Paul Robins' Journal Re: Voyage to Quebec In 1846 "

Bible Christians






Paul Robins' Journal
Voyage to Quebec In 1846 from Padstow

This diary extract can be found in "The Robins Papers", unknown author, Published: Sydenham Ontario, Anne Dowker available at the National Library of Canada. Another version covering much of the same period was printed in "The Bible Christian" magazine and a transcription is available online on Phil Ellery's website.

Jan. 16, 1846 Shebbear - The Missionary Committee decided on sending three additionial Missionaries to America, one to Wisconsin, one to Ohio and another to Canada West. I offered myself for one. A Committee appointed to meet again on the 24th of February to determine who shall go, and at that meeting Brothers William Hooper, Henry Ebbett and myself were appointed. O that the Lord may prepare us for the important duties of that new sphere of labour! - We are all to go to Canada, and it will then be decided who shall go to Ohio and Wisconsin.

Wed. March 4th. - Preached at Marland and renewed the tickets, and had a blessed time.- My mind was somewhat gloomy for a few days, but in prayer at friend Steven's before we went to the meeting the clouds were all dispersed. Praise the Lord.

Sun. 8th – Preached at Rowden, Lake and Black Torrington and slept at Mrs. Danvial’s. The next morning I departed early for Cornwall, walked to Launceston and thence to St.Gleer upwards of 30 miles, and was glad to rest, where I did comfortably at Mr. Mark Daniel’s. -The following morning I departed for Hared's Foot- attended to some business about the chapel.-Thence walked to Polperro and visited John and Mary Langdon, and afterwards walked to Fowey and made enquiries respecting the Royal Adelaide's sailing to America. A variety of circumstances, however, caused us to decide on going by the Veluna from Fowey, appointed to sail April 10th. – I had a conversation and prayer with some of the friends, and the next morning, Wed. 11th, went to my sister Betsy's at Bedwain, where I met with my Mother and brother Matthew, the latter having come from the Breage circuit to see me. – We slept that night together at brother Samuel's at Roche.

Thurs. 12th - I rode back to St. Columb and settled some accounts with Br. Ching. thence back to Dr. Samuel's and afterwards Br. Matthew and myself went to Providence, where the friends were holding a Protracted meeting, and Br. M. Preached. I accompanied Br. Warden to St. Austell to sleep.- The next day (Fr. l3) we met to settle the affairs of Biscovey and Tregorrick Chapels and made arrangements for Br. Warns to go to Padstow to enquire about vessels going to America.

Sun 15. - Preached at St. Austell in the morning; heard Matthew at Tregorrick in the afternoon, and had a good sermon; preached myself in the evening.

Mon. 16. - Left St. Austell to return to Shebbear, called on my sisters Ann and Betsy and walked to Bodmin. Thence I rode in the van to Launceston, and the next morning departed early by coach and rode as far as Woodford Bridge and thence walked home to breakfast, and after consulting with my wife and other friends decided on going from Padstow. The remainder of the week was chiefly occupied in preparing for our voyage.

Sun. 22. – Preached at Ebenezer in the morning; but not having any liberty in preaching, I turned it into prayer, and the Lord blessed us. In the afternoon I preached at Bradford, and heard sister M. Thorne at Lake in the evening.

Tues. 24. – Attended the quarterly meeting at Collacott. The preachers had some profitable conversation about holiness, and while pleading with God for larger measures of it we felt much blessed. – Preached in the evening but nothing remarkable in the meeting.

Sat. 28 – Married Thos. Copp and Mary Ley, and had a profitable time in conversation and prayer before and after the ceremony.

Sun. 29 – Preached at Rowden in the morning. Heard Brother J. Thorne preach Mr. Buckinghan’s funeral sermon in the afternoon, and felt it a melting season, while some remarks were made respecting the end of that young man, especially in reference to the deep interest his mother took in his spiritual welfare and the happy effect it appeared to have on his mind.

Mon. 30. – Was up all night and about 3 o’clock in the morning left Shebbear for Launceston with my wife and Samuel, by the cart which took down the book parcels. Being too late for the van, we had to make the best of our way of foot, but at length a conveyance which we unexpectedly met with took us to Camelford; thence we walked to St. _____ ______ ______ ____ to rest. The next morning ____ ____ took us with a horse and cart to Trevine, St. Minevar, where we were welcomed by Br. and Sr. Lean. The same day I went to Padstow and saw the vessel by which we were to sail for Quebec, and was pleased with the interview I had with the owner and captain. Thence I went to Mr. Tregaskie's and was kindly entertained for the night. The next morning I departed before breakfast, went to Trevine and thence to Wadebridge on my way to St. Austell. Tarried at Mrs. Kellow's and in the evening went to Associan Chapel and heard a good sermon from Heb. XLII, 14: "Here have we no continuing city, but we seek one to come." After meeting visited and prayer with friend Hocken and family. The next day I went to Bedwain and saw my mother and sister, thence to Molinos and St. Austell, and afterwards went to my sister Grace's and slept. On Saturday I visited friends at Biscovey, Holmbusy and St. Austell, and in the evening went to Riddle and slept at St. Ann's.

