Albert Wrinkles McKinney
Photo courtesy of descendant Billy McKinney
Albert Wrinkles McKinney was born 15 August 1842 in Alexandria, Louisiana, and was the son of Mercer McKinney and Mary Sophronia Wrinkles. Albert moved with his parents from Louisiana to Texas in 1857, settling in Harris County. His father was a farmer.
At the beginning of the Civil War according to Albert¹s biography, he joined the Galveston Rifles, a militia unit under the command of Captain McKeen.
He probably joined the Galveston Rifles in about February, 1861, and after leaving the company made his way to Montgomery County, where he had a relative, Gilbert McKinney.
On August 2, he made his way to Harrisburg. There, on August 2, he joined Captain R. M. Powell's Company of Montgomery and Walker County volunteers on their way to Virginia, in what was to become the Fifth Texas Infantry. This was a company that had been formed in Montgomery County. However, Albert deserted before the end of August and apparently made his way home.
On the 17th of January, 1862, Albert enlisted at Galveston in Company I of the Ninth Regiment (Nichols'), a six month infantry regiment under Col. Ebenezer B. Nichols which served in Galveston building fortifications. This regiment was originally known as the 5th Texas Volunteers, thus causing some confusion for researchers.
Company I was formed in Montgomery County, and Gilbert McKinney, a relative of Albert, was Fifth Sergeant of the company. The regiment paymaster was Lt. J. L. McKeen.
Living with Gilbert McKinney in 1860 was John P. Pace, who was to become a member of Second Texas Lancers, and who later married Albert’s sister, Mary E. McKinney. John P. Pace was the son of Gilbert’s wife, Mary Harris Pace McKinney.
Albert was mustered out of the Ninth (Nichols') with the other men on the 24th of April, 1862, following the order that all six-month regiments be disbanded and all men join the Confederate States Army for three years or the war. On that date he enlisted in the Second Texas Lancers under Captain Samuel D. Wooldridge of Montgomery County.
Albert was nineteen years of age when he was mustered into The Second Texas Lancers in the town of Montgomery, Montgomery County, Texas, on June 1, 1862. His records indicate that he was mustered in as the company musician. The mustering officer was C. L. Jones.
The first day of June was a late muster date for the men of the Lancers, so Albert must have immediately left to catch up to the other troops, who were on their way to Arkansas by this time.
Albert’s muster roll of August 31, 1862, notes that he was sick in camp. Which camp was not stated; however, the members of Captain Wooldridge's company were stationed at Camp Holmes, near Pine Bluff, Arkansas, at this time, and there was a large field hospital near the camp. After August of 1862, A. W. McKinney was counted present on the rolls.
He was assigned to Garland's Brigade and was trained as an infantryman. He was then sent, along with his fellow soldiers of the 24th Cavalry, to Ft. Hindman at Arkansas Post, Arkansas. He fought in the Battle of Arkansas Post, was captured by the Union forces, and was sent to prison at Camp Butler, Illinois, where he appears on a roll of Prisoners of War.
Albert was paroled with the other men at City Point, Virginia, in April of 1863, at which time he was sent with his Regiment to fight as part of the Army of Tennessee. He was last paid in October of 1863, for his service through August. He must have escaped serious injury or illness, as there is no hospital roll for him, and no other notation except present.
According to his obituary, Albert fought with the Army of Tennessee in the battles at MacLemore’s Cove, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Ringgold, Dalton, Calhoun, Resaca, Golgotha Church, New Hope Church, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Lovejoy’s Station, Decator [sic.] Alabama, Columbia, Spring Hill, Franklin, and Nashville (Tennessee), and winding up at Bentonville, North Carolina, where the army under Joseph E. Johnston, to which he then belonged, surrendered to General Sherman.
His last muster roll was dated April 1864, which is the date of the last existing muster rolls for the entire company.
In April, 1865, his regiment was consolidated with Granbury’s Texas Brigade, and he was paroled with the others at Greensboro, North Carolina, on about the first of May 1865. His parole record is in his file.
A. W. was one of the nine members of Captain Wooldridge’s Company B who were still actively serving with the Army of Tennessee at the end of the war and were around for the final surrender in North Carolina. In later life, he said that the only wound he received was a small flesh wound at the Battle of Arkansas Post.
When he returned to Texas, he went to work on his father’s farm. On December 20, 1866, he married Miss Sarah Jane Singleton of Harris County, the daughter of James W. Singleton. They moved to a farm east of Houston.
In addition to his farming interests, he served as a Harris County Deputy Sheriff and as a constable of the precinct in which he lived.
In November, 1884, he was elected Tax Assessor of Harris County. He moved his family to Houston to be near his work. He continued as Harris County Tax Assessor, except for one brief term, until shortly before his death. He was a member of Sampson Lodge No. 231 at Lynchburg, Harris County, and represented his chapter at the Grand Lodge of Texas.
He was also a member of
Albert McKinney and his wife had five children, whom they raised in Harris County.
He died on the 2nd of August 1908 at Crosby, Harris County, Texas, at the age of sixty-six. He was buried in the White Cemetery in Harris County, located on Crosby-Lynchburg Road at Highlands, Texas.
click on the images of the stones for a larger view.
Thanks to descendant Billy McKinney for the photos of the grave stones.
This biography was compiled from the web site of Billy McKinney, from census and county records, and from the Compiled Service Records, housed at the National Archives and accessed at the Confederate Research Center at Hillsboro, Texas.
For a larger image of A. W. McKinney, click on the thumbnail below:
For further information and records of all Confederate soldiers of Montgomery County, Texas, as well as histories of the regiments they served in, see Montgomery County, Texas, CSA by Frank M. Johnson. The book may be purchased by visiting Frank's website at frankmjohnson.net or by contacting Frank at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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