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Page 1

 

Group 4: Genetic-Genealogy Analysis

by Clovis La Fleur

Last Update:: February 06, 2017

 

Introduction

As genealogist, we have been primarily tracing our ancestors by following the family surname "paper trails." [Most often our documented paternal lines.] In order to do the same genetically, we must follow the Y chromosome trail of two living males to a male ancestor they have in common, that is, a male ancestor with the same surname. Living males with the same surnames can be Y-DNA tested and their respective Y chromosomes compared to determine if they share a common ancestor who lived after the usage of surnames became common in much of Europe in the 13th and 14th centuries (referred to as genealogical time).

Sex is determined by two sex chromosomes referred to as X and Y. A female has two X-chromosomes (XX); while a male has one X and one Y chromosome (XY). Females receive an X Chromosome from each parent which then recombine. Because Y doesn't recombine with other chromosomes, it's unusually good for tracing how men have traveled and settled around the world. The Y chromosome transfer from Father to son is relatively unchanged from generation to generation. If, for example, their Y Chromosomes were compared, the probability will be very high they are a perfect Y Chromosome match. If this son passes his Y-DNA to his son — this grandson's comparison to his grandfather will result in a perfect Y-Chromosome match. In an ideal world, this would continue through generation after generation. However, genetically, we do not live in an ideal world — for random mutations over many generations can and do occur.

Over thousands of years, different groups have traveled and settled around the world. Each group has its own path and history recorded in DNA. Part of that record is found on the Y chromosome. Population geneticists study changes in the genetic code called Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs). They happen at a rate of approximately one mutation every few hundred generations. Once discovered, SNPs are placed on the Y chromosome Consortium’s (YCC) phylogenic tree. This tree can then be used to explore our own shared past and place our — or a representative relative’s — Y chromosome in the context of ancient historic migrations.

The Y chromosome has another type of ancestral marker — Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) — that trace recent ancestry; mostly within genealogical time; or after surname usage was established in Europe. By counting the short tandem repeats on a segment of a selected Y chromosome Marker, these repeats, defined as Allele values, can then be used in comparisons of any two males to determine relatedness. Each DYS marker used in a comparison has a defined label known as a DYS Marker number (DNA Y chromosome Segment). A Haplotype is defined as a collection of two or more DYS markers. All Members of Group 4 have been tested over 37 DYS Markers, reported as STR Markers numbered 1 through 37 in Table 1 presented below. A 37 STR Modal Haplotype for Group 4 has been identified and presented in in the row under the STR Marker #s. A Group Modal Haplotype is defined as the most frequent Allele Value observed for each Group Member at each STR Marker # column.

Those in Group 4 have been reported by several Members of Group 4 to genealogically be descendants of Thomas Starke [1616-1684], believed to be their earliest known Common ancestor with the surname Starke. While his identity has not been confirmed at this time, he is believed to have been the Father of Thomas Starke [1648/9-1705], Merchant of London, born in about 1648/9 in Norfolk, England; and John Starke [1644-1695], Merchant of New Kent County, Virginia, probably also born in Norfolk, England. There are Group 4 Project Members Y-DNA tested that descend from two separate branches of John Starke [1644-1695], New Kent Co., VA, Merchant: 1) Members who descend from Col. John Starke [1717-1799] of Hanover Co., VA; and 2) Members who descend from his brother, Thomas Starke [1725-1785] of Fairfield Co., SC. One descendant of Thomas Starke [1648/9-1705], Merchant of London, has been Y-DNA Tested and placed in Group 4 due to his close Y-DNA match to these Project Members.

The genetic results of Members of Group 4 place them in Haplogroup G-M201. Their SNP Mutation placing them in Haplogroup G-M201 means they could not have shared a common male ancestor named Stark, Stark, or Starke, with any other Project Members within  thousands of years; or well before genealogical time. One Member of Group 4, #89006 (A1), has additional SNP tests that are positive for the L1266 SNP Mutation, placing him in a Subclade Haplogroup of G-M201 labeled as G-L1266, suggesting all Members of Group 4, if tested for this Subclade, would most likely also be positive for the L1266 SNP mutation.

 

Group 4 Members Y-DNA STR 37 Marker Results

Table 1 presents the 37 Marker STR Y-DNA results of Project Members placed in Group 4. The Kit #s for each Member are presented in the Kit # (ID Code) Column. The ID Codes presented after each Kit # will be used when discussing genetic comparisons of any two Members of Group 4 (for example, a comparison of A1 to A2). For the purpose of this report, an STR Mutation occurs at a specific Marker # when that Members allele value differs from the G4 Modal Haplotype presented in the first row under the STR Marker #s. For example, Kit #89006 (A1) has the allele value 13. Observe the Modal Haplotype has the allele value 14. Because A1 has an STR Marker #1 allele value that differs from the Modal Haplotype allele value at STR Marker #1, the A1 STR Marker #1 cell has a yellow background. In the Marker #1 column, five Members of Group 4 have the value 14, while only 2 have the value 13. Observe in each following Marker # Column, the G4 Modal Haplotype row has the most common allele values observed for the group in each Marker # column.  This method of determining mutations results in a minimum number of mutations for the population tested. The STR Marker # cells of the Members of Group 4 that match the G4 Modal Haplotype will have an orange background indicating agreement with the G4 Modal Haplotype.

The genealogy provided by Kit #399368 (D1) places his direct line male ancestor, Thomas Stark [1648/9-1705], merchant of London, 9 generations in the past (see Page 2). When the genealogy of Members of Group 4 that are descendants of John Starke [1644-1695], presented in the Gen 9 column, are compared to the genealogy of #399368 (D1) — reveal, based on the genealogies submitted, they cannot share a common ancestor in Generations 1 thru 9. Genealogically, the Table 2 Lineage for Members of Group 4 places Thomas Starke [1616-1684] in Gen 10 as the Father of Thomas Starke [1648/9-1705] (Gen 9) and John Starke [1644-1695] (Gen 9). Although his identity is not known with certainty as this time, if Thomas [1648/9-1705] and John Starke [1644-1695] were brothers, then they would share a Father in Gen 10, presented in Gen 10 as Thomas Starke [1616-1684].

When the FTDNATiP™ Calculator [See Note 1] Y-DNA compares Kit #89006 (A1), to #399368 (D1), they differ at STR Marker #s 1 and 35, resulting in a genetic distance of 2 and an 86.34% probability they could share a common ancestor within 11 generations – this common ancestor presented in Gen 10 as Thomas Stark [1616-1684]. When Kit #78032 (B1) — a different descendant of John Starke [1644-1695] thru Col. John Starke [1717-1799] — is genetically compared to #399368 (D1), there is a genetic distance of 1 (differing at Marker #25; but match each other at Marker #35), resulting in a higher probability of 96.22% they could share a common ancestor within 11 generations. Based on these probabilities, it is very likely #399368 (D1) genetically shares a common ancestor in Generation 10 with these Group 4 Members who descend from Col. John Starke of Hanover Co., VA.

Member #450526 (C1) has an ancestral lineage back to Capt. Thomas Stark [1725-1785] of Kershaw Co., SC, presented in Table 2 as a brother of Col. John Starke of Hanover Co., VA. As Presented in Table 2, their Father would have been Thomas Starke [1685-1744]. Member #450526 (C1)  is a perfect genetic match to the Group 4 Modal Haplotype over 37 STR Markers.  When #450526 was compared to #89006, they have a genetic distance of 1 — differing at STR Marker #1 — and a 92.50% probability they could share a common ancestor within 9 generations, or a common Father of Capt. Thomas Starke and Col. John Starke in Generation 8, presented in Table 2 as Thomas Starke [1685-1744] of King William Co., VA. Comparing the results of #450526 to other Members of Group 4 results in Genetic Distances of 1 or 2. No other Member of Group 4 is a perfect match to the Group 4 Modal Haplotype.

 

Notes & Sources

1) The time predictor used for the comparisons is furnished by Family Tree DNA and referred to as FTDNATiP™. The FTDNATiP™ results are based on the mutation rate study presented during the 1st International Conference on Genetic Genealogy, on Oct. 30, 2004. The probabilities calculated take into consideration the mutation rates for each individual marker being compared. Visit the FTDNA Home Page to find more information.

 

Table 1: Group 4 Members 37 Marker Y-DNA Results

All Members Confirmed or Predicted to be Haplogroup G-M201 positive. Member #89006 has additional Haplogroup Testing placing him In Haplogroup G-L1266; suggesting all Members of Group 4 could also test to this Terminal Haplogroup

STR Marker # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37
Kit # (ID Code) G4 Modal 14 22 15 10 13 14 11 12 11 12 11 30 19 9 9 11 11 23 16 20 30 13 13 13 14 11 12 20 21 15 13 17 18 33 39 11 10
89006 (A1) L1266 13 22 15 10 13 14 11 12 11 12 11 30 19 9 9 11 11 23 16 20 30 13 13 13 14 11 12 20 21 15 13 17 18 33 39 11 10
149455 (A2) M201 13 22 15 10 13 14 11 12 11 12 11 30 19 9 9 11 11 23 16 20 30 13 13 13 14 11 12 20 21 15 13 17 18 33 39 11 10
N47628 (A3) M201 14 22 15 10 13 14 11 12 11 12 11 30 19 9 9 11 11 23 16 20 30 13 13 13 14 11 12 20 21 15 14 17 18 33 39 11 10
214358 (B1) M201 14 22 15 10 13 14 11 12 11 12 11 30 19 9 9 11 11 23 16 20 30 12 13 13 14 11 12 20 21 15 13 17 18 33 39 11 10
78032 (B2) M201 14 22 15 10 13 14 11 12 11 12 11 30 19 9 9 11 11 23 16 20 30 13 13 13 13 11 12 20 21 15 13 17 18 33 38 11 10
450526 (C1) M201 14 22 15 10 13 14 11 12 11 12 11 30 19 9 9 11 11 23 16 20 30 13 13 13 14 11 12 20 21 15 13 17 18 33 39 11 10
399368 (D1) M201 14 22 15 10 13 14 11 12 11 12 11 30 19 9 9 11 11 23 16 20 30 13 13 13 14 11 12 20 21 15 13 17 18 33 38 11 10

 

 

Page 2

 

Table 2: Group 4 Members Summary Lineages to Thomas Starke [1616-1684]

Member #89006 (A1) has excellent genealogical research back to Rev. Joseph Starke [1799-1853] (Gen 4) of Hanover County, Virginia.; but Capt. John Starke [1771-1829] being the Father of Joseph has been questioned by some Genealogical Researchers of this family line. The direct male line genealogy of #149455 (A2) is well researched to Thomas L. Stark [1824-1879] (Gen 3); and his Father, John Wyatt Starke [1796-1860] (Gen 4) — this connection also questioned by researchers. Genealogically, it can be stated with confidence #89006 (A1) and #149455 (A2) cannot share a common direct line ancestor with the surname Starke in Generations 1 through 4 — suggesting the earliest possible direct line male ancestor with the surname Starke they could possibly have; could have lived in generation 5, 6, or, perhaps, even Gen 7.

