"Hoagland Story"

by Cora Carley Hoagland---Hays, Ks.

(Daughter of Sherman White Carley)


Rachel McCormick White Carley, my grandmother, was born 8 July 1830, in Sligo, a suburb of Pittsburgh, Penn. Her parents were Sarah McCormick, who married George White, an Irishman-Stockman. Her mother died when she was 3 years of age and an Uncle, Judge Lowery, Allegheny City, Penn., raised her as his own. She was educated by a private tutor in the home. Rachel came from Scotch-Irish parentage and her ancestors fought in the Revolutionary War.

(At that time Sligo was not suburb of Pittsburgh) clc

     Rachel married William G. Woodall, 14 Oct 1856 and moved to a farm home near Elkport, Iowa. One child, Caroline was to this union. They were later divorced. On 4 Oct 1862, she married Thomas Alonzo Carley, at Jamestown, Wis., where she taught school for several years. To this union was born 6 children: Francis A., George, Sherman (my father), Thomas, Alonzo (twins) and John. Two men Lot and Lo Carley, son of T. A. Carley's first family, fought in the Civil War and after the war, were given homestead claims in Kansas. They urged the family to follow them to Kansas.

No record can be found that Lo was ever in the Civil Ware and possible to young. If any one can correct me, please do so as I would liketo have any record of the above. clc

Inserted clc

(Elkport, Iowa, have been unable to locate on any may)clc
(Have been unable to locate any record of their marriage. Local genealogies and Curtis Carley have search.)clc
Transcribed to computer by Clark L. Carley

Inserted clc

     (We have been unable to show or prove that Cyrus was ever in the Civil War. He would have been 15 when war ended. Although there is story of some one lied about there age. Also story that Cyrus was a prisoner at Libby which was Richened, Va. So far, government and other can not any record of above.)

c. l. c.

    In Oct. 1871, my grandfather, grandmother and the children started for Kansas in covered wagons. While traveling from Wis. to eastern Kansas, they noticed a bright light in the sky east of them.. Later on they learned it was the lights of the great Chicago fire. The family settled one mile east of where the Mt. Union Baptist Church now stands, six miles north of Louisville, in Pott. Co. There place included part of the Oregon Trail, halfway between Wheaton and Louisville. Lots of people stopped at the homestead to water horses and oxen and to get something to eat. Grandma had some nurses training and she cared for the sick and delivered many babies in that area.

Inserted clc

     The church is falling down and the school house was moved to Louisville and is a part of the community center building.)clc

     The great Chicago fire was Oct.8th. They stopped in Mt.Vernon, Linn Co. Iowa and visited with brother of Thomas A. Sherman J. W. and their Mother, Margaret Elizabeth who was living with Sherman at that time. clc

     On 18 Nov 1881, grandfather passed away (T.A.)clc and grandmother was left with five children to rear. She endured many hardships during those years, among them a drought and a grasshopper plague. She clung to her faith in God and was a great reader of the Bible and instructor of the children.
     One day, five men rode into the farmyard. Each had a gun, one in each boot, 2 guns strapped at their waist and a rifle each, on their saddles. They ordered my father and his brothers to water and feed the horses. They strode to the house and ordered grandmother to cook them a meal. She only had potatoes and "Sow Belly," so she cooked them a meal which was worth fifteen cents in those days. She was so frightened for the children. The men ate hurriedly and left. After they had gone Grandmother discovered a $5.00 gold piece under one plate. One hour later the sheriff and his posse came looking for Jesse James and his gang. They had robbed a train near Wamego.
     As my Grandmother (Rachel McCormick clc) grew into her golden years, she nearly lost her eyesight, but later regained it and auctioned off in Louisville for $90.00 to help the soldiers during World War I. Rachel McCormick White Carley lived to be 90 years old and influenced and helped many with her good life and is buried at Louisville Cemetery, Louisville, Kansas.

taken from "PIONEERS OF THE BLUESTEM PRAIRIE" p. 172-173

     Eileen Lewis, 402 School, Augusta, Ks.

