SAMUEL TURNER HAYDEN, Co. B, 24th Texas Cavalry


Karen McCann Hett  All Rights Reserved 2003-2014

Samuel Turner Hayden was born in about 1832 in Louisiana. He was age seventeen and living with his father James and family in 1850 in Morehouse Parish, Louisiana. He moved from Louisiana and settled in Montgomery County in about 1859 with a wife and family. Presumably his wife died before 1860.

Also migrating to Montgomery County, Texas, from Morehouse Parish, Louisiana, was the family of Francis Marion Martin.

Samuel Turner Hayden married Emily Metts on January 16, 1860. Emily's parents, Zachariah and Mary (Edwards) Metts, lived next door to the Haydens, having arrived in April of 1852. She was very young, born in Floyd County, Georgia, November 29, 1846. The name of Sam's first wife is unknown at this time.

Samuel enrolled under Captain Sam Wooldridge in the Texas Lancers at Danville, Montgomery County, in April of 1862 as Corporal. He gave his age as twenty-nine years. He lived fifty miles from the place of rendezvous, his horse was worth $165.00, and his equipment worth $20.00. The Second Texas Lancers eventually became Company B, 24th Regiment Texas Cavalry.

Sam rode his horse to Arkansas with the rest of the regiment and was dismounted there on July 29, 1862. He was counted present on the muster roll of August 31, which was taken at Camp Holmes near Pine Bluff, Arkansas. He then marched with his regiment to Arkansas Post, where he was counted present on October 30, 1862.

Muster Card Showing Furlough

Sam somehow obtained a sixty-day furlough and left camp on November 8th, 1862. He was likely quite ill, because no furloughs were being granted to men who had any hope of getting well. He therefore was not present for the Battle of Arkansas Post on January 10 and 11, 1863, and was not captured with the others in his regiment.

The next muster conducted after the men were released from prison in April of 1863; Sam was listed as absent on furlough. He was listed similarly on the musters of August, October, and December of 1863; also February and April 1864.

Meanwhile, Sam had reported for duty to Elmore’s Infantry in Texas. He enlisted on February 15, 1863, at Houston and was assigned to Company K, Captain Clepper’s Company. Captain Lem Clepper was from Montgomery County and had been captain of the Montgomery Rifle Boys, a militia unit. One undated record in this file shows that Sam was "detailed to construct boats on river."

Sam became ill soon after he enlisted and was on the muster of February as being sick in the hospital. A roll from Houston General Hospital shows that he was admitted February 27, suffering from chronic hepatitis. He reported for duty and was present in March and April but was again admitted to Houston General Hospital, this time afflicted with ascites, an accumulation of fluids in the abdominal cavity. Sam once more returned to duty, this time on June 22. However, the muster roll at Niblett’s Bluff, Louisiana on October 25, 1863, reported him to have deserted on August 4, 1863.

On a muster roll for Company I of the 24th (which was a detached regiment formed back home in Texas) of January 1865, Samuel was on a list of Enlisted men accounted for, and was noted to be detailed to a particular major. In February 1865, there is a record that he was absent without leave. In March, he was noted to be a private in Company G of the Consolidated 24th & 25th Regiments, and there was a note that his detail expires, absent without leave. The last record in his file is dated April 1865, at which time he was a private in Company E of the detached 24th & 25th at Camp Lubbock in Texas, with a note that he joined by transfer from the 24th Texas Cavalry.

Of course, General Kirby Smith surrendered all the men in Texas the following month. Sam went home to Montgomery County. It is likely that he is the Samuel Hayden who is found in the records of the Freedman's Bureau as having beaten a black woman in June, 1866, for reporting him to be stealing potatoes.

In 1870, he is found in Danville next to the Metts family, living with Emily and his children from both marriages.

By 1875, the couple had moved to the area of Calvert in Robertson County, where their daughter Amma, also called Alma or Ambrosia, was born. This daughter later was to marry Robert Malone, son of William Farrington Malone.

Samuel must have died shortly afterwards, and Emily returned home to Montgomery County. She married Sterling Q. Abbott after Sam's death. This is the marriage that is recorded in Montgomery County as S. Q. Abbott to E. S. Holden on December 21, 1877.

After Mr. Abbott's death, Emily applied for and received a Confederate widow's pension in March 1931, based on Samuel's service. William F. Malone signed a deposition in her behalf. Emily stated that Samuel Hayden first enlisted in Captain Wooldridge's company and later served in Captain Clepper's Company at Galveston.

Emily died on June 26, 1931 in Palestine, Anderson County, a couple of months after her pension was approved. At the time of her death, she was being cared for in the household of her daughter, Bertha G. Abbott. Bertha was married to Eldon Dunbar Wooldridge, the grandson of Captain Samuel Wooldridge. E. D. (Eldon Dunbar) Wooldridge signed the Application for a Mortuary Warrant for Emily.

For further information and records of all Confederate soldiers of Montgomery County, Texas, as well as histories of the regiments they served in, see Montgomery County, Texas, CSA by Frank M. Johnson. The book may be purchased by visiting Frank's website at or by contacting Frank at

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