Table 2 presents the lineages submitted by Members #149455 (A2) and #89006 (A1). Later research may result in a revision of these two lineages. Richard Starke [1765-1832] (Gen 5) or Capt. John Stark [1771-1829] (Gen 5) have been entered as their Fathers in Gen 5; either one the possible missing link that connects them to Major John Starke [1742-1793] (Gen 6), a son of Col. John Starke [1715-1799] (Gen 7). The reason for this uncertainty is the perfect genetic match of #89006 (A1) & #149455 (A2) over 37 STR markers to each other; but when compared to the other Members of Group 4, they have a genetic distance of two or greater. The exception is their genetic comparison to #450526 (C1); as presented in Table 1. Members #89006 (A1) & #149455 (A2) have a genetic distance of 1 when compared to #450526 (C1).

Thomas Starke, [1616-1684] has been presented as the common ancestor with the surname Starke of all Members of Group 4. However, as will be presented below, there is some uncertainty relative to his identity. He has been presented in Table 2 as the Father of John Starke [1644-1695] and Thomas Starke [1648/9-1705] based on the research to be discussed below. These two men were most likely brothers. An English document suggest Thomas [1648/9-1705], may have been born in Norfolk, England, suggesting his brother, John [1644-1695], was also born in Norfolk. Research into this possibility is on going at this time.

 

Table 2 - Family Group 4 Summary Lineages
Gen -1 Gen 0 Gen 1 Gen 2 Gen 3 Gen 4 Gen 5 Gen 6 Gen 7 Gen 8 Gen 9 Gen 10
---------- John W. Starke
#89006 (A1)
Father
#89006
Private
John Wm.
Starke
1864-1916 
John Kerr
Starke
1834-1891 
Rev. Joseph
Starke
1799-1853 
Capt. John Starke
1771-1828
Maj. John Starke
1742-1793-94 
Col. John Starke
Hanover Co., VA
1717-1799 
Thomas Starke
King William Co., VA
1685-1744
John Starke
New Kent Co., VA Merchant
1644-1695
Thomas Starke
1616-1684
---------- Edgar A. Starke, Dr.
#149455 (A2) 
Father
#149455
Private 
Wm. Edger Starke
1856-1932 
Thomas L. Stark
1824-1879 
John Wyatt Starke
1796-?1860? 
Richard Starke
1765-1832  
---------- Russell F. Starke, Dr.
#N47628 (A3) 
Father
#N47628
Private 
Thomas Jefferson Starke, II
1897-1961 
Horace M. Starke
1860-1932
Thomas Jefferson Starke
1817-1888
William Starke
1786-1831
Bruce C. Stark
#214378 (B1)
Father
#214378
Private
James Wyatt Stark
1906-1971
Charles Rufus Stark
1876-1941
Wyatt Alexander Starke
1844-1915
Allen Starke
1808-bef 1880
John Dryden Starke
1777-1833
Wyatt Starke
1747-1804
---------- Gregory D. Starke
#78032 (B2)
James Melvin Starke
[1915-1999]
James Alex Starke
1874-1950
Creed Taylor Starke
1843-1920
Milton Hiram Starke
1805-1886
---------- Thomas E. Starke
#450526 (C1)
Father
#450526
John Douglas Starke
1888-1983
Eugene  Douglas Starke
1843-1920
John Douglas Starke
1833-1894
Horatio Starke
1810-bet 1850-60
Col. Douglas Starke
1749-bet 1820-30
Capt. Thomas Starke
Kershaw Co., SC
bef. 1725-abt 1785
---------- Hypothetical
Son
#399368
Richard Starke
#399368 (D1)
Father
#399368
Private
Henry Ravenscroft Starke
(1876-1955)
James Ravenscroft Starke, Jr.
(1849-1879)
James Ravenscroft Starke
(1810-1875)
Lt Col Richard Isaac Starke
(1768-1827)
Gov. Richard Starke
(1720-1759)
John Starke
(1685-1765)
Thomas Starke
London Merchant
(1648/49 - 1705)

 

 

 

 

Page 3

 

Table 3: FTDNA Tip Calculations; Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (TMRCA)

The Tip calculations table has collections of Group 4 Members genetically compared to each other to determine the probability they could share a first common ancestor within a given generation. The probabilities presented are for Gens 1 thru 11. To save space, letter number ID Codes have been created for each Member of Group 4. For example, #89006 & #149455 have the ID codes A1 & A2. After the Gen number Column, #89006 and #149455 are compared over 37 STR Markers in the A1/A2 column. The ID codes for each Member can be found in Table 2 and are repeated under the Table 3 Title.

The A1/A2 comparison is a genetic comparison of #89006 to #149455. Both differ from the Group 4 Modal Haplotype at STR Marker #1, both having the allele value 13; that differs from the G4 Modal Haplotype allele value of 14. In Markers 2 thru 37, they are a perfect match to each other. Because they match at STR Marker 1, they match at all of the 37 STR Markers, therefore, being a perfect genetic match to each other. This results in a Genetic Distance of zero. Any two persons who match perfectly at each of the 37 markers will have the same probability values as presented in Gens 1 through 11.

The Table 2 genealogy presented for A1 and A2 indicates their first possible common ancestor was Maj. John Starke [1742-1793] in Gen 6. The genealogy presented for A1 & A2, shows they cannot share a common male ancestor with the surname Starke in Gens 1 thru 5. What would be the probability Maj. John Starke [1742-1793], presented in Gen 6, could be the first possible common ancestor they could share within 7 generations?

Referring to Table 3, there is a 95.73% (Green Background cell in Gen 7) probability they could share a common ancestor within Gen 7, or Major Starke as a common ancestor in Gen 6; having an Orange Background cell with 93.29% struck thru because our premise is they cannot share a common ancestor within Gen 6 or in Gens 1 thru 5, these cells having black backgrounds and their values struck through. Because the Table 2 genealogy reports they cannot share a common ancestor in Gens 1 thru 5, we must come to the logical conclusion there is a 95.73% probability A1 & A2 share Maj. John Starke as a first possible common ancestor based on the genealogy presented in Table 2. This suggests it would be very probable A1 & A2 could share Maj. John Starke as a first common ancestor in Gen 6. However, a word of caution. The above presumes the Table 2 genealogy has been correctly researched to Gen 6. Table 3 simply predicts the probability A1 & A2 could share a first common ancestor in Gen 6 as submitted by the Members.

The columns under  the "Comparisons of Descendants of Thomas Starke [1685-1744]" are FTDNATip comparisons of the 37 STR Markers of C1 to Members A1, A2, A3, B1, and B2. Referring to Table 2, the genealogy presented has C1 as a direct line descendant from Capt. Thomas Starke in Gen 7. Members A1, A2, A3, B1, and B2 are all direct line descendants of Col. John Starke [1715-1799] in Gen 7. Col. Starke and Capt. Starke in Gen 7 are presented as brothers whose Father was Thomas Starke [1685-1744], presented in Gen 8. As presented in Table 2, the 5 descendants of Col. John Starke and the one descendant of Captain Thomas Starke, C1, cannot share a common ancestor in Gens 1 thru 7. Therefore, observe the probabilities presented in Table 3 for Gens 1 thru 7 will values struck through and cells with black backgrounds indicating they are not relevant to the discussion.

As presented in Table 2, Thomas Starke [1685-1744] would be the first common ancestor C1 could have in common with any of the descendants of Col. John Starke (A1, A2, A3, B1, & B2). While there is a probability value for each of these comparisons in Gen 8 (orange background with values struck through), the values would be the probability they could share a common ancestor within Gen 8, which is not possible as presented in Table 2. Gens 9 thru 11 with a green background would be generations in which C1 could share common ancestors with descendants of Col. John Starke. As presented, the following would be the Probabilities C1 could share Thomas Starke [1685-1744] in Gen 8 as a common ancestor within Gen 9; 1) C1/A1 = 92.50%; 2) C1/A2 = 92.50%; 3) C1/A3 = 92.33%; 4) C1/B1 = 92.16%; and 5) C1/B2 = 75.67%.

The reason the probability values differ slightly for the three genetic distances of one is due to each having a mismatch at a different STR Marker. The C1/A1&A2 comparison differs at STR Marker 1; the C1/A3 comparison differs at STR Marker 31; and the C1/B1 comparison differs at STR Marker 22. C1 comparison to B2 has mismatches at STR Markers 13 & 38 resulting in a genetic distance of two and lower probabilities they can share a common ancestor within Gen 9. While 75.67% appears to be seemingly less likely, it is still a reasonable probability C1 and B2 can share a common ancestor within Gen 9.

The columns under "Comparisons of Descendants of Thomas Starke [1616-1689]" are comparisons of the 37 STR Markers of D1 to Members A1, A2, A3, B1, B2, and C1. Referring to Table 2, the genealogy presented has D1 as a direct line descendant from Thomas Starke [1648/9-1705] in Gen 9. Members A1, A2, A3, B1, B2, and C1 are all presented as direct line descendants of John Starke [1644-1695]. Thomas Starke and John Starke are presented as brothers in Gen 9 whose Father could have been Thomas Starke [1616-1684], presented in Gen 10.

For the same reasons presented previously for descendants of Thomas Starke [1685-1744], the Gens 1 thru 9 probabilities for this group of comparisons have the values struck through an cells with a black background; the Gen 10 probabilities have the values struck through and a orange background; and the Gen 11 probabilities have a green background. As presented, the following would be the Probabilities D1 could share Thomas Starke [1616-1684], in Gen 10 as a common ancestor within Gen 11; D1/A1 = 86.34%; D1/A2 = 86.34%; D1/A3 = 86.04%; D1/B1 = 85.72%; D1/B2 = 96.22%; and D1/C1 = 95.50%.

Genetically, the FTDNATip Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (TMRCA) calculations predict there is a probability range of 86.34% to 96.22% all Members of Group 4, each having the surname Stark or Starke, could share a common ancestor within Generation 11. When I analyze TMRCA calculation probabilities, I use the following confidence criteria:

 

1) I have very little confidence probabilities of 50% or lower could share a common ancestor within a specific generation. Not impossible, just not very probable.

2) I have decreasing confidence they share a common ancestor within the generation as they approach 50% from a higher percentage (64% or less), and increasing confidence as the percentages approach 80% (65% or more).

3) At 80% to 90%, I am more confident they could share a common ancestor within the generation, becoming very confident when the percentages exceed 90%.

 

Table 3, genetically, has probabilities within confidence criteria (3), suggesting Members of Group 4 could share a common ancestor within Gen 11. The comparison of C1/B2 falls within an increasing confidence criteria (2), as it approaches 80% from 65%. It now remains to review the genealogies presented in Table 2.

