ORIGINS OF THE CUMMIN(G)S/COMYNS NAME - 3
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Subject: ORIGINS OF THE CUMMIN(G)S/COMYNS NAME - 3 Date: Sun, 4 Jul 1999 19:51:36 EDT From: Chascum@aol.com Date: Sun, 04 May 1997 20:32:00 -0700 From: j kreuz To: Chascum@aol.com Subject: Cummings Line I am attaching my complete genealogy for your perusal and distribution. I can be reached to answer questions at(847) 824-6015 or can provide copies of any documents I possess if it is needed. I hope I can help someone. ---------------- HISTORY OF THE CUMMINGS CLAN OF MT. VERNON, ILLINOIS CUMMINGS is a name that is rich with history and adventure, from the ancient hills of Scotland to the shores of a new land called America. One of the Highland Clans or "Highlanders," the Cummings Clan emerged as one of the most powerful and notable families in Scottish history. There are many books available that recount this great story in more detail but what follows is a brief history of the Clan's origin. The name itself is a Norman surname. Originally believed to be of French origin, the Normans were actually Vikings, who landed in the Orkneys and Northern Scotland around the year 870 A.D. In 1066, William the Conqueror allocated the Earldom of Northumberland to Robert de Comines, from Comminges in Normandy. However, Robert's violence in ruling the local people became so intolerable that he was killed in 1069. William Cummin the Chancellor also held the Bishopric of Durham by force (against the consent of the chapter) for three years, but after his nephew William Cummin, was killed in the dispute, he gave up the bishopric in 1144 in return for the castle and Honor of Northallerton being given to another nephew, Richard Cummin (Comyn), ancestor of the Scottish clan. When Richard Comyn, lord of Northallerton, came to Scotland with King David (1124-53), he married Hextilda of Tynedale, granddaughter of King Donald III of Scotland (the King of Scots who had been deposed and blinded in 1097). Richard had a son by this marriage, William, who became the Earl of Buchan. William had Richard, who became the father of Sir John Comyn, (the Black Comyn) Chief of the Clan, who claimed the throne of Scotland by his descendency from King Donald. The Black Comyn married King John Balliol's sister, Alienora, by whom he had a son, John Comyn of Badenoch, called the "Red Comyn." During this time, the highest rank in Scotland was that of earl, held only by the mightiest cousins of the king or by the heirs of former local kings, and there were only thirteen earldomes altogether. In 1242 Alexander Cummin was the Earl of Buchan, Walter Cummin was Earl of Menteith and John Cummin was Earl of Angus, all as the result of further marriages to Celtic dynastic heiresses. Nearly a quarter of the Scottish earls were Cummins and the Cummins themselves had come to have as much Celtic as Norman blood. >From 1270 to 1308, the Cummins also held the great military office of hereditary Constable of Scotland, whose duties included the guarding of the king's own person. A Cummins endowed the rebuilding of Glasgow Cathedral during this peaceful time. After the death of Alexander the Third the King of Scots in 1286, and subsequent death of his granddaughter, Margaret, the young Maiden of Norway in 1290, the throne of Scotland was empty. Two families however stood in line; the Balliols and the Bruces. King Edward Plantagenet I ("Longshanks") of England supported the throne of John Balliol until 1296 when Balliol was exiled by King Edward. John Comyn, Robert the Bruce (who would become the King of Scotland and from whom came the Stuarts, Kings of England), and Bishop William Lamberton were named as the three guardians of the realm around 1306. The two families, the Bruces and Comyns, were the two most powerful families in Scotland but the rivalry between them was great as both Comyn and Bruce laid claim to the throne of Scotland. Both Comyn and Bruce were descendants of David the I; Comyn descended from the elder daughter, Margaret; and Bruce descended from the younger daughter, Isabel. In addition, Comyn claimed the throne through his mother Alienora, daughter of John Balliol. The Scots at the time were in the midst of a rebellion against England led by the legendary hero, William Wallace. After Wallace's capture and execution, Bruce and Comyn came to an