


Anthony Samuel White may have had a brother George William White, son of Joseph and Elizabeth White of Gibraltar Row, Bethnal Green, London E7 baptised on 25.4.1813 at Bethnall Green (R190, p.23, LRO).  The Whites may have been a Huguenot family and their surname anglicised from Le Blanc.


Anthony Samuel White, bachelor and Harriet Caroline Rosmalecocq, spinster, the former residing in Galle and the latter in Colombo, both professing the Protestant religion were married in this church by licence this Seventh Day of February, in the Year of our Lord, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty Four by me, Sgd, T.P. Horsford.


This marriage was solemnised between us, Anthony Samuel White, Harriett Caroline Rosmalecocq.  Witness N. S. Roosmalecocq, B. Walbeoff, Charlotte Walbeof.


I certify that the above is true extract from the Register.  Witness my hand M. T. Burrows, acting Incumbent of Trinity Church, Colombo.


On the fly sheet of an old bible "Eva Street, 29th March, 5th April 1892, Horton Place, Cinnamon Gardens".


On the next page: "Harry Street married Maria Eveline Winter (nee White) at Christchurch Cathedral, married by Rev. E. F. Miller, archdeacon 10th October 1890."




My dear Allie


As I feel that my end may at any time be sudden, I ask you that should such occur, that you will look after your mother.  You are the only one of your family that I would put this duty on and I ask you not to forget that she is your mother and is the author of your being and that you cannot do too much for her - do not let her feel she is any burden on you or it will grieve her very much.


You may think it strange in my talking like this but you don't know what I suffer at night with my heart and I am afraid it may be the cause of my suddenly snuffing out - I only wish I were in a position to leave her well off but I am not and never will be in this beastly country.  Hoping you will do your utmost to carry out what I ask of you, believe me,  Your sincere well wisher,


H. Street.


Many years after Maria Eveline's death, a secret drawer was found in an old desk with letters from her children:





My dear mother,


Poor Jack is dead.  Brother caught two thives and cousin Eddie gave them a good thrashing and made them pay five rupees..  Yesterday a lot of people went to catch fish and a alligator came to the net and the people threw the net and ran on shore.


With much love, I am your loving son,


Edmund Winter





My dear mother,


Sister gave me a hen.  My poor calf died.  D--- you ----.m.---.  The water is coming up.  I am going to send you some cagunuts (cashew nuts).  Today I went to pick some cagunut.  How is my hen?  ----. in mu ---.

I am your loving son


Edmund Winter.





My dear mother


Thank you very much for those stockings.  I am very glad that Sarah came.  Brother gave me --- of Sarah and sister and brother and Daily and I went up the hill yesterday.  I got a garden and Daily has three and sister got a garden and sister pick such big cucumber today, with much love,


I am your loving son,


Edmund Winter.





My dear mother


I got your letter yesterday.  How is --- I went ---- her.  Thanks for the bombons that you sent me.  I gave some for Edmund and sister gave me a hen on my birthday and she has laid five eggs, and she is sitting.  I am going to --- her.  I had half holiday on my birthday.


I am your loving son


W. S. Daly Winter.


My dear mother


I sent 2 vanilla pods by uncle, one is for you and one is for sister.  This morning we killed a big bandicoot1 and I took the skin and I put some ash and dried.  I had a little parrot for 33 days and he died last evening and this morning I took a tin and beat the tin and went and buried him.


Love to all, I am your affectionate son


Daly Winter.


1bandicoot - Malabar or pig-rat (genus Peramales).



Trinity College



My dear mother


We got your letter yesterday.  I am very sorry to hear that Sarah is not well.  It was not the train that we came in but it was the train which came from Kandy.  We had to stay only about half an hour.  We went out yesterday and bought some papers and some soap.  Did brother write to you after we came to Kandy?  Daly is writing to brother and sister.  I bought a kite and I am going to fly it tomorrow.  We are going out today.


With much love,


I am your loving son


Edmund Winter.


