1882-1953 Newspaper Extracts about Alaska
Captain Austin Eugene "Cap"
Lathrop, Alaska's foremost industrialist and wealthiest man,
died beneath the wheels of a loaded coal car yesterday, he was 84.
MISC. NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS
THAT GIVE US A LOOK AT EARLY
Extracted by Coleen Mielke
Miss Maggie J. Dunbar of Ft. Wrangell, wrote a letter saying old men and
young children were recently tortured to death for the alleged crime of
witchcraft. People ages 4 to 70 were tried by heathen tribunals and sentenced
to death. A family found guilty of being spiritual jigglers in league with
the devil, were taken out and tied to trees. The grandmother of the family
was tied to a large tree and left there to starve. After giving her salt
water to drink when she was thirsty, the demons around the tree finally hacked
her to death with knives. If a Native medicine man is called to a patient
and after treatment, the patient does not recover, the person that has been
nursing the sick is accused of witchcraft and tampering with the medicine
mans herbs and roots. The accused person is tied to a tree and fed only salt
water until they died.
Pittsburgh Daily Post
A Naval officer, Capt. Glass of the Jamestown, has just abolished slavery
in Alaska. Suppressing is the system which has existed among the Alaska
tribes of making slaves of prisoners of war or of hostages held for the payment
of claims for injuries. In one village, he found 17 persons of various ages
held or claimed as slaves, some by purchase, others by inheritance. They
were all released in the presence of their owners and given a certificate,
warning all the Indians not to injure or molest anyone formerly a slave,
under pain of severe punishment. He has sent letters to the tribes in Southeastern
Alaska directing the slaves to be set free at once.
Toronto Daily Mail
9/2/1882 Reno Evening Gazette Reno,
Dr. Sheldon Jackson states that
an Indian girl in one of the Alaska villages, accused of witchcraft,
was bound to a stake on the beach at low tide and would have
been drowned had not a white man rescued her.
12/29/1883 San Antonio Light
San Antonio, Texas
Professor Davidson received from Alaska,
today, the particulars of a volcano disturbance near the entrance
to Cook's Inlet on the morning of October 6th. The settlement
of fisherman on English Bay heard a heavy report and looking in
the direction of the sound, saw immense volumes of smoke and flame suddenly
burst forth from the summit of Mount Augustine. The sky became obscured
and a few hours after, great quantities of pumice dust began to fall,
some fine and smooth and some gritty.
At 3 o'clock the same day, an earthquake
wave 30' high came rushing over the hamlet, sweeping
away all the boats and deluging houses. The tide, at the time
being low, saved the town. This was followed by two other waves
Pumice ashes fell 5" deep, making the day
so dark that lamps had to be lighted. At night, the surrounding
country was illuminated by flames from the crater.
Simultaneously, with the eruption, was the
creation of a new island in the passage between Chernaboura
Island [St. Augustine] and the mainland 75' high and 1½
A hunting party at Kamishak Bay reported a
column of white vapor rising from the sea and the water was boiling,
making it impossible for boats to leave.
The violence of the volcano action was so
great that two extinct volcanoes on the peninsula of Alaska,
lying to the west of the active volcano of Iliamna, 1,200' high,
burst into activity, emitting immense volumes of smoke and dust
and flames, all visible at night.
9/17/1886 Daily Alta California
Alaska's first white child was born at Douglas Island
on 9/4/1886. The father is a miner named Meade.
11/15/1886 Reno Evening Gazette
A schooner which arrived from Kodiak,
Alaska yesterday, brought the body of Alaska Commercial
Co. agent B. G. McIntyre who, while seated at supper with several
other gentleman in the companies house, on the evening of November
1st, was instantly killed by a charge of slugs or buckshot fired
through an open window behind him. It is unknown who fired the shot.
11/20/1886 Daily Alta California
The remains of the late Benjamin G. McIntyre, formerly
general agent of the Alaska Commercial Co. who was murdered at Kodiak,
Alaska November 1st, were sent east yesterday by railroad, to his
home at Randolph, Vermont. The new agent, Mr. Washburn, was for several
years 2nd in command at Kodiak, will return from his wedding trip
to the East in time to leave for the North on Steamer Dora on the 27th
of this month.
11/24/1888 Daily Alta California
Louis Sharp, who killed W.H.Dingley and shot John O'Brien of Popoff Island,
Alaska, last July, will be removed at once to Sitka for trial on an order
made by the United States District Court.
8/29/1890 San Francisco Call San Francisco,
Steamer ARAGO from Oonalaska brings news of the killing
of George Hemmingway, agent of the Alaska Commercial Company at Unga
Island. The SS DORA was at Unga at the time and she brought
J.E.F.Clark to Oonalaska before the ARAGO left, charged with the murder
of the agent. Account of the murder was furnished by Captain hague of
the DORA. Clark was a former Alaska Commercial Company employee
at Unga, when he came to be paid, a dispute broke out between Clark and
Hemmingway. Hemmingway said that the Alaska Commercial Company had shorted
him $400; an inspection of the books said otherwise. An argument broke
out and Clark shot Hemmingway but said it was self defense after Hemmingway
pulled a gun on him. He will be tried for murder at Oonalaska.
5/20/1893 The Alaskan Sitka,
Stepan Naplugnack killed his wife Nastasia at Alachtalik,
in the Kodiak District. Nastasia's brother, Joseph In-kak testified
as a witness and said that Stepan beat Nastasia to death with the butt
of a gun. Testimony had to be translated from Aleut to Russian, and then
to English. Husband said he did not do it.
7/21/1894 Deseret News Salt Lake, Utah
Alaska authorities reported that an Alaska Indian doctor
is in jail, charged with condemning a Native woman with witchcraft
and ordering his villagers to beat her severely. After being tied up for
7 days, without food, she died.
8/6/1895 Oakland Tribune Oakland,
Six survivors of the lost sealing schooner,
White, which was lost last spring in Alaska, arrived today. All
of the survivors were horribly mutilated, having lost their toes,
fingers, arms and feet. They are on their way to San Francisco.
12/15/1895 San Francisco Call San Francisco, California
The steamer Al-Ki from Alaska, brings news of the conviction at Sitka of
the Indian known as "Three Finger Charley" for the murder 8 months ago of
a prospector named Johnson who killed an Indian during a drunken brawl.
Charley sought to avenge the death of his tribesman and murdered Johnson
in cold blood on 2/3/1895. This will be the 1st legal execution ever held
11/29/1896 Fort Wayne Gazette Fort
Professor L.L.Dycke of the University of Kansas, explored
Alaska in the summer of 1896. One of the people he met we described
as: Princess Tom, a famous Yakutat princess, wealthy beyond all other
Alaska Indians. On her right arm she wore five bracelets, each hammered
out of a gold $20 piece and on her left arm she wears ten bracelets,
each made from a $10 piece. She has 100's of blankets, sea otter skins,
etc., and owns a schooner and two sloops. She is 65 years old and just
married for the fifth time; a 20 year old man for whom she paid 500 blankets.
7/11/1897 San Francisco Call San Francisco,
The Alaska Commercial Company steamer ARCTIC has
been crushed by ice.
7/17/1897 Reno Evening Gazette Reno, Nevada
The steamer Portland arrived from Alaska
this morning, only to confirm the marvelous rich strikes made
in the Klondike District recently. Joe Goldsmith of Seattle,
a reliable man, reported that three men on Skookum Gulch, shoveled
out 85 pounds of gold dust in 7 hours.
2/3/1898 The Spokesman Review
N.A.Call of Worthington, Minnesota and W.A.Lee of Salem Massachusetts
were murdered by M.F.Tanner (also known as "Montana Cowboy"). Tanner
fell in with a group of rookie prospectors from Massachusetts. He had
no provisions or supplies, but offered his years of experience to the
group and in return they offered to outfit him. Once they were all at
Copper River, Tanner became overbearing and arrogant which didn't sit well
with the men from Massachusetts. The men decided to divide the group and
go their separate ways. Tanner overheard their conversation and became
angry and shot N.A.Call and W.A.Lee to death. The next morning, all 38
nearby prospectors (Valdez Pass) hung Tanner for his crime.
3/4/1898 Reno Evening Gazette Reno, Nevada
Two train loads of reindeer and laplanders
which have been brought from Norway by the U.S. Government
to be used in the expeditions to Alaska have arrived at Chicago.
There are 22 cars of reindeers, one car of sledges, eleven cars
of moss, two cooking cars and two tourist cars. There are 547 reindeer
and 118 people.
5/24/1898 Deseret News Salt
Two large snow slides on Valdez Glacier caught 100 people, killing
three: Joseph Furner of Chicago, B. Antwerp of Minneapolis and A. Johnson
of Eureka, California.
9/8/1898 New York Times New
News comes from Port Valdez, that the Copper
River Indians are reaping a harvest by gathering up outfits left
by prospectors. It costs the latter ten to twenty cents a pound
to get their food and clothing over the Valdez Glacier and up the
Copper River Valley. From one hundred to three hundred Klondikers,
becoming discouraged with their luckless attempts to find gold, finally
dropped their outfits anywhere and hurried back to Valdez.
News of this situation spread among the Indians,
who hastened forward from both sea coast and interior to enrich
themselves with a winter supply of provisions. Never before have
they enjoyed such luxury.
9/25/1898 San Francisco Call San Francisco,
News has been received here from Juneau, Alaska of the
drowning of W. Nutling of Michigan and W.H. Lockwood of California.