     William and Rebecca (Wilson) Burgess were b: Ireland to parents who owned and operated their own farms. William, being a second son could not own land. When the Great Potato Famine came in the year 1850, William decided to take his wife and there daus and come to U.S. Rebecca's sister Elizabeth Wilson came with them. They arrived in New Orleans, La., after a 6 week's trip on 7 Oct 1850. Elizabeth married Mr. Nixon in La. He and Williams's three year old dau died during the year they lived there. The family moved, travelling by boat up the Miss. River to St. Louis, Mo., where the family lived 11 years.
     They were devout Methodists and William took care of the church. He wanted to homestead some land. Rebecca agreed to go after some woman of the church "thought there might be dust on the seat". Rebecca was very insulted anyone would think her William had not done a thorough job.
     The Civil War was in full force at this time (1862) and William was in sympathy with the North, but too old for service. Merriman Cahill wanted to sell him his farm in Pott. Co., Ks. William went by boat to Leavenworth and walked from there on the Oregon Trail to the homestead, 10 miles north of Wamego. On the way back he was picked up by some salve state supporters and accused of being a spy since he had walked so far. William told them he had had to cross a stream where the bridge had washed out. While he was being held captive, he spoke up to tell them about the bridge and when they found this to be true, they released him and told him to get out and not look either left or right. He walked back to Leavenworth, took the boat to St. Louis and brought his family back to Ks. They had 2 oxen, 2 wagons, 2 good saddle horses, some cows and $600 cash. Rebecca had learned to read and write in Ireland, but William had never attended school. Elizabeth Wilson Nixon taught school after a log school house was built on Adams Creek. The children brought whatever books they had, more almanacs than anything else. She had a hymnal and a tuning fork.

William Burgess b: 1813 Enniskillen, Ireland, d: 1893 Wamego, bur Pleasant Hill, son of Robert and Mary Burgess, m: in Ireland to Rebecca Wilson b: Enniskillen 1816, d: 1871, dau of Alexander and

Margaret (Macklin) Wilson. Their children were: Mary b: 1844 Ireland, m Weslyn McMinimy; Margaret b: 1847 Ireland, d 1851 New Orleans La., Elizabeth b: 6 June 1850 Ireland, d: 26 May 1926 at Ellis, m: (1) 1868 James Bingham, m: (2) 1873 George S. Henry, son of Charles and Elizabeth (Perch) Henry; William b St. Louis Mo., m: Arminitha Pinick.


Sherman White Carley son of Thomas Alonzo and Rachael McCormick (White) Carley, grandson of George Carley, was born 22 Aug 1868 in WI. m: Anna Elizabeth Henry b: 26 Apr 1874 on Adams Cr in Pott. Co. dau of George Steel and Elizabeth (Burgess) Henry, * Burgess Sr.

*ys came from France to hunt and trap along the St. Lawrence waterway when few settlers were there. One of them *evoluntionary War, and his son, George Carley, was in the war of 1812. George Carley's son Thomas Alonzo Carley, md * ck White who also had an interesting background. Her people fought under John Knox in Scotland and in 1609 went to *d. In 1735 they came to Pa., where Rachael was born and reared in Sligo.

*Helan Carley had five children--George, Francis (Carley) Misamore, Sherman, Tom and John, the latter two born in Ks. *e years old when the family moved from Is to Union Twp. Pott Co.

*mas, died when Sherman was eleven years old, and the young man made his own way from then on. He helped build the * at Mt. Union, working on it everyday for free until it was finished. He was a trustee of Union Twp and was also *ard for many years.

*eth Henry 15 Feb 1893 Adams Creek Pott Co where her grandfather, William Burgess Sr., had settled in 1862. *ren were: Cora Elizabeth, b 13 Fed 1894, m 27 Oct 1915 Hays, to Frank Hoagland son of Elton R. Hoagland and Mary *ry Raymond, b 4 Apr 1897, m Bessi Weiman; Nella Beartice, b 10 July 1899, m 19 Apr 1919 at Codell, Ks., to *son of Fred Simon and &_______ Phelps; Alma Violet, b 1 Mar 1903, m Codell, Ks., to Algie Perkins; Guy Sherman * at Hoxie to Ruth Simonson.

*ey family moved to Rooks Co near Codell in 1910. Sherman died at Hays and was bur at Mt Allen Cem. Anna Henry * 1956 at Longmont Co and was bur at Mt Allen Cem.


