MedlinePlus Drug Information: Androgens (Systemic)

Androgens (Systemic)

Brand Names

Some commonly used brand names are:

In the U.S.A.

  • Androderm3
  • AndroGel3
  • Android2
  • Android-F1
  • Andro L.A. 2003
  • Andronate 1003
  • Andronate 2003
  • Andropository 2003
  • Andryl 2003
  • Delatest3
  • Delatestryl3
  • Depotest3
  • Depo-Testosterone3
  • Everone 2003
  • Halotestin1
  • ORETON Methyl2
  • T-Cypionate3
  • Testamone 1003
  • Testaqua3
  • Testex3
  • Testoderm3
  • Testoderm with Adhesives3
  • Testoderm TTS3
  • Testopel Pellets3
  • Testred2
  • Testred Cypionate 2003
  • Testrin-P.A.3
  • Virilon2
  • Virilon IM3

In Canada

  • Andriol3
  • Delatestryl3
  • Depo-Testosterone Cypionate3
  • Halotestin1
  • Malogen in Oil3
  • Metandren2
  • Scheinpharm Testone-Cyp3

Note:

For quick reference, the following androgens are numbered to match the corresponding brand names.
This information applies to the following medicines
1.  Fluoxymesterone (floo-ox-i-MES-te-rone)
2.  Methyltestosterone (meth-il-tes-TOS-te-rone)
3.  Testosterone (tes-TOS-te-rone)
‡  Generic name product may be available in the U.S.
§  Generic name product may be available in Canada
*  Not commercially available in the U.S.
†  Not commercially available in Canada

Category

Description

Androgens (AN-droe-jens) are male hormones. Some androgens are naturally produced in the body and are necessary for the normal sexual development of males.

Androgens are used for several reasons, such as:

In addition, some of these medicines may be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Androgens are available only with your doctor's prescription, in the following dosage forms:



Before Using This Medicine

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For androgens, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to androgens. Also tell your health care professional if you are allergic to any other substances, such as foods, preservatives, or dyes.

Pregnancy

Androgens are not recommended during pregnancy. When given to pregnant women, the medicine has caused male features to develop in female babies.

Breast-feeding

Use is not recommended in nursing mothers, since androgens may pass into the breast milk and may cause unwanted effects in the nursing baby, such as premature (too early) sexual development in males and development of male features in female babies.

Children

Androgens may cause children to stop growing. In addition, androgens may make male children develop too fast sexually and may cause male-like changes in female children.

Older adults

When older male patients are treated with androgens, they may have an increased risk of enlarged prostate (a male gland) or their existing prostate cancer may get worse. For these reasons, a prostate examination and a blood test to check for prostate cancer is often done before androgens are prescribed for men over 50 years of age. These examinations may be repeated during treatment.

Other medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking androgens, it is especially important that your health care professional know if you are taking any of the following:

Other medical problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of androgens. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:



Proper Use of This Medicine

Take this medicine only as directed. Do not take more of it and do not take it more often than your doctor ordered . Doing so may increase the chance of side effects.

There are two types of testosterone skin patches. The matrix-type is applied to skin of the scrotum. The reservoir-type is never applied to the skin of the scrotum. It is applied to other parts of the body. Be sure you know which type you are using so that you will apply it properly. These skin patches come with patient directions. Read them carefully before using the patch.

For patients taking fluoxymesterone or methyltestosterone:

For patients using the matrix-type skin patch of testosterone (Testoderm or Testoderm with Adhesives):

For patients using the reservoir-type skin patch of testosterone (Androderm or Testoderm TTS):

Dosing

The dose of these medicines will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of these medicines. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The number of capsules or tablets that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are taking the androgen.

Missed dose

For oral dosage forms: If you miss a dose of this medicine and your dosing schedule is:

For topical dosage forms (patches): If you miss a dose of this medicine or your patch falls off within 12 hours after applying it and cannot be reapplied, skip the rest of the dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

If you have any questions about this, check with your doctor.

Storage

To store this medicine:


Precautions While Using This Medicine

Your doctor should check your progress at regular visits to make sure this medicine does not cause unwanted effects.

For patients with diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes) :

For patients using the brand name Testoderm patches (matrix-type):

For patients using the brand name Androgel


Side Effects of This Medicine

Side Effects of This MedicineDiscuss these possible effects with your doctor:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects appear very often, when they do occur they may require medical attention. Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:

Other side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. However, check with your doctor if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome:

Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your doctor.


Additional Information

Once a medicine has been approved for marketing for a certain use, experience may show that it is also useful for other medical problems. Although these uses are not included in product labeling, androgens are used in certain patients with the following medical conditions:

Other than the above information, there is no additional information relating to proper use, precautions, or side effects for these uses.