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Ap Maelgun-Mailgon and other Styles



April 11, 1199
Charter of King John confirming to the abbey of Strath Florida, all the gifts made to them in ecclesiastical and secular possessions as the charters of the donors, which they have, testify, except in the commote of Cardigan, which Mailgon son of Rhys (Resi) has remitted to the king. Witnesses: William the Marshall, earl of Pembroke, Geoffrey son of Peter, earl of Essex, William, earl of Salisbury, William Briwerr’, Hugh Bardou. Given by the hands of H. archbishop of Canterbury, the chancellor, at Worcester. 11 April, in the first year of the reign.
[Calendar of various Chancery Rolls: Supplementary Close Rolls, Welsh Rolls, Scutage Rolls preserved in the Public Records Office, AD 1277-1326 (London, 1912), p. 207-208]

Note: Copied from an Inspeximus and confirmation of the three charters in favour of the abbot and convent of Strath Florida (Stratflur), of which, this is the third and dated at Westminster 27 May, 1285.

May 16, 1218
Mandate to Geoffrey de Marisco, justiciary of Ireland, to cause an inquisition to be taken by liege men of the venue of Dublin, whether Mailgun (sic. Mailgoni), uncle of Llewellyn, Prince of North Wales, had seisin of the land held by Adam le Savonier in Dublin; and if by verdict of the inquisition, it appears that Mailgun had seisin of and a right in that land, then the justiciary shall cause seisin thereof to be given to Llewellyn, his nephew and heir. Tower of London.
[Calendar of Documents relating to Ireland 1171-1251 (London, 1974), p. 123, no. 830]

Comment. Also See Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum in Turri Londinensi (London, 1833), Vol. I, p. 362b.

1223
De licencia emendi et vendendi – Rex omnibus baillivis et fidelibus suis presents litteras inspecturis, salute. Sciatis quod Resus Crek et Mailgun filius Resi venerunt ad fidem et servicium nostrum. Et ideo vobis mandamus quod eis et hominibus suis emere et vendere permittatis per baillias et terras vestras, sicut solebant antequam mercata eis prohiberi faceremus. Teste H. etc. apud Mungumeri, vij die Octobris, anno regni nostril vij. Per eundem.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1216-225 (London, 1901), Vol. 1, p. 386]

1223
Transcrpta Cartarum quas Leulinus et subscripti Walenses pecerunt.

Apud Mungumeri die Dominica promima post octavas Sancti Michaelis anno Regni Domini H. Regis VII, de Satisfactione facienda Domino regi et suis.

Omnibus ad quos presens carta pervenerit, Mailgon filius Resi, et Robertus filius Maddoc, Resus Crek, Maddoc filius Griffin de Bromfeld, Elysse filius Maddoc, set nondum receperat dominus rex predicta, die Dominica cartas Resi Crek, Maddoc filii Griffin, et Elysse.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1216-225 (London, 1901), Vol. 1, p. 411]

Omnibus ad quos presens carta pervenerit, Mereduc filius Roberti, Robert filius Maddoc, salute. Sciatis nos manucepisse pro Maddoc filio Griffin de Bromfeld et Elysse filio Maddoc quod idem sacramentum et eandem obligacionem facient imfra terminum quem dominus Cantuariensis archiepiscopus eis prefiget, quam nos fecimus per litteras nostras patentes de satisfaciendo domino H. regi Anglie et suis de dampnis eis illatis per Laulinum et suos a die captionis castri de Kinardesle usque ad diem absolutionis ipsius L. videlicet usque ad diem Sabbati proximam post octabas Sancti Michaelis anno regni ipsius H. regis vij, nisi prefatus L. eis inde satisfecerit.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1216-225 (London, 1901), Vol. 1, p. 411-12]

1223
Rotulus Patentium de anno domini H. regis, filii regis Johannis, Octavo.

De inquisitione facienda de terris Walensium. Episcopus Bangorensis, abbas de Taletheu, Itheneueit Baghan, Ingnau filius Walewei, Jorverd filius Itheneuein, Blethen filius Meurici habent litteras de conductu in veniendo ad diem et locum quos baillivus domini regis de Kaermerdin eis assignabit et scire faciet, ad inquirendum unacum abbate de Sancto Domuelo, priore de Kaerdigan, Waltero filio Gileberti, Gileberto de Valle, Roberto de la Roche, Aaron filio Resi, diligenter et ad ostendendum predicto baillivo, facta inde diligenti inquisitione, quibus terris Mailgon filius Resi, Resus Crek, Oenus filius Griffini, inprisii Leulini, saisiti fuerunt ut de feodo die captionis castri de Kinardesle, et ibidem morando, et inde redeundo. Duret autem conductus iste usque ad festum Sancti Nicholai, anno etc. viij. Teste H. etc. apud Westmonasterium, iiij die Novembris, anno eodem.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1216-225 (London, 1901), Vol. 1, p. 413]

