Matthew Henry ARDRON (1878 - 1947)


Father: Henry Ardron I (1835 - 1921)

Mother: Emma Turner


Tree extract starting with common ancestor to me:


My 1st cousin 4 times removed was born at Swinton in 1878. (Based on age and place of birth on 1881 Census) This is confirmed by a GRO index entry. (GRO ref Rotherham 9c 677 Mar 1878 A-J)


1879 Britain fights the Zulu war in South Africa

On the 1881 Census (3 April) Matthew was aged 3, living with his parents at 70 Charles Street, Swinton. (PRO ref RG11 piece 4682 folio 115 pg 34)

1883 Married women obtain the right to acquire their own property

1884 The Third Reform Act - voting extended to agricultural workers (triples the electorate)

On the 1891 Census (5 April) he was aged 13, living with his parents at 70 Charles Street, Swinton. (PRO ref RG12 piece 3855 folio 126 pg 48)

1893 Invention of motion pictures by Thomas Edison
1895 Invention of wireless telegraphy by G Marconi

1899-1902 Britain fights the Boer War in South Africa

1901 Death of Queen Victoria, succeeded by King Edward VII

On the 1901 Census (31 March) he was aged 23, a coal miner trammer, living with his parents at 131 White Lee Road, Swinton. (PRO ref RG13 piece 4402 folio 84 pg 37)

Matthew married Edith Ann Hirst on 3 October 1905 at Swinton. He was aged 27 and an iron worker. His father was Henry Ardron, a miner and resident at 70 Charles Street. Edith was also aged 27. Her father was William Hirst (deceased) from Conisborough. (APR) This is confirmed by a GRO index entry. (GRO ref Rotherham 9c 1205 Dec 1905)

1908 on 27 April Olympic Games open at White City in London

1908 on 27 October Parliament approves old age pensions (weekly means-tested pension of a maximum of five shillings to all those aged over 70)

1910 Death of King Edward VII, succeeded by King George V         

1911 National Insurance Act provides cover against sickness and unemployment


On the 1911 Census (2 April) he was listed as head of household for 53 Sopps Lane, Mexborough, near Doncaster:

a) Matthew Henry Ardron, head, 33, married (5 years), fish dealer, own account, at home, Swinton Yorkshire

b) Edith Ann Ardron, wife, 32, married (5 years), Mexborough Yorkshire

c) Matthew Ardron, son, 3, Kilnhurst Yorkshire

d) Edith Mary Ardron, daughter, 11 months, Mexborough Yorkshire

The record shows Edith having had a total of 2 children born alive in present marriage, 2 still living and 0 having died.
The property consisted of 5 rooms (including kitchen but excluding scullery, landing, lobby, closet, bathroom, warehouse, office or shop if present).

(PRO ref RG14 ??)


1912 on 15 April sinking of the SS Titanic
1913 on 4 June Suffragette Emily Davison is killed by the king's horse

1914-18 The Great War (World War I)
1918 in May a massive flu epidemic reaches Britain and kills more than 200,000 people in Britain and up to 50 million worldwide

1918 All men over 21 and all women over 30 get the vote

1921 in July unemployment reaches a post-war high of 2.5 million

1922 The Irish Free State is established

1927 on 1 January the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is created

1928 Equal Franchise Act - All women are given the same voting rights as men (all over the age of 21)
1928 on 30 September Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin

1929 on 24 October the Wall Street Crash sparks the Great Depression

1931 Financial crisis and run on the pound (Britain abandons the gold standard)

1935 in July the first Penguin paperbacks go on sale, costing just 6 pence, bringing literature to the masses

1936 Death of King George V, succeeded by King Edward VIII
1936 Abdication of King Edward VIII in order to marry Wallace Simpson, succeeded by King George VI

1939-45 World War II
1944 Butler Education Act - framework for new free comprehensive secondary education for all
1947 on 1 January Britain's coal industry is nationalised

He died in 1947 aged 68 in the registration district of Rother Valley. (GRO ref Rother V. 2c 905 Mar 1947 - aged 68)

Matthew was then buried on 13 January 1947 at St James' Church, Anston. (NBI - Parish Register)

Edith Ann HIRST (1878 -)
She was born in 1878. (Based on age at marriage) GRO REF??

On the 1881 Census (3 April) Edith Ann was shown as living with her parents at Church Street, Barmbrough(?), Yorkshire:
a) William Hurst, head, married, 23, labourer, Mexbro York
b) Ann Hurst, wife, married, 27, Derby
c) Mary Jane Hurst, daughter, unmarried, 4, Mexbro York
d) Edith Ann Hurst, daughter, unmarried, 2, Mexbro York
(PRO ref RG11 piece 4688 folio 46 pg 32) -  though note the different surname spelling

1891/1901 CENSUS??

Interestingly her elder sister Mary Jane Hirst married John Ardron V (1876 - 1937), 1st cousin of her own husband.

Did Edith die in 1958 aged 79? She would have been born in 1879. (GRO ref Rother V. 2c 822 Mar 1958 - [aged] 79)



1) Matthew Ardron (1907 - 1978)

2) Edith Mary Ardron V (1910 -)
My 2nd cousin three times removed was born in 1910 at Mexborough. (Jane Kelly (nee Ardron) + GRO ref Doncaster 9c 8?? Jun 1910 + location on 1911 Census)

On the 1911 Census (2 April) she was shown as aged 11 months, living with her parents at 53 Sopps Lane, Mexborough, near Doncaster. (PRO ref RG14 ??)

Edith married Tom Shenton in 1936. (Jane Kelly (nee Ardron) + GRO ref Rotherham 9c 1665 Dec 1936 - Shenton, Tom)

3) Edwin Ardron II (1915 - 1987)