Abigail Lydia Mott

 

 

 

 

AMERICA THE GREAT MELTING POT

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Abigail Lydia Mott




Born: 06 Aug 1795 Cow bay, Long Island, NY



Married: 19 Aug 1813  Mamaroneck, NY
 
Oil Painting of Abigail Mott Moore, 1845      On display at Livingston Backus House
Genesee Country Village & Museum    Courtesy of Peter A. Wisbey, Currator of Collections
Died: 04 Sept 1846 Rochester, Monroe Co. NY

 

from Rochester Republican Sept 8, 1846 "Last evening Sept 4th, of Pulmonary Consumption, Abigail L wife of L. M. Moore aged 51 years."
From Rochester Daily Democrat "Saturday Morning Sept 5, 1846 "Last evening the 4th inst. of pulmonary consumption Abigail L. wife of L. M. Moore aged 51 years.
Her friends are invited to attend her funeral from her late residence No 5 Elizabeth St. on tomorrow the 6th, inst. 8 o'clock pm"
Buried: Mt Hope Cemetery, Rochester, Monroe Co., NY
Mary H, Moore, Lindley M Moore Jr., Abigail L Mott Moore, Lindley Murray Moore, Edward Mott Moore (left to right)
 

FATHER

Adam Mott

MOTHER

Ann Mott

HUSBAND

Lindley Murray Moore

CHILDREN

1. Edward Mott Moore  
Edward Mott Moore
2. Gilbert Hicks Moore  
Gilbert Hicks Moore
3. Anne Mott Moore  
Ann Mott Moore Haines
4. Mary H. Moore     
 
5. Lindley Murray Moore  

Lindley Murray Moore, Jr
6. Mary H Moore           
Mary H Moore
7. Richard Mott Moore

 

   
8.Alice Marie Moore
b. Jun 1839
d. Bef 17 Aug 1839
   

 

Notes on Abigail Lydia Mott Moore

By Chase and Susan Brooke 
Dec 2012

We we first started researching Abby, we totally fell in love with her.  She was intelligent, articulate, witty, loving, involved with her community and the Quaker way of life, and a devoted wife and mother.  Her love for her children comes through with every letter we have found.

She was born on Long Island to Adam and Anne Mott in 1795. About that time Nine Partners Boarding School near Poughkeepsie was begun and her grandfather, James Mott,  was "one of its most zealous supporters, and was always on the committee."  (1)  All of her brothers and sisters went to this school and all but Richard served there as teachers. In 1806 her mother, Anne Mott, wrote to Abby and her sister Mary, at Nine Partners, " Sarah is very careful to water Abby's gillyflower, ---- perhaps it will bloom when its dear owner comes home next summer." (2) Abby's sister Sarah was four years older than Abby and already home from boarding school.
Abby received a very good education there.  Quaker schools believed in educating the girls in the same subjects as the boys.
In 1811 her parents moved to Nine Partners to help out with the school and Abby became an assistant teacher at about this same time.  Lindley Murray Moore was already there as a teacher.  They fell in love and became engaged when Abby was seventeen and Lindley twenty-four.  Lindley was not making enough money though to support a family, so in 1812 he set off to establish his own school in Rahway, New Jersey.   The separation between the two young people must have been hard..  Below is a transcript of the lovesick letter Lindley wrote to Abigail from Rahway in 1812. (3)
 

The newlyweds remained in Rahway till November of 1815 when they moved to New York   Lindley took charge of the Boys Department at the Monthly Meeting Friends school there on Pearl Street and they made their home with her parents on Lombardy Street.  It was a full house. Her sister Sarah married in Dec of 1815, Abby was married to Lindley and had a son, Edward, and her brother Richard was eleven years old and a pupil in the school.  They all lived together until 1816. In that year Sarah and her husband, Silas Cornell went to Flushing.  Abby and Lindley rented a house on 61 Crystie Street.  Lindley was earning a generous salary of $1,200 a year. (4)

By this time Gilbert had been born and they had two sons.  Lindley was saving some of his salary and invested in a small house on Market Street which he rented out, continuing to live on Chrystie. (5)  Then prices and salaries began to fall and his salary was reduced first to one thousand dollars and then to eight hundred.  Lindley decided to give up the school and move to Flushing, near Abby's sister, Sarah Mott Cornell.  Lindley opened a boarding and day school for boys in 1821 in Flushing and they remained there until the spring of 1828. (6)  He then moved his school to Westchester, New York, but after a couple of years he was ready to retire from teaching and see if they could have a more tranquil life on a farm.    They purchased 170 acres in Rochester, New York  and moved there in the summer of 1830 (7)

