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  1. Linda May Giger, posted on the LDS web site.
  2. marriage announcement in newspaper dated 2 Oct 1935.
  3. 1920 US Census, page 5, line 3.
  4. conversation in 12/2001.
  5. personal account, personal account.
  6. Anne Boyer.
  7. Clyde Boyer, conversation.
  8. .
  9. 1910 US Census.
  10. draft registration card showing information supplied by himself.
  11. :, The Democratic Sentinel newspaper, 1/4/1910.
  12. , death certifcate no. (68354),,.
  13. US, PA, Columbia Co, Bloomsburg District 4 pg 37, line 32.
  14. The Bloomsburg Morning Press, Tuesday 7 Aug 1951.
  15. 1930 US Census. US, Pennsylvania, Columbia Co, Bloomsburg - pg 9, line 30.
  16. Georgann Cook Sutherland, conversation about the birth of George W. Cook.
  17. PA, Montour Co, Derry Twp, pg 9, line 21.
  18. copy rec'd 7/21/2005.
  19. Baptismal records for the United Church of Christ at Strawberry Ridge, Derry Twp, Montour Co, PA.
  20. page 6, line 56.
  21. Ibid., page 8, line 64 PA, Berks County, Upper Bern Township.
  22. Social Security Index, internet search.
  23. research done by Hazel M Sheehan on my behalf.
  24. 1900 US Census.
  25. Ibid., PA, Columbia Co., Montour Twp., Page 11 Line 41.
  26. 1910 US Census, internet seach.
  27. US Social Security Records, found on web page 1/2/02.
  28. 1900 US Census, PA, Columbia Co., Montour Twp, pg 11 line 42.
  29. 1880 Census. US, PA, Columbia County, Montour Township; page 14, line 7.
  30. Donald A Boyer, American Boyers (York, PA: The Association of American Boyers, 1984), pg 50.
  31. 1900 US Census, pA, Columiba Co, Montour Twp, pg 11, line 43.
  32. Ibid., PA, Columbia Co, Montour twp, pg 11, line 44.
  33. Social Security Index. Social Security Number: 190-20-1095 State or Territory Where Number Was Issued: Pennsylvania Actual Death Residence: Pennsylvania.
  34. 1900 US Census, PA, Columbia Co, Montour Twp, pg 11, line 45.
  35. Ibid., PA, Columbia co, Montour Twp, pg 11, line 46.
  36. draft registration card showing information supplied by himself, dated 6/5/1917.
  37. 1900 US Census, PA, Columbia Co, Montour Twp, pg 11, line 47.
  38. Ibid., PA, Columbia Co, Montour Twp, pg 11, line 48.
  39. 1880 Census. PA, Columbia County, Franklin Twp. page 8, lines 20 - 31.
  40. 1850 Census, PA, Montour Co, Franklin Twp, pg 1, line 25.
  41. Geneological Library, Salt Lake City, UT, internet search.
  42. Linda May Giger.
  43. 1880 Census, 1880 Columbia Co, Bloomsburg, ED 166 pg 36.
  44. Clyde Boyer interviewed Phillip Ralph Giger on 12/31/2004, and was told that Hiram was the father of Clara B Bird.
  45. PA, Northumberland Co, Riverside pg 3.
  46. US, Columbia Co, Bloomsburg District 4 pg 37, line 31.
  47. personal observation.
  48. Records of marriages from the United Church of Christ at Strawberry Ridge, Derry Twp, Montour Co, PA.
  49. records from the courthouse in Danville, Montour Co, PA.
  50. 1870 Census, PA, Montour Co, Derry Twp. pg 13 line 30.
  51. 1880 Census, PA, Montour Co, Derry Twp, pg 16, line 36.
  52. Social Security Index.
  53. copy rec'd 7/21/2005, # 3532843.
  54. copy of will as it appears in courthouse records.
  55. page 6, line 54.
  56. 1910 US Census, pg line, line 26.
  57. page 6, line 55.
  58. Ibid., US, PA, Northumberland Co, Rush Twp, pg 6 line 57.
  59. 1860 US Census. PA, Berks County, Tulphehocken Twp. page 2, line 10.
