William Henry Woodson was the son of Dr. Creed T. Woodson and his wife, Mary Laurence Cook. William was born in Georgia 13 April 1834, probably in Houston County, where he is listed with his parents on the census of 1850, at age sixteen. Dr. Woodson was forty-nine, born in Virginia.
The family immigrated to Montgomery County Texas after 1850. They appear on the census of 1860 as residents of Danville, with Mary as head of household at age forty-four. Dr. Woodson's will is on file in Houston County, Georgia, however, filed in Will Book B, which begins in 1855. One genealogy shows Dr. Woodson's death as 7 Feb 1857, but no place of death.
William is enumerated as the oldest child in 1860, age 26, a farmer. He is said to have married Emily Caroline Glenn on 8 December 1859; she is enumerated as E. C. Woodson in the Woodson household in 1860, age nineteen, born in Georgia.
William's sister, Martha, was married to John McClanahan Lewis.
William H. Woodson joined the Danville Mounted Riflemen on May 4, 1861 under Captain Samuel D. Wooldridge. He was listed in the roster of September 13, 1861 as 3rd Lieutenant, and on the roster of February 14, 1862, as 2nd Lieutenant.
The following month, in March of 1862, he joined Company B, Second Texas Lancers under Captain Wooldridge. He was mustered in on April 28th at Camp Carter at Hempstead, and was elected Third Lieutenant of the company. He was later promoted to Second Lieutenant. He was aged twenty-eight at the tiime of his enlistment and had to ride fifty miles to the place of rendezvous. The value of his horse was $225.00, quite a high value, considering than an acre of good cotton land was selling for abour $6.00. His equipment was worth $40.00.
William rode his horse to Arkansas with the other men of his regiment. There he was dismounted at El Dorado on the 29th of July, along with the rest of the Texas Cavalry in his regiment. He was forced to fight the remainder of the war on foot. When his unit was attached to the Confederate Army, it became Company B, 24th Regiment, Texas Cavalry (Dismounted.)
His regiment was assigned to Garland's Brigade at Arkansas Post. The company spent the fall building winter cabins and training for war. William fought in the Battle of Arkansas Post on January 10th and 11th, 1863. He was captured after the battle and is listed on two Union rosters, the Roster of Troops Captured, and the Roll of Prisoners Captured.
He was received at Camp Chase, Ohio, on January 30th. This is the camp where all of the Confederate officers were imprisoned after being captured at Arkansas Post.
Camp Chase, Ohio, the Prison to which Confederate Officers were Sent
From the website of Ohio History Central
On the prison rolls he is described as having blue eyes and light hair. After the term of imprisonment, he was forwarded with the other officers to Ft. Delaware, and from there to City Point, Virginia, for exchange, in April of 1863.
The next record, April 30, 1863, has a notation that William was absent, sick in the hospital at Petersburg, Virginia. On May 4, 1863, he appears on the roll of the Episcopal Church Hospital in Williamsburg, Virginia, with an illness called debilitis, a severe form of diarrhea that plagued many soldiers during the Civil War. The cure was worse than the disease, however, and most soldiers attempted to stay out of the hospital if at all possible.
Apparently, William recovered enough to be assigned to duty. He was ordered to report to the Lieutenant General commanding the Trans-Mississippi Department. All officers of Granbury's Brigade who were injured or too ill to be sent to the battlefield were sent to the Trans-Mississippi.
No records remain to reveal what duties William may have been performing in the Trans-Mississippi. He was listed on the next several muster rolls of his company, through April of 1864, as Absent in the Trans-Mississippi, or West of the Mississippi by order of General Bragg.
Reading between the lines, it appears that William was transferred back to his unit. He is listed in the Galveston Tri Weekly News article of Wednesday, November 9, 1864, as being a casualty of war between the 10th of August and the 8th of September 1864. Specifically, they have Lt. W. H. Woodson in the list of wounded, and show that his leg was amputated on August 10th. In his file, there is a Register of Patients in Ocmulgee Hospital at Macon, Georgia, dated August 16, 1864. Also, there is a Report Near Atlanta dated August 25, 1864, filed by the Medical Board. A number of pay vouchers are in his file.
A notation on one of his hospital rolls states that he was returned to duty on October 12, 1864.
Here the records end.
We can assume that William was paroled and returned home to Texas as soon as the war was over. We can also assume that Reconstruction was made difficult for him, due to the fact that he had been a commissioned officer.
W. H. Woodson, born Georgia, was living in Galveston County in 1870; he was 34. His wife was named Carrie, and he had three children ages two through twelve. He was occupied as a farm hand.
By 1880, William was back in Montgomery County. He was age 46, his wife Emily was 42. They were both born in Georgia. William was a farmer, and two of his sons were farming with him.
The Crunk Family Tree, found on Ancestry.com, gives William's death date as 13 January 1894, but no place of death or burial is listed.
His mother, Mrs. Mary L. Woodson, died in 1890. She was buried in the Woodson-Lewis plot in Willis City Cemetery with the following dates: born July 22, 1815 died July 17, 1890.
The above biography was compiled from county records, census, and the Compiled Service Records, which were read on microfilm at the Confederate Research Center, Hillsboro, Texas; also the family records of Cook Descendant Carlton Cranor, and the genealogy of the Crunk Family, placed on Ancestry.com by John Crunk. The record of the amputation was printed in Their Last Full Measure by L. L. Kight, 1997.
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