 

Table 3 - Earliest First Common Ancestor Probability Table (TMRCA)
A1(89006); A2(149455); A3(N47628); B1(214378); B2(78032); C1(450526); D1(399368)
    Comparisons of Descendants of Thomas Starke [1685-1744] Comparisons of Descendants of Thomas Starke [1616-1684]
Gen A1/A2
GD=0
C1/A1&A2
GD=1
C1/A3
GD=1
C1/B1
GD=1
C1/B2
GD=2
D1/A1&A2
GD=2
D1/A3
GD=2
D1/B1
GD=2
D1/B2
GD=1
D1/C1
GD=1
1 36.26% 13.07% 12.94% 12.81% 2.40% 2.49% 2.45% 2.40% 12.81% 12.01%
2 59.37% 29.75% 29.51% 29.25% 8.72% 9.00% 8.86% 8.72% 29.25% 27.70%
3 74.10% 45.74% 45.42% 45.09% 18.08% 18.58% 18.34% 18.08% 45.09% 43.07%
4 83.49% 59.34% 59.01% 58.66% 29.03% 29.73% 29.39% 29.03% 58.66% 56.46%
5 89.48% 70.20% 69.88% 69.54% 40.30% 41.14% 40.73% 40.30% 69.54% 67.39%
6 93.29% 78.53% 78.24% 77.93% 50.98% 51,89% 51.45% 50.98% 77.93% 75.97%
7 95.73% 84.72% 84.48% 84.22% 60.56% 61.48% 61.03% 60.56% 84.22% 82/51%
8 97.28% 89.25% 89.04% 88.83% 68.80% 69.68% 69.25% 68.80% 88.83% 87.40%
9 98.26% 92.50% 92.33% 92.16% 75.67% 76.48% 76.08% 75.67% 92.16% 91.00%
10 98.89% 94.80% 94.67% 94.54% 81.26% 81.98% 81.63% 81.26% 94.54% 93.61%
11 99.29% 96.42% 96.32% 92.66% 85.72% 86.34% 86.04% 85.72% 96.22% 95.50%

 

 

Page 4

Genealogical Research and Analysis of Group 4 Members Lineages

Introduction

The Table 2 genealogy submitted by #399368 (D1) places him nine generations removed from the generation of Thomas Stark [1616-1684]. For the purpose of normalizing the generations to 10 in Table 2, I have placed a Hypothetical son of #399368 in Gen 0. We can presume a son of #399368 would most likely have the same Genetic results, for STR mutations between a Father and son are rare. For Member #214378, I have presumed his Father in Gen 0 would have the same genetic results. This normalizes all of the Members Genealogy presented in Table 2 to a genetic evaluation of all Group 4 Members over a 10 generation time span.

When the Group 4 Members genealogy of descendants of Col. John Starke are updated to include Thomas Starke [1685-1744] as his Father, John Starke [1644-1695] as his grandfather, and Thomas Starke [1616-1684] as his great-grandfather, places Thomas as a common ancestor in Gen 10 as presented in Table 2. When the FTDNATip Calculator genetically compares Kit #89006 to #399368, there is a genetic distance of 2 with an 86.34% probability they could share a common ancestor within 11 generations. Kit #78032, when genetically compared to #399368, has a genetic distance of 1 and a probability of 96.22% they could share a common ancestor within 11 generations. I believe it is very likely #399368 genetically shares an earlier common ancestor with the Group 4 Members who descend from Col. John Starke – this common ancestor most likely the Thomas Stark [1616-1684], as presented in Table 2.

The comparison of the #89006 to #149455 results in a perfect match at each STR Marker. However, both mismatch relative to the G4 Modal Haplotype at STR Marker 1 (allele value of 13 vs. value of 14). The genealogy of #149455 has been confirmed to John Wyatt Starke [1796-?1860?]. The Tip Calculations return a probability  of 95.73% they could share Major John Starke [1742-1793] as a common ancestor within Gen 7. Genealogical research has suggested Rev. Joseph Starke and John Wyatt Starke were either brothers or first cousins. They have been presented as cousins in Table 2. In January of 2016, I published an article entitled: "Genetic-Genealogy Analysis; Descendants of Col. John Starke of Hanover County, Virginia." Richard Starke and Sarah Tinsley were most likely the parents of John Wyatt Starke [1796-1860]. Rev. Joseph Starke's Father has been presented in Table 2 as John Starke [1771-1829] who married Elizabeth Sheppard in November of 1798. [Click HERE to see an abstract (PDF file format) of an analysis I prepared in January 2015 entitled: "Genetic-Genealogy Analysis of Descendants of Col. John Starke of Hanover County, Virginia." Click HERE to download the complete Analysis ( 4 Mb PDF file format).]

Col. John Starke married Ann Wyatt. Note #78032 has a son of Col. John Starke named Wyatt Starke and #149455 has a gg-grandfather named Wyatt Starke. October 30, 1686, property was conveyed to a John Starke upon order of the General Court in a suit depending between said Stark and William Wyatt. Following was reported in an issue of the William & Mary Quarterly.

 

Quote

John Starke, merchant, of New Kent County, patented 484 acres in that County (now in King William and King and Queen) on October 30, 1686. The Boundary line began at the said Starke's landing, running thence to Apostequicke Swamp and along the land, formerly Col. Abrahall's to the Mattapony River, &c. The land was formerly granted to Mr. Richard Barnehouse, Sr., deceased, and upon the petition of his sons and heir Richard Barnehouse, Jr., for survey, it was made by Col. John Lewis and George Morris, surveys, in the presence of a jury, May 10, 1673, and the said 484 acres were sold by Mr. Richard Barnehouse, Jr., to Mr. John Starke, and afterwards confirmed to him upon order of the General Court in a suit depending between said Starke and Major William Wyatt, &c.

There is a power of attorney in York County, dated 1713, from Sarah Starke, widow of Thomas Starke, of London, merchant, and Frances Lee, of London, for sale of lands in King William County, formerly New Kent, belonging to John Starke, of London, now on a voyage to the East Indies. John Starke, of Hanover County, and Ann Wyatt were married May 25, 1735. It is probable that all of these people were related, as Hanover had been part of New Kent.

End Quote: [Source: William & Mary Quarterly, Vol. 5, page 256. Contributor: Private

 

My genealogical research has revealed John Starke, merchant, of New Kent County, mentioned in the first paragraph was most likely John Starke [1644-1695] presented in Gen 9 and was most likely a son of Thomas Starke [1616-1689] presented in Table 2. The Thomas Starke, of London, Merchant, mentioned in the second paragraph, was most likely a brother of John Starke [1644-1695] and son of Thomas Starke [1616-1684]; who is presented as Thomas Starke [1648/9-1705] in Gen 9. He married Sarah Newson June 29, 1676 in Pettistree, Suffolk, England; Sarah (Newson) Starke being the above Widow of Thomas. They had a son, John Starke, baptized May 13, 1685, at St. Dunstan in the East, London, England. He married  Martha Empson April 20,1713, in Madras, India. The genetic results for Members of Group 4 do indeed indicate it is very probable all of the persons mentioned in these two paragraphs are related.

The Y-DNA test of a descendant of Thomas Starke [1648/9-1705], closely matches the results for  Group 4 Members who descend from Col. John Starke of Hanover County, Virginia and Capt. Thomas Starke [1725-1785] of Kershaw Co., VA.  The Y-DNA matches and many public records suggests there should be links connecting the two branches of these Starke families; beginning with the identity of their Father, perhaps Thomas Starke (1616-1684), who was baptized at Hornchurch, Essex, England in 1616; or Thomas Starke [1612-1692], resident of Hingham, Norfolk, England.  Regardless, this Father could have had two sons, Thomas [1648/49-1705] and John [1644-1695]. Thomas Starke [1648/9-1705] of London, Merchant, is well documented from his extensive commercial dealings.  This Thomas ran the shipping business from London trading with Virginia.  His brother, John Starke [1644-1695], ran the tobacco plantations in Virginia.  The communication between the London and Virginia branches of this Starke family appears to have been lost when Thomas Starke’s [1648/9-1705] son, John Starke [1685-1765], moved the shipping operation to India in 1713. I believe – genetically and genealogically – they will be reunited as new Members are found that Match the Group 4 Members and the research continues beyond the genealogical analysis to follow.

 

 

Page 5

Thomas Starke [1616-1684], Baptized Hornchurch, Essex, England

The detailed genealogy originally submitted by Members of Group 4 for Thomas reported he was baptized in the year 1616 at St. Dunstan in the East, East London, England.  Ancestry.com has a genealogy database entitled, "England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975." [1] The original data for this database collection comes from  Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013. Group 4 Member Greg Starke [#78032) looked at the St. Dunstan in the East Records to see if there was a record of Birth of a Thomas Starke in 1616. He found there were no references to the surname Starke for St. Dunstan before the marriage of a Thomas Starke to Elizabeth Tanner dated July 9, 1641. Using a Ancestry.com database, I narrowed my search in the Births, Baptisms, and Christenings in England to between the years 1611 to 1621, using the given name Thomas and surname Starke. There were quite a few throughout England over this time span. Several were quite interesting, the following in particular matching the year of birth submitted by a Group 4 Member and the Baptism place being near London. [2]

 

 

Name: Thomas Stark * / Baptism Date: 7 Apr 1616

Baptism Place: Hornchurch, Essex, England

Mother: Ann Stark*

Also found as follows with surname Starkey

Name: Thomas Starkey  / Baptism Date: 1 Apr 1616

Baptism Place: Hornchurch, Essex, England

Mother: Ann Starkey

 

One record index had the surname as Stark and another had the surname Starkey; The original record, presented right, clearly has 7 Apr 1616 as the day of the Baptism. The 1 Apr 1616 Starkey record transcription apparently  interpreted the "7" as a "1." Observe there is an April 2 Baptism before the record for Thomas, and an April 25 record after Thomas' record. I believe the original could be interpreted to spell the surname as "Starke." I then researched the history of Hornchurch, Essex, England and found the following.

 

Quote

Hornchurch is a suburban town in East London, England, and part of the London Borough of Havering. It is located 15.2 miles (24.5 km) east-northeast of Charing Cross and is one of the locally important district centres identified in the London Plan. It comprises a number of shopping streets and a large residential area. It historically formed a large ancient parish in the county of Essex that became the manor and liberty of Havering.

End Quote

 

Then found the following in the St. Dunstan In the East, East London, England records.

 

Quote

St Dunstan-in-the-East was a Church of England Parish Church on St Dunstan's Hill, half way between London Bridge and the Tower of London in the City of London. The church was largely destroyed in the Second World War and the ruins are now a public garden.

