Knik, Alaska a forgotten boom town
THE HISTORY OF KNIK, ALASKA
FROM BOOM TOWN TO GHOST TOWN
by Coleen Mielke
As the crow
flies, the present day location for Knik is 17½ miles northwest
of Anchorage on the west bank of the Knik Arm on Cook Inlet. By
more conventional travel, it's located about 14 miles south of Wasilla
on the Knik Goose Bay Road. Today, it is a quiet, gentle, residential
area with few reminders of the booming gold town it was between 1898
has been an Athabascan Indian population in the Cook Inlet area for a millennium
or more. Between 1850 and 1880, Russian priests journals did not describe
Knik as a single village; the journals called it "the Knik's", a group of
semi-permanent camps withing two to six miles from Knik. In 1888, Russian
missionary, Father Mitropol'skii helped the Indian's build a chapel at Knik.
Ten years later, when gold prospectors flooded the area, the Indians decided
to move out of the Knik area, all together, and dismantled the chapel and
took it with them to "New Knik" (Eklutna).
American (RAC) agent Vladimir Stafeev (of Tyonek) kept a missionary journal
that offers a rare look into the daily life of the Cook Inlet Dena'ina.
He mentions visiting the villages of Aleksandrovsk, Seldovia, Ninilchik,
Kustatan, Tyonek, Knik and Susitna (once a winter, weather permitting). He
performed religious services, marriages, funerals, baptisms and encouraged
the Indians to maintain a moral path.
In 1893, Vladimir
Stafeev (the Russian trade agent at Tyonek) described Knik Station (today's
Knik) as having one Alaska Commercial Company (ACC) trading post, one
Caucasian trading agent, one Dena'ina interpreter, a handful of Indian
residents and only three permanent buildings.
are very few first hand accounts of life in Knik pre 1900. One story mentioned
by several sources, is the story of the Alaska Commercial Co. store that
sat near the mouth of the Knik River pre 1898. That year, an ice dam at Lake
George (Knik Glacier) broke and sent walls of ice and water down the river,
covering the valley below, destroying three Indian villages and killing many.
The ACC store was washed off of its foundation and floated intact (and full
of merchandise) out into the Knik Arm and eventually to the mud flats between
the Little Susitna River and the Susitna River.
source of early Knik information, comes from the Alaska Commercial Company
sales agent journals which were started in 1885, after an ACC agent (George
Holt) was murdered by a Copper River Indian in Knik. See my story
about that murder at:
brought thousands of prospectors to south central Alaska in the
late 1890’s. For a fee of $40, large steamers and schooners transported
miners from Seattle to the deep waters of Tyonek; a 4½
day voyage (with good weather). Tyonek was a hive of activity in the spring
of 1898, with hopeful prospectors of every age and nationality trying
to build a boat. From Tyonek, men sailed to the tiny outpost of Knik Station,
a rough 75 miles away.
the men left their homemade boats and followed the old Dena’ina walking
trails that radiated out into gold country. Traveling on foot, snow
shoe, or by dog team, prospectors “brushed out” and widened the old trails
as they went.
turn of the century, Knik was the largest re-supply stop for prospectors
traveling overland from Seward to the Willow Creek, Susitna, Yentna,
Chulitna, McKinley, Gold Creek, Flat and Iditarod gold strike areas.
It provided essential goods such as boots, shoes, rain gear, guns,
ammunition, hardware, furs, groceries, coffee, tobacco, dried fish
for dog teams and most importantly, mail from home.
Prospectors purchased furs, sleds, snow shoes, moose meat
at 5¢ a pound, salmon at 25¢ each, moccasins and fur robes
from the local Dena'ina. They also hired them to harvest
logs, whip saw lumber, cut fire wood, tend gardens, pack freight to the
mines, unload boat freight and transport passengers between Knik
to Tyonek via crude sail boats and bidarka's.
the first official post office opened at Knik in 1904, mail arrived
about once a month (in the summer) by boat. In the winter, the boats
couldn't get to Knik, so Dena'ina "mail runners" were hired to retrieve
mail from the town of Sunrise which meant a 12 day round trip by foot/sled
about twice a winter (weather permitting).
were not the only early customers in Knik. The Eklutna and Matanuska
Dena’ina as well as the Copper River Ahtna came to Knik to trade
furs for tea, sugar and gunpowder. By 1913, with a winter population
of about 500, Knik was the largest settlement on Cook Inlet.
Knik residents lived a subsistence life
style. By ax and hand saw, they fell trees to build their homes;
they cut firewood and harvested beach coal from Point Campbell and
Tyonek for heat; they ate moose, bear, salmon, sheep, trout, ducks,
geese, rabbit, beaver and ptarmigan. They fed their dogs dried fish,
fed their horses wild hay and got their water from Knik Lake. While
working their gold mines at Hatcher Pass, prospectors also ate arctic
ground squirrels (which they called parky squirrels). Their journals
had humorous recipe titles such as parky stew, fried parky, parky pot
pie, parky and dumplings, boiled parky and parky and beans.
of Cook Inlet from 1898 to 1914 (pre Anchorage) depended on large
ocean going steamers and schooners to bring freight, passengers
and mail from Seattle and San Francisco, to the deep waters of Cook
Inlet. As early as 1876, those large ocean going vessels docked at Tyonek,
where there was an Alaska Commercial Co. store and an actual post office
after 1897. Later, the ships docked in the deep waters of Knik Harbor near
Ship Creek. That is how Anchorage originally got its name, by shortening
of the original place name of Knik-Anchorage, which meant it was the main
place to "anchor".
early 1903, Over 23 privately owned launches, sail boats, tugs
and scows transported freight and passengers from the larger ships anchored
at Knik Harbor to the small towns of Hope, Sunrise, Seldovia, Tyonek
and Knik Station; by 1915, there were nearly 100 boats. Lightering
freight was a thriving industry on Cook Inlet for both Caucasian and Indian
early years, freight, destined for Knik, was simply left on the Knik
mud flats and later picked up by its owner, which resulted in inevitable
losses. In 1907-1908, two wharfs were built at Knik which allowed
freight and passengers to off-load at Knik in the summer when the weather
and tides were right. The wharfs were anchored to the shore and supported,
on the other end, by large log cribs full of rocks. In the winters,
tidal ice movement played havoc with these docks and they were in a constant
state of repair and rebuild.
Knik Wharf with ice in background
travel was perilous for early residents. In 1904, on what was
supposed to be a quick sailing trip from Knik to the town of Hope,
O.G. Herning wrote in his journal: "Left Knik 8:45 PM for trip
to Hope to buy blasting powder, in sailboat. Rainy at Fire Islands
lower spit, no wind until Knik Harbor. Bucked tide halfway
along Fire Island. Left island 4 AM, wind was out of Turnagain
Arm so anchored off island. PM, made camp on island, hard
work to get boat out of surf. Next day - big wind and surf, couldn't
leave island. Next day – left Fire Island with fair wind. Wind
came out of Turnagain Arm, tide rips quite bad, had to put in at island
on right side of mouth of Turnagain Arm in Chickaloon Bay. Next day
– arrived at Hope. Three days later – left Hope for island in
Chickaloon Bay. Tide rough so didn't go to Fire Island. Next day – Left
Chickaloon Bay, wind came up strong, seas rolled choppy, had to cross
mouth of Turnagain Arm to get lee. One time, gunnels went under.
Made it to Pt. Campbell, waited seven hours for tide then got up to upper
end of Knik Harbor. Waited for tide until 9 PM. Arrived back at
Knik at 1:30”. Herning’s “quick trip” took ten days.
were an integral part of life at Knik. Used for transportation, moving
freight, pulling ground scrapers and hay mowers, plowing fields,
hauling lumber and water, the horses received great care and were
hired by the hour in addition to their drivers. In 1906, the United
States Geological Service came to Knik to survey the area. When they
left that fall, the U.S.G.S. sold their 14 pack horses to eager buyers
in Knik. The horses were then sent to Homer for a safe "winter-over",
because food there was plentiful and the climate was warmer.
the winter of 1908, the Bartholf brothers brought the first sawmill
to Knik by schooner. Destined for the Willow Creek Mining District, it
took seven weeks in sub-zero weather to move the mill (with a team of
horses) from Knik to Willow Creek.
the Federal Government opened a trail, for mail delivery from Seward to
Nome, it was called the Iditarod Trail and it was used mainly by men
traveling to and from gold country. The Iditarod trail, which
went right through Knik, brought money and employment to the town.