(By Cora Elizabeth Carley Hoagland (Mrs. Frank)

     My ancestors came to America for religious freedom. Carl' came with the French hunters and trappers down the St. Lawrence waterway in early 1600's. Carle settled in Albany, New York and at Revolutionary War time, due to strong emotions over difference in sympathies the "Y" was added to make Carley.
     The Pierce Quakers came in the early 1600's. The rest were Scotsmen who fought for their "Covenant of Faith" in Scotland and then moved to North Ireland in 1609.
     When the British soldiers came after some of them in early 1700's 1/2 million moved on to Pennsylvania and along the eastern coast in U.S.A. Among these were the Henry's Whites, McCormick’s. Later after the potato famine of 1848 in Ireland, the Burgess and the Wilson’s came to New Orleans, St. Louis, and in 1862 to Kansas. 917,000 of these Scotch Irish came to the U.S.A. and Canada after the potato famine of 1845 to 1848. Their deep seated hunger for property had driven families over perilous trip to America where even the poorest might claim their own share of land. What faith and courage it must have taken to leave parents, sisters, brothers, and friends behind knowing you would never meet again!
     These people helped build Pottawatomie County, Kansas. Their children and grandchildren help any community they live in and are now scattered over the nation.
     Christianity was introduced in Scotland in 396 A.D. by St. Vivian, in 563 by St. Columbia. Their converts to Christianity went all over Scotland gradually replacing the Druid worship. They made some of their religious practices into the form of pastry, making the learning practice easier in this manner.
     The Viking Horseman (Fair) invaded the Isles in 793 A.D. The Danes (dark) also arrived about the same time. The Clan system was organized at this time as a means of expelling these two invaders from Scotland. Seven large tribal districts were formed. with a King or RI at the head of each district. The Central District was the capital of the whole county. This became the basis for later feudalism where the King apportioned the land.
     In North Scotland lived the Sinclair, McKay, Gunn, and McLeod Clans--all blood related. Each member had a portion of land sufficient for his needs. Each clan had a tartan plaid--badge of honor to them. Each had a individual war cry and bagpipe tunes of it's own. These effects easily distinguished one clan from another. Children were freely exchanged and reared in each other's homes. "Affectionate to a man is a friend, but a Foster Brother is as the life blood of his heart." Kindred to forty degrees, fosterage to a hundred. Show the Highland estimation of the custom.
     An unfaithful, unkind or careless husband was looked upon as a monster in the Highlands. The women were treated better and with more rights and freedom than in Europe.
     WILSON-GUNN CLAN: Highlanders in north of Scotland. A Dexter arm wielding a broadsword, proper, Badge--Juniper. Pipe Music--The Gunn Salute. The Clan was found in Cartoons and Southland and were descended from Olive, the Black King of Man and the Isles, who died in 1237. George Gunn was chief of the Clan. Died in 1479.
     Henry from the Wilson-Gunn Clan:
     Henry from son of Gunn. Henry Gunn. Were large in physical size, protectors of the clan, chieftains and also musicians. In 1587 there were 34 clans (105 landlords) in Scotland. John Knox died in 1572. In 1579 first bill was printed in Scotland. These Stockmen fought for the "Scottish Covenant of Faith," under John Knox for 50 years. In 1609 King James 1 (a Scot) gave 81,000 acres of land in North Ireland to 59 Protestant Scotchmen. These men brought others with them to North Ireland to farm this land, and built up a prosperity there that is still good today. When the British Armies wanted their young sons to fight their wars, the second sons (who could never look forward to owning any land--first sons inherited all) came to America. One-half million came from 1700 to 1735 to Pennsylvania and surrounding area. The Whites, Henrys and McCormick’s were of these. William Burgess claims this same heritage, but came to America after the potato famine of 1845 to 1848.
     ALEXANDER WILSON married MARGARET MACKLEM (Born and lived in Fremanaugh county, North Ireland near Enniskillen).


(1) William Wilson married Bessi Burgess
(2) Alexander Wilson married Mary Burgess lived and died in Ireland
(3) Thomas Wilson
(4) Rebecca Wilson married William Burgess (Born 25 Dec 1811--died 14 Dec 1892)
(5) Elizabeth Wilson married John Nixon in New Orleans, La. USA

ROBERT BURGESS (a farmer in Fernanaugh County North Ireland) married MARY BURGESS.


