FRANCIS MARION MARTIN, Co. B, 24th Texas Cavalry


© Karen McCann Hett  All Rights Reserved 2003-2014

Update: January 10, 2012

Please note that we have discovered that the Francis Marion Martin
who served with Captain Wooldridge was not the young man of the same name
who was enumerated in Danville in the 1870 census. That young
man arrived in Danville from Pike County, Mississippi, just before
the 1870 census enumeration, and moved on to Coryell County.
His Civil War service was in a Pike County regiment. Note that he
probably had relatives in Danville, as at least three other local
families were from Pike County.

Our Francis Marion Martin came to Texas with his family
just before the 1850 census. They settled in Danville after 1860,
becoming part of the fabric of the community. Histories of this family
are available online and on

Thank you to Frank Johnson for his efforts in discovering the true identity
of young Francis Marion Martin of
Company B, 24th Regiment, Texas Cavalry.

Francis Marion Martin was born in about 1841 in Alabama.

He was the son of Lewis Martin (ca 1806-1866) and Mary Riser (ca 1812-1848).

This family included seven children, not all of whom came to Montgomery County. They were intermarried with the Metts family before arriving, and continued the close relationship with the Mettses after moving to Danville.

The Martin family was living in Morehouse Parish, Louisiana, in 1850, where the widowed father, Lewis, was a farmer.

Also living in Morehouse Parish was James Hayden (Headen on the census) with a large family. A son of James, Samuel Turner Hayden, also migrated to Montgomery County, Texas, and there he married Emily Metts.

By 1860, the Martins had moved to Cass County, Texas, and the oldest son was head of family. Next door was a Metts family.

The Martins apparently moved to Montgomery shortly after 1860. A biographical sketch of the oldest son of the family indicates that their father purchased a plantation in Montgomery County and died there in 1866.

Under the name, “F. M. Martin,” Francis was enrolled in the Second Lancers at Danville on March 27, 1862 by John E. George. He gave his age as twenty-one, the value of his horse as $100.00, and the value of his equipment as $20.00.

Francis reported for cavalry training at Camp Carter at Hempstead in April and was counted present on April 28.

By the muster roll of August 31, Francis had become ill and his muster roll has the notation, “absent sick.” Before the troops left Texas, they were struck by various epidemics common to soldiers in the Civil War. In October, there is a note that he was “sick in hospital.” After the October roll, there is no other muster record for him, and no explanation as to what happened to him.

A biography of Francis's brother, J. P. Martin, published in Biographical Sketch from Erath County, Texas History 1896 states that Francis M. died in Little Rock, Arkansas during the war.

Though the men of the regiment thought they were on the way to Little Rock when they left Texarkana, they were intercepted in July by the Confederate authorities at Pine Bluff, where they were dismounted and ordered to continue on foot. It is possible that Francis was sent to the hospital in Little Rock, but it's more likely that he was in the hospital at Camp White Sulphur Springs.

Also, noting that he was marked Present, Sick in Hospital on the muster roll, we might conclude that he was with the other members of his regiment in October at Arkansas Post, where an old bank building functioned as a hospital for the huge number of desperately ill men.

The ranger told us when we visited Arkansas Post in 2003 that it was a dirty little secret that the Union troops shelled the hospital, ignoring the fact that it was clearly marked and that it was against all military protocol to fire upon hospitals.

The cross at Arkansas Post

Since this is the last time that Francis's name appeared on a muster roll, it is probable that we will never know exactly when or where he died.

Suffice it to say, he was one of the many young Texans who never returned home.

The above biographical information was compiled from county and census records, and from Francisís Compiled Service Records, on file at the National Archives and accessed at the Confederate Research Center at Hillsboro, Texas.

For further information and records of all Confederate soldiers of Montgomery County, Texas, as well as histories of the regiments they served in, see Montgomery County, Texas, CSA by Frank M. Johnson. The book may be purchased by visiting Frank's website at or by contacting Frank at

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© Karen McCann Hett  All Rights Reserved 2003-2014
Content Used with Permission on © Barrett Branches

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Karen McCann Hett

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