De auxilio faciendo ad boscos prosternendos. Rex Mailgon filio Resi, Reso Crek, Conano filio Hoel, Ouano filio Griffini, Aaron filio Resi, Mereduc filio Reder, et omnibus aliis probis hominibus de Suwallia etc. Mandamus vobis quatinus, sicut nos diligitis, ad mandatum dilecti et fidelis nostri W. Marescalli, comitis Penbrochie, veniatis et efficax ei auxilium faciatis ad boscos prosternendos et passus sciendendos ut liber et securus pateat transsitus et accessus ad villas nostras de Kardinan et Kaermerdin mercatoribus et aliis victualia et res alias venales illuc deferentibus. Teste H. etc. ut supra, anno etc. viij.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1216-225 (London, 1901), Vol. 1, p. 414]

November 4, 1223
Rex abbati de Sancto Domuelo, priori de Kaerdigan, Waltero filio Gileberti, Gileberto de Valle, Roberto de la Roche, Aaron filio Resi, salutem. Sciatis quod reformata nuper pace inter nos et L. principem Norwallie, apud Mungumeri, intervenit talis conditio quod idem L. reddidit in manus nostras ibidem die Dominica proxima post octabas Sancti Michaelis anno regni nostri vij, saisinam terrarum de Witinton et de Kinardesle, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, reddendarum per manum nostram illis qui inde saisiti fuerunt die captionis castri de Kinardesle, salvo jure ipsius L. quod audietur die assignato ad restitutiones faciendas de dampnis nobis et nostris illatis per eundem L. et suos post tempus predictum. Et nos reddidimus eidem L. et suis inprisis saisinam omnium terrarum unde saisiti fuerunt die captionis castri de Kinardesle, ut de feodo, salvo jure quorumlibet, et audiendo die predicto assignato ad predictas restitutiones faciendas. Quoniam igitur ignoramus quibus terris inprisii sui Mailgon filius Resi, Resus Crek, Oenus filius Griffini saisiti fuerunt ut de feodo predicto die captionis castri de Kinardesle, constituimus vos unacum episcopo Bangorensi, abbate de Taletheu, Itheneueit Baghan, Inguan filio Walewei, Jorverd filio Itheneuein, Blethen filio Meurici, hujus saisine inquisitores, mandantes quod ad diem et locum quos ad hoc vobis assignabit et scire faciet baillivus noster de Kaermerdin, conveniatis ad inquirendum unacum predictis diligenter, et ad ostendendum predicto baillivo, facta inde diligenti inquisitione, quibus terris predicti Mailgon filius Resi, Resus Crek, et Oenus filius Griffini, saisiti fuerunt ut de feodo, ipsa die captionis castri de Kinardesle: quia eidem baillivo precepimus quod secundum inquisitionem vestram eis de predictis terris saisinam habere faciat. Teste H. etc. apud Westmonasterium, iiij die Novembris.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1216-225 (London, 1901), Vol. 1, p. 481]

February --, 1225
Mandate to William de Whitworth bailiff Com W, marshal to restore the lands occupied by Mailgoni under the Lord Llewellyn, Prince of North Wales.
[Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum in Turri Londinensi (London, 1833), Vol. 2, p. 17b]

June 3, 1225
Mandate to Owein filio Griffin nephew of Maillegan filio Res uncle of the commote call Crewethyn.
[Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum in Turri Londinensi (London, 1833), Vol. 2, p. 73]

Abstract: It is commanded to Owein son of Griffin that he cause his uncle Maillegon son of Res to have one commot of land, namely Crewethyn, as it was provided by the discreet men deputed by the Lord King and Llewelyn prince of North Wales and Earl W. Mareschal, to divide the lands between his said uncle and himself and Kenaun. But let him do this without difficulty or delay holding firm peace with the same Mailgon and other partisans of the said Lewelin, the King's brother, lest it should be necessary for the King to put forth a heavier hand for the accomplishment of this. Witness the King at Westminster the 3rd day of June," 1225.
[Bridgeman, Rev. George T. O.: History of the Princes of South Wales (Wigan, 1876), p. 107]

September 12, 1240
Rex Johanni Extraneo, salutem. Sciatis quod assignavimus vos una cum venerabili patre episcopo de Sancto Asapho et Johanne de Monem' et Waltero de Clifford' ad audiendum contentiones ortas inter G. comitem Mar', ex una parte et Maylgum filium Mailgum ex altera de terris et tenementis hinc inde occupatis et ad inquirendum de rectis divisis inter terram castri de Cardigan' et terram prefati Mailgum, et tam de jure quod prefatus Mar' habet in terris unde contentio orta est quam de jure ipsius Mailgum in forma quam prefato Johanni de Monem' liberari fecimus. Et ideo vobis mandamus quatinus nullatenus omittatis quin, dimisso castro de Muntgumery in salva custodia, prefatis sociis vestris apud Kardigan occurratis a die Sancti Michaelis in unum mensem ad prefatum negocium exequendum. Teste rege apud Westmonasterium, xxij. die Septembris.
[Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry III. AD 1237-1242 (London, 1911), Vol. 4, p. 242]

January 7, 1241
Mandate to Maylgun son of Maylgun and Rees the Younger (Juniori) in no case to do his homage to any person but the king for the barony which they hold and ought to hold of the king, or to answer for the same to anyone except in the king's court before the king or before his steward. At Westminister.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1232-1247 (London, 1906), Vol. 3, p. 242]