Lindley hired a sloop and he and Abby and their five children and dog, Sambo, went to Albany where they changed into a canal boat arriving in Rochester via the brand new Erie Canal. (9)  Their oldest child, Edward Mott Moore, was sixteen at that time and wrote about his experiences later in life.  “In 1828 my father and mother brought me from New York on a prospecting journey for a home. My mother had a sister (Sarah Mott Cornell) in the neighborhood, so we determined to settle in Rochester. I can remember the joy of travelling along the Erie Canal. It was a graceful, slow, restful progress, never more than five miles an hour. In those days the canal stretched through the forests which had been hewed away for its passage. The great trees stood up close to the bank, so that we passed continually through a tall avenue of great beauty. There was a man in the bow who played most wonderfully on a French horn and won my boyish heart. When we came into the aqueduct I remember how he blew signals of danger, warning other boats to keep back, for there was room for only one boat to pass at a time. One of the passengers on the boat was a congressman from Virginia. He and my father had many a pleasant discussion on slavery. It was only 1828 then, but the seeds were being sown."  (10)
Lindley built a log home and they began their life as farmers in 1830.  Lindley was forty-two and Abby thirty-five.  Their son Richard was born in November of the next year, 1831
 
1904 Postcard of the Erie Canal.  http://www.eriecanal.org/Rochester-4.html
The farm prospered.   "Great crops of the best apples for a winter market grew in the orchard, and loads of apples for the cider mill were gathered in the fall." (8) They began discussing building a new house. Just before the new house was ready to occupy, the old log house accidentally took fire and was burned to the ground.  However, their lovely new home still stands at 22 Lake View Park in Rochester.
This farm became known as "Pomona Hill."  After eight years, Lindley got an offer on the land of $100 per acre.  He had paid only $30 an acres so he consented to sell and they moved to 5 Elizabeth Street in downtown Rochester.  Their daughter, Ann Moore, wrote to her cousin about that time mentioning the move. They were all set to move when they got a letter from Abby's brother Richard.  Nothing was more important than family.  Aunt Elizabeth said that all the children were sick, so Adam Mott and Abby took off for Buffalo.  Everyone was Ok, so they came home, and THEN they moved to #5 Elizabeth Street. (11)
 

 

  At right is the 1904 map of the City of Rochester.  This enlargement is from the center of the city west of the Genesee River.  In June of 1839 Abby wrote, "The house at the corner of Hill St and the alley west of us has been sold for $1000 and the new owner is putting on an addition, new fence around the yard and painting it up, quite an improvement in appearance from our back door." (11a)

In 1847 her son Edward Mott Moore moved to 22 Fitzhugh just a short distance away.

 

 

Nothing was ever more important than family to Abby.   Their oldest son, Edward Mott Moore, was away at boarding school.  He eventually became a well respected surgeon in Rochester.  Abby missed him terribly.  She and Lindley were also very proud of him and willing to sacrifice monetary comforts to help him succeed.  Abby's letters to Edward are written much like a journal.  She would start one day, then maybe add a few paragraphs in another day, and then even other members of the family would add something until her "foolscap" was filled up.  And then Abby would write in the margins, or between the lines, or upside down in the heading space.  As she herself said on many occasions, she did not know how to stop. (12) After her days chores were done, she wrote letters to her family.   These letters are articulate, very descriptive, amusing, and full of love. 

In 1830 her mother, Anne Mott, even commented on how descriptive she was in her letter writing, (13)  An example is Abby's description of a circus that came to Rochester in 1834.  After reading her letter, Edward must have felt that he too had been at the circus. (14)   In the nineteenth century many women could not read or write, and yet Abby, educated in the Quaker tradition, wrote very well and using an extensive vocabulary.  In speaking of one of Edward's friends, Alexander Metcalf, she said he was, "tinctured with Jacksonism." (15)  and when relaying information about the health of Thomas Cornell, she wrote that the doctor, "spoke with disapprobation of Thomas going to Ohio." (16)

Abby almost always put some humor within her letters too.  Even when she was writing about all the sickness that came to their family, she somehow managed to find something amusing to add at the end of each letter.  In 1842 when she and her daughter-in-law. Anna Maria Comstock, married to Abby's son Gilbert, were both sick with consumption and she was very worried about her daughter Mary who was also sick with consumption, Abby wrote to Mary at boarding school ending with a very funny account of how her son Edward had almost scalded her daughter Ann.  (17)  Abby also teased and cajoled.  When Edward didn't answer her letters quickly enough she would write some pointed commands.  Our favorite was to Edward in December of 1838. "I hardly know how long it is since I wrote to thee before, but believe it is quite time to begin another sheet, but why and wherefore do we not hear from thee? Art thou so constantly engaged with thy patients, anxious for their restoration of both mind & body to health? Or dost thou almost forget that there still lives in Rochester a family who feel deeply interested in thy movements? Let the cause of thy silence be what it may, do try to remove it." (18)

Abby also poked fun at herself.  As noted above she would write every night for maybe a week filling up pages of foolscap and then run out of space and start writing in the margins.  In the excerpt from the letter at right every other line is either the beginning part of the letter or the end.  She began this letter with the admonishment mentioned above where Edward was told to remove the cause of his silence.  She ended this letter in another margin with, "Thee hast been accustomed to translating one language into another therefore thou may succeed in making out this scrawl. Father can but explain saying he verily believes if my letters to thee were printed each one would make a paper pamphlet of eight pages. He also thinks thou should be much obliged to me if receiving a sheet well filled with words puts thee under an obligation. I am sure thou wilt to me. I mailed thee Friends of Man for thee three days since. If thou has not written when thou receives this, do so begin immediately." (18) This actual letter did not equal six typewritten pages, but eight.  