End Quote

 

Due to the close proximity of Hornchurch to London, I believe the above Thomas Stark or Starkey could have been the same Thomas Starke born in 1616; just not in St Dunstan in the East; but in Hornchurch, Essex, England at that time. It later became part of East London. He may have been the same Thomas Starke who married Elizabeth Tanner in St. Dunstan in the East, East London, England, July 9, 1641. However, I found no records of baptisms of children born to this couple. The genealogy submitted by Group 4 Members for this Thomas Starke reported he was buried at St. Dunstan in the East in August of 1689. The St. Dunstan records report a Thomas Starke and wife Sarah, baptized a son named Thomas October 14, 1678 at St. Dunstan. There is a later record of the burial of a Thomas Starke at St. Dunstan August 23, 1688.  April 14, 1689, this same couple baptized twins named Thomas Starke and Elizabeth Starke at St. Dunstan and several weeks later, St. Dunston buried persons named Thomas Starke, May 3, 1689, and Elizabeth Starke, May 10, 1689. I believe the Thomas Starke, son of Thomas and Sarah Starke, who was baptized October 14, 1678, was most likely their son, Thomas Starke, buried August 23, 1688. April 14, 1689, Thomas and Sarah then baptized the twins, Thomas and Elizabeth; both of whom died several weeks later and were buried in May of 1689.

 While circumstantial, I believe Thomas Starke who married Elizabeth Tanner could have been the parents of Thomas Starke [1648/9-1705] and John Starke [1644-1695]. The twins named Thomas and Elizabeth could, perhaps, have been named after grandparents with the given names Thomas and Elizabeth. Other than the marriage date, I've found no other reliable documentation for this couple. There is evidence to be presented below, Thomas Starke [1648/9-1705] of London, Merchant, was born in Norfolk in 1648/9 suggesting Thomas Starke and Elizabeth Tanner, if they were his parents, were living in that region after their marriage. [3]

 

Quote

Page 43: James Stone, Administrator of William Hobson, Edward Tatnall and William Davis vs. Anthony Cornwall and Co.; dated 2 December 1691 to 25 April 1692

Page 44: Thomas Starke of St. Dunston in the East, London, where he has lived for 13 years, but born at ?Pront., Norfolk, Merchant, aged 43, Edward Tatwall deceased traded to Virginia for 20 years or more.

End Quote

 

Presuming this Thomas Starke was the same Thomas Starke whose wife was named Sarah, then he moved to St. Dunstan in about the year 1678, the same year their son, Thomas, was born in October of 1678. If Thomas, a London Merchant, was 43 years of age in 1691; then he was born in Norfolk in about the year 1648/9. There is a record of burial of an Elizabeth Starke in Geldeston, Norfolk, England, February 14, 1662/3, that may have been Elizabeth Tanner. Another record can be found of a gentleman named "Stark" (no given name with this record) who died March 24, 1684, in Barnham, Broome, Norfolk. Geldeston is a parish and village in Norfolk. Broome is a nearby village, located about 1 mile to the west. That these were the parents of the brothers, Thomas Starke of London, Merchant, and John Starke, Merchant of New Kent Co., VA, can only be regarded as circumstantial without more positive proof. [4] There is no proof Thomas Starke and Elizabeth Tanner had sons named Thomas Starke and John Starke. They are primarily included in this publication as Parents of Thomas Starke, new London Merchant, and John Starke, Merchant of New Kent Co., VA, based on the places and years submitted by the Group 4 Members. However, my research in Norfolk, England, using research provided by Group 4 Member John Starke (#89006), revealing another possible new Project Member candidate to be Y-DNA tested, submitted ancestry back to Hingham, Norfolk, England, in the 1600s. The earliest ancestor of this possible New Project Member was Thomas Starke [1615-1692], resident of Hingham, Norfolk, England. This Thomas Starke [1615-1692] had a son named James Starke [1647-1688], who was also a resident of Hingham.

 

Thomas Starke [1612-1692], Resident of Hingham, Norfolk, England

Based on the above cited record, Thomas Starke [1648/9-1705], Merchant of London, was born in Norfolk in 1648/9. Group 4 Member Greg Starke (#78032) did some Baptism searches in Norfolk, England, looking for possible Starke men who might fit the genealogy presented in Table 2. He found this Baptism Record for Hingham, Norfolk, England: "Name: John Starke / Baptism Date: 7 Feb 1640 / Baptism Place: Hingham, Norfolk, England / Father: Tho Starke / Mother: Marye (Probably Mary Starke)." [5] Hingham is located 14 miles southwest of Norwich, Norfolk, England. The given names John and Thomas Starke would certainly fit, and while this John Starke was born in 1640, it would be within the realm of possibility he was John Starke [1644-1695], New Kent Co., VA, Merchant.

From the Hingham Records, there were four Starke males baptized in Hingham that were most likely sons of Thomas Starke who was the Father of John Starke, baptized 7 Feb 1640. All four are presented below starting with John Starke.

 

1. Name: John Starke / Baptism Date: 7 Feb 1640 / Baptism Place: Hingham, Norfolk, England / Father: Tho Starke / Mother: Marye / FHL Film #1526135 / Reference ID #44

2. Name: Timothy Starke / Baptism Date: 3 Jan 1646 / Baptism Place: Hingham, Norfolk, England / Father: Tho Starke / FHL Film #: 1526135 / Reference ID #48

3. Name: James Starke / Baptism Date: 5 Nov 1648 / Baptism Place: Hingham, Norfolk, England /  Father: Tho Starke / FHL Film #: 1526135 / Reference ID #50

4. Name: Thomas Stark / Baptism Date: 7 Mar 1756 / Baptism Place: Hingham, Norfolk, England / Father: Thomas Stark / FHL Film #: 1526135

 

The baptism year of John Starke was 1640, this being 4 years earlier than the 1644 birth year submitted for John Starke [1644-1695]. However, we certainly cannot rule out this John Starke, baptized in 1640, could have been John Starke, New Kent Co., VA, merchant. My reasoning is the above document recording his brother, Thomas Starke, Merchant of London, was born in Norfolk, suggests John could also have been born in Norfolk, England, especially if he was older than Thomas. Thomas Starke, Baptized 7 Mar 1756, was born about 7 to 8 years later than 1648/9, the probable year of birth of Thomas, Merchant of London, recorded in the above cited publication. While a bit younger than expected, this Thomas would have been about 20 years of age when he married Sarah Newson 29 Jun 1676, and 22 years of age when their first child, Thomas [1678-1688] was born 14 Oct 1678. Because there are no other Starke males mentioned in Hingham within the time span 1640 to 1656, I believe these four men were sons of Thomas Starke and Mary Starke mentioned in the 1640 baptism record of John.

James Starke was born 5 Nov 1648 in Hingham, near the 1647 year of birth of the James Starke reported by the above possible New Project Member. I found a record reporting James Starke died in Hingham in 1688, which was the same year of death submitted by the possible New Project Member. There was another record of baptism in Hingham that connects James to this possible New Project Member: "Name: Stephen Stark / Baptism Date: 6 Jan 1686 / Baptism Place: Hingham, Norfolk, England / Father: James Stark / Mother: Dorothy Stark / FHL Film Number: 1526135." The lineage submitted by the possible New Project Member, recorded a son of James named Stephen, born in 1688 and died in 1758 in Southburgh, Norfolk, England. This suggests the possible new Project Member is most likely a descendant of the Hingham, Norfolk, England Starke family described above. If his Y-DNA were to match the Members of Group 4, we may have confirmed the Thomas Starke of Hingham was a Father of Thomas Starke, merchant of London, and John Starke, merchant of New Kent Co., VA.

A burial record from Hingham records a Thomas Stark  Burial Date on 28 Oct 1692 [FHL Film Number: 1526135]. This was most likely the Father of the four sons above who were baptized in Hingham. A record from the Smallburgh, Norfolk, England records a Thomas Starkie was baptized  21 Jun 1612, the son of John Starkie and wife, Kathrin Starkie. Smallburgh is located 14 miles northeast of Norwich, Norfolk, England, or 28 miles from Hingham, located 14 miles southwest of Norwich. Presuming this Thomas Starkie and Thomas Starke of Hingham are the same person, it's possible he was born in 1612 and died in 1692.

While the following will, I believe, offer creditable evidence Thomas Stark [1648/9-1705] and John Starke [1644-1695] were brothers, I believe the evidence naming their Father is, at the moment, circumstantial. However, I do believe the above two persons discussed are candidates to consider may have been their Father, but need more specific evidence, either Genetic or Genealogically, for confirmation.

 

Notes & Sources

1) Source: Ancestry.com. England, Select Marriages, 1538–1973 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014.

2) Source: Ancestry.com. England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Original data: England, Births and Christenings, 1538-1975. Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013. FHL Film Number: 571181

3) Source: Ancestry.com. English Adventurers and Emigrants, 1661-1733 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Coldham, Peter Wilson. English Adventurers and Emigrants, 1661-1733. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1985. Quote transcribed from Pages 43 & 44.

4) Source of burial of Elizabeth Starke, Geldeston, Norfolk, England: Ancestry.com. England, Select Norfolk Church of England Parish Registers, 1538-1900 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Original data: England, Norfolk, Parish Registers (County Record Office), 1538-1900. Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013

5) Family History Library Film #1526135, Reference ID #44.

 

 

Page 6

 

Thomas Starke of London, Merchant

The 1985 publication, "English Adventures and Emigrants 1661-1733," by Peter Wilson Coldham, provides us with evidence Thomas Starke of London, Merchant, was born in Norfolk, England, in about 1648/9. This publication has abstracts of Cases of Examinations by the High Court of Admiralty with references to Colonial America. Reported in this publication, on Pages 43 and 44, was an abstract of a case brought before the High Court of the Admiralty and argued before that court from December of 1691 to April of 1692. It reports the most likely year Thomas Starke moved to St Dunstan was 1678/9. It also provides us with the probable year of his birth in 1648/9 in a place named ?Pront., Norfolk, England. [1] 

From the Introduction: "There is a power of attorney in York County, dated 1713, from Sarah Starke, widow of Thomas Starke, of London, merchant, and Frances Lee, of London, for sale of lands in King William County, formerly New Kent, belonging to John Starke, of London, now on a voyage to the East Indies."  Below right is a transcription of a Will made by a Thomas Starke of London, merchant, dated March 22, 1704. Could this Thomas Starke be the same Thomas Starke referenced in this 1713 document?

In 1713, Sarah Starke was a widow. There is a marriage of Thomas Starke to Sarah Newson recorded as having occurred in Pettistree, Suffolk, England. [2]

 

Name: Thomas Starke / Gender: Male / Marriage Date: 29 Jun 1676

Marriage Place: Pettistree, Suffolk, England

Spouse: Sara Newson / FHL Film Number: 919626

 

Pettistree is located about 30 miles southeast of Hingham, Norfolk, England, mentioned as a possible birthplace of Thomas in Page 5, but not confirmed at this time. Recorded in the Baptism Records of  Saint Dunstan In The East, London, London, England, are sons named Thomas Starke, baptized 14 Oct 1678 and John Starke, baptized May 13, 1685 at St. Dunstan. Both records name the parents as Thomas Starke and Sarah Starke. [3] The birth of Thomas in 1678 would be just about the year Thomas Starke, London Merchant, moved to Saint Dunstan.