(1) John Burgess
(2) William Burgess married, 1841 to Rebecca Wilson born 1816--died 17 Dec 1871
(3) Anna Burgess
(4) Mary Burgess married Alexander Wilson
(5) Elizabeth Burgess married William Wilson
(6) Jane Burgess

This shows the intermarriage of three Wilson to three Burgess. All were from the Scotch Protestants who moved to North Ireland as related previously. Most were farmers who lived the simple life, strong in their convictions and religious beliefs.
     WILLIAM BURGESS, born 25 Dec 1811, Enniskillen, Ireland, Died 1893, in Pottawatomie County, Ks. William Burgess married Rebecca Wilson and came on the H.M.S. Cronwell from Liverpool, England to New Orleans, U.S.A. The trip lasted 6 weeks and docked in New Orleans on 7 October 1850. The following statistics are from the Ship's Register:

William Burgess Laborer age 37
Rebecca Wilson Burgess His wife Age 34
Mary Daughter age 6
Margaret Daughter age 3 (died in New Orleans)
Elizabeth Daughter age Infant

     Elizabeth (Aunty) Wilson Rebecca sister age 23 Married John Nixon in New Orleans and William Burgess and his family lived in New Orleans about 1 year and then moved up the Mississippi River to St. Louis, Missouri, where he became a bricklayer. He was also the janitor of the Methodist Church and a sincere Christian. During their 11 years residence in St. Louis, William was born. The children were educated in public schools. Rebecca Wilson Burgess had learned to read in Ireland, but William had never gone to school. Rebecca developed an illness that was diagnosed as tuberculosis, but was an allergy, and in the hopes of improving her health, William wanted to stake a claim in the new territory of Kansas. Merriman Cahill wanted to sell him his farm and timber claim in Pottawatomie County, Kansas. Rebecca was hesitant and undecided--she was a very proud woman. The proposed move was decided in dramatic fashion one Sunday when two ladies attending services at the church ran their gloved fingers over the church pew to see if it was dusted before they sat down. This apparent slur to her husbands devoted care to the church, angered her so that she decided to come to Kansas immediately.
     The Civil War was on in full force by this time, and William's sympathies were for the North. He was too old for military service and in danger of having another family in his care while the breadwinner for the South. This was another factor in the final decision to go to Kansas.
     William came to Leavenworth, Kansas alone by boat and walked from Leavenworth on the Oregon Trail to the proposed homestead, 10 miles north of Wamego, Township 8, Section 21, Pottawatomie County, Kansas. There were no railroads that far west at that time. While he was walking back to Leavenworth the proposed venture to the new State came very nearly to a sudden and dramatic end before it began. It was in the spring of 1862 and the rains had been heavy. The streams were swollen and one bridge washed out completely, just after he had made it across. While passing through the next little settlement, where the Free State Supporters and the Slave State Supporters were battling in the open, he was picked up and accused of being a spy. He was told to sit down in the room the leaders were conducting business from. It was in short order the man in charge ordered several men out on a mission in the direction William had came from. He spoke up immediately and told them about the washed out bridge. When they went out and found this to be true, they released him, but ordered him to walk down the street and out of town looking straight ahead--if he looked to one side or the other they would shoot him down. He walked on to Leavenworth, took the boat back to St. Louis, and brought his family back to Kansas. They crossed on the ferry at Westport Landing (now Kansas City). They had 2 wagons pulled by oxen, 2 good stable horses, some cows and $600.00 in cash. Mary was 18 years old, Elizabeth (Bessi) 12, William, and Elizabeth Wilson Nixon (Rebecca's sister whom they called "Aunty." She had lost her husband and baby and lived with the family the rest of her life. Near evening while traveling west from Leavenworth they met a young man and wife with a sick boy. They were accompanied by the young man's brother, Weslyn McMinimy. Rebecca helped nurse the baby back to health and the two families came to the beautiful Adams Creek Valley together. Wes and Mary married later and settled in Clark County.
     William Burgess added to the small house that was on the claim. He planted an orchard and vineyard that was bearing good fruit yet 50 years ago. He improved the timber claim. He made friends of the Indians who raced horses each Sunday when the weather permitted, past his home. When the renegades of the Southern Army came through after the war, they would steal stock and cold-bloodedly shoot the owner who objected. These Indians guarded William Burgess's home for three days and three nights until the renegades left the community. The Oregon Trail came within a mile west of the homestead.
     A log school house was built on the Adam's Creek, east and a little south of the stone one still standing. It had a dirt floor, benches without backs for pupils to sit on. Elizabeth taught school in this one room. The children brought whatever books they had to learn from--more almanacs than anything else. She had a leather back Methodist Hymnal she taught them hymns from--starting them off with a tuning fork. Most of the young people rode cows to community events--there were few horses, but the Burgess's young people had ponies to ride.
     Rebecca Wilson Burgess died in 1871 and Will Burgess in 1893. William bought a lot (#13) in Pleasant Hill Cemetery--cost $8.00. He was Chairman of the Cemetery Association. He, Rebecca, Aunty, son and wife, and several grandchildren or great-grandchildren are buried in this lot. William and Rebecca were hard working Christian people--they lived their religion. My Father, Sherman Carley, came to Kansas in 1871, worked for others from the tender age of 9 and he always thought Grandpa Burgess was one of the best men he ever knew. He worked for William Burgess for three years and during one of these years William Burgess sent him to school.
     Mary Burgess married Weslyn McMinimy. Elizabeth Married Jim Bingham (he died in 3 months--murdered) they had one son--she was born July 1850 in Ireland; She then married George Steele Henry 20 July 1873, died 21 May 1926; 6 children. William born in St. Louis, Mo., married Arimentha (Mintha) Pinick: 4 children. George Steele Henry was of the Henry-Gunn Clan of Scotland. His mother, Elizabeth Pierce, a Holand Quaker whose people came to the U.S.A. IN early 1600 to New York State and then to Pennsylvania... George Steele Henry's parents went on to Bedford, Iowa, Taylor Co. from New Jersey, then to Indiana then Iowa. As a young man he drove an oxen team and covered wagon to his sister's home 1/2 mile south of William Burgess's place on Adams Creek in 1871 or 1872. Married Elizabeth Burgess Bingham on 20 July 1873.
     William Burgess's sister, Mary Burgess married Alexander Wilson, Rebecca Burgess's brother. They had 7 children: Five of these came to Pottawatomie County.