By 1912, Knik had a Post Office, three hotels, a bakery, four stores,
a pool hall, two saloons, a Turkish bath, a church, two cafe’s, a candy
shop, a barbershop, a doctor, a blacksmith, a tin shop, a boat shop,
an assay office, a dog kennel, a laundry and a jail. December 12, 1912
the Knik school opened for the first time, with 17 students. In 1915,
Knik residents purchased a printing press, delivered by schooner from
San Francisco, and published the Cook Inlet Pioneer newspaper.
not the only export from Knik. The Dena’ina harvested and sold fish, moose
meat and furs, made hundreds of pairs of snow shoes and picked hundreds
of barrels of cranberries which were then shipped from Knik to Seattle
by Knik store merchants.
who later figured prominently in Alaska's history, patronized
Knik before Anchorage was built in 1915: Romig, Lathrop, Herning, Palmer,
Glenn, Dowling, Hatcher, Blodgett, Bartlett, Leopold David, Caswell,
Girdwood, Kincaid, Nagley, Whitney and Sutton, just to name a few.
notables also traded in Knik: Chief Stephan, Chief Nicolai, Chief
Nakeeta, Chief Pete of Tyonek, Goosmar, Affinassa, Alex, Simeon,
Esi, Theodore, Vasilla, Ephim, Evan and many others.
seldom an issue in Knik. There were occasional hunting, claim jumping,
and brawling incidents, but they were mostly alcohol related and
quickly defused. Home brew, or "white mule" as it was called, was
a constant problem and was equally prevalent in the non-Native and
Native populations. By 1911, prostitutes discovered Knik. "Sporting
girls", as they were called, used Knik as their home base while they
traveled frequently to nearby Susitna Station to "ply their trade" with
prospectors. They were generally well tolerated by the mostly male population
10, 1912, four Iditarod dog teams, carrying 2,900 pounds of gold
bullion arrived at Knik. The news fueled gold fever even further.
The Iditarod trail was lined with prospectors heading north and
dog teams pulling sleds of gold south. While most gold totals didn't
match the 1912 load, there were other memorable amounts of gold that
came through Knik. In 1916, Iditarod gold teams arrived with 3,400
lb. of gold; it was hauled in by several teams and 46 dogs.
about 1906, Knik was hearing rumors that the Alaska Central Railroad, which
started at Seward and ended at mile 72 (Kern Creek), was going to be extended,
possibly to Fairbanks, but by 1909 the company was bankrupt and expansion
of the railroad stopped.
Alaska was a Territory and Congress passed the Organic Act which resulted
in plans to extend the railroad from Kern Creek to the Matanuska Susitna
Valley with a branch going to the Matanuska coal fields.
immediately, teams of surveyors and clearing crews descended on Knik,
building barns for horse teams, a storage building and a mess hall.
All of this activity and the "promise" of jobs fueled more growth for
Knik, but in 1914, the railroad built a headquarters at Ship Creek. In
January of 1916, tracks were completed between Anchorage and Peters Creek.
Two months later, they reached Eklutna and the railroad right of way was
cleared to the next railroad construction camp called Wasilla. Knik, which
was at its population peak that year, could now see that the new railroad
route would bypass them.
began moving from Knik to the Ship Creek tent city, but since Ship Creek
(future Anchorage) had no infrastructure, its early residents continued
to purchase necessities from Knik.
the railroad tracks reached Wasilla which was 15 miles closer to the
Willow Creek Mines (than Knik) and quickly became transportation central
for the freight that gold miners and homesteaders required.
the inevitable, in the summer of 1917, Knik residents started
dismantling their buildings and shipping them to the new town of
Anchorage, by boat, or to the new town of Wasilla, by horse and wagon.
Only a few old timers and one general store remained in Knik after 1917;
six months later, the store burned to the ground and was never rebuilt.
100 years after Knik’s demise, the area is mainly residential
with only two surviving original buildings. The old pool hall is now
the Knik Museum, a two story treasure trove of Alaskana artifacts.
The other building is a small empty cabin that sits nearby. The boomtown
of Knik is truly a forgotten community, rich in (nearly) forgotten history.
Article from "KNIK NEWS"
dated 3/6/1915 lists the
following early homesteaders located adjacent or near Knik, Alaska
|A. G. SWANSON
|O. G. HERNING (Orville
|J. D. WHITNEY
|A. A. COBB (Arthur A.
|O. C. MILLER (Oliver Cromwell
|R. WEISS (Ralph
|F. H. ANDREWS
|H. C. SHOUGH (Harry
|G. J. BLAKE
|C. B. WHITE
|A. G. HENRY
|W. J. BOGARD (William Jefferson
|J. J. PAGE
|G. DANIELSON (Gustav
|J. F. EDLUND (Johann Fredholf
|C. H. BAUER
|G. A. HALLER (Gustav
|A. H. OLSON
|J. W. HOOPE
|H. H. DRAKE (Herbert
|C. J. HERTEL
|A. J. PIERCE
|A. THORSEN (Aleck Thorsen)
|A. REISING (Abe Reising)
|C. C. THORPE (Clyde Commodore
|S. LUTCHINGER (Stephen
|C. EGTVET (Clifford Egtvet)
|L. O. OLSON
|E. A. DUNCKLEE (Edward
|N. NEKLASON (Necolaus Neklason)
|H. A. BROWN
|C. STERN (Christ Stern)
|J. H. CONWAY (Joseph
|F. A. BROWN
|O. J. JACOBSON
|G. A. GATES (George A. Gates)
|J. J. O'BRIEN (John J.
|T. H. JETER
|H. H. SHARP
|P. E. PITCHFORD
|A. W. MADSEN
|E. W. LAWSON
|H. McCAUGHEY (Hugh McCaughey)
|M. E. SHORTLEIGH
|J. W. DOWNING (John W.
|JOHN M. LOKEN
|G. B. FISK
|T. S. McDOUGALL (Thomas
|I. V. MILLER (Ira V. Miller)
|A. E. DANIELSON (Andrew
|E. B. SPARLING "Buck"
|T. O. LARSEN
|F. F. WINCHESTER (Frank
|O. N. NELSON
|J. FLECKENSTEIN (Joseph
|C. H. WILSON
|J. G. JOHNSON
|G. MOFFAT (William G.
|L. B. ANDERSON
|J. BUGGE (John J. Bugge)
|I. N. BENNETT
|W. W. DIETZEL
|E. J. TOMLINSON (Evan J. Tomlinson)
|M. K. SULLIVAN
|W. S. FERGUSON
|A. S. LEE
|W. S. FENTON
|H. W. MITCHELL (Hiram
|CHAS. ULANKEY (Charles Ulankey)
|H. McKINNON (Hettie McKinnon)
|P. J. JEWELL
|E. F. KRUEGER (Edwin
|JAS. ST. CLAIR (James
|C. A. LARSEN
|F. M. CROCKER (Frederick M.
Miscellaneous Homestead Location Papers,
Bill of Sales, Fishing Rights, etc. in the Knik Recording District
records came from the Alaska State Dept. of Natural Resources Recorders
Office. I've included a variety of records, mostly homestead claims, but
there are bill of sales, a couple mining claims, mortgages, homestead
relinquishments, a few probate records, etc. I will be adding to this
page when I find more records.
up in alaska on 5/14/1898 and you could claim an 80 acre homestead. On
3/3/1903, the rules were changed and you could claim a 320 acre homestead.
On 7/8/1916, the homestead size was reduced to 160 acres. The last homesteads
were issued in the 1980's.
The basic requirements were pretty simple; you had to be 21, or
the head of the household, or you could have served in the military. You
had to be a citizen of the United States or have filed a declaration to
become a citizen (you had to become a citizen before receiving the final
patent to your homestead). You had to live on the homestead for five years
(3 years after 1912) and you had to have a habitable dwelling on your
land (tents didn't qualify). You also had to cultivate at least one eighth
of the homestead in either grain, vegetables or farm stock.
