Albert Sidney Dix and Isadora Nicoles Dix
Albert Sidney Dix

Born:   September 01, 1863, Midway AL
Married:   Isadora (Nicoles) Dix, June 18, 1888
Died:   December 27, 1910, Macon GA
Buried:   Riverside Cemetery, Macon GA

The first child of  Alexander Franklin & Helen "Nellie" (Beach) Dix, Albert Sidney Dix, "Bert", was born on September 1, 1863 in Midway, Alabama, in what was then Barbour County.  Several large counties were divided into smaller counties during reconstruction.  As a result, Midway is now in Bullock County, AlabamaAlexander Franklin Dix (AFD), had come to Alabama from the Buffalo-Niagara, New York area at the request of Alexander's first cousin (on his mother's side), Edward Milton Butterfield, to join him in teaching school there in 1859. 

[The city of Buffalo's name was not taken from the animal of the same name; rather, it is claimed to have been named after its location at the origin of the Niagara River. Beau fleuve is French for "beautiful river".]

Apparently, Alexander liked the South.  He went back to New York to marry Helen "Nellie" Beach on January 02, 1861, then returned to Midway with his new bride, to resume his career and start their family.  Shortly after returning to Alabama however, the War Between the States began.  It must have been quite a struggle of conscience with so many of their New York relatives siding with the Union Army, but Alexander decided to enlist in the Confederate Army on May 12, 1862.  During his stint in the CSA, he served under General Albert Sidney Johnston.  When AFD's first born son came along on September 1, 1863, he named him after his admired general.

On March 19, 1865, Bert got a little brother -- William Beach Dix, "Will", then a couple of years later, a little sister Hattie Lillis  "Dimple" Dix on April 18, 1867.  AFD was discharged and paroled from the Confederate Army on April 9, 1865, so obviously, some furloughs were allowed.

Submitted by Russell Dix Whigham

The first child of Alexander Franklin Dix and Helen Beach with notation: 

"Albert Sidney Dix, Midway Alabama, December 10, 1866. 
Age 3 years, 3 months, & 9 days"

Submitted by Martha Whigham Picardy

This photograph must have been made about the same time, but there is no date or name with it.


These are the earliest known photographs of ASD. 

On April 18, 1869 (Dimple's second birthday) AFD was ordained as a  minister at the Midway Baptist Church and later pastored at Enon Baptist Church .  On October 10, 1869, Nellie Butterfield  "Daisy" Dix was born. 

On June 14, 1871, Mary Belle "Dollie" Dix born.  AFD & NBD have demonstrated a subtle sense of humor,  nicknaming their girls with the alliterations "Dimple, Daisy, and Dollie Dix".  Tradgedy strikes the family only four months later when, at less than two years of age,  Nellie Butterfield  "Daisy" Dix died (August 22,1871).    Daisy's modest little grave marker is located in the cemetery behind the Midway Baptist Church.

We have no date, but we know that Bert was baptized by Rev. Joseph Dill * in Union Springs AL, and that ASD was eight years old when the family moved away from Union Springs, so it must have been around this time.

* The first president of the State Normal School at Troy (1887) was Joseph Macon Dill. There's a pretty good possibility that this is the same Rev. Dill who baptized ASD.  Still checking.    <>

Another clue was found in <> : "... Dill's younger brother, Rev. Jacob Smiser Dill, pastor of the Union Springs Baptist Church, agreed to assume the pastorate on March 1, 1884..."

Winchester, Tennessee 

In October of 1871, the family moved to Winchester, (Franklin County) Tennessee where AFD had accepted a position as pastor of the First Baptist Church, where he pastored from October 1871 through September 1877.  While in Winchester, AFD  taught at, and received his M.A  degree from, Mary Sharp College. There seems to be some evidence that AFD spent some time in this area of Tennessee when he was serving in the war.  From the Alabama Department of Archives and History's "Civil War Service Database".

The Midway Cadets became Company E 1st Battalion Hilliard's Legion in May 1862. I was detailed for duty in office of assistant Adjutant General of Legion, afterwards held at same duty at department headquarters of E. Tennessee until April 1864. 
Daniel Dix was born on February 12, 1873, in Winchester.  Daniel's older sisters, Dimple and Dollie (ages six and two), in their attempt to say "Daniel", could only say "Lell". The name stuck and he later adopted the name, calling himself Lell Daniel Dix throughout his adult life.

Alexander Franklin Dix Jr., called "Allie", was born on August 20,1874, followed the next year by Paul Finch Dix born on November 1, 1875.

In school years 1871-1877,  ASD and WBD were enrolled at Carrick Academy, then from 1878-80, Winchester Normal School and College in Winchester.  During this time, AFD was the pastor of the First Baptist Church in Winchester (his second call) where he remained through September, 1878 in addition to his teaching duties at Winchester Normal School and College, between 1878 and 1879 (his last year).  Also, during this time, Bert, Will, Dimple, Dollie, & Lell attended Winchester TN Carrick Academy / Winchester Normal College, through 1880.

Philo Castle Dix was born on September 24, 1878 and finally, the last of the ten children of Alexander and Nellie, Thomas Murrell Dix "Murrie", born in Winchester, Tennessee 5 on June 16, 1880.

