Crossed circles, time-wheels, season-wheels

  Symbols in rock-carvings Crossed circles, time-wheels, season-wheels

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Crossed circles, time-wheels, season-wheels

Code … Picture … Explanation




The first of the three symbols are KA for the crossed circle alternatively a pair of feet. The cupmark is ER or mark for beginning of season. Third is a symbol TA perhaps marking Virgin in the middle of season.


This marks the direction LIGEUD as it still is in Danish today meaning "right forward". Then the reference directions and points have to be known.

The time-wheel at vicarage of Ör


This time-wheel associates to the Indian term "The big and the small wheel". That is much like the big and small hand on a clock but in another dimension. The smaller wheel stands for a quarter counted from the reference midwinter. A little cupmark is for February and beginning of season at the staff. Since the season is seven moons, the spoke is not in the middle of the quarter in August.


The time-wheel at the Ronar Spit

With nothing to compare with it would be difficult to tell what it is. We see a misplaced spoke and can compare with above. However since we have a field and snakes on the side we can tell it is a time-wheel ... see more about snakes below.

Work beneath

The symbols in half the wheel tell about the process in the soil. On the other side is a RA symbol marking harvest and the symbols NA KEIBAN.

Time-wheel of the cowboys

This is the time-wheel for cowboys. Only the Ramadan is marked clearly with symbols.

Time-wheel from the Shore


  At the shore besides the wheel this little text reads IPA I KER AN and the wheel might be the centre for observations southwards. The third quarter has a broken outline telling that something is "taken out" such as at Ramadan or harvest.

Season-wheel at Candlemas

 On the west side of the Spit is this countersunk footprint and surely marking beginning of season. Then maybe it is the same on this wheel. There are also a short and a long stroke usually marking "equal". The empty boat is also a symbol for beginning of season.


FIUR is the root for Danish four and fire in English. It is under the big season-ship and maybe marking beginning of the second AK in beginning of May. Then we may ask if it mean the Celtic Beltaine. Then it is the Swedish Valborg with a fire as a symbolic cleaning of nature for a new season. A known method in spring was the burning of leaves and branches on the fields as a kind of fertilizer. Some may say it is a hand, but a clear hand is nearby.


The cross is in 45 degrees to the reference. Then it is marking one of the four inner days Candlemas, Beltaine, Lugnasad, Samain.

Ronar West


On the Ronar West are several crossed circles or footprints. On these two are season marks. The broken line reads AK and mean one of the inner four.

Other season symbols.



……  ……..…….…….




KA or a softer GA means "to go/ go/ going" and the understood object the sun, time or work in the space-time. It is a symbol as well as an ideogram and an icon.


Doubled symbols mean "going" and three together is the noun or "to go at go" or the entire phenomenon.


Time-wheels and work in the season


Time-wheels Norrköping


We have to borrow these time-wheels from Norrköping because they are very pedagogic. They show picturing the moons with different footprints during a season of seven moons. The season begins with the marked heel in both cases. We find the same in Sumerian LU meaning man or moon. We also know that during the season in Egypt, Sumer and Scandinavia the followed the moon. On the left wheel the outer line is partly open in the second quarter.

 This footprint is marking that the heel at going down and the toes are in the air. The cupmarks ER ER may also read "being being" or growing.

The Seven


The Seven are in an enclosure marking that they belong to a whole, i.e. the season. The left begins with a symbol for the couple Orion and Auriga, the two stroked footprint is for Gemini and then the Heel. The other enclosure is open for a "take out". Both are from the Peasant’s Almanac at the Ronar Spit.


This picture gives us the definition for "the field" as the check pattern. Maybe the outline is the season boat and the big cupmark is the step down to Underworld. Then there is Earth-snake or the earth’s womb. The other snake is the harvest and we see them also in the ritual sky.

Work in the plant

The other wheel shows the work in the Underworld. We may read the symbols in the upper quarter maybe "KE I KER I KEL" or "give to kernel". On the other side there are the symbols NA KEIBAN.

The Addas


These are further explanations from the Peasant’s Almanac where the snakes begin at Beltaine and ends at UR GE = give out. We see the river of Underworld, i.e. moisture in the soil. They made the abstraction of the womb as a snake and the harvest also a snake with duration as another abstraction.

The dynamic adda


The snake is an abstraction for something with duration of time and length. In this case it is a definite abstraction marked by the symbols in both ends.

The Water-snake

This is the Water-snake from the Meadow as season mark according to the animal round.