NOTICE: The homestead location papers listed below had no document
numbers on them. The beginning of every "location paper" began with:
"I, the undersigned, hereby claim for homestead purposes, the following
described tract of land..."
After the description of the land was written, the document was
signed and dated by the Knik District Recorder. John Goodell was the Knik
District Recorder until the spring of 1910. H.H.Hildreth was the Knik
District Recorder until the spring of 1911 and Leopold David was the Knik
District Recorder after the spring of 1911.
7/21/1901 Homestead Location Papers: Charles Ulanky Application 320
acres west shore of Knik Arm, located on Fish Creek about 20 miles NE
of Point McKenzie and 2 miles SW of Knik Station. Southeast corner post
is 1320' south from mouth of Fish Creek and the northeast corner post is
1340' north from Fish Creek, thence runs one mile west parallel on each side
of Fish Creek. Said homestead includes fishing station and improvements on
Fish Creek used by the Native Indians of the Knik tribe. Witnesses R. B.
Perkins and O. G. Herning
8/13/1905 Homestead Location Papers:
W. D. Elliott south side of Knik
Arm near its head and adjoining on the west, 320 acres. G. W. Palmer
homestead being to the east of latter. (John Goodell District Recorder.
Homestead Location Papers: M. J. McKinnon
at mouth of Cottonwood Creek, 6 miles from Knik Trading Station. Witnesses
to application were John Goodell and G. W. Palmer. Eighty rods
west of mouth of Cottonwood Creek, thence north 320 rods to NW corner;
thence east 160 rods to corner; thence south 320 rods to corner; thence
west following the meander line of Knik Arm 160 rods to place of beginning.
The cabin in which I reside, on said claim, is 600' from high water line
of Knik Arm and about 900' from the S. E. corner of the claim.
4/20/1906 Homestead Location Papers: B. W. Hedrick 320 acres West side
of Matanuska River
6/21/1906 Homestead Location Papers: J. H. Carnagey 320 acres East line
runs close to and continues out over the high bank of the Matanuska River
on south. It joins H. Thistel ranch at the Junction
between the north line and Watson's Trail. It is about 3 miles
from Moose cabin by trail.
6/21/1906 Homestead Location Papers: Harold Thistel 320 acres East
line of this claim runs close to high bank of Matanuska River and joins
J. H. Carnegey's homestead on north. The junction of Watson's trail and
north line is about 4 miles from Moose cabin by trail.
8/12/1906 Nakeeta Coal Claim
Located by Nakeeta
160 acres of coal land, south side of Matanuska River opposite
mouth of Granite Creek.
6/6/1910 Bessie Quartz Mining Claim by James Patchell
and Nakeeta : About 1 mile west
of the north fork of Kings Creek in Knik Mining District.
2/12/1907 Homestead Location Papers: Andrew Jackson Duffy on north bank
of Knik Arm and joining G. W. Palmer's garden and Knik Lake on the west.
Witness: D. J. Beahm
9/10/1908 Homestead Location Papers:
W.H.Conners 320 acres unsurveyed government land, 1/2
from Knik village and 300 yards east of the springs. Witness: George Purches
(John Goodell District Recorder)
9/2/1909 Homestead Location Papers: H. Sorenson Located for agricultural purposes:
Land situated on left bank of the river going up about 1 mile above the Station,
it is on the point where the Yentna and the Susitna River meet. (H. Farris
10/10/1909 Homestead Location Papers: Christopher
Hathaway 320 acres, south side of Knik Arm, 200' west of Knik
Butte and running 2640' westerly to NW corner, then 5280' southerly to SW
corner, then 2640' easterly to SE corner then 5280' northerly to place of
beginning. Three miles eas from village of Old Knik. Witness: W.D.Elliott
(H. Farris District Recorder)
2/3/1911 Homestead Location Papers: Orville
G. Herning, 320 acres located 9 miles
north of Knik, Alaska along what is known as Herning's Winter Trail Road
from Knik to Willow Creek Placer and Quartz Mines. Witness:
A. W. Hall (H.H.Hildreth District Recorder)
4/10/1910 Homestead Location Papers: Geo. A. Gates 160 acres situated 1½
miles NE of the town of Knik on the NW side of Knik Arm and lies NE of
and adjoins the homestead of John J. O'Brien. Witness: F. B. Cannon (H.H.Hildreth
4/29/1910 Homestead Location Papers: H. W. Mitchell, beginning at corner
1, situated 100 yards east of mouth of Soldier Creek Gulch on the high
band near mean high water mark; thence following meander of Knik Arm in
a SW direction about 815 yards to a spruce witness post on the high bank
above high tide; thence due west about 420 yards to post 2, thence due north
1760 yards to birch post marked corner 3 thence due east 880 yards to a
birch post marked 4 thence south to post 1 the place of beginning. Homestead
on northerly side of Knik Arm about 1 mile from town of Knik. Witness
W. H. O'Conner (H.H.Hildreth District Recorder)
6/14/1910 Homestead Location Papers: Peter
Murray located on what is known as Vasili Fish Creek on south side of
the creek and about 1/2 mile from the mouth of said creek. Witness
10/1/1910 Homestead Location Papers: H. McKinnon, 320 acres 6 miles NE of
the town of Knik on northerly side of Knik Arm and adjoins Hughes homestead.
Witness Wm. Hughes (H.H.Hildreth District Recorder)
10/8/1910 Homestead Location Papers: Frank Brown 320 acres said homestead
is near head of Knik Arm on south side about 700' from NE corner of Indian Village church grounds. Witness
J. W. Hamilton. (H.H.Hildreth District Recorder)
7/9/1911 Homestead Location Papers: Percy
E. Pitchford, 320 acres post 1 on Burr's Point on
the Matanuska River thence north 1/2 mile to stake 2 thence east 1 mile
to stake 3 thence 1/2 mile to stake 4 thence west to place of commencement.
(Leopold David District Recorder)
10/1910 Homestead Location Papers: J. D. Whitney 160 acres beginning
at corner 1 on left bank of Ship Creek, which is identical with corner
1 of the F. W. Kincaid claim #31, extending thence east 20 chains, thence
north 80 chains, thence west 20 chains, thence south 80 chains to the place
of beginning. Witness: Fred Kincaid (official survey done 3/22/1911)
10/10/1910 Bill of Sale: Wm. Hughes
of Knik, in consideration of $160, in hand, paid by George
W. Palmer of same place, sell, transfer and deliver to George W. Palmer,
the building known as the Knik House and the building
known as the Blacksmith Shop. Together with contents of Knik House
(stoves, dishes, tables, chairs, beds, bedding) and everything contained
in said buildings. Witness: T. E. O'Brine
10/18/1910 Bill of Sale: Regarding a suit of George W. Palmer
vs. George Purches and Eiline M. Purches against personal
property of said George and Eiline Purches, all right, title and interest
in one dwelling known as the Purches cabin. That
at said sale, George W. Palmer bid $150 for said property, he being the
highest and best bidder. Leopold David Special U.S. Deputy
Marshal appointed by the court.
10/24/1910 Bill of Sale: Between Glenn
Names and Daria Names, his wife, of Hope, Alaska and W.
G. Grady. for the sum of $100, paid in hand, sold
to W. G. Grady a building known as Names Saloon in the town of Knik.
Witnesses: Marcus O. Cherry and J. H. Denny
11/20/1910 Homestead Location Papers: A.
G. Swanson, 320 acres situated on north side of Vasilla Creek and adjoining the homestead of Peter
Murray. Witness: Peter Murray (H.H.Hildreth District Recorder)
12/23/1910 Bill of Sale: E.D. McElroy
of Susitna sold to W. G. Grady of Knik, the gasoline
launch known as Launch P.V., which is now at Susitna, Alaska for $200.
Witnesses Henry D. Gallagher and W. H. Nagley
Probate: Estate of A. J. Duffy, administrator
of estate, F. B. Cannon, sold the Pioneer Roadhouse and contents, the
cabin adjoining, the barn, dog house and out buildings connection with
said roadhouse and land on which said building are situated and grounds
enclosed by fence or otherwise known as "Duffy's Property", said right
and title being known as "squatters rights" therein. Property purchased
by T. J. McLaughlin for $580, he being the highest bidder.
