Samuel ARDRON I (1782 - 1860)
Father: Thomas Ardron I (1739 - 1797)
My G-G-G-G-G-Great Uncle was born on 8 September 1782 and was baptised on 13 October of that year in Laughton En Le Morthen. His father was Thomas Ardron, a blacksmith, and his mother is shown as Ann. (APR + Genuki - The Parish Baptism Registers for Laughton en le Morthen, 1780-1789)
1783 Britain recognises
American Independence at the Peace of Versailles
1789 Outbreak of the French Revolution
1792 Coal gas used for lighting for the first time
1796 Vaccination against small pox is introduced
1800 Act of Union with Ireland
In 1800 Samuel was apprenticed to Joseph Nutt, a
knife maker, of Wadsley [formerly a rural village 3 miles north-west of the
centre of Sheffield].
“Ardron, Samuel, son of Thomas Ardron, Brookhouse, dec., ; to Nutt Joseph, Wadsley k. ; 7, 1800, Freeman 1810.”
[ k = knife maker] (History of the Cutlers’ Company, List of Apprentices and Freemen, Sheffield Indexers)
1802 Peel introduces the
first factory legislation
1803 The Napoleonic Wars begin - Britain declares war on France
Samuel married Elizabeth Darwent on 19 February 1805 at the Cathedral Church of St Peter & St Paul, Sheffield. (APR)
1805 Battle of Trafalgar -
Nelson destroys the French and Spanish fleets but is killed in the process
1815 Battle of Waterloo - defeat for Napoleon by the Duke of Wellington and the end of the Napoleonic Wars
1825 The World's first railway service, the Stockton and Darlington Railway opens
1829 The Metropolitan Police is established by Robert Peel
1830 Opening of the Liverpool to Manchester Railway
1830-2 First major cholera epidemic in Britain
1833 Abolition of slavery throughout the British Empire
1833 The Factory Act - prohibits children aged less than nine from working in factories and reduces the working hours of women and older children
1834 The Poor Law Act - establishes workhouses for the poor
1840 The penny post is started
In the 1833 edition of “Whites History & Directory of Sheffield” Samuel was listed as “Ardron, Samuel (horn scale presser). Address: 20 Burgess Street.” (Whites History & Directory of Sheffield, 1833)
In the 1837 edition of “Whites Directory of Sheffield & Rotherham” Samuel had moved and was now listed as “Ardron, Samuel (horn haft & scale presser). Address: 38 Holly Street”. (Whites Directory of Sheffield & Rotherham, 1837)
the 1841 Census (6 June) Samuel was shown as being head of household at
Holly Street, Sheffield:
a) Samuel Ardron, 55, scale presser, Y
b) Elizabeth Ardron, 65, Y
c) Chas Wingfield, 15, ??, Y
d) Elizabeth Rowland, 15, F.S., Y
(PRO ref HO107/1338/6/13/6/7/16)
In the 1841 edition of “Henry & Thos. Rodgers Sheff & Roth Directory” Samuel had moved from number 38 to number 12 ([or they had been renumbered] and was now listed as “Ardron, Samuel (Horn Hafter And Scale Presser). Address: 12 Holly Street”. (Henry & Thos. Rodgers Sheff & Roth Directory, 1841)
Samuel and his son Samuel had set up in partnership:
“Ardron, Samuel and Son, horn pressers and Britannia metal ware manufacturers, 12 Holly Street; house, court 32 Thomas Street” ("General Directory of the Town & Borough of Sheffield with Rotherham, Chesterfield and all the parishes, townships, villages and hamlets within a circuit of about 12 miles round the capital of Hallamshire" by William White, 1849)
the 1851 Census (30 March) Samuel was shown as being head of household
for 12 Holly Street, Sheffield:
a) Samuel Ardron, head, married, 68, proprietor Britannia Metal Manufacturer employs 13 men & 2 boys, Yorkshire Laughton En Le Morthen
b) Elizabeth Ardron, wife, married, 74, Yorkshire Sheffield
c) Samuel Ardron, son, married, 44, proprietor Britannia Metal Manufacturer employs 13 men & 2 boys, Yorkshire Sheffield
d) Eliza Ardron, wife of son, married, 41, Yorkshire Sheffield
e) Maria Ardron, granddaughter, 15, unmarried, Yorkshire Sheffield
f) Samuel Ardron, grandson, 13, Yorkshire Sheffield
g) Thomas Ardron, grandson, 10, Yorkshire Sheffield
h) Charles Ardron, grandson, 8, Yorkshire Sheffield
i) Ann Ardron, granddaughter, 4, Yorkshire Sheffield
(PRO ref HO107 piece 2338 folio 259 pg 24) – shown as ADRON on Ancestry.co.uk index
Saturday 30 June 1855, the apparently successful business partnership between
father and son, Samuel Ardron Senior and Samuel Ardron Junior, was dissolved.