1880 United States Census
Census Place: District 1, Franklin, Tennessee
Source: FHL Film 1255254; National Archives Film T9-1254; Page 12C

Name  Rel  Sex  Marr Race Age Birthplace Occupation  Parents Birthplace 
Alexander F. DIX Self Male M W 48 NY Baptist Minister Fa: VT Mo: NY
Nellie B. DIX Wife Female M W 40 NY House Keeping Fa: NY Mo: NY
Albert S. DIX Son Male S W 16 AL At School Fa: NY Mo: NY
William B. DIX Son Male S W 15 AL At School Fa: NY Mo: NY
Hattie L. DIX Dau Female S W 13  AL At School Fa: NY Mo: NY
Mary B. DIX Dau Female W 8 AL At School Fa: NY Mo: NY
Daniel DIX Son Male W 7 TN At School Fa: NY Mo: NY
Alexander F. DIX Son Male W 5 TN At School Fa: NY Mo: NY
Paul Finch DIX Other * Male W 4 TN   Fa: NY Mo: NY
Philo C. DIX Other * Male W 1 TN   Fa: NY Mo: NY

*  Note that under the "Rel" (Relationship) that Paul and Philo were listed as "Other" -- a catagory for adopted children or boarders.  I had the priviledge of asking Lell's daughter, Annie Goulding (Dix) Meiers about this before she died.  She just laughed and dismissed that as an census enumerator's error.  It's also obvious that the census taker visited the Dix home before June 16, when Murrie was born.

Dimple's Memories of Winchester, Tennessee from Her Journal
(Dimple writing in third person)

She was four years old and her father and mother who called each other "Frank" and "Nellie", her two brothers, Bert and Will, and her sister, Dollie, were moving to Winchester, Tenn., where her father, Rev. A. F. Dix, was to teach Latin and Greek in Mary Sharp College. Their household goods were slow coming, and they spent some weeks in a boarding house full of college girls. There the girls made much of her and continued to in the years that followed while they lived in a little house on the edge of the town on the road that led to Cowan. They taught her to say the Greek alphabet before she knew the English. They quarreled over who was to take care of her at Sunday School and Church.

The babies continued to arrive at about two-year intervals until five more boys were added to the family. She remarked to her mother on the arrival of the last one, "Seven boys and only two girls to make shirts for them."

While she was still a little girl the saving of her life by direct intervention was often told by her father. He had started to the well with a bucket in each hand. When he got to the side door something told him to put down his buckets and go to Mama's room. It was before breakfast and Mama was busy in the kitchen.

It was winter, and all the doors closed. He had not heard a sound. He hesitated, but the demand that he go to Mama's room was insistent, so he went and was met as he opened the door by a little figure in flames. She bears no scar - her hair was scorched but her little red apron with two pockets in it was a serious loss. 

There were four years between her and her sister Dollie, another sister, Daisy, having died age 2, before they left Midway, Alabama.  As a consequence, she played with her brothers - did everything they did until they were big enough to take a gun and go to the woods hunting. There her mother drew the line, "Because she was a girl."

In 1876 she remembered climbing with Bert and Will to the roof and helping fasten a big flag to the chimney because it was the Centennial. She didn't know what that was, but it called for flags on everybody's houses.

The five boys who were born in Winchester were Lell, Allie, Paul, Philo and Murrie. When Murrie was born she was thirteen years old. Between the births of Paul and Philo her mother's health was very bad. She knew later there had been a still-born boy. 

The care of Paul was almost entirely left with her, and as a natural consequence Paul was always a favorite brother.

When the Winchester Normal was organized her father was chosen one of the teachers. The Normal was at the other end of town, and there were five of us going to school, so the little home with the big locust trees in front and the row of cedars next the sidewalk that were thinned as they grew by using one as a Xmas tree every year, was rented out, and the family moved to a big old two-story house on High Street with big grounds and lots of shrubbery. A summer house with vines and all kinds of flowers was a delight to the barefoot tree-climbing child. There she first knew columbines and loves them still. The mother's health continued bad, and Philo's birth had to be an abortion to save her life. After that her health was good. 

The Winchester Normal was not the financial success they expected. They had to cut down their faculty and her father resigned because he had been the last man taken on. The family went back to the little home after two years on High Street, and her father taught in the old "Robert Donald" - originally a school for boys but at that time a mixed school.

After two years Murrie was born [06/16/1880] and her father having been made president of the William and Emma Austin College in Stevenson, Ala., the family moved to Stevenson [July, 1880] and the thirteen-year-old girl was separated from friends of ten years and the only sweetheart she'd ever had. She and Albert Marks had swung hands all the way to their French lesson before they were old enough to go to school. He would wait for her at the railroad crossing, and they'd go together to Old Man Jordan's French class. He had a class of grown-ups, a class of teenage boys and girls, and a class of little children. A native-born Frenchman and besides driving the Express wagon he kept a little shop ­fruits and candies, nuts and canned goods.

She and Albert Marks continued sweethearts 'till they were both thirteen. At that time his father was governor of Tennessee, but his family remained in Winchester. When she came back to Winchester the next summer on a visit Albert came to see her - his first date. He came on horseback in the morning to the house where she was visiting and sent in a note asking for a date that night. She gave him the date and when he came that night he had a voice like a bass drum, and she didn't know him at all!