Octavius and Maria Eveline Winter had:


(i) Alfred William Rosmalecocq Winter, the eldest was born 21.11.1864 at Unanwitiya, a small estate belonging to his father on the banks of the Gin Ganga below Mapalagama.  He became manager of the Gintota Saw Mills belonging to the Udugama Tea and Timber Company (now the Government Plywood Factory).  He bought shares of an estate from the rest of the family and planted it up with rubber, later giving it to his brother Daly who was not interested in the place.  It was eventually sold to a Mr Soyza.  Early in 1902 he bought Pillagoda Valley and went to live there on 5.8.1904.  About this time he met Dorake Vithanagé Hinnihamy alias Juana whose father had worked at the saw mill and lived with her.  He built a house on the site of an older one built by his grandfather George Winter and took up residence in the house on 5.8.1915.  He eventually had 1,000 acres and also manufactured sugar and distilled rum but lost a considerable fortune in the venture owing to the low prices obtained and the government ban on rum (which was only allowed to be manufactured in the West Indies).  He then planted the land with rubber and tea.


He visited England, travelling via the Cape of Good Hope in the hope of meeting some of his Afrikaaner friends and going on a lion hunt.  He stayed with his brother Rev. Charles Henry Winter at the vicarage, Elsdon, Northumberland and went to a grouse shoot on the moorlands.  He returned to Ceylon in 1928 with his wife Shelagh Basile Horner whom he married on 22.12.1931 at the Brompton Oratory, London.  He died at Galle on 22.12.1931 and was buried at Christchurch, Baddegama.  His widow married Wilfred Eyre who who committed suicide at Kandy.  She retired to England and lived at Burnt Hill Road, Farnham, Surrey up to the 1960s.



Allie left a note amongst his papers with the following details:


Started Pillagoda Valley early in 1902.

Came to reside at Pillagoda Valley on August 5th, 1904.

Went into residence in the new bungalow August 5th, 1915.

Rejoined C.P.R.C (Ceylon Planters Rifle Corps). 9th September 1914 (No. 265)

Mother born 19th November 1845, died 11th April 1906.

Father born 10th June 1836, died 12th October 1883.

Hinnihamy died 17th January 1919 aged 39 years.

Hilda born 28th June 1898 at Gintota.

Nora born 12th September 1900 at Gintota, died aged 15 months.

Hero born 4th January 1903 at Gintota.

Violet born 30th March 1904 at Gintota.

Norman born 12th June 1906 at Pillagoda Valley.

Sydney born 17th March 1912 at Pillagoda Valley.

Rioty Martial born 3rd July 1915 at Pillagoda Valley.


Harold born 9th August 1922.

Irene born 26th February 1924.

Roxana born 19th August 1925.

Lionel Roger born 1st August 1927.


By Hinnihamy Ally had:


(a) Hilda Dagmar Winter (born Gintota, Galle on 28.6.1898, d.18.7.1965 at Alfred Place, Colpetty (Kolupitiya), Colombo), married at Ganegama Church, Baddegama on 5.2.1920 Joseph van der Poorten (born at Greenwood Estate, Galagedara on 27.6.1895, d. Australia 4.7.1970), son of Antoine Joseph van der Poorten senior, a Fleming who escaped to Ceylon after being ship-wrecked, in a small boat with one other man from the Belgian Congo and married a Sinhalese lady.  Her children were:


1. Aileen van der Poorten (b. 17.6.1921 Rock Hill Estate, Galagedara on, bapt. Ganegama Roman Catholic Church, d. 13.1.2002 Aberfoyle Park, S. Australia aged 80, bur. Centennial Park Cemetery, Goodwood Road, Daw Park, S. Australia.  She married in  Ceylon (1) Bernard William Ayres of Cambridge on 8.6.1945, divorced = (2) in Australia Jozefus (“Joe”) Mathys Lodewyk Hoek (b. 28.3.1930 Holland, d. 29.7.2001 Aberfoyle Park, S. Australian aged 71, bur. Centennial Park Cemetery, Goodwood Road, Daw Park, S. Australia). Children (a) Romaine Ayres = Trevor Patterson > son Andrew Patterson. (2) Jerry Ayres > 3 children.


2. Brian Roger van der Poorten born at Katugastota on 21.12.1922 and baptised at St. Thomas College, Mount Lavinia by the Rev. Foster.  He married a Sinhalese girl Prema and had Louise van der Poorten = a boy from Galagedara [a son b. 1987 & a daughter b. 1994], Charmaine van der Poorten = Pastor Trevine Peiris, [Dexter Pieris b. 1989 & Trisha Sandrine Pieris b. 1993], Rohani van der Poorten & Laurance van der Poorten.