(Sheffield Daily Telegraph, Tuesday 14 July 1855)
Tuesday 23 October 1855 the freehold property fronting Trippet Lane and Holly
Street, Sheffield, occupied by Messrs. Ardron and Son, Britannia Metal Manufacturers
was to be sold at auction by Mr Nicolson, at his Auction Mart, High-street,
Sheffield, at four o’Clock in the afternoon. The property was extensive,
“a capital Dwelling-House, with the Workshops and an entire Yard thereto, situate in and fronting to Holly-street, and nearly extending to West-street, in Sheffield aforesaid, and now in the Occupation of Messrs. Ardron and Son, Britannia Metal Manufacturers ; a commodious Dwelling-House, large front Shop, several Warehouses, Store Rooms and Cellarage for Horns, and Ranges of well-lighted Workshops, and an entire Yard, protected by folding Doors, fronting to Holly-street and Trippet-lane, in Sheffield aforesaid, for many years past in the occupation of Mr. George Chester, Ivory and Horn Merchant.
There is a capital 12-Horse Power High Pressure Horizontal Steam Engine, by Walker, Eaton and Co., upon the last mentioned Premises, with Shafting and Gear to several of the Workshops.
The Property has a Frontage of 36 feet to Trippet-lane, and of 108 to Holly-street, and the whole site contains 555 superficial square yards, or thereabouts.
There is a considerable quantity of ground unbuilt upon very eligible for the erection of Workshops, to which Steam Power could easily be supplied from the present Engine.” (The Sheffield Daily Telegraph, Tuesday, October 23, 1855)
However the business continued to be listed in local directories - in 1857 as “Ardron, Samuel & Son, scale pressers, 12 Holly Street”. ("Post Office Directory of West Riding of Yorkshire, 1857" - Sheffield, Commercial)
At the end of July 1857 an advert appeared for the
sale of Samuel’s manufacturing paraphenalia including pressing vices, handles,
scales and metal pans amongst other things at 12 Holly Street. All were noted
to be in good working order. (The Sheffield Daily Telegraph, Thursday, July 30, 1857)
November 1858 Samuel was looking to sell the properties he had leasehold on:
“TO be SOLD by Private Contract. Nine Leasehold DWELLING-HOUSES and a WORKSHOP,
situate near Nos. 32 and 34, Thomas-street, near Bath-street. The Ground Plot,
containing 500 Yards, is held on a Lease of 800 years.” (The Sheffield Daily Telegraph, Wednesday, November 24, 1858)
Samuel died on 3 March 1860. (Date of birth from Wills & Admons + GRO ref Ecclesall B 9c 174 Mar 1860) His death was also listed in the Sheffield Daily Telegraph in the Tuesday 6 March, though his death date was given as 2 March. He was 78 and of Egerton Street. (Sheffield Daily Telegraph, Tuesday 6 March 1860)
His will was probated on 24 May 1860 – “24 May the will of Samuel Ardron late of Sheffield in the county of York deceased who died 3 March 1860 at Sheffield aforesaid was proved at Wakefield by the oaths of John Merrill of Sheffield aforesaid Horn Merchant and James Brinnen of the same place Butcher the executors. Effects under £100” (Wills & Admons, 1860)
DARWENT (1777 - 1853)
She was born in 1777 at Sheffield. (Based on 1851 Census + age at death) However there was a christening recorded for an Elizabeth Darwent on 9 June 1776 at the Cathedral Church of St Peter & St Paul, Sheffield. Her father was shown as Thomas Darwent. (IGI)
On the 1841 Census (6 June) Elizabeth was shown aged 65, living with her husband at at Holly Street, Sheffield. (PRO ref HO107/1338/6/13/6/7/16)
On the 1851 Census (30 March) Elizabeth was shown aged 74, living with her husband at 12 Holly Street, Sheffield. (PRO ref HO107 piece 2338 folio 259 pg 24) – shown as ADRON on Ancestry.co.uk index
Elizabeth was “a consistent member of the Methodist Society for 57 years”.(Death notice, Sheffield and Rotherham Independent, 9 April 1853)
SAMUEL AND ELIZABETH HAD THE FOLLOWING CHILDREN:
2) Eliza Ardron (1808 -)
My 1st cousin 6 times removed was baptised on 14 August 1808 at the Cathedral Church of St Peter & St Paul, Sheffield. (IGI)