  60. 1880 Census, PA, Berks Co, Tulpehocken Twp pg 2.
  61. PA, Berks Co, Tulphehocken Twp. Dist 113 pg 8.
  62. History of the Kreider Family. Series: 31 Installments Abbrev: Kreider Family History Author: Rev J G FRANCIS Publication: Daily News, Lebanon, Lebanon Co, PA, 1919 Repository:.
  63. page line 9 PA, Berks County, Upper Bern Township.
  64. Ibid., page 3 line 10 PA, Berks Coutny, Upper Bern Township.
  65. Ibid., page 3, line 12, PA, Berks County, Upper Bern Township.
  66. Ibid., page 8, line 61 PA, Berks County, Upper Bern Township.
  67. Ibid., page 8, line 63.
  68. Ibid., US, PA, Berks Co, Tilden Twp pg 6, line 52.
  69. Dorothy Elison, telephone conversation with Anne.
  70. 1910 US Census, internet search.
  71. Bureau of Vital Statistics, Department of Health. File No. 63767. Register No. 167, Dated 16 June 1929.
  72. Buried at St. Lukes Cemetery, Shoemakersville, Berks Co, PA, given by James Kunkle, Denver, CO.
  73. Ibid.
  74. Ibid., Maidencreek Cemetery, Blandon, PA.
  75. Ibid., in St. Luke's Cemetery, Perry Twp, Berks Co.
  76. US, PA, Schuylkill Co, Pottsville 6th Ward ED# 191 pg8 line 58.
  77. 1930 US Census, US, PA, Schuylkill Co, Pottsville, District 95 pg 10.
  78. US, PA, Schuylkill Co, Pottsville 6th Ward ED# 191 pg 8 line 59.
  79. Footnote The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index (R) (Copyright (c) 1980, 2002, data as of November 3, 2003) Footnote (subsequent) The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index (R) Bibliography The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. International Genealogical Index (R). Copyright (c) 1980, 2002, data as of November 3, 2003. Repository (primary) Family History Library.
  80. 1870 Census, US, PA, Lycoming Co, Jordan Twp, - pg 9.
  81. 1850 Census, PA, Montour Co., Franklin Twp, pg 1, line 26.
  82. Ibid., PA, Montour Co, Franklin Twp, pg 1, line 27.
  83. internet correspondence where she shared much of her research information with me.
  84. 1860 US Census. page 23 line12; PA, Columbia County, Catawissa Township.
  85. GEDCOM file submitted by K Smith, ksmith8@cox.net. Created on . Imported on 26 Oct 2003.
  86. Columbia-Montour-Lycoming County PA Archives Biographies.....REIMARD, Charles H. 1862 - living in 1899 Copyright. All rights reserved. https://sites.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/copyright.htm https://sites.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/pa/pafiles.htm contributed for use in USGenWeb Archives by: Joy Fisher sdgenweb@yahoo.com July 5, 2005, 3:47 pm Author: Biographical Publishing Co.
  87. 1870 Census. US, PA, Montour County, Valley Twp. page 10, lines 21 - 30.
  88. 1880 Census. US, PA, Montour Co., Valley Twp pg. 6, lines 14-20.
  89. LDS Family History Library, Batch number:DatesSource Call No.TypePrintout Call No.TypeC0378611830-1856 Film Film.
  90. 1900 Census Pennsylvania, Montour County, page 6, June 1900.
  91. of Columiba and Montour Counties, Pennsylvania (J.H Beers & Co. 1915), pg 1119.
  92. page 27, line 54.
  93. Ibid., US, PA, Columbia Co, Hemlock Twp, pg 11, line 34.
  94. 1860 US Census, 1860 US, PA, Northumberland Co, Rush Twp - pg 3.
  95. 1850 Census, Augusta Twp, Northumberland Co, PA pg 14.
  96. MRT197_269946.
  97. 1870 Census, 1870 US, PA, Montour Co, Liberty Twp - pg 24.