1. Rebecca, md Francis Hutchinson--Mary-Ted-Elex-Anna-Bessie-and Margaret their children.
2. Margaret md John I. Burgess (a 3rd cousin) Molly-Dave-Tom- their children.
3. Mary md Scott Clark (went to California).
4. Jane md Richard Burgess--children were raised in Pott, Co. but all left. Sadie was one.
5. Elec never married. Went to Canada where some of the other relatives were.

James McCormick lived--Londonberry, Ireland in Ulser.

His son Thomas McCormick born 1708, came to Pennsylvania, in 1734, died 1762 in Penn., married Elizabeth Carruthers; she b 1735, at Paxtaug--died 1745 at Silver Springs. Sons were:

1. Robert McCormick--born 1738. Married Martha Sauderson. Moved from Cumberland Co. Penn., to Walnut Grove, Rockbridge Co. Va. He served under General Gneu, was wounded at the battle of Guilord, C.H. North Carolina-Revolutionary War. His sons: 1. Robert (Cyrus was Robert's second son) and 2. James.

2. James was born 1729 in Ireland - died 1802 in Silver Springs, Penn. Married Mary Oliver, born 1729--both buried in Silver Springs cemetery in churchyard. Sons:

1. William and 2. Oliver, died 5 June 1817

     I have not found proof of which man is the father of Sarah McCormick, a cousin of Cyrus, who married George White--lived in Pittsburgh, Penn. Their children: Rachel White md a Mr. Woodall (div) then married Thomas Alonzo Carley.
     Rachel McCormick White-eldest child of Sarah McCormick and George White, born at Sligo, a suburb of Pittsburgh, Penn., 8 July 1830--died Louisville, Ks., 20 Oct. 1929. Her mother died when she was 3 years old. She lived with an uncle, Judge Lowry of Allegheny City Penn. She married to William C. Woodall on 14 Oct 1856 and went with him to a farm near Elkport, Iowa. To this union was born: Caroline White Woodall (Aunt Carrie) Rachel and William were later divorced.
     On 4 Oct. 1862, Rachel married Thomas Alonzo Carley--born 24 May 1812, in New York, died 18 Nov 1881 at Louisville, Ks. age 69. They were married at Jamestown, Wis. To this union were born:

1. Francis Anne Carley b 13 Sept 1863 md 9 Mar 1884 to John B. Misamore
2. George White Carley b 17 Mar 1866 md 1 May 1901 to Alta Blanche Parks
3. Sherman White Carley b 22 Aug 1868 md 15 Feb 1893 to Anna Elizabeth Henry twin -
4. Thomas White Carley b 4 Feb 1871 md 23 Feb 1898 to Mary Catherine Henry d 19 Aug 1949 twin -
5. Alonzo White Carley b 4 Feb 1871 d. 20 Feb 1872

These children were all born near Jamestown, Grant Co., Wis., They came to Pottawatomie County, Kansas in 1871.