During that summer she visited Cowan also, and went with Bert to Coosa Cave again and enjoyed it so much. Coosa Cave was upon the side of the mountain, and unless somebody was along who knew where it was, you might wander all day and never find the entrance, for bushes grew in front of the hole, and a man had to stoop way over to get in. Inside it was lovely, and she never tired of it. The college girls at Mary Sharp were allowed a holiday in Spring every year to visit Coosa Cave. The foot of the mountain was seven miles from Winchester, and the entrance to the cave only a little way up. At that time it had never been entirely explored. It may have been later, as so much attention has been given to caves in later years.

After that summer she never went back to Winchester and lost touch with all the friends of her little girl days.


Back to Alabama

In July, 1880, after their decade stint in Tennessee, the Dix family moved to Stephenson, Alabama (Jackson County)  where AFD accepted the poistion of president of William and Emma Austin College, and remained there through the end of the school year of 1883. 

Dimple's Memories of Stevenson Alabama from Her Journal
(Dimple writing in third person)

Three years were spent in Stevenson. The first year she was not in school for the reason that she had no classmates. She was reading Virgil and Anbasis and studying Algebra and Geometry, and there were no pupils in school so well advanced. So she took care of the two little boys Philo and Murrie and cleaned up the house and saw that the dinner was ready to be packed in a big basket and carried to the college by the janitor before twelve o'clock. Her father and mother also Bert and Will, sixteen and eighteen years old, were teaching. At two o'clock her mother came home, and she went to the college for her chemistry lesson and music. Her music teacher was Mrs. Alston, Cousin Lizzie to most everybody in Stevenson, and as Cousin Lizzie she became a dearly beloved friend of the entire family and the love of his life to Will. He also took music, had his lesson after school. I had mine the last period and waited for them and we went home together down the mountain. The College was built taking for granted that Mr. Rosser who owned the land between the town and the college would give them a road to it. When he was finally asked he flatly refused - told them to get there the best way they could - which meant the footpath over a spur of the mountain or two miles around his land for vehicles. He is dead now. There's a road thru, and the old college building is the Grammar school building of Stevenson.

Her first date at the age of thirteen was the occasion of a family conclave and much discussion. Of course she had been to parties with boys of her age, and to church, but this was a man of twenty-five who desired to call on this thirteen-year-old girl! Her mother cried and wished she was as ugly as a mud fence so men would let her alone. The father and brothers said "Dave's all right, let him come." So her mother tearfully helped her to dress, and she spent a pleasant evening with Dave Martin. Went for a walk in the course of the evening up to the reservoir with Bert and his sweetheart, Cissa Cotnam. The reservoir was built by the railroad for their water supply and was the water supply for the whole town and quite a rendezvous for the young people. Dave told her that night she would be safe anywhere with anybody, that her purity and innocence were a stone wall around her.

The next two years she had two classmates, Emma Russell and Ada Longacre, Ada boarding in the home and Emma living next door, so it was almost a twenty-four hour association of the three. They planned plans and dreamed dreams - had a secret society of three members - started to write a book together The Black Ghost of Elmwood - the scene laid in Mt. Vernon, Florida, of which they knew exactly nothing. Pretty good plot as stories go, but the actual writing of it was tiresome and soon abandoned.

That July, AFD and family returned to Union Springs, where he served as principal of the Union Springs Institute. 

On September 4, 1884, while still living in Union Springs, AFD preached in a revival back at his old church in Midway, and the following year on March 8, 1885, ASD's brother, William Beach Dix, following in his father's footsteps, was ordained as Baptist minister at age nineteen in Union Springs.  During this time, 1885-1886,  AFD was President of Classical Institute, Union Springs, Ala. 

Dimple's Memories of Union Springs Alabama from Her Journal
(Dimple writing in third person)

When she was sixteen the family moved to Union Springs, Ala. Her father, mother, Bert, Will, and Cousin Lizzie, all teaching in the Union Springs Institute.

Her father was a Baptist minister and had combined teaching and preaching wherever he was located. At Stevenson there was only an undenominational church, and they were glad to have a preacher of any denomination – while teaching in Union Springs he had several churches out in the country which he served in turn, and they paid the preacher in produce of all kinds - vegetables, chickens, eggs, meat, milk, butter, wood, potatoes, syrup, and some money - all of which came in handy in caring for a large family and boarders.

Tradgedy struck the family again on August 27,1886, when William Beach Dix died in his prime.  He died at home in Pine Grove, but his congregation in Albany Georgia, requested that he be buried there. 

Dimple's Memories of Will's Death from Her Journal
(Dimple writing in third person)

While in Union Springs, Will decided to be a minister and studied with his father, was ordained at 19 years of age, preached a few times to country churches and was chosen as Pastor by the First Baptist Church in Albany, Ga. Cousin Lizzie went to Dawson, Ga., to teach music. She was 15 years older than Will, had two sons and one daughter, was very lovable and attractive with a wonderful voice in her small body. You wondered how could it be. Will told the story of his love for her to his associate ministers in Albany and told them they, he and Cousin Lizzie, would abide by their decision as to whether they ever married or not. The two ministers decided against the marriage, told Will he'd have to make the choice between his love and his ministry. So they were never married, but 'twas Cousin Lizzie who held his hand as he lay dying of heart trouble, her kiss was the last that he asked for­ he was only twenty-one, and his church in Albany asked that he be buried there. 

During 1886 and 1887,  AFD Pastored Country several surrounding community churches including Midway, Fairview, Aberfoil and Liberty  as a circuit preacher.