In another letter to Edward, she wrote, "by the by I forgot to ask thee when thou was at home whether thy patience held out to read all my letters, as some of thy friends here think thy must be a great exerciser of patience. J Hicks says if every one should send him such letters as T Cornell wrote to his mother he should find himself insulted." (19)

Abby and Lindley seemed to have had a tender and close relationship.  In a Quaker marriage ceremony, the couple stood before the meeting and promised to be “loving and faithful.” There was no minister and there was no vow of obedience   Lucretia Mott, Abby's famous sister-in-law, wrote, in marriage there is no  “assumed authority or admitted inferiority; no promise of obedience.” Their independence is equal, she continued, “their dependence mutual, and their obligations reciprocal.” (20)  When Abby wrote these long scrambled letters, Lindley would tease her, as noted above.  In 1834 when she was so anxious to hear from Edward, Lindley came into the house one day, holding a letter, asking her, who she would rather have a letter from, of all her friends.  She of course replied, "Edward."  (15)  And when Lindley was going through some financial hard times, Abby was supportive.  In 1839 she wrote to Edward, "How dost thou feel about father’s engaging another year in the High School, devoting his whole time and talents for a salary of $600 or at most $700 a year, and what is most trying to me is his being prevented from attending meetings of any description except on first days, of course, he of no use in society matters, and where that is the case we soon loose our interest in these things. This view of the subject is a source of no small anxiety to me; I had much rather see him a plain simple farmer than a gentleman teaching under such circumstances. He has two months more to keep before his year is up, and what he is to do for an assistant during that time he knows not."  Later in the letter she is writing about the legal battles.  " ----  at present it is a heavy draw upon thy father with all this other difficulties and I assume but from that it will prove a heavy loss to us. With regard to ourselves, I think I should prefer going on the little farm to any other movement which we can make at present, but this does not suit thy father "  (21)  Abby did not need material things to make her happy.

"Quakers believed that every human being had the ability to know God, a doctrine known as “the inner light.” Rather than relying on the Bible, (George) Fox believed that individuals, through prayer, meditation, and quietness (Quaker meetings were silent until someone was moved to speak), had access to divine revelation."  (20)  While at the Nine Partners Boarding School, as a member of the committee, Abby wrote,  “attend still more to that divine principle in your own hearts —it is by submitting to the teachings of this inward monitor, that we both learn, and are enabled to fulfill, our duty to God and to one another."  (20)  At the Quaker monthly, quarterly and annual meetings, those attending would discuss subject like temperance, abolition and poverty.  Quakers gave back to the community.  In Rochester, Abby became heavily involved with the Rochester Orphan's Asylum which was begun in 1837. It began when some people found a small boy of about 3 1/2 , an orphan, wandering the streets of Rochester.  (22)  Several ladies within the community got together and founded an orphanage where poor children could be cared for.  Abby was one of the ladies on the board of managers. Abby and Mrs Reid (their family doctor was Dr. Reid) were the first ladies to take children to the new home.  (23)  Abby was also involved in the Female Anti-Slavery Society.  Both of these organizations were dominated by evangelical Presbyterians and included ladies of many denominations. (24) Abby was an Orthodox Quaker but when it came to community improvement she thought all religious denominations should be involved.

In 1842 Abby wrote to her daughter at boarding school in Westown, " One of the little girls at the Asylum died last week - her mother has laid with the consumption several months, and this child only 5 years old, she has been her constant companion and nurse with the assistance of an older brother 7 years, and the family who lived in the same house with them, the father a miserable creature of course, in jail - the charitable society provided her with necessaries through the winter, and when she became so ill as to require a constant nurse they provided one for her, and sent the children to the Asylum; the little girl which of uncommon beauty seemed rather delicate and grieved much at being separated from her mother, she told some of the girls that if her mother died she did not wish to live, she however went on Day (by day) and was gaining nicely when her mother died.  She wept bitterly while there, and as was returning to Asylum was almost comfortless - the next morning she seemed unwell and was taken ---- Two weeks from that time she was buried, Dr Reid said he did not know what ailed her, but thought her constitution had become much injured by being so constantly shut up in her mothers sick room, and that intense grief was the immediate cause of her death - is it any wonder that my feelings should become warmly interested in an institution where on such and similar faiths are transpiring? And if I can in any degree be instrumental in relieving the ways of the fatherless, I am amply paid for all the time and labor it may cost me, neither can I see how, by giving food to the hungry and clothes to the maker, we are impugning in the least iota upon the principles of true Quakerism - and if my Presbyterian neighbors wishes also to dispense her mite to the needy, and by our uniting our efforts and means we can do the greatest amount of good, I think we are bound to do so." (17)