10/23/1898 and 10/24/1898 San Francisco Call
San Francisco, California
W.E.Bondy who has just returned from Sunrise City on Cooks
Inlet, tells a story of the wreck of a sloop about 4 weeks ago in
which it is probable that 9 persons lost their lives. A man named Chris
Johnson was the owner of the sloop. Frank Robinson and Johnson sailed
to Knik Arm where they took aboard 7 prospectors bound for Sunrise, the
party was never heard of again. A few days later, Johnson's dog appeared
at Sunrise, half dead with exhaustion and later part of the sloop and
another wreckage were picked up at Turnagain Arm. Names of the men drowned:
M. Walcott and Oliver Walcott of New York, Frank L. Robinson of Santa
Cruz, California, Kit Carson Payne of Portland, Oregon, A.M.Adams of
Bellvue, Pennsylvania, Louis F. Zimmer of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, J.M.
Bonner of Hope Church Pennsylvania, Mr. Scott of Scottsburg, Illinois
and Chris Johnson, owner of the sloop.
10/31/1898 San Francisco Call
San Francisco, California
Rudolph Neumann, general agent of the Alaska Commercial
Company, while inspecting the Sitka Mine at Unga, fell 209' to the
bottom of the mine and was instantly killed. His remains were brought
to San Francisco on the SS PORTLAND.
11/3/1898 Naugatuck Daily
News Naugatuck, Connecticut
Note from Coleen:
It is often written that prospecting in the Willow Creek area began
in 1898, however, this diary entry reports that mining started 3 years
before that: Article written
by Orville G. Herning says when he first encountered the gold mines
at Craigie Creek in the Willow Creek Mining District, they encountered two Mexicans who had been mining
"on the quiet" for three years; the other's
that they encountered were Capt. Andrews, J.N.Johnston and E.Brainard.
11/12/1898 Reno Evening Gazette
A missionary, from south east Alaska,
describes a strange custom among the Indians of that region:
when there is a difference between two of them and a friendly
settlement seems impossible, one of them threatens the other
with dishonor by tearing up a certain number of blankets. The
only way his antagonist can get even with him is by tearing up a greater
number of his own blankets. If the contest is prolonged, it results
in the destruction of all the blankets they have. The one who destroys
the greater number of blankets is regarded to have won the fight.
3/1/1899 Reno Evening Gazette Reno, Nevada
A letter written by a hunter-trader on
Nunivak Island, 100 miles from the mouth of the Kuskokwim
describes the fate of 18 people aboard the SS Jesse and the
barge Minerva. According to the hunter (Marsten), his wife, who
is an Indian woman, visited her family located at the mouth of
the Kuskokwim shortly after the wreck of the SS Jesse. While
there, she attended a feast given by the Indians who got drunk on
home made liquor. The drunken Indians started quarreling over the
items they had taken from the shipwrecked crew. She became suspicious
when she saw valuable possessions such as articles of clothing, watches,
breech loading rifles and an abundance of provisions.
The woman asked her grandmother, an aged
squaw, about the items in question and she was told that
when the SS Jesse and the barge Minerva wrecked near the shore,
the Indians assisted in saving the whites and the cargo aboard
the barge. Once safely on shore, the white men set up camp and
the Indians demanded pay for their assistance. The whites
offered a reasonable amount which did not satisfy the Indians.
The old woman told her granddaughter
that the Indians had a meeting and decided to kill the white
men and take their possessions. The next night, while the white
men were asleep, the Indians came to their camp and killed all
18 of them. They took the bodies out to see in their canoes and threw
Nothing was known about the fate of the
18 prospectors for nearly a month after the wreck until several
of the bodies washed back on shore, badly decomposed. When
that happened, the Indians reported that the SS Jesse and the
Minerva had wrecked and all hands were lost.
Report was made to the agent of the Alaska
Commercial Co. who visited the scene and identified the
bodies of Capt. Murphy and Rev. Webber, a Moravian missionary
who, with his wife and children, joined the expedition at Dutch
Harbor (they were going to establish a mission among the native
people who murdered them). The Kuskokwim Indians threaten to stop
the whites from prospecting in the Kuskokwim country as they claim
it is their hunting and fishing reserve.
5/19/1899 San Francisco Call San Francisco,
The steamer BERTHA grew too small for the Alaska Commercial
Company, so it has been enlarged and remodeled. She was cut in two
and lengthened over 50' and now she can carry 1,000 tons of freight
and has accommodations for 96 cabin passengers and 100 in steerage.
7/7/1899 Reno Gazette Reno, Nevada
Word comes from Dawson that parties arriving
there over the Edmonton route, report a sad state of affairs
on the Wind River, a branch of the Peel. About 75 prospectors,
who are wintering there, are invaded by scurvy. Fifteen or twenty
are re ported to have died from the effects of the disease.
7/15/1899 Sandusky Star Sandusky, Ohio
J. Homer Bird of New Orleans is now a prisoner
in the military barracks at St. Michaels, Alaska, charged with the
murder of J. H. Herning and R. H. Patterson. Charles Sheffler and
a woman named Noma Strong are held under $5,000 bonds as witnesses.
The entire party came from New Orleans. They were wintering at
a coal mine about 185 miles this side of Anvik. They quarreled over supplies
and it is claimed that Bird shot and killed Herning and Patterson.
7/17/1899 Los Angeles Herald California
The schooner Siglin from Cooks Inlet, Alaska brings news
of the drowning of 7 men at Turnagain Arm in early June. The names
of only 5 of them are known as follows: A.B.Johnson of Illinois, Louis
Peterson of Chicago, _____ Porter of California, _______ Huthenson
of Illinois. They were crossing the arm in a small boat which overturned
by a big tidal wave.
8/9/1900 San Francisco Call
San Francisco, California
William Rufus "Brick" Wheaton, died of pneumonia at Nome.
He was the Nome Alaska Commercial Company agent. He was the son of
George H. Weaton and was age 28. He had also worked for the Alaska
Commercial Company at St. Michael, Circle City and Dawson. His body was
sent back to California.
9/7/1900 Standard Ogden, Utah
The bark MEROM of San Francisco, owned by Alaska Packers Association,
was driven ashore during a gale and totally wrecked on Kodiak Island.
A crew member called "Dutch Bill" remained on the vessel and went down
1/30/1901 Nome Gold Digger Nome, Alaska
Dr. Pelton, one of the best reknown, most esteemed young pioneers
of Alaska was found frozen on the trail in a terrible blizzard on
the trail between Spruce Creek and Soloman. His body was brought back
to Nome. His family was from Oakland, California and he came to Alaska
when he was 32 years old. Also missing in that same storm is Dan Anderson
who left Dexter for Nome 4 weeks ago and has not been heard of since.
Dr. W. F. Baum also froze to death while carrying medical
assistance to a sick man on Quick River. The doctor was prospecting
on the Tibulatuq River when he was asked to help the sick man. On
his way, he was caught in a storm. After 2-3 days, 2 of his dogs returned
to camp which alarmed his friends. A team of Indians were sent to
find the doctor. They followed his trail for 10 miles out on the ice,
then 40 miles along the coast. They found his remains 50 miles below
Chinik. The doctor was from Mobile, Alabama and saw service in the Cuban
war. U.S. Marshal McLean confirmed that R.C. White, R. Redman
and Alexander Stowe froze to death as well as Dr. Tam and 2 unknown men
who froze to death near Mary's Igloo.
4/22/1901 Reno Gazette Reno,
According to reports from the north
by the SS Cottage City, 80 cases of smallpox have been reported
in the Sitka Indian Village. Indians are stampeding in
all directions, in canoes, and it is feared they will carry the
disease to other villages. Sitka has been placed under quarantine
and guards have been placed at all places of entrance and exit.
5/12/1901 The Spokesman Review
Smallpox epidemic at Skagway. Indians driven out of the city and
a strong guard placed around the town to prevent their return.
7/27/1901 Reno Gazette Reno,
The chief census gent for Alaska, McKenzie,
describes taking the census in the Fairbanks District. He
assures that the Indians do measure time by the "snows" and "suns"
and distance by "sleeps". They have no other standards of
time or measurement, said McKenzie. All births, marriages, separations
and deaths are based on such calculations.
An Indian buck told McKenzie he had lived
for 200 snows. After much talk and use of sign language, it
was determined that he was about 80 years old. He told
McKenzie he was "20 snows when he got his first woman and keep
her for 4 snows when she got away; then got more woman and keep her
5 snows and she die; got no more woman for 28 snows more; got young
chicken and keep her all time, even now, 25-30 snows."
Many of the Indians know a sufficient number
of English words to do business with the white man but when
it was determined that they were to be counted by the government,
they closed their mouths.
As a class, they are indolent, lazy and
dirty, although in recent years, the teachers have taught the
younger ones that dirt has been the cause of much illness and
the present generation is keeping themselves healthier by bathing.
They spend their winters in hunting and
their summers in fishing. Moose and caribou hides are
brought to traders and exchanged for food and clothing but seldom
money. Out of these hides, they make moccasins, gloves, mittens
and curious which they also trade.
7/31/1901 Boston Evening Transcript
Three miners from Butte Montana were prospecting on Unimak
Island. They were shot and killed by a group of Indians who had also
stolen their supplies. Killed was Con Sullivan, Florence and Edward
9/4/1901 Pittsburgh Press
Gregore Yesthenoff an Indian of Unimak Island was indicted by
a special Grand Jury at Unalaska for the murder of his three wives. The
crime was committed 35 miles from Unalaska. The women were found lying
on the seashore at the foot of a high cliff. The accused had apparently
beaten them to death with stones, but he claimed they fell from the cliff
while berry picking. One Native witness claimed to have seen the murders
12/4/1901 The Newark Advocate
On the coast of Alaska, near Cook Inlet, is
a large island which has had trouble with its spelling, trouble
with its pronunciation.
The spelling now adopted by the U.S. Board of
Geographic Names, is Kodiak (pronounced Ko-di-ak), this being
a reversal of the decision Kadiak made by the same Board about ten
years ago. The universal local usage, as to this name, is Kodiak.