From Ruth Dix Whigham's Red Photo Album
Bert Dix
(No date or location.  Bowler hats were in vouge around the turn of the 19th/20th century.)

Brewton, Alabama

Cousin, Ann Howell, who lives in Brewton, found the following in the book, History of Escambia County by Annie C. Waters 1993,  ISBN is 0-87152-463-5.    It tells of the building and planning for the Brewton Collegiate Institute.

A lot was on Belleville Avenue was chosen and Charles Sowell erected a fence and planted oaks.  Professor Walter R. Thompson, a Mississippian moved immediate to Brewton in the capacity of headmaster.  The building was a two story structure constructed of heart-pine lumber.  It was a private school, supported by student fees and stockholder certificates.  The Brewton Collegiate Institute opened in September 1886, and was at once accepted as a college preparatory and vocational institution, consisting of both grammar and high schools.  Prof. A.S. Dix presided over the intermediate class of males, Mrs. Kate M. Gage over the same grade of females.  Miss Annie Clay presided over the primary department and Miss Dimple Dix's domain was the music department.
Ann writes:
So... at one time both ASD and his sister Dimple were here.

When my great, great Aunt Etta died, Isadora's sister, my grandmother [Issalee], who I always called E, inherited certain items.  I went with her to Illinois to get them.  My mother [Audrey Dix (Dismukes) McLelland] died Dec. 5th, 1986 and my grandmother [ Issalee (Dix) Dismukes ] died Dec. 10th, 1986 so some of the items have come to me.

I have the china that was ordered for ASD and IND for their wedding.  It is Limoges and is hand painted.  The pattern is wild flowers but no two plates are the same, yet they all match beautifully.

I also have some books that belonged to ASD and that have his signature and the date.

One of the books from Aunt Etta is a composition book that is a record of the Magnolia Circle Literary Society that was held in Brewton, AL.  It was organized Friday evening, Sept 28th 1887.  The bylaws were written and signed by the members.  Among those are:  Albert S. Dix, Etta Nicoles, and Issie NicolesDimple is also listed as a member but did not sign the bylaws.

So....these young people were meeting once a week at various members houses during the fall and winter of 1887 and the spring of 1888.

The first meeting was held at the home of Mr. and Mrs. F.M. Nicoles. Etta was elected Secretary so all the writing in the book is in her hand. 

The following passage was typed on a 3 X 5 card by Mavis Whigham, and found with her family history information:
Albert Sidney Dix (called "Bert" by all who knew him) was teaching school in Brewton, Alabama.  There he met Francis (Frank) Marion Nicoles, building contractor, through a friend, "Mr. Lovelace". Frank Nicoles' daughters, Isadora and Etta were students at Tuskegee Female College /Alabama Conference Female College, in Tuskegee AL (later moved to Montgomery and  renamed Huntingdon College).  Albert (Bert) Sidney Dix and Isadora Nicoles were married 06/18/1888.
From Ruth Dix Whigham's Red Photo Album

A. S. Dix, E. M. Lovelace, and W. Y. Lovelace, Brewton AL

This looks like an amusement park costume portrait, but my guess is that it's not meant to be funny.  Still, it evokes a chuckle when I look at it.  The caption from the reverse side is the image on the right.

We had assumed that Bert and "Issie" were married in Brewton.  However, the Index to Marriages, Volume A, Sept. 25, 1879 - Aug. 25, 1892, Escambia, Alabama, does not include the Dixes!?  Perhaps Albert and Isadora returned to Bullock County to be married by the family patriarch, Rev. Alexander F. Dix.  We'll see this again when their first child is born.

Ed Sproles Jr.(grandson of Paul Finch and Vernon (Nix) Dix), has the AFD and NBD's family Bible which has the entry: 

"Albert S. Dix was married to Isidore [sic] J. Nicoles at Decatur Ala. June 18 1888". 
We know of no connections to Decatur at that time, but will persue this to see if it holds up.

Anderson, Tennessee

From The Alabama Baptist, June 27, 1889 pg 2 col 6, we learn that the couple had left for Anderson, Tennessee immediately after the wedding: 

From a private letter to the senior [Alexander Franklin Dix] from sister Dix [Nellie?], of Pine Grove, he extracts the following:  Our eldest son, Professor A.S. Dix, and his wife [Isadora] have come home for the summer after a year at Anderson, Tennessee. On last conference day they united with our church – the former by letter, and the latter by experience, and Mr. [A.F. ?] Dix had the pleasure of baptizing her [Isadora] ... on the first Sunday. 
Anderson, Tennessee is just across the state line from Alabama, just up the road from Stevenson AL.  The nearest large city would be Chattanooga TN.  The studio location in the photos below is pretty good evidence for these photographs being made during their year in Anderson.
Photo submitted by Frances Dix Chapman

Three months later, the couples' first child, Nellie J. Dix, was born on September 29, 1889, in Bullock County. The sequence of events during this time is unclear, as we have a photo one year later, of Nelle as an infant has "Brewton Ala." as the location of the photographers (Proctor & Coleman) studio. 

"Nellie J. Dix, aged 1 yr. 2 mo. 11 days"
(November 9, 1890)
Photo submitted by Alice Newman Shannon

Back to Bullock County

Nearly two years later, Nelle gets a baby sister. Ruth Dix was born in Postoak AL,  Bullock Co., on June 03, 1892.