January 30, 1241
Safe-conduct, until Mid-Lent, for Mailgun son of Mailgun and Rees the younger, coming to the king at Hereford.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1232-1247 (London, 1906), Vol. 3, p. 243]

February 3, 1241
Protection, until Mid-Lent, for J. Lestrange, to conduct in person or by one of his knights Owen son of Hoel, Mereduc son of Mailgun, Hoel son of Cadwadlam, Mereduc son of Hoel, and Cadwadlam his brother, in coming to Worcester to speak with the king. At Hereford.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1232-1247 (London, 1906), Vol. 3, p. 244]

February 3, 1241
Rex G. Marescallo, comiti Penbr', salutem. A nostra non excidit memoria qualiter ad instantiam Mailgun filii Mailgun et quorundam aliorum adversariorum vestrorum vobis nuper dedimus in mandatis quod coram nobis die Mercurii post Purificationem Beate Marie apud Hereford' conpareretis justiciam facturi super hiis que ipsi contra vos proponunt, et similiter super hiis in quibus de eisdem estis conquesti justiciam recepturi. Verum quia, ut per nuncios vestros quos ad nos jam transmisistis accepimus, ad nos secundum formam prefati mandati nostri venire non proponitis, set ad partes Hybernie sine licentia nostra tenditis, vobis inhibemus in fide qua nobis tenemini, et sicut ea que de nobis tenetis diligitis, precipiendo ne ad partes Hybernie transfretare presumatis quousque ad nos personaliter accesseritis nobiscum super quibusdam negociis locuturi et justiciam in causa predictorum adversariorum vestrorum, si prosequi voluerint, facturi, in propria recepturi. Teste rege apud Heref', iij. die Februarii.

Rex comiti Marescallo, salutem. Accessit ad nos Mailgun filius Mailgun apud Heref' ad diem quem ei coram nobis prefiximus, ad quem vos etiam fecimus vocari, et coram nobis ibidem proposuit graviter conquerendo quod vos eidem dampna plurima per vos et vestros inferentes terras suas depredari et incendi et quosdam ex suis interfeci fecistis, ita quod de quadam terra sua quam de nobis tenet in capite per compulsionem quam ei fecistis homagium suum jam cepistis, propter quod diem ei prefiximus apud Wudestok' a crastino Cinerum in xv. dies ad justiciam coram nobis super premissis recipiendam et ad faciendum quod justum fuerit super hiis de quibus de ipso estis conquesti. Et ideo vobis mandamus quod in fide qua nobis tenemini coram nobis predictis die et loco compareatis, tam nobis quam predicto M. super predictis responsuri et quod justum fuerit facturi et justiciam de eodem M., si wiltis, recepturi, et similiter jus, si quod in ecclesia Landavensi habetis, ostensuri et si volueritis prosecuturi, ita quod in fide qua nobis tenemini nullam interim molestiam eidem M. aut aliis Walensibus nostris faciatis. Ceterum Resus Bawhan nobis conquerendo monstravit quod Mereduc filius Resi, qui est, ut dicitur, de inprisis [rectius imprisiis] vestris, medietatem terre sue ei nititur violenter auferre cum idem Resus paratus sit stare considerationi curie nostre, unde eidem Reso diem predictum prefiximus et ipsi Mereduc mandavimus quod coram nobis predictis die et loco compareat justiciam plenam, si prosequi voluerit, recepturus. Et ideo vobis mandamus rogantes quatinus non sustineatis quod prefatus M. ipsum Resum infestet donec eidem in curia nostra justiciam fecerimus exhiberi.
[Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry III. AD 1237-1242 (London, 1911), Vol. 4, p. 348-49]

July 1, 1241
Mandate to J. de Munemue to provide safe-conduct for Mailgun son of Mailgun and Rees the younger.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1232-1247 (London, 1906), Vol. 3, p. 254]

September 28, 1241
Power to Griffin son of Wennunwent to conduct Oweyn son of Hoel, Mereduc son of Maylgun, Hoel son of Kadwadlhan, Kadwalader of Hoel, and Mereduc his brother, and those with them, coming to the king to speak with him.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1232-1247 (London, 1906), Vol. 3, p. 260]

March 30, 1242
Protection, without term, for the church of Llanbadarn-Fawr (Sancti Paterni), which belongs to the church of St. Peter, Gloucester, and for the men, lands &c. belonging to it; directed to Mereduc son of Owen, Malgun son of Mailgun and Res son of Res, and all bailiffs, ministers and others of South Wales.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1232-1247 (London, 1906), Vol. 3, p. 279]

October 27, 1243
Safe-conduct without term for Owen son of Howel and Mereduc son of Mailgun. At Westminster.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1232-1247 (London, 1906), Vol. 3, p. 398]

January 1245
Mandatum est cuilibet Walensium subscriptorum quod conpareant (sic) coram rege in curia regis Westm' in crastino Cinerum, responsuri et judicium recepturi de homicidiis, depredationibus, et aliis dampnis que perpetrati sunt in regno regis contra pacem regis. Teste ut supra.

