Karen McCann Hett All Rights Reserved 2003-2014
The following is reprinted from the Montgomery County Herald, publication of the Montgomery County Texas Genealogical Society. This article is copyrighted, all rights reserved.
When the Union captors asked him his name, one of our black Danville captives answered simply, Green. And Green is the only name that appears on the rolls of the members of Co. B 24th Regiment Texas Cavalry who were captured at the Battle of Arkansas Post and transported to prison at Camp Butler, Illinois.
Green was entered into the prison muster rolls only once, which was at the same time as the other white and black Confederates taken captive at the Battle of Arkansas Post. The notation on his Compiled Military Service Record card in the National Archives states: Green, Co. B 24th Texas Cavalry, Appears on a Roll of Prisoners of War received at Camp Butler, Ill., Jan. 31, 1863. Roll dated not dated, Remarks, Negro, Liberated.
We do not know whether Green was his first name or his last name. The name Green as a given name was quite popular at this time in history, there being nearly a thousand males of that name in Texas in 1870. There were well over 200 black males in Texas with the given name Green who were between the ages of twelve and fifty-two during the war and could possibly have served as a body servant.
The surname Green was also a common one, there being over 2500 citizens with that surname in Texas in 1870. More than 250 black males with that surname in 1870 fell between the ages of twelve and fifty-two during the war.
We have no way of knowing whether our Montgomery County Green survived being liberated, and if so, whether he stayed in the North or went home to his family in Texas.
There were no men of color in Sangamon County, Illinois, in 1870 with the given name Green, and only one man with the surname Green. He was David Green, age 23, born in Kentucky, and he was living with his mother, Polly.
In Chicago, Cook County, Andrew and Joseph Green were living in Ward I and working as waiters at a restaurant owned by a British immigrant. Andrew was twenty-four, born in Kentucky and Joseph was twenty-three, born in Virginia. It is interesting to note that George Estill was living and working as a waiter in Ward I at this time.
There were no men of color in Montgomery County, Texas, in 1870, with either the given name or the surname of Green. However, in Walker County there were three who might bear further research.
Green Pace was living in Walker County, Precinct 5. He was forty-five, was born in North Carolina, and was a farmer with a wife and family. The white Pace family was connected with the Montgomery County McKinneys. Gilbert McKinney was a slave holder whose step-son, J. P. Pace, and younger brother, A. W. McKinney, were both in Captain Wooldridge’s Company B.
Green Thomason was living in Walker County, Precinct 2. He was thirty-eight, born in North Carolina. He was also a farmer with a wife and family. There were two Montgomery County Thomason brothers who were soldiers in Captain Wooldridge’s company; however, there were also Thomason families in Walker County during the same period.
Larkin Green was living in Walker County, Precinct 3. He was born in North Carolina and was forty-five. He was a farm hand and had a wife and family. “Larkin” is a given name that is associated with the Roten and Golden families, whose sons served with Captain Wooldridge.
Whether any of these men was Prisoner “Green” will probably never be known.
For further information and records of all Confederate soldiers of Montgomery County, Texas, as well as histories of the regiments they served in, see Montgomery County, Texas, CSA by Frank M. Johnson. The book may be purchased by visiting Frank's website at frankmjohnson.net or by contacting Frank at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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