The Rochester Orphan Asylum was seeking homes for these children.  Some were bound out but some were adopted into decent homes. Abby made the report on these children for the years 1837-1839. (25)  In 1839 they had an exhibition attempting to garner more attention to the orphans with hopes of finding good homes for them.  Abby wrote to her daughter, Ann, about this exhibition saying how they could not afford new clothes for all the children but were making do with new aprons.  At the same time Abby apparently had only one dress decent enough to wear to the Asylum meetings.  In that same letter she was thrilled to report to Ann that her brother, (Richard Mott) had just arrived with a trunk of new clothes from her mother.  She now had as second dress!  As she was writing this letter, Abby was sick with consumption, yet never made any mention of it in her letter.  And, she gave birth to her last child, Alice Marie, in that same week.   (26)

When Alice Marie was born in June of 1839 they all thought she was a healthy baby, but she weakened and died six weeks later.  At the same time Abby was having chills and fever.  She was taken to a doctor in New York and it was assumed she had consumption.  (See page for daughter, Alice Marie)   However, she would not take to bed and did not want to be an invalid.  Her daughter Ann wrote to Edward shortly after the death of Alice Marie, "Last 6th day was monthly meeting here and mother was determined to go and we were determined she should not. Dr. Allman was here a few days before and I told him of it. He said “well Mrs. Moore if I was one of your children or belonged to the family so that I dare, I would stand at the door with either a stick or a pail of water and keep the company away. I told him when to come and he came, he tried to persuade mother to stay at home but it was of no use - go she would, and took her station as clerk, and what had folks to think the acting clerk was sick. So we had 9 to dinner. I believe mother is not materially injured but was very tired, all was said and done that could be except father positively refusing to take her." (27)

Her children Mary and Murray may have been sick with consumption even before 1839. (See their pages.)  Alice Marie died in June of 1839.  Her daughter-in-law, Anna Maria Comstock, wife of Gilbert, died in May of 1843. Her daughter Mary died in December of 1844.  Abby died in September of 1846 and her son Murray died in December of that same year.  All died of consumption.  Yet Abby never wrote of her own condition and she never lost her positive attitude nor her humor.  In 1838 she wrote to Edward mentioning Ann and Murray being unwell.  Then she mentioned their friend, J. Bell. "J Bell went with father to S Creek, he thought perhaps the ride would do him good, he has coughed much for some days, yesterday D Rolph examined his chest. I have not heard what he thought of him, his father told me today at meeting that he was “but poorly.” I suppose you Doctor’s know how to gage the amount of diseases by such expressions."  (19)

From a letter written by Lucretia Mott, we know that Abby was coughing up blood by 1841. (28)  We think she probably knew she had a limited time to live, but her religious beliefs made her strong.  And she was living each day to the fullest.  In 1842 she wrote to her daughter Mary, "We have recently heard of the death of Phebe Bradbury, but have not heard any particulars - within nine short months a mother and two daughters have been consigned to the silent grave - a loud and exciting call for us who are still left. 'To be also ready.' " (17)

In the meantime she was living life to its fullness, enjoying her children and grandchildren.  In that same letter of 1842 she wrote, "Yesterday afternoon brother Murray and myself went over to G’s (Gilbert's) in order to take Walter a riding, as I was going out on several errands. - As we drove up to the door, the little fellow came around the corner with basket of shavings which he had been to get for his mother, when he saw the carriage, ( for we were in Dr. Henrys carriage), he ran as fast as little duck legs would let him, and putting the basket inside of the gate was up in the carriage in a minute - after riding awhile we took him home but he objected to getting out wishing to come home with us - I told him I could not take him this time for his mother would wish to change his clothes (being 7th day afternoon).  He lets up his apron saying, “why - I don’t think my apron is very dirty, and thee can turn it, and then it will look very well.” - He however got out - with a promise from Murray that he would come over for him in a few days." (17)

Sources

 (1) Adam and Anne Mott, by Thomas Cornell, 1890  pp. 77

(2) Letter from Anne Mott to Abby and Mary at Nine Partners, 28th of 12th Mo., 1806.  Excerpt in Adam and Anne Mott by Thomas Cornell, 1890 pp. 69 

(3) Letter from Lindley Murray Moore to Abigail Mott,  7th Mo. 31, 1812.  Letter on file with Moore-Haines Papers at Swarthmore College