H. H. Hildreth Probate Judge.
11/18/1911 Homestead Location Papers: Oliver Cromwell Miller, 320 acres at
the Little Susitna Bridge, from this stake, I claim 80 rods south, thence
80 rods east, thence 320 rods north, thence 160 rods west, thence 320 rods
south, thence 80 rods east to south end, middle stake.
12/29/1911 Notice of Mill Site Location: O. C. Miller on this day, staked and
located 10 acres of land for a mill site near the top of the hill on the
Carle and within 2000' of the Viola Mine.
1/1/1912 Bill of Sale: I, the
undersigned, a Native of Alaska, do hereby sell and transfer to Peter
Murray, for the consideration of the sum of $15 lawful money of the United
States, to me, in hand, paid and the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged,
all my right title and interest to those certain cabins known as Vassila's
Cabins on Palmer's Slough in the Knik District of Alaska. I further
state that I am the owner of said cabins and have a right to sell the same.
Tom Stephan "X" (his mark) Witnesses: Leopold David
and George W. Palmer
3/26/1912 Homestead Location Papers: George
Nylen, 320 acres in Matanuska Valley on north side of Matanuska
River and adjoins west side of Cobb's homestead and about 1 mile east of
A. G. Swanson's homestead. Witnesses: A. G. Swanson, Peter Murray.
4/4/1912 Homestead Location Papers: Tim Calmes,
320 acres, commencing at SE corner of Miller's water right taken in behalf
of Viola Mine and running 1320' west thence 5380' south thence 2640' east
thence 5280 north thence 1320 west to starting point. Locations posted is
about 100' west of starting point on what is called the Carle Wagon Road.
4/7/1912 Homestead Location Papers:
Peter Hebert, 320 acres west of government road, about
19 miles north of Knik near a camping place generally called Paradise;
thence south 3000', thence west 1320', thence north 1 mile, thence east
1/2 mile, thence south 1 mile thence west 1320' thence 3000' north to place
5/3/1912 Bill of Sale: Sold to Margy
King, a cabin known as the Carnegie
cabin for value received. J. F. Sumner Witnesses Ed Miller
and Otto Langel
5/10/1912 Bill of Sale: Sold to Mattie A.
Herning one tent house 12'x14' on lot 45' x 75' for $100,
situated west of Herning's store garden in town of Knik, Alaska. Together
with all the utensils and all things on said lot except one "pump" now
installed in well which shall be delivered to Milo Kelly. Sold by
O. C. Miller Witnesses: F. B. Cannon and O.G. Herning
6/7/1912 Homestead Location Papers: Milo
Kelly, 320 acres commencing at canyon on the Little Susitna
river thence south 1 mile. New wagon road runs through about center of
homestead. Lines blazed and corners set. Witness Ross Kinney.
6/17/1912 Homestead Location Papers: Joseph
Grimes, 320 acres located below canyon on Little susitna
River and joins the Kelly homestead on the south, located along new wagon
road. Witness Ross Kinney.
7/9/1912 Homestead Location Papers: E. W.
Larson, E½ Section 36 T17N R2W and takes in Cottonwood
Creek where it enters the flats.
8/19/1912 Homestead Location Papers: A. N.
Madsen, 320 acres located as follows: adjoins Swanson's
homestead on the north on Palmer's Slough Knik Precinct.
8/19/1912 Homestead Location Papers: Rudolph Weiss, 320 acres located as follows:
Adjoins Madsen homestead on the north on Palmer's Slough, Knik Precinct.
11/1/1912 Homestead Location Papers: F. M. Crocker 320 acres NW¼
of Section 10, SW¼ of Section 3, T16N R2W Seward Meridian. Witness:
11/18/1912 Homestead Location Papers: Hugh McCaughey, joining Ralf Wise on east
side and George Bylen on west side and lies between these 2, north of
12/20/1912 Homestead Location Papers: Frank H. Andrews 320 acres located about
19 miles from Knik and alongside of Gold Bullion summer trail.
3/25/1913 Notice of Location of Mission Site: 80
acres west shore of Knik Arm about 1/2 mile from Goose Bay. Location is made for Presbyterian Church Mission purposes.
Agent T. P. Howard, witness Walter E. Howard.
5/16/1913 Homestead Location Papers: H.
C. Shough, 320 acres joins Grimes homestead on south and
is near Little Susitna River along new government wagon road to Fishhook
6/6/1913 Homestead Location Papers: John
W. Downing, 320 acres located 1½ miles in a westerly
direction from town of Knik and on the Susitna Winter
8/11/1913 Homestead Location Papers: Ellsworth Shepherd,
320 acres S½ Section 24 T17N R1E located about 24 miles from Knik
in the Matanuska Valley.
9/10/1913 Homestead Location Papers: John Lanquist,
the south 40 acres of Section 22 and the north forty acres of Section
27, T17N R1E Seward Meridian.
10/24/1913 Homestead Relinquishment: John Loken N½
Section 20 T18N R2E Seward Meridian. Witnesses J. F. Major and Leopold
10/27/1913 Homestead Location Papers: John Loken, N½
Section 29 T18N R2E Seward Meridian. Witness Glen J. Blake.
12/28/1913 Homestead Location Papers: Mrs. Estella Dalton,
320 acres land for agricultural purposes, 13½ miles NW of Knik on
the main thoroughfare and I hereby claim this land to be known as the Dalton
Homestead. Witness: Mrs. Delia Rae
12/28/1913 Homestead Location Papers: Martin Leckvold, S½
Section 34 T18N R1E Seward Meridian. Witnesses: Glen Blake and John Loken.
4/8/1914 Notice of Location of Mission Site: The Board of Home Missions of the Presbyterian Church in
the U.S.A. claims the following property at Knik, Alaska, staked by
its agent T. P. Howard for mission purposes. Beginning at a point,
the east corner of the campus of the Knik Public School and running south
1100' thence west 990' thence north 1100' thence east to the point of
beginning 900', being 5 acres more or less.
4/10/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Ira V. Miller
N½ of Section 33 T18N R2W Seward Meridian. Witnesses
A. Wise and W. M. Smith
4/20/1914 Homestead Location papers: John M. Loken 320
acres NW¼ of SW¼ Section 34, SE¼ of Section 33
and N½ of NE¼ of Section 4 T17N R2E Seward Meridian. Witnesses:
Ira V. Miller and Glen Brake.
4/25/1914 Homestead Location Papers: A. J. Price
320 acres begin at stake 1 located near winter trail, back of Knik Lake,
thence 160 rods NW to post 2, thence 160 rods SW to post 3, thence 160
rods to post 4. Witness Louis Lund.
5/2/1914 Homestead Location Papers: George B. Fisk E½
of SW¼ Section 13, SE¼ of Section 13 in T16N R3W and W½
of SW¼ of Section 18 in T16N R2W Seward Meridian. Witness: C.B.
5/7/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Charley Johnson
S½ of NW¼, N½ of SW¼. SW¼
of NE¼. NW¼ of SE¼ Section 10 T17N Range 1W Seward
5/8/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Curtis Ross
W½ of SW¼ Section 16, W½ of NW¼ Section
21, E½ of SE¼ Section 17, E½ of NE¼ Section
20, all in T18N R2E Seward Meridian. Witness: Adam Werner.
5/9/1914 Homestead Location Papers: William Campbell SW¼
and S½ of SE¼ Section 29 and S½ of SE¼ Section
30 T18N R2E Seward Meridian. Witnesses: James Page, Glenn Brake and
W. J. Bogard
5/9/1914 Homestead Location Papers: F. F. Winchester NE¼
of Section 16 and the SE¼ of Section 9 T17N R1E Seward Meridian
Witness: M. M. Kinsinger
5/9/1914 Homestead Location Papers: M. M. Kinsinger NW¼
of Section 15 and SW¼ of Section 10 T17N R1E Seward Meridian.