Ruth was the second child of Albert Sidney Dix and Isadora (Nicoles) Dix.  Although we have no official birth record, our personal records and oral history indicate that Ruth was born in Postoak Alabama (Bullock Co).  Her father, Albert, was a school teacher when they lived in Brewton, so we can only assume that  he was still teaching when their young family moved back to the vicinity of his birth and early childhood near Union Springs  The 1895 Atlas  shows that Postoak had a Post Office.  It's now a dead town located at the intersection of Bullock County Roads 8 and 11 in southwestern Bullock County. 32°0'3"N 85°49'12"W, about 10 miles southwest of Union Springs.  Interestingly, put purely coincidentally as far as we know, there's a "Pine Grove" church shown on the General Highway Map for Bullock County there and a "Liberty Church", one of the churches mentioned among AFD's churches at Postoak. 

On October 22, 1894, the family gets a boy. Francis Albert Dix  (Buddy) was born in Fitzpatrick AL, Bullock County.  Fitzpatrick, located on Alabama Highway 110, between Union Springs and Montgomery, still exists (has its own Post Office and Zip Code, but that's about it.  I'm curious about the circumstances of the first three children all born in Bullock County, yet in different communities.  Did the family move within the county that often?

Below is a photograph of the Albert and Isadora's first three children who were born in Bullock County.  The date of the photograph below is 1896.  Once again the timeline is unclear.  The next record of the ASD family is from Butler GA.  I've found no information on the Photo Artist, F. P. Pepper.  If we could learn where his studio was in 1896, we could pin down the date of the move to Georgia a little better.

Ruth (4), Francis (2), Nellie (7), in 1896
Photo submitted by Frances Dix Chapman

From Ruth Dix Whigham's Red Photo Album

"Papa and his friends"

Obviously, that's "Bert" in the back-middle.  We don't know any of the other "friends" or exactly when this was taken.  The other portraits made at the "F.P. Pepper - Photo Artist" studio were during the time the young family was back in Bullock County.

Central Georgia

Albert Sidney Dix is mentioned in minutes of Butler, Georgia, Church Conference meetings on May 22, 1897.  We can only assume that his still teaching.  The following year, the family's fourth child, a daughter, Issalee, was born on March 24, 1898, in Butler GA. Although we don't have direct evidence for Issalee's place of birth, the location inferred from surrounding events and dates.  On February 28, of the following year, ASD is ordained in Butler GA.   Source: American Baptist Year-Book, under "Ministers Ordained in 1899".

Photos submitted by Alice Newman Shannon
 Albert Sidney Dix and Isadora Nicoles Dix -- date and location unknown

From Ruth Dix Whigham's Red Photo Album

Albert Sidney Dix
1898 at  423 Columbus St. in Montgomery? 
(See the circumstantial evidence for this date and location at Montgomery Homes.)

ASD is still in Butler GA, per the 1900 Census Microfilm records found by Lyn Simonton. Lyn & Tom also came up with the following found at Mercer University Library in Macon.  Lyn writes:

In the Rehoboth Baptist Association Minutes of October 16-17, 1900, we found in the "Statistical Report" that A.S. Dix was listed as pastor of the Knoxville Church.  He is also listed as pastor of the Benevolence Church, also in Crawford Co.  I believe many of the small country churches back then (Knoxville had 45 members, Benevolence had 29) only had services a couple of times a month, so I guess he probably alternated between the two, or held services at different times of the day on Sunday.

He must have been there for only a year or less, because he is listed in the Rehoboth Baptist Association Minutes of October 15-17, 1901 as pastor of the Perry Baptist Church, AND Houston Factory Church in Perry (Perry is in Houston Co.) as well.  This must have been a church in the mill town of Perry where he may have preached only occasionally, or possibly later in the day or evening on Sunday.  He was, again, listed in the Association Minutes of October 14-16, 1902 as pastor of the same two churches in Perry.

In 1903,  the family moved from Perry GA to Forsyth GA, where ASD served as pastor of the Forsyth Baptist Church.  Again, from Lyn's research:
In the Rehoboth Baptist Association Minutes of October 13-15, 1903, he was listed as pastor of the Forsyth Baptist Church which had 230 members, as opposed to the 170 and 51, respectively, in the Perry Churches.
Rev. A. S. Dix
Perry Ga.  Sept 25, -- Rev. A. S. Dix, pastor of the Baptist church here, has resigned and will leave next week to take charge of the Baptist church at Forsyth.  Mr. Dix has made many friends here during his pastorate of two years.
We have deduced that the  AFD family portrait was made in 1903, based on the inclusion of the youngest child, Paul and Vernon's son, Oliver Dix. 

Submitted by Martha Whigham Picardy
Dix Family Portrait, July 27, 1903

Front row, L-R:  Helen (7), Lillis (10), Nelle (14), Ruth (11), James Hall Jr.(5), Francis (9),  Elhannon Winchester "Chester" Hall (9).
2nd row (Children in laps of adults), L-R:  Nina Hall (<1), William Hall [standing] (3), Dorothy (2) , Winifred (3), and Issalee (4).
2nd row (Seated adults), L-R:  James Hall, Dimple (Dix) Hall, Alexander Franklin Dix Sr., Nellie Beach Dix, Albert Sidney Dix, Isadora Nicoles Dix.
Back row: Mary Vernon (Nix) Dix, Paul Finch Dix [holding Oliver Dix (<1)] Annie (Stakely) Dix  & Lell Daniel Dix [holding daughter Annie Goulding Dix](1), Philo Dix, Elizabeth (Hayes) Dix, Thomas Murrell Dix & Frances (Gray) Dix.

