|Notes Compiled by, Walter Andrews Journal 1927
History of the Andrews Family 25, Castle Street, Hertford, England
I am quite sure that in, say fifty years time there will be some of one's descendants who wish to know something about the stock they were descended from. I am the youngest of eleven and I expect the last of my generation, so unless I commit to writing what I know, it will soon be entirely forgotten. I am writing now this second edition in 1927 and making six carbon copies. My brother William was very keen and knew a great deal of our past history. He had access to the diaries of our grandfather and father and was quite an authority. After his death my brother Robert placed a parcel in my hands containing notes which William had made and also old family letters together with snaps of family lore, intending one day to frame a history of the family. With all this history before me I am able to construct a short history from the end of the 17th century, aided also by information from letters, tomb stones and nursery lore.
Our "Macheplah" is in All Saints Churchyard, Hertford. There are buried members of the family extending over perhaps eight generations. The first of these was Thomas Andrews buried 1654 and his wife Ann buried 1664.
Tradition says that they came from Plymouth. They and their descendants were a hardy stock of Puritans and judging from the later generations we are sure they were of the good type. Sturdy men and women, and perhaps what we in these days should call of a "narrow outlook". They were out and out honest and took their stand on bible truths.
In 1620 Plymouth in Massachusetts was founded by the pilgrims who had gone over from Holland and England in the "May-Flower". Its last point of call was Plymouth where it stayed for sometime. The name of Andrews occurs on the list of those who left England at that time. Perhaps they were some relations of the above Thomas and Ann.
In the All Saints burial register for 1654 this Thomas who was buried on April 22nd is mentioned as being the son of Thomas Andrew. This Thomas Andrew the father probably came from Plymouth and died in Hertford.
Next to the Tomb of Thomas comes the tomb of William Andrews, his son. He was born at Plymouth and was married at All Saints to Elizabeth Draper, who was probably the widow of Edward or John Draper.
William carried on the business of a builder in 25, Castle Street, Hertford. His accounts for work are among the Corporation Records. He was made a freeman of the borough in 1695 and voted for a member of parliament in 1708. He died in 1713. His widow died in 1721. They had two children: William and Mary. Mary married John Phoenix 1714.
The son William was born at Hertford June 10th 1698. He carried on his father's business in Castle Street. His accounts for work appear in the Corporation Records 1750 and also in All Saints Vestry books - 1733 -. In 1722 he was made freeman of the borough. He married Jan 24th 1722 Anne Saunders---see All Saints Register. Anne was born at Hertford Nov. 21st 1705 and died Seep 25th 1767. William died Jan 1st 1757, and is buried in All Saints Church Yard.
In the old loft in the Home at 25, Castle Street, Hertford there were several large family Bibles. I am speaking now of the year, say 1863. The one which interested me the most as a boy was the family Bible of Abraham Andrews. It was customary in those days afterwards to have such Bibles presented when setting up house keeping. The Bibles themselves are gone but among those papers sent me by brother Robert is one with an exact copy of the first page of Abraham Andrews' Family Bible. It is so interesting that I give it in full.
William and his wife Anne had six children ---Abraham, John, William,
Caesar, Charles and Sarah.
Sarah was born Jan 13th 1733, and appears to have died single.
Of the others more latter on---It was ABRAHAM who succeeded to his father's business.
Copy of entry on first page of Abraham Andrews Bible :-
William Andrews my father was born on June 10th 1698... Died 1st Jan 1757: age 59
Anne Andrews, my mother was born on Nov. 21st 1705..,Died Septa 25th 1767: Age 62
And entered their solemn day Jan 24th 1722
John Fletcher, my wifes father was born Septa 6th 1668
Jane Fletcher her mother was born July 16th 1668, they entered their solemn day Cot 10th
Abraham Andrews born DEC 17th 1734
Martha Andrews born APR 7th 1734 And entered upon a day which I think the most solemn of any day on earth and the most happy for which the Almightys name be for ever praised.
William Andrews The first of our off spring a gift of god was born at 55 minutes after seven in the morning, year Cot 4th 1762 and god almighty of his infinite goodness be pleased to direct his youthful steps through this wicked world, & on Tuesday following Cot 5th 1772 he was baptized by the name of William.
Abraham Andrews, The second of our off spring a gift of God was born about six of the clock in the morning of June 6th 1764 Monday, and God Almighty of his infinite goodness be pleased to direct his youthful steps through this wicked world and on Friday following being June 9th he was baptized in the name of Abraham.... Abraham departed ( life) DEC 21st 1768 at 6.15 in ye morning
Jone Andrews, Tuesday May 5th 1766, the Lord was pleased to send us a daughter. She was born ten minutes before six in the morning. We baptized it in the name of Jone. While it lived she suffered a great deal in the flesh most part of the time and the 27th May 1766 about eight at night it departed, to him that gave (May we all depart as safe) God grant of his infinite mercy and goodness.
Martha Andrews Monday 14th March 1768 the Lord delivered my wife a second daughter fifty seven minutes after two in ye afternoon. We baptized her in the name Martha.
John Andrews, Wednesday May 15th 1771 the Lord gave us a third son, forty minutes after four in the morning. We baptized him by the name of John.
Samuel Andrews, Thursday Cot 21st 1773, at seven at night the Lord gave us a fourth son and we called his name in baptism Samuel.
Nathaniel Andrews Wednesday Aug. 30th 1775, at half past two in the morning the Lord gave us a fifth son Friday Septa 15th 1775 we baptized him Nathaniel.
Here this interesting record and history end, but there is a good deal still to tell of this Abraham. His wife came from Derbyshire, from what town I have been unable to discover. Her father was a Fletcher and both the mother and father seem to have resided in Hertford.
Of Abraham's seven children three namely Abraham, Joan or Jone and John died young and their three graves were marked by wooden tablets till 1853 when they were removed to make for our present generation vault.
The inscriptions on them were as follows----
Abraham Andrews died 21st DEC 1769 aged 4 years
Jone Andrews --- 27th May 1766 --- 22 days
John Andrews --- 24th Cot 1777 --- 6 years
Abraham was living less than seventy years before my time, so nursery legend and family stories about him would be fairly authentic. From the above record which he made in his family Bible we can gather that he was a deeply religious man and what appears extraordinary for those times, one who carried his religion into his daily life and stood as a rock when perhaps opposed by his family.
The Following are notes from John Wesley's Journal:---
Saturday, Nov. 5th 1768 About noon I preached at Hertford in the new room to a large serious congregation. The mayor's usage of Mr. Colley for preaching in the market place, with Mr. Colley's firm and calm behavior was the means of convincing Mr. Andrews who built this room at his own expense. Friday Jan 17th 1772. The usual road being blocked up with snow (I found poor children whom Mr. Andrews. kept at school were increased to about thirty boys and thirty girls) we were obliged to take a by-road to Hertford. I went in immediately to the girls. As soon as I began to speak some of them burst into tears and their emotion rose higher and higher but it was kept within bounds till I began to pray. A cry then arose which was spread from one to another till almost all cried aloud for mercy and would not be comforted.
But how was the scene changed when I went into the boys. They seemed as dead as stones and scarce appeared to mind anything that was said-nay some of them could hardly refrain from laughter. However I spoke on and set before them the terrors of the Lord. Presently one was cut to the heart, soon after another and another; and in ten minutes the far greater part of them were
little less affected than the girls had been.
Except at Kingswood I have been no such work upon children for above thirty years. I spoke exceeding plain in the evening on the narrow way that leadeth to life, but the men were widely different from the children, they were affected no so much as so many horses.
Friday December 18, 1772 I preached at Hertford. Last year there was a fair prospect there but the servants of God quarreled amongst themselves, till they destroyed the whole work so that not only is the Society no more but even the preaching is discontinued. And hence those who had no religion before are more hardened than ever. A more stupid and senseless lot I never saw than that which flocked together in the evening. Yet they listened by degrees so that at last all were quiet and as it were attentive.
Friday Feb. 13th 1775 Even at poor dead Hertford was such a concourse of people that the room would not near contain them, and most of them were deeply attentive while I explained these awful words "I saw the dead small and great stand before God".
Tuesday December 9th 1777, I visited the chief societies in Bedfordshire and Huntingdonshire and returned by Hertford where for once I saw a serious and quite congregation.
Friday November 30th 1778, I preached at noon to fifty or sixty dull creatures at poor desolate Hertford and they heard with something like seriousness....
The site of the school mentioned above and the meeting place is supposed to have been near the old Yew Tree in the garden at 25 Castle Street.
Wesley says "the servants of the Lord quarreled amongst themselves etc."
The legend which came to me in my nursery days were to the effect that Martha, Abraham's wife, was much opposed to Abraham's views and set her sons to annoy Wesley. At one time when Wesley was preaching in the timber yard from a pulpit over a saw-pit Abraham's son William, probably helped by others pulled away the floor boards and let the preacher down.
No easy time for Wesley or for Abraham
Abraham's energy did not rest in merely opening a school and teaching the children himself. When Wesley built his chapel in the City Road, Abraham had a mahogany pulpit made on the premises and presented to the authorities of the chapel. It is a two decker and according to the Georgian style. It is a solid bit of work and has some fine panels. It was with deep feelings that I his great grandchild stood in that pulpit (1921) (I wish it had been to preach) and tried to put myself back 130 years. The Communion rails and Table seem to be about the same date but I have no record of them.