3. Joyce Inez (Anudhi) van der Poorten born at the Firs Nursing Home, Kandy on 5.2.1930 and baptised at the Jesuit Seminary, Ampitiya.  She married (1) James Stevenson Gorrie of Dundee on 26.9.1946 and divorced him later marrying (2) William Charles Wentworth Jnr, the son of a well respected Australian statesman, in Ceylon in 1967.  Their daughter Lisa was born in Sydney, Australia, in 1969.  Anudhi arrived in Australia from England in 1954.  She owned and ran, with a partner, the first curry house in Melbourne called the Ceylon Restaurant which became a meeting place for various overseas entertainers with whom she maintained life-long friendships.  These included Louis Armstrong, Harry Belafonte, Frank Sinatra, Ella Fitzgerald, Katherine Dunham and her Dance Company and Luisillo and his Spanish Dance Theatre Group. Anudhi and Lisa came to live in Byron Bay in 1976.  Anudhi became a Local Government Councillor in 1980 and spent 15 years in Council, resigning in 1995.  Lisa now lives in Perth, Western Australia.


(b) Hero Dagmar (Winter), 2nd child of A.W. Winter was born on 4.1.1903, dying on 12.8.1909 of dysentery, buried at the Mahodara Christian Cemetery, Galle.  The epitaph reads "In loving memory of Hero Dagmar, born 4.1.1903, died 12.8.1909 - It is well with the child."


(c) Violet Dagmar Winter born 30.3.1909 at Gintota married Reginald Hermon, planter.  She died on 14.9.1966 and was buried at Kanatte Cemetery, Colombo.  She had:


(i) Rex Hermon who studied law and became a barrister but gave this up to become a planter.  Her married Rose Richardson, daughter of James Richardson of Baddegama.  He and his family emigrated to Australia.


(ii) Maurice Hermon married Mrs Loos but had no children.  They emigrated to Australia.


(iii) Richard "Dicky" Hermon married an Eurasian girl and had at least 2 children, one of whom was a daughter Susan.  They emigrated to Australia.


(d) Norman Dagmar Winter, born 12.6.1906.


Certificate of Birth in Ceylon JN. 76907 Registration B7a (F2)9/27.


Application 1790 - Norman Dagmar Winter - Southern Province, Galle, Baddegama.

Date and Place of Birth - Pillagoda Estate, Baddegama, 1906, June 18th

Name: Norman Dagmar - male

Father's name: Refer to affidavit D.C. Galle, Case 484 attached.

Mother's name: Dorake Vithanagé Hinnihamy

Were parents married: No.

When registered: 1906, June 30th.


I, A. Kanapathipillai, Additional Assistant Provincial Registrar of Births and Deaths of the Galle District, do hereby certifiy the foregoing is a true copy of the original birth certificate of Mr A. W. A. Silva, Registrar of the Baddegama Division in the Galle District filed in this office and the same is granted on the application of Mr N. Winter.  Assistant Provincial Registrar's Office. Galle 22.5.1939.


Norman was educated at St. Thomas Church Missionary Society College, Mutwal, Colombo, went to the Seale Hayne Agricultural College, Devon and then to the Peradeniya Botanical Gardens.  He became an inspector in the Rubber Control Department during the World War II.  He worked as a planter on various commercial company estates and then became superintendent of Pillagoda Valley from 1948-1956 in partnership with his brothers Sydney and Rioty as shareholders.  They bought out the shares of their half-brother Alfred Anthony Winter and his mother Shelagh (nee Horner).  Norman married his cousin Nancy "Mabel" Winter, daughter of his uncle Edmund Winter of Galagedara on 11.7.1936 at the Methodist Church, Colpetty (Kalupitiya), Colombo.  He had 3 children Wendy Florence, Anne Marguerite and Edmund Roger.


JN. 48132.  Registration B L2 9/27 Notice of Marriage to the Registrar of Marriages of the Division of --- in the District of ----.


I, the undersigned ---. hereby give you notice that a marriage is intended to be had at the Methodist Church, Colpetty within three calendar months from the date hereof, between me and the other party herein named and described, that is to say:-


1. Name in full of each party:            Male - Norman Winter            Female Nancy Winter.


2. Age last birthday             29 years.               24 years.


3. Civil condition:                      Bachelor,                      Spinster,


4 (1) Rank or profession:            Inspector,                    Trained Teacher

                                                Rubber Control


   (2) Nationality:                        Eurasian                      Eurasian.