Witness F. F. Winchester
5/11/1914 Homestead Location Papers: T. S. McDougal
320 acres E½ of NE¼ Section 4 and the NW¼
of Section 3 and W½ of NE¼ of Section 3 T17N R1E Seward
Meridian. Witness W. J. Bogard
5/18/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Ben Marino W½
of Section 26 T18N R1E Seward Meridian. Witnesses: A. G. Danielson
and G. Danielson
5/20/1914 Homestead Location Papers: J. B. Fleckenstein
E½ of Section 16 T17N R1W Seward Meridian. Witnesses C.
C. Thorpe and F. H. Andrews
5/21/1914 Homestead Location Papers: J. F. Edlund
SE¼ of the S½ of the SW¼ Section 13 T17N R1W Seward
Meridian. Witnesses: C. H. Bauer and Sophus Anderson.
5/23/1914 Homestead Location Papers: C. C. Thorpe 320
acres agricultural land located on Government road out of Knik at mile
post 12. Beginning at 12 mile post, I claim 1/4 mile in the northerly
direction and 3/4 mile in southerly direction and 1/4 mile in easterly
direction and 1/4 mile in westerly direction.
5/25/1914 Amended Homestead Papers: J. F. Edlund 240
acres S½ of SE¼ and S½ of SW¼ Section 13
and N½ of NW¼ Section 24 in T17N R1W Seward Meridian. Witnesses
C. H. Bauer and Sophus Anderson
5/26/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Axel Olson S½
Section 3 T17N R1E Seward Meridian. Witnesses: Martin Leckvold and Charles
5/27/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Roy Cornelius SW¼
Section 24 and the N½ of NW¼ of Section 25 and E½
of SE¼ Section 23 T18N R1E Seward Meridian Witness: Curtis
5/28/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Charles A. Larson
320 acres SW¼ Section 19 and the NW¼ Section 30 T18N
R2E Seward Meridian Witnesses: M. Leckvold and Axel Olson
5/28/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Samuel Marsh,
E½ of Section 24, T18N R1E Seward Meridian. Witnesses Martin
Leckvold and Axel Olson.
5/29/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Arthur H. Olson
NE¼ of Section 26, W½ of SE¼ Section 23, E½
of SW¼ Section 23 T18N R1E Seward Meridian Witnesses
Henry Heath and M. Leckvold
5/29/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Dan Greenwalt
N½ of Section 33 T17N R1E Seward Meridian. Witnesses W.
C. Rannells and Robert Taylor.
6/15/1914 Homestead Location Papers: John Parks 320
acres located on Fish Creek, 7 miles from town of Knik and running 1
mile east to NE corner, thence 1/2 mile south to SE corner, 1 mile west
to SW corner, then 1/2 mile north to NW corner. Witness: John Tomlinson
6/27/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Emil J. Hertel commencing
corner 1, located 1/4 mile NE from mouth of Goose Creek, thence 1/2 mile
easterly, thence 1 mile north, thence 1/2 mile west, thence 1 mile south
to place of beginning, following meander of shore line.
7/3/1914 Location of Trading Site: Miss Edith H. Furman and Miss
Edyth E. VanOrnum 80 acres commencing at post 1, which
is located 1/4 mile NE from mile 16 Government Road, thence 1/4 mile east
to post 2, thence 1/2 mile south to post 3, thence 1/2 mile west to post
4, thence 1/2 mile north to post 5, thence 1/4 mile east to post 1, place
of beginning. Witness Bob Dunlap.
7/15/1914 Homestead Location Papers: C. H. Wilson SW¼
of NW¼ Section 13, W½ of SW¼ of Section 13, NW¼
of NW¼ of Section 24, NE¼ of NE¼ Section 23, E½
of SE¼ Section 14, SE¼ of NE¼ Section 14, all in
T16N, R3W Seward Meridian.
7/29/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Herman Hugh 320
acres E½ of Section 12 T17N R1W Seward Meridian. Witness: J. F.
7/29/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Hans Hugh 320 acres
W½ of Section 7 T17N R1E Seward Meridian. Witness: Herman Hugh
8/3/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Anton Schmidt N½
of Section 28 T18N R1E Seward Meridian. Witnesses G. Danielson, Ben Marino
8/9/1914 Homestead Location Papers: John G. Johnson, N½
of Section 8 T17N R1E Seward Meridian. Witness Gus Haller.
8/28/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Herman Hoppell
commencing at a point on Knik Arm about 80 rods south of Hertel's homestead, SE corner post 1, thence south
1/2 mile to post 2, thence west 1 mile to post 3, thence north 1/2 mile
to post 4 thence east 1 mile to post 1, the place of beginning. Located
at lower end of Goose Bay.
8/31/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Wm. Larson
SE¼ of Section 10 and the NE¼ of Section 15 T17N
R1E Seward Meridian Witness: M. M. Kinsinger.
9/5/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Abe Reising
W½ of Section 26, T17N R2W Seward Meridian witness
W. G. Moffat
9/7/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Wm. Dalton
320 acres S½ of Section 28 T17N R1E Seward Meridian
9/7/1914 Homestead Location Papers: William G. Moffat
NE¼ of Section 34 and the NW¼ of Section 35, all
in T17N R2W witness: Abe Reising
9/7/1914 Homestead Location Papers: E. A. Duncklee
S½ of SW¼ Section 33 T17N R2E and NW¼ of Section
4 T 18N R2E and N½ of SW¼ Section 4 T18N R2E Seward Meridian.
Witnesses J. J. Bugge and C. Martin
9/14/1914 Homestead Location Papers: John Kusturin
S½ of Section 8, T18N R2E Seward Meridian
9/18/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Joe Rasmussen
W½ of Section 5, T17N R2E Seward Meridian. Witnesses: Charley
Martin and Al Walters
9/25/1914 Homestead Location Papers: W. H. Osbron
S½ Section 25 T 18N R1W Seward Meridian. Witness
10/5/1914 Homestead Location Papers: C. W. Dietzel
SE corner stake 1/4 mile from Martin's old log stable with east
corner stake 1/4 mile up Fishhook Creek. The NE corner stake 1 mile up
Little Susitna River, NW corner stake 1/2 mile west of Little Susitna
River. Homestead located 1/2 mile from Fishhook Bridge. Witnesses:
Robert Speck and E.L. Morris
10/14/1914 Homestead Location Papers: Hans L. Walby 320
acres SE¼ of Section 26 and the SW¼ of Section 25 T18N
R1E Seward Meridian. Witnesses M. Leckvold and Chas A. Larson
10/31/1914 Homestead Location Papers: John Springer
320 acres for agricultural purposes starting on the NE corner,
post 1, a rocky point on the Matanuska river and adjoining the SE corner
of the Egvits homestead. running 3/4 mile to NW post 2, thence 1/4
mile to post 5, thence 1/2 mile to SE post 6, thence 3/4 mile to post
1. Witness: J. Tomlison
11/1/1914 Homestead Location Papers: John Henderson
NE¼ and E½ of NW¼ and NW¼ of SE¼
and NE¼ of SW¼, all 320 acres in Section 31 T18N R1E Seward
1/7/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Jas. St. Clair
320 acres located in unsurveyed Matanuska farming land facing the
waterfront, joining Joe Jewels claim on west and running east 1/2 mile
and joining Jack Tomlinson's on the east thence 1 mile south to initial
stake which is 1/2 mile north of section line on what is known as Burr's
2/6/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Dennis J. Curtin
W½ of Section 6 T17N R2E Seward Meridian.
2/6/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Con Norberg E½
of Section 6 T17N R2E Seward Meridian.
2/12/1915 Homestead Location Papers: M. R. Hussey 320 acres
unsurveyed land supposed to be N½ Section 17 T17N R2E Witness:
2/12/1915 Homestead Location Papers: P. J. Mannion 320
acres unsurveyed land supposed to be S½ Section 17 T17N R2E Seward
Meridian. Witness: Chas Martin
2/20/1915 Homestead Location Papers: F. F. Farrington 320
acres 4½ miles easterly from mile 25½ on Govt. Road and about
2 miles west of Moose Creek.
3/4/1915 Homestead Location Papers: E.N.Pond 40 acres,
8½ miles SW of Tyoonek Village and at north end of Traders Bay, Cook
Inlet and 3/4 miles west of Gov. Signal Tower on Granite Point.
