Island.  Here they remained until late in autumn when about
     fourteen hundred were removed one hundred miles up the
     Hudson river to Livingston Manor, (a large tract of land
     owned by Livingston).  The widows, sickly men and or-
     phaned children remained in New York.  The orphans were
     apprenticed by Governor Hunter to citizens of New York
     and New Jersey.  Those settled on the Hudson river were
     under indenture to serve Queen Anne as grateful subjects,
     to manufacture and raise hemp to pay transportation
     charges, and sustenance charges which were ten thousand
     pounds sterling, equivalent to about $42,000.00 which had
     been advanced by a Parliamentary grant.  A supply of Naval
     stores had been confidentially anticipated from this arrange-
     ment.  The experiment proved a complete failure because of
     mismanagement.  The Germans were being unjustly op-
     pressed, became dissatisfied with both their treatment and
     situation.  Governor Hunter resorted to violent measures to
     secure obedience to his demands and in this he failed.
         One hundred and forty families, to escape the certainty
     of famishing, or starving to death, left in the autumn of
     1712 for Schoharie Valley, some sixty miles to the northwest
     of Livingston Manor.  They had no open road or horses to
     carry or haul their luggage so they loaded their goods on
     crudely constructed handsleds and drew themselves through
     the snow that was then more than three feet deep
     and still falling, which greatly obstructed their progress.
     It took them three weeks to make the trip for the way
     was through unbroken forest.  Johannes Lantz and family
     was with these pilgrims.
         Having reached Schoharia they made improvements
     upon some land that was granted to them by Queen Anne
     and for ten years they labored upon these lands and cleared
     them up and made meadows and corn fields.  This land was
     finally claimed by some citizens of Albany, and they lost
     all their labor and their land; so in the spring of 1723 they
     all left and went to Tulpehocken, some fifty miles west of
     Reading, Pennsylvania.  Johannes Lantz and family was
     with this bunch of wanderers.
         Many of the German Emigrants from Pennsylvania
     settled at Winchester, Virginia.  The Shenandoah Valley in
     the vicinity of Harrisonburg was exclusively settled by the
     Germans from Pennsylvania, prior to the year of 1746
     Lewis' history of West Virginia says that they crossed the
     Potomac River at Harper's Ferry and that when they saw