On May 28th 1788 (three years before Wesley died) Abraham gave over a house at East End Green Hertingfordbury to serve as a chapel. See Nonconformity in Herts. by DR Urwick 1884......
HERTINGFORDBURY "Place of meeting certified by Protestant dissenters for Divine Worship... We whose names are underwritten being Protestant subjects have set apart the house of Abraham Andrews of East End Green in the parish of Hertingfordbury for public worship and desire the same may be registered etc.
May 28th 1788. Abraham Andrews. Thos. Wyment. Wm. Coll. Wm. Wooding
As his eldest son William was old enough to conduct his business and look after the family affairs, he decided to go to the American Colonies... Virginia and elsewhere probably intending only to make a visit. He left in 1793 riding on horseback to Broadwater in Hertfordshire accompanied by Thomas Braden one of his workmen and lads to meet the coach, the coach which was to convey him to London from which port he intended to sail. Thomas Braden returned to Hertford with master's horse and remained in the service of the son William and the grandson and great grandson the two Samuel's, Braden died about 1856. My brother Arthur, some three years ago, wrote saying that he remembered taking the weekly pension to old Thomas Braden and that one day he showed Arthur a shilling which the old man told him Abraham Andrews had given him on the day he took him to meet the coach. He had kept the shilling safe through all those years.
This sudden leaving of home and no news coming from him (Abraham) afterwards though I expect letters were received at rare intervals. It used to interest me much in my nursery and later years. To my mind there seems to be only one reason for visiting those American Colonies and the newly separated United States, and so finding an outlet for his religious fervor, and perhaps too hoping to reach some of the aboriginal tribes of Indians.
He felt it was a direct call from God, and as his namesake in Biblical times received a call from God "Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy fathers house unto a land that I will show thee" Gen. 12-1 so he in like manner replied "Here am I send me".
It was in 1923 that I wrote the beginning of the above history and in 1925 I was able to gather more interesting information about the doings of Abraham Andrews after he had left Hertford.
I found his Will in Somerset House and a document concerning the proving of the Will. Also by courtesy of the Librarian of the "Wesleyan Book Store" near the Chapel in the City Road, I obtained still further particulars of Abraham's work in America.
We now know the date of his leaving England, the ship in which he sailed, the name of the captain, the port to which he was bound, the town he settled, his work, the date and the cause of his death...........
The last Will and Testament of one Abraham Andrews late of Hertford now on the ship "Julia" bound for Norfolk Virginia, Captain Blaney, the Master.
First and principally I surrender my soul to God who gave it and all my powers in full hope and most blessed assurance of enjoying Him through all eternity.
The few remaining effects and property He has given me and which have escaped rapacious hands of this world I give and bequeath to my younger son Samuel Andrews now residing at the above named place whom I appoint as my sole executor, that is what is in his own car and possession after my funeral expenses are paid and that he be informed of my decease as soon as letters can be forwarded to England. Copy of this is enclosed in my boxes. Witness 22nd day of October 1793, Abraham. Andrews.
Next follows a proving of this Will. 30th September 1801.
On this day appeared personally Caesar Andrews of East Smithfield in the County of Middlesex, and Thomas Porter of Moorfields, Baker, and made each that they were personally acquainted with Abraham Andrews formerly of the town and county of Hertford, but late of Baltimore in Virginia in North America deceased, for many years before his death and they believe he died in the month of August 1800.
According to such knowledge and their acquaintance with him and subscribe his name and writings and work and are thereby well acquainted with his manners and character of his handwriting and subscription and having sorrowfully viewed and perused the paper writing annexed purporting to be his last Will and Testament of the same deceased, which said Will beginning thus.... "The last Will and Testament of Abraham Andrews late of Hertford" and this subscription " Abraham Andrews" they thus dispose so that they verily and in their consciences believe the whole body so ever and contents of the said will is.....
This Will was proved at London on October 7th 1801 and administration given to Samuel Andrews...
Here are some extracts from various writings...
The Methodist Memorial an impartial sketch of the lives and characters of the preachers who have departed this life since the commencement of the work of God among the people called Methodists. Charles Atmore. 1801 ( in the appendix as follows).
Abraham Andrews He was a native of Great Britain and had been a respectable member of the Methodists for about forty years. He went over to America in the year 1796, ( ought to be 1793)
and maintained great strictness of life as a Christian and ministering till it pleased God to call him to his great reward. He died in August of a bilious fever in the 66 th year of his age.
In an alphabetical list of preachers names published in New York by Nathan Magio Vol. 2 at end is... 1797 Andrews Abraham.
In a history of the Methodists by Jesse Nee. Petersburg. Virginia, Cot 28th 1809 printed in Baltimore by Magil and Clime 1810.. We read. at these conferences we took seven new circuits we took on trial upward of fifty new preachers and post thirty six of the traveling connection. Those who died were James Tollis and Abraham Andrews, Nalathel Weeks, Charles Burgess. Abraham Andrews who a native of England. He came to America 1796 ( see above) and was permitted to travel and preach among us, He died in August 1800 in the 66 th year of his age.
From the Methodist Magazine 1825 Vol. 43 page 454 we learn more about the pulpit. From the town of Hertford was presented by the last Mr. Andrews ( whose son is still living in the same town ) the very elegant pulpit and its appendages which adorn what may be termed The Cathedral of Methodism. From that pulpit many discourses have been preached by the venerable Wesley. We are looking forward with anxious hope to the time when Hertford which has thus been honored in the course of Gods providence shall be furnished with a conventional creation for the full and permanent administration of the doctrine and discipline of Methodism
From Wesleys Chapel and Home I extract them following, page 37 on December. 7th 1879 fire broke out. Which destroyed part of the gallery. The pulpit was just caught by the flames but happily that venerable relic was saved.
For a fuller account of Abraham Andrews and his doings see the separate history of Vindication of Abraham Andrews.
We now come to the brothers of Abraham Andrews the other sons of William and Anne his wife (nee Sanders).
John Andrews, the second son of William and Anne was born in August 1723 and was baptized at All Saints 11th August 1723 He married Eleanor........ who was born 1730 Eleanor died August 2nd 1766 and was buried in All Saints Churchyard where her grave stone was still to be seen in 1838 John carried on business as a builder in Holborn, London and probably died there. He left some daughters. A daughter named Eleanor married Ryder. Another daughter named Jane married Linn.
John Andrews, name appears on a large map of the county of Hertford, dated 1766, as well as on one of the town of Hertford.
The inscription on his wifes tombstone is as follows.
In memory of Eleanor the wife of John Andrews of London who departed this life the 2nd day of August Anno Domini 1766 aged 36 years.
The Clay Cold Tenant That Lies Near This Stone
Had Once Such Virtues Princesses Might Own.
William Andrews, The next the third son of William and Anne was born February 1739/1740 and baptized at All Saints Hertford 18th Feb. He married Mary.... Who was born in 1775 and died March 31st 17?? And was buried in All Saints Churchyard.
William was in business in Shoreditch as a liquor merchant, He died after 1815 and was buried in Walkern Churchyard Hertfordshire. This William left two sons Thomas and William.
Thomas Andrews, became Rector of Bredhurst Kent of which also he was a schoolmaster say from 1829 1851. His son who was named Thomas Desbourgh Andrews, was curate of Lidsing then afterwards at Bredhurst where he succeeded his father in 1851 to 1855. As a boy I remember his dining with us at 25 Castle Street. He was buried at Bredhurst.
William Andrews, The other son William was a schoolmaster at Kennington or perhaps Kensington. There were formally inscriptions at Walkern, but they could not be found in 1921.
Here is further information about Thomas the Rector He was born 1776 admitted BA Magdalen College Oxford. Visited Hertford June 28th 1806 and again with his father William July 17th . Again he visited Hertford this time with his uncle (Caesar) Jan 11th 1807. He became Rector of Bredhurst 1829 till 1851 and also schoolmaster at Rainham. The inscription on the tombstone in Bredhurst Churchyard is as follows... Rev Thomas Andrews... last incumbent of this parish. He died August 9th 1855 aged 79 years.
Also William Edward Andrews 2nd son of Thomas Andrews perpetual curate of this parish and Rachel his wife, who died 14th Feb. 1840 aged 18 years.
Also Thomas. D. Andrews B.D. Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford and son of Rev. Thomas Andrews. died 10th Dec. 1878 aged 61 years.
Caesar Andrews, The forth son of William and Anne was baptized 19th Cot 1742 at All Saints Hertford. He married (1st ) Elizabeth Farling who was born 1747 and died 4th Jan 1792. (2nd) Mary Ann... who was born 1765. And died 3rd Septa 1797. And (3rd) Phaebe Wardman, who was born 1775 and died April 11th 1813.
Caesar Andrews, died DEC 19th 1806. He and his three wives are buried at Netteswell Essex. He carried on the Business of an undertaker etc. at East Smithfield London.
He had one daughter by his first wife, her name was Francis Andrews. This Francis married (1st ) Edward Warren in 1806, who died August 30th 1812 and was buried at Netteswell. They had one child Stanhope Warren born 1806 Francis (2nd) husband was Thomas Barrett of Cable Street, St. George East London who died 13th April 1881 and was buried in the old Churchyard at Wapping.
Inscriptions on tombs in Netteswell Churchyard Essex. There are five tombstones all the same cut and standing in one row on South side of Church near Porch...
(1) John Ellis died 1791... He was probably father to Elizabeth Andrews.