Baronibus de Norwall' qui fecerunt regi homagium:—
Lewelino filio Mereduc.
Lewelino fratri ejus.
Oweyno filio Blethin.
Elisse filio Jerneth'.
Griffino filio Oweyn.
Lewelino filio Griffini.
Mereduk filio Maddok.
Jerneyt fratri ejus.
Maddok filio Maddokes de Brumfeud.
Maddok filio Wennunwen.
Lewelino filio Lewelini de Methin.
Duobus filiis Oweyn Wechan.
Owein filio Howel' de Kyry.
Cadwalader Crek.
Mailgun filio Oweyl.
Mereduk filio Mailgun.
Baronibus de Sutwall'.
Mailgun filio Mailgun.
Moroduk' filio Oweyn.
Mereduk filio Res Screk.
Filiis Res Wachan.
Reso filio Griffini. Filio Morgan Gan.
Howeil Amereduk.
[Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry III. AD 1242-1247 (London, 1916) Vol. 5, p. 348]

November 6, 1245
Mandate to Griffin son of Wenunwen to deliver Tuder son of (sic) Abedenevet and that old man who was steward of Mailgun son of Mailgun, to John Lestrange, who has orders to receive them and cause them to be sent to London. At Lilleshall.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1232-1247 (London, 1906), Vol. 3, p. 466]

February 17, 1246
Power to the same Nicholas and R. to receive the said Mereduk to the said peace on condition that he quiteclaim to the king the four commotes which he holds and which belong to the castellany of Kardigan, and the king will help him to acquire six commotes, to wit, the four commotes which Mailgun holds beyond the pass of Aron, in exchange for the said four commotes, and the two commotes wherof Mailgun disinherited him, and he shall have one and the king the other.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1232-1247 (London, 1906), Vol. 3, p. 474]

August 30, 1246
Power, until Michaelmas, to Nicholas de Molis to conduct Maylgon son of Mailgon to the king.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1232-1247 (London, 1906), Vol. 3, p. 486]

September 13, 1246
Presentation of Master Laurence de Sancto Martino to the church of Lampeternmaur, in the king's gift by reason of his conquest of the lands of Mailgun son of Mailgun in South Wales, directed to the bishop of St. Davids.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1232-1247 (London, 1906), Vol. 3, p. 488]

November 4, 1246 De perdonacione.—Henricus Dei gracia rex Angl' etc. Resio Luring', Ricardo filio Simonis, et Radulfo le Lorimer, salutem. Sciatis quod perdonavimus Johanni Luring' decem marcas quas nobis debuit pro decem marcatis victualium quas cepit de warnestura castri nostri de Kaermerdin ad sustentandum pueros suos dum fuerunt in prisona Mailguni filii Mailguni; et ideo vobis mandamus quod predictum Johannem de predictis decem marcis quietum esse permittatis.
[Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry III. AD 1242-1247 (London, 1916) Vol. 5, p. 482]

November 25, 1246
Notification to all bailiffs and lieges that the king has taken into his grace and to his homage and fealty Mailgon son of Mailgon, and has granted to him of his grace two commotes in the county of Kaerdigan, to wit, the commote of Genneyrglyn and the commote of Yscoeyt, which (quod) Mereduc son of Owen, once held: and it is commanded to all to Inflict no loss, impediment or grievance on the said Mailgon, or any of his who keep themselves in the king's place, but to permit him to hold the said two commotes in peace. At Clarendon.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1232-1247 (London, 1906), Vol. 3, p. 493]

August 20, 1248
Appointment, during the pleasure, of Robert Wallerand to the keeping of the castles of Kaemerdin and Kaerdygan with issues of the lands belonging thereto and of the lands late Mailgun son of Mailgun; and grant to him of 40l a year by the hand of the sheriff of Gloucester out of the issues of the county of the same place; directed to the tenants of the honor of the said castles and of the lands.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1247-1258 (London, 1908), Vol. 4, p. 25]

March 19, 1249
Power to Griffin son of Wenhunwin to conduct to the king Mereduc son of Maylgun and Howel son of Cadwathan, who wish to come to the king’s peace, until Midsummer.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry III. AD 1247-1258 (London, 1908), Vol. 4, p. 38]

July 1252
De Mailgon filio Mailgon.—Rex Mailgon filio Mailgon, salutem. Quia in recessu latoris presencium consilium nostrum penes nos non habuimus, vobis super fine nobiscum faciendo pro terra a nobis petita ad presens certum dare non potuimus responsum, set ad diem, quem nunciis vestris, quos ad nos post Pascha proximo preteritum pro eodem negoscio destinastis, prefiximus, vobis super hoc racionabiliter respondebimus. Teste ut supra.
[Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry III. AD 1251-1253 (London, 1927) Vol. 7, p. 232]

