NameRoger CONANT
Christen9 Apr 1592, E. Budleigh, Devon, England [602]
Immigration1623, Plymouth, Plymouth Co, MA [602]
Move1624, Nantasket, Plymouth Co, MA
Move1625, Cape Ann, Essex Co, MA
Move1626, Salem, Essex Co, MA
Freeman18 May 1631, Massachusetts Bay Colony [3], [1053]
Will1 Mar 1677/8, Beverly, Essex Co, MA [602]
Death19 Nov 1679, Beverly, Essex Co, MA [216]
Death MemoAged 88y 7m
OccupationSalter in London, Governor of the Cape Ann Colony 1625-1628
FatherRichard CONANT (~1548-br. 1630)
MotherAgnes Clark (1548-br. 1630)
Marriage11 Nov 1618, St. Ann’s, Blackfriars, London, England [602]
SpouseSarah HORTON
Birthabt 1600, England
Deathaft 1666
FatherThomas HORTON (~1555-<1621)
MotherCatherine Satchfield (ch. 1569-br. 1627)
1 FSarah Conant
Christen19 Sep 1619, St. Lawrence Jewry, London, England [602]
Burial30 Oct 1620, St. Lawrence Jewry, London, England [602]
2 MCaleb Conant
Christen27 May 1622, St. Lawrence Jewry, London, England [602]
Deathaft 1627
3 FSarah Conant
Birthabt 1624
Deathaft 1627
Birth1626, Nantasket or Cape Ann, Essex Co, MA [602]
Death29 Sep 1674, Beverly, Essex Co, MA [602]
Marriageabt 1648
5 MRoger Conant
Birth1628, Salem, Essex Co, MA [602]
Birth Memo1st male child in Salem
Death15 Jun 1672, Salem, Essex Co, MA [602]
SpouseElizabeth Weston
6 MJoshua Conant
Birthabt 1630
Death1659, England [602]
7 FMary Conant
Birthabt 1632, Salem, Essex, MA [501]
Deathaft 1679
SpouseJohn Balch
Marriageabt 1652
8 FElizabeth Conant
Birthabt 1635, Salem, Essex, MA [501]
Deathaft 1679
Christen24 Dec 1637, Salem, Essex, MA [501]
Death28 Apr 1722, Windham, Windham Co, CT [602], [1003]
Marriage28 Apr 1663, Connecticut [1003]
Notes for Roger CONANT
Moved to London about 1620. On 20 Jan 1619/20, with brother Chris signed Composition Bond of brother John for first fruits of Rectory of Lymington as “salter, of London”. Salters are on of the 12 guilds of London. Date of immigration unclear, but a 1671 affadavit says he had been there for 48 years, and his brother arrived in 1623 on the Ann.[ [602]] "Mr. Connant" was one of the five prominent men to receive a two hundred acre farm in the freeman's lands at the head of Bass River 25 January 1635[/6] [ STR 1:12, 19] [ [501]]

Governor of the Cape Ann Colony 1625-1628. He was to have been governor, but Endicott arrived from England with the proper charter. He was influential in the settling of both Salem and Beverly, across the river. Beverly was almost named “Budleigh” after Roger’s home parish, but the founders named it Beverly after Beverly in York. (Beverly Town History:

From the Salem, Mass, web site describing the statue of Conant in town:
According to records, Roger Conant was baptized in East Budleigh, Devonshire, England in 1592, the youngest of eight children. In 1623 he emigrated to Plymouth with his wife, Sarah and son, Caleb. However, he was uncomfortable with the strict Pilgrim society in Plymouth and moved his family to Nantasket in 1624. In the late autumn of 1625, Conant was invited by the Rev. John White and other members of the Dorchester Company to move to their fishing settlement on Cape Ann as their governor.
Still looking for more favorable conditions for a settlement, he led a group of people to Naumkeag, now Salem, in 1626, and continued as their governor. In 1627 a patent was solicited from England and it was obtained by a group led by John Endicott who arrived in Naumkeag in 1628. Endicott and the other settlers of the New England Company now owned the rights to Naumkeag. Fortunately for the peaceful continuity of the settlement, Conant remained in Salem and, despite what must have been a disappointment for him, acceded to Endicott's authority as the new governor.
Conant built the first Salem house on what is Essex Street today, almost opposite the Town Market. In 1639, his was one of the signatures on the building contract for enlarging the meeting house in Town House Square for the First Church in Salem. This document remains part of the town records at City Hall. He was active in the affairs of the town throughout his life. In 1679, he died at the age of 87.
This dramatic, cloaked statue of Roger Conant faces the Salem Common and stands atop a huge boulder brought from the woods near the floating bridge at Lynn. Artist Henry H. Kitson designed this heroic bronze statue for the Conant Family Association and the statue was dedicated on June 17, 1913. (