Such, also, is this widely extended and firmly established usage,
which has led the Board to discard an alleged "correct" form and adopt
an alleged "corrupt" form which local usage has firmly established.
10/16/1902 San Francisco Chronicle
Prisoners transferred from McNeil Island Prison to San Quentin Prison:
Gladys Shores sentenced 5 years for larceny in Alaska, James Carroll
sentenced 20 years for murder in Alaska, Day Jan Gun sentenced to 30
years for murder in Alaska, Thomas Dolan sentenced to 15 years for robbery
in Alaska, Harry Ownes sentenced to 25 years for murder in Alaska and
Bruce Kenweigs sentenced to 15 years for manslaughter in Alaska.
1/5/1903 Los Angeles Harold
Los Angeles, California
U.S.Marshal Shoup arrived from Juneau with three Hoonah,
Alaska Indians, each sentenced to 4 years at McNeil Island for causing
the death of Isaac, an Indian. They kept Isaac tied to a tree
for 8 days; the exposure and hunger resulted in his death.
The Newark Advocate (Newark, Ohio)
A gruesome case of cannibalism, growing out
of superstition has come to light and has been authenticated
Indians on the Koyukuk River, attacked John N.
Coy, a prospector and his partner, whose name is unknown. The
latter was killed and Coy was wounded but escaped. One of the Indians
stripped the body of the murdered man and cut off the arms and
legs. He then built a fire, cooked the limbs and devoured part
of the flesh.
The Indian went down river to Nulato where he
was arrested by Marshal Robert Warren and taken before Commissioner
Busch. He made a full confession and said: "White man spirit no
can catch me now." Later, he committed suicide in jail. Marshal
Warren is investigating the matter further and expects to arrest
the other Indians implicated.
11/5/1903 Valdez Prospector
An old man named Joe Moore prospecting on Red River Beach diggings
with plans to take enough supplies to last all winter, left Kodiak in
a dory. He made landing near Cape Karluk where he encountered 3 Natives
camping in a barabara. They seized him and bound his hands and feet, then
unloaded his dory, taking everything. They then put the helpless old man
in the dory and set it adrift, firing a few shots into the dory in an effort
to sink it. The old man drifted seaward and surely would have perished,
but people at Karluk saw the dory adrift and went to investigate it. They
took Joe Moore back to Karluk. The guilty Natives are all illiterate, but
not uncivilized. They are members of the Russian church and one belongs to
the temperance society.
8/11/1906 Fairbanks Daily
L. L. Bales confirms the report
that a new volcanic island has appeared in the Bering Sea
since last March. He sailed close to the island in a fishing
schooner. He describes it as about 3 miles long and 900' high,
with a crater in the center that is still discharging lava into
the sea. Thousands of dead fish float in the sea around the island
which lies about 50 miles west of Dutch Harbor.
8/19/1906 Fairbanks Daily Times
Oscar Tackstrom hopes to improve the
winter mail service between Fairbanks and Valdez. "With
fresh horses every 20 miles, the best ribbon handlers, stock
and equipment, we expect to make the distance in six days by next
year" said Tackstrom. His equipment, sleighs, coaches, harness'
and stock will arrive on the SS Tanana. The whole system will be similar
to the White Pass and Yukon Service in Yukon and will make two trips
8/19/1906 Fairbanks Daily
Deputy Marshal Dillow, in charge
of a number of prisoners who had been held in various
district jails pending trial, arrived on the Tanana yesterday.
The prisoners were: Charles Teague, held for gold robbery;
Chris Hansen charged with assault; M. E. Bondixon held for perjury;
Adam Aren held for larceny; "Moose Mary" Salinger held for arson
and James Kelly held for attempted adultery.
8/22/1906 Fairbanks Daily Times
H. C. Henry, C. J. Smith, Frederick
Brunbridge and Miles C. Moore of Washington have incorporated
a new railroad company to operate in Alaska. It will be called
the Bering Sea and Copper River Railway. Katella will be the coast
terminus and base of operations.
8/22/1906 Fairbanks Daily Times
Alaska Indians, who since the strike
of the Sailors Union and the subsequent lockout of all
union sailors by the United Shipping and Transportation Association
of San Francisco, have been employed on passenger and freight
vessels of the Pacific Coast Co., have made the best kind of sailors
according to company officials.
Ever since the strike began, the company
has been troubled in its efforts to secure good, sober, industrious
sailors. The Alaska natives have supplied that need. The
first Indians to be employed on vessels for the company,
were on the Alaska steamers. They were a success and now they are
manning its Seattle -- San Francisco steamers. The company
plans to man all their vessels with the Alaska Indians if the
strike and lockout does not end.
One of the most attractive features
of the Alaska Indians, as a sailor, is that he is not addicted
to liquor and he looks upon being employed with great pride.
The Alaska Indian is no ignoramus. He knows the tricks of the sea,
having traveled in small canoes where large steamers fear to navigate.
8/22/1906 Fairbanks Daily Times
The Pioneer Hotel in Fairbanks was
built in 1903 with 22 rooms full of sourdough furniture,
but recently enlarged. The hotel is now two stories tall with
an 18' x 120 foot addition, allowing 54 rooms furnished with modern
8/27/1906 Fairbanks Daily Times
Mrs. Condon of Dome Creek has the honor
of picking up the largest nugget yet found on that stream.
She was standing near the dump box, yesterday, when the man
forking out the tailings threw out something that hit with such
a thud that it attracted her attention.
Mrs. Condon, who would rather, by far,
pick up a nugget than attend a pink tea, hiked around the
dump until she picked up the big gold piece. When weighed it
was found to be worth $180.06*. It is somewhat flat in shape and
is as large as the palm of ones hand and very rough. (price of gold
in 1906 was $18.90 an ounce)
8/27/1906 Fairbanks Daily Times
Winter road from Fairbanks to Valdez
being rushed to completion. Major Richardson has returned
from a a trip over the roads to Cleary Creek. He says that while
the commission cannot build a road everywhere one is wanted,
he is doing his best to get them to places needing them the most.
He is well pleased with Mr. Zug and Mr. McClure's work.
8/31/1906 Fairbanks Daily Times
It was Native day at St. Matthew's
Church yesterday and Rev. Betticher was a very proud minister.
"Big John" and "Annie" and "Titus" and "Sabie" had come from
their hunting grounds, far up the Big Chena to have their children
baptized. There was much Chena spoken. The Indians looked
upon the affair with as much solemnity as the white christian.
"Susie" was the name given to heir
apparent to "Big John's" house and "Robert" will be the
first name of the coming heir to the "Titus" estate. Rev.
Betticher christened the boy after a classmate at college, named
Rev. Robert McFedridge of Philadelphia. Rev. Betticher says
that the Indians are very strict in their observance of the baptismal
ceremony and every child is brought to him when of the proper age.
8/31/1906 Fairbanks Daily
Judson E. Lathrop who made a
fortune in the Klondike and is well known in Alaska,
returned to his home yesterday afternoon. He had been away 14
years and his wife, supposing him dead, had remarried 11 years
ago. Lathrop found that his parents were dead. His two
daughters, now grown, welcomed him home. His wife prefers to live
with her present husband. When Lathrop left home 14 years ago,
he was drunk and didn't tell anyone what his plans were.
2/8/1907 Levonworth Post
Gilbert Marks of Alaska, prisoner at McNeil Island Prison died 2/8/1907.
He will be buried in prison cemetery.
10/17/1907 Alaska Prospector News
Paul Imach and Joseph Fische are assumed to be drowned from
a small boat near southeast corner of Latouche Island 9/15/1907. The
men were quarreling and nearly capsized their boat when passing
the camp of the Seattle Alaska Mining Co. Their own camp was 3 miles
farther north. Ten days later, their camp was found deserted with moldy
provisions, showing that no one had been there for many days.
11/13/1909 Los Angeles Harold California
Ralph Williams, a prominent mining man of Alaska was
acquitted today of the murder of Frank Dunn, formerly a roadhouse
keeper at Susitna Station. Williams pleaded self defense. The
tragedy took place last winter. Williams had just arrived at Susitna
from his mining property up river and became involved in trouble with
Dunn and after a struggle, Williams shot and killed Dunn. At the
time of his death, Dunn was under indictment for participating in what
is known as the Lake Creek hanging.
12/15/1907 Press Democrat
J. W. MacNamara, at one time prominent in the northwest, was brought down
from Alaska and taken to Federal Prison on McNeil Island today to serve
a 15 year term for the murder of A. Carpenter, a hotel keeper in Cordova,
2/10/1910 Spokane Daily Chronicle
Three Nome merchants, traveling from Nome to Fairbanks and
Valdez on snowshoes and by stage, report that the winter in the north
is the severest ever known. They left Nome 12/7 and encountered continuous
bad weather and temperatures of 70 degrees below zero.
On the Valdez trail, they reached Miller's Roadhouse just
before the climax of the storm, where they found 4 dead people laid
out: Joe King, and old miner, frozen to death; Mrs. H. A. Rockefeller,
a middle aged woman well known in Nevada who died of a heart condition
on the stage due to the cold; an old man named Taylor, frozen to death
and Mrs. Miller, proprietress of the Roadhouse, who had succumbed to pneumonia.
Also found frozen to death was a man named Franz Giebel who froze
to death while driving toward Valdez with a one horse outfit. Also reported
that August Anderson froze to death on the trail between Chitina and Copper
6/26/1910 San Francisco Call San Francisco, California
Seven men are believed to have been lost in a storm
that swept Cook Inlet wednesday night, according to a report received
here today from U.S.Commissioner Hildreth of the Knik Precinct in Cook
Inlet. The men, among them, were Joseph Laubner, a prominent citizen
of Seward City; F.R. Stewart, founder of Stewart City, B.C.; William
Perkins and John Winter, names of the other three men are not
known. They had set out in a dory from Kern Creek to cross the Inlet
and had not been out long before a terrific storm came up. It was thought
that the men might have taken refuge on Fire Island, half way across the
Inlet, but searchers have been unable to find any trace of them.