6. John White Carley b 22 Mar 1874 md 16 Feb 1898 to Ella Irene Weddell d 11 Mar 1938--he was born in Ks.

Carle' or Carley of New York State came from France with the first hunters and trappers down the St. Lawrence waterway. The father was in the war of 1812.

*This is a story we have never been able to prove, see Francis Ann letter.

Thomas Alonzo Carley, a twin, born 24 May 1812, died 18 Nov 1881 at Louisville, Ks. He was a coppersmith by trade in Watertown, Jefferson Co., N.Y. Married 1st 1 Jan 1835 to Samantha Clark-she d 6 Dec 1861 at Jamestown, Wis. Their children:

1. Edwin Clark Carley b 19 Apr 1836 at Scott, Cortland Co., N.Y. d 1855 (age 19)
2. Almond Alphone Carley b 18 Mar 1838 at Scott, Cortland Co., N.Y.
3. Lawson Hannibal Carley b 26 Feb 1840 at Clay, Onondaga Co., N.Y.
4. Margaret Samantha Carley b 16 Jan 1843 at Clay, Onondaga Co., N.Y.
5. Mary Melissa Carley b 15 July 18445 at clay, Onondaga Co., N.Y. d 1846 (age 1)
6. Cyrus Lorenzo Carley b 26 Oct 1846
7. William Winfield Carley b 12 Dec 1848 at Salina, Onondaga Co., N.Y. d 1851 (age 3).

Early 1850 this family came to Wis. All the belongings were with Almond Alphono on a train. The car burned and never could find anything of the boy.

1. Lawson "Lot" Hannible Carley, a 1/2 brother of Thomas White Carley, Married Margaret Ann Daigh on 18 Feb 1864, after he got home from the Civil War and Andersonville prison. "Uncle Lot," as we called him, came to Louisville, Ks to homestead. Children:

1. Eva May Carley b 14 Aug 1863 at Hazel Green, Wis
2. Harry Carley (the M.D.) near Chicago
3. Charles Leroy (Roy) Carley b 13 Mar 1871, Louisville, Ks md Dora Andrew--children-
Leroy-Marjorie-Milton & May

2. Cyrus Lorenzo Carley, a 1/2 brother to Thomas White Carley, md Elizabeth Husted in Pottawatomie Co., Ks. on 21 Sep 1873. Lived on a farm near Westmoreland, Ks ("Uncle Lo & Aunt Lizzie's children; A. Della Carley B. Max Carley C. Roscoe Carley D. Walter Carley E. Elizabeth Carley

Lot--was 6 feet 7 inches tall--Lo was 5 feet 10 inches tall. They were called "High pockets" and "Lo Pockets" These two brothers, Lo and Lot came to Kansas to homestead in Pott. Co., (they were bothe in Andersonville prison in Civil War) They took up a collection and organized the Mt. Union School. As they were stone smiths, they built a stone room for a school. That was the Atkinson kitchen when I was a child around 1900. Just south of the school was the Baptist Church my Dad, Sherman Carley, helped to build. Thomas White Carley also helped. Lo & Lot got their old Father with his second family to come to Kansas in covered wagons in 1871. Each of his 2 wives had 7 children (NOTE: ? He and Rachel only had 6.

     George Steele Henry born Tranquility, New Jersey (a Twin) came with parents Charles Casper Henry and Elizabeth Pierce (dau of Sgt. William Pierce of War of 1812), a Quaker, Morgan County in 1858. To Indiana 5 years, then to Florida Co., Iowa a short time, then to Taylor Co., Iowa where he grew up a farmer. He drove a team of oxen to Pott. Co. to see his sister, Mrs. Knouse and husband who were on a homestead across the road and south of William Burgess Sr. He was raised a member of the Methodist Church, but his mother raised him with the Quaker ideas and dress that he kept all his life. He married Elizabeth Burgess Bingham on 20 July 1873. Their Children:

1. Anna Elizabeth Henry b 26 Apr 1874 Platte Co. Iowa
md 15 Feb 1893 Sherman Carley d 8 Aug 1956

2. Mary Catherine Henry b 4 Apr 1876 Platte Co. IowaZ
md 23 Feb 1898 Thomas White Carley d 7 May 1946

3. George William Henry b 29 Jan 1878 Louisville, Ka
md Sarah Belle Weaver d 7 15 Nov 1964

4. Jennie Alice Henry b 23 Nov 1879
d 14 Nov 1883

5. Flora Rebecca Henry b 9 Sep 1881
md 1902 Emil Nickelson d 26 Sep 1954

6. Ella Nora Henry b 15 Oct 1887
md Almond Nickelson d

7. Charles Casper Henry b 25 Jun 1890
md Clara Carter d 25 May 1948?

     George Steele Henry--His people were from N.J. and Penn. His father, Charles Casper Henry, was from the Henry-Gunn Clan in Scotland, who had come to North Ireland in 1609, then to U.S.A. early in 1700, a Methodist after the church was organized, a Presbyterian before that. His mother, Elizabeth Pierce came to N.Y. State in 1609 to 1613, then to Penn. when William Penn settled that state. The English kept taking off some of their land in New York State, so William Penn told them if they would come to Penn., he would never take any of their land, and he kept his word.
     Due to these Quakers and Roger Williams, a Baptist, that we got religious freedom in America. Elizabeth married a Methodist, joined his church, but raised her children Quakers. Those strong principles were with them until they died.
     George S. Henry never grew a beard, but he wore that old black Quaker felt hat until he died, and cloths accordingly. Also, a mustache. He worked on steam ships on the Mississippi River one summer. His people came to Indiana, then to Iowa, where he grew up. There were four girls, then a pair of twin boys (George and William). Do not know if girl in Iowa.
     The parents, Charles Casper Henry, went to a camp meeting, left the children home, as eldest girl was about grown. A blizzard came up, so they couldn't get home. The children ran out of cut wood, so they took the rails down from around the house and burned them in the fireplace. No stoves then. They cooked in these fireplaces. Men had to learn how to build a fireplace to cook and bake in, also to give heat for homes.
     This older sister, Hilda Henry, married John Knouse and came to Kansas, took a homestead on Adams Creek in Pott. Co., where Al Hogues lived, when I was a kid.
     George Steele Henry ran a horse power threshing machine for years and about 1900, he got a steam engine thresher that used coal. Papa (Sherman Carley) took the horse power machine and ran it 2 summers and falls, 1901-02. He bought a DeLaVal mild and cream seperator and mama a new White sewing machine from the money he made threshing. We milked cows and sold cream from them to pay for all groceries, clothing, etc., We fed hogs. They were the cash crop. He paid for a farm with fat hogs--1/2 mile so. and 1/2 mile west of Adams Creek School.
     Thomas White Carley had a sorghum mill. We would help our dad strip the sugar cane each fall, take it to Uncle Tom's and run it through the mill. The power was made by a horse going round & round the power part of the machine. The juice ran out in a tank about 30 inches by 10 feet, that was built on a stone foundation. A fire was kept going under it a day or so to boil it just right before putting into jugs, kegs, etc., to use and the excess was sold. Molasses or sorghum--vinegar was also made from this.
     The corn was ground in the windmill that is now in the Wamego City Park. That whole corn meal and sorghum kept the early day people. There was plenty of wild game for meat.
     The first Sunday School I remember was conducted by Molly and Maggie Burgess, daughters of John Burgess and Margaret Wilson. Mrs. Regnie, LaNora's mother was a good Sunday School teacher, too.
     A minister came once in awhile to preach. My, how long he would talk. Then in 1908 Captain Quilliam came to hold revival meetings and organized a Baptist Church.
     A church was built at Mt. Union. My Dad and Tom Carley worked every day on that church. The minister lived on our other place. We drove a team and buggy. He, his wife and a dog were there. They also lived with others in the community. We dedicated that Church in the spring of 1909. The first car I ever saw was there and I rode in it that day.
     Tom Carley bought the old Carley homestead and lived there with family until about 1909, when he bought and built a house on a farm across from the Merryman farm north of Louisville, Ks.
     George and Bessie Henry were such lovable-congenial couple-so kind to everyone. They sang so beautifully together. One song was "A Child's Dream of Heaven." They lived around Louisville from 1873 to 1908. Bessie's health was not so good the last 20 years she lived. So had to live with someone. They lived with Flora and Emil Nickelson. In 1906, Flora was expecting Kathleen, she had George and it was so hard for her to breathe, so they got into a covered wagon, took 2 cows, some chickens, a tent, 2 teams of horses and started west.