5. Dwelling place:               No 2 Division             c/o Mr D. Sansoni,

                                                Ambanpitiya Estate            Sea Street, Negombo.



6. Division & Revenue

    District:                                 ---Korale               Alutkuru Korale, Negombo


7. Length of residence

    in Division                              9 months             3 years 4 months


8. Father's name in             Alfred William                         Edmund Winter

   full & rank or                           Winter

   profession                              planter                          planter


9. Consent by whom given:


10. Signature of the person or reference to document giving consent


And I hereby solemnly declare that to the best of my knowledge and belief the several particulars stated in the above notice are true and correct and that there is no impediment of kindred or alliance or other lawful hindrance to the said marriages.


(2) And I further declare that I am not a minor under the age of twenty one years and that the other party herein named and described is not a minor under the age of twenty one years or as the case may be.


(3) And I further declare that I and (if the case be so) the other party herein named for the space of --- days immediately preceding the giving of this notice, had my or our (as the case may be) usual place of abode and residence within the above mentioned Division of --- .


(4) And I further declare that the consent of the person or persons named in column 9 and whose consent to the said marriage is required by law, has been duly given (or if the case may be so) that both I and the other party herein named being majors, no consent is required to the said marriage.


(5) And I make the foregoing declaration, solemnly and sincerely believing the same to be true pursuant to the provisions of the Marriage Registration Ordinance 1907 well knowing that every person who shall knowingly or wilfully make and sign or subscribe any false declaration or who shall sign any false notice for the purpose of procuring any marriage under the provisions of the said Ordinance shall suffer the penalties of giving false evidence under Chapter VI of the Ceylon Penal Code.


In witness whereof, I have hereunto set and subscribed my hand this --- day of --- 19 --- in the presence of the following witnesses and attesting officer --- Signature.


Full name ---.




The marriage took place on Saturday evening at the Methodist Church, Colpetty of Mr Norman Winter of the Rubber Control Department and Miss Nancy Winter, daughter of Mr & Mrs E. Winter of St. George's Estate, Galagedara


The Rev. E. R. Lee officiated.  The church was tastefully decorated with palm leaves and arum lilies.  There was an arch of palm leaves at the foot of the altar.  The service was choral.  The bride, who was given away by her father, was attended by Miss J(essie) Winter and Miss M(ary) Burnane as bridesmaids, while Miss P(hyllis) Winter was flower girl and Master Tony van der Poorten page.  The bridegroom was supported (sic) by Mr A(ldo). Sansoni as best man and Mr M(ervin) Pereira was groomsman.  The attesting witnesses were Mr George Johnston of Urugala and Mr Sansoni of Negombo.  The bride wore a gown of silver lamé, the gauged skirt fell into a long train.  The bodice was neatly fitting and had a softly draped neckline.  Long wide sleeves were caught at the wrist with tight-fitting cuffs.  A band of hand-embroidered crystal and silver beads encircled her waist.  Her tulle veil was held in place with a halo of mother-of-pearl leaves and buds of blossom.  The bridesmaids wore white taffeta frocks in the Regency style with wide flared skirts, fitting bodices with cheminette necks of pin-spot georgette buttoning down to the back.  The puff sleeves were of white pin-spot georgette.  They had silver love-knots on the skirts and wore white gauntlets (sic).  Red rosebuds and silver leaves adorned their hair.  They carried bouquets of red carnations tied with silver and red ribbon.  The flower girl was attired in a similar way..  The page wore a smart gabardine suit.  Amongst those present were Mr E. G. Kennedy, Miss W. Hermon, Miss E. Hermon, Miss de Zylwa, Mrs W. Winter, Miss G. van der Straaten, Miss Norah Perera, Miss L. Jansz, Mr B. Hermon, Miss B. Hermon, Mr & Mrs Sansoni, Miss M. Sansoni, Mr R. Breckenridge, Miss Mona Sansoni, Miss C. de Vos, Miss E. Herft, Miss C. Orr, Mr & Mrs S. C. Blacker, Mrs J. W. Ponniah, Mr & Mrs C., Hermon, Mrs Prins, Mrs G. S. Sansoni, Mrs. H. R. Hepponstall, Miss A. Sansoni, Miss L. Sansoni, Mr G. S. Sansoni, Mrs R. Modder, Misses S. & M. Modder, Miss E. Bevan, Mr L. Bevan, Miss L. Wright, Messrs D. & M. I. Hepponstall, Mr P. Silva, Mr & Mrs D. Johnstone, Mr & Mrs H. Gray, Mr W. Sinnetamby, Miss L. Jayawickrema, Miss G. Bandaranaike, Miss W. Pinto Jayawardne, Miss E. Silva, Miss C. Amarasingha, Mr & Mrs B. van der Poorten, Mrs D. Winter, Mr & Mrs C. W. Pereira, Mr H. D. Jayasingha, Miss M Hepponstall, Mr K. Kumaraswami, Mrs L. Arndt, Mr E. Winter, Mr. H. Gray, Miss D. Pereira, Miss M. Sansoni, Miss de Alwis, Miss D. Modder, Rev. F. D. de Silva, Mr & Mrs J. van der Poorten and Mr & Mrs Johnson (July 11th).