  Rahway 7th mo 31, 1812

Shortly after thee receipt of thine, I replied to it, my letter was directed immediately to thee, but whether it ever reached thee or not, I am not able to say, not having heard from Nine Partners since. The distance of this place from your school is so considerable that it is almost impossible to hear a whisper from you except by letter, and this mode of conveyance has not always proved certain, which possibly has been the case with the note which I last addressed to thee. Whether so or not thou wilst please excuse this early inquiry being it well timed, anxious to hear from thee, the object of my dearest regards - thou wilt therefore much oblige me by giving a line soon after this reaches thee.
I impatiently wait for the time to come when it will be convenient for me to leave my school long enough to make a visit to Nine Partners. If consonant to the visit of my employment, I intend to have a few days vacation at the end of my present quarter for that purpose & tho they are anxious for the improvement of their children, they will not, I presume object to a request so reasonable as this. If they only knew how worthy a female it is my intention of visiting in the interim, certainly they would not. But this I must leave to their own conjecture, to gather from the reports which are current even here. I frequently hear that I am to be married, but more of them undertake to tell me to whom. All that they tell me is that I must certainly bring her to Bridge Town to live. How will that do?
My employment is such as necessarily subject me to a good deal of dependence and consequently confinement. We indeed can find but few useful occupations that are in some degree in this description. But according to the present gloomy appearance of the world mine is as good an employment as most at least. I intend to content myself for the time being.
I hope thou find this that the fatigue of thy business as a teacher is not too much for thee and that it is on all accounts a pleasant one. My school continues as usual quite agreeable. I have not I think been at any place where the task of a teacher is more pleasant tham where I now am.
I expect to go to New York tomorrow with my brother Samuel who is now at this place and intends returning immediately to Nova Scotia to make but a temporary stay to transact some unsettled business in that country. I have not been to N York since I last saw thee.
With wishes for all the happiness of your family generally in their arduous employment and of thine in particular, I am thy friend affectionately. Lindley M Moore
 

(4)     Adam and Anne Mott by Thomas Cornell, 1890. pp 99.  Sixty years later Richard reported that Lindley was earning $1,200 a year

(5) Adam and Anne Mott by Thomas Cornell, 1890, pp 112
1819-1825
Robert Hick’s house was on the east side of Market street, the second house above the corner of what was then Lombardy and is now Monroe street. It was No 46 until 1848, when it was made No 54. It was on land leased from the estate of Henry Rutgers, the annual ground rent then being about $100, to which taxes and assessments were to be added. Lindley M Moore took the lot next above Robert Hicks, and built on it a similar house as a prudent investment of some of his savings as a teacher. He rented his new house and continued to live in Chrystie Street, and to conduct the Monthly Meeting School in Pearl Street. Silas and Sarah M Cornell continued with fair success their boarding and day school for girls adjoining the meeting house at Flushing, and a little later Adam and Anne Mott occasionally made this house their home.

(6) Adam and Anne Mott by Thomas Cornell, 1890 pp  118-119

 A couple of years later prices were falling, and the Monthly Meeting reduced the salary to one thousand dollars. But prices continued to fall, the times were hard, and in the summer of 1819 Lindley M Moore had visited Upper Canada, where some of his own relatives were living, and uneasiness had been felt among his wife’s relatives, lest he should remove his family to Canada. But he concluded to remain a little longer in New York, and hired a house in Suffolk Street for his dwelling, and continued his work in the Monthly Meeting School. In the Suffolk Street house was born on the 14th of 7th month, 1820, his second daughter whom, after her Aunt, they called Mary Hicks, but she died before she was two years old.
In 1820 the times had become still harder, money was very scarce, and prices very low, flour selling as low as three dollars and a half a barrel, and the Monthly Meeting felt constrained to reduce the salary of the Principal of the boys school to eight hundred dollars, and Lindley M Moore decided to give up the school and to remove to Flushing. He hired and fitted up an old building, formerly a tavern, standing on the other side of the broad street, almost a parkway or a village green, nearly opposite the Preparative Meeting building, where Silas and Sarah M Cornell had now for nearly half a dozen years conducted a school for girls. -----Here, in the Spring of 1821, he opened his boarding and day school for boys. The school prospered, and he soon added to it the adjoining building. And here he remained and prospered until the Spring of 1828, when he removed to Westchester.

7)  Adam and Anne Mott, by Thomas Cornell, 1890 Pg 164
The removal of Lindley M Moore and his family to Rochester, in 1830, was an event of considerable importance to Adam and Anne Mott. It deprived them of one of their homes near New York, but eventually gave them another home in Rochester.
Lindley M Moore had been a successful teacher and a prudent man. He opened his boarding School for boys in Flushing in 1820. Seven years later he bought five acres of land in Westchester Village, on the road to new York, about opposite the Friends Meeting house, and removed his school to this place in the spring of 1828. Here also he prospered, and his residence here is several times referred to in family letters already quoted. But he had laid up money and was beginning to think of retiring from the arduous labors of a school to the tranquility of a farm. A visit that he and his wife made at Rochester confirmed him in this desire, and after considerable inquiry and negotiation he purchased, in 1829, the farm of 170 acres then occupied by Erastus Spalding, for $5,200. The farm was beautifully situated, on high ground, on what was later known as Lake Avenue, in the City of Rochester, being the direct road from the City to Lake Ontario, at the mouth of the Genesee River. The farm bordered on the Genesee River at a point below the lower falls, and a short distance above the upper landing, to which vessels could come from the Lake five miles below, and extended from the River westerly about a mile, nearly to the Erie Canal. The farm was in fair cultivation, had an ample orchard, good barns and a log house. Into this house with some additions and improvements, they moved in the summer of 1830.