9/11/1910 Oakland Tribune
Three men were shot in Franks Roadhouse at Knik
on an arm of Cook Inlet yesterday. Sam Reinhart was killed,
Ira Isaacs seriously wounded and Bert Stewart shot in both legs.
A letter from a Knik resident to U.S. Commissioner Hildreth of
the Knik Recording District, now in Seward, recommends the holding
of Thomas Babcock and R.L. Miller, eye witnesses, and Edward Reinhard,
brother of the man who was killed.
10/15/1910 San Francisco Call California
B. Smith, a wealthy druggist of Norwich Connecticut,
who came to Alaska to hunt big game, and Alfred Lowell, eldest son
of one of the founders of Seward were drowned in Lake Kenai, Kenai Peninsula
on October 11th while returning from a moose hunt. With William Walker,
a guide, they were crossing the lake in a dory and encountered a storm.
Waves swamped the boat. The men were only 150' from shore, but Smith
and Lowell could not swim and were helpless. The guide managed to
reach the shore. The bodies of the drowned men were recovered.
12/3/1910 Reno Evening Gazette
John Borbridge, 10 year old half-breed son
of "Cordwood Jim" Borbridge, killed his grandmother with a hatchet
at Douglas today. The boy had been severely scolded by his mother
and flew into a passion. The grandmother tried to quiet him, whereupon
the enraged boy seized the hatchet and attacked her, striking her
three times on the head and killing her instantly. The boy was arrested.
12/8/1910 Reno Evening Gazette Reno,
Men just arrived from Alaska and said that
prices of food in the Iditarod country would be prohibitive
but for the big wages paid to miners. Sugar is 20 cents a pound.
Horses are in great demand and $5 per hour is the price of a team.
Any first class sledge dog will bring $100. There is a constant stream
of travel between Iditarod and the Kuskokwim. Half a ton of gold is
on the way to Seattle, shipped on dog sledges by Iditarod bankers.
George W. Palmer, merchant
of Knik, has 400 sacks of coal piled up in front of his store. The coal was
washed down the Matanuska river and carried across the Arm and deposited
on the Ship Creek side.
4/17/1911 San Francisco Call San Francisco, California
Martin L. Washburn, vice president and general manager
of the Northern Commercial Company and the Northern Navigation Company
and superintendent of the Alaska Commercial Company, died last Thursday
after 32 years working for the company (went to Alaska in 1885, moved
out of Alaska 1905). Survived by Lettie C. Washburn
5/3/1911 San Fracisco Call San Francisco, California
Selina Dowling, age 17, reputed to be the most beautiful
half breed girl in Alaska, was acquitted today of the charge of murdering
her mother, an Indian woman at Douglas. The mother died in agony after
eating candlefish brought to her home by John Harris, an Indian suitor
for Selina's hand, of whom the mother did not approve.
Valdez schools closed due
to measles epidemic.
5/21/1911 Fairbanks Daily Times
Josh Wilson, known to all old timers
as "Whiskers" Wilson, who came to Alaska in 1886, died
at the Sisters Hospital in Juneau recently. Wilson
had asthma for years, which was directly responsible for his
death. The deceased was a member of the 1887 Pioneers and also
a veteran of the Civil War.
8/8/1911 Fairbanks Daily Times
George W. Palmer, a well known
Knik merchant, has returned from a trip to the States
and brings with him the first hay reaper for this district. He
also ordered a large shipment of plows and other agricultural
implements for the use of the farmers of the Knik country. There
are 40 homestead entries in this section, recognized as the
most desirable for agricultural purposes in Alaska.
8/8/1911 Fairbanks Daily Times
Seward to Iditarod road
work progress is in good shape under Supt. W. L. Goodwin. The
Moorehouse crew is working at a point on Eagle River,
coming towards Seward. The Kinney crew is in the
region of Skwentna, working towards the Kuskokwim crew and the
Giddings crew is working out from Iditarod to meet the Kinney
Supt. Goodwin marked out the
road from Old Knik to Crow Creek Summit. The road
will follow an entirely new course, free from the danger of snow
slides. The road is adapted to horse travel in summer or
winter and is at least 6' wide. The road will follow Eagle
River to Raven Creek and follow that stream, which leads to the
Crow Creek Pass Summit.
8/8/1911 Fairbanks Daily
Gus Norton mistook a bottle
of carbolic acid for Jamaica Ginger and died in terrible
agony on 6/19/1911. He was the boss fisherman for the
Columbia River Packers Association at Chignik.
9/14/1911 Fairbanks Daily
There are now 65 Indians
quarantined in the detention camp on the Porcupine River, according
to reports brought yesterday by passengers arriving from
the Yukon River. Thomas Riggs Jr. is in charge of the situation
and says he has all of the cases of small pox corralled and there
is no danger of epidemic in that region.
11/1/1911 Lawrence Daily Journal
Full blooded Eskimo first to be imprisoned at Levonworth Prison.
Carrie Sang Sing is on her way to Lansing to serve two years for stabbing
a man while she was drunk. She is the wife of a Chinaman in Nome, Alaska.
Carrie's mother died at McNeil Island Prison in 1910. Her father also
spent time at McNeil Island Prison, his name is Ablaruk. Carrie, mother
and father were all arrested for assault with deadly weapon.
Knik, on the north side of Knik Arm (easterly Arm of Cooks Inlet),
150 miles north of Seward). In summer, knik can be reached by boat from Seldovia
in 8 hours or by train from Seward to mile 70, then to Knik by launch 8 hours.
In the winter, by trail from Seward aboaut five to six days. There are about
60 ranchers and homesteaders within 10 miles of Knik that raise garden truck
and vegetables such as potatoes, cabbage, radishes, rutabagas, turnips, etc.
While over 500 tons of native hay are put up every season to feed 50+ horses
that are wintered at Knik.
11/12/1912 Charlotte News North Carolina
More than 4,000 buffalo overcoats which were worn by the troops
in the Indian campaigns before 1891, were preserved by the government. They
will be used by the Alaska soldiers. Last year, 300 of the coats were sold
for the average price of $34, but the Quartermaster General Aleshire of
the Army recommended that no more be sold.
2/23/1913 Fairbanks Daily
Judge Lyons sent a man to jail
in Valdez for living with a native woman without going
through the formality of marriage. He says that such actions
must and will not be tolerated under his jurisdiction.
4/7/1913 Tacoma Times
George Edward Adams was sent to McNeil Island Prison for robbing
Alaska miners of $200,000 and counterfeiting.
4/27/1913 Fairbanks Sunday Times
When Percy Reid, the Yukon recorder
was called upon to record Skookum Jim's claims near Teslin
Lake, he asked Jim about the country and received the reply:
"The water tastes like gold, the gravel looks like gold and the
whole country looks good to me".
4/27/1913 Fairbanks Sunday
A considerable quantity of reindeer
meat which had been stored in an old shaft near Nome, by natives,
was rendered unfit for consumption during the early spring
by warm weather, despite the fact that the meat was cached more
than 50' below the surface of the ground.
10/30/1913 Reno Evening Gazette Reno, Nevada
The steamer General Hubbard, chartered from a lumber company,
is on the from San Francisco to Seattle to take 300 head of horses
and nearly 300 tons of supplies to be landed at Knik, Cook Inlet,
Alaska. The horses will be used to haul 800,000 tons of coal mined
last year by the government, to Knik It is understood the whole
winter will be occupied with hauling the coal out. Partial tests of
the coal already made, give little doubt of its high quality.
11/11/1913 Fairbanks Daily Times Fairbanks,
Captain Neilson of the schooner T.C.Hill, says there is
a large deposit of coal on Cooks Inlet. The Captain believes that
the coal from Knik Ledge can be made available with very little effort.
A San Francisco newspaper reported that Neilson, who had just arrived
in San Francisco from Alaska, claims that there is a large deposit
of high grade anthracite coal in the Cook Inlet country which is better
quality and more accessible than either the Bering River or the Matanuska
coal. Capt. Neilson says that the coal is located on the Knik River
within easy reach of deep water, the location being ideal both for mining
and shipping. He has visited the coal himself and sampled some of
the coal which he found to be of excellent quality.
11/12/1913 Fairbanks Daily Times
Word arrived that the SS Dora reports
an epidemic of measles spreading rapidly among coastal
natives and it is feared many will die unless medical attendance
is provided immediately. The SS Dora reports 110 cases of
measles in Afognak, 110 cases in Kenai and 25 at Seldovia. The
Government has made arrangements to take care of the sick natives,
but thus far the majority of the cases are unattended.
11/27/1913 Fairbanks Daily
Deputy Marshal Carl Armstrong has
wired Marshal Brenneman that 10 more deaths have occurred
recently at Afognak from the measles and that every family
(but his own and one other) reports one or more cases. A
total of 20 have died from the measles in Afognak and over 100
others in other villages in the southwest. The Revenue Cutter
Manning has not yet arrived with doctors and medical supplies.
Trouble between Jack Dalton,
contractor, who is hauling out the Matanuska coal and John Swift, the government
agent in charge of the work. Actions of John Swift were under great criticism.
Trouble came to a head a few days ago when Jack Dalton, who had the contract
to land the coal from Chickaloon to saltwater, grew weary of the petty hinderances
that have been placed in his way by Swift. After words were exchanged, Dalton
knocked Swift down and would have administered a good threshing to the government
agent but for the interference of bystanders. Swift had Dalton arrested and
a minimum fine of $5 plus admonition.