On March 20, 1904,   ASD's daughter, Dorothy born in Forsyth GA. (From her book of poerty, "Plateau Pauses and Other Poems")

(First) Baptist Church in Forsyth Georgia, as it appeared when ASD was pastor in 1903

Submitted by Eugenia B. Hobday

Dr. A. S. Dix at 2nd Baptist Church, April, 5 1907 
Macon Weekly Telegraph, published as Macon Daily Telegraph

Submitted by Lyn Siminton
First Baptist Church of Forsyth GA
The church has been remodeled.  this photo made in 2001

Ruth (Dix) Whigham, May, 1975 in front of her childhood home in Forsyth GA.

Nelle Graduated from Bessie Tift College on May 28, 1907, in Forsyth GA.  In June, the family moved to Macon, where ASD had accepted the position of  Manager of The Georgia Industrial Home.

Isadora's mother, Mary Jeniluska "Jennie" (Holipeter) Nicoles, died on August 18, 1907 and was buried at Riverside Cemetery, Macon GA. 

At age 15, Ruth Dix enrolled at Bessie Tift College Academy, in Forsyth GA for the 1907-1908 term.  Upon completion of her studies there, Ruth  continued her studies as a student at Wesleyan College, Macon GA from 1908-1910. 

The last child of the family, Eleanor (Dix) Smith, was born in Macon GA on March 13, 1909.

On April 14, 1909, the kids lose their other grandmother, Helen "Nellie" (Beach) Dix, when she died in Montgomery.  She is buried at East Oakwood Cemetery, Montgomery AL.

On November, 7, 1909, Nelle (Dix) Smith's daughter,  Nelljie (Smith) Newman, born. 

 Photo submitted by Alice Newman Shannon

Albert Sidney Dix (Standing in back), Alexander Franklin Dix, Nelljie Dix Smith, and Nelle Dix Smith (21) (holding Nelljie).  Note: Nelljie was born November 7, 1909, so the picture was made sometime in 1910. Please note that this photo has four generations of Dix family.

On November 14, 1910, ASD was called as pastor for the coming year at Roberta Baptist Church (near Knoxville GA).

Again, from Lyn Simonton:

Now, back to the listing of pastors serving the Roberta Baptist Church (this is very near Knoxville).  It states that Brother A.S. Dix was "called as pastor for ensuing 12 months" on November 14, 1910, and "accepted." This was only about six weeks before A.S. Dix's death on December 27, 1910.  I had always thought that he had pastored a church while in Macon, and it seems that I was right, although for a very short time. (Rehoboth Baptist Association Minutes of October 16-17, 1900, we found in the "Statistical Report")

Macon Weekly Telegraph 1910-05-15

Submitted by Eugenia B. Hobday

Albert Sidney Dix died in Macon GA on December 27, 1910.  He is buried Riverside Cemetery, Macon GA.  We have several disparate accounts of the specific circumstances of his death. 

Version 1:  Martha Picardy recounted that, as a teen, she was picking at a scourge of adolescents -- a pimple on her face -- in the presence of her grandmother, Ruth Dix Whigham, who  admonished her in the strongest of terms, NOT to "pick at that".  She then went on to tell Martha that her father (ASD) died of toxemia -- commonly known as blood poisoning -- as a result of picking at a bump on his face or neck that became infected.  Of course, this was long before anyone knew about antibiotics. Left untreated, the infection led to his demise.

Version 2:  Lyn Simonton writes: 

Yes, I did know how Albert Sidney died, but I wanted to add one more gruesome detail from my mother's version of his death. He not only picked at a pimple on his forehead, he picked at it with a pocket knife! It seems that I heard somewhere that his death was connected to uremic poisoning, possibly a result of the blood poisoning from the infected pimple.  Lyn
 Version 3:  From Will Allie "Billy" DIX Jr.
Pop (Will Allie "Billy" DIX Sr.) told me he stepped on a nail at the construction site and got the infection.  The doctor did not tell Granny Dix [or] anyone about this.   "Florida" Billy -- Will Allie Dix Jr.
Lyn replied: 
The letter from Billy Dix (from Florida) was interesting. I had never heard the story about Grandfather Dix (Albert Sidney) stepping on a nail at a construction site. The pimple story was the only one I'd ever heard anyone mention (my mama and Aunt Ruth, mainly). I'd love to know which one is correct. I guess the blood poisoning part still stands, however. If the doctor "never told Granny Dix or anyone else" what really caused his death, then where did Uncle Billy get the story? 
It's not unreasonable to think that "the authorities" would seek to "protect" the genteel women folk from the unseemly truth, although, either story is equally ugly unless "the nail" story would make it seem like more of an accident than the self-inflicted "knife" story.  Again I'm reminded at both the amazing accuracy and complete fallibility of  human memory.  We'll "stick" with the knife version for now, if for no better reason than consensus.  RDW

Version 4:  From Alice Newman Shannon

 Can you stand to hear another story about why or how A.S. Dix died so young?!!  I remember my Mom (Nelljie Smith Newman) telling me  that the doctors had told him to stop eating "red meat" (heart or kidney disease) and he refused to follow their directions.

