© Karen McCann Hett All Rights Reserved 2003-2014
Robert L. Wood was born October 9, 1833 in Batesville, Jackson County, Arkansas, according to descendants. He moved to Texas with his parents in 1833, according to his pension application in the Texas Archives.
His mother was Virginia-born Mary Lucy Henderson Wood, with whom he was living in Montgomery County in 1850. She was the widow of Dr. John Wood. They were enumerated in the household of William H. Wood as a separate family unit. William Hillman Wood was married to Elizabeth Ann Irvine, sister of Peter B. Irvine.
In 1860, Robert was a single man age 26, living in the family of C. Campbell. He was a neighbor of the Westmorelands, Worthys, Irvines, and McCrorys.
Home of William Hillman Wood, about 1850
Robert L. Wood Lived in this House in 1850
from the Montgomery County Texas Website by Jane Keppler & Jean Smoorenburg
Robert enlisted at Harrisburg on August 2, 1861. He joined Captain Robert M. Powell’s company of infantry and left for Virginia, where the company became Company D of the Fifth Texas Infantry, C. S. A. He was five feet eight inches with fair complexion and blue eyes.
By November 30, 1861, Robert was sick in the regimental hospital with a ruptured hernia. He did not improve, and on January 26, 1862, he was discharged by a Surgeon’s Certificate of Disability. The certificate reads in part: “During the last two months said soldier has been unfit [for] duty.” The station was Camp Neabsco near Dumfries, Prince William County, Virginia.
The discharge was signed by W. T. Hill, First Lieutenant Commanding the company in the absence of Captain R. M. Powell; R. J. Brackenridge, Surgeon of the 5th Regiment; and Lieutenant Colonel J. B. Robertson.
Robert returned home to Danville and recuperated. Three months later, he again volunteered for duty. This time, he joined the Texas Lancers.
When Private Robert Wood enlisted with Captain Wooldridge's company of cavalry at Danville on April 28, 1862, he gave his age as twenty-eight. Robert went to Hempstead to train with the Texas Lancers at Camp Carter. In May, he left with them to ride to El Dorado, Arkansas, where he was dismounted with the other Texans. The Second Lancers, upon being accepted into the Confederate Army, became the 24th Regiment Texas Cavalry (Dismounted).
On January 11, 1863, Robert fought in the Battle of Arkansas Post. He was captured by Union troops and was sent to prison at Camp Butler, Illinois. His name is on the roster of troops captured at Ft. Hindman and is also on the roll of prisoners of war.
Robert was paroled and exchanged at City Point, Virginia, in April of 1863. He was counted as present on the muster rolls of April and June. The June muster roll states that he was elected Second Sergeant in September of 1862. He was also shown as Second Sergeant in July and August. In the pension application which Robert filed in 1909, both Peter T. Sandel andO. P. Chambers filed depositions stating that Robert was elected sergeant “by the men of the company,” during the war.
The muster roll of November and December has a notation that he was sick in the hospital, but the name of the hospital is not recorded.
Included in his file are receipts for clothing which he received in January of 1864. In March and April of that year, Robert signed the roll as the commanding officer of Company B.
In his pension application, Robert stated that he was taken prisoner in the fall of 1864 “by the Federal Army” while acting as a scout for General Hood. Those prison records are not included in his file in the Compiled Service Records.
He further stated that he was discharged at Chaneyville, Louisiana in May of 1865, at the close of the war.
Robert went back to Montgomery County after the war, where he married Josephine Cousins on February 23, 1865. This date was before the discharge date he later claimed in his pension application. Josephine was born October 19, 1844 in Alabama, the daughter of Patrick Cousins and Elizabeth Simmons. She was living in the J. M. Westmoreland home in 1860, not far from Robert. She was the half-sister of Joseph M. and John Thompson Westmoreland.
Robert and Josephine Wood were enumerated in the 1870 census of Montgomery County with two children, Lucy and Josephine. In 1880, they were enumerated in Precinct One with six children, who were listed on the wrong page of the census.
At an unknown date after 1880, Robert and Josephine moved to the vicinity of Kountze, Hardin County, Texas. This was several miles east of Montgomery County, and we can assume that Robert moved in order to find work.
Josephine died on August 28, 1891 in Kountze, Hardin County, and is buried at the Old Hardin Cemetery in a marked grave.
A grandson was buried nearby.
Robert was living alone in Hardin County in 1900. He was widowed and was employed as a railroad tie contractor in Pct. 5. His daughter, Josie Herring, was living in Pct. 1 with her husband and family.
In May, 1908, R. L. Wood filed a cross interrogatory in favor of the pension application of Katherine Wooldridge, widow of Captain S. D. Wooldridge. Robert was a resident of Harris County.
In 1909, Robert was back in Montgomery County. He filed for a Texas Confederate pension and claimed to be a resident of Willis. The pension was approved on October 1, 1910, and the approval notice was sent to Willis. However, by this time Robert had moved back to Harris County, where he was enumerated at Humble in the household of his daughter, Josie, and son-in-law, Ben Herring.
Apparently due to senility, Robert was admitted to the Confederate Home in Austin, Texas, sometime after 1910.
Robert L. Wood died while he was a resident of the Texas Confederate Home, which was established for disabled and indigent Confederate Veterans. He died on August 19, 1917, at Austin, Travis County, Texas, at the age of eighty-three. His death certificate states that he was buried in the State Cemetery the following day. However, there is a note in his files to the effect that his body was shipped to Humble, Texas.
For further information and records of all Confederate soldiers of Montgomery County, Texas, as well as histories of the regiments they served in, see Montgomery County, Texas, CSA by Frank M. Johnson. The book may be purchased by visiting Frank's website at frankmjohnson.net or by contacting Frank at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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