(2) In Memory of Mrs. Elizabeth Andrews who departed this life 17-8 aged 35 years.
(3) In Memory of Mr. Caesar Andrews, ( it actually reads ) Mr. Ceaser Andrews, late surveyor to the parish of Aldgate, London and thirty five years a respectable inhabitant there who departed this life on the 29th of December, (actually it reads 19th December) in the year of our Lord 1806 in the 65th year of his age.
(4) In Memory of Mrs. Mary Andrews who departed this life September 3rd 1797 aged 32 years.
(5) In Memory of Mrs. Phoebe Andrews wife of Mr. Caesar Andrews, who died April 21st 1813 aged... Reader prepare to meet thy God.
On the foot stones of (2) E.A. 1872 of (3) C. A. 1806 of (4) M. A. 1797 of (5) P. A. 1813.
A note from an old letter says... Samuel Andrews to take James Ward son of Phebe Andrews of Potter Street. Near Harlow Essex. App 1808. So probably Phoebe was a Widow when she married Caesar Andrews.
Charles Andrews, the fifth son of William and Anne was baptized on 9th Feb. 1726 at All Saints Church Hertford and married Mary the daughter of Haydon Cock of Hertford.
This Mary was born 1729 and died at London 3rd June 1809.
Charles was in business as a builder at Shoreditch London and died 7th June 1800. He and his wife are both buried in (old) Shoreditch Churchyard.
The inscription on the tombstones as follows... (see No 619 on list in book of reference in the custody of the Town Clerk of Shoreditch. 1902)
Mr. Charles Andrews died June 7th 1800 age 74 years.
Mrs. Mary Andrews relict of the above died June 3rd 1809 in her 80th year. On the foot stones C. A. 1800 M. A. 1809.
Charles Andrews and Mary had three daughters...
(1) Ellen who married F. Porter. She left three sons and one daughter ..
(2) Sarah born June 1753
(3) Ann born 20th January 1745 and married Thomas Scotcher, Thomas Scotcher died January 3rd 1801 Ann died January 1829.
Here are some records connected with this generation which we call Abrahams generation.... end. It is quite impossible to follow out the branches connected with Abraham's brothers. Before we consider Abrahams children let me mention a few more details re Abrahams life which have lately come to us.
Re Abraham Andrews Centin.
From the History of the old Baltimore Conference from the Planting of Methodism in 1773 to the Division of the Conference in 1837" by James Edward Armstrong 1907.The conference was held in the parlor of Henry Williams, Pipes Creek. Frederick County Md near its birthplace Two preachers had died. Abraham Andrews an Englishman aged 64 years as a Christian and a Minister had maintained a good reputation.... Page 130.
Why was the younger son Samuel made the sole executor and why not William the eldest.
Perhaps there was more sympathy between Samuel and his father and perhaps William too had been one of the chief persecutors in the matter of John Wesley.
Also perhaps the loss of his daughter in 1793 made his home less bearable for Abraham. We know nothing about his son Nathaniel. If he were alive at the time of his fathers leaving for America he would be about 18 years. The probability is that he died previously. Yet it is strange there is no record of his death in that family bible. Neither is there of the death of his daughter Martha.
The Mayors name who treated Mr. Colley so badly was John Marky.
Re The Pulpit in City Road and the wireless... 1926. Last nights service at Wesleys chapel, City Road, London was heard at the Wesley Mission in Hastings Town. A crowded congregation followed the broadcast service with the keenest attention, standing for hymns and kneeling in prayer.
How rejoiced Abraham would have been to have known that his pulpit would thus have been used.
Position of some of the Andrews graves at All Saints Churchyard Hertford.
Eleanor William Anne Andrews
Wife of Andrews Wife of
John Andrews 1757 William Andrews
--------------- -------------- ---------------------
Susannah Andrews Vault Andrews Vault
Rider 1781 1853 1846
-------------- ------------------- ---------------
William Martha Martha
Andrews Wife of Abraham Andrews
1800 Andrews 1797 1792
The City Road Chapel.
The foundation stone was laid April 21st 1777 and the opening service was held November 1st 1778.
Monday April 21st 1777.
The rain befriended us much by keeping away thousands who proposed to be there, but there were such multitudes that it was with difficulty I got through them to lay the first stone. Upon this was a plate of brass (covered by another stone) on which was engraved. This was laid by Mr. John Wesley on April 21st 1777". Probably this will be seen no more by any human eye but will remain thus till the earth and the works thereof are burned up.
Making the stone his temporary pulpit he preached a comprehensive sermon from Numbers XXIII. 23 According to this time it shall be said, what hath God wrought.
Concerning the opening service the following is an entry in the journal. Sunday November 1st 1778 was the day appointed for opening the new chapel in City Road. It is perfectly neat but not fine. I preached from part of Solomons prayer at the dedication of the temple and both in the morning and in the afternoon (when I preached on the 144,000 standing with the Lamb) God was eminently present among this congregation.
We may be quite sure that Abraham Andrews was present in that large congregation .. He could not let an occasion pass without being on the spot. Wesley too on Friday before October 30th, was in Hertford. He says in his journal, I preached at noon to 50 or 60 at poor desolate Hertford, in the afternoon I went to London.
So we can picture Abraham going off on the Saturday and staying with his brother John in Holborne or William in Shoreditch or more probably Caesar... with whom there seems to have been a strong brotherly tie... At East Smithfield Then on the following day... The Sunday he would be present at the opening of the chapel and see his own pulpit used for the first time.
See the Vindication for further information about Abraham Andrews.
Now we turn to Abraham and Marthas children. They were William, Abraham, Jone or Joan, Martha, John, Samuel and Nathaniel.
William Andrews, the eldest was born Cot 4th 1762 and was baptized in All Saints Church Cot 5th 1762.
He succeeded to the business of his father Abraham when the latter left for America, and carried it on for the benefit of his mother in Castle Street. The mother died 1797 and William died unmarried January 3rd 1800.
His death seems to have been somewhat mysterious, for it is said that he went out to measure timber taking his gun with him. On returning through Waterford Marsh he met with an accident from his gun and was found dead in the marsh some time after.
His body was brought home and buried in All Saints Churchyard. A stone is inscribed to his memory thus...
In Memory of Mr. William Andrews who died the 3rd day of January 1800 aged 38 years.
Abraham the second son and Jone the third child and John died young, see above.
Martha Andrews, the fourth child of Abraham was born at Hertford 14th March 1768 and was baptized at All Saints, being named after her mother. She died unmarried August 24th 1752 aged 24 years, the inscription on her tomb stone is thus,
In Memory of Martha Andrews who departed this life the 24th day of August 1792 aged 24 years
Nathaniel Andrews, the youngest child of Abraham was born August 30th 1775 and baptized in All Saints September 15th 1775. Nothing more is known of him.
Samuel Andrews, the youngest child but one of Abraham (my grandfather) was a born in Castle Street, Hertford 21st October 1773 and was baptized in All Saints. He married Mary the Daughter of John and Anne Foord of Cerne Abbas in Dorsetshire.
Samuel left Hertford between 1790 and 1800 and held in 1800 a situation in Portsmouth under the government as Clerk of the Works and was employed in carrying out the building of the barracks there and also other works at Maidstone Kent and elsewhere. The town of Ryde (Isle of Wight) was then a small place containing about a dozen buildings and was accessible from the mainland only by ferry boat.
On the death of his brother William he left Portsmouth in 1800 and came to Hertford to carry on the family business, according to the diary kept by him he added to his business that of coal merchant and barge builder at the Folly Wharf, Hertford and farmed several acres of land in different parts. He was very fond of farming and took a large farm at Rush Green and another near Bramfield and Datchworh.
Prices of farming produce fell rapidly after the French wars of 1815 to 1818 and he was compelled to call together his creditors and agreed to pay them so much in the pound. After this he went on with his ordinary business and succeeded so well that he decided on paying in full the debts of those who had previously suffered by him and he inserted the following advertisement in the County Chronicle newspaper of March 26th 1822.
Samuel Andrews, begs leave to return his most grateful thanks to his friends and the public in general for the favors they have conferred on him in the building timber and coal business by whose assistance he has been enabled to meet the difficulties his connection with agriculture occasioned. Any orders they may be pleased to favour him with in the above line in the future shall have his most assiduous and punctual attention. He also requests that any old accounts (or others) to Christmas last, that have not been fully settled by him may be immediately forwarded and he will discharge them with interest. Hertford March 20th 1822.
This may be chronicled as a very creditable transaction.
He remained in the old premises at Castle Street and worked hard at his business and brought up his three children in a creditable and comfortable manner. He felt the loss of his eldest daughter... See below... It gave him great sorrow which he expressed often. From his diary it can be seen he was a man of regular habits and straightforward conduct being very diligent in his business early and late. He took long journeys in the pursuit of it either by horse or driving or by coach. He built many places in the town and county and purchasing some land in the North Crescent Hertford, built several of the houses there.
Samuel Andrews was appointed churchwarden in 1813 as notified on a board under the gallery in the Old Church of All Saints (before the fire). The inscription was... The organ repaired in the year 1813. Mosely Gillman, Samuel Andrews, Churchwarden.
Among my brother Williams papers there are several extracts made from Samuel Andrews diary which show how he kept up a connection with his uncles and cousins, and other relations.
June 28th 1806 Thomas Andrews clergyman Rainham, Kent admitted B,A. Of Magdalen Hall Oxford. He was at Hertford July 17th 1806, with his father.