Not all portrayals of Conant are positive - Bradford’s account of Plymouth refers to a salter “...he whom they sent to make salt was an ignorant, foolish, selfwilled fellow ... he caused them to send carpenters to rear a great frame for a large house, to receive the salt & such other uses. But in the end all proved vain. Then he laid fault of the ground, in which he was deceived; but if he might have the lighter to carry clay, he was sure then he could do it ... he could not do anything but boil salt in pans, and yet would make them that were joined with him believe there was so great a mystery in it as was not easy to be attained, and made them do many unnecessary things to blind their eyes, till they discerned his subtlety. The next year he was sent to Cape Anne and the pans were set up there where the fishing was; but before summer was out, he burnt the house, and the fire was so vehement as it spoiled...” Unless there were three salters at Plymouth (the other known salter was not sent to Cape Ann), this account refers to Roger. The more positive accounts of Roger as peacemaker may come from Hubbard’s (also contemporary) General History of New England may be traced to the fact that Conant and Hubbard were known friends and Roger may have fed him a positively spun version of events. If true, this helps one understand why someone so prominent in the settlement of Salem would take no part in the larger affairs of the colony after the 1630s.[ [501]]

Savage's: ROGER, Salem, was one of the earliest sett. of Mass. hav. been in 1623 at Plymouth, next at Nantasket, thence rem. to Cape Ann, there resid. betw. one and two yrs. and rem. to Naumkeag, a. 1627. He was s. of Richard and Agnes, br. it is said of Dr. John of the gr. Assemb. of Divines at Westminster, tho. ano. acco. makes his f. William, b. in the hundred of E. Budleigh, bapt. at the parish ch. of the same, in Devon, 9 Apr. 1593; appoint. 1625, gov., agent, or superintend. for the Dorchester project. of the planta. as Endicott, wh. supersed. him, was, 1629, for the Gov. and Comp. of Mass. bef. the com. of Winthrop the first chart. Gov. in the country. [Felt, I. 106. Hubbard, 109, 10.] Gibbs says his gr.f. John was of French, i. e. Norman, extract. his ancest. for many generat. hav. been at Gittisham, betw. Honiton and Ottery St. Mary's. He req. to be freem. 19 Oct. 1630, was adm. 18 May foll. was rep. at the first gen. Ct. of Mass. 1634, d. 19 Nov. 1679, in 87th yr. at Beverly (wh. he earnestly desir. to be name Budleigh). Young, Chron. 24, gives him four s. I think he had five; but even the assiduous fondness of Felt, in a Mem. of gr. dilig. filling fourteen pages of Geneal. Reg. II. has not furnish. complete fam. acco. His abstr. of the will, made 1 Mar. 1678, refers to s. Exercise and childr.; s. Lot's ten ch.; John, s. of Roger; Joshua C. whose f. may have been John, or Roger; [[vol. 1, p. 441]] ds. Elizabeth C. prob. never m.; Mary, wh. had been wid. in 1662, of the sec. John Batch, now w. of the sec. William Dodge, and her five ch.; Sarah, and her ch. John and four ds.; a Rebecca C. whose f. may have been either of the s. John, or Roger; beside cous. Mary, w. of Hilliard Verin, but whose d. is unkn.; Adoniram Veren, and his sis. Hannah, with her two ch. and three ds. of his cous. James Mason, dec. and it is equally unkn. wh. she was. Of Exercise, perhaps the third s. b. at Cape Ann, a. 1636, bapt. 24 Dec. 1637; Joshua; and Lot, above, is all that is kn. to me; John was of Beverly ch. 1671, prob. d. bef. his f.; Roger, the first b. ch. at Salem is spok. of next. His w. was Sarah, but neither h. nor w. unit. early with the ch.
Will notes for Roger CONANT
Estate of Roger Conant of Salem
Essex Probate Docket # 6172

