Organized at Columbus,Kentucky,February 14,1862:reorganized September 26,1862:field consolidation with the 46th Tennessee Infantry,January,1863:merged into the 4th Consolidated Tennessee Infantry,April 1865:paroled at Greensboro,North Carolina May,1865.
Alexander Brown,Thomas Baker(acting colonel).
J.H.Hillsman,Thomas Baker,Joseph McDonald.
William Jones,Sol Jones,Company A.Men from Benton County,Tennessee.Organized at Trenton,Gibson County,Tennessee.October 8,1861.
Pritcher Melton,Company B.Men from Benton County,Tennessee.Organized at Trenton,October 9,1861.
Louis Clark,J.D.Bledsoe,Company C.Men from Carroll County,Tennessee.Organized at Trenton,October 10,1861.
G.B.Black,S.B.Jones,H.J.Furgerson,Company D.Men from Gibson County,Tennessee.Organized at Trenton,September,1861.
John Howard,L.D.Paschal,Company E.Men from Henderson Station,then Madison,now Chester County,Tennessee.Organized January 20,1862.
B.H.Clark,Phelonas Green Milam,Company F.Men from Henderson County,Tennessee.Organized at Trenton,October 3,1861.
J.H.Hilsman,Joseph McDonald,Company G.Men from Gibson County,Tennessee.Organized October 25,1861.
Alfred Bryant,W.S.Adams,Company H.Men from Carroll County,Tennessee.Organized at Trenton,October 19,1861.
All of the above companies except Company E had been organized in November
1861,into Jones' West Tennessee Battalion,with William Jones as lieutenant
colonel,and J.H.Hilsman as major.To these,Company E,and two other companies were
added when the regiment was organized.One of the other
R.P.Ford's Company.Organized at Jackson,Madison County,Tennessee,on March 10,1862.This company reorganized under other officers on May 5,1862 and became Company L,6th Tennessee Infantry Regiment.
All of the companies except I and K were surrendered at Island No. 10 on April 8,1862.Company reports state that I and K were on detached service at the time,and were not surrendered with the rest of the regiment.
At the reorganization Colonel Brown was reelected:Captain G.B.Black was elected lieutenant colonel,and Captain Thomas Baker major.Major Baker served as acting colonel during the later part of 1863,but his appointment was never confirmed.Captain J.E.McDonald was later elected major.
Company reports state the regiment remained at Columbus,Kentucky,until March 1862,when it was ordered to Island No.10,where it remained during the servere bombardment until its surrender by General Mackall on April 8,1862.On March 17,1862,Major General J.P.McCowan reported he left at Madrid Bend Stewart's Battery,Hudson's and Wheeler's Cavalry,Terry's Arkansas Battalion,the 1st Alabama,Mississippi,Tennessee,40th,46th,55th Tennessee,11th,12th Arkansas,and the 1st Alabama Infantry Regiments.Here began an association with the 46th Tennessee which lasted throughout the war.Also on March 17,Brigadier General J.Trudeau,commanding the heavy artillery,placed Brown's Regiment on the cremaillere parapet,in support of Captain Rucker's Battery.He reported"some men from Brown's Regiment had relieved Captain Rucker's exhausted men,and served the guns bravely,manfully and intelligently.They had done good and efficient service on that day."
On March,21 the 55th reported 327 present for duty,402 present.When Brigadier General W.W.Mackall arrived on April 1st he reported" Colonel Brown's 55th Tennessee with but few arms.Those in the regiment are of differnt kinds,but pretty good.The colonel says 50 are wanted."
As previously stated,eight companies of the regiment were surrendered April 8,1862.They were released on parole at Vicksburg September 20,1862 and declared exchanged November 10,1862.In the meantime,the regiment had reorganizes at Jackson,Mississippi,September 26,1862.From October,1862 to January,1863,the regiment was temporarily consolidated with the 49th Tennessee and 7th Texas to form a field unit known as Bailey's Consolidated Regiment.It was ordered to report for duty at Meridian,Mississippi:then sent to Port Hudson,Louisiana,where it was placed in Brigadier General Samuel Maxey's Brigade,with Colonel James Bailey,of the 49th,in command of Bailey's Consolidated Regiment.It remained in this brigade,first under General Maxey,later under Brigadier General W.A.Quarles,until the end of the war.In January 1863,the 46th and 55th were consolidated into one field unit,although separate muster rolls were maintained.From this time on the 46th/55th was reported as one unit.
On February 15,1864,the Congress of the Confederacy passed a resolution of thanks to the 46th/55th for"patriotism displayed in unanimously reenlisting for the war."
On December 10,1864 the 42nd/46th/49th/53rd/55th Tennesse Regiment was reported as one unit under Captain Austin Duncan.On April 9,1865,in North Carolina,Quarles Brigade was reported as commanded by Captain Sol Jones,of the 55th: and the 42nd,46th,48th,49th,53rd,55th Tennessee as one unit in that brigade under Captain Joseph Love.