Jan 11th 1807 Thomas Andrews and uncle and William at Hertford.
March 6th 1807 Ellis Tarling died, left widow and four small children.
March 1806 Fanny Warren married.
March 1806 Reuben Masters and Elizabeth was married at Hatfield about 1801.
March 1807 Nov. Ann Masters vaccinated at Hertford.
March 1807 June 19th Mr. Wyatt that married Mr. Foords sister at Hertford, Stewart to Lord James Masters apprenticed to Samuel Andrews.
June 21st 1806 Robert Foord buried his half brother James at Canterbury and came to Hertford with Jane Foord.
Nov. 15th 1806 Mrs. Foord and Ann Masters at Hertford.
Nov. 23rd 1806 Mrs. Coombs from Cerne Abbas
Sept. 10th 1809 Mr. Coombs and Hodges at Potter Street about Mary Cowards marriage settlement. Coombs and Hodges from Lenham.
Cot 20th 1809 Sarah and Ann Masters at Hertford.
Cot 31st 1809 Mary Cowards married at All Saints Church to Coombs.
April 2nd 1812 Samuel Andrews to Hhary (?) And Tewin about arrangements for Mr. Cocks funeral.
April 5th 1812 Buried him (Mr. Haydon Cock) Mr. Porter and Mr. East at Hertford.
Jan 4th 1814 Ben Coombs wife Died.
March 25th Samuel Andrews, Ben Coombs and R. Foord proved Mrs. Coombs WILL.
Samuels family were all born at 25 Castle Street Hertford, and in the adjoining yard he carried on the various branches of his business employing as many as twenty pairs of Sawyers at one time with a large number of mechanics and laborers, women and lads. Some of these employees remained in the firm for years and were generally pensioned off when too old to work.
Samuel took many apprentices and being a Freeman of the borough of Hertford was entitled to vote at Parliamentary elections. His apprentices were also Freemen when they had served their time.
Here is one of the Apprenticeship Indentures.... It is particularly interesting to me as it serves as a link to the family of Frampton. My brother Williams second name was Frampton.
This Indenture witnesseth that James Foster of Hertford now aged fifteen years by and with the consent of William Hamwood Frampton and James Alexander Frampton of the City of London Gentlemen, his guardians doth put himself apprentice to Samuel Andrews of Hertford, Timber Merchant and Freeman of the borough of Hartford. etc. In witness thereof... the 31st day of August and in the tenth year of the reign of George the Fourth ... 1829. This is signed by James Foster, WH Frampton, JA Frampton, S Andrews, and witnessed by Francis Andrews.
Samuel took much pride in his garden and orchard. Both were noted as being very productive and the walnuts which grew on the many fine trees in the orchard were noted and found a ready market in the London markets.
The premises at 25 Castle Street consisting of the large timber yard,.
The house plot and garden stretching up beyond the orchard and corn field behind with a narrow field behind called The Slip were leased from the Dinsdale Family about the year 1760 for 99 years. There were certain conditions namely the Large Carpenters shop on the right hand and the Sawyer buildings on the Left were to be kept in good repair. About 1866 they were allowed to be removed but a new large shed had to be built in their place further up the yard.
He procured from the Woolwich Dockyard two large wooden figures... figure heads of Hercules which once adorned the old wooden Man of War and fixed them in the yard opposite to the front door of the house where they were to be admired. One of these figures rotted away about 1860 and a bullet of an inch diameter was found embedded in it. The other figure was removed to the Priory Wharf in 1876 where it was destroyed by a fire in 1883.
The two iron posts which were really canon and had seen active service were fixed by him at the entrance to the yard. At that time the Front door of the house opened into Castle Street, the Hall forming part of the present lavatory, Samuel did not take much part in political affairs, but busied himself with parochial and social matters.
His only surviving son assisted him in the business and his wife and daughters helped him very much.
During the last few years of his life he suffered a good deal from gout and other complaints and in the year 1838 he gave up the management of the business to his son Samuel and retired to a house in West Street ( No 30 in 1920)
The following letter was written by Samuel to James Foster (the one mentioned above) Samuel was evidently getting his new quarter into order.
Hertford April 27th 1838.
Dear James, The chimney piece will do I think therefore I would have you get the man to pack it, and the roughest old packing case would do and get him to deliver it to the Hertford wagon at once and then we shall have it to fix directly, I will send up three pounds for you to pay for it to Stackys by the first conveyance or Samuel Andrews (his son) or some one so that when you are in the City you call and take it.
Accept my best respects to yourself and wife and believe me, Yours Truly S. Andrews.
To:- Mr. J. Foster with thanks for all trouble.
My dear James,
We were quite pleased to hear you have succeeded so well in your search for us. I assure you we have been quite glad the repairs and alterations have been in hand at this time as it affords some amusement to dear Papa now he is able to give directions although his toe will not yet allow him to venture down stairs. I think I shall surprise you when I tell you we have at last resolved to go into Robinsons house at midsummer and have already had the garden cultivated and are anxious for the time to begin to remove.
Give my love to Anne and tell her I think of taking Sarah with us as she prefers old friends to new ones, with kind love to yourself also and a kiss for little missy. Affectionately yours,
Mary Andrews. (Outside) Mr. J. Foster 10 Paris Street, Lambeth, Surrey. Hertford April 1838.
Paid and seal A (this letter is from the daughter Mary)
The firm at this time used to supply a certain wood to the Piano - Makers... Brimsmend. The Company presented a piano new in the possession of my brother Robert at Hertford and I am told it is still very good. 1927.
Samuel Andrews died May 22nd 1841 aged 68 years and was buried in the smaller of the two vaults in the All Saints Church Yard.
Now let us turn to Mary wife of the above Samuel, she my grandmother was born at Cerne Abbas in Dorsetshire. My brother John must have visited the place about 1875/1876 and was thus enabled to fill up several gaps in the Andrews tree. I (John) visited the Cerne in 1920 and was charmed with the loveliness of the place. It is an ideal village about twelve miles from Dorchester. The ruins of the Abbey add to its beauty.
I wanted to know the reason my grandfather Samuel came all the way from Hertford to find a wife. I called at the first house in Abbey Street thinking it was the Vicarage and asked for the loan of the key of the safe and permission to look at the Registers. A gentleman not the Parson volunteered to come with me. For fifteen minutes he gave me a dissertation on his own forbears pointing out their names in the books, and then for five minutes I was able to gather some names connected with the Foords . It was very interesting seeing the church which has been restored during the past fifty years. The Chancel is the same as when Samuel Andrews and Mary Foord stood there to be married. The pulpit is the same as also the font where she had been baptized.
The Foords had evidently been in Cerne a very long while. They had intermarried with the Hellyars.
There is a window in the South Ailse erected by the Foord family, having a coat of Arms.
Leaving the Church my friend told me his house was known as Foords house and was lived in by them for many years.
They had left Cerne and gone to live at Rochester. I thought it rather strange that the first house I applied was the very house where my grandmother Mary Foord had lived and from which she was married.
My friend also told me that the house opposite a very old comfortable looking mansion was known as Andrews House or rather Old Andrews House and that the lane up by the side was known as Andrews Lane that the Andrews had left Cerne many years before and that the last one used a tannery yard at the end of Tannery Lane.
There must have been some family connection between the Cerne Andrews family and the Hertford one and that may account for the reason for Samuel coming to Cerne and finding a wife there.
Just outside the Foord House are the old village stocks. I looked new with greater interest on the House where Andrews once lived. It must have been there where my grandfather stayed and perhaps did his courting with Mary who lived opposite.
One of the roads through the village is called Folly Road Samuel also his son Samuel built barges at Hertford at the Folly Wharf. Is there any connection. I am told that Folly is thought to mean Fore-ley i.e. before the low lying meadow.
Till now (1927) I have failed to find the connection between Cerne and Hertford Andrews families.
The Children of Samuel and Mary Andrews
Martha the eldest daughter was born at Hertford in Castle Street 12 Feb. 1801 and was baptized at All Saints 5th August 1807. She seems to have been a girl of much promise and very affectionate to her parents and some what accomplished but probably of delicate health.
In the Autumn of 1817 she went on a visit to Cerne Abbas to stay with some of her mothers relations (The Foords) and while taking a walk through the village they noticed a strong smell issuing from a dwelling house in which a person was lying dead. At the time, after returning to her friends house she became ill and symptoms of typhoid fever appeared and not withstanding much attention from her friends she could not recover, and died there in her sixteenth year much to the grief of her friends especially of her parents and relations, on the 13th November 1817.
Her body was brought from Cerne Abbas and was laid in the vault in All Saints Churchyard, Hertford with abundance of sorrowing time was a long while effacing.
The inscription on the vault is as follows...
Beneath this stone are deposited the remains of Martha Andrews, daughter of Samuel and Mary Andrews, who departed this life November 13th 1817 aged 16 years.
The Originals of all the following in connection with Martha are among the papers in the possession of my brother Robert Thornton Andrews. The care with which they have been preserved for so many years shows how greatly her loss was felt by her family. I think it must have been her sister Mary who took such care of and treasured up these papers.