(8) Adam and Ann Mott, by Thomas Cornell, pp 165 -167

 1830 5th 16th Lucretia Mott to Adam Mott refers to letter from Lindley
“Lindley’s letter informing of his wish to dispose of his place (the Westchester property) “Was duly rec’d and the information spread among a number of friends, but I have not heard of any one from this way who would be likely to become a purchaser, unless it is myself, as I am tired of mercantile business and have thought and talked much latterly of withdrawing from it.”
The narrative of the books goes on
“Lindley M Moore hired a sloop which came to the wharf near his house in Westchester and received himself and family and all his household goods, including his dog Sambo and his high-bred swine, and transported them to Albany. Here he hired the exclusive use of a canal boat, which came along side the sloop and received the entire cargo, and carried it with without change to a point on the Erie Canal most convenient to the new farm. The two horses and the carriage of Adam Mott and Edward m Moore drove the road through ‘the Beech woods’ of Delaware and Sullivan counties, all the way from Westchester to Rochester.
Lindley M. And Abigail L. Moore took with them to Rochester, five children, Edward in his 16th year, Gilbert in his 14th, Ann 12, Lindley M Moore Jrs., who was always called Murray, in his 8th year, and Mary in her 5th. The work on the farm was carried on with great energy, the crops were models for the neighboring farmers, the cattle and even the swine were all bred, and the log house became a centre of hospitality and social importance ----  The farm prospered. Great crops of the best apples for a winter market grew in the orchard, and loads of apples for the cider mill were gathered in the fall ‘Tell Edward that he must take good care of his fruit.’ wrote Richard Mott, Jr., from New York 6th mo 21, 1831, ‘for we shall want some when we come out to see you.’ This letter is a full sheet of foolscap, addressed to ‘Lindley M Moore, for Adam Mott, Rochester, Monroe Co., N. Y.’ indicating that Adam and Anne Mott were then in the log house.

(9) www visitrochester    http://www.visitrochester.com/includes/media/docs/Rochester_s_Marvel_The_Erie_Canal.pdf

"When the canal officially opened on October 26, 1825, at a cost of just over $7 million, it was acclaimed as the greatest engineering marvel in the world. Stretching 363 miles from the Niagara River on the west to the Hudson River on the east, the canal was 40 feet wide and four feet deep, with 18 aqueducts to carry its waters across rivers and 83 locks to raise and lower boats a total of 568 feet from one end to the other.  ----The Erie Canal changed all that cutting travel time in half, reducing shipping costs by 94%, causing the first great westward movement of American settlers, making New York City the busiest port in the United States, and turning Rochester into the country’s first boomtown."

(10) Obituary on Edward Mott Moore, Rochester Herald Tuesday March 4 1902  See copy of Obituary

(11) Adam and Ann Mott, by Thomas Cornell, 1890 pp 165
These were the flush times of real estate Speculation of 1834-5-6, and when in 1835, there came to Lindley M. Moore an offer of $100 per acres for the beautiful farm of 170 acres, which half a dozen years before he had bought for $30 per acres, he consented to sell, and in the summer of 1836 Lindley M. Moore and the same family that he had brought into the log house on “Pomona Hill” six years before, removed into a roomy house, No. 5 Elizabeth Street, in the City of Rochester. A letter written from “Pomona Hill” just before they left will be of interest here from the glimpses it gives of the family life at that time. The letter is written by Ann M Moore to her cousin, James M Hicks, at No. 46 Market Street, New York
Ann M Moore to James M Hicks Pomona Hill, 7th mo. 1st, 1836
“Dear cousin: we arrived home in safety on 7th day morning after we left you. — We intended to have moved immediately, but it has rained almost incessantly, and as next week is Quarterly Meeting we shall not move till the week after. — When we came home we found a letter from Aunt Elizabeth. — She and the children all sick. Accordingly Grandfather and Mother went off the next 3rd day, and reached Buffalo on 4th day. They found Uncle Richard, Elias and Sarah all well and happy (Elias and Sarah Hicks were on their wedding journey), and Aunt Elizabeth and the children better. Elias and Sarah started next day, Uncle Richard on 7th day and the rest came on to Rochester.

(11a) Letter from Abigail Mott Moore to her daughter Ann, Rochester 6 Mo. 1st 1839  Letter on file with Edward Mott Moore papers at University of Rochester.

(12)  Letter of Abigail Mott Moore and Lindley Murray Moore, Jr to Edward Mott Moore, Rochester, 5th mo. 13, 1834.  Letter on file with Edward Mott Moore papers at University of Rochester.

"When Murray took this piece of paper I did not think of its going any other way but by father, not did I think of writing as much, but when I get to writing my absent children I hardly know when to stop."

(13)  Anne Mott to Abby and Sarah in Rochester.  New York 9 mo 23, 1830  Letter on file with Moore-Haines Papers at Swarthmore College.
  "Your welcome package by E Coles we received last eve, & glad indeed we were to find you were all well, we are much obliged to Abby for her minuteness, it seems next to seeing you to have so many particulars & so well told too. I do hope Sarah will not altogether depend on her sister & forget to use her own pen, when I write it is meant equally for both families."