Also applied for fish trap site on this property 3/20/1915 (Lee Van Slyke
3/6/1915 Bill of Sale: That
certain building and ground on which same is situated and which the
building is known as the Railroad Kitchen and which was originally the
Names Brothers Saloon building and which is located at the foot of Main
Street in Knik, opposite the Olympus Bar, is sold to J. M. Woods and I.
G. Brown for $500. Witness Frank Churchill and P. C. O'Donnell
3/13/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Fred Carter 320
acres for agricultural purposes laying north of Jewell homestead and
1/2 mile east of Matanuska Townsite Reserve.
Supposedly the E½ of Section 18 T17N R2E Seward Meridian
3/15/1915 Homestead Location Papers: W. T. Bartlett
beginning at post 1, thence west 160 rods north to post 2, thence east
160 rods to post 3, thence south 160 rods along beach to post 4, thence
160 rods to place of beginning on west side of Knik Arm and about 4 miles
from Goose Bay Cannery.
3/15/1915 Homestead Location Papers: E. E. Clayton beginning
at post 1, 80 rods south of Bartlett homestead, thence west 320 rods
to corner 2, thence south 160 rods to corner 3, thence east along the
beach to corner 4, thence along the beach to post 1, located on west side
of Knik Arm.
3/22/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Wm. A. Perry W½
of the NE¼ and E½ of the NW¼ Section 4 T17N R1E
and the SE¼ Section 33 T18N R1E Seward Meridian
Witness: M. Leckvold
3/23/1915 Building Site Claimed by Paul Hansen: Located
on 1st bench west of Knik Post Office.
3/23/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Oscar Anderson SE¼
of Section 35 T18N R1W and E½ of NE¼ of SE¼ Section
2 and NE¼ of SE¼ of Section 2 and NW¼ of NE¼
of Section 2 Seward Meridian.
3/24/1915 Residence Building Lot Claimed by Helen Brown:
Located 75' x 50', 500' west of Knik Post Office.
3/26/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Albert J. Bailes W½
of NW¼ Section 9, S½ of SW¼ Section 4, SE¼ Section
4, T18N R2E Seward Meridian.
3/29/1915 Homestead Location Papers: C. E. Carlton N½
Section 8 T18N R2E Seward Meridian.
3/31/1915 Mortgage in Knik: A building known generally as Mrs. Morrison's Roadhouse
and consisting of a building recently erected and buildings purchased
from Natives and remodeled which is on Main Street in the town of Knik
and almost opposite the Pioneer Hotel and between Cobb cabin and the
Simmonds cabin, for the price of $700. Seller is George W. Palmer,
Merchant of Knik. $700 plus 12% interest per annum is charged. If payment
is not made, Mortgagee may take possession of said property using all necessary
force to do so and may sell the building immediately. Witnesses: G. W.
Palmer and H. W. Wilmoth
4/2/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Nels E. Ofverberg
S½ Section 15 T18N R1E Seward Meridian.
4/3/1915 Homestead Location Papers : Fred Winter SW¼
of Section 19 T17N R2E Seward Meridian.
4/7/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Arthur Levine N½
Section 13 T18N R1E Seward Meridian.
4/7/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Oscar Hogberg S½
Section 13 T18N R1E Seward Meridian.
4/7/1915 Homestead Location Papers: John Erickson E½
Section 11 T18N R1E Seward Meridian.
4/7/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Axel Ostrom W½
Section 12 T18N R1E Seward Meridian.
4/8/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Axel Franson S½
Section 10 T18N R1E Seward Meridian.
4/8/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Swen Sandalin W½
Section 14 T18N R1E Seward Meridian.
4/13/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Chas Roslund E½
Section 14 T18N R1E Seward Meridian.
4/13/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Andrew Swenson N½
Section 15 T18N R1E Seward Meridian.
4/13/1915 Location of Wharf Site: I hereby
claim a piece of ground 45' on each side of this stake, up and down
Knik Arm and 90' back to Davis' Saloon for wharfage purposes. This piece
of ground takes in the beach between Herning's and Palmer's wharf. Signed
Hughes and Pedersen
4/23/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Albert Parmenter.
Unsurveyed land running north and south 1/2 mile and 1 mile east and
west. Situated above Palmer's Canyon on the
left limit of the Matanuska River.
4/24/1915 Homestead Location Papers: P. Lynch 320
unsurveyed acres running north and south 1/2 miles and 1 mile east and
west. Situated about 1/2 mile above Palmer's Canyon
on left limit of the Matanuska River. Witness: Albert Parmenter.
4/24/1915 O. G. Herning, I hereby claim 24' in
width between what is known as the West Annex of the K. T. Co.'s store
garden making a total width of 29' to be used as an entrance and public
road from meantide from Knik Trading Co.'s dock to the first business
street from the beach and with 6' additional width gangway from said dock.
4/24/1915 Homestead Location Papers: B. Killie S½
Section 29 T18N R1E Seward Meridian Witnesses: W. J. Bogard and John
4/25/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Robert Quinn W½
of SW¼ of Section 33 T18N R2E Seward Meridian
4/26/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Niels Norgaard NE¼
Section 32 E½ of SE¼ Section 32 W½ of SW¼
of Section 33 T18N R1E Seward Meridian.
4/26/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Thomas Curtin N½
of Section 23 T18N R1E Seward Meridian.
4/27/1915 Homestead Location Papers: J. A. Moore 320
acres W½ of supposed Section 9 R17N R2E Seward Meridian. Witness
4/28/1915 Homestead Location Papers: S. W. Vail E½
Section 14 T17N R1W Seward Meridian.
4/29/1915 Homestead Location Papers: J. F. Gay NE¼
of S½ of NW¼ and N½ of SW¼ Section 35 T18N
R1W Seward Meridian.
4/29/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Oliver W. Evans Located
at Goose Bay about ½ mile from shore. Post #1 being located at
the NW corner of Deep Sea Salmon Cannery site.
4/30/1915 Homestead Location Papers: R. F. Spicer 320 unsurveyed
acres on east side of Matanuska river about 1 mile east of the south end
of Palmer's Canyon. Witness: Arthur brown and
A. D. Brier
5/1/1915 Homestead Location Papers: J. A. Boden NE¼
and S½ of NW¼ and N½ of SW¼ Section 24 T17N
R1W Seward Meridian.
5/3/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Jas A. McLaughlin E½
Section 8 T17N R2E, Seward Meridian. This claim joins Chas Martin on
the south and Moore on the EAst. Witness: Chas. Martin
5/4/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Ed Erickson and S.
A. Marsh E½ Section 25 T18N R1E Seward Meridian
5/4/1915 Homestead Location Papers: B. W. Hoveland 320
unsurveyed acres S½ of Section 2 T18N R2E Seward Meridian
5/7/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Friedrich Ernst Roscher
E½ Section 26 T17N R2W Seward
5/11/1915 Fishing Rights Claimed:
"Little Evan", a Native member of the Susitna Tribe, claimed fishing rights
as accorded Natives or Indians of Alaska by the U.S., when the Territory
of Alaska was purchased from Russia. Fishing rights, 5,000' up and down stream
from this notice. "I, Little Evan, claim and have claimed said fishing grounds
and rights for a great many years, my father having claimed said rights
before me. The 1st time I stop and fish here was 25 years ago. I have smoke
house and my fish racks for smoking and curing fish at the place where this
notice is posted. (Lee Van Slyke U.S.Commissioner)
5/12/1915 Homestead Location Papers: J. W. Swank SE¼
of Sec 7 and SW¼ of Sec 8 T18N R1E Seward Meridian Witness: W.
5/14/1915 Homestead Location Papers: G. H. Saindon E
side of Matanuska River at a point known as Palmer's
5/14/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Fred Carlquist East
side of Matanuska River north of Palmer's Canyon.
5/16/1915 Homestead Location Papers (amended): E. L. Saindon W½
Section 8 T18N R2E Seward Meridian witnesses G. H. Saindon and
R. L. Phillips
5/24/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Dan Donovan E½
of Section 24 T17N R2W Seward Meridian
6/7/1915 Bill of Sale: Jack Sutherland, manager
of Cook Inlet Construction Co., Ship Creek, Alaska sold a tent building
for $100, known as Ship Creek Transportation building located on Main
Street Anchorage, to Hank O'Connell. Witnesses Chas Peters and J. M.