Sun. 5th April - Preached at St. Austell morning and evening and in the afternoon at Providence. Felt pretty well in the morning and very well in the afternoon, but in the evening I could not speak to the satisfaction of my own mind. After meeting went to St. Anns.

Mon. 6 - Attended some business at Trethurgey, thence I went to Fowey and saw Br. and Sr. Langden, returned to Sr. Grace's and went to Dr. Samuel's, where I remained the night.

Tues. 7 - Br. Samuel sent Sampson and myself part of the way with a horse to Trevine, where we met my wife and Samuel, and the next day we went to Padstow and met Br. James Thorne and Br. Hooper and wife and in the evening held a Farewell Service. Br. Thorne opened the meeting with prayer, after which Mr. Tregaskie made some remarks on the labours, comforts and reward of missionaries.- then myself, Br. Hooper and my wife addressed the meeting on our experience, and feelings in reference to going to America as missionaries, and afterwards the meeting and ourselves were addressed by Bros. Prior and Thorne, Br. Tregaskie enlivening the meeting by many appropriate remarks between each of the addresses, and Br. Prior concluded with prayer.

Thurs. 9 - Went with Samuel to Br. Samuel's and slept at Capt. J. Williams. - The next day being Good Friday, I preached at Ebenezer, Luxillian, in the morning, and at Graika in the evening, and afterwards went with Br. Samuel and Wife to Roche.

Sat. 11th - Went to Padstow and got our luggage on board and slept there with Samuel.

Sun. 12. - I kept watch on board while those belonging to our company went to chapel. -held a prayer meeting on board with the few who remained. Br. Ebbett preached at the Chapel at Padstow in the morning, and at St. Issey in the evening. Br. Hooper preached on board the Veluna in the afternoon, at St. Ervan in the evening and I preached at St. Issey in the afternoon and at Padstow in the evening. Slept on board at night.

Mon. 13 - Busy in arranging our things and in getting necessaries on board for the voyage; but a number of visitors, etc. prevented us from getting prepared for sailing, so that when the vessel went out the following morning we were in confusion. Just as we were leaving Padstow I went into the hold with friend Hambly to put the luggage to rights and got sick, as did also all our company soon after, with most of the passengers and some of the crew. This was rather remarkable, as we had a fair and light breeze. Most of the passengers turned into their berths, and we turned into ours. with clothes on, and our company was out but little till the Thursday; we scarcely took any nourishment for two days and nights, and none of us were well enough to help the rest, as the least exercise made us ill. It was well for us that the sea was pretty smooth, as our things were in a bad state to encounter a storm; but storm or no storm we were obliged to let everything (remain) in confusion, and had not the captain (and) the cook been kind, we should not have been able to get anything to eat or drink. A gentle breeze took us out of the harbour in the right direction, but in the evening we were becalmed. Afterwards by sailing close to a westerly wind we passed between the Land's End and Scilly and sailed on towards France. We passed Scilly in the morning, but I was to ill to go on deck to see the islands, though I had a desire to do so. Went on slowly in the same direction till Thursday morning, when we were at the entrance to the Bay of Biscay and, the wind shifting, we were able to, steer a more westerly course; but our progress was very slow. We saw a large vessel to windward on Thursday morning, dismasted; but could not get near; we also saw some French fishing vessels; we also got near to two vessels steering in the same direction as ourselves, one of which was the of Truro.

Thurs. 16 - Was a fine day, had a little walk on deck, but still very poorly. Scarcely any wind, but some expectation of wind before morning. It might have been thought that we should have done something in spiritual matters; but we were in such a state from sea-sickness that we were unprepared for anything.

Fri. 17 - Last night about 10 1/2 o'clock the wind rose suddenly. All hands were called on deck to reef the sails. It continued a strong breeze from the N.W. all that night and the next day, but died away at night leaving us nearly becalmed. The vessel rolled very much, so that it was with difficulty that those of us who slept at windward could keep ourselves from falling out of our berths. Felt myself getting much better towards evening and resolved to endeavour to arrange matters to be more useful on board.