  98. PA, Montour co, Derry Twp, pg 9, line 20.
  99. Death Records for the United Church of Christ at Strawberry Ridge, Derry Twp, Montour Co, PA.
  100. PA, Montour co, Derry Twp, pg 9, line 17.
  101. 1860 US Census. US, PA, Northumberland Co, Rush Twp. pg 6, lines 3-6.
  102. 1850 Census. US, PA, Northumberland Co, , Rush Twp.
  103. 1880 Census. US, PA, Northumberland Co, Rush Twp pg 33, lines 30-31.
  104. 1860 US Census, PA, Berks County, Tulphehocken Twp. page 2, line 8.
  105. Oscar J Hardegan, compiler, Keeney-Kiene Families of the Tulpehocken (Berks Co, Pennsylvania: Tulphehocken Settlement Historical Society, 1992), pg 2.
  106. 1860 US Census, US, Berks County, Tulpehocken Twp. page 2, line 8.
  107. Daniel Wenger. used information provided atAncestry.com and referenced to this web address: www.wengersundial.com/DLWREF.HTM.
  108. 1860 US Census. PA, Berks County, Tulphehocken Twp. page 2, line 11.
  109. Ibid., PA, Berks County, Bethel Township, page 18, line 26.
  110. Ibid., page 18, line 27.
  111. History of the Kreider Family. Title: History of the Kreider Family, Series: 31 Installments Abbrev: Kreider Family History Author: Rev J G FRANCIS Publication: Daily News, Lebanon, Lebanon Co, PA, 1919 Repository: Name: Living /Kreider/ Page: 13:3, 13.
  112. 1870 Census, PA, Berks Co, Upper Bern Twp, pg 7, line 19.
  113. PA, Berks Co, Upper Bern Twp, pg 2, line 58.
  114. granddaughter to Wilson Degler, note written to Mrs. Maize Degler dated 9/30/1993.
  115. 1850 Census. PA, Berks Co, Upper Bern Twp, pg 34, line 25; (living with Henry and Caroline Gordner).
  116. ,:, Blue Mtn Church, Upper Tulpehocken Twp, Berks Co, PA.
  117. page 12, line 85 PA, Berks county, Upper Tulpehocken Twp.
  118. 1860 US Census, page 8 line #33.
  119. Ibid., page 8 line 40.
  120. page 12, line 86.
  121. Records 1853 - 1871. Baptismal Records of Saint Michael's Church 529 St. Michael's Church Road Hamburg, PA 19526 Tilden Township Berks Co., PA.
  122. 1880 Census. Vol. 13, ED-36, page 30, line 31.
  123. James Kunkel, his personal family research, which is extensive!.
  124. 1880 Census, PA, Berks, Co, Perry Twp, pg 1, line 50.
  125. Ibid., PA, Berks Co, Perry Twp, pg 2 line 1.
  126. 1860 US Census. US, PA, Schuylkill Co, Norwegian Twp, pg 14, line 12.
  127. web site information. internet posting at Ancestry.com including research done on this family.
  128. 1850 Census. page 25, line 7; US, PA, Columbia County, Catawissa Township.
  129. 1860 US Census, PA, Columbia County, Montour township pg 3.
  130. Ibid., PA, Columbia Co, Hemlock Twp, pg 7.
  131. Ibid., PA, Columbia County, Montour Twp pg 2.
  132. Meiser, vol. 1, referenced to Gary Roberts, internet info referenced to this book.
  133. GEDCOM file submitted by Victor Bird, vrbird@rocketmail.com. Created on 8 JUL 2000. Imported on 10 Apr 2004.
  134. 1850 Census. Microfilm 119 Roll 769 Columbia County Bloom Twp. 22 Aug., 1850 p296.
  135. 1860 US Census, page 28 line # 5 Columbia County, Bloom Township.
  136. Ibid.
  137. Ibid., PA, Columbia Co, Bloom Twp pg 39.
  138. 1850 Census, Rush Twp, Northumberland Co, PA pg 4.
  139. Ibid., PA, Columbia Co., Hemlock Twp., pg 6 line 22.
  140. Rev. Charles G. Herman Title: Rev. Charles G. Herman, Personal Register Publication: Family History Center Microfilm 0387834.
  141. 1850 Census, US, PA, Schuylkill Co, Minersville Borough - pg 5.