September 4, 1257
Rex comiti Glouc' salutem. Sciatis nos et Edwardum filium nostrum cum comitiva nostra sanos fuisse apud Gannok' in recessu presentium portitoris, de vobis scire prospera peroptantes, ubi navigium et victualia nostra tam Anglie quam Hibernie a die Dominica proxima post festum beati Bartholomei, quo die ibidem venimus, usque hunc diem Martis proximum post decollacionem beati Johannis expectavimus, patriam illam diversemodo destruendo et castrum nostrum de Gannok muniendo. Et quia sufficiens navigium ad transfretandum cum gente nostra alicubi, prout exigencia tanti negocii necessario requirit, adhuc non habuimus et tempus instat yemale nimis appropinquans, quod voto et voluntati nostro obviat et repugnat: de concilio procerum et magnatum nostrorum, in Angles' ad presens non dirigimus gressus nostros: set manucepimus, tam nos quam predicti magnates nostri, quod in festo Pentecostes proximo futuro, paratis rebus, victualibus et navigio ac comitiva gentium aggregata [erimus] (fn. 2) vita comite apud Cestr' in Angles' cum magno conamine progressuri. Ceterum de labore et de diligencia vestra apposita ad gravandum hostes nostros gracias vobis referimus ampliores et de hoc similiter quod vires apposuistis ad trahendum ad pacem nostram Mereducum filium Resi prout ex vestrarum serie litterarum intelleximus, bene contenti sumus, et placet nobis quod sub bona forma veniat ad pacem nostram volentes et liberaliter concedentes quod idem Mereduk, dum [tamen] de eodem fidelitatis certitudinem habeamus, habeat de dono nostro et Edwardi, filii nostri, commortium de Agwennenit de terris Mereduki filii Oweyn, et commortium de Perver' de terris Resi Wachan; et quia nobis datur intelligi quod commortium de Menvenit, quod idem Mereduk exigit, non est de terris Mereduki filii Oweyn, set dominicum nostrum et Edwardi filii nostri, veluti quod recuperavimus in alia guerra super Maylgon et hactenus usque ad [hanc ?] guerram extitit in manu nostra et ejusdem filii nostri, consilium nostrum non permittit quod illud commortium eidem Mereduk ad presens concedamus [donec] ad pacem nostram venerit et in servicio nostro et dicti filii nostri bene et laudabiliter se gesserit: tam nos quam idem filius noster de aliis terris Resi Wachan per consilium vestrum talem ei faciemus curialitatem quod bene et racionabiliter tenebit se contentum; unde de predictis duobus commortiis de Agwennenit et de Perver mittimus vobis tam litteras nostras quam dicti filii nostri eidem Mereduko filio Resi patentes confectas inde; precipimus tam nos quam idem filius noster Nicholao de Molis quod predictum Mereduk in forma predicta ad pacem nostram admittat. Teste apud Gannok' [iiij.] die Septembris.
[Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry III. AD 1256-1259 (London, 1932) Vol. 10, p. 482]

Note: War with Mailgon son of Mailgon.

November 2, 1281
Dated at Westminster. To Thomas, bishop of St. Davids and Robert de Tybotot. Whereas the king has appointed Walter de Hopton and his fellows to hear certain contentions and complaints between the prior of Llanthony Prima in Wales and Theobald de Verdun, and to enquire the truth as to them, and to certify the king concerning them, as contained in his letters to them: as the king wills that Thomas and Robert or one of them shall intend the premises with them, he orders them or one of them to be present at a certain day and place to be provided by Walter and his fellows for this purpose. He has ordered Walter and his fellows to admit them or one of them as their fellow for this purpose, so that they shall not proceed to execute the premises without the presence of one of them.

Roll of report (aprisa) and certification made in Wales, 9 Edward I, by Thomas, bishop of St. Davids, Reginald de Grey and Walter de Hopton, appointed for this purpose, by the oaths of knights and other free men of divers cantreds as to what laws and customs the Welsh ought to be ruled and justiced by (deduci).

January 30, 1280/81
Certificate and report (aprisa) made at Mongomery by the on Thursday after the conversion of St. Paul, in the same year (9 Edward I) by the same Englishmen.

Tuder ap Madooc formerly bailiff of Gery and of Halsete, being sworn, says that he saw that Howel ap Cadewathlan, Madoc ap Mailgun and Meuric Barrah took judgment for slaying William de Mora by an appeal made for his death in the time of King John before him and his justices at Bruges by an inquisition of the country and they were hanged, wherefore they were disinherited by the judgment, but at the instance of their friends their children recovered out of the king's hands the land pertaining to them by inheritance, to wit at the instance of Griffin ap Wenh[unwen] and Thomas Corbet.
[Calendar of various Chancery Rolls: Supplementary Close Rolls, Welsh Rolls, Scutage Rolls preserved in the Public Records Office, AD 1277-1326 (London, 1912), p. 190, 205-206]

February 5, 1280/81
Certificate and report (aprisa) made at Lampadarvavr on Wednesday after the Purification, in the same year (9 Edward I).

Ysairon: The land of Griffin son of Mereduk.
Traheren ab Philip (Phi'), being sworn and examined, says that all the pleas and all the suits were wont to be adjudged by the court, and he says that in the county of Cardigan there is no judge but the lord and the court. Being asked if he ever saw a plea moved between the magnates, he says no, but he says that he saw that Llewelyn carried away wilfully from the sons of Mereduc ap Oweyn three commotes of land, to wit Gueneurglyn, Creudyn and Comot Perveth, and he gave the land to Res ab (sic) Waygham son of Res ab Mechegun (sic). Being asked if he had seen many pleas among the magnates, he says no, except on the confines of lands in the manner of a parliament.