Macon Weekly Telegraph, December 28, 1910
Submitted by Eugenia B. Hobday

The Macon Daily Telegraph December 29, 1910 

Submitted by Eugenia B. Hobday

Rev. A. S. Dix Laid 
to Rest Wednesday

Orphans From Georgia Industrial Home Attend Funeral in a Body

   [The gen]eral manager of the Georgia Industrial Home, was laid to rest in Riverside cemetery yesterday.

   The funeral services, which were attended by a large number of the friends and admirers of the eminent Baptist minister, were were held at the Vineville Baptist church at 12 o'clock.  All the Baptist ministers in the city attended the funeral and each made a few remarks on the life work of the beloved minister and teacher.

   The inmates of the Georgia Industrial Home attended the services in a body, and their tears mingled with those of the family of Mr. Dix.

   The services were conducted by Rev. W. H. Rich, pastor of the Vineville Baptist church, who paid a tribute to the life of Dr. Dix and the freat work that had been accoplished by him at the Industrial Home, and the churches of which he had been pastor.  The following were pallbearers:  J.O. Harris, J. A. Harris, C. D. Peavy, A. R. Willingham, J. W. Hencely and E. N. Jelks.

Transcribed by Russell Whigham

Macon Weekly Telegraph 
(published as The Macon Daily Telegraph) 
February 22, 1911

Submitted by Eugenia B. Hobday

February 22, 1911, J. A. Harris is now the General Manager of the Georgia Industrial Home.
Mrs. Albert S. Dix is listed among the Matrons and Teachers (next to bottom line).

Because the family had lived in the manager's residence of the Georgia Industrial Home, and because ASD's successor would soon be occupying the home, Isadora (and her seven children still living at home), were forced to find a new home.

Early in 1911, "Granny Dix"and family, including the widowed grandpa Nicoles who was also living in Macon at the time, moved to Montgomery at 12 Marshall Street. 

According to the 1910 Montgomery City Directory, ASD's brother, Lell and family lived at  24 Marshall St., Montgomery AL.  The 1911 City Directory, is tantalizingly missing, but the 1912 edition lists Lell at 24 Marshall St., and Isadora as "head of household" at 12 Marshall St.  I think it would be safe to assume that Lell was instrumental in helping his late brother's family relocate to Montgomery.

While in Montgomery, one-by-one,  her children completed their education, married, and moved away to begin their lives with their spouses.  In 1929, Eleanor married and moved from Montgomery to Atlanta and took Granny Dix to live with her.  From 1929 until her death in 1952, Granny Dix lived a year at a time with her children.

From Ruth Dix Whigham's "Little Black Photo Album"

(Back Row) Nell & John (Jack Jr.), Buddy, Granny Dix, Will Allie "Billy", Ruth
(On chair arms) Issalee & Dorothy
(In chair) Eleanor,  Grandpa Nicoles, and Nelle's Nelljie
(On ground)  Nelle's Etta  and Ruth's Ralph Whigham Jr.

Based on Jack Jr.'s birth, this photo must have been made in 1917-1918, before Buddy went to France.

Mrs. Abert Dix
October 14, 1917
Montgomery Advertiser,

Annual Meeting

  The 18th annual meeting of the Woman's Missionary Union, auxiliary to the Montgomery Baptist Association, will be held at the Ramer Baptist church, Thursday, October 11, from 10 to 4 o'clock.  Following is a list of delagates from the seven Baptist Churches in Montgomery:

Mrs. W. T. Hannon, superintendent; Miss Olive Rushton, sect-treasurer; Mrs. Albert Winterath, corr. sec.; Mrs. S. B. Davis, Mrs. J. M. Savage, Mrs. J. L. Cobbs, Mrs. E. W. Gay, Mrs C. A. Stakely, Miss Addie Cox, Mrs. H. E. Jacob, Mrs. W. G. Yelverson, Mrs. W. C. Bowick, Mrs. W. R. Seymore, Mrs. C. R. Howell, Mrs. J. B. Upchruch, Mrs, A. R. Goosdon, Mrs. Hugh Day, Mrs. E. T. Pittman, Mrs. R. T. Basemore, Mrs. Geo. Bayzer, Mrs. Albert Dix, Mrs. L. A. Jones, Mrs. ?. E. Smith, Mrs H. E. Wadsworth, Mrs. J. H. Wallace, Mrs. T. J. Baker, Mrs Z. E. Everett.

Delagates and visitors will leave on the 4:40 train Thursday morning over the A. C. L. and returning will reach Montgomery at 5:40 p.m.

[The characters in red are my best guesses.  Corrections welcome.  The A. C. L. must be the Atlantic Coast Line railroad.  The 4:40 departure time is based a 4:00 end to the meeting and about a one hour trip from Ramer to Montgomery.]