At Salem Court, 25:9:1679. The Last will and testament of Roger Conant, dated the 1st of the 1 mo. [March] 1677.
I roger Conant aged about eightie five yeares, being of perfect understandin though weak and feeble in body, doe hereby declare my will and minde wherein in the first place I doe bequeath my soule vnto God that gaue it & my body to the graue, in hope of a blessed resurection: & for my outward estate and goods,
I giue vnto my Sonne Exercise one hundred and fortie acres of Land lyeing neer adjoining vnto the new towne of Dunstable a part of two hundred acres granted me by the General court: also I giue & bequeath vnto him ten acres of Land next adjoining vnto his p'sont home lott and land Lying by the side of william Dodgeses his land, and butts on the land of thomas Herrick: also I give him two acres of marsh at the south end of the grat pond by whenham, or if my daughter Elizageth Conant will exchange to have soe much at the great marsh neer wenham: also I give him my swamp at the head of the railes which is yet undivided betwixt me and Benjamin Balch adjoining vnto william Dodgeses swamp: also I giue him my portion of land Lying by Henry Haggats on wenham side: toward the discharge of such Legassis as I have given & bequeathed: accordin as is hereafter sett down.
more I giue vnto my grandchild John Conant sonne of Roger Conant ten acres of Land adjoing to his twenty acres by the great pond side he paying twenty pounds for the same towards the payment of gegassis as after mentioned.
more I giue vnto my grandchild Joshua Conant seaventeen acres of Land Lying by the south side of the great marsh neer wenham and bounding unto the land of peeter woodbery: and the rest to return to my Executor.
also I giue vnto my Daughter Sarah two acres of Land lying between the gead of the railes and Isaac Hull his ground as part of six acres betwixt me and Benjamin Balch: this to her and her children.
also sixtie acres oif Land out of my farm granted me by the General Court neer the new town of Dunstable I giue and bequeath unto the hands of Capt Roger Clap of the castle neer Dorchester for the use of a daughter of one mrs. pitts deceased whose daughter now Liueth in culleton a towne in Devon in old England and is in lue for certaine goods sold for the said mrs. pitts in London and was there to be paid many years since but it is alleaged was neuer paid and the aforesaid capt clap to giue a discharge as theire atturney according as he is impowered and intrusted in theire behalfe:
furthermore as lagacies I doe giue vnto my sonne lott his ten children twenty pounds to be equally divided: to my daughter Sarahs Children to John five pounds to the foure daughters fiue pounds betwixt ym: to my daughter Mary Dodge to herself fiue pounds and fiue pounds to her fiue children equally divided: to Exercise his children foure pounds betwixt them: to Adoniron Veren three pounds to his sister Hannah twenty shillings and her two children each ten shillings: to my cozen Mary Veren wife to Hillier veren three pounds as also three pounds unto the daughters of My Cozen Jane Mason deceased to be divided amongst them including Loue steevens her children a share:
my wearing apparell I giue and household implements not otherwise disposed of and my Gray horse and cattle to my sonn Exercise and sheepe I giue to Rebacka Connant my grandchild and one sheep to Mary Leach:
and whereas there remains in my hands a certain portion of cattle belonging vnto one Mr. Dudeney in England and by him assigned vnto his nephew Richard Conant valued at twenty five pounds and now left in the hands of my sonne exercise Conant that there be a rendering vp of such cattle or theire valuation mentioned unto the said Richard Conant upon seasonable demand he giuing a full discharge for the same.
and further my will is that my sonn Exercise be my executor to my will and Testament and for further help in seeing these things forementioned my sonne william Dodge and my grandchild John Conant Senior to be overseears of the same.
In witness whereof I haue haere vnto sett my hand the day and yeare aboure written. The blotting our of part of a line and a whole line under the part was before signing hereof.

The mark X of Roger CONANT his seale
John Bennet
Benjamin Balch
Sealed in the presence of the aforesaid witnesses and delivered
John Bennet
Benjamin Balch

25-9-mo 1679 Benjamin Balch and John Bennett gave oath in Court at Salem that they signed as witnesses to the within written that then the said Roger Conant declared the same to be his last will and testament and there is no later will of his that they know of

Attest Hilliard Veren Cler:

Estate Inventory
The estate of Roger Conant deceased a true Inventory there of appraised by John Rayment and William Rayment this 24th 9 mo 1679

200 acres land lying at Dunstable not improved 60-00-0
more land sold to Elizabeth Conant not paid for 40-00-0
more land 10 acres and more 10 acres 20 40-00-0
more land 23 acres 59-00-0
more two acres of meddow 10-00-0
swampy land 20s 2 acres of land 5 pounds 6-00-0
more land 1-00-0
2 cows and a horse 10 pounds cattell 15 pounds 4 sheep 1 pound 26-10-0
a bed and furniture 5 pounds wearing cloathes and linen 9 pounds 14-00-0
a chest trunk and box 20s and other things 20s 2-00-0

Sources: "Chronological History of Massachusetts",
Flyinging the Colors: Massachusetts Facts: John Clements, 1987; Tolland and Windham Counties, Connecticut Biographies - 1903; Mayflower Gedcom; LDS Ancestral File; Research of John F. Chandler and Betty I. Ralph; Conant Family in England and America by Frederick Odell Conant, M.A. - 1877;NEHGS; Pioneers of Massachusetts by Charles Henry Pope - 1900; Mainstreet Salem by Nathaniel Hawthorne; Essex Co MA Probate Records
Notes for Sarah HORTON
Sarah was from a family heavily connected to Puritan circles in England. Her father’s first wife was a Culverwell, a family which participated actively in Puritan affairs, the family remained in the parish, and one of Sarah’s half-sisters also married a Culverwell. In additon, the minister at Blackfriar’s was from a family of prominant ministers.[ [603]]

"Sarah Connant" is included in the list of Salem church members compiled in late 1636 [ SChR 6]. She was alive in November 1660 to depose about the marriage of James Bede and the widow "Ellot" [ EQC 2:265]. She is not named in her husband's will and therefore probably died before 1 March 1677/8. [ [501]]
Last Modified 7 Nov 2004Created 1 Dec 2013 using Reunion for Macintosh