     Emil worked a little along the road, but they landed in Yocemento, Ks., got a house. That was when the cement mill was going. A flood came and the people all went to the depot. The house they were living in, washing away, so they came to Hays, Ks. to a stone house on 7th Street, where Kathleen was born.
     In a year or so they were on the Turner Ranch south of Yocemento, Ks., and Ella & Almond Nickelson, Charley, and George and Bessie Henry came. All of them rented the Turner Ranch. Men worked in the cement mill 4 miles north at Yocemento, Ks.
     One fall when the R. R. was being built north of Manhattan, Ks. to Barnes, Ks., the George Henry's lived in a tent and George worked on this railroad. He played the banjo or guitar and sang.
     Led the camp in singing. People learned their songs by memory--no one had music. My mother told lots of things that happened in this camp of a month or 6 weeks. Note: Rufe King, from Maple Hill, Ks., worked there too. Later, in 1920, Rufe King was sentenced for murder of several. A woody boy was one.
    George Henry ran a threshing machine all the years the children were growing up and until he could do it no more. He was quite a debater on any subject that he believed in. Once at election time, he was for one man, my Dad was for another, neither would give an inch. Things were pretty hot until election was over. I forgot who won. The Henry's were a very close family. We always spent our Christmas, Thanksgiving and all holidays together until part of the family came to western Kansas in 1906-7.
     In 1900 every 160 acres of land up Adams Creek way in Pott. Co. had a house, orchard and family on it. We raised enough to eat except clothing, sugar, a few things we sold eggs & butter to buy things with then the fat hogs were the cash crop. "5 cents would buy calico for a dress (10 yds) We had gingham, organdy and lawn for Sunday. A dress, beautifully made, bonnet trimmed in lace. Every girl had a white dress all tucked with insertion and lace, and a beautiful ribbon sash and hair ribbons to wear as Sunday best.
     We had long sleeved aprons that buttoned down the back that we all wore at home over our dresses to keep them clean. Mothers had mother hubbards, a loose dress in front, gathered to a yoke, back darted to fit, with an under waist that fit tight like a long brassier today. Then they wore a waist aprons tied over this. Those aprons were used for lots of things. Have seen my mother carry fruit from the orchard in hers, also eggs. If a hot pad was not handy, a hot pan would be lifted with the bottom of the apron. Also if caught out of the house and the baby needed cover, the apron would cover the baby. There always was a pocket in them. My Grandmother Carley, for Sunday, had a black taffeta dress with white lace bonnet and lace gloves and apron all hand made of the finest material--hand crocheted lace and insertion. She also had a black heavy plush velvet, bead embroidered cape and velvet gloves for winter. Her bonnet was black velvet with a lovely plum. She wore a lovely cameo pin to hold her dainty lace kerchief in place at her throat. That was the dress for Grandmothers.
     Lizzy Henry Carley was a good seamstress. She made many a wedding dress for the community. She crocheted the most beautiful hoods for us, a ruffle around the face and neck, so full that it protected us from the weather. These hoods were red trimmed in white, mittens knitted to match. I was 14 before I had a store bought hat. She made our hats, too. A girl learned to cook, sew, and keep house at home. If a button was left off your clothes or a hole not darned in your socks, you were looked down upon as not competent or as shiftless. We were taught cleanliness. The clothes were always bleached white, no tattle-tale gray in them. Flour sacks were used for a lot of things, most underwear was made from them, for everyday and school. But they were bleached out at our home, no lettering left on them.
     Did not know about germs then. We had a dipper in the waterpail that all drank from. At school we carried water several blocks. Two dippers for all the children. We had 30-40 pupils, 9 grades for one teacher to teach. No foolishness in those days. We learned. A teacher always had a switch near by. I have seen them use it, too. Kids had to mind and study.
     Now, we have come from a long line of Christian people. You are the sons and daughters of a great breed of men and women who fought for the ideals from which this nation is made.
     Keep close to God, our Savior--Don't go soft--be your real self, strong, good and clean. Support your church. Make it so it can reach out through you and regenerate the American people.

Coras facts not always correct so keep that in mind. Note some names such as Hannibal not spelled correctly and I did not change any of the spelling.

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The barn that blew away in 1918

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Rooks County Genealogy Article by Cora Hoagland
Error, father of LeRoy was Lawson Hannibal Carley, not his brother Cyrus Lorenz Carley as in above story

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