Sat. 18 - Got out of bed in good time, shaved for the first time since leaving Padstow and was very busy nearly all the day in righting away our things. Bros. Hooper and Ebbett were busy about preparing some dinner, as both of the women are still ill, especially Sr. Hooper, who with great effort and assistance got on deck; but she showed symtoms of getting better towards night. The Captain gave the sailors the privilege of doing some things for themselves this day which is usually granted them on the Sabbeth, so as to have no washing decks tomorrow. Br. Ebbett is to preach tomorrow at 9 1/2 o'clock if the weather admits, and I am to preach at three. And we have appointed to have a class meeting in our cabin at 11 o'clock. May the great Jehovah crown our efforts with his abundant blessing!- Have had but very little wind all day, but that nearly fair.

Sun. 19 - A fine, clear, calm day - a fair but very faint breeze. But it was not progress in our voyage that we regarded so much as favourable time for our religious services and this we were blessed with.- Some grampuses played around the ship in the morning and engaged the attention of the crew and passengers. (It is a large fish of the whale kind.) Br. H. Ebbett preached in the morning at 9 ½ o'clock from Luke VII, 11-16. At 11 o'clock we had a Bible Class in which we were joined by the Captain. Read and conversed about I John 1 chap. and felt it profitable. At 3 o'clock I preached from Ps. CVII, 30; "So He bringeth them unto their desired haven." Urged on the crew and passengers the necessity of using means to secure the haven above, just as mariners embrace every favourable circumstance to speed their way to the desired port. Heard that some of the sailors afterwards raised objections, intimating that there is no other hell than the suffering of time. Immediately after preaching Br. Hooper led the class in our apartment, the Captain joining us, though it was the first class meeting he ever attended. We had a profitable time. Bros. Elvins, Hambly and Sr. Husband joined with our company therein. At 6 ½ we held a Prayer Meeting on deck, and had a tolerably lively and refreshing time. Br. Ebbett and some of the passengers remained on deck singing hymns after others of us retired. Amidst all the disposition manifested by the Captain and several of the crew to accommodate us, it is lamentable to contemplate the state of all the ship's company in reference to religious matters. O that God may help us to live and labour among them during this voyage that it may result in the conversion of their precious souls to Himself! Amen. Amen.

Mon. 20th - Rose early. A light breeze carrying us very slowly too much towards the south. A dry fine day. Agreed to the following rules; - P. Robins, H. Ebbett and Sampson P. Robins assist Ann Robins one week and W. Hooper, J. Heal and Samuel Robins assist Rebecca Hooper the other. The men alternately who are on duty assisting in the cabin and fetching water, cooking and doing other requisites on deck. The boys in their turn attending on the rest to carry nessates and do errands. Those who are on duty must wait on the rest at Meal times and if necessary wait for their meals till the rest have done. On Saturday both of the men and the boy must clean the shoes of all. Take breakfast at 7 ½ o'clock, dinner at 12, and supper at 5 ½. Family worship at 8 and 3 o'clock. Those who are thus engaged instruct the children on board from 9 to 10 o'clock. School among ourselves on week-days from 1 ½ to 3 o'clock. Bible class from 4 to 5. A Prayer Meeting and preaching alternately at 6 ½ o'clock. We felt the benefit of the foregoing regulations in the greater regularity of our proceedings and the increased comfort thereby secured.

Tues. 21. - Calm, pleasant weather and smooth sea, wind N.W., consequently we are being carried too much to the South. Matters going on in a regular way except that we lost a half hour of our school-time among ourselves and have had no public religious service on deck, and some of the parents rather objected to send their children for instruction in the forenoons. Sr. Hooper however has the promise of some tomorrow, and at night we made arrangements to have public service, when the weather admits, on Wednesday and Friday evenings. Br. Hooper is to preach on Wednesday.

Wed. 22nd. - A very fine day, but making very little progress. The sea smooth and glassy. Br. Hooper preached in the evening from Ps. 119, "I thought on my ways and turned my feet to Thy testimonies." The sailors appeared to combine not to unite with us, as they carried on their mirth in the bow of the brig all the time we were engaged in divine worship in the stern. - The Captain, who united with us, spoke to them respecting their conduct, but they would not refrain. Br. Ebbett also gave them a talking to after the service was concluded. It was a dead calm when we went to bed, but a comfortable breeze sprang up afterwards which continued all night in the right direction.

Thurs. 23rd - A fair comfortable breeze throughout the day. Saw four vessels in the morning, one homeward bound and the rest apparently directing their course toward the East Indies. - Had some conversation with Mr. Lanyon, one of the passengers, who regards the Scriptures as having been written in part at least to serve the purpose of interested parties. In spiritual matters we are much like people in fetters, we do not get full victory so as to triumph above the powers of darkness and bear down the carelessness of the ungodly.