Further of the report (aprisa) and certificate taken at Lampadarvavr.

Mevenniz.
Howel son of William, being sworn and diligently examined, says that the laws and customs in his parts are thus, to wit if any one demand land against another, the tenant may make three defaults, and after three defaults the tenant ought to have three summons testifioatory, so that when the tenant comes to court and the demandant claims the land against him, it will behove the tenant to answer upon the principal plea and all the court will judge between them, so that he to whom the court shall adjudge the land shall have the land, and he says that litigation is not carried on in any other way (non litigatur per aliam viam). He also says if a Welsh baron (baro) demand land against another Welsh baron, he ought to demand it before the king or his justice, and the truth ought to be enquired by their peers, Welsh barons, not suspected by either party. Being asked if he has seen such proceedings (litigatum) between any persons, he says yes, to wit between Mereduk ap Oweyn and Mereduc ab Rees in a plea of a bridge over Tevy at Appar; also, between ‘Rees Vaghan son of Rees Amelgun', on one side, and the son of Mereduk ab Oweyn in the time of Llewelyn before Llewelyn himself [and] it was proceeded as far as possible, but [the suit] was not adjudged by reason of the supervening war.
[Calendar of various Chancery Rolls: Supplementary Close Rolls, Welsh Rolls, Scutage Rolls preserved in the Public Records Office, AD 1277-1326 (London, 1912), p. 207-208]

February 3, 1289/90
The Wife of Rees (Resi) ab Maylgun
[Cardigan] Extent made at Caron before the abbot of Whiteland (Alba Landa) and Peter Lof, of land in Pennarth which she had of the king's gift for life, Tuesday before the Purification, 18 Edw. I.
Pennarth. There is no manor there nor site of a manor, nor demesne lands. There are 1¼ Westwa held by tenants rendering 66s. 8d. rent of assize, and a water-mill. And the tenants pay 13s. 4d. yearly for food (potura) of one serjeant by the custom of the country, and the same for one groom and horse for the half year. Leyrwytes of women are worth 5s., and pannage 2s., and the tenant’s ought to carry timber for maintaining the lords' castle, and go in the king's army when summoned, as others of the country do.
[Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Edward I (London, 1906), Vol. 2, p. 848, no. 793]

March 26, 1296
To the sheriff of Northumberland. Whereas the king, on 18 August last, ordered Hugh Gubioun, then sheriff of that county, to cause the ten Welsh hostages whom the king ordered to be conducted by him to Baumburgh castle and to be delivered to the constable thereof, to have 4d. a day each for their wages for their maintenance until otherwise ordered, and their wages are in arrear for the time when Hugh was sheriff, as the king learns: the king orders the sheriff to pay to them the arrears of their wages for the time aforesaid, and to pay to them such wages henceforth until otherwise ordered.
To the sheriff of Northumberland. Order to pay to Rhys (Reso) ab Maylgon and Canan ab Mereduth, Welshmen, and their groom, who are in Baumburgh castle, the arrears of their wages for the time when Hugh Gubyoun was sheriff of that county and for the sheriff's own time, to wit 3d. a day each for Rhys and Canan and 2d. a day for the groom, and to pay them such wages henceforth until otherwise ordered. At Wark.
[Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward I. AD 1288-1296 (London, 1904), Vol. 3, p. 476]
April 4, 1296
To the sheriff of Northumberland. Whereas the king, on 26 March last, ordered the sheriff to pay to the ten hostages that he caused to be taken by Hugh Gubioun, late sheriff of that county, to Baumburgh castle, to be delivered to the constable of the castle for safe custody, the arrears of their wages of the time when Hugh was sheriff of that county and for his own time, and to pay to them the same wages, to wit 4d. a day each, for their maintenance until further orders; and the sheriff has done nothing in the matter as yet, at which the king is surprised and annoyed (nec inmerito movemur): the king orders him to cause the hostages to have the arrears of their wages aforesaid for the time aforesaid, according to his previous order. This he must not omit to do if he wish to escape damage, or he must signify to the king his reason for deferring to execute his order aforesaid.
To the sheriff of Northumberland. Like order concerning the king's order of 26 March to pay to Rhys ab Maylgon and Canan ab Mereduth and their groom, in the castle aforesaid, the arrears of their wages.
[Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward I. AD 1288-1296 (London, 1904), Vol. 3, p. 478]

April 26, 1296
To the sheriff of Northumberland. Whereas the king has many times ordered him to pay to Rhys ab Maylgon and Canan ab Mereduth, Welshmen, and to their groom, who are in the castle of Baumburgh, the arrears of their wages for the time when Hugh Gubyoun was sheriff of that county and for the sheriff's time, and to pay to them their wages until further orders, and the sheriff has done nothing in the matter as yet, as the king learns, at which the king is surprised and annoyed. He orders the sheriff to pay out of the issues of his bailiwick, to wit from the issues of the lands that belonged to men of Scotland or from elsewhere, to Rhys and Canan and to their groom the arrears of their wages aforesaid. This the sheriff must not omit to do if he wish to avoid grievous damage. At Berwick-on-Tweed.
[Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward I. AD 1288-1296 (London, 1904), Vol. 3, p. 479]