 

Name: Thomas Starke / Gender: Male / Baptism Date: 14 Oct 1678

Baptism Place: Saint Dunstan IN The East, London, London, England

Father: Thomas Starke / Mother: Sarah

FHL Film Number: 845247

============================

Name: John Starke / Gender: Male / Baptism Date: 13 May 1685

Baptism Place: Saint Dunstan In The East, London, London, England

Father: Thomas Starke / Mother: Sarah

FHL Film Number: 845247

 

 

Their son, Thomas, was buried at Saint Dunstan 23 Aug 1688. Other Baptisms at St. Dunstan of children of this couple were: 1) Sarah, Baptism Date: 20 Jun 1680; 2) Martha, Baptism Date: 1 Jun 1684; 3) Frances, Baptism Date: 17 Sep 1686; 4) Thomas and Elizabeth (Twins), Baptism, April 14, 1689 (Burials, Thomas, May 3, 1689; Elizabeth, May 10, 1689); 5) Frances, 2nd Baptism Date: 22 Nov 1691; 6) Elizabeth Starke, Baptism Date: 6 Mar 1695. [3][4]

Thomas Starke was buried at St. Dunstan March 3, 1705, almost 1 year after his Will was made and dated 22 March 1704. His Will was probated March 4, 1706; giving his only surviving son, John Starke, five plantations in Virginia. John was most likely the same John Starke baptized May 13, 1685. Wife named in the Will was Sarah (Newson) Starke. Daughters named in the Will were Martha Starke, Frances Starke, and Elizabeth Starke; given names of three daughters of Thomas and Sarah Starke baptized at St. Dunstan in the East, London. No son named Thomas was mentioned in this Will; suggesting the Thomas Starke buried August 23, 1688 at St Dunstan was the son of Thomas and Sarah baptized October 14, 1678.

There is additional evidence John Starke [1685-1765], son of Thomas and Sarah Newson, was living in London between January 6 to February 22, 1705/6, an abstract of the document presented, right. [5] This document was a case of Edmund Farrow vs. The Merchants' Adventure, a ship owned by John Starke of the City of London, merchant aged 20, and other owners of the ship which included Thomas Starke, Father of John. From John's baptism date, one would expect him to be about 20 years of age as stated in the case transcription. Based on the evidence presented earlier and above, it is unlikely Col. John Starke of Hanover County, Virginia, is a direct line descendant of Thomas Starke [1648/9-1705] as found in several Genealogical Files I've reviewed on Ancestry.com.

I believe we can say with confidence, Thomas Starke of London, merchant, who was buried at St Dunstan in the East, London, March 3, 1705 was the same Thomas Starke, of London, merchant, deceased, mentioned in the 1713 York County, Virginia document allowing the sale of lands in King William County, formerly New Kent, inherited by John Starke in 1705.

The following was published by Historian Brian Bouchard in 2010.  [6]

 

Quote

John Starke's father, Thomas, had been a tobacco trader with Virginia and Maryland who also engaged in the slave trade. Thomas Starke died in February 1705/6 leaving most of his substantial estate to his only surviving son, John, [Baptised at St Dunstans in the East 13 May 1685]. Legal disputes arose which dragged on for years. Having returned from Chesapeake, John Starke embarked on a voyage to the "East Indies": he married Martha Empson at Fort St George, Madras, 20 April 1713. Their son who was baptized Richard, at Madras 6 July 1720, became a civil servant in India from 1735: sometime Upper-Searcher in Cuddalore Customs House, he was appointed Deputy Governor of Port St. George for a short period in 1752, and thereafter Deputy Governor of Fort St. David until 1756 when he resigned on account of his supercession by Robert Clive (the famous 'Clive of India'). In the following year he came home accompanied by his brother, John, who had also been in the East India Company service.

End Quote

 

This publication, I believe, provides the connection of Richard Starke who married Martha Empson to John Starke and his Grandparents, Thomas and Sarah (Newson) Starke. From the Genealogy submitted by Kit #399368, the above provides genealogical confirmation Richard Starke is a descendant of Thomas Starke [1648/49-1705] and Sarah (Newson) Starke. The genetic results confirms #399368 is related to the descendants of Col. John Starke of Hanover County, VA, and one descendant of his brothers, Thomas Starke, of Fairfield County, SC.

 

Notes & Sources

1. Source: Ancestry.com. English Adventurers and Emigrants, 1661-1733 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Coldham, Peter Wilson. English Adventurers and Emigrants, 1661-1733. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1985. Quote transcribed from Pages 43 & 44. Page 43: "James Stone, Administrator of William Hobson, Edward Tatnall and William Davis vs. Anthony Cornwall and Co.; dated 2 December 1691 to 25 April 1692." Page 44: "Thomas Starke of St. Dunston in the East, London, where he has lived for 13 years, but born at ?Pront., Norfolk, Merchant, aged 43, Edward Tatwall deceased traded to Virginia for 20 years or more."

2. Source: Ancestry.com. England, Select Marriages, 1538–1973 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Original data: England, Marriages, 1538–1973. Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013.

3. Source: Ancestry.com. England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 201. Original data: England, Births and Christenings, 1538-1975. Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013

4. Source: Ancestry.com. London, England, Extracted Church of England Parish Records [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2001. Original data: Electronic databases created from various publications of parish and probate records.

5. Source: Ancestry.com. English Adventurers and Emigrants, 1661-1733 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Coldham, Peter Wilson. English Adventurers and Emigrants, 1661-1733. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1985. Page 110 of publication.

6. Historian Brian Bouchard © 2010; "Epsom and Ewell History - Hylands House;" Member of Leatherhead and District Local History Society. Find this Quote at URL: http://epsomandewellhistoryexplorer.org.uk/HylandsHouse.html

 

Page 7

John Stark 1644-1695], New Kent, Virginia, Merchant

The earliest record that I've found relative to a John Starke in New Kent County, Virginia, would be the following purchase of 486 acres.

 

Quote [Source:"Cavaliers and Pioneers," Vol. II, by Nell Marion Nugent. Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1666-1695. Copyright 1934]

Mr. John Starke merchant, 484 acres New Kent Co, St. Stephens Parish, Oct. 30, 1686. Beginning by his landing; to Apostequick Swamp adjoining land formerly Col. Abrahalls to Mattopony River. 200 acres granted to Richard Barnhouse Sr. deceased and upon petition of his son and heir, Richard Barnhouse, obtained order to survey the same, which was effected by Col. John Lewis and George Morris, Surveyor, May 10, 1673; which he sold to said Starke, to whom it was confirmed by order in a suit between said Starke and Major William Wyatt. 264 acres for transfer of 6 persons.

End Quote

 

Other Land records for New Kent County are acreage granted to neighbors of John Starke from October 4, 1687 to April 28, 1691.

 

Quote: "Virginia Colonial Abstracts" Vol. 6, p 33 ---- King and Queen Co VA Records Oct. 4, 1687. John Walker patent for 560 acres in New Kent Co on north side Mattapony River bounded by Lt. Col. Thomas Walker's corner belonging to Mr. John
Starke in a meadow called Jones his meadow - John Adkins - Wm and Thomas Camp Sylvester Alsworth - Robert Spencer - Tornocoreoon Swamp. End Quote

Quote: "Virginia Colonial Abstracts" Vol. 6, p 33 ---- King and Queen Co VA Records Oct. 20, 1688. Robert Jones of New Kent Co St. Stephens Parish, 455 acres north side Mattapony River. 250 acres part
granted him Apr. 23, 1681. 205 acres on Weesockan Bridge adjoining Col. Robert Abrahall, Mr. Tho. Seawell Sr. and Mr.
John Starke.  End Quote

Quote: "Virginia Colonial Abstracts" Vol. 6, p 34-—King and Queen Co VA Records Grant to St. Stephens Parish New Kent Co., 312 acres for a Gleab being part of a patent granted John Maddison, John Pigg and Richard Evans in 1661 - beginning in
sight of Mr. John Starke's plantation being a corner tree of the dividing line between the land of said Starke and the Gleab - Quintanockock Swamp - Wm Watt's land - Col. Abrahall's line. Apr. 28, 1691. End Quote: The word "Gleab," was most likely intended to be Glebe, an area of land within an ecclesiastical parish ( in this document, St. Stephens Parish) used to support a parish priest. In the Roman Catholic and Anglican church traditions, a glebe is land belonging to a benefice and so by default to its incumbent.

 

Starke researcher Diane Sanfilippo found an June 1, 1695 abstract recording the transfer of management of a 100 acre estate:

 

Quote:

On  1 June 1695, John Starke conv. to William Hinson, Bradburn's Delight, 100 acres where his dec. (deceased) father, John Starke, lived last and d. (died).

End Quote.

 

This Father of John Starke, deceased by June 1, 1695, was most likely our subject of this discussion, John Starke [1644-1695]. However, many genealogist believe a 1704 Quit Rent Roll document for King William Co., VA, reporting a John Starke paid for 500 acres was John Starke [1644-1795]. Following describes the Colonial Quit Rent paid annually to the King by property owners.

 

Quote

During the colonial period all land owners in Virginia paid to the King an annual "quit rent" of one shilling for every fifty acres. The list of the land owners and the amount each owned was prepared by the sheriffs of the various counties and delivered to the Receiver-General, who collected the quit rents and transmitted the lists, with his accounts, to the English government. It is singular that, as lists must have been sent annually, only one, that of 1704, has been discovered. The Library of Congress had a copy made of the original in the British Public Record Office.

End Quote: [Source: Virginia Magazine of History and Biography; Vol. XXVIII; July, 1920 No. S entitled "Virginia Quit Rent Rolls, 1704]

 

 As mentioned above, in the 1704 Quit Rent Roll of King William Co., VA, a John Starke paid 10 shillings for 500 acres of land. Since King and Queen and King William Co VA records are largely gone, many researchers presumed John Starke, Merchant of New Kent, died sometime after 1704. However, it is more likely the John Starke, deceased by June 1, 1695, who lived and died on the 100 acre plantation named, Bradburns Delight, was John Starke, merchant of New Kent, the subject of our discussion on this page. From this June 1, 1695 document, we now know he had a son named John Starke, living in Virginia in 1695, who had to be over 21 years of age to transfer management of this property to William Hinson. Therefore, he was most likely born before 1674, his birth most likely in England, where his Father was living before the purchase of 484 acres in New Kent Co., VA October 30, 1686. It is very likely this John Starke, son of John Starke, Merchant of New Kent, paid the 1704 Quit Rent.