Fri. 24. - Sailing on comfortably all day in the right direction. - A good Prayer Meeting at night. We were obliged to make our things secure at night, as the vessel rolled a good deal as she went before a fair breeze.

Sat. 25 - Fair breeze, but the vessel rolled a good deal, so that we had some difficulty in taking our dinner: Indeed, I had a tumble on the floor while endeavouring to save the pudding which we were to bake for our Sunday's dinner. Saw two young whales playing around the ship.

Sun. 26. - Br. Andrew Elvins preached in the morning from Rev.VII.14-17. In the afternoon Br. Hooper preached from Heb.11.3: "How shall we escape if we neglect so great salvation." Some of the breakers had a roll over the deck as he was preaching. After the preaching we held our class meeting in our cabin and had a quickening time, and in the evening we had a good prayer meeting. The wind changed from East to S.E. while we were drawing the prayer meeting to a close. The breeze increased in the night which caused the studding sails to be taken in, which had been set all the day before.

Mon. 27. - In the morning spoke to two vessels homeward bound, a French barque and a Scottish brig from Dundee, and just afterwards the attention of the passengers was engaged by a large sperm whale on the starboard side.

List of Passengers.

Paul Robins, Ann Robins, (their two children) Sampson Paul Robins, Samuel Robins, William Hooper, Rebecca Hooper, J. Heal, Henry Ebbett, Thomas Powell, Betsy Powell, Wm. Hainbly, John Tupper, Thomas Grigg, Wm. Hawse, Ann Hawes, (their six children) William, John, Ann and Mary Jane, Thomas and Matilda Hawes, Wm. Oliver, Honor Husband, Philippa Husband, Isabella Whitehair, John Lanyon, Hesther Lanyon, (their four children) Caroline, Esther, Kate and John Lanyon, John Ellott, Mary Ellott, (their three children) James, Maryann and Elizabeth Ellott, Alfred Penphrase, Andrew Elvins, Thos. Best.


Joseph Prophet, Mate; Thos. Henry Sloggett, Carpenter; Thos. Horsewell, 2nd Mate; Thos. Robert Langford, Sail-Maker; Thos. Thomas, seaman; Josiah England, Cook; Thos. Hoskin Jennings, Seaman; Richard Bolt, Seaman; Edgar Octavius Broad, Cabinboy; John Sandry, Apprentice; Thos. Cook, Apprentice; Jonathon Webber Phillips, Apprentice; Joseph William, Steward.

The wind increased through the day and there were indications of a rough night. The canvass was accordingly lessened on her gradually till night. At midnight it blew very hard. All hands were called up to take in or reef the sails. Very few of us slept after midnight and in the morning when I went on deck the sea was running very high, and nearly all the canvass was taken in from the brig. The fire was not lit by the passengers till towards the evening on the Tuesday, as several were sick and the ship rolled so much that there was scarcely any standing. And our company were nearly all sick besides (except) myself and the boys and I felt qualmish. It was Bros. Hooper and Heal's week for cooking and doing the work. On Monday they pared some potatoes and made some dough for a pie, but they could go no further, and I was obliged to make the fire myself or go without dinner. Indeed, as it was, it was near supper as dinnertime when it was cooked. We went to bed with things in sad confusion and by the morning they were much worse. I got up and by great effort set things a little straight, but the rolling of things from side to side in the cabin, with the upsetting of cups and bottles and myself rolling about after them while hardly anyone rendered any assistance, was a trial to my patience and I was almost ready to leave it as carelessly as my companions did; but most likely their not lending a hand was more for want of ability than through lack of inclination. However, after great effort for some hours and after breaking a plate and a cup or two and upsetting a number of things, I got things a little more comfortable and took a little piecrust for my breakfast. The wind died away in the day and the sea became more still, so that in the afternoon I was able to read a little on deck.

Wed. 29. - The wind that died away the preceding evening rose high again in the night and the additional canvass that was previously spread was taken down before morning. In the morning the wind was high and against us, and the sea ran high all the day. Consequently we scarcely made any progress and the vessel rolled so much that we could scarcely stand, sit or lie without holding fast. In fetching the water in the morning Br. Heal was thrown from one side of the ship to the other and struck himself against the bulwarks and knocked off the handle and otherwise injured the tin can. It took three of us to cook a pancake, one to hold the pan on the fire, another to turn it and a third to hold the dish, for each one was obliged to hold fast by one hand while he worked with the other, and the wind blew plenty of ashes in our eyes as well as in the pan. In the evening I had prepared some fish and potatoes to boil, but before I set it on the fire the sea broke over us, gave me a good drenching and away went the saucepan, fish and potatoes over the deck and I after them over shoes in water. After much ado I succeeded in recovering the fish and most of the potatoes again and at lenght succeeded in getting a supper. This was the third ducking I had in the day and my feet were not properly dry after the former before they were thoroughly wet again by the latter. We have had no rain for the day. Besides being drenched in seawater I had two or three tumbles in the day, in one of which I bruised my arm and finger.