(14) Letter from Abigail to Edward Mott Moore, 5th mo 1st 1834.  Letter on file in Edward Mott Moore Papers at the University of Rochester.

  "The National Menagerie was in Rochester last 2nd & 3rd days - thy father and myself went & took Murray & Mary with us. This said to be the greatest and best collection of foreign animals that was ever in this country - we spent 2 ½ hours in viewing them, and I should gladly have “lingered longer” had not the time for exhibiting them expired, at 6 oclock the cages were all closed, and we were obliged to retire. I think unless thou hast read a more particular description of the Rhinoceros than I have, thou canst have but little idea of him - this one was only 7 years old, not attained its full size, and weighed 4200 lbs, I think I can confidently say, that of all the different animals that I ever say, the Rhinoceros is the most homely & unsightly, the elephant is quite genteel in comparison - there were two elephants one very large, the other not so large but he made up for his deficiency in size by his sagacity, he had been taught many movements, which very much pleased and amused the spectators. One of the keepers entered the different cages all containing the most ferocious animals - one containing a lion, lioness & tiger, and two very large tigers, one a bear a wolf and leopard - one two hyenas - I did not see him in any except the tigers, and they played and fondled around him like two dogs - When he was in with the hyenas he whipped them continually, he said nothing but fear would keep them in subjection, kindness & caresses would not answer. There was a young Anaconda about 11 feet long & the size of a mans leg below the knee, he was kept in a box room with an English blanket, and only exhibited for short time at once, as the climate is too cold for him. Yesterday they passed by here on their way to Parma where they are to day. The elephants & Camel went by the evening before. They were uncovered and every one had an opportunity of seeing them. There were 17 waggons or rather wooden carriages, painted yellow, which contained the animals. The one with the Rhinoceros was already by 4 beautiful iron greys - 1 waggon with trunks - 1 with their musical instruments - 2 with the tents and awnings & 2 with provisions for the animals making in all 23 - all painted yellow and all drawn by grey horses - it requires 50 men, and the one which went in the cages, said he received $50 per mo."

(15) Letter of Abigail Mott Moore to Edward Mott Moore, Rochester, 5th Mo, 5th, 1834.  Letter on file with the Edward Mott Moore Papers at the University of Rochester

(16) Letter of Abigail Mott Moore to Edward Mott Moore, Rochester, 10th Mo., 21, 1838.  Letter on file with the Edward Mott Moore Papers at the University of Rochester.

(17) Letter from Abigail Mott Moore to her daughter Mary Hicks Moore, 5 mo., 11 1842.  Letter on file with Moore-Haines Family Papers at Swarthmore College.

 "I told brother E today that I intended to tell thee of his attempt to scald sister A-. He said ”so do, and tell her when she comes home she will get served just so”-- well now for the scalding - a few evenings since just after tea brother E sat down by the stove and sister A came and sat in his lap, he began to tickle her to make her get up but she put her arms around his neck and said she would not = so he took her up and said he would put her in that kettle of water, (the kettle was full of water, and I thought had just been filled up, of course did not think of its being hot) she made no resistance and he just set her in the water, just enough to wet her dress, which I told him pleasantly was very wrong for the poor child had no other dress to wear if he spoilt that one - well said he, - if her clothes are not to be wet I can try some other way - so he stood her down on her feet and taken her up put the top and back part of her head in the water, in an instant she and A Maxwell screamed out, - and brother E turned ashy pale, for she thought that the water was hot, and he had scalded the hair from her head flashed into his mind, and as quick as lightening almost he caught hold of her hair and held it off from her head. It did not however prove serious, only smarted a little while not enough to blister. Ann Maxwell said her heart beat quicker for ½ an hour after, for which she thought the doctor must be crazy,- She knew the water was hot."

(18) Abigail Mott Moore to Edward Mott Moore, Rochester 12 mo 12, 1838.  Letter on file with the Edward Mott Moore Papers at the University of Rochester.

(19) Abigail Mott Moore to Edward Mott Moore, Rochester 9 mo 5 1838.  Letter on file with the Edward Mott Moore Papers at the University of Rochester.

(20) Lucretia Mott’s Heresy by Carol Faulkner,  2011  pp 37 and pp 10 and pg 31

(21) Abigail Mott Moore to Edward Mott Moore, Rochester 2 mo 18, 1839.  Letter on file with the Edward Mott Moore Papers at the University of Rochester.

