Rev. William Tilbury
16th Century Buckinghamshire

From "The History and Antiquities of the County of Buckingham" by George Lipscomb, 1847 (GENUKI)

Vicars of the Parish Church of St. Peter & St. Paul, Great Missenden

1200 Richard de OXON
1233 Alanus de WYCOMB
1383 Fr. Johes de RADENACHE, Canon
1559 Laurence BLACKWELL
1561 William TILBY, Curate
1598 John WORLEY, A.M.

Vicars of the Parish Church of St. John the Baptist, Little Marlow

____ Richard de SREATLEY
1344 Walter de GRETWORTH
1555 Robert ATHWICK
15-- William TILBURY
1596 Thomas HEAPE, A.M.

Rectors of the Parish Church of St. Nicholas, Hedsor

1403 John STEPHENS
1544 John ATHWICK
1575 Thomas BAYLEY
15__ William TILBURY, alias TILBY

Heddesore, Hedsor, Buckinghamshire

From "Reports and Papers of the Architectural and Archaeological Societies of the Counties of Lincoln, Northamptonshire and Leicestershire" 1897

page 478

"[Hedsor.] (350) TILBERIE, William, cl., pres. by Joseph BURLAWE, esq. John WILMOTE, Arthur WILMOTE, and James WILMOTE, 10 Jan., 8 Eliz. (A.D. 1565-6), to the ch. of Hedsore, vac."

From "Lincoln Episcopal Records in the Times of Thomas Cooper, S.T.P., Bishop of Lincoln, A.D. 1571-1584" 1912, by Charles Wilmer Foster, Catholic Church Diocese of Lincoln

[probably late 1570s]
page 49

"Sir Thomas BALEY, cl., to the ch. of Hedsore, vac. by the resig. of John ATHWICK. P.-Rouland HINDE, esq. At Buckden, 9 Mar. [Volens subscripsi (Reg. 74d.)].

page 134

10 May

"Before the bishop of his mere office, sitting as judge, in the presence of me Robert BOND, public notary, registrar."

"The office of the bishop against William TILBURY and Thomas BAYLIE, clerks, who appeared personally before the bishop. ..."

"Thomas BAYLIE, cl., also appeared, [asserting] that he is rector of Heddisore, and because he doth not exhibit his institution on the presentation of Roland HINDE, the true patron of the same, as is alledged, the bishop enjoined him that forthwith he doe bringe his letters of institucion before him as he will answer to the contrarie. And he moreover enjoined him that he doe in no wise meddle with the administracion of the sacraments or service there but quietly to suffer the said TILBERY to execute that office until by lawe either of them shalbe evicted as he will answer to the contrary, and that he doe bringe his institucion within this fortnight. ..."

[TILBERIE] "... gave a reason that he was of right rector of Heddesore because he exhibited before the bishop his institution to the said rectory made by Nicholas formerly bishop of Lincoln, bearing date 2 Oct., 1566, being presented by John BORLACE, esq., John WILMOTE, Arthur WILMOTE and James WILMOTE, etc."

From "The State of the Church in the Reigns of Elizabeth and James I as Illustrated by Documents..." by Charles Wilmer Foster, Church of England Diocese of Lincoln, 1926 (Lincoln Record Society)


[between 1581 and 1595]
page 48

"Ego Thomas BROWNE vicarius de Merloe magna ex animo subscribo"
       [vicar of Great Marlow, 1575-?]
       Folio 2

"Ego Will's TILBERYE vicarius de parva Marlowe ex animo subscribo"
       [vicar of Little Marlow, 15__-1595]
"Ego Hugo ROBERTS vicarius de Woborne episcopi libenter et ex animo subscribo"
       [vicar of Wooburn, 1581-1613]

[I vicar of ... from my soul (write beneath, sign; prosecute, accuse)]

To April 2010, no other details of this William's life have been discovered, except for, possibly, his burial:

Burial: Willm. TILBERIE clic 25 July 1608
Parish Register (1559-1901) of St. Michael and All Angels, Hughenden

My thanks to Vita for the above, and who adds "clic is not in the code [of abbreviations] but possibly that he was a cleric or clergyman".

From "The Museum of Foreign Literature, Science and Art" edited by Robert Walsh, Eliakim Littell

page 571

1842, Age and Size of Trees

"... The yew ... at Hedsor in Bucks surpasses all others in magnitude and antiquity. It is in full health, and measures above twenty-seven feet in diameter; consequently, according to Decandolle's method of computation, this yew has reached the enormous age of 3240 years! In all likelihood this is the most ancient specimen of European vegetation."