6/10/1915 Homestead Location Papers: C. H. Sharp 320
acres of land that lies on right side of the Matanuska river about 4½
miles above Palmer's Canyon and about
1/2 mile south of Wolverine Creek.
6/10/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Ed Houle located
4 miles from Knik in a SW direction on west shore of Knik Arm. Witness
6/11/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Alexander Allma SW¼
of Section 17 and the SE¼ of Section 18 T18N R2E Seward Meridian
6/12/1915 Homestead Location Papers: D. C. Mawhinney SE¼
of Section 2 and SW¼ of Section 1 T18N R2E Seward Meridian
6/12/1915 Homestead Location Papers: G. R. Matheson E½
of NW¼ Section 10 W½ of NE¼ Section 10 and SE¼
Section 3 T18N R2E Seward Meridian
6/14/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Mrs. U. D. Kilborn
320 acres starting at this notice thence 1/2 mile east; thence
1 mile north to NE corner; thence 1/2 mile west to NW corner; thence 1
mile sough to place of beginning. Supposed to be Section 18 T17N R2E and
joins the Matanuska Townsite Reserve. Witnesses
Charles Martin and Mrs. Geneva Hardy
6/14/1915 Homestead Location Papers: John Longworth, 160
acres SW¼ Section 30 T18N R2E Seward Meridian Witnesses Thos.
Curtin and Ed. Erickson
6/14/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Mrs. Geneva Hardy
This homestead lies south and joins Section 34 T17N R1E, known
as the Matanuska Townsite Reserve.
Witness: Charles Martin
6/19/1915 Homestead Location Papers: J. D. Ferguson W½
of Section 7 T17N R2E Seward Meridian
7/19/1915 Homestead Claimed: I. Blomqvist SE¼ of
SE¼ Section 1 T17N R2W and N½ of NE¼ of Section
12 T17N R2W and S½ of SW¼ Section 6 Township 17N R1W and
N½ of NW¼ Section 7 T17N R1W Seward Meridian
6/28/1915 Homestead Location Papers: John Kandare, 320
acres W½ Section 3 T16N R1E Seward Meridian, partly unsurveyed
and lays south of section 34 of the Matanuska Townsite Reserve.
Witnesses Charles Martin and Johnson Jones.
6/28/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Johnson Jones,
E½ Section 3 T16N R1E party unsurveyed and lying south of Section
34 of the Matanuska Townsite Reserve. Witnesses
Chas. Martin and John Kandare.
6/29/1915 Homestead Location Papers: William Roberts 320
acres commencing at NE corner and running 1 mile west, thence 1/2 mile
south, thence 1 mile east thence 1/2 mile north. Located 2 miles SE of
Palmer's Canyon on the Matanuska River.
7/11/1915 Homestead Location Papers: J. Bartels commencing
at state 1, about 1¼ miles from Fish Creek, southerly on Knik
Arm, thence 1 mile west, thence 1/2 mile north, thence 1 mile east to
shore of Knik Arm, then 1/2 mile south to place of beginning.
7/12/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Fred Carlson
E½ Section 5 T18N R2E Seward Meridian
7/17/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Axel Herman Johnson
NW¼ of Section 18, T17N R2E Seward Meridian. Witness: M. W. Kinsinger
7/21/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Henry J. Golightly,
NE¼ Section 1 and E½ of SE¼ Section 1 T18N R1E
and NW¼ of SW¼ and SW¼ of NW¼ Section 6 T18N
R2E Seward Meridian
7/30/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Robert Bloomfield Lothrop
commencing at post planted on west bank of Matanuska River on
south line of Section 6, T18N R3E, westerly 80 chains, thence southerly
40 chains, thence easterly 80 chains, back to Matanuska river, thence
following river back northerly to place of commencement.
8/9/1915 Homestead Location Papers: A. Church 320
acres, I the undersigned having secured the relinquishment of M. R. Hussey
of his homestead, do hereby locate the same as my homestead. 320 acres
of unsurveyed land N½ of Section 17 T17N R2E Seward Meridian. Witness:
8/16/1915 Homestead Location Papers: S. R. MacClinton 320
acres commencing at a post on the west bank of Matanuska River at junction
with Moose Creek thence up the Matanuska River 1/2 mile thence westerly
80 chains thence to Moose Creek to place of commencement.
9/4/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Mrs. Rose Johnson
SW¼ of Section 19 T17N R2E Seward Meridian
9/18/1915 Homestead Location Papers: John E. Schram
E½ of Section 33 T18N R2W Seward Meridian
9/18/1915 Homestead Location Papers: F. W. Nye W½
of Section 34 T18N R2W Seward Meridian
9/24/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Chas. Scheller
320 acres, E½ of NE¼ Section 9 and NW¼ of Section
10 and W½ of NE¼ Section 10 T17N R2E Seward Meridian
9/30/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Georg C. Perkins 320
acres six miles from Susitna Station on Knik Trail. Witness
Mr. and Mrs. J. Bartels (Lee Van Slyke U.S. Commissioner)
10/15/1915 Homestead Location Papers: F.D.Decker 320
acres near the mouth of the Little Susitna River on the right bank. Witnessed:
Edward Franklin, John A. Johnson (Lee Van Slyke U.S.Commissioner)
11/4/1915 Homestead Relinquished: Joseph Grimes
I do hereby relinquish this homestead filed for on 6/16/1915 which
is near mile 27 on the road from Knik to Willow Creek. It is impossible
for me to engage in farming at present. Witnesses Leopold David and
11/20/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Pat Crowe W½
Section 7 T17N R2E Seward Meridian
11/24/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Odin A. Olson, 80
acres W½ of the SW¼ of Section 33 T18N R2E Seward Meridian
Witness: Charles Martin
12/9/1915 Homestead Relinquishment Papers: John W. Blase,
E½ of Section 7 T17N R2E. The relinquishment is made without any
valuable consideration, but solely for the reason that I am unable at the
present time to comply with the homestead laws.
12/11/1915 Homestead Location Papers: W. P. Murphy E½
Section 7 T17N R2E Seward Meridian
12/24/1915 Homestead Location Papers: Albert J. Bailes N½
Section 9 T18N R2E Seward Meridian
12/27/1915 Homestead Claim Relinquished: J. H.
Mclaughlin E½ Section 8 T17N R2E Seward Meridian
12/27/1915 Homestead Location Papers: W. G. Stevens E½
Section 8 T17N R2E Seward Meridian
1/17/1916 Homestead Location Papers: G. H. Saindon W½
of Section 17 T17N R2E Seward Meridian
1/28/1916 Homestead Claimed: Jacob Keffeler E½
of NW¼ Section 10, W½ of NE¼ Section 10 and SE¼
of Section 3 T18N R2E Seward Meridian
2/5/1916 Homestead Location Papers: John Rupprecht, NE¼
Section 22, W½ of SE¼ Section 15, SE¼ of SE¼
Section 15 and NE¼ of NW¼ Section 22 T17N R2E Seward Meridian
6/3/1916 Fishing Rights: The Native Tribe of Talkeetna Indians claim all
fishing rights at mouth of Fish Creek, a tributary of Talkeetna River, said
creek being about 120' wide at the mouth. I claim exclusive right by being
in possession of same since a little boy and my father being in possession
during his life time also claims said fishing rihts in compliance with an
Act of Congress, which provides the Natives of Alaska shall not be distrubed
on their fishing grounds. I further give notice that the smoke house and
drying racks were placed on this ground by myself and that it is my intention
to build my cabin here and make it my home. Signed ALEX (x) his mark
(Lee Van Slyke U.S. Commissioner)
4/10/1916 Homestead Location Papers: R. S. Hecky, SE¼
of Section 5 T17N R2E Seward Meridian. Witnesses: Alvin Walter and E.A.