The land purchased by John Starke [1644-1695] was on the Mattaponi River which was the dividing line between King and Queen and King William Co., VA. He was most likely the contemporary of and probably related to Thomas Starke, merchant of London, who had land in the same areas of VA in the same time period. Thomas was also recorded on the 1704 Quit Claim Rolls of King and Queen Co., VA: "Thomas Starke of London which is not paid for 920 acres." In the King William Co., VA records, Book 1, Page 416 is this 1703 record: "Thomas Starke of London, merchant, appoints Col. Edward Hill his attorney for business done by Christopher Smith, merchant of London, for said Starke in VA."

 While I've found no records of description of the "Five Plantations" Thomas Starke Willed to his son John in 1705, it would seem reasonable they were within or near the boundaries of King & Queen County and King William County. I believe Thomas Starke of London and John Starke of New Kent County, Virginia were related and most likely brothers. However, at this time, I have found no reliable English records to confirm. although several could be circumstantial. However, when the genetic results of a descendant of Thomas Starke through his son John Starke [1685-1764], are compared to descendants of Col. John Starke of Hanover County, Virginia, and a descendant of Thomas Starke of Fairfield County, South Carolina; there is genetic confirmation they could share a common ancestor who was the Father of Thomas Starke, merchant of London, and John Starke, Merchant of New Kent County, Virginia, if they were brothers. Can a connection be found in the Virginia Records in the 1700s?

 

 

Page 8

 

Thomas Starke [1685-1744]

The January 14, 1711 Essex County Will of Major James Boughan gives 210 acres in King William County, VA, to his daughter, Francey Starke, wife of John Starke. He also gives their son, Thomas Starke, a colt.

 

Abstract Quote [Source:  Essex County, Virginia Wills]

 Robert Coleman of Essex Co was called to the home of Major James Bougham. Bougham had made a will before and wished to change it as follows. To Francey Starke, wife of John Starke, tract of land in King William Co. 210 acres by the land of Henry Kirby, Grandson Thomas Starke a colt. Daughter Elizabeth Hofnor, son John Bougham, brother Henry Bougham, grandson James Bougham son of James, Susanna Jones, grandson John son of James.

End Quote

 

One might come to the conclusion Thomas Starke who received a colt from his Grandfather Boughan might be the Thomas Starke [1685-1744] presented in the above summary Genealogy. However, if Thomas received a colt from his grandfather, one must consider this Thomas was a child, perhaps 5 or 6 years of age — most likely born in about 1705/6. The John Starke married to Francey (Boughan) Starke could certainly be considered to be a son of John Starke, Merchant of New Kent County, Virginia, who obtained land in New Kent in 1686. In Colonial Virginia, one had to be 21 years of age to obtain acreage, suggesting John Starke, merchant of New Kent, was born before 1665, most likely in England. If he was a brother of Thomas Starke, London Merchant, his place of birth may have been Norfolk, England, but this is not known with certainty.

Reviewing the 1985 publication by Mary Kathyrn Harris & Mary Iva Jean Jorgensen entitled, "James Starke of Stafford County, Virginia; and his Descendants," I found, in Volume 3, beginning on Page 1277, "Chapter 1: John1 Starke of King William County, Virginia." Harris and Jorgenson (here after referred to H & J) presented on Page 1278 the following Will of a Thomas Starke dated January 28, 1742.

 

Quote: Source: Essex Co VA Will Bk 6, p 428 ---- Will of Thomas Starke ---- Will made Jan. 28, 1742.]

God-dau Sarah Starke, my uncle's daughter. Cousin William Starke. Cousin Thomas Starke, son of John Starke .grandson to my uncle. Sister Mary Sayton/Layton. Brother Thomas Lay. Godsons John Rowzee, Stark Bowlare, John Wortham, Wm Elliott, Goddaughter Sukey Bougham dau of Augustine. Goddaughter's children of Daniel Burford. Goddaughter dau of John Ford. Also bequests to Capt. John Rowzee, Mrs. Rowzee wife of Capt. John Rowzee, Mrs. Elizabeth Brooks widow, Mrs.
Ann Pratt, Mrs. Ann Ross, Lorory Ross so of Robert Ross Clark, Mary Stokes, Margaret Hronth(?), and cousin Augustine Bougham. Excutor: Capt John Rowzee.

End Quote

 

Who was "Uncle Starke?" H & J found additional Essex County, Virginia documents related to the Estate of Thomas Starke, son of John Starke and Frances Boughan.

 

H & J Notes Quotes:

Page 1279: There were 2 sales to settle this estate, one in Essex Co and one in King William Co VA. Thomas Stark, Uncle to the deceased, bought livestock, corn, etc. at the sale in King William Co. Also the estate owed money to "Uncle Tom Stark." 

Page 1280: The Will of Thomas Starke, proves his Father, John (who married Frances Boughan), had a brother, and the estate records prove that the Uncle's name was Thomas. The Will also proves that Thomas had 3 cousins — William, Sarah, and John. Records concerning these Starke men appear in numerous King and Queen and King William Counties documents. They must have either had land in both counties or had land that crossed the county boundaries. Three other Wills add additional information concerning the Starkes who lived in the King William Co VA area.

End Quote

 

The January 14. 1711 Essex County Will of Major James Boughan provides the following genealogical information.

 

1. Francey Starke was the wife of John Starke and inherited 210 acres in King William County.

2. The Grandson of James Boughan, Thomas Starke, inherited a colt from his grandfather.

3. Because the Will doesn't refer to any other persons with the surname Starke, we must conclude the grandson of James Boughan, Thomas Starke, was a son of John and Francey Starke.

4. From (3), we must conclude Francey Starke was a daughter of James Boughan and had the maiden surname Boughan.

5. Thomas Starke was most likely quite young when this Will was made, most likely 5 or 6 years of age or less suggesting he was born in about 1705/6.

6. John Starke was most likely over the age of 21, placing his probable birth year at before 1690. However, genealogy files reporting Frances Boughan indicate she was born in about 1680 in Rappahannock County, VA, which suggests John could have been born even earlier than 1690. If Thomas was 5 or 6 years of age in 1711, this would also suggest his Father, John Starke, was born even earlier, perhaps before 1684 or even before 1680.

 

 At this time, I have no information relative to the death date of John Starke who married Frances Boughan. Genealogist report Frances later married a gentleman with the given name Augustine and the possible surnames Lay, Ley, or Lee.   The January 28, 1742 Essex County Will of a Thomas Starke and the two sales to settle his estate in Essex and King William Counties provide the following genealogical information.

 

1. Thomas Starke names a Sister, Mary Sayton/Layton, and Brother, Thomas Lay. He names a Goddaughter, Sukey Boughan, who was a daughter of Augustine (?Boughan?). His sister Mary Sayton and Brother Thomas Lay were most likely his half-siblings with the surname Lay who were children of his Mother, Frances (Boughan) Starke/Lay and second husband, Augustine Lay. Other names suggest this Thomas Starke, whose Will was made January 28, 1742, was a son of John Starke and Francey Starke, the same Thomas Starke who received a colt from his grandfather, James Boughan, in 1711.

2. The Will mentions — Goddaughter Sarah Starke, my Uncle's daughter.  If Sarah Starke was a daughter of the Uncle of Thomas, then I would presume his Uncle's surname was Starke. If his Uncle's surname was Starke, then I would presume he was a brother of John Starke who married Frances Boughan. The sales to settle the Estate mention — Thomas Starke, Uncle of the deceased — and that the estate owed money to "Uncle Tom Starke."

3. Thomas named a cousin, William Starke and named another cousin, Thomas Starke, son of John Starke, grandson of my Uncle. This suggests Uncle Tom Starke had two grandsons named William Starke and Thomas Starke, both sons of John Starke who was a son of Uncle Thomas Starke.

4. Based on (1), (2), & (3), we can conclude, John Starke [bef. 1684 - ????], who married  Francey Boughan, had an only child named Thomas Starke [abt 1705 - 1742]. John's brother was Uncle Thomas Starke, who may have been younger than John. The January 28, 1742 Will of Thomas Starke lists no children—  suggesting — he had no living children in 1742 and this genealogical branch ended with Thomas Starke [abt. 1705/6-1742].

5. Based on the above, we can conclude Uncle Thomas Starke had a daughter named Sarah Stark, a son named John Starke, a son named William Starke, a grandson named Thomas Starke, who was the son of John Starke, another son of Uncle Thomas Starke.

 

H & J came to the following conclusions based on the evidence they presented on Pages1279, 1280, and 1281( presented below).

 

Quote

Page 1281: The Will of Thomas Stark [abt. 1705/6-1742] of Essex Co (Father was John Starke who married Frances Boughan) lists cousin John Starke who had son Thomas. This John and his son, Thomas, both lived in Louisa Co., VA, in the 1740s. This John Starke, born 1717 in King William Co., VA, according to DAR records, had a son Thomas born July 7, 1740 and would have been about age 2 at the time he was mentioned in 1742 in the Will of Thomas Starke of Essex Co. John Starke, born in 1717, married Anne Wyatt, daughter of Capt. John Wyatt, who was born 1684. The father of Capt. John Wyatt is not identified, but a Major 'William Wyatt" had land adjoining the patent of the first John Starke in the 1680's. The name Wyatt comes down in the descendant family of John Starke who married Anne Wyatt and also in the family of his brother, Thomas Starke of Kershaw Co., SC. This Thomas Starke had a grandson named Wyatt W. Starke. Lucy Starke, granddaughter of John Starke and Anne Wyatt, married Douglas' Starke, son of Thomas Starke of Kershaw Co SC. All of the above records tie together the 7 Starkes listed as children of Thomas Starke of King and Queen Co VA. One other Starke man is not identified. A Burwell Starke attended the 1767-70 School of Donald Robinson in King and Queen Co VA. Also "Virginia Magazine of History and Biography" Vol. 25, p 291 shows a Burwell Starke as guardian of Caroline Lewis in 1801 in King William Co VA. One of the daughters of Constantine and Frankey (Starke) Smith was Elizabeth Lewis, and this Caroline Lewis may have been part of her family. The only other Burwell Starke found in this Starke family is Burwell, great-grandson of John Starke and Anne Wyatt. This earlier Burwell Starke may have been a son of William Starke (son of Uncle Thomas Starke) who apparently was living in King and Queen Co VA in the 1760's and early 1770's.

End Quote

 

H & J provide considerable genealogical evidence on the pages cited.  Genetically, when the descendant of Thomas Starke, merchant of London, is compared to the descendants of Col. John Starke [171-1799] of Hanover Co., VA and the descendant of his brother, Thomas Starke [bef. 1725-abt 1784] of Kershaw Co., SC, there is a 86.04% to 96.22% probability range they could share a common ancestor who was the Father of Uncle Thomas Starke and his brother John Starke [bef. 1684-????]. Who was their Father? While the above Thomas Starke [1616-1684], introduced on Page 5 above, has been presented as their Father, I believe the evidence of his identity, at this time, is still circumstantial and requires more research. This concludes the Genealogical research for this group relative to the Genetic results.