From "A History of the County of Buckingham" Vol. 3

page 54-57


"Hedsor Church, one of the smallest in the county, stands on the ridge of a hill within the precincts of Hedsor Park, and is approached by a public foot-path which crosses the estate. Near it is a famous yew tree over 27 ft. in circumference. The churchyard is notable for the absence of monuments, the graves being only distinguished by small flat stones. To the east of the church is a modern residence of red brick erected in 1844 on the site of the old manor-house built by Rowland Hynd in 1584 and subsequently demolished. Part of the outer walls now serve to inclose a garden; they are of flint and clunch, and contain a stone inscribed R.H. 1583. Woolman's Wood lies to the north-east of Hedsor Park, and off the road beyond it in the north-east corner of the parish is the rectory."

"The church of ST. NICHOLAS consists of a chancel measuring internally 19 ft. 6 in. by 11 ft. 6 in., nave 31 ft. 6 in. by 19 ft. 6 in., north aisle, south transept, organ chamber, vestry, west porch and timber belfry.

The chancel and nave are evidently of mediaeval date, but were very considerably restored about 1600, and the earliest details remaining now are of the 15th century; the other parts of the church are modern. The materials are flint and clunch and the roof is tiled. The chancel has been considerably modernized, but retains in the south wall two single trefoiled lights which perhaps date from the 15th century, but the head of the eastern one is modern. The chancel arch is modern. The nave also has been modernized. At the west end are two early 17th century buttresses, and some old stonework, probably from the north wall of the nave, is built into the walling of the modern aisle.

There is an early 14th-century moulded tomb slab now placed outside against the north wall of the aisle, and three floor slabs taken from the church are now in the churchyard at the east end of the chancel; the earliest is to Rowland Hynd, who died in 1608, and is stated to have 're-edified' the church, and Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Sir Robert Drury, 1606, the next to Elizabeth second wife of Rowland Hynd, 1651, and the third to Rowland Hynd, 1658.

The belfry contains one bell inscribed 'AK 1700.' On the stock is cut the date 1736.

The plate consists of a silver chalice, flagon and two patens and a jewelled silver-gilt chalice and paten, as well as a pewter flagon in the vestry dated 1674.

The registers begin in 1678.


References to Hedsor Church, the living of which is a rectory, occur in the early 13th century, when the advowson appears to have belonged to the priory of Little Marlow.

In 1403 the Crown made the first presentation of which a known record exists. The prioress claimed the advowson against the Crown and a long suit followed which ended in a writ of prohibition against her.

From 1457, when Thomas Restwold, then lord of the manor, presented to Hedsor Church, which was valued at 4 yearly in 1535, the descent of the advowson corresponds with that of the manor*.

In 1693 the Bishop of Lincoln revived what seems to have been an ancient right,** and from 1742 presented one turn in every three.

In 1852 this right was transferred to the diocese of Oxford."

* "The advowson is named as appurtenant to the manor in the transfers between 1492 and 1670. The rectory is also specified with the advowson in 1637."
** "This right so far as is known had been in abeyance from 1459, when the bishop made a presentation. The origin of the right is at present unknown, but the probability is that it was connected with Lede Manor. In 1222 William de Hedsor granted Hugh Bishop of Lincoln 30 acres of land in Hedsor in free alms, and in 1417 Philip Bishop of Lincoln granted I acre and I virgate of meadow there to John Polgrave, vicar of Wooburn."

From "A Picturesque Tour of the River Thames in Its Western Course" by John Fisher Murray, 1849 (H. G. Bohn)

Hedsor Church

"Few parish churches are smaller than that of Hedsor, but few, very few, are so delightfully placed ... Hereabouts are many rotund knolly hills, of no very great elevation, yet commanding beautiful and extended prospects; some rejoicing in the richest verdure, covered with browzing flocks and herds; whence, sweetly softened by distance, comes across the vale the tinkling sound of sheep-bells ... upon its crest the lowly house of prayer ... the hour of setting sun when ... the horizontal ray lit up every window, illuminating the sacred edifice as with a holy light ... from the low embattled tower the owl hooted her melancholy ... bats flitted past ..."

The above from Google Books Online

British History Online: Hedsor

Buckinghamshire Towns, Villages & Church Photos

Guestbook 'Tilberia'