1/11/1914 Fairbanks Daily Times
For the quarter ending 12/31/1913,
the Board of Health shows 65 cases of mumps, one case
of erysipelas and one case of typhoid fever at Fairbanks.
2/1/1914 Fairbanks Sunday Times
The trial marriages among the natives
of Alaska, under the ancient tribal customs, works out better
than the modern system, is the opinion of Commander Ballinger
of the Revenue Cutter Bear. In his annual report to the department,
he recommends that either proper facilities for obtaining divorces
in Alaska should be provided, or greater precaution should be
taken in marrying the native under the Alaska code.
2/8/1914 Alaska Sunday Times
Since New Years, Sitka, Alaska's former
capitol has taken on a metropolitan air, as the town is
now lighted by electricity.
3/1/1914 Fairbanks Daily Times
A stone carving, representing
a man in a sitting posture, was found by Charles Ulanky,
a homesteader, while plowing on his land in the vicinity
of Fish River on Knik Arm. The carving appears in a rounded
boulder, flattened on the bottom and shows a fine piece of handwork
of the medieval age.
3/1/1914 Fairbanks Daily
The quarantine at Seldovia has
been raised, the epidemic of measles having run its course.
There were 146 cases of measles, six of which proved
fatal. Mrs. I Gilman, the Government teacher, took charge
and did all she could to aid the unfortunate victims.
Seward has a new weekly paper,
the Seward Tribune, owned by T. R. Needham, a pioneer Alaskan
newspaperman. The Tribune made its initial appearance
May 9th, having been delayed somewhat, awaiting the arrival
of the plant from the States.
Schwatka, the Indian guide who
found fame for piloting Lieutenant Schwatka over the Chilkoot
Pass and down the Yukon in the early 1880's, died at Haines
recently. Schwatka claimed the name of Lieutenant Schwatka
ever since the memorable trip as he was not paid for his services.
4/11/1915 Fairbanks Daily Times
Nome is the northern metropolis
of Alaska and the distributing point for all of Seward
Peninsula and sends many supplies to Siberia and the Arctic.
It's population is about 2,000 in the winter and about
5,000 in the summers. The Federal court house in Nome is one
of the finest Government buildings in Alaska and cost approximately
Home grown potatoes, the best
in the world, are selling at Knik for $3.50 per 100 pounds.
Early Ohio's, Gold Coin and Matanuska's are among the
the varieties offered.
4/23/1915 Fairbanks Daily
The prominence given Ship Creek
by the decision of the President to begin railroad construction
at that point has disclosed the fact that the place is known
by three names. Alaskan's know it as Ship Creek; the coast
survey bulletin calls it Woodrow Creek and the Post Office Department
insists that the right name is Anchorage.
5/2/1915 Fairbanks Daily Times
Kenai has 90 children and no
school in prospect until September.
5/3/1915 Fairbanks Daily
T. R. Needham has completed
negotiations for founding a newspaper at Knik, to be
known as the Cook Inlet Pioneer. Mr. Needham is a sourdough
editor. He went into Alaska in 1894 as an associate editor
of the Juneau Searchlight.
5/9/1915 Fairbanks Daily
The Cook Inlet Pioneer is the
name of a newspaper to be launched, at Knik, by T. R.
5/9/1915 Fairbanks Daily Times
The Whitehorse health officer has notified
the people that they are not to throw out dish water, as
it makes places for flies.
5/9/1915 Fairbanks Daily Times
The body of Louis Schonborn,
the Chisana storekeeper who was murdered last January,
was recently laid to rest in the cemetery at Puyallup, Washington.
5/9/1915 Fairbanks Daily
Now that Seward is about to sell
its railroad to the government, dog teams are now offered
at any price.
5/11/1915 Fairbanks Daily
The city of Seward was threatened
with destruction by fire, the flames originated in the
timber north of the city. Driven by high wind, the fire spread
to the tent settlement at the head of the bay and in short time,
had reduced a number of residences north of Monroe Street, together
with an Alaska Northern warehouse containing one of the big engines.
The fire became so serious, shortly before noon, that the
saloons were closed so everybody could fight the fire.
5/17/1915 The Alaska Citizen Fairbanks, Alaska
Commissioner Thomas W. Hanmore
of Iliamna committed suicide. He left a letter saying
he was losing his sight and, wishing not to become a burden
on others, had decided to take his life. He also stated
in the letter that he left his position and personal effects
to a party to who he owed something. He took stock of all
the governments property.
The body was found in a chair
at 10 o'clock on the morning of the 30th by Alexander
Flynn who went to the Commissioners house to have a tooth pulled
by that official. Hanmore was well known all over Alaska,
of which he had been a resident for many years.
6/20/1915 Fairbanks Daily
Times Fairbanks, Alaska
Nome will have six more automobiles
6/20/1915 Fairbanks Daily Times
Rough lumber, very much in demand,
sells for $60 per thousand at Ship Creek.
6/20/1915 Fairbanks Daily Times Fairbanks, Alaska
A canvas city of over 450
tents now stands at Ship Creek, where the first mile
of rails has already been laid by Lieutenant Mears of the
engineering commission. In addition to the tents, there
are some 70 log and frame buildings. Included in the business
houses are 6 restaurants, a billiard hall, 2 laundries, 3 barber
shops and one jewelry store.
6/27/1915 Fairbanks Daily Times Fairbanks,
A post office will be established
at Ship Creek as soon as possible and as the place is without
either telegraph or telephone communication, it is probable
that a wireless set will be installed by the Marconi Wireless
6/27/1915 Fairbanks Daily
Times Fairbanks, Alaska
Dan Walker, inventor of the Yukon
Stove and a resident of Juneau since 1885, has been taken
to Morningside Asylum in Portland. He was found insane by
a commissioners jury at Sitka after he terrorized inmates of the
Pioneer Home for several nights prior to his arrest.
6/27/1915 Fairbanks Daily
Times Fairbanks, Alaska
B. M. Stone has purchased the
entire interests of Charles E. Herron in the Seward Gateway
Publishing Co. and is now sole owner of the Gateway and the
Knik News as all stock held in the company by anyone at any time
has been taken over by him.
6/27/1915 Fairbanks Daily
Times Fairbanks, Alaska
Bert Howen, cannery man, met
death at mile 55 on the Copper River railway, as the outcome
of a quarrel over hot cakes. Howen threw a can of milk and
a brick to emphasize his remarks and Ed Lee Thinnus came back
with a sugar bowl which knocked Howen against the table inflicting
wounds from which he died. The coroners jury said it was
7/18/1915 Fairbanks Daily Times Fairbanks, Alaska
The gypsies who were recently
run out of Juneau have arrived at Seward.
Daily Times Fairbanks, Alaska
It is reported that there are
many destitute at Anchorage. Of the 1,500 people
there, only 300 have work.
7/25/1915 Fairbanks Daily Times
Jacob Samuelson of Richardson bout
a new car yesterday. The car is the 4th one sold by the
Northern Commercial Co., agents for the Dodge Bros. Automobile
Co. H. H. Ross was the first to purchase one. He is an experienced
automobile man and reports that the machine has proved entirely
8/8/1915 Fairbanks Daily Times
The town of Douglas has the only Lutheran
Church in Alaska.
8/8/1915 Fairbanks Daily Times Fairbanks, Alaska
The first application for a pension
under the Act passed by the last legislature, granting $12.50
per month to Alaska pioneers, has been received by the governors
office. The application was from a woman in Seward, 77 years
of age. She is a widow.
8/22/1915 Fairbanks Sunday Times Fairbanks, Alaska
Yukon police report finding a body floating
in the Thirty Mile River, some distance from Hootalinqua.
The body is supposed to be that of Marion "Tennessee" Davis,
a young man last seen alive December 24th at lower Lebarge.
8/22/1915 Fairbanks Sunday Times Fairbanks, Alaska
In Alaska, there are maintained 77 schools
with an enrollment of 3,568 and an average attendance of 1,797.
Some of these are in touch with the outside world only
once or twice a year. All of the, with the exception of those
on the southern coast, are reached only by trails, over snow covered
land or frozen rivers.
8/22/1915 Fairbanks Sunday Times
The Department of Agriculture has sent
an agent to Matanuska to locate an experiment Station which
is soon to be established.
10/10/1915 Fairbanks Daily Times Fairbanks, Alaska
As an indication of the prosperity
of Anchorage, three attorneys were recently admitted
to practice there. They came direct from the Outside and all
had practiced for some years.
W. B. Van Valien, the school
teacher at Wainwright, near Point Barrow, found a lake
of oil. The color of the oil was dark and he reported, at Nome,
that it burned well, throwing but little smoke.
1/9/1916 Fairbanks Daily Times
William Elliott, better known
all over Alaska as "Billy the Horse" is lying dangerously
sick in a cabin near Knik and is expected to die, and yet he
refuses to accept aid as he would rather die alone than suffer
what he thinks would be the humiliation of accepting charity.
3/19/1916 Fairbanks Sunday Times
R. Thompson, who is said to be the man
who first discovered gold on the Nome beach and who first
came to Alaska in 1865, recently left Unga on a prospecting trip.
He is 80 years old but still hearty enough to fry his own bacon and
carry a pack.
3/26/1916 Fairbanks Sunday Times
The new hospital at Seward opened February
5/14/1916 Fairbanks Daily
Twenty two miles of rail have
already been laid on the Alaska railroad and they hope
to have 1/3 finished by November 1st. The building of the road
will employ over 4,000 men.
5/14/1916 Fairbanks Daily
Reports have been sent out that
the natives of Kuskokwim are in a deplorable condition.
In a village of 80, they had nothing to eat but salmon and dogs.
There is no government teacher in that district.
5/21/1916 Fairbanks Daily
The Bank of Alaska has completed
arrangements with the Territorial Banking Board, enabling
them to open a bank at the new city of Anchorage.