October 4, 1296
To the sheriff of Northumberland. Order to receive from the constable of Baumburgh Rhys (Resum) ab Maylgon, Canan ab Mereduth, and Mailgon ab Res, Welshmen in that castle, and to cause them to be taken under safe-conduct to the castle of Newcastle-on-Tyne, and to cause them to be kept there safely without irons, as the king has enjoined upon him by word of mouth, and to cause them to have their wages from Michaelmas last, to wit 3d. a day each and 2d. a day each to two grooms serving them, until further orders, and to cause Rhys, Canan and Maylgon to have 20s. each and each of the grooms 6s. 8d. for their robes for the present year.
[Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward I. AD 1288-1296 (London, 1904), Vol. 3, p. 493]

June 28, 1307
Grant by Edward I, for life, to Rees Mailgun of 10 marks of rent, which John de Lythegraynes granted in fee simple to the king, in Dalton by Baynton, co. York. By K. on the information of the treasurer. At Caldcoats.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edward I. AD 1301-1307 (London, 1898), Vol. 4, p. 530]

December 4, 1307 To the sheriff of Norfolk. Order to pay to Patrick de Polesworth, a Scotch prisoner, Rhys (Resus) brother of Malgon, Griffin his brother and the son of Rhys ap Mereduk, Welsh prisoners Norwich castle, at the rate allowed them in the late king’s time.
[Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward II. AD 1307-1313 (London, 1892), Vol. 1, p. 12]

May 8, 1308
To the sheriff of Norfolk. Order to pay to Patrick de Polesworthe, a Scottish prisoner, Rhys (Reso) brother of Malgon, Griffin his brother and the son of Rhys ap Mereduk, Welshmen, in the castle of Norwich, the arrears of their wages as were wont to receive them in the time of the late king, and continue to pay the same.
[Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward II. AD 1307-1313 (London, 1892), Vol. 1, p. 33]

November 11, 1309
Grant by Edward I, for life, to Rees Mailgun of the yearly rent of 10 marks in Dalton near Baynton, co. York, formerly granted by John de Lythegraynes, to the late king, who granted them to him for his good service, but of which by reason of the king's death had not obtained seisin. At Burstwick.
Writ de intendendo directed to the men of Dalton near Baynton.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edward I. AD 1307-1313 (London, 1894), Vol. 1, p. 198]

January 29, 1310
To the sheriff of Norfolk. Order to pay to Patrick de Polesworth, a Scottish prisoner, Rhys (Reso) brother of Mailgon, Griffin his brother and the son of Rhys ap Mereduk, Welshmen, in the prison of Norwich, the arrears of their wages from the time of his appointment, and to continue to pay the same.
[Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward II. AD 1307-1313 (London, 1892), Vol. 1, p. 191]

June 9, 1318
Insperimus and confirmation of diver’s charters to the abbot and monks of St. Mary’s Cumhir, including:
Charter of Henry III confirming to the all lands, which they hold of the gift of Mareduc son of Mailgun and other, Dated at Bruges 1 June 16 Henry III.
Grants by Gwenwynwyn son of Oweyn Kynelant, by Jorverth Bichan and by Mailgin son of Rees.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edward II. AD 1317-1321 (London, 1903), Vol. 3, p. 163]

April 10, 1319
To the treasurer and barons of the exchequer. Order to allow to Robert Baygnard, late sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, such wages for Rhys (Resus) brother of Malgon, Griffin his brother, and the son of Rhys ap Mereduk, Welshmen then staying in Norwich castle, and for their keeper and also for their robes, linen cloths, and shoe-leather, and other necessaries as were allowed to preceding sheriffs.
[Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward II. AD 1318-1323 (London, 1895), Vol. 3, p. 65]

November 10, 1320
Insperimus and confirmation of diver’s charters to the abbot and convent of Stretflur, including:

Letter patent, dated 27 May, 13 Edward I, by which that king inspected and confirmed a charter of Henry II dated at Winchester, confirming the grant of Rees son of Griffin.
Charter of Mailgun son of Rees, sometime prince of South Wales, dated at Stratflur, XI Kal. February, 1198.
Charter of Rees son of Rees, dated at Stratflur, 19 Kal. January, 1198.
Charter of Rees son of Griffin son of Rees the Great (magni), dated in the year 1202; witnesses, Matilda, his mother, Rees son of Riderch and others.
Charter of Mailgun, the younger, son of Mailgon son of Rees, prince of Suthwalles; witness, Mailgon son of Rees, Morgan son of Rees, M. archdeacon of Kardigan, David then prior of Stratflur, Itellus, the monk and Dyermith, lay brother of the same house.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edward II. AD 1317-1321 (London, 1903), Vol. 3, p. 527-28]