Thurs. 30. - The vessel rolled much in the night. Found the wind that was blowing from the S.W. when we went to bed blowing from the N.W. when we got up. The wind was but little through the day and that little against us. The captain informed us that we had gone only about 6 miles in the right direction during the 24 hours past. Had a prayer meeting in our cabin in the evening, but not full victory.

Fri. May 1. - Wind N.W., progress little. Spoke to the "Crown" from Orkney Isles, bound to Quebec. We saw them ahead in the morning and passed them about noon. - The hobby horse was kept up on board by the sailors, but such a combination of filthiness and folly I never before witnessed.- The second mate was foolish enough to be the principal actor in the disgraceful scene. An ugly mask was provided and a covering of a tarred canvass came down over the body of the person and a pole went out in front with something at the end very imperfectly resembling a horse's head and a kind of tail hung behind. This person with this disgusting mask over his person ran about the deck after the sailors and passengers, and afterwards the sailors greased and smutted their hands and rubbed them over the faces of those persons they could catch. Most of us kept below, but Br. Hooper, who was cook, got some black marks on his face and would have fared worse had he not threatened to defend himself with the poker. John Heal and Sampson shared the same fate. I felt quite ashamed and disgusted at such folly and was really mortified that such an exhibition should be made within view of the crew of another vessel, and told the captain so. He said he thought it should be the last time that he would allow it. I expect the discountenance we gave it checked their proceedings, so that in the evening, when we were given to understand that it should be practised more fully, there was but a very feeble attempt and it died quite away. May it die to live no more! Amen. Amen.

Sat. 2nd. - The Captain corrected one of the apprentices in the morning for not readily doing what he was told. It was I believe Painful to the feelings of all. Some were disposed to blame the Captain, thinking it is wrong to chastise a person of man's stature with a rope, but the captain of a ship is certainly in a critical place, and it is absolutely necessary that his authority should be maintained; otherwise the safety of the ship and the lives of all on board would be in jeopardy. For anything we have before seen to the contrary, the Captain is certainly a very quiet, and well disposed man. Some person took a loaf of bread belonging to us out of the oven. The captain said he would punish all the sailors if it were not returned, but I begged him not to punish all for the sake of one.

Sun. May 3. - Wet and windy and the wind against us. - We had a comfortable class meeting in our cabin in the afternoon, but no public service for the day. The rolling of the ship made most of us feel qualmy.

Mon. 4th. - A stormy night, wet morning and wind against us. - About noon the wind became more favourable, but it died away towards evening. The last two or three rough nights we have made a wreck of our things, and the wind and rain made cooking on deck very uncomfortable. I got several knocks and tumbles. Saw a large barque swiftly sailing before the wind in her homeward course, but did not get near enough to speak nor to see what vessel she was.

Tues. 5th. - In the morning it was a calm, the helmsman had foresaken his post, but after a while a breeze sprung up and wafted us in the right direction. At noon the wind considerably increased and drove us between 8 and 9 knots an hour, but toward evening it veered around nearly west again and blew almost a gale. The rain in the afternoon kept most of us below with the hatchway shut and a candle burning to give us light. Some time was spent in singing.and in reading William's "Missionary Records".

Wed. 6th. - A very cold damp air in the morning with mist, but it cleared up afterwards, though it continued cold all day. Wind against us. The Captain said that we have not sailed more than 100 miles towards Quebec for (during) the last week. Purposed having a prayer meeting in our cabin, but seasickness came on Sr. Hooper, which prevented it.

Thurs. 7. - A fine morning, not so cold as yesterday. Wind rather more favourable, though as it became favourable it died away. The Ocean's Queen, a briganteen, passed to the windward of us in the morning. She showed her longitude 41- ours was computed to be only 36'10. When first seen by friends on deck she was nearly as far astern as they could see and about noon she was so far ahead as to be nearly invisible. Our vessel sails well with a fair breeze, and she passes over the waves without shipping scarcely any sea, but she will not sail so close to the wind as some ships that we have met within our passage, which makes considerably against our progress with a contrary wind. In the afternoon we saw a steamer homeward bound but she was several miles to windward. Had a prayer meeting in our cabin in the afternoon and felt it a good time. Proposed having a prayer meeting tomorrow to pray for a fair wind.- We spent a considerable time in the steerage singing hymns and joining in prayer at the close of the day.

