John ARDRON V (1875 - 1937)


Father: Samuel Ardron V (1842 - 1908)
Mother: Margaret Cryle


Tree extract starting with common ancestor to me:


My 1st cousin 4 times removed was born at Swinton in 1876. (Based on age + location on 1881 Census) However he was probably born in 1875 based on a GRO index entry. (GRO ref Rotherham 9c 646 Jun 1875)

He was baptised at Kilnhurst on 9 May 1876. (APR)


1876 Invention of the telephone by A G Bell

1879 Britain fights the Zulu war in South Africa

On the 1881 Census (3 April) John was aged 5, living with his parents, four brothers and three sisters at 24 Piccadily Road, Kilnhurst. (PRO ref RG11 piece 4683 folio 124 pg 27)

1883 Married women obtain the right to acquire their own property

1884 The Third Reform Act - voting extended to agricultural workers (triples the electorate)

On the 1891 Census (5 April) he was aged 15, a coal miner, living with his parents, four brothers and one sister at Blackamoor Cottages, Rawmarsh (Upper Haugh). (PRO ref RG12 piece 3852 folio 121 pg 16)

1893 Invention of motion pictures by Thomas Edison
1895 Invention of wireless telegraphy by G Marconi

John married Mary Jane Hirst at the parish church of Mexborough on 19 April 1897 after banns. He was aged 21, a bachelor and a miner. His father was also a miner. Mary Jane was aged 20 and a spinster. Her father was William Hirst (deceased), formerly a miner. Both were of Kirby Street, Mexborough. The witnesses were Samuel Ardron [either his father or brother] and Edith Ann Hirst. (GRO cert MXB454520 + GRO ref Doncaster 9c 1268 Jun 1897)

1899-1902 Britain fights the Boer War in South Africa

1901 Death of Queen Victoria, succeeded by King Edward VII

On the 1901 Census (31 March) John was listed as head of household for 30 Warren Vale Road, Swinton:
a) John Ardron, head, married, 25, coal miner hewer, worker, Piccadilly Yorks
b) Mary J. Ardron, wife, 24, Alexbro Yorks
(PRO ref RG13 piece 4400 folio 180 pg 20) 

1908 on 27 April Olympic Games open at White City in London

1908 on 27 October Parliament approves old age pensions (weekly means-tested pension of a maximum of five shillings to all those aged over 70)

1910 Death of King Edward VII, succeeded by King George V

1911 National Insurance Act provides cover against sickness and unemployment


On the 1911 Census (2 April) John was listed as head of household for The Rock Tavern, 10 High Thorn (?), Kilnhurst:

a) John Ardron, head, 35, married (13 years), inn keeper, own account, at home, Yorkshire Swinton

b) Mary Jane Ardron, wife, 34, married (13 years), assisting in business, Yorkshire Mexborough

c) Ellen Gomersall, servant, 17, single, Yorkshire Denaby

The record shows Mary Jane having had a total of 0 children born alive in present marriage, 0 still living and 0 having died.
The property consisted of 7 rooms (including kitchen but excluding scullery, landing, lobby, closet, bathroom, warehouse, office or shop if present).

(PRO ref RG14 ??)

John was the landlord of the Rock Tavern Public House, Kilnhurst: based on the recollections of Jack Ardron II who supplied the newspaper cutting showing a Mr Ardron outside with some of his regulars.

"I remember going as a small child a couple of would have been around 1957/58. The inside of the pub is one of my vividest memories as we went to the kitchen where the two old ladies sat talking. It was very dark with a large inglenook fireplace where food was cooking; I remember sitting in the seat...there was a large stable yard I think. It's by the river." (Jane Margaret Kelly (nee Ardron)) [must have been slightly earlier in the 50s]

1912 on 15 April sinking of the SS Titanic
1913 on 4 June Suffragette Emily Davison is killed by the king's horse

1914-18 The Great War (World War I)
1918 in May a massive flu epidemic reaches Britain and kills more than 200,000 people in Britain and up to 50 million worldwide

1918 All men over 21 and all women over 30 get the vote

1921 in July unemployment reaches a post-war high of 2.5 million

1922 The Irish Free State is established

1927 on 1 January the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is created

1928 Equal Franchise Act - All women are given the same voting rights as men (all over the age of 21)
1928 on 30 September Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin

1929 on 24 October the Wall Street Crash sparks the Great Depression

1931 Financial crisis and run on the pound (Britain abandons the gold standard)

1935 in July the first Penguin paperbacks go on sale, costing just 6 pence, bringing literature to the masses

1936 Death of King George V, succeeded by King Edward VIII
1936 Abdication of King Edward VIII in order to marry Wallace Simpson, succeeded by King George VI

He died on 18 May 1937 at the Rock Tavern, Highthorn, Kilnhurst, Swinton. He was aged 62 and a licensed victualler. The cause of death was heart failure and fatty degeneration of heart. The informant was his nephew R.[ennie] Ardron, in attendance. His nephew was of 27 Church Street, Swinton. (GRO cert. DYA371591 + GRO ref Rotherham 9c 707 Jun 1937 - [aged] 62 + Wills & Admons 1937)

His wife Mary Jane was granted administration of his estate on 25 June 1937. "Ardron, John of Rock Tavern, Hightmore, Kilnhurst, Rotherham, Yorkshire died 18 May 1937. Administration Wakefield 25 June to Mary Jane Ardron, widow. Effects 744 5s. 3d." (Wills & Admons 1937, Family Division of the High Court)

Mary Jane HIRST (1877 - 1954)
She was born in 1877. (Based on age at marriage + death) 

On the 1881 Census (3 April) Mary Jane was shown as living with her parents at Church Street, Barmbrough, Yorkshire:
a) William Hurst, head, married, 23, labourer, Mexbro York
b) Ann Hurst, wife, married, 27, Derby
c) Mary Jane Hurst, daughter, unmarried, 4, Mexbro York
d) Edith Ann Hurst, daughter, unmarried, 2, Mexbro York
(PRO ref RG11 piece 4688 folio 46 pg 32) - though note the different surname spelling on Mormon transcript

1891 CENSUS?? AGED 14?

Interestingly her younger sister Edith Ann Hirst married Matthew Henry Ardron (1878 - 1947), first cousin of her own husband.

Mary Jane died on 12 March 1954 aged 77 and was buried at Swinton. (GRO ref Don Valley 2b 590 Mar 1954 - [aged] 77 + Wills & Admons 1954 + MI Dean Ardron)

Her will was probated 14 June 1954 to Mary Heathcock (wife of Percy Heathcock): "Ardron, Mary Jane of Lyndrona, Lower Church Street, Mexborough, Yorkshire, widow died 12 March 1954. Probate Wakefield 14 June to Mary Heathcock (wife of Percy Heathcock). Effects 1651 18s. 5d." (Wills & Admons 1954, Family Division of the High Court)


1) Mary Ardron V (1912 -)
My 2nd cousin 3 times removed was born in 1912 in the registration district of Rotherham. (GRO ref Rotherham 9c 1584 Sep 1912 - Hirst)

Mary married Percy Heathcock in 1945. (Probate of her mother's Will + GRO ref Don Valley 9c 2026 Jun 1945 - Heathcock)