Norman and his family emigrated to the United Kingdom on April 1959 where he died aged 53 at Kingston-upon-Thames Hospital on 18.11.1964, was cremated on 21.11.1964 and his ashes interred on 13.12.1964 at Christchurch, Baddegama.  Mabel died on 16.7.1967 at the Cottage Hospital, East Molesey, Surrey aged 55 years, was cremated and her ashes interred at Christchurch, Baddegama.


(e) Sydney Dagmar Winter born on 17.3.1912 at Pillagoda Valley Estate and educated at St. Thomas CMS College, Mutwal.  He was sent to England in 1926 and studied at Edward VII Grammar School, Sheffield and then at St. George's Hill College, Weybridge, Surrey which later moved to Ashford.  He was employed with the Aeronautical Inspection Directorate during World War II and married on 13.4.1941 at St. John's Church, Wembley, Middlesex Dorothee Andrews, daughter of Hubert Andrews, the Maples Furniture representative in Paris.  Dorothee's sister Gertrude was wife of Sir John Boothman whom she married in 1922.  Gertrude, Lady Boothman, died on 11.7.1979 at Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire and Sir John in 1957.  Dorothee died in 1979 at Hailsham, Sussex and was buried in the parish church there.  Her only son Paul was born on 5.8.1943 at Leamington Spa and baptised at St. John's Church, Wembley.  He married Joan Warnette and had 2 children Michael and Anna Winter.  Sydney worked as a motor engineer in England, later owning his own garage then returned to Ceylon where he rose to become managing director of the Rowlands, a Rootes Group Company.  He designed a motor boat and a trailer.


(f) Nora Winter died aged 15 months.


(g) Rioty Marshall Dagmar Winter, born on 3.7.1912 at Pillagoda, educated at St. Thomas CMS College, Mutwal, Colombo.  He was sent to the England in 1926 to the Edward VII Grammar School, Sheffield with his brother Sydney and then to St. George's Hill College, Weybridge, Surrey which later moved to Ashford.  He trained in electrical engineering at the Commercial College, Guildford and volunteered for the Home Guard during World War II, then joined the Royal Air Force where he held a King's Commission, serving in Italy, Greece, Austria, the Mediterranean and Egypt.  He was demobbed in 1947 and returned to England after a short stay in Ceylon.  He took up employment with the East Grinstead Urban District Council.  He finally returned to Ceylon in 1948.  He married (1) an English girl called Vera who was an ATS during the War and whom he divorced, (2) Nevanka, an Yugoslavian war orphan brought up by Austrian parents (3) Marga Jochem of German descent whose parents fled the Russian invasion of Prussia.  Rioty emigrated to Lübeck where he died in October 1990.  He had two sons:


(1) Arnold William Winter born 27.4.1960 at the Joseph Fraser Nursing Home, Colombo (certificate 1445, Wellawatte Division), baptised August 1960 at Warleigh Church, Dickoya married Alice Chow (of American-Chinese descent), living at 125, Kelly Lane, Media, Pennsylvania, USA.


(2) Vernon Hans Winter born 10.11.1963 at the same hospital, baptised at Christchurch, Baddegama 28.6.1964, living in Germany (TV cameraman).