5/21/1916 Fairbanks Daily Times
When the news was received in
Alaska that the SS Admiral Farragut, the first boat of
the season to make the trip into Cook Inlet, was spotted off
Fire Island, Anchorage declared a holiday and flocked to the
waterway to welcome the incoming vessel. Horns were blown,
whistles blew and a big demonstration was held by the delighted
5/21/1916 Fairbanks Daily
Capt. A. E. Lathrop returned
to Cordova recently from a business trip to Seattle. While
there he let the contract for the erection of a two story concrete
building at Anchorage, to be used as a theater. It will have
a seating capacity of 800 and the cement and furnishings for the
new show shop are coming north very soon.
6/18/1916 Fairbanks Sunday Times (previously printed by Cook
Z. J. Jewel, a farmer from the Matanuska
Valley, is in Anchorage for a few days. With potatoes selling
for $60 a ton and with a ready market, an average crop of 10
tons to the acre isn't so worse. Mr. Jewel, like the rest of the
Matanuska farmers, has great faith in this country and will put
10 acres in potatoes this spring and is clearing the balance of his
homestead for diversified crops indigenous to this soil.
6/18/1916 Fairbanks Sunday Times
Juneau is planning to build a new public
school this year. The plans embrace a reinforced concrete
structure that will cost approximately $40,000.
7/13/1916 Fairbanks Sunday Times
The Alaska Packers Association has been
granted a patent to 10 acres of land at Ladd Station near
Tyonek for a canning factory site.
7/16/1916 Fairbanks Daily
Z. J. Loussac, who owns the Juneau
Drug Co., and is well known in Interior Alaska, is erecting
a large building in Anchorage where he will open a drug store.
7/16/1916 Fairbanks Daily Times
Ten tons of Beluga (white whale)
skins have been shipped from the Bering Sea to Eastern
shoe factories to be made into white shoes, now so popular
with the young ladies.
7/16/1916 Fairbanks Daily Times
Fourteen students graduated from
Juneau High School, the largest class to ever graduate
from that school.
7/16/1916 Fairbanks Daily
"Diamond Tooth Lil", one of Juneau's
denizens of the underworld was fined $25 by the municipal
magistrate for using obscene language.
7/16/1916 Fairbanks Daily
Three to four hundred farmers
are reported to have located in the Matanuska Valley and
are now engaged in cultivating crops.
7/16/1916 Fairbanks Daily Times
W. H. Allenbaugh, who resides
at 7th and L Street has the first apple "tree" grown in
Anchorage. It is a seedling, now 3" high, from a seed planted
in a hotbed last February.
5/29/1917 Sacramento Union Sacramento, California
Robert T. Stroud, service a sentence in the Federal Penitentiary in Levonworth
was found guilty tonight of murder to the 1st degree for having stabbed
to death A.F.Turner, a prison guard. The jury's verdict was accompanied
by a recommendation for mercy.
8/31/1917 Spokesman Review Spokane,
Alexander McLean, a government teacher at the village of
Nushagak, killed his wife, Alexandria, on 1/2/1916. McLean told authorities
that his wife received burns when a lighted lamp exploded and then she
died a few days later in a sled accident. However, McLean's sons, Donald
age 12 and Hector age 10 told authorities that their father beat their
mother into unconsciousness then threw a lighted lamp at her, then put
out the resulting fire with a blanket, after which she died.
Knik Nicoli, defended by
Attorney John Lyons, appeared before Grand Jury for killing Talkeetna Stephan.
$100,000 worth of property
was destroyed a Knik when 11 buildings and their contents owned by
George Palmer were destroyed by fire. The flames were noticed at 3 AM. So
rapidly, did the flames spread, that there was no opportunity of saving the
contents of the buildings. The property destroyed consisted of 1 big storeroom
which was used as a sales room and a number of small connected rooms with
the main storeroom. The cause of the fire is a mystery to Mr. Palmer.
He was awakened about 3 AM by the flames. The merchandise destroyed consisted
of groceries, hardware and dry goods. Two other big warehouses near those
destroyed, but not connected, were saved, as well as Mr. Palmer's home. The
loss, which is approximately $100,000 was partially covered by insurance.
Immediate steps will be taken by Mr. Palmer to replace the destroyed buildings
and the work of construction will begin as soon as material can be secured.
Daily Alaska Skagway, Alaska
George W. Palmer has moved,
lock, stock and barrel from Knik and will locate permanently in Snug Harbor,
where he has recently installed a fishing plant and general merchandise store.
Mr. Palmer has, for years, been the mainstay at Knik and formerly operated
a large mercantile business at that place. Mr. Palmer reached Anchorage last
night with a scow load of household effects, furniture, fixtures and merchandise
from his Knik store. He left this morning for his new location accompanied
by his family. Mr. Palmer has recently received a large shipment of merchandise
from San Francisco and will operate one of the largest mercantiles establishments
in this part of Alaska at Snug Harbor.
5/30/1920 Ogden Standard Examiner
As a result of the Mt. Katmai volcano eruption
of 1912, hitherto barren land has been made fertile. The volcano
showered the country, including Kodiak Island, with several inches
of volcanic ash, which for a time threatened all vegetation. Now
the grass has grown through the ash and places that were barren are
covered with luxuriant growth.
7/10/1920 San Francisco Chronicle California
The body of Ben Agnew, pioneer rancher of the Matanuska
River Valley was found by a searching party, Wednesday, in a creek
on his farm. Officers believe Agnew was murdered.
Extracted by Sandra Davis
7/28/1920 Ogden Standard Examiner
Roald Amundsen, Norwegian explorer arrived
in Nome tonight from the Arctic Ocean. He arrived here on a
tug and said he left his vessel, the Maud, at Sledge Island, not
far from here, where, for the last 10 days he has been storm bound.
On his arrival, he was taken to a hotel where he said it was the first
time in 2 years he could "clean up".
Amundsen told of an encounter with a polar
bear last winter in which his clothing was torn from his body,
one of his arms broken and his back and legs severely lacerated.
He is still suffering from the effects of the encounter.
8/5/1922 Spokane Daily Chronicle
The calendar year 1921, Alaska Railroad carried 29,763 tons of freight
and 33,138 passengers. A traveler can now make the railroad trip from Seward
to Fairbanks in two days and 1 night.
Oakland Tribune 12/9/1923
Alaskan rancher, Paul Fromming, shot and killed John and Alex Vanaja
on the Fromming farm. The two Finnish farmers lived 4 miles from the Fromming
farm. Fromming claimed that he shot in self defense, charging that the
Vanaja brothers came to his farm intoxicated and demanded liquor. When
he told them that he had none, they became quarrelsome and a fight
followed. Fromming surrendered to authorities.
4/23/1926 The Alaska Weekly Seattle, Washington
It was like unto an annual meeting of the Alaska
Pioneers at Pier 2 Saturday forenoon, when the SS Yukon of the Alaska
Steamship Company line, laden with passengers, cast off her lines
and sailed for Alaska ports. Among the well known Alaskan taking passage
were Geo. C. Hazelet, who has been restored to health, and A. Judson
Adams and Mrs. Adams, who have been on a vacation trip for the winter,
who are returning to their home in Cordova. S. A. Hemple, who pioneered
in Valdez, reaching that port in the days of '99 and who later became
the merchant prince of the town and Mrs. Hemple, and A.G. Larson,
old-timerof the town, took passage for Valdez. U.S. Marshal Geo. H. Beaumont
departed for his headquarters in Juneau. Thomas Larson, well known
mining man of the Northland for 30 years, too passage in route to
the Kotsina Valley where he is concerned in a big copper proposition.
O.G. Herning, the big merchant of Wasilla, Matanuska Valley and Mrs.
Herning. Dr. J.H. McAuley, pioneer dental surgeon of the Cook Inlet
country now located in Anchorage. Al Davis, of Hoben and Davis who has
been wintering in the states, took passage for Seward.
4/25/1926 Alaska Weekly
Miss Eva Fleckenstein, a charming young lady of
Wasilla was married to Mr. Stanley Herning, son of Mr. and Mrs.
O. G. Herning, who own the big mercantile house at that point. The
marriage ceremony was performed in Anchorage on 3/14/1926 by U.S. Commissioner
A.G. Thompson, but the wedding was kept quiet, only a few personal
friends being in on the secret. The formal announcement was made upon
the arrival of the groom's parents, who had wintered in Seattle.
4/5/1929 Montreal Gazette
Capture of Klu Tok, the Indian who has killed 4 white men and
nearly a score of his own clan during the last 9 years over Upper Nushagak
River Valley in southwest Alaska. Frank G. Waskey, 1st delegate to Congress
asks legislature for funds to apprehend the killer. A $500, dead or alive
reward for Klu Tok produced nothing. During the last 9 years, Alaska
trappers of the region have tried to capture him and failed or ended up
dead. Klu Tok, age 36 started his reign of terror after his "squaw" was
killed by an unknown white man who fled the country. Klu Tok, crazed with
desire for revenge, was captured by three trappers in 1927, but when two
of the trappers left to get supplies, the Indian killed the third trapper
and then escaped. He is known to have a 30-30 rifle but hunts with a bow
and arrow. He travels on foot and in a skin boat and with a small dog.
(see next article)
8/23/1931 The Milwaukee Journal
Death due to natural causes has ended a thirteen year man
hunt for an Indian called Klu Tox, Native killer of the north. He was
found dead in the headwater region of the Nushagak River. For 13 years,
Klu Tox defied federal and territorial posses and nearly 20 slayings of
white men and Native trappers have been attributed to him.
2/3/1933 Seattle Daily Times
Samuel King, an old time trapper, took his life by
shooting himself at Wasilla, coroners deputies reported yesterday.
His body was brought here by airplane.