agreement whereby Bruce would lead the revolt against England and assume the Crown of Scotland, and in exchange, John Comyn would be given Bruce's lands. Comyn, however, told King Edward about the arrangement and promised to deliver the letter evidencing the agreement. Unfortunately, Bruce intercepted Comyn's man with the letter before he could reach King Edward. In February 1306, Bruce invited Comyn to the church in Dumfries to discuss terms of agreement. The discussion grew more volatile and Bruce struck Comyn, severally injuring him. Sir Robert Comyn, John's uncle, came to his aid but his sword was reflected off Bruce's armor and he was slain. As Bruce came out of the church, his followers asked what happened, whereupon he replied "I doubt that I have slain Red Comyn." Christopher Seaton, his brother-in-law, said he would finish Comyn, and with another of Bruce's men, went into the church and fatally struck the injured man. His rival gone, on March 23, 1306, Robert the Bruce was crowned King of Scotland. However, throughout his life, the excommunicated Bruce would try to pay penance for his sacrilege at the church. Comyn's relatives sought relief from King Edward and together they vowed vengence against Bruce and hounded him across Scotland, forcing him to flee for his life and the safety of his Queen and her followers. Bruce and his growing band of men not only survived but grew stronger and Bruce regained his lands and his standing. Under the guise of peace talks, Edward agreed to meet Bruce on the field of Bannockburn in 1314. Although greatly outnumbered, the Scots routed the English in the most famous battle in the history of Scotland. The Red Comyn's only son, rightful Lord of Badenoch and chief of the clan, was killed in action against his father's slayer that day. After Bannockburn, Robert took pains to destroy the house of Cummins. He took their holds and women and slew all the men. The Buchan branch of the Cummins was destroyed by Bruce. However, the Red Comyn's heiresses carried the family claim to the Scottish throne abroad to France. Far to the north, on the borders of Badenoch, a branch of the Cummings continued. Their chiefs, the Cummings of Altyre, descended from Sir Robert, the younger brother of the Black Comyn. Robert himself was slain by Bruce's friends while trying to save his murdered nephew in that fatal church in 1306. Robert married Lucy, daughter of the Gordon of Gordontown and his great grandson assumed the arms and title of the Clan Gordon. Thomas succeeded as Chief. After the overthrow of the MacWilliams in 1230, the Cummins became undisputed Lords of Badenoch, holding also much of Lochaber and the "Great Glen." The present chief, the 22nd, Sir William Gordon-Cummings of Altyre, still lives near Forres, which the Cummins have held since the Middle Ages. The badge of the family is the Cumin Plant. The Coat of Arms is a blue field with three gold sheaves of wheat. The tartan of the Clan is a dark green background with blue, red and yellow stripes. The crest is a gold lion rampart holding in his dexter paw a dagger. The ancient family motto is "Courage." ------- ------------------------- THE CUMMINGS CLAN IN THE UNITED STATES Many of the Highland clans of Scotland migrated to Ireland where they settled in Counties Cork and Wexford, and to England where they experienced many hardships. Soon, as news of a "new world" spread, many people in the British Isles set sail on ships known as the "White Sails." Many sold themselves out as servants to pay passage to the new land. On early voyages like these, the Cummings Clan came to America. The Clan arrived at various ports in the eastern United States, some as early as 1622 to Jamestown, Virginia. Some landed at Salem, Massachusetts around 1635. The family migrated north to parts of Antigonish, Pictou, Canada; Michigan; and south to the Carolinas as well as Virginia. In Virginia, the family settled in York County out of which came Northumberland, Richmond, and Stafford Counties. Early records show the Cummings in Overwharton Parrish ca. 1723, which, until 1730, was in Stafford County. In 1730, Overwharton Parish was divided into Hamilton and Leeds Parishes, part of Prince William County created in 1731. Records around 1735 show the family in Hamilton Parish. In 1759, Hamilton Parish then became part of Fauquier County where