On Thursday March 4th 1813 the day four years that my grandma died ( Ann Foord of Cerne Abbas aged 68) I had a very remarkable dream. I thought the world was to be destroyed and an Angle came from heaven for that purpose. I asked him if all the world was to be burned he answered yes, and said there was to be six hours before the last trump was to sound. I thought we all betook ourselves to prayer then I thought we were summoned before Jesus and I saw my sins written on paper, I begged very hard to get to heaven and at last I did. I was so rejoiced that it awoke Mme. M Andrews ( At this time she was 11 years old. The writing is that of quite a young schoolgirl, and not well formed. W. A..)
A Leaf out of Marthas Journal when she was 15 years
Jan 1st 1816
1st Mrs. Archer buried. Called on M Samson.
2nd At Home. Misses Muriel Gillman and Simson called.
3rd At home. M. Simson called.
4th A wet day did not go to Church.
5th Spent the day with M Simsom.
6th Drank tea at Mrs. C Simson and Mr. Simson with the ????
7th At Home.
8th At Home.
9th At home M Simson and A & E Spence called.
10th At Home M Hart called.
11th Went to church twice, M Simson drank tea with us.
12th My Birthday, At home.
13th Miss Hart, Simson, and the Spence's to tea.
14th At home.
15th At home.
16th To tea at M Simson's.
17th At home.
18th Went to Mr. Biggs Stanstead to dinner with Mr. & Mrs. Simson.
19th At home, M Simson to tea.
20th Went to Miss Canning's to celebrate the marriage of Mr. Jacob Canning.
21st At home.
22nd At home.
23rd Went to tea at M Samson's.
24th At home.
Another leaf form Marthas Journal giving an account of the first part of that visit to Cerne Abbas when she contracted her last illness.
Saturday 13th September 1817.
Left Cerne for Weymouth accompanied by Aunt Sarah (Foord) went to Dorchester in the cart and from there in a post chaise to Weymouth. Had a delightful ride as it was a very fine day. Immediately on our arrival we saw the Duchess of Wellington drawn on the sands in her wheeled chair. Walked on the esplanade in the morn but could not in the evening it being wet.
Sunday 14th August Aunt and I took a walk before breakfast and then went to church. Saw the Duke but the Duchess not there. Walked the esplanade in the afternoon with Laura and in the evening went to the Baptist meeting with Aunt.
Monday 15th Walked the esplanade with Aunt and Laura before breakfast and after that Aunt and me took our dinner with ??? and set off for a morning ramble round the rocks under the knoll dined on the great jetty. Aunt bathed, returned took our tea and took a walk on the esplanade with Laura.
Tuesday 16th Walked on the esplanade with Aunt and Laura and bathed in the machine before breakfast. After that walked through the market and went and saw the hot bathe. Took a walk on the sands and saw the Duchess drawn in her wheeled chair and the Duke riding in his military dress with his star on his breast.
In the evening went to a auction and from thence to the Methodist Chapel heard a good sermon and the cryings and groanings of a good many. Saw the Duke sitting at dinner with Mr. Banishes (?).
Wednesday 17th Set off directly after breakfast for a long walk which accordingly we took and had a very delightful view we saw of the Ocean. Saw the boat returning from taking the Duke on board the Frigate which is laying off here at his command. We crossed the ferry and went up by the fields by the Battery returning we heard of a dog to be sold and there I bought my little Tigris, off a man by the name of Boxner (?) By buck the man says it is now two months old.
Thursday 18th Aunt and I took a walk in the morning and did some errands. In the afternoon went to the auction and in the evening took a walk with Laura over the water and then on the esplanade and heard the band playing delightfully. From thence I accompanied Aunt to the Anabaptist chapel.
Friday 19th Crossed the ferry and walked up the lookout and picked some shells among the rocks. Walked the esplanade with Laura in the evening.
Saturday 20th Took a walk with Aunt in the morning and in the evening with Miss S.C. ( probable Sarah Coombs from Cerne) on the lookout.
Sunday 21st Walked to Wyke Church in the morn with Miss S.C.
The diary comes to an abrupt end here. There are still a dozen clean pages unfilled in the book. The last few lines have evidently been written hurriedly. We may presume from no further entry being made in the diary that Martha and her Aunt returned... probably to Cerne where she contracted that disease which terminated fatally November 13th.
Her Great friend Mary Simson composed the following verses on her death.
And is she gone forever gone?, and left her friends on earth
Are we no more to see that form, that face so full of mirth
So full of mirth and youthful joy, a mind devoid of care
With out a sorrow to annoy, her smiles would still appear
But vain sure all her pleasantries, her stay on earth was short
Too short alas! Her friend replies, but friends and foes are nought
Her mothers tears can nought avail, to stay the fleeting breath
The colour to the check so pale, cans be regained from death
When once his grey hand is laid, on mortal fragile frame
The debt of nature must be paid, how great so - er the name
The rich the poor alike must yield, even Kings and crowns resign
From birth the doom of man is sealed , may I prepare for mine
On youth as well as age tis plain, deaths dart alike awaits
Dear Marthas death proclaims the same, the Bible to relates
That we must our creator love, and his commands obey
Our thoughts must rise to heaven above, him praise both night and day
For tis not age alone Hell take, to dwell in realms above
Nor youth nor age will he forsake, while they deserve his love
While we keep his commands divine, nor his good laws transgress
Our breath shall joyfully resign, his Holy name shall bless
Then may we hope eternal life, in heavens high realms to share
There envy hatred malice strife, will never more appear
Twill all be harmony and love, and we dear friends shall meet
Then raised from earth to heaven above, Dear Martha will us greet.
Written by Miss Mary Simson on the death of her friend Martha Andrews, Who died on Nov. 13th 1817.
The following is on one sheet of paper written by Marthas father Samuel, evidently for an inscription for a watch... probable Marthas own watch for Miss Jane Masters ( some connection of the Foords). On one side of the paper is written Miss Jane Masters, Nov. 13th 1817"
Lines for a watch piece, The Watches Moments.
So much so valued once my lovely dear my hearts oft swelled for they with mournful tear. Thy heart now pierced with deaths so dreadful wound Lord may we meet the Trumpets sound.
See how thy moments pass, How swift they haste away in this instructive glass behold the life decay. Oh waste not then thy prime in sins pernicious road Redeem thy misspent time Aquatint thyself with God. So when they pulse shall cease Its throbbing transient play. They soul to realms of peace Shall wing its joyful way.
S Andrews. A trifling relic of his dear Lamented daughter Martha Andrews. Obit Nov. 13th 1817. To :- Miss Jane Masters.
Francis Andrews, the second daughter of Samuel and Mary was born at Castle Street the 5th April 1802 and was baptised at all Saints Church she lived with her parents and assisted into business by keeping the accounts and books until her father retired in 1838 when she commenced a series of travels in various places in England and on continent.
After her father's death she made her home at 27 West Street Hertford and often stayed away from the country for some weeks at a time. Her father left her and income which was sufficient for her requirements but as her expenditure exceeded her income she generally became reduced in circumstances. In 1851 she met a William Parfitt who commanded a steamer in which she often had journeyed and was married to him at Cardiff.
She was not very comfortable during her married life. She often visited Hertford and stayed with her sister Mary. She died at Newlyn East Lados Cornwall on the 19th May 1875. Her husband had been previously married and had one son Samuel and one daughter Mary Jane. She married a Col C. Nigura of Falmouth , and died leaving children. 5th January 1869. aged 29.
Mary Andrews the third daughter of Samuel and Mary was born in Castle Street April 5th 1804 and was baptized August 5th 1807.
She lived in Castle Street with her parents and when her father retired from business she resided with them in West Street until October 7th, 1840 when she married at all saints Church after greed Davies spun off Arthur Davies and Judith his wife of Chesterton in the county of Cambridge.
After it read Davies born 4th March 1804 was a clerk to a solicitor at Cambridge to his marriage, and then he was engaged to mess us. Powell and spent so solicitors, heart third until his death the Thatchers 18th July 52 new. He and his wife lived at 38 West Street he was buried at all saints Church are aged 48
Mary remained at No. 38 until 1853 when she removed opposite to No 27 and from 1854 to about 1860 she lived in Castle Street with her brother Samuel and his children.
She went about 1860 to reside in Villers Street near the Great Eastern Station, in apartments. Here she remained till her death November 30th, 1876. She was buried in her husbands grave.
The following inscriptions are on the Davies tombstones... sacred to the memory of Mr. Arthur Daviess who departed this life on the 11th day of April 1822 aged 55 years, also of Judith wife of the above the departed this life December 7th and 1833 aged 70 years.
To the memory of Mr. Arthur Read Davies who died July 30th and 1852, aged 48, years also Mary the widow of the above are who died November 29th and 1876 in her 73rd year and Frances Ann only sister of Arthur Read Davies who died at New Southgate Middlesex February 15th, 1890 in her 80th year. Interred in the cemetery New Southgate.
Caesar Andrews, the youngest child of Samuel and Mary was born the 22nd May 1807 and was baptised at All Saints Church August 5th, 1807. It seems that at the same time as Caesar was baptised Martha, Mary, Frances, and Samuel were also a baptised. Caesar was probably a weakly child and it may be that hes dangerous state frightened the mother Mary. Who had Anabaptist tendencies and so had delayed in having her children christened before. They were all baptised together and it appears that Caesar died directly afterwards. The date and his death being August 5th, 1807.
Samuel Andrews, the youngest child but one of Samuel and Mary was born in Castle Street October 3rd 1805. He was educated at Heles grammar school. At the age of 14 he was apprenticed to his father and learned the business. He assisted father in all his undertakings and was made a Freeman of the borough when he was 21.