Extracted by Sandra Davis
3/25/1935 Ironwood Daily Globe
The first step in the migration of 200 drought
stricken farm families from northern Michigan, Minnesota and
Wisconsin into Alaska will be taken April 5 when the Federal Relief
Administration makes final selection of those to make the trek.
The families are to be set up on a 40 acre tract
in the Matanuska Valley near Anchorage. Four hundred unmarried
men, accustomed to similar conditions from life in wooded areas
on the west coast, are to be selected from relief transient camps,
to aid the families in building homes and clearing land. They
will receive conservation corps wages and will remain until October.
The first group of bachelors will sail from Seattle April 20
and the remainder will accompany the families which are scheduled to
depart May 1st and May 15th.
4/13/1935 Ironwood Daily
Globe Ironwood, Michigan
A lean and bronzed Wyoming rancher is in Washington
preparing to lead a new stylepioneering expedition into
an Alaskan valley late this month.
He is D. L. Irwin and his title is "Director
of Colonization for Alaska for the Federal Emergency Relief Administration".
The fertile Matanuska Valley, 125 miles north of Seward, has been
selected as the site for the first FERA rehabilitation colony in
Under consideration for several months, the
project has attracted attention of the American Red Cross.
Chairman Cary T. Grayson announced today that first aid training
would be given to the 480 relief workers who will spend the summer
helping build the colony. They will receive the training before
the first contingent sails from California April 20. Admiral
Grayson added that a Red Cross public health nurse will be assigned to
the colony for a year, to serve as a visiting nurse and to teach home
hygiene, while the Junior Red Cross is assembling a library for both
children and adults.
Two hundred families, including 1,000 persons,
have been selected from farms in northern Minnesota, Michigan
and Wisconsin, to form the colony. Each family will be lent $3,000
and will be furnished a 40 acre homestead. Thirty years will be
allowed for repayment of the money.
The 480 relief workers who help launch the project
will return to the states in the fall, leaving the farmers to
Irwin is tall, slightly stooped. His face is
weather-beaten. Crows feet at the corners of his eyes bear out
his statement that he has spent most of his life outdoors. Early
in 1934, he explained, efforts were begun to get him to leave his
ranch to assume charge of the government experiment station in
the Matanuska Valley. He took his wife, two daughters and young
son and went there in June 1934. In January of this year, he was summoned
to Washington and told he was to take charge of the colonization project.
Of pioneering stock, Irwin's eyes glow as he
talks about the venture. He likes Alaska, America's "last frontier".
"I think Alaska is one of the few spots in the world where there
is a future", he said, simply. The colonists should succeed, he said.
They will be located within a seven mile radius of the community center.
They must build their own homes and they must clear their own ground.
They will be able to kill some small game and they will have
excellent fishing. It is truly a pioneering expedition, he said,
but the government will help take the raw edge off the venture. There
will be portable saw mills, tractors and thousands of pounds of equipment.
"It's a great country", Irwin said, "my family
is still up there, you know, and we'll have to build our home
like the rest of them, I'll be glad to get back".
5/9/1935 The Milwaukee Journal
The church at Point Barrow holds 13 dead Eskimo's who are victims of
the influenza epidemic that has been raging here for more than 2 weeks.
Eskimo boys are now digging graves for them, lumber for coffins is exhausted.
Word comes from Wainwright, 100 miles down the coast, that 200 cases of
influenza are developing there with no medical or nursing care. Our most
critical concern is lack of food and canned milk. We also have a lack of
vaccines. There are only 4 white men here. In the influenza epidemic at
Cape Prince of Wales, near the close of World War, 190 Eskimo's died between
Christmas Eve and New Years Day. Thirty years ago, measles killed 50% of
Eskimos at Point Barrow.
5/23/1935 The Oshkosh Northwestern
A barnyard symphony of discord sailed today
for the federal colony in the Matanuska Valley of Alaska, 70
cows and 70 horses all bellowing in protest. One mare, Fanny by name,
sat down on the dock and flatly refused to board the federal ship North
Star, which had been outfitted as a stable. They had to carry
her to a crate that was hoisted aboard the North Star by a steam winch.
The colonists sent to till the fertile Matanuska
and made a living for themselves, have many luxuries the early
American pioneers didn't have, among them, diesel tractors, but
they need horses too. The cows are to start the dairy project
for the colonists who will depend largely on butter, cheese and milk
and will have their own diary. Several fine animals were included
6/25/1935 Sheboygan Press Sheboygan,
Lloyd Bell, a Matanuska colonist says it
would take a squad of soldiers to him out of the valley. Gilford
Lemon of Koochaching County, Minnesota says he intends
to stay "until hell freezes over". Many other colonists express
Mrs. Lloyd Bell wrote: Most colonists still live
in their tents, but they are fixed very comfortable with
board floors, doors and screen windows. A library has been opened
in the Community Hall, with a few books and lots of magazines.
A bus line makes two complete tours of the different
camp centers, twice daily and baseball games played almost every
Sunday. The children are having a glorious time with a large
playground, swings, teeter-totters and games of kitten ball, horse
shoes and marbles. Church and Sunday school are held every Sunday.
There is much sickness, but it is mostly measles,
mumps, chickenpox and pink eye and no serious diseases. Many
should have never come here because of poor health. There
are two doctors and one Red Cross nurse with the transient workers
and they are aiding the colonists too. There are at least five
regular nurses among the colonists. A big complaint is that the doctor
has no car of his own and the colonists are scattered all over the
Provisions are being made for about 15 teachers
to come here for approximately 375-380 pupils in the fall. The
school land is being cleared and more materials are arriving
Several agitators in the colony are keeping things
continually boiling. We would like to have them deported. There
is cause for complaint here, but report of conditions have been
The construction work is slow, as wrong equipment
and materials have been shipped. Mr. Irwin ordered wagons
and received school furniture and gasoline tanks.
The colonists want U.S. Control continued with
Mr. Irwin in complete charge. He is well liked by all the colonists.
7/3/1935 Sheboygan Press Sheboygan,
A new Matanuska project "trouble shooter",
Capt. Charles E. Parsons of the U.S. Navy, was here today, buying
materials, employing expert workman and getting ready to sail
for Alaska late this week. Parsons, who arrived last night
from Mare Island Navy Yard, California, faced a strenuous program
of official conferences, interviews with prospective foreman and
buying of portable sawmills, electric generators, lumber, well diggers
and tools for the government land settlement in the mountain walled
valley beneath the midnight sun.
A special mission, led by S. R. Fuller, New York
manufacturer, as assistant to Relief Administrator Harry L.
Hopkins, left Chicago last night for Seattle. While Capt. Parsons
declined to comment, other sources in close touch with the project
indicated he was to "cut a lot of red tape and smooth things out up
7/18/1935 Ironwood Daily Globe
Mr. and Mrs. Eino Nutilla, former Erwin
Township residents, are satisfied with the conditions in Alaska,
according to a letter received here this week. The Nutilla's have
a 60 acre tract of land on the banks of the Matanuska River. Mr.
and Mrs. Russell Pakonen, of Ironwood, are 10 miles from the Nutilla's.
Parts of the letter, written by Mrs. Nutilla,
follow: "Well, we are in Alaska and we like it very much,
only we're waiting for the time when we will have our home built
and everything straightened out and living on our own land. The
men are busy clearing land for the house. Eino is driving a
team. He is skidding logs from the woods near to the places
where the rooms will be built. They have started on some of the
homes but they haven't started on any at our camp, we are at camp eight.
There are about 30 families here.
Our forty comes right to the Matanuska River,
so it will be nice for the cattle during the summer months with
plenty of water near. We have a cow and a pig. They only
had 30 pigs and Eino happened to draw a lucky number and got a pig.
It is going to farrow after a month or two. Our cow is
going to freshen in three months too, so if things go right, we'll
have enough milk for ourselves for the winter and also little pigs to
sell. I think they get $10 apiece for young pigs. You have
to sell them to the colonists, so I don't know if you can get any cash
or just count that as payment for ones loan. The price of a cow
is $65. All those are added towards that $3,000 loan.
They got five house plans for you to choose
your home from. We're taking plan number one, it's got 5 rooms
to it. Everyone was supposed to bring their heating stoves
along. They weren't planning on having any special heating system.
There weren't many that took their heaters along, so I suppose they
will have to order them heaters and take it off their loans.
Eino plans on drawing for a team too. They
only have 50 teams, so I don't know if he will have any luck in
drawing for them. For this winter, they plan on having only
one barn for every four families and one well. One draws for those
too, to know whose land the barns and wells will be on. They have
no land cleared on any of the forties yet, but they say that,
in the fall, everyone will have 12 cleared acres. Our 40 is a half
mile from this camp."
7/24/1935 Oshkosh Northwestern
Mr. and Mrs. John Church have written an
interesting letter from Alaska to their uncle and aunt, Mr.
and Mrs. Fred Krablean in Minasha. "We are all fine up here", they
wrote, "the children all had the measles but are all over that now.
We are all working, putting up our houses and have a small sawmill
where we saw the logs on three sides. It surely makes a nice looking
and warm house."
"Men are building our house now. The cellar has
been dug and the first floor is in. There are 14 men working
on our job. They just finished drilling a 75' well on our
property today. The water is 30' below the surface and the workmen told
me it is the best well they have struck in Alaska."
"We have a nice 40 acre tract of land, without
a stone on it. It is heavily timbered, largely with spruce and
birch trees 50' to 60' tall and as straight as an arrow. The
country here is rolling, pretty much the same as at our former home
near Mountain, Wisconsin."
"We are 12 miles from Palmer and have 21 tents
in our colony. We have good roads and we are only three miles
from the town of Matanuska, six miles from Wasilla and 30 miles
from Anchorage which is about the size of Oconto."