the family records continued until they moved west. During the Revolutionary War, many of the family served their new country, notably Colonel Cummings who fought at Ticanderoga and Captain Alexander Cummings who served under General George Washington. After the War, news came of rich and open land to the west. The railroads were built and veining their way across the land, opening a door to new opportunities. Despite such hardships as unknown terrain and Indians, many soon ventured westward. Born of the Virginia Cummings, Asa Cummings moved westward to North Carolina around 1795 and then moved his family from North Carolina to Warren County Kentucky around 1800. In 1819, Simpson County was created from part of Warren County. The family moved to Illinois around 1830 settling in Madison, Macoupin, Greene and finally Jefferson Counties. During the Civil War, the Cummings family men did not hesitate to fight. Several members joined the Illinois units of the Union Army and the family even gave up two of its sons at the Battle of Shiloh. Others were never to be the same, suffering various illnesses and injuries as a result of the long and drawn out conflict. Because the family has its roots in the South, it is possible they faced many of their cousins, or even brothers, on the other side of the lines. The War ended, the family, farmers by trade, returned to Illinois to raise crops and children, buying land around Dodds and Weber Townships in Jefferson County. During the Great Depression, the family scraped by on what they could, raising their children with a strong Christian foundation. During the First and Second World Wars, the Cummings again joined the service of their country, sending their sons, and even their daughters, into the ranks of the nation's various fighting forces. Besides a great faith in God and willingness to serve, many of the family showed a great aptitude for the arts. There are several professional artists in the family and many others who are talented craftsmen in addition to other professions. Spread across this nation, from California to Florida, the Cummings family continues to grow as distant cousins reach out to each other to join in the discovery of the rich heritage that comes from being born in the ancient Clan of Cummings. ------------------- Subj: Re:CUMMINS/FAMILY Date: 95-08-20 02:07:39 EDT From: Jeders2 To: Chascum Dear Chascum. Here are the pedigree charts that I found when researching the Comyns. Hope they help, Jeders2. Descendants of Duncan I 1 Duncan I, King of Scotland 2 Donald Bane, King of Scotland ... 3 Princess Bethoc ......... +Huctred de Tynedale ...... 4 Hextilda de Tyndale ............ +Richard Comyn ......... 5 William Comyn ............... +??? ........... 6 Richard Comyn - 1248 .............. 7 THE RED COMYN I .................... +Alicia ................. 8 William Comyn of Kirkintilloch ................. 8 [2] The Black Comyn ....................... +[1] Eleanor Balliol .................... 9 [3] The Red Comyn II - 1305 ....................... 10 [4] John Comyn IV ....................... 10 [5] Joan Comyn ............................. +[6] David Strathbogie ....................... 10 [7] Elizabeth Comyn ............................. +[8] Richard Talbot ......................... 11 [9] Earls of Shrewsbury ................. 8 John 'le jeon'Comyn .............. 7 William Comyn .............. 7 Richard Comyn II ........... 6 Walter Earl of Menteith - 1258 .................. +Isabella Countess of Menteith .............. 7 Henry Comyn ........... 6 Jean Comyn .................. +William Earl of Ross ......... *2nd Wife of William Comyn: ............... +Marjory Countess of Buchan ........... 6 Alexander Comyn - 1289 .................. +Elizabeth de Quincy .............. 7 John Comyn .................... +Isabel of Fife .............. 7 Roger Comyn .............. 7 Sir Alexander Comyn .................... +Johanna Latimer ................. 8 Alicia Comyn ....................... +Henry de Beaumont ................. 8 Margaret Comyn ....................... +Sir John Ross .............. 7 William Comyn .............. 7 Marjory Comyn .................... +Patrick Earl of March or Dunbar .............. 7 Emma Comyn .................... +Malise Earl of Strathearn .............. 7 Elena Comyn .................... +Sir William of Brechin .............. 