Ancient laws Ritual fields 2

Ancient laws Ritual fields 2

Here a reconstruction of the squared harg used for deciding local time-law. Time Law was the ancient world order connected to the yearly starry round. We see only fractions of them in rock-carvings and we have to get the pattern from early province laws

astro-symbolism, half-square, harg, Elkwoods, square from Stonehenge, Boat of Ramadan, Waterman Aquarius, Lugnasad or Aegir's feast, Little Bear Ursa Minor, two adda of year, Hallow's Day, Balder's Myth, Thing place, Sigurd runic carving

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If we are gone to reconstruct a harg and a place of a thing, we have to use the plan and parts of the surrounding carvings. But at first a pair examples of the astro-square:

The oldest astro-square of Scandinavia is found at Alta and approximately from 4200 BC. A sort of square is also found on late shaman drums used almost until our days.

A sophisticated square from Stonehenge. It is supposed to have belonged to a Master of Ceremony. English astronomers have found that it may be used to decide all-important days of sun and moon in a year.

Reconstruction of the harg by setting together four boats in a square. Fourteen divide all sides. The boats are from rock 4, 5 and 06.

The LEAK-boat form rock 06.


The Boat of Ramadan from rock 4. The word Ramadan is supposed to mean the (time)snake that is giving the limit.

The phenomenon's precession is not explained fully here only the effect. It causes that the constellations used at the spring equinox as time signalling varies in time. That means that the signalling point moves from star to star at a speed of 1 degree in a c.71 year. The next figure shows just the constellations in question.

Rock 5 Haugsbyn

This is third of it to the east show five constellations used to decide sunrise at spring equinoxes from the Sothic about 4200 BC, Orion, three stars or the Child of Auriga, Perseus and Aries. The last was valid until Julius Caesar and Augustus in 46 BC started a New Age of their own.

Rock 5 North-West parts.

It contains the boat with the little boat and the Corpse. The other shows a man lifting a boat and is the Waterman Aquarius and in one ends a footprint meaning on as start of winter half. At the bottom we may recognise figures of Eagle, Dog/Fox, Archer, Scorpio-man once fitting on the Ramadan side of square.

To the right a footprints with an askew stroke. It is the same as on rock 4. The Norse named it the Fox-tail and it is a limit mark at Sagittarius. Its opposite the Heel or Crab to decide half year limits.

On the top are two pairs of footprints. Those with two strokes are signs of winter half year. But note the man, he looks like the Egyptian Shu or the humidity carrying the cow of heaven during winter or inundation.

Night sky from the tomb of Ramesses IV. Determining Ramadan's at a full moon with tools and officiates. The black big dot between the lower boats is originally orange red and should be the moon. The glyph achet describes the same issue.

A wooden model of the Ramadan boat from a tomb.

In England they find about 50 arrangements of stones which may have been used in the same way. For instance in Aberdeenshire at Castle Fraser are three stones of which the third is in water between the pillar stones. They are oriented southeast to southwest which is the lowest moon orbit in August or at Ramadan.

Up to the Moon Cycle every nineteenth year the orbit is at its lowest. It looks like a rolling moon on the stone for an hour or two. That might have been the feast Lugnasad or Aegirs feast. It was perhaps the end of half year for those with summer from Imbolic to Lugnasad. 

Two Ramadan boats from Jaerestad 4, Skaane. There are 14 units on the left boat and suggests a square 14 x 14. On the right another boat and counting used to bind the tail of Dragon.

The Ramadan part of sky in our time. Compare it with bottom part of next figure.

The zero position of the harg in line with the sky and zodiac.

Egyptian export or influence is the question?


Major part of rock 1 in the Field. Another part seems to have been an offer place with many cupmarks.

Click for more

Half a square

This rock is unique for Haugsbyn because there are seven plus one figure. Hard to know if the figures and other details are from the same time. The youngest figure is probably the bagpiper with a sword. They shape the chap like a wing and may be of the Halstatt type from last millennium BC. Other figures are the Corpse, the Couple and one of them with bird-head, another pairs, but as a whole difficult to see clues. There is a new moon sign that tells that as always it is about myths in sky.

A lot more evidence we find in the upper right corner. There is Little Bear or Ursa Minor as in a mirror and the star they mark Koschab with a square with diagonals. That gave me the idea to try to use this star as Pole star. Eureka, all the sky was in a pattern for the time c.3100 BC to about 1000 BC.

The composition and details of the whole carving give the impression that there might have been a specially designed court place. It was not as much for trials as for rituals and determining the time for ceremonies. To this we may add the avenue about which we do not know.

Next figure is part of rock 1. It shows the summer half of the Two Addas of Year. Giving the snakes of the year their own names is perhaps easier. In old languages the word AD means towards (future) and DA means then the other half/side. Understanding it in Danish nowadays is easier because the two words are still in use. Nevertheless, they picture the complete year of the moon as two addas plus a small bit. The bit is eleven days of a moon of 27 days to get even to the solar year.

That method was used as late as about 1100 AD in at least a couple of runic stone. One of them called the carving of the Myth of Sigurd. The icons on that are from the myth as well as from the sky. There we see among others the Beer-guise the same as Arcturus and Beer-watcher in sky.

Above the joint we see four cup-marks in shape of head of the Dog or Fox as in other carvings. On same line the Urn on a boat and the cup-mark probably tells that it is full.