1841 CENSUS?? – AGED 33?
1851 CENSUS?? – AGED 43?
3) Thomas Ardron IV (1810
My 1st cousin 6 times removed was born on 29 June 1810 and baptised exactly a month later on 29 July at the Cathedral Church of St Peter & St Paul, Sheffield. (IGI)
1841 CENSUS?? – AGED 31?
1851 CENSUS?? – AGED 41?
4) Joseph Ardron III (1811
My 1st cousin 6 times removed was baptised on 4 August 1811 at the Cathedral Church of St Peter & St Paul, Sheffield. (IGI)
1841 CENSUS?? – AGED 30?
1851 CENSUS?? – AGED 40?
5) John Ardron II (1813 -)
My 1st cousin 6 times removed was baptised on 10 September 1813 at the Cathedral Church of St Peter & St Paul, Sheffield. (IGI)
John married Elizabeth Gyite on 27 December 1838 at the Cathedral Church of St Peter & St Paul, Sheffield. He was aged 25 and of Holly Street. His father was Samuel. Elizabeth was also aged 25 and of Broad Lane. Her father was William Gyite. (APR)
1841 CENSUS?? – AGED 27?
1851 CENSUS?? – AGED 37?
On the 1861 Census John is aged 47, boarding,
along with his brother Samuel, aged 54, at the household of Elizabeth Farmer at
Harmer(?) Lane Gardens, Sheffield:
a) Elizabeth Farmer, head, widow, 34, dress maker, Finningley, Nottinghamshire
b) Annie F Farmer, daughter, unmarried, 15, Sheffield Yorkshire
c) Samuel Ardron, boarder, widower, 54, metal smith, Sheffield Yorkshire [Samuel Ardron II]
d) John Ardron, boarder, married, 47, scale presser, Sheffield Yorkshire [Samuel Ardron II’s brother]
e) Samuel Ardron, boarder, 3, Sheffield Yorkshire
(PRO ref RG9 piece 3487 folio 133 pg 26) – shown as Adson on Ancestry.co.uk index
It is not clear whose son Samuel, aged 3, was, born c. 1858. No GRO birth index entry can be found.
On the 1871 Census John is aged 57 and has
hit on hard times as he is shown as a pauper inmate at the Sheffield Union
a) John Ardron, pauper inmate, widower, 57, scale presser, Yorkshire Sheffield
(PRO ref RG10 piece 4683 folio 185 pg 8)
1881 CENSUS?? – AGED 67?
Did John die in 1884 aged 67 (GRO ref Sheffield 9c 361 Sep 1884 – [aged] 67) Though this age would not exactly correct.
GYITE (1813 – before the 1871 Census)
She was born in 1813. (Based on age at marriage) Her father was William Gyite. (APR)
1861 CENSUS?? – AGED 37?
DEATH?? - PRIOR TO THE 1871 CENSUS?
6) Ann Ardron III (1815 -)
My 1st cousin 6 times removed was baptised on 11 June 1815 at the Cathedral Church of St Peter & St Paul, Sheffield. (IGI)
1841 CENSUS?? – AGED 26?
1851 CENSUS?? – AGED 36?