Ally also had by his common-law wife Aslin Hettiache:


1. Harold Winter = Elaine, an Eurasian >:

   Alfred Winter, 87, Boulevard Raspil, Paris 75006

   Erin Winter, computer programmer of 401, East .46th Street, New York.

   Sandra Winter (Mrs. Brixham) in Norway.

   Denis Winter, planter in Ceylon;

   Trevor Winter in Canada > 2 daughters

   Shelley Winter = Hill Alan of 23, Wimpole Street, London.

2. Irene Winter = Eric Heath.  She had a daughter Jenny by a previous relationship.

3. Roxana Winter = Stuart > issue in Australia.

4. Lionel Winter = Grace Russell > issue in Australia including Craig Winter = Carol ___? Children, Lachlan, Declan & Dylan Winter.


Ally also had Willie Winter, Mary Dagmar and Harry Winter (mothers unknown) whom he educated.


Shelagh Basile Horner was daughter of Emilia Frances Browne (b. 21.4.1861) who married 26.2.1895 Charles Jared Horner, estate agent of Norwich (d. 1922).


Emilia Browne lived in Dungarven during her childhood and Kilkenny in 1880-1 moving to Bredon about 1881 when her father became rector of the parish.  She was in Taunton, Somerset in 1839 and lived in Bristol during World War II although she may have returned to Ireland.  She converted to Catholicism.


Shelagh Basile Fan Horner was born in 1900 and died in 1971.  She went to Ceylon after 1928.  Her life in Ceylon was difficult due to the oppressive climate, the isolation and post-parturient depression.  She married secondly Lt. Commander Wilfred Richard Paul "Putty" Eyre, Ally's cousin and after his suicide returned to England where she lived at Burnham-on-Sea, Somerset till 1955, then Farnham, Surrey till 1965 when she moved to Cranleigh, Surrey, a house built by her son-in-law Jack Channing's company where she died in 1971 of cancer.  By Ally she had:


1. Shelagh Evelyn Winter (b. 1929), married in 1954 Captain Matthew Capel Wilson, Royal Army Veterinary Corps and emigrated to New Zealand after her marriage but returned after her separation.  She lived in the Isle of Man and then went to London where she has a shop retailing second-hand clothes and jewellery.  She had a daughter Francisca Wilson (b. 1958) married 1978 Mr Mills whom she divorced.  She returned to Auckland, New Zealand and Whangapora, children:


(a) daughter Carla Mills (b. December 1977

(b) Zara Mills (b. 10.2.1979).

(c) their half-brother Sam Clarke (b. 1988).


2. Aline Winter (b. August 1930) in Ceylon, baptised at the church of the Sacred Heart, Elifritiya on 5.12.1930, godfather Jared Horner, godmother Emelia Horner by proxy.  She went to England in 1938, studied in a convent and lived in Somerset until 1955, then moved to Cranleigh where she ran a pony stud.  She was keen gardener and Fellow of the Royal Horticultural Society.  She died on 25.3.1986 of cancer.  She married in 1951 Jack Channing (b. 18.5.1928 in Burnham-on-Sea), son of a builder.  He was also a builder and lived at Cranleigh.  Children:


A. Nicholas William Kilmaine Channing (b. 8.7.1952 at Weston-super-Mare).  He moved from Cranleigh to Ewhurst in about 1975 and then to Broadstone Farm, Oakwoodhill in 1982.


B. Adrian Paul Frankfort Channing (b. 21.2.1954 at St. Martins, Brent Knoll, Somerset), moved from Cranleigh to Ewhurst in 1984, BSc Hons. Maths and Stats. Sussex University (1976), ACA (1982) ATII (1984), now has his own accounting business.


C. Katherine May de Montmorency Channing (b. 8.2.1956 at Tadmore, Cranleigh), moved to Shanley Green (c.1984) and to Ockley (1987) married 21.9.1985 Stephen Michael Dallyn (b. 1951) > Benjamin Patrick Dallyn (b. 4.6.1990).