  142. Schuylkill Co, Ryan Twp, pg 1.
  143. web site research done by Elmer Zimmerman ehzimm@lmf.net.
  144. , Keeney-Kiene Families of the Tulpehocken, pg 1.
  145. 1860 US Census, PA, Berks County, Tulphehocken Twp. page 2, line 7.
  146. 1850 Census, PA, Berks Co., Tulpehocken Twp. pg 28, line 26.
  147. , Keeney-Kiene Families of the Tulpehocken, pg 50.
  148. 1850 Census, PA, Berks Co, Tulpehocken Twp, pg 28, line 28.
  149. Ibid., PA, Berks Co., Tulpehocken Twp., pg 28, line 30.
  150. Sandra Kauffman, The Merkey Family of Bethel and Tulpehocken Townships (Bethel, PA: Sandra and John S Kauffman, 1990), pg 113.
  151. History of the Kreider Family, Page: 11:8, 12:42, 43, 13:1.
  152. Marriages Published in the Reading Adler Newspaper (1811-1820) READING, BERKS COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.
  153. Dunkels Church cemetery records, rootsweb.com.
  154. 1870 Census, US, PA, Northumberland Co, Jordan Twp pg 16.
  155. Ibid., US, PA, Northumberland Co, Jordan Twp pg 5.
  156. 1850 Census, Upper Bern Twp, Berks Co, pg 38 line 28.
  157. Ibid., PA, Berks Co, Penn Twp pg 28.
  158. Ibid., PA, Berks Co, Penn Twp., pg 28.
  159. Records 1853 - 1871, volume #1.
  160. 1850 Census, US, PA, Berks Co, Upper Bern Twp - pg 26, 27.
  161. Ibid., Dwl. 19, Fam. 20, page 152, line 27.
  162. Buried at St. Lukes Cemetery, Shoemakersville, Berks Co, PA. Friedens Church & Cemetery Berks County, Pa, Cemetery records, LDS film No. 974.816 V3s, Volume 1).
  163. 1860 US Census, PA, Berks Co, Windsor Twp - pg 36.
  164. Penna Archives, Series 5, Volume III, pg 173.
  165. , American Boyers, volume I, pg 47.
  166. 1850 Census, 1850 US, PA, Montour Co, Derry Twp pg 10.
  167. , The Merkey Family of Bethel and Tulpehocken Townships, pg 20.
  168. History of the Kreider Family. Series: 31 Installments Abbrev: Kreider Family History Author: Rev J G FRANCIS Publication: Daily News, Lebanon, Lebanon Co, PA, 1919 Repository: Name: Living /Kreider/ Page: 10:59, 11:1-6.
  169. 1850 Census, Berks Co, Upper Bern Twp, pg 6.
  170. D. Townsend. letter posted to Ancestry.com regarding Lesher family history.
  171. Ref: Pennsylvania Archives, Vol. X, 2nd Series, Pa, internet search.
  172. 1850 Census, Upper Tulpehocken Twp pg 28.
  173. Morton L Montgomery, rootsweb.com, "," e-mail message from <> () to,.
  174. 15222 Dawn Meadows Drive Houston, TX 77068, submitted information to the LDS website.
  175. 1820 Census. Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, Film M-33, reel 99, page 108-B, line 10.
  176. 1830 Census. Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, Film M-19, reel 143, page 398, line 21.
  177. 1840 Census. Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, Film M-704, reel 436, page 216, line 27.
  178. 1860 US Census. Pa, Lehigh Co, So. White Hall Twp, Dwl. 602, Fam. 638, page 608, line 36.
  179. Frieden's Union Church, Wessnersville, Pa (now Stony Run), Baptism Records.
  180. LDS Family History Library, Film# 1206303, Item 1.
  181. 1840 Census. Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, Film M-704, reel 436, page 216, line 30.
  182. 1850 Census, Pa, Lehigh Co, Lynn Twp, Dwl. 654, Fam. 677.
  183. 1860 US Census. Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, Dwl. 84, Fam. 89, page 13, line 26.
  184. 1850 Census. Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, Dwl. 117, Fam. 126, page 160, line 4.
