User Notes
Antigo, Wisconsin Genealogy Gopher
City of Antigo and Langlade County, Wisconsin Genealogical Research Sources

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USER INFORMATION & INDEX CONSTRUCTION NOTES
NOTE 1: INDEX COLUMNS

COLUMN 1
LAST & FIRST NAMES: Only last and first names are used. No titles such as Mrs., Dr. Father, etc were used. In the past it was a common in vogue style to only use initials for a man's given name. In the past much too often the given name of a women was never used in her obituary. It seemed like when a woman married her given name became Mrs. and her husband's given name or initials. Be aware that the newspapers misspelled many, many surnames! Except in a few special cases I used the spelling that was printed in the newspaper.


COLUMN 2
SPOUSE/S: Only first name of the last spouse is listed because the married surname is listed in column 1. Then both the given and surname of previous husbands if any are used. A question mark is used if information indicates the person was married but the name is not given in the obituary. If no marriage information is provided the column is left blank. This column is also used to name a person not married to the deceased but who the obituary says is the mother or father of the children of the deceased.


COLUMN 3
FATHER/MOTHER: The given name of father if the deceased is a male. If the deceased is female the given and surname of father then after "/" the given and maiden surname of mother if that information is in the obituary. A question mark is used for any information not in the obituary. Sometimes names of a son, daughter, brother, sister, relative, etc is used to show connection to Antigo area.


COLUMN 4
AGE: Age in years if found in the obituary or the calculated age if birth date given. Age information should always be considered APPROXIMATE! People made mistakes in reporting information to the newspaper and many times the age is just a guess. A question mark is used if the information is not in the obituary. See note 4 below.


COLUMN 5
DEATH DATE: This date should also be considered APPROXIMATE! The way the newspaper wrote when the person died many times was very confusing. I did the best I could. It was hard to figure out the death date when the paper says "last Tuesday." because you need to consider what day the newspaper was published and if they mean the current week or the previous week. Also sometimes without notice the newspaper changed the day of the week they published the newspaper. This may have caused some mistakes in calculating death dates. Sometimes the obituary came from another newspaper and there was no way of knowing how long ago it was published. You will always need to verify this death date with other sources. Sometimes a general death date was given such as "he died sometime last winter."


COLUMN 6
PUBLISHED: The date or dates news articles, death notices, obituaries, or funeral information was published in a print edition of the paper. Starting May 4, 2020 the newspaper only published print editions on Monday, Wednesday and Friday. Internet editions were updated Monday through Saturday. See Note 3 below for definition of "obituary."



NOTE 2: INDEX TYPES

Type 1: End-of-year indexes the newspapers made which they published in the last newspaper published that year.

Type 2: Indexes I made looking at every page of the newspaper for that year. If the obituary appeared on the first page of the newspaper I indicated this by a "p1" after the date.

The number after the year link in parentheses shows the total number of obituaries I found that year.

Before 1958 the newspapers did not always index the obituaries of people who did not die in the Antigo area for their end-of-year index. They only indexed the people who died in Langlade County. From my indexing experience I believe that before 1958 some of the newspapers did not index approximately 60% of the obituaries they published in the newspaper. From 1958 to the present time I have found they miss approximately 2% of the obituaries that were actually in the newspaper. This is why my indexes are the most complete and accurate that exist!

I used question marks in these six columns to show what information is missing from the obituary. The number of question marks indicate how much important information is missing from the obituary. A lot of question marks usually indicates it was either a very short news item or a very flowery obituary.



NOTE 3: OBITUARIES, OR DEATH NOTICES, OR NEWS ARTICLES

1: Around 1900 and before, what passed for an obituary sometimes might only be a very short news item such as "George Doe was found dead today at home" with no other information. I tried my best to only index news items, death notices and obituaries of people who I could determine had some type of connection to the Antigo area.

2: During the middle of the twentieth century what we call an obituary today was broken up into two or three different articles: (A) a death notice or news article, (B) a biography, and (C) an article naming those attending the funeral from out-of-town. Therefore, you may find several published dates for a person.

3: In recent years all this information is usually included in just one obituary. Also you may find a short death notice might appear on the day of death with the statement that a full obituary will be published later. If mistakes were made in the first publication a corrected obituary might appear at a later date resulting in several published dates. Obituaries usually have been grouped on the same page. Pages 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 over the years have been the most common pages.



NOTE 4: CAUTION THERE ARE MISTAKES IN THESE INDEXES!

1: The person reporting the information may have, without knowing, given wrong information to the newspaper.

2: The newspaper may have made mistakes when composing the obituary.

3: Newspapers used different parameters when they constructed their end-of-year indexes. Sometimes the newspaper only indexed obituaries of local people and not those obituaries of people living elsewhere for the end-of-year indexes included in the newspaper published the last day of the year. Also, some years the newspaper used the Langlade County Death Index for that year to construct their end-of-the-year index rather than the actual obituaries published in the newspapers. These parameters have resulted in some obituaries not being listed and even some names indexed when there was no published obituary. The indexes that I have construced included all obituaries that I found as I looked at all the pages of all the newspapers. This is why my indexes are the most complete and accurate that exist!

4: The death date, especially for very early obituaries, is NOT reliable! It might actually be the published date, especially if the person died in a different state or the death was by trauma or suicide and the body was not found immediately. Also, the editor used terms such as "last Friday" and "last week Friday." Very often it is not clear if "last Friday" actually means "last week Friday" so some death dates might actually be wrong by one week. That is one week later than the correct death date. All death dates should be considered as approximate and must be verified by other sources.

5: Some of the microfilm copies are very difficult to read and are the cause of mistakes.

6: DISCLAIMER: As hard as I have tried to not make mistakes there still are copying, spelling and editing mistakes that have slipped by me. So, always verify, verify, verify what you find with other sources! Your use of this web site signifies your agreement to accept any consequences resulting from your use of any information on this web site; that you are agreeing not to hold me liable for any damages; and that your sole and exclusive remedy is to discontinue using this web site.

Leland A. Fischer, Webmaster

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