Virtual Community: Education  
Hamilton Schools

Adams/First Ward/Miami
Hamilton Catholic High School
Hamilton High School
Harrison/Second Ward
High Schools of Hamilton
Jefferson/Fourth Ward
Madison/Fifth Ward
Notre Dame Academy
Polk/Lindenwald School
St. Joseph
St. Mary
Van Buren
Washington/Third Ward
Wilson Junior High
Zion Lutheran

Middletown Schools
Middletown High School
North School
South School
St. John Catholic School

Rural Schools

Fairfield Township
Madison Township
Pleasant Ridge
Trenton Schools
Morgan Township Schools
Shandon/New London
Morgan High School
Oxford Township
Negro School
Oxford Public
Oxford High School
Reily Road School
Union School, College Corner
Union School, Oxford
Reily Township
Ross Township
Venice (Ross)
St. Clair Township
Seven Mile
Union Township Schools
Union Twp. Centralized

Higher Education
Miami University, Oxford
Western College for Women, Oxford

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The History of Education in Butler County

In the early years of the county, the advantages of the public school system were not available to the pioneers of the area.  Instead, those who wanted an education for their children had to rely on various private schools and academies.  These early academies were often conducted in the home of the teacher who would instruct children of various ages.  Often the teacher was a minister, one of the few occupations which usually required some degree of higher education.
Eventually, publically supported schools were organized.  Initially, most of the schools were one-room school houses which were situated throughout the county. 
Most townships operated approximately eight to ten separate schools.  In these schools all of the grades were taught.

The larger communities supported multiple schools. Some of the communities such as Shandon, Venice, Hamilton, Trenton, and Middletown were also able to support high schools. The first class to graduate from Hamilton High School was in 1862.  Beginning in 1885, the high school implemented two courses of study: Latin-English and German-English.

By 1920, many of the school districts began to change their system of elementary education from multiple one-room schools to one centralized school. Among the first centralized schools in the county was Fairfield Township Central School, built in 1929. At that time there remained 4,000 one-room school houses in Ohio.
Created, in part, through a grant from the Ohio Humanities Council and the National Endowment for the Humanities

© 2000, Butler County Historical Society