Submitted by Eugenia B. Hobday


L-R:  Ralph F Whigham Jr., Ralph F. Whigham Sr., Ruth Dix Whigham (holding Little Dorothy Harris), Dix Whigham, Eleanor Dix, Isadora Nicoles "Granny" Dix, Jack Smith Jr., Dorothy Dix Harris, Francis Albert Dix, Nelle Dix Smith, Audrey Dismukes (in front of Nelle) Uncle Aubrey (Aubrey Dismukes Sr.) is behind Nelle.    Nelljie Smith is standing between Aunt Nelle and Aunt Issalee.   Audrey Dismukes (in front of Nelle), Jim Dismukes, Sarah Dismukes, (in front of Nelljie) June (Aubrey, Jr.) Dismukes, and the smallest boy (may be Albert Dismukes) in front of their mom, Isalee.  (I guess Nic, Pat, and Dan were not born yet.)  On either side of Isalee, on the back row, Will Allie (Uncle Billy) and Mable Dix. The other two children on the end must be Bill and Mable's children, Ruth and Little Billy.  June 22, 1930.  Not pictured: Chiles Harris (photographer?) & Etta Smith.

[ My memory is that Dad said this was at Will Allie Dix's (Uncle Billy's) home in Cusseta, AL  I asked Will Allie Dix Jr. (rightmost in the photo above) if he could confirm but didn't get a direct answer.  He DID say his sister Ruth (next to him above) and seems to be about 4-years old) was born in Cusseta in October, 1926, so this could fit the June, 1930 timeline. RDW-8/2019]

Granny Dix with her children and her children's children. The date of these photos is also June 22, 1930.

Granny Dix seated with her children around her (Date on photo: June 22, 1930).
Standing, from L-R: Eleanor, Ruth, Francis, Dorothy, Billy, Nelle, and Isalee

Photograph submitted by Frances Dix Chapman

Family Reunion July 10, 1939 at Ruth Whigham's home in Rutherford AL

Photograph submitted by Frances Dix Chapman

Front row, Left -Right:   Reggie, Eleanor, Dix, Frances, Granny Dix, Bert, Nicky, and Pat
Back row:  Ralph Jr., Ralph Sr., Billy, Ruth, Mable, little Ruth, little Bill, Albert, Aubrey Sr., Issalee, Jim, Sara, Audrey, June, Billy, Lois, and "Son".

Photograph submitted by Frances Dix Chapman

Isadora Nicoles Dix
June, 1944

 Photograph submitted by Frances (Dix) Chapman

Isadora Nicoles Dix toward the end of her life

On March 29, 1951, Granny Dix died in Robinson Springs AL; She is buried Riverside Cemetery, Macon GA


Surviving artifacts



u-0007.jpg “On board the ‘Miami’ en route to Cape Florida, March 1925. 
Granny Dix & friend.”.  Who’s the friend? Velma?

u-0008.jpg Granny Dix and friend  sitting in front of coconut palms on same trip as in u-0007.jpg above.

u-0009.jpg “Both pictures were good.  This is the one I did not think would take.  March 1925.”  Same trip as in u-0007.jpg.

u-0010.jpg “Thursday, March 19th, 1925, Miami Beach, Fla.  ‘Uncle John’ “. 
[Who was Uncle John?  Same trip as above.]


u-0011.jpg “Miami Fla., March 1925”.  We know this is Granny Dix. Just included it with other photos of same trip.


u-0012.jpg “July 19,1918, Franklin Tenn.  For Eleanor.  The Kodak was so close to ‘Billy’ that he looks like a big-headed horse.”  
Granny Dix & friend in a horse-drawn buggy.

u-0013.jpg WWI soldier in uniform and woman in front of Model T.
[The Model T Ford was produced from 1909 until 1927. 
The Model A Ford  automobile as manufactured from 1928 through 1931.]


u-0018.jpg Granny Dix, man in white straw hat (skimmer), Woman, and WWI soldier, all standing on a wooden bridge.

u-0019.jpg Same two couples as in u-0018 but in different outfits. 
Did the widow Dix have gentlemen callers?

u-0020.jpg WWI soldier, young girl, and 2 boys with caps on Model T. 
“??? Learre???, Charles ????lon, Nov.1917”.

u-0022.jpg “Eleanor Dix, Granny Dix, Nelljie Smith & 2 soldiers.”
[Pretty sure this is at 12 Marshall St. Soldier on the right looks like the one in u-0020.jpg]

u-0017.jpg “June 9th, 1918” Woman & WWI soldier sitting on porch/steps of 12 Marshall St., Montgomery AL

u-0023.jpg Two younger couples on a porch with Granny Dix in a rocking chair. 
[The house address is “104” (just to the left of the man sitting next to Granny Dix). 
Frances Chapman has a  letter from “Velma” to Lois Dix in Atlanta with a return address of  104 Marshall St. written in 1933. 
Also see the next three photos at the same house.  I found this house in the “100” block of Marshall St.  ]


u-0006.jpg WWI soldier and woman on steps of house with double columns with stone bases. 
[104 Marshall St.]

u-0021.jpg WWI Soldier, woman, Granny Dix on steps of house with stone bases [104 Marshall St.]
Toddler girl on porch.
On rear:  ”??ard Smith, Co. D, 146 Infantry, Camp Sheridan, Jan. 1918.  Left for Camp Lee, Petersburg VA. May 21, 1918.”

u-0035.jpg “Easter Sunday, 1930”, Granny Dix and  friends in front of large block masonry house.
[104 Marshall St.]

April, 2016 view of 104 Marshall St. Now numbered "102" Marshall St.


u-0028.jpg Two women in swim suits at water’s edge,  “Now put this in the fire.  Feb. 1919”