7 ??? Comyn .................... +Sir Nicholas Soulis ........... 6 William Comyn ........... 6 Fergus Comyn ........... 6 Idonea Comyn .................. +Sir Gilbert Hay ........... 6 Elizabeth Comyn .................. +William Earl of Mar ........... 6 Agnes Comyn .................. +Phillip Meldrun ......... 5 John Comyn - Abt 1159 ......... 5 Odo Comyn ......... 5 Simon Comyn ......... 5 David Comyn - Bef 1247 ............... +Isabella 2 Malcolm King of Scotland ....... +Queen of Scotland Saint Margaret ... 3 David I King of Scots ...... 4 Earl of Huntingdon ......... 5 Earl of Huntingdon David ........... 6 Margaret of Huntingdon .................. +Alan of Galloway .............. 7 Devorgilla .................... +John de Balliol I ................. 8 [1] Eleanor Balliol ....................... +[2] The Black Comyn .................... 9 [3] The Red Comyn II - 1305 ....................... 10 [4] John Comyn IV ....................... 10 [5] Joan Comyn ............................. +[6] David Strathbogie ....................... 10 [7] Elizabeth Comyn ............................. +[8] Richard Talbot ......................... 11 [9] Earls of Shrewsbury ................. 8 King of Scotland ........... 6 Isabel of Huntingdon .................. +Robert de Brus IV .............. 7 Robert de Brus V ................. 8 Earl of Carrick .................... 9 Robert I, King of Scotland ......... +Maud de Northampton ... 3 Matilda ......... +Henry I King of England Descendants of Robert de Comines 1 Robert de Comines 2 John Comyn - Abt 1135 ....... +______Giffard ... 3 William Comyn - Bef 1140 ......... +Maud Bassett ...... 4 Richard Comyn ............ +Hextilda de Tyndale ......... 5 William Comyn ............... +??? ........... 6 Richard Comyn - 1248 .............. 7 THE RED COMYN I .................... +Alicia ................. 8 William Comyn of Kirkintilloch ................. 8 The Black Comyn ....................... +Eleanor Balliol .................... 9 The Red Comyn II - 1305 ....................... 10 John Comyn IV ....................... 10 Joan Comyn ............................. +David Strathbogie ....................... 10 Elizabeth Comyn ............................. +Richard Talbot ......................... 11 Earls of Shrewsbury ................. 8 John 'le jeon'Comyn .............. 7 William Comyn .............. 7 Richard Comyn II ........... 6 Walter Earl of Menteith - 1258 .................. +Isabella Countess of Menteith .............. 7 Henry Comyn ........... 6 Jean Comyn .................. +William Earl of Ross ......... *2nd Wife of William Comyn: ............... +Marjory Countess of Buchan ........... 6 Alexander Comyn - 1289 .................. +Elizabeth de Quincy .............. 7 John Comyn .................... +Isabel of Fife .............. 7 Roger Comyn .............. 7 Sir Alexander Comyn .................... +Johanna Latimer ................. 8 Alicia Comyn ....................... +Henry de Beaumont ................. 8 Margaret Comyn ....................... +Sir John Ross .............. 7 William Comyn .............. 7 Marjory Comyn .................... +Patrick Earl of March or Dunbar .............. 7 Emma Comyn .................... +Malise Earl of Strathearn .............. 7 Elena Comyn .................... +Sir William of Brechin .............. 7 ??? Comyn .................... +Sir Nicholas Soulis ........... 6 William Comyn ........... 6 Fergus Comyn ........... 6 Idonea Comyn .................. +Sir Gilbert Hay ........... 6 Elizabeth Comyn .................. +William Earl of Mar ........... 6 Agnes Comyn .................. +Phillip Meldrun ......... 5 John Comyn - Abt 1159 ......... 5 Odo Comyn ......... 5 Simon Comyn ......... 5 David Comyn - Bef 1247 ............... +Isabella ...... 4 Walter Comyn ...... 4 William Comyn II - 1142 Descendants of Roger of Beaumont 1 Roger of Beaumont 2 Robert Beaumont ... 3 Robert Beaumont II ...... 4 Robert Beaumont III .......... +Isabella of Leicester ......... 5 Margaret de Beaumont ............. +Seher de Quincy ........... 6 Roger de Quincy ................ +Helen of Galloway .............. 7 Elizabeth de Quincy .................. +Alexander Comyn - 1289 ................. 8 John Comyn ..................... +Isabel of Fife ................. 8 Roger Comyn ................. 8 Sir Alexander Comyn ..................... +Johanna Latimer .................... 