Fri. 8. - Head wind and very squally- cold- showers of hail.- Felt blast in the prayer meeting. May the Lord answer our supplication and waft us on to our destination!

Sat. 9. - A calm fine day, but wind still ahead. Nine vessels in sight.

Sun. 10. - Head wind and blowing fresh and cold- a very different day from yesterday except that the wind is the same way it has been for the last nine days, quite against us.- Preached in the steerage at 2 ½ o'clock to the passengers and captain, but no one of the ship's company beside the captain was present. Alas! They live as though salvation was a subject that did not belong to them. I felt blest in preaching from Johr III.19 and spoke as plainly and pointedly to them as I could.- After preaching we had a profitable class meeting in our apartment. It was a thick cold fog so that we could hold no meeting on deck, therefore some of the friends spent some time together in the steerage reading the Scriptures.

Mon. 11. - Fair in the morning and two of the studsails were put up, but the wind soon veered around towards the west and obliged them to be taken down again. Some of us began to suspect that we were getting on the Banks of Newfoundland, and the requisites were set in order for sounding. It was not done, however on that day.

Tues. 12. - Sounded at 8 o'clock in the morning and found ourselves on the Banks in 40 fathoms of water.- The course of the vessel was altered to avoid the Virgin Rocks. Pretty strong wind most of the day with a thick fog and at times a heavy rain which made it very difficult getting on deck or keeping our hatchway open. - Indeed some did not get up all day and those who did were obliged to shut themselves up and burn a candle below, and then the dropping of the rain on them together with the rolling of the vessel and great cold made their situation extremely uncomfortable. The horn was kept blowing all day and last night and yesterday to prevent accident by other vessels coming in contact.

Wed. 13. - A dry clear day, very different from yesterday, though it continues very cold. A blessed time while Br. Hooper was praying in the evening. Tacking about to get further South. Got out the Book parcels and dried them as they were wetted with the heavy rain which came into our chest yesterday.- The captain gave me some old canvass to tie them up.

Thurs. 14. - Finished the "Emigrators' Handbook", furnishing I should judge useful information to such as emigrate to the States. A very fine day- becalmed, but unfortunately the water was too deep to catch any fish. The Captain informed me this evening that we are about 90 miles further South and the same distance further East than we were two days ago, and unless the wind blew in a different direction than that in which the very gentle breeze which sprung up before we came below, that they must alter their course and go further East still, before morning.

Fri. 15. - Tacking about all day in consequence of contrary wind. Saw an iceberg in the horizon on the starboard side of the vessel.- A fine clear day, but we found it difficult to keep ourselves warm, the air being so very sharp.

Sat. 16. - Wind still against us.- Saw several icebergs in the course of the day, particularly towards evening; but happily they were all at a distance. Saw a great number of ice-birds, some resembling larks, though larger and of a deeper colour, blackish on the back and white under the belly. They would sometimes dive under the water and remain a considerable time. Some on board amused themselves in shooting at them. Several were killed and we saw one that was wounded struggling in the water as we sailed past it. And another large bird that was shot dead was followed by its mate, which hovered round and at length settled by its dead body as it floated on the water. This was all done wantonly, as there was no prospect of getting any that were shot. (In) The evening we gave the crew a cake each and some cocoa, at which they were much pleased. It was intended to hold a meeting afterwards, but a coldness of the weather made it inconvenient to have it on deck and there was no other place convenient. We therefore judged it best to put off the meeting till tomorrow.

Sun. 17. - We were becalmed in the evening and the Ship's company with the passengers who were not pious let down their fishing lines to endeavour to catch some cod. We signified our disapprobation and were very glad that all their endeavours were fruitless.- No fish were caught; so about noon a little breeze sprung up and the Captain ordered the sails to be spread to the breeze and we were wafted onward in our course.- The wind however did not blow fair but a very few minutes till it got nearly west again, a direction in which it has been blowing with but very few hours exception for the last 17 days. This afternoon Br. Ebbett gave us an address on Prov. "Blessed is the man that findeth wisdom", and compared human life to a voyage, showing that a strong ship, experienced commander, necessary provision and a successful termination constituted a happy voyage, and showed this was to be obtained by sailing in the ship of true wisdom or piety. Held our class meeting afterwards.

Mon. 18. - A calm in the forenoon, so the sails were pulled up and nearly all hands went a fishing, but with all our attempts we caught but four. The Captain divided these between the ship's company and the passengers, assigning one to the forecastle, another to the cabin, the largest to the passengers in the steerage and the smallest to us, as we were so many fewer than they. We saw some fishing vessels lying at anchor near us having apparently a plenty of fish on board.