In 1827 he was chosen to serve in the Militia but procured a substitute. The following document is interest in on this point.
Militia No 11 Notice to Balloted Men County of Hertford.
By the virtue of an order from the Deputy Lieutenant of the District where in the Liberty of Brickenden is situated hereby give you Samuel Andrews notice that you are chosen to serve in the militia of this county and that you are to appear at the Shire Hall Hertford, on Tuesday the 13th day of March next at 11 oclock in the forenoon of the same day before the Deputy Lieutenants of the said County to be then and there assembled to be inspected to take the oath in that behalf required and to be enrolled to serve in the militia of the said county as a private militia man for the space of five years. And for such further time as His Majesty shall remain embodied, if within the space of five years His Majesty shall order and direct the militia to be drawn out and embodied the said substitute shall also take the oath in that belief required and that in default of so doing your forfeit fifteen pounds.
Samuel Andrews, married November 21st, 1837 Maria Anne Thornton only surviving child of John and Harriet Thornton of the Whiting Works Nine Elms, London. The ceremony took place at Battersea Church amidst cong the congratulations of many really relatives and friends and after staying a few days at Windsor they came to Hertford and settled down in the old house at 25 Castle Street. Mrs. Andrews proved in every respect to be a suitable helper a to her husband, she transacted many affairs of business and took an interest in all his undertakings. She kept the greater part of his accounts, managed the books and ambits all her daily occupations she found time to tend to requirements of the family and to carry out social duties in a satisfactory and pleasant manner. She was kind to her neighbors and friendly to all. She was clever and accomplished, a good musician could play and sing well, could draw and paint particularly nicely and studied archaeology, geology, numismatics and other kindred subjects, taking a lively interest in what would improve the mind. She was very kind to those who found in her at all time a friend and was most thoughtful for the welfare of her dependants. She was the mother of 11 children who all lived to attain the age of 21, and who could look back on their early days and revere the memory of her who had been to them such an excellent example of love and integrity and had taught them by deeds and words to do their duty to God and neighbor.
She nursed her husband through many long periods of illness and often accompanied him on his journeys and was a most pleasant companion. She overtaxed her strength in an anxiety for her family and on the 19th July 1853 after a sudden premature confinement passed away on the 20th to the great grief and sorrow of her family after 16 years of married life in the 38 the year of her age.
She was born in that large brick house facing Bull Plain Hertford. She left 11 children, the youngest not being a year old.
The family vault for this generation was then constructed in All Saints churchyard, where she was buried. On the Sunday following the Reverend J W Birch Vicar of the parish and of very old friend of the family preached a sermon from the text For to me to live is Christ, to die it is gain.
The Thornton Family
Originally from Yorkshire. One of the remote ancestors of the Thornton family was Sir Walter de Mouney. He was a Baron in the time of King John and together with other barons signed a petition against the political ambition of the Pope with regard England.
Mary Annes father John Thornton had seven brothers and one sister. He had had considerable experience during the Peninsular War in the early years of the 19 century. His father Samuel Thornton contracted to supply the commissariat department of the English army with forage and on one occasion it was found necessary to pass from one county to another.
The expedient therefore was resorted to of placing John Thornton and one of his brothers in barrels and slinging them on either side of the mule. The stratagem was successful and they were carried across the frontier a in safety. John was a tall man and was pressed as a volunteer in Hyde Park in 1805 when the troops were reviewed by King George the Third and in front of him in the ranks stood a man who was very short and as the King pasted them on horseback he heard him exclaim to hes Aide- de- Camp Theres a little man, theres a little man.
In early life John unfortunate in business and tried several means of a obtaining a livelihood.
He persevered and finally established himself in business as a Lime and Whiting merchant
At Nine Elms doing a large export trade, and was very successful. He retired about 1860 to a house in Wandsworth Road where he lived to the good old age of 84 and died in 1865. His widow died in 1868 aged 75 years.
Samuel Andrews, continued to live in your old house in Castle Street and finding his family getting numerous. In 1844 he enlarged the premises and considerably altered exterior and interior. He built conservatories and took great pride in his garden. The walnut trees which had stood for so many years gradually decayed and in 1858 all the large ones were removed to make way for the younger ones. A map of the town drawn in 1766 by J Andrews and J Wren shows the position of the premises and the double row of walnut trees in the orchard and top field.
He seems to have been of a robust constitution and enjoyed good health until 1842. When on the 30th December as he was superintending in some work which was being done at the Town Hall, the scaffolding on which she was standing gave way and he and four men were badly hurt. He was laid up with an injured leg for some time and as a result of that accident, felt more or less unfit throughout the remainder of his life.
On the 11th November 1847 he was suddenly stricken with an epileptic fit which still further weakened him. This was followed in the next year by several fits and his life was despaired off for some time and it was considered not safe for him to travel alone. However by becoming a strict abstainer and vegetarian for five years he overcame the tendency to have these fits and then was enabled to indulge in ordinary food and also indulged in smoking.
This letter from Dr further revolt to John Thornton his wifes father will show up the state of Samuels health. 18, Stanley Road, Holloway. Jan 9th 1848.
I will according to your request form my opinion of your son-in-laws as state of health and moreover as I have for some years decidedly given up all lies and all approaching unto lying about my patients I will give you my candid opinion, that opinion is far from being so unfavourable as it might be under the circumstances have been, and I believe Mr Andrews might do a great deal for himself if he will implicitly obey directions especially as to diet. Not that I want to starve him, very far from it, but I wish him to abstain from wind spirits or beer at present. He is very fond of his beer. At his meals in a moderate way only. I mean, not having seen him under his attack, I was obliged to call in Mr Dickens and Mr Shillitoe , and as Mr Woodhouse also came to the consultation. We doctors were four in number.
From the two first named gentlemen the fit seemed to be of somewhat nondescript character that is neither apoplectic nor epileptic, but approaching nearest to the latter. I think when a certain state of fullness is gradually removed and when the stomach and liver and tract of bowels have been duly tended to there is a good chance of preventing the Accession of any More fits.
At the same time, has no stone should be left unturned to prevent mischief to life so valuable as his must be, we must guard against all casualties.
I have therefore requested that he will not ride out on horseback but drive and always with some with him. Indeed he should be watched the even when walking. He is to avoid walking directly after dinner, . though I dont wish him to sleep after dinner and encourage fullness. Meat at dinner and a very light supper, for a lobster supper at is a bad supper at all times, but I need not trouble you with these particulars further, which Id mention it to show you that much of the request depends on himself, and to induce you to beg, when you write that he will obey orders and not evade them in any way or degree.
From all this you will perceive that before we can form any more decided opinion as to result we must now wait, watch and see how the medicine etc. which have been ordered will act.
I do not know I can say any more at present. I ought to visit him again in a fortnight and if I do you shall hear from me again. I forgot to tell Mrs Andrews that I ought to see him soon again, when you write mention this and tell her to write to me and report progress. Many persons have had fits like Mr Andrews of such character that no decided name can be correctly given to them, but with obedient people such paroxysms have been averted and with the disobedience they have assumed A generally a decided form such as to be classed under one of our nonlogical heads. However the name is of no importance a correct treatment of it is the material point. With my kind regards to Mrs Thornton, I remain, Dear Sir, Very sincerely yours J. J. Furnival.
I do not mean to charge Mr Andrews with disobedience I have talked so much of obedience chiefly because here it is of so much importance, even if I had to recommend almost starvation, lowering Mr Andrews will not bear to any extent, I am quite aware of.
To John Thornton Esquire Nine Elms Vauxhall. ,
Samuel felt very much the loss and companionship and help of his wife and being left with he such a young family, the oldest 14 and youngest under one year, and h naturally it wanted someone to look after them and take the place of a mother. So he married for his second wife Ann Brisley, one of his cousins, daughter of John and Sarah Foord of Rochester. She was the widow of William Brisley who had died at Chatham in 1853, leaving two sons, George Andrews Brisley and William Piers Brisley.
The marriage took place at St. Dustan's in the the Strand London on September 17th, 1854. This Mrs. Brisley was very domesticated and being a mother of two children was enabled to enter the family with comfort and lent her maternal aid in rearing the young children. She was born in the 1800 January 18th and died May 3rd, 1861 and after a lingering illness. She was deeply regretted by her family and step children and her husband, all who looked upon her with filial love and gratitude. Her son William by her first husband was trained for the army and obtained an ensigney in the 4th Middlesex militia in 1856 and subsequently became Paymaster it in the Royal Artillery and died in these 46 year at Aldershot on the November 3rd and 1876 and was buried there. The mother was buried in the 1853 Andrews fault, his other son George was clerk for some years in the Great Northern Railway at various places.
Samuel remained a widower until September the 29th 1862, when he married at Rochester, Kent, Rosamund Simmons. She was accustomed to pay visits to Hertford during the second wifes life time and so all was well known to the family. She was much afflicted with deafness which did not contribute to her comfort. She was a loving wife to her husband and after his death whet to reside with her friends at Rochester when she died the 17th March 1870 she was buried in the 1853 Andrews vault at All Saints Church.
My brother William also adds the following notes re our father Samuel. He employed a large number of men in carrying on his business. When the son Robert came of age in 1859 there were as many as 100 employees feasted together in the carpenters shop in Castle Street. Besides the premises in Castle Street which were only leased, the lease after the expiring of the first 99 years, was renewed about 1866 for a further 25 years, with the option of still renewing, he purchased the Folly Wharf and in 1858 also the Priory.