 

 

Page 9

 

Group 4 Members Detailed Lineages

 

 

Thomas Starke

b. 04/07/1616 (Baptized Hornchurch, Essex, England)

d. Abt 1684 (Perhaps in Norfolk, England)

m. Elizabeth Tanner / 07/09/1641 / St Dunstan in the East, East London, England

John Starke

b. 1644 (Perhaps Norfolk, England)

d. 1695 (King William County, Virginia)

m. Unknown

Thomas Starke

b. 1685 (King & Queen County, Virginia)

d. 1744 (King William County, Virginia)

 m. Unknown

Col. John Starke

b. 1715 (Virginia)

d. Nov 1799 (Hanover County, Virginia)

m. Ann Wyatt / 05/25/1735 / Hanover Co., VA

Maj. John Starke

b. 04/27/1742 (Louisa County, Virginia)

d. 1793-1794 (Hanover County, Virginia)

m. Elizabeth Wyatt / Bef. 1768 / Prob. Hanover Co., VA)

Capt. John Starke

b. abt. 1771 (Hanover County, Virginia)

d. 01/09/1829 (Hanover County, Virginia)

m. Elizabeth Sheppard / 11/07/1798 / Henrico Co., VA

Rev. Joseph Starke

b. 12/21/1798 (Hanover County, Virginia)

d. 07/25/1853 (Hanover Co., VA)

m. Martissa Unknown / ???? / ????

Comment: Martissa referred to as cousin of Joseph. May have been Starke Cousin or Cousin from a maternal side of the families.

John Kerr Starke

b. 04/21/1834 (Hanover County, Virginia; Liberty Hall Planation)

d. 04/02/1891 (Hanover County, Virginia)

m. Charlotte Hogan / bef. 1858 / Prob. Hanover Co., VA

John William Starke

b. 1864 (Hanover County, Virginia; Liberty Hall Planation)

d. 1916 (Richmond, Virginia)

m. Annie Meanly / abt. 1900 / ????

Father

Private

Starke

#89006 (A1)

Private

Comments by Clovis La Fleur: 01/22/2015

See Comments for #399368 for connection to Thomas Starke [1616-1689]

Click HERE to review one page Abstract of Genetic-Genealogy analysis of Descendants of Colonel John Starke [1715-1799]. Click HERE to review complete 31 page analysis.

Short Version of Abstract

The genetic results presented in this document will prove the descendants of Thomas L. Starke (#149455) and Rev. Joseph Starke (#89006) are genetically related to three other Members of the Project; proven, genealogically, to be descendants of Colonel John Starke [1715-1799]. When genetically compared to any other Members of family groups identified by the Project administrators — they could not have shared a common male ancestor named Starke with any of these families who came to America, lived in America, or even had lived earlier in Great Britain.

I researched the 1850 and 1860 census records and found a John Starke and J. W. Starke who, in my opinion, were the best candidates to be John Wyatt Starke (Senior). There was a Sarah Starke, age 82, head of the house in 1850, with a son named John Starke living in her home. Researching her origins, I was directed to review an 1846 Revolutionary War Pension Application that named Richard Starke as her spouse and three children named John W. Starke, Joseph Starke, and Richard Starke (Junior). On the basis of additional research, I have concluded Richard Starke and Sarah (Tinsley) Starke were the parents of John Wyatt Starke (Senior).

The identity of the Father of Rev. Joseph Starke was inconclusive; but did narrow the field to either Richard Starke [1765-1832] or John Starke [1771-1829]; both proven sons of Major John Starke and grandsons of Colonel John Starke [1715-1799]. Genetically, it is certain, I believe, that John Wyatt Starke [1796-1860] and Rev. Joseph Starke were either brothers or first cousins. I hope the genetic-genealogy analysis that follows will be useful in your research of your Hanover County, Virginia, Starke ancestors and you will review my genealogical interpretations with an open mind.

Thomas Starke

b. 04/07/1616 (Baptized Hornchurch, Essex, England)

d. Abt 1684 (Perhaps in Norfolk, England)

m. Elizabeth Tanner / 07/09/1641 / St Dunstan in the East, East London, England

John Starke

b. 1644 (Baptized St. Dunston, East London, England)

d. 1695 (King William County, Virginia)

m. Unknown

Thomas Starke

b. 1685 (King & Queen County, Virginia)

d. 1744 (King William County, Virginia)

 m. Unknown

Col. John Starke

b. 1715 (Virginia)

d. Nov 1799 (Hanover County, Virginia)

m. Ann Wyatt / 05/25/1735 / Hanover Co., VA

Maj. John Starke

b. 04/27/1742 (Louisa County, Virginia)

d. 1793-1794 (Hanover County, Virginia)

m. Elizabeth Wyatt / Bef. 1768 / Prob. Hanover Co., VA)

Richard Starke

b. abt 1765 (Hanover County, Virginia)

d. 1832 (Henrico County, Virginia)

m. Sarah Tinsley / 1791 / Hanover Co., VA

John Wyatt Starke

b. 02/15/1796 (Hanover County, Virginia)

d. aft. 1860 (Hanover County, Virginia)

m. Unknown

Thomas L. Starke

b. 05/18/1824 (Hanover County, Virginia)

d. 01/27/1879 (Chesterfield County, Virginia)

m. Elizabeth Stansfield / 10/05/1846 / Richmond, VA

William Edger Starke

b. 03/31/1856 (Chesterfield County, Virginia)

d. 06/21/1932 (Prince George Co., VA

m. Hestor Webb / abt. 1895 / ????

Father

Private

Starke

#149455 (A2)

Private

Comments by Clovis La Fleur: 01/22/2015

See Comments for #399368 for connection to Thomas Starke [1616-1689]

Click HERE to review one page Abstract of Genetic-Genealogy analysis of Descendants of Colonel John Starke [1715-1799]. Click HERE to review complete 31 page analysis.

Short Version of Abstract

The genetic results presented in this document will prove the descendants of Thomas L. Starke (#149455) and Rev. Joseph Starke (#89006) are genetically related to three other Members of the Project; proven, genealogically, to be descendants of Colonel John Starke [1715-1799]. When genetically compared to any other Members of family groups identified by the Project administrators — they could not have shared a common male ancestor named Starke with any of these families who came to America, lived in America, or even had lived earlier in Great Britain.

I researched the 1850 and 1860 census records and found a John Starke and J. W. Starke who, in my opinion, were the best candidates to be John Wyatt Starke (Senior). There was a Sarah Starke, age 82, head of the house in 1850, with a son named John Starke living in her home. Researching her origins, I was directed to review an 1846 Revolutionary War Pension Application that named Richard Starke as her spouse and three children named John W. Starke, Joseph Starke, and Richard Starke (Junior). On the basis of additional research, I have concluded Richard Starke and Sarah (Tinsley) Starke were the parents of John Wyatt Starke (Senior).

The identity of the Father of Rev. Joseph Starke was inconclusive; but did narrow the field to either Richard Starke [1765-1832] or John Starke [1771-1829]; both proven sons of Major John Starke and grandsons of Colonel John Starke [1715-1799]. Genetically, it is certain, I believe, that John Wyatt Starke [1796-1860] and Rev. Joseph Starke were either brothers or first cousins. I hope the genetic-genealogy analysis that follows will be useful in your research of your Hanover County, Virginia, Starke ancestors and you will review my genealogical interpretations with an open mind.

Thomas Starke

b. 04/07/1616 (Baptized Hornchurch, Essex, England)

d. Abt 1684 (Perhaps in Norfolk, England)

m. Elizabeth Tanner / 07/09/1641 / St Dunstan in the East, East London, England

John Starke

b. 1644 (Baptized St. Dunston, East London, England)

d. 1695 (King William County, Virginia)

m. Unknown

Thomas Starke

b. 1685 (King & Queen County, Virginia)

d. 1744 (King William County, Virginia)

 m. Unknown

Col. John Starke

b. 1715 (Virginia)

d. Nov 1799 (Hanover County, Virginia)

m. Ann Wyatt / 05/25/1735 / Hanover Co., VA

Maj. John Starke

b. 04/27/1742 (Louisa County, Virginia)

d. 1793-1794 (Hanover County, Virginia)

m. Elizabeth Wyatt / Bef. 1768 / Prob. Hanover Co., VA)

William Bowling

Starke

b. 02/20/1786 (Hanover County, Virginia)

d. 04/17/1831 (Hanover County, Virginia)

m. Susan L. Tate / 03/17/1813 / Richmond, Wise Co., VA

Thomas Jefferson Starke

b. 12/02/1817 ( Richmond, Virginia)

d. 02/23/1888 (Richmond, Virginia)

m. Sarah J. Hutcheson / 12/20/1842 / Henrico Co., VA

Horace Melville

 Starke

b. 03/26/1860 (Richmond, Virginia)

d. 06/07/1932 (Richmond, Virginia)

m. Kate C. Ettenger / 12/26/1891 / Richmond, VA

Thomas Jefferson Starke, 2nd

b. 09/25/1897 (Richmond, Virginia)

d. 02/15/1961 (Richmond, VA)

m. Maria A. Bristow / 05/04/1918 / Richmond, VA

Father

Private

Starke

#N47628 (A3)

Private
Thomas Starke

b. 04/07/1616 (Baptized Hornchurch, Essex, England)

d. Abt 1684 (Perhaps in Norfolk, England)

m. Elizabeth Tanner / 07/09/1641 / St Dunstan in the East, East London, England

John Starke

b. 1644 (Baptized St. Dunston, East London, England)

d. 1695 (King William County, Virginia)

m. Unknown

Thomas Starke

b. 1685 (King & Queen County, Virginia)

d. 1744 (King William County, Virginia)

 m. Unknown

Col. John Starke

b. 1715 (Virginia)

d. Nov 1799 (Hanover County, Virginia)

m. Ann Wyatt / 05/25/1735 / Hanover Co., VA

Wyatt Starke

b. 09/19/1747 (Hanover County, Virginia)

d. 07/11/1804 (Kanawha County, Virginia)

m. Mary "Mollie" Bradford / 1772 / Hanover Co., VA)