Tues. 19. - Thick fog with rain and a brisk breeze most of the day. The Captain has been unable to take the latitude by the sun since Saturday. As we get in the neighbourhood of land with this thick fog, he felt rather anxious, especially as the land was on our lee. In the evening the wind changed suddenly and soon after died away.

Wed. 20. - A clear fine day, very different from yesterday, though the weather has been cold, particularly in the morning, the night was very cold with heavy rain and sleet which froze in the rigging, and the men had to get up two or three times in the night to reef or alter sails, as it blew a strong. Saw a great number of porpoise and sea birds, among which was a species of gulls of finer plumage than those in England.

Thurs. 21. - A fine day and fair wind, but it became cold towards evening.

Fri. 22nd. - The past a severe night, strong wind with rain, sleet and snow which froze about the mast and rigging, but the weather became more and more pleasant throughout the day and a little after sunset land was discovered on our larboard bow - Cape Breton.

Sat. 23. - A delightful day, sailing before a gentle breeze all day with Cape Breton in view on the larboard side. In the evening we came in sight of St. Paul's at the entrance of the Gulf. We saw the revolving light of its light-house while on deck before we went to bed. It cheered all our hearts to see land after being so long without seeing anything besides sea and sky with the exception of now and then discovering a vessel. We saw no less than 11 vessels sailing in the same or nearly the same direction as ourselves and were near enough to two or three of them to see their names with the spy-glass.

Sun. 24. - Sixth Sabbath on the deep. We entered the Gulf last night, and just as we were entering it, lying almost becalmed, suddenly a strong breeze sprang up. - The Captain was below undressed, but as there was a great deal of canvass on the vessel he ran on deck instantly undressed as he was and soon all hands were busily engaged in taking in sail.- In the evening we passed the Bird Rocks. Large rocks in the Gulf where many a vessel has been lost and where the fowls of heaven remain unmolested. by thousands, except when some sailors choose to land for the sake of taking their eggs. - We also saw Magdalen Islands on our larboard bows. Br. Hooper preached in the evening from I John "If we say we have no sin, " etc. and my wife preached in the afternoon from . "Return ye to the strongholds, ye prisoners of hope." We intended to have a meeting again in the evening, but the sailors were busy setting stun-sails and very few seemed inclined to engage in a divine service on deck. Our class meeting was held as usual and in the evening my wife had some conversation in our apartment with Honor Husband.

Mon. 25. - The last night it was very heavy rain with thunder and lightening, but though the sailors got wet jackets we neither felt nor saw it, as we were snug in our berths. We however heard the rain pouring down copiously on the decks above our heads. The day had been fine and wind fair so that we are making considerable progress. In the after part of the day we have had the main land in sight on our left and Anticosti on our right, though the latter was nearly obscured by mist.

Tues. 26. - Wind fair except for a few hours when we were nearly becalmed and carried by the current towards the South coast which was visible all day, is very mountainous and mostly covered with wood.- We could see the snow on the mountains several places, and this the Captain told us is the case all through the summer. One mountain which could be seen towering above the rest in the distance and called St. Ann's is 4000 feet high. The captain said it is visible 80 or 90 miles distant.- We also saw several fisherman's houses on the beach looking very white. The land on the North side was also visible at certain times, but it was more distant and much obscured by fog.

Wed 27. - Damp foggy weather.- Sailing up the right before a fair breeze.- Were more and more delighted with the appearance of the country.

Thurs. 28. - Arrived at the Quarantine ground early in the morning. Several vessels waiting to be visited by the Dr. and some detained by sickness.- The smallpox had afflicted some on board one vessel. We saw a number of persons on the Quarantine ground cleansing themselves and their apparel before they would be allowed to proceed. The Dr. went into the steerage and looked into our apartment and numbered us. He was highly pleased and readily gave the captain a certificate telling him that it was the cleanest ship and passengers he had passed during the spring. Here we learned that the Clio which sailed from Padstow 4 days before us., had passed up the river 9 days before us. After having been detained 4 or 5 hours waiting for the Dr. we sailed up to Quebec and arrived thither before the steamers sailed for Montreal, but we could not leave the vessel before we were boarded by the customary officers. The Physician and another officer (tide waiter, I think) boarded us the same evening, but the Custom house officer did not come until about 3 o'clock the next day, though we were ordered to have all our things on deck in readiness to be examined at 9 o'clock in the morning. We were very busy in the morning packing and getting out our things and after they were taken on deck they lay there for hours in the rain without any covering. All were very anxious for his coming especially the barge man whom the Captain hired to take us to the steamer and who had waited for us from 3 o'clock in the morning. The ceremony of examining our luggage was soon over when commenced and after a hard tug we first got all our luggage on board the barge and then got it on board the Montreal steamer, and by persuasion through the intercession of Mr. Harvey, with whom Mr Hambly was acquainted, we had a passage in the saloon or steerage fare, a favour for which we were heartily glad, as the steamer was thronged with Irish. Before the steamer sailed, some of us went into the town for a short time, and about 5 o'clock departed for Montreal, a distance of miles, whither we arrived a quarter before six the next morning.