  185. 1870 Census, Pa, Lehigh Co, Lynn Twp.
  186. 1880 Census. Pa, Lehigh Co, Lynn Twp, ED-211, page 10, line 31.
  187. 1850 Census. Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, Dwl. 13, Fam. 13, page 151-B, line 36.
  188. 1860 US Census. Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, Dwl. 69, Fam. 73, page 11, line 5.
  189. 1880 Census. Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, Kutztown, ED-30, page 8, line 22.
  190. 1860 US Census. Pa, Lehigh Co, Upper Saucon Twp, Dwl. 530, Fam. 577, page 801, line 22.
  191. 1880 Census. Pa, Northampton Co, So. Easton, ED-101, page 38, line 29.
  192. GEDCOM file submitted by Michael Cressler, mccres@yahoo.com. Created on 12 JUN 2000. Imported on 13 Dec 2003.
  193. http://searches1.rootsweb.com/us genweb/archices/pa/montgomery/history/local/mchb0055.txt.
  194. edited by John F Meginness, copyright 1892 chapter 37.
  195. , Keeney-Kiene Families of the Tulpehocken, pg 3.
  196. History of the Kreider Family. Series: 31 Installments Abbrev: Kreider Family History Author: Rev J G FRANCIS Publication: Daily News, Lebanon, Lebanon Co, PA, 1919 Repository: Name: Living /Kreider/ Page: 3:23, 27, 10:44-56.
  197. First Greiter/Kreider Immigrants of Pennsylvania, Series: Pennsylvania, Mennonite, Heritage Abbrev: First Kreider Immigrants Author: John MARSH Jr Note: RIN#1671; OCT,1985 Repository: Name: Living /Engle/ Page: 23.
  198. Jennifer Thunen (descendant of Benneville Lesher), in a letter to Emma Lesher (1877 - 1977), Benneville Lesher's grandaughter, recounting family history. Letter probably written during WWII.
  199. Publication: 974.816, "Historical & Bioraphical An, internet search.
  200. Cyrus Clinton Hiester.
  201. GEDCOM file submitted by Thomas Reinert. Created on 9 SEP 2003. Imported on 24 Oct 2003.
  202. LDS Family History Library, 1988 IGI Index.
  203. 1790 Census, Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, book page 26.
  204. 1800 Census. Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, Film M-32, reel 35, page 548, line 36.
  205. Robert (Bob) A. Raup. Address: 308 - 12th Ave., Indian Rocks Beach, Florida - 34635. (As of January 1994).
  206. LDS Family History Library. Film #1206303, Item #1, submitted by Warren J. Ziegler of Milford, N.J. in 1967.
  207. 1800 Census, Pa, Northampton Co, Lynn Twp, page 54-A, line 14.
  208. 1820 Census. Pa, Columbia Co, Catawissa Twp, Film M-33, reel 101, page 13, line 31.
  209. 1830 Census. Pa, Columbia Co, Catawissa Twp, Film M-19, reel 165, page 157, line 8.
  210. Catherine Kunkel Watson, personal account.
  211. 1810 Census. Pa, Northumberland Co, East Buffalo Twp, Film M-252, reel 53, page 318, line 14.
  212. 1820 Census. Pa, Union Co, Union Twp, Film M-33, reel 113, page 101, line 3.
  213. 1830 Census. Pa, Union Co, Union Twp, Film M-19, reel 149, page 382, line 17.
  214. 1840 Census. Pa, Union Co, Union Twp, Film M-704, reel 496, page 380, line 28.
  215. 1850 Census, Pa, Union Co, New Berlin Boro.
  216. 1860 US Census. Pa, Union Co, New Berlin Boro, Film M-653, reel 1188, Dwl. 419, Fam. 459, page 981, line 14.
  217. 1810 Census. Pa, Northampton Co, East Penn Twp, Film M-252, reel 51, page 3L, line 20.
  218. 1820 Census. Pa, Lehigh Co, Heidelburg Twp, Film M-33, reel 104, page 141, line 13.
  219. 1830 Census. Pa, Lehigh Co, Heidelburg Twp, Film M-19, reel 155, page 17, line 8.