In 1853 he opened a brickfield at Camps Hill, and developed the trade a brick making, till the field was worked out, under his sons and given up in 1879.
The also took a farm at Stockings, Little Berkhampstead which he held until his death, here he spent much time in agricultural pursuits of which he was very fond and the quietness of the place was very welcome to him during the last years of his life, and was a capital retreat for the children during their holidays where they could be run wild in the fields and the surrounding woods.
He was very successful man in business, always giving his time and attention to everything as required and entered into many speculations of various kinds, profitable and otherwise. He was very fond of building and improving and in 1860 he purchased the Old Cross Keys Inn in Fore Street, pulling it down and in its place building too large shops and premises much to the improvement of the street and adjoining the Corn Exchange.
He was kind to those whom he employed and when they were incapacitated from work he always allowed them weekly pensions, which in some instances were continued for many years.
He was of a charitable disposition and willing to assist struggling tradesmen and to pay for the schooling of boys at school, who otherwise would have grown up in ignorance. He would always lend a hand to help the poor and in many ways helped the deserving, being a friend to all and one to whom they could look for sympathy and substantial kindness.
He took an interest in all local matters and in everything that would benefit the town and its people. He looked upon as a man of sound judgment and common sense and a practiced man of business, at vestries and suchlike. He would take his part at public meetings and give the town his experience. In politics he was a staunch Conservative, but took very little interest in political matters and till last 10 years of his life. His landlord at one election asked him to vote contrary to his custom but he told him politely that he should not to turn his coat, as he knew his landlord had done.
In 1863 he conferred with the few leading Conservatives in the town on the question of elections of the town Councilors who for some years had been Liberals, and with him at the head a bold struggle was made with the result that in that year four Conservatives were elected to the Municipal Council and in the next few years others followed and finally the whole of the Liberals were turned out and their places filled by Conservatives.
In consideration of the trouble taken and energy shown he was chosen in 1865 to be an Alderman of the Borough which position he retained until his death. He was never a candidate for Municipal Honours. He was a promoter of the Hertfordshire Building Society ( benefit) and was appointed one of its trustees at its establishment in 1851. He was for many years a member of the Hertford Lodge of Free Masons and held the office of the Worshipful Master.
In the year 1866 his health again began to fall and he was seized by a stroke of paralysis which took away part of his speech and affected his writing. He rallied for a few months till July and then took to his bed, conscious of all that was going on and taking much interest in all the family doings. Again he was attacked by paralysis and quietly waited till the end came. His wife and children accompanied him much. A passage of scripture which was most precious to him was from Corinthian Chap 5- 21 For He hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin, that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him.
He quietly passed away about 10 oclock on Sunday evening September 9th, 1866 he left his third wife as widow to mourn him, as a kind of loving husband and his eleven children to regret the loss of an affectionate father, who to the best of his ability and brought them up cared for them and trained them usefully to fill their different spheres in life. He bequeathed to his nine youngest children sufficient for them each to have a suitable and necessary income, and to his two eldest sons he left the business and its surroundings
The funeral took place at All Saints and was attended by ten of his children (the sailor son was in China), and many friends and all his workmen and dependents with many of the inhabitants of the town who thus showed by their presence they had lost a kind friend and neighbor.
The vicar of the parish the Reverend J W Birch who had often visited him in his last illness and who had been very friendly with him all through his life officiated at the funeral and so ended the career of an industrious man of business and a loving and affectionate father. He left 11 children who could all look back and love and revere his memory.
Copy of a memorandum made by the above Samuel Andrews on a single sheet of paper.
I Samuel Andrews the son of Samuel Andrews and Mary builder Hertford,
Samuel Andrews Children, Samuel, Mary, Martha, Francis, and Caesar, to which family I belong children of Samuel Andrews and Mary Foord of Cerne Abbas, Dorset of whose family there was Robert, Sarah, Betsy, Jane, James, John Robert married Sarah and had a son and daughter by Masters. Ann Masters married John Frampton James Masters died and buried at Bath.
Who was the son of Abraham Andrews (1) and Martha buried All Saints churchyard died in America. Builder Hertford
Abraham Andrews,(1) had children, Samuel, Martha, William, John, Abraham,(2) Jone, all buried All Saints churchyard, none married by my father, Samuel
Who was the son of William Andrews and Mary, buried All Saints churchyard builder Hertford.
Who came from Plymouth. Whose son William married the daughter of widow Draper whose other daughter married Handley the shoemaker uncle to John and father to Mary Handley
Abraham Andrews (2) had brothers, William, John, Charles, Caesar.
Son(1), William Andrews, was a Liquor Merchant Shoreditch (buried Walkern Churchyard) William left two sons, Thomas Andrews, Clergyman Rainham Kent & William Andrews Schoolmaster Kennington
Son(2), John Andrews, builder Holborn, left sons and a daughter, daughter married Ryder.
Son (3) Charles Andrews, builder Shoreditch (buried in Shoreditch Churchyard) had one daughter Ellen Andrews married J. Porter, they left three sons and one daughter.
Son (4) Caesar Andrews, Undertaker East Smithfield(Buried at Netteswell Essex, he had three wives, Elizabeth, Mary Ann, and Phaebe, Left one daughter who married Warren after Barrett.
My grandfather married Martha Fletcher of Derbyshire. Charles Andrews married the daughter of Haden Cock of Hertford, whose mother was a Mrs. Nash of St. Andrews parish.
On the other side of the sheet.
William Andrews died 1757. Ann his wife 23rd September at 1767 aged 63 years, Eleanor wife of John Andrews August 2nd, 1766, aged 36 years, Martha wife of Abraham Andrews 23rd April 1797, aged 63 years, Martha Andrews her daughter died 24th August 1792, aged 24 years, Abraham Andrews 21st December, 1768, aged 4 years, Jone Andrews 27th March 1766 ,aged 22 days, John Andrews 24th October 1777, aged 6 years, William Andrews 3rd January 1800 aged 38 years,
Also on back family and ancestors.
Inscriptions on the 1853 vault in All Saints Churchyard.
To the memory of Maria Anne the most beloved wife of Mr. Samuel Andrews who departed this life the 20th July, 1853 and aged 38 years. Also Ann, the beloved wife of the above who died 3rd May 1861 and 61 years, also Rosamond widow of the above who died at Rochester Kent. March t 27th 1870 aged 58 years. Also Thomas 4th son of the above Samuel and Maria Andrews, who was drowned at sea the 17th October 1870 in his 25th year and Harriet their youngest daughter who died at New Southgate Middlesex the 20th December 1870 aged 21 years, also Maria their eldest daughter who died at New Southgate, April 12th 1881, aged 40.
Copied from the family Bible of Samuel and Martha Andrews.
All children christened at All Saints Church Hertford. Hertford 1839.
Samuel Andrews, born 3rd October 1805. 9th September 1866.
Mary Anne Thornton, born on 16th August 1815 died 20th July 1853.
married November 21st 1837 at Battersea Church Surrey by the Reverend Mr. Weddell.
The following children of the above.
No. 1. Robert Thornton Andrews. Born 21st September 1838. Christened fee for 21st November 1838. Sponsors, Mary Andrews. Robert Foord, John Ernest Thomas.
No. 2. William Frampton Andrews. Born 7th September, 1839. Christened the 4th October 1839 sponsors Mrs. Thomas, William H Frampton,. George Evans Thomas.
No. 3. Maria Anne Andrews born a 24th January 1841. died 12th April 1881. Christened 10th August 1841. Sponsors. Mrs. Thornton, Mr. & Mrs. Brisley.
No. 4. Mary Elizabeth Andrews. Born on 19th July 1842. Christened the 17th August 1842,
Sponsors her Mamma, Mrs. Sadgrove, Mr. Thornton.
No. 5. Louisa Andrews. Born the 29th November 1843. Christened 23rd December 1843. Sponsors, Mrs. Folkard, and her father and mother.
No. 6. John Andrews. Born February 15th, 1845. Christened 4th July 1845. Sponsors. Mr. Thornton and his father and mother.
No. 7. Thomas Andrews. Born 1st May 1846. Fell overboard and drowned from the Erl King off the coast of China the 17th October 1870. Christened the 23rd August 1846. Sponsors, Mr. Purchas, his father and Mrs. Thornton.
No. 8. Arthur Andrews. Born 4th February 1848. Christened 8th March 1848. Sponsors Mr. Thornton and his father and mother.
No. 9. Harriet Andrews. Born 27th April 1849. Died the 24th December. 1870 at No. 3 Lower Park Road, New Southgate. Christened June 14th, 1850 sponsors, Mrs. Bainbridge and Mr. B. and Mrs. Thornton.
No. 10. Samuel Andrews, Born 10th April 1851. Christened 4th August 1851, Sponsors, James and Mrs. Foster and his father.
No. 11. Walter Andrews. Born 26th September 1852. Christened 19th October 1852. Sponsors. Mr. and Mrs. Hitch and his father.
(Note... In the above entries after 1866 by a later hand).
From the Family Bible of Samuel and Maria Andrews. (Continue)
( the first few entries are by a later hand, probably by the daughter Mary Anne (Minnie) as also all entries on the former Page after 1866. The last four entries are probably by the Son Samuel.
Mary Elizabeth Andrews, Married October 3rd, 1860 Edward Spedding Burton.