(3) Alfred Antony Winter (b. 1931) educated at Downside, lived at Worth during World War II, emigrated in 1949 to Rhodesia and joined the South African Police Force, moved in 1979 to Durban, South Africa and joined the army, a keen carpenter, married in 196- Rita Muller as she second husband.  She was brought up in Mozambique and had a son Cosja by her first marriage.  Tony retired in 1991.  Children:


(a) Julia Winter (b. c. 1967) married on 19.12.1987 Charles du Plessis > twins


A. Mandy du Plessis.

B.Carmen du Plessis (b. 1988).


(b)Teresa Winter (Mrs Hussey) b.c. 1969, m. May 1992.

(c) Benedict Winter (b.c. 1974).


By Wilfred Eyre, Shelagh had Paul Francis Cavendish Eyre, MD (b.1935) married Jackie..?  He died in 1966 of a drug overdose > (1) Caroline Eyre (2) Richard Eyre.


Shelagh Horner was descended from the barons Kilmaine.


James Caulfield Browne, 28th baron Kilmaine (b., d. 23.5.1825 at Bath, bur. at the Neale), MP for Carlow (1790-45) = 25.7.1793 Anne (b. 22.5.1874, d. 6.7.1863 in London), d. of the Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Cavendish, baronet of Doveridge Hall, Derbyshire > Henry Montague Browne (b. 3.10.1799, d. 24.11.1884), dean of Lismore & rector of Burnchurch = 11.4.1822 Catherine Penelope (d. June 1858), d. of Lodge Evans Morres, Viscount Frankfort de Montmorency > Henry George Cavendish Browne (b. 14.12.1829, d. August 1911), rector of Bredon, Worcestershire (1881-1911) married 8.1.1856 Amelia (d. 16.1.1910), d. and co-heiress of James Hunt of Quebec, Canada > Emilia Frances Browne (b. 21.4.1861) = 16.2.1895 Charles Jared Horner > Shelagh Basile Fan Horner = (1) Alfred William Roosmalecocq Winter = (2) his cousin Lt Commander Wilfred Richard Paul "Putty" Eyre, RN (b.19.1.1893).


(ii) Evelyn Gertrude, 2nd child of Alfred Octavius and Maria Eveline Winter, married her cousin Edward Deslandes Bowman, son of Haverstock Hodsell Bowman, descended from Thomas Bowman, partner of George Winter.


Thomas Bowman, born on 19.11.1758 in the Burgh of Crail, Fife (once a major Scottish port) was gamekeeper to the laird (in whose house there is a portrait of him) and died on 14.12.1807.  His wife Ann Ainsworth of Hartlebury, Worcestershire was born 19.5.1772 and died 10.10.1846.  They married on Sunday 23.3.1794 at St. Andrews, Holborn.  Their children were:


(1) Thomas Bowman eldest son, born Sunday 23.12.1798 between 5 & 6 in the afternoon and baptised at 102, New Bond Street by the curate of St. George's, Hanover Square on Sunday 27.1.1799, the sponsors being James Randell, James Venn and Elizabeth Baily.  He died on 19.4.1819.


(2) James Venn Bowman, second son was born on 29.9.1801 and died on 31.5.1856 married Eliza Mary Hodsell at St. Pancras on 7.6.1827, the witnesses being James and Sarah Venn and Thomas Bowman.  He married Eliza Mary Hodsell in the parish church of St. Pancras on 7.6.1827 and died on 31.5.1802.  They had:

(a) Anne Bowman born 17.3.1831.

(b) James Hodsell Bowman born 17.3.1831.

(cx) Haverstock Hodsell Bowman born 15.1.1835, married Lydia Septima Winter, d. of George Winter and Sarah Cresse at Christchurch, Baddegama on 6.1.1858 >:

1. Anne Cresse Bowman.

2. Anne Bowman.

3. Caroline Henrietta Bowman.

4. Edward Deslandes Bowman who married his cousin Evelyn Gertrude Winter, d. of Alfred Octavius Winter and Maria Eveline White >:

A. Anne Bowman.

B. Winifred Bowman.

C. Alfred Haverstock Bowman.

D. Edward Ainsworth Bowman, son Rex Bowman of "Ritoma", Chalk House Green, Reading, Berks.

E. William Rex Bowman.

F. Wilfred Venn Bowman.

G. Mary Margaret Bowman = (1) Mr Parry, a planter in Burma > John Parry emigrated to New Zealand.  Mary Margaret = (2) George Butler (obsp 1996).

H. Lydia Margaret Bowman.