Sat. 30. - We worked hard and were as expeditious as possible in getting our things on the quay. Then we left the greatest part with the goods while some of us went to make enquiries about a conveyance to Kingston. At length we agreed to go in a steam boat by way of Bytown and accordingly left Montreal about 5 o'clock in the evening. It was well for us and our luggage that the day was fine, as it was exposed in the open air all day till we got it on board the Bytown Steamer in the middle of the afternoon.

Sun. 31. - All day going up the canal.and river to Bytown, whither we arrived about 10 at night. We were hindered about two hours in passing the locks, and by landing some of the passengers whose room was better than their company. We were sadly afraid of the vermin, as we saw some of the Irish picking off the lice from their apparel in large numbers.- One family of Methodists however was (formed) an exception and were very decent, sober and agreeable fellow travellers. We were very sorry to spend our Sabbeth without any means of grace.

Mon. June 1. - Yesterday and today very hot indeed. At a place where we got some milk, butter and bread the people informed us that they had this weather here about a fortnight. What a contrast between this and the Banks of Newfoundland!

Tues. 2. - Arrived in the morning at Kingston, a quicker passage than they ever had before by the Canal. Got our things on board the Chief Justice Steamer and in the afternoon departed for Cobourg.

Wed. 3. - Early in the morning arrived at Cobourg; met Br. Rippin on the wharf and were conducted to the preachers' home. In consequence of no place being provided for us to stop at we had additional trouble and expense, as we had to put our things into a store till arrangements were made. In the course of the day we got comfortable lodgings and had our luggage conveyed thither. We were a little disappointed in two things. First, Cobourg and other towns that we saw were so much like the towns at home that we could scarcely imagine ourselves so far from our native land. And secondly we were disappointed in the chapel and preachers' house at Cobourg, not finding them as neat and comforttable as we anticticipated.- Men were at work however about the Chapel, having made considerable addition thereto.

Sat. 6. - Been busy since Wednesday unpacking our things, etc. By some means the bookcase in which some articles of apparel, china and glass had been packed got sadly handled and the wet had penetrated all through our end. The bookcase itself was broken, as was a great part of the glass and china, and some of the linen and a few books completely soaked with water. – Went out this day as far as Precious-Corner and saw W. Cook from Brighton, Mr. Jennings from Somerset and other persons from England.

Sun. 7. - Heard Br. Hooper preach in the evening at the re-opening of Cobourg Chape, and preached myself the afternoon and evening. Had a pretty good day and the collection was good also considering the liberality displayed before. Nearly all the expense of enlargement is met.

Tues. 9. - Brs. Christopher and Thomas Courtice having come to Cobourg from Darlington the preceding evening, Br. Hooper and myself left with them early this morning for Darlington, where a meeting was appointed to arrange respecting our stations the following Thursday. Called on Mr. and Mrs. Allin from Sutcombe on the way, at Newcastle, whom we found very comfortably situated having this day moved into a new and commodious house which Mr. Allin has built. It is however far from being finished. Here we met with Br. Tapp and he pressed me to accompany him to his appointment about 4 miles to the North. Saw Mrs. Hooper whose husband was killed with the mill. Had few people at the meeting, as both the Methodist and Church of England ministers were preaching at the School house - both had appointed to preach at the same time, but one had to wait, I suppose till the other had finished.

Wed. 10. - Met with Brs. Green, Rippin and Ebbett at friend Elford's, where we also found Br. and Sr. Elford from Trewidland. We judged, as some misunderstandings existed in reference to Br. Bynon's going to England, that it would be best to go to Bowmanville this afternoon and have an interview with Br. Bynon and the other brethren. Accordingly, leaving Br. Ebbett to preach, we departed, Br. Rippin and myself in a light wagon and Brs. Green and Tapp on horse-back. We found the advantage of this arrangement and our meeting the next day went off very well. Br. Hooper is to go to Wisconsin, Br. Rippin to Ohio, Br. Ebbett to Darlington, us (we) to Petersborough, and the other appointments to remain as ordered by the District Meeting. Saw Br. and Sr. Thorne and family, Rd. Harper, Br. and Sr. Werry, G. Pound and many other friends. All appear well pleased with America, and certainly not without cause.

Sher Leetooze
Robin Potter.

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