With the footprint in the middle is a mada-symbol used in old Sumerian and it stands for Serpent. Most interesting is what may be a stone or pole with height marks. We have a lot of place-names ending on -stone in Scandinavia as well as in England. Maiden and Gyr-stone fits well always and Edstone too. In terminology of the thing we may suppose that oaths were sworn on or beside a stationary stone. In Scandinavian language ED is also a place where the action is. The third meaning is a ford.

The function of a maiden stone has of course been to celebrate the spring. This was done also after another star has been current.

Not pictured is a part with a lot of cup-marks in any special order and an odd figure walking away. We may suppose that this is the old year passing away. From the carvings in Haugsbyn we may conclude that in Haugsbyn ritual cup-marks were done twice a year. The first occasion is in spring and the later in autumn. In autumn is the

All Hallow's Day to remember the ancestors as we do today with burning candles on the graves.

Not pictured is a part with a lot of cup-marks in any special order and an odd figure walking away. We may suppose that this is the old year passing away. From the carvings in Haugsbyn we may conclude that in Haugsbyn ritual cup-marks were done twice a year. The first occasion is in spring and the later in autumn. In autumn is the

All Hallow's Day to remember the ancestors as we do today with burning candles on the graves.

This rock 6 is very likely to be from the same time as the Tumblers rock. It contains Little Girl on River of Underworld and harvest time. There is the mourning mother Isis or the Northern Balder's Myth. There are also the Dog or Fox and Ramadan. On other side of Watergate is an early Loke with the sign of Capricorn on head. He was the icon of locking up harvest as well as thought and a trickster. The last not appreciated by the fundamentalist of Christianity. They wanted to take monopoly on ideas and on what should be allowed.

The Harg

Click for map of the Harg

This is a reconstruction of the Thing Place with a Harg. The harg is done in scale with the harg fitted to the centre of the important rocks. The East Point rock 2 gave the stationary point. It is only a stone with a cup-mark. One cup-mark is often used as sign of spring. Rock 06 was another stationary point for a corner. There is also the mark of LEAK on the boat for the harg. The rock 7 is in south with some icons standing for the spring. It is supposed that a Maiden stone has been either in south or south-west

Rock 5 is partly in west and here with the Sumerian sign three waves that stand for Waterman/Aquaríus. Rock 3 in north west have symbols for binding Dragon called Bunnan Addan on Ireland I suppose and there is also Ursa Minor. At the outer corner are idioms of working with metal. In the northeast the old year walking away A good question is what was a harg and how was it done?

The harg is one of two ritual constructions, which become forbidden by law with the Christianity. The other was the Vi, which was a formation of two stone rows in an angle of 25 degrees. They have been in Jelling, Denmark in the area of King Gorm and Tyras' mounds. Two more have been in a place at Zealand as well as at Lolland and known as late as in the eighteenth century.

They probably did the Harg by wood, but it is gone forever. In the Edda and Grimnismal are three words high timbered harg. In Hyndluljod Freja says to Ottar Insteinsson: "A harg he did to me of stones, but now they have become glass, as he has painted them red with blood at new moons". These are the only facts.

There is not much to go on. In earlier pictures above are some remedies used in Egypt. Sumerian seals of seasons are often a pair of poles and sometimes with a hole at top. Maybe the poles were to fence in stars when trying to get a line in sight to the wanted stars. The Indus culture used same kinds of tools. I thought the reconstruction with poles in the eight important directions as in the time wheels.

The main thing is that the yearly ritual was the main law. When society grew more complex, I suppose there were more matters to discuss. They celebrated the court and its sessions at either of the four break of season. They know them from the Celts as Imbolic, Beltane, Lugnasad and Bron Trogain. The later means meat-feast and was also called Samain.

The later division is seasons with the three breaks in the moon calendar. It is known as the three sessions of court. A very old custom seems has been that the law thing was hold in the autumn. It was when the thing decided how many animals they should take away from circulation.

I suppose it was seldom that the animal man had to be taken away. Crime depends on population. Therefore it is a natural guess that on things the agenda was about the practical work to be done. Then of course the feast or in old language the old Nordic sacrifice "blot" of pigs as we have today at Christmas. But in those days the big game of time I suppose was some wild animal like elk or deer. In east Sweden pigs become early the big game. This may be seen in carvings at Himmelstadlund. Norrkauping. There are lots of pigs.

The grid man set on the sky. Early astronomers needed to have a grid to design the zodiac and other figures in the constellations. I suppose the stone rows of Carnac were a good help in creating the virtual brain of mankind in the sky.

To show continuity the last picture in this part has to be the Sigurd runic carvings from the twelfth century AD on the bounds between heathen and Christianity. We see the ancient Two Adda plus representing the moon year. They divide the upper adda in two and on the joint is the sign for the rising node of the moon. A node is being the lunar orbit cross' ecliptic. The iconic figures are partly from sagas of nobility, partly the very old icons as Bear-Guise/ Bear-watcher or Arcturus below the lower adda. Talk about continuity. About the same time the archbishops as the Master of Time take the reverse on coins, which earlier was often used for time icons.


The Elkwood


From the old folk tale from nearby Haugelund we may decide that maybe it was that old bull and ram game in the woods. Or maybe they from the beginning called it the Elk Game





But after this the story about rest of the Scandinavian carvings begin ... but first a short story about the nature of man and beast in next picture .........