(22) Sierra Zacharias  Rochester Orphan Asylum  December 9, 2004
 https://urresearch.rochester.edu/institutionalPublicationPublicView.action?institutionalItemId=1073

"It was a sunny summer day in 1836 when a group of people saw a boy of about three and a half years old wandering down Main Street and pausing by Reynolds Arcade. The strangers asked the boy his name, his address, and the whereabouts of his family, but he said nothing. Worried, they called the Rochester city police department. When the police officer arrived, the only information he could get out of this boy with his tattered clothing and “saucy” attitude was his name, “Bill”. The city was at a loss with what to do with the child. They had no orphanage or placement system for homeless youth, so the city placed him in the alms house which had previously housed adults only (Rochester Daily Union & Advertiser). Realizing the poorness of this solution and knowing that, as the city grew, this problem would worsen, a group of benevolent women met in the home of Elizabeth Atkinson on February 28, 1837 and began to plan for the opening of Rochester’s first orphan asylum (Yunker, 1).
The women decided the goal of their institution would be to “take unfortunate children and give them everything they needed to grow into good citizens, not criminals or indigent individuals relying on prisons or public aide to survive,” and that they would raise the children in a “Christian atmosphere” (Yunker, 1). The women also decided the orphanage would accept orphans form the city, as well as children from families who did not have the means to care for them. Searching the city for a home that would suit their needs, the women encountered large amounts of resistance. No one wanted to discuss a business deal with a group of women. Therefore, the determined women enlisted the help of their husbands, most of whom were well known business men or clergy in the city of Rochester (Yunker, 1).
Finally, with the aide of their husbands, the women found the perfect house on Adams Street. The house was the right size, in a working class neighborhood, on the Genesee River, and the rent was only $175.00 per year. The women could not ask for more (Yunker, 1). On April 28, 1837, the institution opened its doors to eight children under the name “The Rochester Female Association for Relief of Orphans and Destitute Children (VanZandt, 5).” All eight of these children had lost their parents to the cholera epidemic that was sweeping through Rochester causing many changes – including the opening of Mount Hope Cemetery."

(23) Semi-centennial History of the City of Rochester:  By William Farley Peck

The Rochester orphan asylum was organized by the benevolent ladies of Rochester, February 28th, I837, “for the purpose of protecting, relieving and educating orphan and destitute children in the city." A constitution was adopted and the following officers were elected: First directress, Mrs. David Scoville; second, Mrs. Thomas H. Rochester; third, Mrs. J. K. Livingston; fourth, Mrs. Wm. Atkinson; secretary, Mrs. Samuel D. Porter; treasurer, Mrs. Everard Peck; board of managers, Mrs. Lindlay Murray Moore, Mrs. Silas O. Smith, Mrs. Elon Galusha, Mrs. Ira West, Mrs. W. W. Reid, Mrs. E. F. Smith, Mrs. John F. Bush, Mrs. Selah Mathews, Mrs. Wm. Emerson, Mrs. Pharcellus Church, Mrs. Caleb Hammond. These officers were representative ladies from every religious denomination in the city. But two of the number are now living —Mrs. W. W. Reid of Rochester, and Mrs. Pharcellus Church, now of Tarrytown. A committee was appointed to solicit aid, a small house on Adams street was rented, Mrs. Tobey was engaged as matron, and in April the house was opened for the reception of children. The first inmates were nine little ones taken from the alms house by Mrs. WV. W. Reid and Mrs. L. M. Moore, with the stipulation that the same amount should be paid for their support in the asylum that was allowed the keepers of the county poor. During the first year forty-six children were the recipients of this charity.

(24) Quaker Crosscurrents: three Hundred Years of Friends in the New York Yearly  by Hugh Barbour

Like female Friends in Michigan, many in western New York also pursued reform both within the Society of Friends and within society at large during the mid-1800s. Here temperance and abolition served as the entrees to a more explicit advocacy of women’s right. The first Quakers in upstate New York communities joined in the benevolent efforts initiated by non-Quaker Christian women. After the Separation in 1828, Orthodox women in cities such as Rochester continued to pursue charitable and reform activities in company with evangelical Presbyterians and Baptists. Abigail Moore, for instance, was active during the 1830's in the Rochester Orphan Asylum Association and the Female Anti-Slavery Society, both of which were dominated by evangelical Presbyterians.
Abigail Moore’s Hicksite neighbors joined her in testifying against slavery. In 1837, for example, Hicksite women, such as Amy Post and her daughter Mary along with their Orthodox sisters, including Abigail Moore and her daughter Ann, signed the massive anti-slavery petitions to Congress circulated in Rochester at the behest of the Anti-Slavery convention of American Women. Here they followed the lead of such birthright Quakers as Lucretia Mott and converts Angelina and Sarah Grimke, who were urging women to take a stand against the brutality of slavery.
http://books.google.com/books?id=q7B25EPMla4C&pg=PA172&lpg=PA172&dq=rochester+orphan+asylum+moore&source=bl&ots=F2V3ub8vZi&sig=sF8lPmV-dJyJxJIDt0Gq7LvprSA&hl=en&sa=X&ei=zkSYULrnI5LO8wS0jYHYCQ&ved=0CEoQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q&f=false 

(25) Records from Rochester Orphan Asylum 1837-1839  http://mcnygenealogy.com/vr/orphans.htm

(28) Selected Letters of Lucretia Coffin Mott.