  220. 1840 Census. Pa, Lehigh Co, Heidelburg Twp, Film M-704, reel 469, page 302, line 30.
  221. 1820 Census. Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, Film M-33, reel 99, page 108-B, line 8.
  222. 1830 Census. Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, Film M-19, reel 143, page 398, line 11.
  223. 1840 Census. Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, Film M-704, reel 436, page 216, line 22.
  224. 1850 Census. Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, Film M-432, reel 753, Dwl. 17, Fam. 18, page 152, line 10.
  225. 1860 US Census. Pa, Berks Co, Albany Twp, Klinesville PO, Dwl. 76, Fam. 81, page 12, line 12.
  226. The Pennsylvania Merchant - from Rotterdam, to Philadelphia Sept 11, 1731, listing of passengers.
  227. geneology website kmurph@worldnet.att.net, information from website.
  228. History of the Kreider Family. Series: 31 Installments Abbrev: Kreider Family History Author: Rev J G FRANCIS Publication: Daily News, Lebanon, Lebanon Co, PA, 1919 Repository: Name: Living /Kreider/Page: 3:23-27, 18:41-55.
  229. First Greiter/Kreider Immigrants of Pennsylvania, Series: Pennsylvania, Mennonite, Heritage Abbrev: First Kreider Immigrants Author: John MARSH Jr Note: RIN#1671; OCT,1985 Repository: Name: Living /Engle/ Page: 22, 23.
  230. European Roots of the Bear Family. Series: Pennsylvania, Mennonite, Heritage Abbrev: Bear Family Roots Author: Jane E BEST Note: RIN#1675; JAN 1984 Repository: Name: Living /Engle/ Page: 26.
  231. 15222 Dawn Meadows Drive Houston, TX 77068.
  232. Heinrich P. Gobel. of Steingarten--3, D63584, Grundau-Breitenborn, Germany, at the Parish Register in Kempfenbrunn, Germany. Family records was researched during 1994.
  233. Charles Rhoads Roberts. "History of Lehigh Co, PA", Vol. II, pages 755-758.
  234. Rev'd. Daniel Schumacher. the LDS Library in SLC, Utah, film #940443 - #7 LDS film #20348, item #1.
  235. History of BERKS Co, PA. published 1898, pages 304 - 307 and pages 5009 - 510.
  236. Genealogical and Biographical Records of Berks Co, published in 1909, Vol. II, page 794 - 795.
  237. History of BERKS and LEBANON Co, PA. by Daniel Rupp, published in 1984, Chapter X, page 122.
  238. History of LEHIGH Co, PA, Vol. II, published 1914.
  239. SPINDLE family newsletter, Volume II, No. 1, Jan. 1996, page 16 to 19.
  240. 1790 Census, Pa, Northampton Co, Lynn Twp, book page 175.
  241. 1800 Census. Pa, Northampton Co, Lynn Twp, page 54-A, line 11.
  242. Pat (Stover) Fair. Researched by -. She has worked for many years on these KONKLE lines, and personally traveled to the home grounds to find Original sources. I feel she is a Major researcher on this family with all her original sources. I wish to thank her for all her hard work, and sharing her data with me. Address: 10417 Long Meadow Road, Oklahoma City, OK - 73162.
  243. Robyn Younkin. Researched by - Working on all KONKLE lines in Muncy and Williamsport, Lycoming County, PA. E-Mail: kaune@northernet.com (As of December 1998).
  244. 1810 Census. PA, Lycoming Co, Muncy Twp, Film M-252, reel 52, page 799, line 18.
  245. The Pennsylvania Merchant - from Rotterdam, to Philadelphia Sept 11, 1731, listed as passenger.
  246. First Greiter/Kreider Immigrants of Pennsylvania, Heritage Abbrev: First Kreider Immigrants Author: John MARSH Jr Note: RIN#1671; OCT,1985.
  247. Christina Hoffman and Bob Rowland, December 2000.
  248. Pennsylvania German Pioneers Strassburger and Hincke, volume I, page 383-386, Lists 122A and 122C.
  249. SPINDLE family newsletter, Volume II, No. 3, July 1996, page 67.