Robert Thornton Andrews. Married 10 th May 1866 to Ellen Sarah Hitch.
William Frampton Andrews. Married the 4th December 1866 to Sarah.
Arthur Andrews. Married Edith Emma Cookson of Stowupland, Norfolk..
A. A. Married 2nd July, Caroline Le Marchand of Albury. New South Wales
Walter Andrews. married on September 25th 1878 day to Helen Patterson, of Chelford Cheshire.
John Andrews. Married on the 1st October 1879 to Evelyn Mary Hamilton of New Southgate Middlesex.
Samuel Andrews. Married 6th April 1880 Alice Emma Edwards of Putney Surrey.
I am now a drawing the near to the end of the first chapter of the Andrews History my second chapter will do with my own personal history and that of my wife and family. I shall have to leave to the younger members of the parent stem to fill up as they may wish, information connected with the members of their own respective branches.
Here let me put down what I can remember of my own brothers and sisters. Seventy odd years gives me a good wide field to travel over, and it bring matters up to date more or less.
Samuel and Maria Andrews, had eleven children thus:-
Robert Thornton. William Frampton. Maria Anne. Mary Elizabeth. Louisa. John Thomas. Arthur. Harriet. Samuel. Walter.
Robert Thornton Andrews, My earliest recollections of my brother Robert take me back to 1859 when I was seven and he had just come of age. There was great gathering of all those employed by the firm. They numbered, so I was told one hundred. A complete holiday with pay for all, and in the evening a big feast in the top room of the Carpenters shop on the right-hand side of the timber yard. The grandparents the Thorntons had come from London for it. There were speeches I remember and my father stood me on the end of the table and prompted me so that I had to make a speech the gist of which was that when I became 21 there should be another similar gathering.
Robert with his brother William went to school in Brighton at 17 Cannon place, opposite St. Margarets Church. It was a good school where the teaching was though and discipline good. It was kept by a Mr. Harris. Magic lanterns had come in and Robert was the first to have a small one and exhibit it in what is now the drawing-room at No. 25 Castle Street.
He and William and afterwards the other brothers had a play room over the saw pit. It was reached by a chicken ladder. And contained a lathe and all kinds of tools. Here they amused themselves during the holidays. The doors were covered over with used stamps.
He was always the one to take morning prayers if the father was absent. To me he has always been a second father. When I was ill at school he came to Brighton and took me home to Castle Street and on the way coddled me like a mother. He is to my mind a perfect Christian gentleman and from my earliest recollections of him most devout and consistent Christian, with Gods word as his rock. Hes now in his 89th year (1927).
William Frampton Andrews. He together with his brother Robert managed the business left to them by the father. That which he has written in the above notes about his father and grandfather with regard to business qualifications will apply even more aptly to himself. Most methodical and painstaking, working late and early and being naturally gifted with a practical common sense business head, bought the entire business to a most successful point. Where both he and Robert were able to retire and enjoy it the result of their labors. He was exceedingly generous. Many a schoolboy has been helped, many a struggling soul has been assisted and all done so quietly without outsiders knowing, his left hand not knowing what his right did. He assisted me with the expense of the university training of my youngest son. He was three times Mayor of Hertford namely a 1899, 1903, 1913. He gave most liberally to the rebuilding of All Saints Church its tower and bells.
The Reredos in the Church is in memory of his wife. A piece of land in the Ware Road for a Mission Church and also S Johns Hall were his gifts. He died November 30th, 1918.
Maria Anne Andrews (Minnie). She was to me as a mother. I owe all my training as a child to her, especially my religious training. She was only twelve when the mother died. She and her two sisters went to a school at Old Southgate, and a afterwards had a governess a Miss Boot. When she left school she threw herself into all the household duties and became much beloved by us all. Her father doting upon her. She was never strong but she was always the centre and the attraction of our home especially for us younger ones. Home was not home if she were a way. After the fathers death she with Louisa and Harriet went to live at New Southgate. Her advice was always sound and much sought after. She died April 12th, 1881.
Mary Elizabeth Andrews, Mary married Edward Spedding Burton. The bank manager at Sharples Bank Hertford October 3rd 1860. She and I were great pals and more especially after her husband died in June 1871. She would do anything for me to make me happy. She died November 17th, 1902 and is buried with her husband in the cemetery attached to All Saints Church.
Louisa Andrews, after the death of her sister Minnie Louisa came to Japan where she met the Venerable Archdeacon Bachelor D. D. and was married to him January 1st, 1884 at Tokyo in the Legation by at the Right Reverend Bishop Poole, the first Bishop of Japan. She is still hearty and strong and at this date 1927 residing with her husband at Sapporo North Japan.
John Andrews, John married Evelyn Mary Hamilton of New Southgate October 1st 1879. He was a solicitor in Fenchurch Street London. He after the death of my father, was as a father to me looking after all my affairs. After the death of his wife, he went to America and is at this date 1927. Living at Eureka Springs, Arkansas.
Thomas Andrews, Thomas was another of my pals, as a boy I was very fond of him though he was much older. He always kind and I think spoilt me rather. Seeing the book a on natural history at the railway station which took my fancy he bought it for 10 shillings and sixpence, it was not his wish to join the Sea but being young it was forced upon him. He was apprenticed to a Captain Brown who commanded the Robert Hay, a sailing vessel owned partly by my father. He served his time, took his several exams but never seem to like the life. He went several times to China and other parts and we lost sight of him for two years. He had been wrecked and then was very ill and was nursed in a hospital in Shanghai. He always spoke so highly of the sisters who nursed him. At the end of about two years, after my father had died, he walked him one day while we were having tea. I think he told us how Pirates had attacked his ship. He stayed at home for some time but was very restless, and then he joined the SS Erl King and set off for Shanghai. It was sometime in November that a newspaper from China arrived from the Captain, containing a notice of his being drowned on October 17th. His sister Harriet was then very ill, and she was not told. Early in January of the next year the Erl King arrived home and all the information we could gather was that on the morning of October 17th he had climbed up some of the rigging to do something to the ropes and had fallen off into the sea. A boat was lowered but only an arm was seen and before they could reach him he was gone. He was the only one of us seven boys who COULD NOT SWIM. We decided he must had a fit, and so have fallen into the sea.
This is a copy of his last letter to me before starting on that long last voyage, Colney Hatch. February 7th, 1870.
Dear Walter. I write to say goodbye as I am going to sea this week in Steamer called th Erl King bound for Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Yokohama and shall not have time to see you. I expect to be away 10 months. All unite with me in sending love etc., I remain your affectionate brother. Thomas Andrews.
Arthur Andrews, Arthur F.R.C.S. Qualified at St. Bartholomews London. and for a time had a practice at Stowmarket. He married Edith Emma Cookson daughter of the Rev F. Cookson of Stowupland, Stowmarket in 1875, before this marriage by reason of a serious threatening of chest trouble he was ordered hurriedly to Australia where he completely recovered his health. His second wife was Caroline Mary Lemarchard. He had a practice in Albury for many years and then retire to Sydney where he and his wife died in 1925.
Harriet Andrews, Harriet Being only a few years my senior was a great chum and entered into my boyish pranks she was educated in some school in London. In 1870 early in the year before she and her sisters left Hertford, she became engaged and was very happy. Both being very fond of each other. Suddenly he broke it off. Being influenced by some a outsider. The shock was so great that Harriet immediate fell ill. Rapid consumption set in and she died, probably of a broken heart, at New Southgate. The sisters had moved there hoping the change would be beneficial but died December 24th and 1870 she was a very good musician and could draw and paint well.
Samuel Andrews, He was married to Alice Edwards on the 6th April 1880. He died February 17th, 1919. Here and I were everything to each other. My earliest recollection of him was walking by the side of his pride and later downcast or street after the Abbey in feel. He was the dearest brother any one could have wished for. We were at school together when he helped me with many a Latin exercise and stood out for me against the bigger boys. He qualified at St. Bartholomews and had the practice at Basingstoke from which he retired shortly before the war. He gave himself under sparingly to work in the slums of London and so relieved a younger man for the war. His knowledge of the Bible was marvelous and is good memory made him an excellent teacher. It would have been impossible to earthbound a more consistent Christian. He died at Elstree quite suddenly, although always a howling from asthma, hes lost and money has been one of the most severe bits of sorrow I have ever had.
Walter Andrews, I have never found out why such a name was given to me the eleventh child Born September 26th 1852. Schools,1st Grammar School, Hertford. 2nd Wareside, Hobbs, 3rd Brighton, the same that Robert and William went to, 4th St. Johns College Cambridge. Married Helen the daughter of the Reverend D. J. Patterson of Chelford, Cheshire in 1878. Went to Japan the same year. Furlough 1887. 2nd Furlough 1902. Rector of Middleton St. George 1903. Consecrated Bishop of Hokkaido. 1909. Vicar of St. Bartholomews Chichester 1918. Vicar of St. Peters St. Leonards-on-Sea 1920. Where I now reside hale and strong with my daughter Helen Daisy hoping for another ten years of work if it be Gods will.
Walter Thornton Andrews, my son, is Vicar of Baldhu, Cornwall and has one son Robert Phelips Andrews.
Eric Leicester Andrews my youngest son is working in Japan under the Bishop McKim of the American Church, he has two sons and one daughter namely, Michael Cuthbert George Andrews, Anthony Bryan de Tabley Andrews, and Agnes Beryl Andrews
End of chapter one.