John Dryden

Starke

b. 06/27/1777 (Charlotte County, Virginia)

d. 09/21/1833 (Kanawha County, West Virginia)

m. Sarah "Sallie" Whiteside / 11/30/1802 / Rockbridge Co., VA

Allen Starke

b. 02/08/1808 ( Kanawha, West Virginia)

d. Before 1880 Census (Lebanon, Cooper County, Missouri)

m. Patsy Martha Harmon / 04/14/1832 / Kanawha Co., WV

Wyatt Alexander

 Starke, Rev

b. 05/??/1844 (Missouri)

d. 02/09/1915 (Hood River, Hodd River County, Oregon)

m. Leticia W. Matlock / 09/01/1867 / Johnson Co., MO

Charles Rufus
Starke

b. 10/??/1876 (Sedalia, Pettis County, Oregon)

d. 04/01/1941 (Portland, Multnomah County, Oregon)

m. Minnie Violet Connelly / 11/25/1903 / Unknown

James Wyatt
Starke

b. 06/27/1906 (Spokane County, Washington)

d. 04/19/1971 (Portland, Multnomah County, Oregon)

m. Mabelle M. Anderson / Unknown / Unknown

Father

Private

Starke

#214358 (B1)

Private
Thomas Starke

b. 04/07/1616 (Baptized Hornchurch, Essex, England)

d. Abt 1684 (Perhaps in Norfolk, England)

m. Elizabeth Tanner / 07/09/1641 / St Dunstan in the East, East London, England

John Starke

b. 1644 (Baptized St. Dunston, East London, England)

d. 1695 (King William County, Virginia)

m. Unknown

Thomas Starke

b. 1685 (King & Queen County, Virginia)

d. 1744 (King William County, Virginia)

 m. Unknown

Col. John Starke

b. 1715 (Virginia)

d. Nov 1799 (Hanover County, Virginia)

m. Ann Wyatt / 05/25/1735 / Hanover Co., VA

Wyatt Starke

b. 09/19/1747 (Hanover County, Virginia)

d. 07/11/1804 (Kanawha County, Virginia)

m. Mary "Mollie" Bradford / 1772 / Hanover Co., VA)

John Dryden

Starke

b. 06/27/1777 (Charlotte County, Virginia)

d. 09/21/1833 (Kanawha County, West Virginia)

m. Sarah "Sallie" Whiteside / 11/30/1802 / Rockbridge Co., VA

Milton Hiram

 Starke

b. 09/09/1805 (Kanawha County, West Virginia)

d. 03/14/1886 (Otterville, Cooper County, Missouri)

m. Sarah Elizabeth Simons / 11/26/1840 / Cass Co., MO

Creed Taylor
Starke

b. 02/12/1843 (Cooper County, Missouri)

d. 03/23/1920 (Macksville, Stafford County, Kansas)

m. Sarah Frances Steele / 01/15/1867 / Cooper Co., MO

James Alexander
Starke

b. 08/13/1874 (Lebanon, Cooper Co., Missouri)

d. 10/15/1950 (St. John, Stafford County, Kansas)

m. Mary Lena Thomason / 10/16/1901 / Macksville, Stafford Co., KS

Father

Private

Starke

#78032 (B2)

Private

Thomas Starke

b. 04/07/1616 (Baptized Hornchurch, Essex, England)

d. Abt 1684 (Perhaps in Norfolk, England)

m. Elizabeth Tanner / 07/09/1641 / St Dunstan in the East, East London, England

John Starke

b. 1644 (Baptized St. Dunston, East London, England)

d. 1695 (King William County, Virginia)

m. Unknown

Thomas Starke

b. 1685 (King & Queen County, Virginia)

d. 1744 (King William County, Virginia)

 m. Unknown

Capt. Thomas

Starke

b. About 1715 (Virginia)

d. About 1784 (Camben District,, SC [Probably Fairfield County, South Carolina)

m. Jane Williams / ???? / ???? 

Col. Douglas Starke

b. About 1749 (Goochland County, Virginia)

d. Between 1820-1830 (Camden, Kershaw County, South Carolina

m. Lucy Starke, daughter Col. John Starke / 10/08/1801 / South Carolina)

Horatio Starke

b. 1810 based on age 1850 census (Fairfield County, South Carolina)

d. Between 1850-1860 (Washington County, Alabama)(Spouse Francis widow in 1860)

m. Francis Unknown / bef. 1832 / ??Dallas Co., AL?? (Based on Census Records)

John Douglas

 Starke

b. 10/07/1833 (Alabama)

d. 09/13/1894 (Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama)

m. Eugenia C. Monger (or Mounger) / 01/02/1855 / Washington Co., AL

Eugene Douglas
Starke

b. 02/12/1843 (Cooper County, Missouri)

d. 03/23/1920 (Macksville, Stafford County, Kansas)

m. Sarah Frances Steele / 01/15/1867 / Cooper Co., MO

John Douglas
Starke

b. 11/23/1888 (Lake Charles, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana)

d. 04/04/1983 (Liberty County, Texas)

m. Tennie Celestine Banks / Unknown / Unknown

Father

Private

Starke

#450526 (C1)

Private
Thomas Starke

b. 04/07/1616 (Baptized Hornchurch, Essex, England)

d. Abt 1684 (Perhaps in Norfolk, England)

m. Elizabeth Tanner / 07/09/1641 / St Dunstan in the East, East London, England

Thomas Starke

b. 1649 (Norfolk, England)

d. 03/03/1705 (Buried St Dunstan in the East, London, England)

m. Sarah Newson / 06/29/1676 / Pettistree, Suffolk, England

John Starke

b. 05/13/1685 (Baptized St. Dunstan in the East, London, England)

d. 04/04/1765 (Ewell, Kent, England)

m. Martha Empson / 04/20/1713 / Madras, India

Richard Starke, Gov.

b. 07/06/1720 (Madras, India; Note: Was Governor of Madras)

d. 03/05/1759 (Livorno, Tuscany, Italy; Note: lived at Hylands House, Surrey, England)

m. Mary Hughes / 06/29/1759/ Barnstead, Surrey, England

Richard Isaac

Starke, Lt. Col.

b. 1768 (Surrey, England)

d. 1827 (Epsom, Surrey, England)

m. Elizabeth Ravenscroft / bef. 1810 / Laugharne, Carmarthenshire, Wales

James Ravenscroft

Starke (Senior)

b. 1810 (Laugharne, Carmarthenshire, Wales)

d. 12/08/1875 (Barnwood, Glouchestershire, England)

m. Alicia Ellard / Abt. 1838 / Unknown iwth certainty (perhaps Ireland)

James Ravenscroft

Starke (Junior)

b. 1849 (Barnstaple, Devon, England)

d.  Oct-Dec 1879 (Altrincham, Cheshire, United Kingdom)

m. Ann Hunt Newcombe / Oct-Dec 1868 / Barnstaples, Devon, England

Henry Ravenscroft

Starke

b. Jan-Mar 1876 (Barnstaple, Devon, England)

d. 09/28/1955 (New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand)

m. Victoria Grace Uren Holten / 04/04/1901 / Kingsdown, Gloucestershire, Eng.

Father

Private

Starke

#399368 (D1)

Private

Comments by Clovis La Fleur: 05/25/2016

Results of Group 4 Starke DNA Analysis with Addition of #399368 to the Group

 I decided to look at the St. Dunstan Records to see if there was a record of Birth of a Thomas Starke in 1616. There are no references to the surname Starke for St. Dunstan before the marriage of Thomas and Elizabeth in 1641. I then decided to do a search narrowed to births, Baptisms, and Christenings from 1611 to 1621. Several were quite interesting. In particular, was the following:

 

Name: Thomas Stark * / Baptism Date: 7 Apr 1616

Baptism Place: Hornchurch, Essex, England

Mother: Ann Stark*

Also found as follows with surname Starkey

Name: Thomas Starkey  / Baptism Date: 1 Apr 1616

Baptism Place: Hornchurch, Essex, England

Mother: Ann Starkey

 

One record had the surname as Stark and another had the surname Starkey. However, I believe they are the same person. I then researched the history of Hornchurch, Essex, England. Found this was located in the London Borough of Havering. Found the following History on Hornchurch.

Quote

Hornchurch is a suburban town in East London, England, and part of the London Borough of Havering. It is located 15.2 miles (24.5 km) east-northeast of Charing Cross and is one of the locally important district centres identified in the London Plan. It comprises a number of shopping streets and a large residential area. It historically formed a large ancient parish in the county of Essex that became the manor and liberty of Havering.

End Quote

Then found the following on St. Dunstan In the East, East London, England.

Quote

St Dunstan-in-the-East was a Church of England parish church on St Dunstan's Hill, half way between London Bridge and the Tower of London in the City of London. The church was largely destroyed in the Second World War and the ruins are now a public garden.

End Quote

Believe the above Thomas Stark or Starkey could be the Thomas Starke born in 1616, just not in St Dunstan in the East; but in Hornchurch, Essex, England at that time. Later became part of East London.

The genealogy of #399368 places Thomas Stark [1616-1689] 9 generations before that of Richard John Ravenscroft Starke. When the genealogy of descendants of Col. John Starke are updated to include John Starke [1644-1704] as a son of Thomas Starke [1616-1689] and grandfather of Col. John Starke, on average, genealogically, they share Thomas Starke [1616-1689] as  a common ancestor  10 generations in the past. When the FTDNATip Calculator genetically compares Kit #89006 to #399368, there is a genetic distance of 2 and an 86.34% probability they could share a common ancestor within 11 generations. Kit #78032, when genetically compared to #399368, has a genetic distance of 1 and a probability of 96.22% they could share a common ancestor within 11 generations. I believe it is very likely #399368 genetically shares an earlier common ancestor with the Group 4 Members who descend from Col. John Starke – this common ancestor most likely Thomas Stark [1616-1689], merchant of London, England.

The Y-DNA test of a descendant of Thomas Starke (1642-1705) closely matches the results for  the Group 4 descendants of Col. John Starke.  The DNA match and records from each family, public records, and especially the baptismal roll for St. Dunstan’s in East, London, link the two branches of the Starke family; beginning with Thomas Starke (1616-1689), a London merchant, who was baptized at St. Dunstan’s in the East in 1616.  He had two sons, Thomas (1642-1705) and John (1644-1704), who were baptized at the same church. Thomas Starke (1642-1705) is well documented from his extensive commercial dealings.  This Thomas ran the shipping business trading with Virginia.  His brother, John Starke (1644-1704) ran the plantations in Virginia.  The communication between the London and Virginia branches of the Starke family appears to have been lost, when Thomas Starke’s (1642-1705) son, John Starke (1685-1765), moved the shipping operation to India in 1713. I believe – genetically and genealogically – they have now been reunited.

 

   
   
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The project administrators are volunteers and receive no financial remuneration of any kind from Family Tree DNA, nor are they "web affiliates" (i.e., We don't profit from "click throughs").  Genealogy is our hobby and is not our business. As Project Administrators, we are not responsible for the genealogical material provided by members nor are we responsible for the Test Results publicly reported by FTDNA. The analysis of results prepared and presented on this web site are based on our interpretation of the Y-DNA results published and the genealogy provided by the project members. Discussion of our analysis with members and others will always be welcome.