4/12/1916 Homestead Location Papers: Davis G. Browner
E½ Section 10 T18N R2E Seward Meridian. Witness: M. W. Brown
4/12/1916 Homestead Location Papers: E.G.Harlow 160
acres west bank of Susitna River, 12 miles north of Talkeetna Forks. (Lee
Van Slyke U.S.Commissoner)
3/18/1916 Homestead Location Papers: Fred Carlson
SE¼ Section 5, the SW¼ of Section 4 T18N R2E Seward
Meridian. Witness A. J. Bailes
4/24/1916 Homestead Location Papers: Fred Carlquist Starting
1/8 mile west of Commission Railroad in a westerly direction along river
bank 1/2 mile, then running in a northerly direction 1 mile, then easterly
1/2 mile then in a southerly direction to true point of beginning. Witnesses
O. E. Davis and M. J. Murford.
4/25/1916 Homestead Location Papers: Herbert Harkness,
N½ of Section 23 T18N R2E Seward Meridian. Witness J.H. Evans
5/1/1916 Homestead Location Papers: W. A. Shields, W½
of SE¼ Section 17 T18N R2E Seward Meridian. Witness J.H.Evans.
5/6/1916 Homestead Location Papers: Frank W. Reed located
and improved the piece of land (island) consisting of 80 acres on south
bank of the Knik river near the mouth.
5/16/1916 Bill of Sale: S.S.Cramer of Anchorage, sold,
for $1.00, to Mike Knutson of Anchorage, a 12 ton
scow known as "Burns", now situated at Anchorage and being registered
at Port Townsend, Washington official #165358, also 1 30x30 tarp, 2 15x15
tarps, 3 sets double blocks, 1 long 5/8" cotton line, 1 double jack, 1 4"
line, 1 dynamo, 1 switchboard, 1 storage battery, 1 rear start, 1 dingy and
30' galvanized chain. Witnesses: Carl Almy and Hugh S. O'Neill
5/24/1916 Homestead Location Papers: Sam Blowers, W½
Section 14, T18N R2E, Seward Meridian. Witnesses: George Winters and Arvid
5/25/1916 Homestead Location Papers: Frank L. White W½
of SW¼ Section 33 T18N R2E Seward Meridian
5/26/1916 Homestead Location Papers: Robert E. Martin NW¼
Section 26 T17N R2E Seward Meridian
5/26/1916 Homestead Location Papers: Harry Rohm,
NE¼ Section 27 T17N R2E Seward Meridian, Witness Robert E. Martin
6/2/1916 Homestead Location Papers: John Morris Jones SE¼
Section 14 and SW¼ of Section 13 in T18N R2E Seward Meridian
6/19/1916 Homestead Location Papers: W. G. Huseman
W½ Section 1 T17N R2E Seward Meridian
7/9/1916 Homestead Location Papers: W.T.Boyce 160
acres 2½ miles east from mouth of Montana Creek. Witness: C.M.Huff
(Lee Van Slyke U.S.Commissioner)
7/12/1916 Homestead Relinquished: Ira V. Miller
NW¼ Section 33 T18N R2E Seward Meridian
7/12/1916 Homestead Location Papers: August H. Carlson
NW¼ Section 33 T18N R2E Seward Meridian Witness: Ira V.
8/9/1916 Homestead Location Papers: Chas. Nelson W½
of the NW¼ of Section 2 and W½ of the SW¼ of Section
2 T18N R2E Seward Meridian Witnesses Geo Nordgren and William Johnson
8/30/1916 Homestead Location Papers: L. R. Moore M.D. SW¼
of Section 18 T18N R2E Seward Meridian Witness Norma E. Moore
9/1/1916 Quartz Location Papers: John Bugge American
Eagle Load Claim located 5 miles easterly from Matanuska river
north of Chickaloon, south side of what they call Coal Creek.
9/8/1916 Homestead Location Papers: E.W.Larson 320
acres 1½ miles from mouth of the Talkeetna River and 1 mile
east of Susitna River. Witness: L. Cox and Frank Wells (Lee Van Slyke U.S.Commissioner)
3/14/1917 Homestead Location Papers: Charles Barraud 80
acres, east side and mouth of the North Slough, sometimes called the High
Bank Slough of the Kahiltna River and about 60' east from a point where
the water of the Slough and the Yentna River meet at high water mark. Witness:
3/28/1918 Bill of Sale: Sold one horse, hay rake and 2-horse
mower, now situated on hay ranch near Eklutna, to A.A.Shonbeck of Anchorage
for $1.00. Witnesses: W.T.C.Smith and M.G.Shaw.
4/15/1918 Bill of Sale: R. Matheson sold his half interest
in a boat known as the "Cody" with half interest
in one Cayley engine that is in the Cody boat, anchors and interst in all
equipment and tools on said boat to J.E.Kenney for $150. Witnesses:
W.J.McLeod and Walter Bust.
5/6/1918 Bill of Sale: Freda Courtland of Wasilla sold,
to J.H.Lander, that cer tain building known as Courtland
Roadhouse, at mile 32 on road between Willow Creek and Knik for $150.
Witness: Oscar Tryck.
7/10/1918 Bill of Sale: Jerry C. Murphy of Anchorage sold to Chas.
E. Herron of Anchorage, certain property known as the ANCHORAGE DEMOCRAT, being a weekly newspaper published
at Anchorage, together with all the machinery, type, furniture, fixtures
and supplies on hand; paper and supplies above referred to situate in a building
at 430 G. Street Anchorage. Price of sale $1.00.
7/22/1918 Bill of Sale: Sherman A. Polley sold W.W.Busey
the gasoline launch known as the "Maxine", now
located at Anchorage. Said launch being about 31' long by 7' beam and powered
with a Perfection 8 HP engine, together with masts, furniture, apparel
and tackle for $300. Witnesses: Miss A. Nelson and Leopold David.
8/3/1918 Bill of Sale: We the undersigned, Trustees of
the Alaska Labor Union, do hereby sell to C.G.Bacon,
a piano of the said Union for $300 in payment of 2 months wages as Secretary
of said Union for the months of July and August 1918. Signed T.H.Jeter
and T.G.Berg. Witnesses: C.H.Packhard, Patrick Marion, James A. Wilkinson
and Axel Nelson.
8/17/1918 Homestead Location Papers: J.H.Lander, near
mile 32 on Knik-Willow Creek Road about 1/2 miles north of the mouth of
Fishhook Creek on the Little Susitna River (west bank). Witnesses: Robert
Stamp and Joseph Attix.
11/15/1921 Homestead Patent: Adam Werner Serial Patent
# 832506 320 acres NW¼ of NE¼ Sec. 20 and E½
of NE¼ Sec. 19 T18N R2E Seward Meridian.
7/25/1922 Land Sold: John Kasturin of Oregon sold to A.
J. Swanson, 160 acres for $500 SW¼ of Section
8 in T18N of R2E Seward Meridian
5/13/1929 Land Sold: M. D. Snodgrass of Matanuska
sold to P. N. Johnson of Matanuska 3½ acres for $150.
S½ of the SE¼ of Section 10, T17N R1E Seward Meridian
lying east of public road known as Matanuska Trunk
I decided to include the following 1934 estate record not only
because John Bodenberg was in the valley so early, but because I found
his homestead possessions very interesting.
8/27/1934 Estate of John Bodenberg sold to Victor G. Falk
$400 E½ of SW¼, SW¼ Section 14 and SE¼
of SE¼ Section 15 T17N R2
Items in Bodenberg's Estate:
1 potato digger
1 spading fork
1 #4 Polson sled
1 pr. double trees
1 pr. pulley blocks 150'
1 post hold digger
1 hand sled 1
roll bldg. paper 2 stoves
5 1x12 boards
2 logging chains 14 sacks
barley ¼ ton hay
1 ton rye grain
1/2 ton oats 1/2
ton oat straw 1 bureau
1 Coleman lantern
1 bakers scale 1 can
coffee gum boots
old shot gun
cooking utensils 3
hand saws 1
4 cross cut saws
1 saw set 1
saw clamp 2 squares
1 can hooks
2 wheel cart
1 pair skis
2 iron rakes
speed indicator shoe last
2 tool chests
600 egg incubator
100' 3/4" pipe 80' 1"
1 Ford engine
spike tooth harrow garden cultivator
16" walking plow
12" walking plow 6' binder
extra wagon bed
Administrator of Bodenberg Estate: Charles L. Kemp
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