Three time addas


These are symbols for splitting the time. Normally we see the long summer snake and one or two shorter winter snakes. Sometimes there is a very short one for the eleven days to even the moons with the sun-year. This symbolism lasted to Viking Age as for instance the Sigurd runic carvings.

Winter and doubled lines

These symbols are difficult to interpret. They are from the winter side of rock 4. Observe the doubled lines fro the other half year.


The rock-carvings is on a separate rock on the Ronar Spit. It seems so be the idea of marriage. Two units that like two snakes are tied together. Compare with the symbolism about the moon year.

Mythic pairs



Maybe we should use the high special language hieros gamos or the sacred marriage even if we do not know what our ancestors really thought about it. Here shown as figures and symbols. Still, the marriage between sun and earth was in focus in the calendar and in myths.

Marriage in the underworld

The little symbol at left is UN or NA and both give a hint about Underworld. Then we see the two indefinite lines go together and the circles symbolising two units working. Saying that it is the marriage of Underworld is easiest.


These are twins working with "fertilizing and watering" known from Sumerian myths. They are from the square on the Meadow.

 Going into Earth ban

The lady is sowing or giving her seed to her twin sister in the Underworld.

The little one on journey




Iban, Kim or Germ on a journey at the River of Underworld.

Moon ritual


Since this is much like the ERIBAN-symbols showing sowing, this is perhaps the symbol for the astro-ceremony. It is a parallel to sowing, but it looks more like the moon in ban.

Four days waiting


This is a half moon and the four days of the wane moon. The Sumerian moon god Nergal had its parallel in Nana in the Edda. The Crow Moon in Mars is at least in the Northern Hemisphere global as the first warning in spring. In the symbolism we see two methods in spring. That is watching the star at sunrise at the equinox. However also the opposite stars could be watched, normally they are actual at autumn equinoxes.

Ina in action

We can suppose that they called the New Moon Maid Ina as we see these two symbols I and NA in several places. This sentence could be read "Ina gives water in the hood and earth". In Middle East she was new moon, rain and fertility.

To the sister underworld

NA LILL UN I is a text at Candlemas at rock 4 and it means that the little one goes beneath, while the Bear-watcher is guard. It is the Northern name for Boötes.



Near the text NALILL UN I are these bear-paws we can compare with a sure paw from Norrköping. There are 22 smaller paws on rock 4. The Bear-watcher as opposite stars at the equinox was actual about 1700 BC.


This paw is under the Ramadan-boat at rock 4 and then date it to early Bronze Age. It could also be used for the autumn equinox of course.

IN and OUT

The double spiral is also near the paws and the message is "in and out" understood as the growing and harvesting work. We know the spiral from the Aegean culture but it became out of fashion about 1400 BC. Then it began to flower in Scandinavia for several hundreds of years ... see timeline in Law of the Naked.

Ear or tree


Knowing whether this is an ear or a tree is difficult. They cut this in the clay slate. It seems to have been made later during last millennium. If it is an ear, it is Spica in the hand of Virgin. If it is a tree, it was actual in last millenium for Cancer or Candlemas’ rituals. However the Tree of Life is much older. Maybe it was out of fashion or belonged to less known culture during the ages … see also Ashera below under Tree or ear?

The real thing

When we know what it is about, seeing the symbolism is easy. There are the pair making love and a helping hand. Then the hand is giving something to the earth in the guise of the snake beneath. Since we know the folk memory from Högelund we can see that in the ritual the loving pair mixed their seed with the corn before putting it into the soil.

"Pick on!"

The symbols together say "pick on", since two picks are the verb.

Trials with reindeer?


Here we may ask if this is the first speculation about using animal power. The double act is up to their way of reasoning in stages. In Sumerian thinking there should be three steps before reaching the wet soil usable for growing.


In normal logic the lined area is stable material and perhaps metals. There is also a PA-symbol on the area. The oval symbol has the meaning "KA I BAN" and the hand is also urging for work on the metal or whatever it is.

Ga up Ma

"Ga up Ma" is the meaning of the negative hands urging Mother Earth to get open. In the woods around Högsbyn are finds of green stone used for axes and there is some finds of copper too. In Egypt Isis was the goddess of mining in areas with suitable mountains.

Hand Era


The Hand Era began in Egypt 1159 BC when they adjusted their astro-calendar due to the precession. Some temples had surely used the same fix-stars since ca 3100 BC but it was out of date with a month when they made the change. With our signs the cardinal points of sky became Aries, Cancer/Crab, Libra/Boötes and Capricorn. We surely got the hand in trade with the Phoenicians. However, this hand is not of the type.