February 8, 1328
Grant for life to Hugh Tregonan, yeoman of the chamber, of that rent of ten marks in North Dalton which Rees Mailgon, now deceased, had for life by gift of the late king. At York.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edward III. AD 1327-1330 (London, 1891), Vol. 1, p. 230]

August 12, 1333
Writ de intendendo directed to the good men of North Dalton in respect of the 10 marks of rent in their town which Rees Mailgon, deceased, had by grant of the late king and which the king has granted, for life, to Hugh Treganon, yeoman of his chamber. At Knaresborough.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edward III. AD 1330-1334 (London, 1893), Vol. 3, p. 465]

March 20, 1340
The writ to the justices by Edward III. The inquisition taken by virtue of the writ before Rees ap Gruffyth, supplying the place of the justice of South Wales, at Kermerdyn, on Friday, the vigil of St. Laurence the Martyr, 10 Edward III, by the oath of Jevan Vaghan ap Jevan ap Lewel Voel, Mereduc ap Jevan, Adam Donn, Gwil' ap Henry ap Kenric, Jevan ap Eynon ap Lowel, Houwel ap Griffyth Vachan, Adaf ap Gr[iffyth], David ap Meuric ap Kedyver, Aron ap Ph', Gwalter ap Eynon Goch, Houwell ap Li[ewellyn] and Jevan Loyt, who say that Mereduc ap Gourwaret, late archdeacon of Kermerdyn, in 24 Edward I. leased at farm for fifteen years to Owen ap Gruffyth then archdeacon of Cardigan, the 22 acres of land called 'le Ercedekneslond,' and because the said Owen in 25 Edward I. levied war against the king with Mailgon ap Res, lord of the commot of Generglyn (Geneur Glyn), the land was in the same year taken into the hands of the king by Robert Tiptote, justice of South Wales, by reason of his forfeiture and for no other cause, and still remain in the king's hands.And now comes before the king the archdeacon of Kermerdyn by Robert Totel, his attorney, and prays restitution of the land by virtue of the inquisition.
[Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edward III. AD 1338-1340 (London, 1898), Vol. 5, p. 553]

Note: Mailgon ap Rees, lord of Geneur Glynn in Cardigan

March 7, 1386
To Hugh Yonge the king's clerk, chamberlain of Suthwales. Order, upon petition of Master John David the king's clerk now archdeacon of Kermerdyn, to remove the king's hand and meddle no further with 22 acres of land called 'Larchedeakeneslond' annexed to the said archdeaconry from the foundation thereof; as upon the finding of an inquisition, taken in 10 Edward III before Rees ap Griff' representative of the justice of Suthwales, that in 24 Edward [I] Mereduc ap Gourwared sometime archdeacon of Kermerdyn demised the premises to Owen ap Griff' then archdeacon of Cardigan to farm for fifteen years, and not otherwise in fee, and that the same were taken into that king's hand for that in 25 Edward [I] the said Owen with Maelgon ap Rees then lord of the commote of Generglyn levied war against that king, and remained in the hands of King Edward II and of the late king, and upon a plea after moved between the late king and Griffin de Caunton late archdeacon of Kermerdyn concerning the same, Adam Fyncham suing for the king said that the said archdeacon ought not to have the premises out of that king's possession by reason of the said inquisition for that it was one taken of office, and no man ought to be put out of his freehold by virtue of such an inquisition, that the said Mereduc at the time of the demise was seised of the premises in his demesne as of fee and of right, and made that demise to the said Owen, his heirs and assigns, and that the same were in the king's hands by reason of Owen's forfeiture, and the said Griffin said that Mereduc made that demise for a term of years, and held the premises in almoin annexed to his archdeaconry, whereupon order was given to the sheriff of Hereford to summon twelve jurors at a set day before the king, at which day process was continued and the jury respited; and for that it was after found by another inquisition, taken before Robert de Scarburgh one of the justices appointed to hold pleas before the king, with whom was joined Rees ap Griff' representative of the justice of Suthwales, in presence of Philip Stoke then sheriff of Kermerdyn suing for the late king and of the said Griffin, that the said Mereduc when he made the demise to the said Owen was seised of the premises in almoin in right of his archdeaconry as annexed to the archdeaconry, as were all his predecessors time out of mind, and had no other estate therein, and the jurors being asked whether the demise was made to the said Owen in fee, for life or for years said that it was for a term of fifteen years, and that the said Owen had no other estate therein, it was determined that the said Griffin should recover his seisin thereof against the late king, saving that king's right when he would make a cause thereupon, and command was given to the justice of Sutwales or his representative to give the said Griffin seisin, as appears by the record and process exemplified under the great seal at his request, and now before the council by virtue of a writ of privy seal; and the complaint of the now archdeacon shews that, although the said Griffin was seised of the premises as aforesaid, and continued his seisin all his life, after his death the ministers of the prince the king's father seized the same into his hands by colour of the said forfeiture; and the king reckons his father's seisin thereof insufficient, and his own possession of no force.
[Calendar of Close Rolls, Richard II. AD 1385-1389 (London, 1921), Vol. 3, p. 57]

Note: Geneur-Glynn, Generglyn [co. Cardigan], lord of. See Maelgon.







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