9 Alicia Comyn ........................ +Henry de Beaumont .................... 9 Margaret Comyn ........................ +Sir John Ross ................. 8 William Comyn ................. 8 Marjory Comyn ..................... +Patrick Earl of March or Dunbar ................. 8 Emma Comyn ..................... +Malise Earl of Strathearn ................. 8 Elena Comyn ..................... +Sir William of Brechin ................. 8 ??? Comyn ..................... +Sir Nicholas Soulis ......... 5 Robert Earl of Leicester Descendants of Robert the Devil 1 Robert Duke of Normandy 2 King William I "The Conqueror" ....... +Maud of Flanders ... 3 Henry I King of England ......... +mistress ...... 4 Elizabeth? ............ +Fergus of Galloway ......... 5 Uhthred of Galloway ............... +Gunnilda de Allerdale ........... 6 Roland of Allerdale .................. +Helen de Moreville .............. 7 Alan of Galloway .................... +Margaret of Huntingdon ................. 8 Devorgilla ....................... +John de Balliol I .................... 9 Eleanor Balliol .......................... +The Black Comyn ....................... 10 The Red Comyn II - 1305 ......................... 11 John Comyn IV ......................... 11 Joan Comyn ................................ +David Strathbogie ......................... 11 Elizabeth Comyn ................................ +Richard Talbot ............................ 12 Earls of Shrewsbury .................... 9 King of Scotland .............. *2nd Wife of Alan of Galloway: .................... +____ de Lacy ................. 8 [2] Helen of Galloway ....................... +[1] Roger de Quincy .................... 9 [3] Elizabeth de Quincy .......................... +[4] Alexander Comyn - 1289 ....................... 10 [5] John Comyn ............................. +[6] Isabel of Fife ....................... 10 [7] Roger Comyn ....................... 10 [8] Sir Alexander Comyn ............................. +[9] Johanna Latimer ......................... 11 [10] Alicia Comyn ................................ +[11] Henry de Beaumont ......................... 11 [12] Margaret Comyn ................................ +[13] Sir John Ross ....................... 10 [14] William Comyn ....................... 10 [15] Marjory Comyn ............................. +[16] Patrick Earl of March or Dunbar ....................... 10 [17] Emma Comyn ............................. +[18] Malise Earl of Strathearn ....................... 10 [19] Elena Comyn ............................. +[20] Sir William of Brechin ....................... 10 [21] ??? Comyn ............................. +[22] Sir Nicholas Soulis ......... 5 Gilbert of Galloway ... *1st Wife of Henry I: ......... +Matilda 2 Adelaide of Normandy ....... +Count of Lens ... 3 Judith of Normandy ......... +Waltheof of Northampton ...... 4 Maud de Northampton ............ +Simon de Senlis ......... 5 Maud de Senliss II ............... +Seher de Quincy ........... 6 Robert de Quincy .................. +Orabile filia Ness .............. 7 Seher de Quincy .................... +Margaret de Beaumont ................. 8 [1] Roger de Quincy ....................... +[2] Helen of Galloway .................... 9 [3] Elizabeth de Quincy .......................... +[4] Alexander Comyn - 1289 ....................... 10 [5] John Comyn ............................. +[6] Isabel of Fife ....................... 10 [7] Roger Comyn ....................... 10 [8] Sir Alexander Comyn ............................. +[9] Johanna Latimer ......................... 11 [10] Alicia Comyn ................................ +[11] Henry de Beaumont ......................... 11 [12] Margaret Comyn ................................ +[13] Sir John Ross ....................... 10 [14] William Comyn ....................... 10 [15] Marjory Comyn ............................. +[16] Patrick Earl of March or Dunbar ....................... 10 [17] Emma Comyn ............................. +[18] Malise Earl of Strathearn ....................... 10 [19] Elena Comyn ............................. +[20] Sir William of Brechin ....................... 10 [21] ??? Comyn ............................. +[22] Sir Nicholas Soulis ...... *2nd Husband of Maud de Northampton: ............ +David I King of Scots -------------------------------