"The railroad runs through the valley with daily
train service and our land lies between the railroad track
and the highway. We have little time to go hunting. Game is
scarce in the valley but there is plenty of big game in the foothills."
"There are four busses and 22 Ford cars at our
disposal and we get around in them very well. We also have a
number of trucks and tractors. This is sure a good sized
project and we are wondering if the government is big enough to 'put
"We have a nice cow and will have a team of horses.
I am driving a team now, skidding logs to the mill for
some of the houses."
12/16/1935 News-Palladium Benton
A letter received here from Mrs. Harold
Zook, a member of the Michigan colony in Alaska, says the Matanuska
Valley community is flourishing despite its brief history. The
letter came to Naomi Carney and says that Palmer, the shopping
center, now has a drug store selling clothing, hardware and groceries
and two restaurants and a gasoline station. There is also an electric
Mrs. Zook wrote that prices were high. Permanent
waves were $18 and haircuts and shaves were $1. A hospital is
nearing completion when the letter was written.
12/24/1935 Sheboygan Press
A Matanuska colonist Christmas festival was
staged last Saturday when the SS Victoria of the Alaska Steamship
Co., brought Santa Claus and loads of toys to Seward from where the
remainder of the trip here was by rail. The Chicago mail order house
(Sears Roebuck) sent toys to all up to the age of 14 and the American
Red Cross to those up to 19.
The test of cutting the community tree went to
Walter Huntley, formerly of Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan. Mr. and
Mrs. William Bouwens, formerly of Rhinelander, Wisconsin, with
thirteen children, had the largest family present.
Community religious services were conducted Sunday
by the Rev. B. J. Bingle and Father Sulzman will red mass at
2/14/1936 Lima News
Ada Blackjack, lone survivor of an expedition
which set out to claim Wrangell Island for Canada in 1920, was
found today, living in obscurity with her two sons on a homestead
near the Matanuska Colony. Three of her male companions on the ill-fated
expedition, including Frederick Maurer of New Philadelphia, Ohio,
died in an attempt to cross the ice to Siberia. A fourth succumbed
later to illness. A Seattle explorer rescued the woman in 1923.
2/28/1936 Oshkosh Northwestern Oshkosh,
Palmer, Alaska, the village center of the
Matanuska Colony, now has 24 hour police patrol, with a U.S.
Commissioner in charge and two deputies.
Sheboygan Press Sheboygan, Wisconsin
More than two months before the official
celebration of Thanksgiving Day, Alaska's Matanuska Valley has
already celebrated its first bountiful harvest by staging what
was proudly called the First Annual Matanuska Valley Fair.
For four days, the Matanuska colonists gloated
over the fat livestock housed in special barns, the bundles
of vegetables, the golden sheaves of wheat, the bunches of clover
that were the answer to those who said they couldn't grow anything
The new Fair buildings added to the notable growth
of Palmer, which was little more than a post office and a general
store before Alaska Rural Rehabilitation Corp. took hold there.
The Fair exhibits did much to reassure the colonists
as far as the farm possibilities of the region go, but there
are complaints about the financial end of the colonization scheme.
"We can't find where we stand as to what we owe the government" said
a colonist with a splendid record, "we got statements on what we
owe the commissary for food and clothing, but we can't find out what
our houses, land and improvements are going to stand us. We now find
out our farms are going to cost us more than we were told. Even my debt
will be more than $5,000 and I have done all my own labor in building
my house and improving the land. Others, who have labor bills will have
debts higher than mine."
Another colonist, more extreme view was, "There
won't be any farmers on these farms when they find out what they're
going to cost. No one is going to pay ten to fifteen thousand dollars
for a 40 acre farm in Alaska."
Manager Sheeley says he has made vain efforts
to get the appraisals made and report sent. He thinks the average
debt will be around $5,000.
It is now two months since any colonists have
left to go back to the states. Fourteen or fifteen families who
were residents of Alaska have been accepted to replace some of the
55 families who left and others who are paying their own way up
from the states will also be accepted to fill the vacancies on the
171 farms which now have houses on them.
Three colonists, Virgil Eckhard, Joseph Puhl
and Walter Pippel have already declared their independence of
further government credit and have started paying back their
New barns are rising now, to supplement the houses
built last winter and the colonists have cleaned an average
of 8 acres apiece. The first creamery in the region, which will
market cooperatively for the whole valley, will soon be in operation.
Poultry will also be handled. These facilities will serve old settlers
as well as the new colonists.
10/30/1936 Centralia Chronicle Advertiser
J. R. Ummel of the U.S. Department of Interior
states 1,400 white leghorn chickens would be shipped soon to the
Matanuska colony in Alaska. The chickens, 600 cockerels and 800
hens are pedigreed and will be used to further poultry development
at the colony which was begun last spring with a shipment of 16,000
pullets from Seattle. The latest consignment is from the ranch of Dr.
A.L. Harnett and sons, Everett.
4/2/1937 Centralia Chronicle Advertiser
As new reports of dissension in Matanuska
arrive, Washington officials pondered the whereabouts of a settler,
Charles Ruddell, who arrived in Seattle last month and was believed
capital bound to ask for a federal investigation of the Alaska project.
Ruddell said that he was charged $12,000 in 18 months at the
colony, though told his bill would be $3,500.
12/6/1940 Sheboygan Press
Nearly 100 of the 140 colonists at Matanuska
Valley in Alaska, left their farms to work at the U.S. Army base
in Anchorage this summer, turning their land over to the supervision
of neighbors or permitting it to "grow up to weeds", W. A. Rockie,
Northwest Soil Conservation research chief said today.
Rockie, back from his third year as director
of soil studies and conservation in Alaska, declared that only
a small percentage of the colonists were making good. "A small
undetermined number of radicals are working to belittle the governments
efforts in the Matanuska Valley and to make relief a permanent racket",
He said the colonists had "one write-off" two
years ago with the adjustments ranging from a low of a few percent
to around 75% cancellation of debt". What they want is another big
write off, another slice of something for nothing", he declared, adding
it was "time someone besides the agitators gave a little publicity to
what's going on up there".
The small group that is making good in the colony
is averaging a cash net income of $1,200 to $3,000 a year" the
research chief said. "For the past two years, the radicals have
been publishing an anonymous mimeographed paper under the nom de
plume of "The Ice Worms". The publication has made the tearing down
of the government management its principal aim", he asserted.
Rockie divided the colony population into roughly
three classifications: 1. Those paying their bills. 2.
"A bunch of weak willed men" being led along by the radicals
in the hopes of getting something for nothing. 3. The radicals
who have defied efforts of authorities, for two years, to learn
their individual identities.
Wages on the Anchorage air base, Rockie said,
run from $216 a month for common labor, on up, with rough carpenters
Every one of the colonists could have had enough
money to pay the relatively small amounts due on the first of
December, Rockie said, "but the point is they don't want to pay
it. If they pay anything, it will be tacitly admitting they owe
Almer Peterson, an Anchorage attorney, said he
had authorizations from 63 colonists to challenge the validity
of land contracts under which a number of them face eviction from
their farms for failure to make payments on their debts by the December
4/25/1941 Sheboygan Press
The Alaska Rural Rehabilitation Corp. filed
ouster suits against six Matanuska colonists in Federal District
Court yesterday. The actions asked removal from the land
of Carl R. Rasmussen, E. J. Leduc and Frank Clark, all directors of
Matanuska Cooperative Marketing Association and C. F. Sullivan, Joseph
Dragseth and George Venna. The corp. declared the six had refused
to make payments on their debt or to make arrangements for payments.
2/6/1943 Ellensberg Daily Record
A Juneau jury convicted William Paddy, an Indian, for 1st degree
murder of Tony Simian, a Douglas merchant. A mandatory sentence of death
by hanging was issued.
1/24/1947 Daily Sitka Sentinel
Max W. Penrod, is the 1st principal
of the new Mt. Edgecombe boarding school, opening late
January 1947. The first students will be from Eklutna Vocational
School. Penrod is from Oklahoma, the former principal of Riverside
2/24/1947 Daily Sitka
Arriving Saturday were 130 teachers
and students from the Eklutna School on the SS Denali.
They have been transferred to the Mt. Edgecombe School
on Japonski Island.
3/7/1947 Daily Sitka Sentinel
The SS Denali picked up 130
native students and 10 teachers from the Eklutna Vocational
School, at Seward, to complete the transfer of the institution
to its new site on Sitka's Japonski Island.
4/23/1947 Daily Sitka Sentinel
Funding cuts might require closing
the Eklutna boarding school at Seward.
9/5/1947 Daily Sitka Sentinel
Mr. and Mrs. J. Russell Hart
and daughter Kathleen arrived at Japonski from Seward.
They are former teachers at Eklutna School at Seward and will
join the staff at Mt. Edgecombe School.
10/29/1947 Daily Sitka
Louis S. Gaston born 1867 in
Black River Falls, Wisconsin died 10/27/1947 at the Pioneers
Home in Sitka. He came to Alaska in 1916 and lived in Wasilla
for 15 years, then Palmer and he's been at the Pioneer home since
1945. He was a gold miner. Children: Louis N. Gaston and Charles
2/23/1950 Daily Sitka
Victor McNeil of Wasilla was
fined $200 and sentenced to 90 days in jail for killing
two moose cows, two moose bulls and a moose calf and selling
the meat to Pascal Pete Lucy of the Frontier Restaurant in Palmer
and Olaf L. Erickson. Lucy and Erickson were fined $100
The fatal accident occurred as
Lathrop inspected a load of coal gondolas at his Healy
River Coal Company holdings at Suntrana, 112 miles south of
The Fairbanks News Miner, owned
by Captain Lathrop, said the body was being returned to
Fairbanks in an Alaska Railroad ambulance car. After several
days it will be shipped to Seattle to be buried next to his parents.
In addition to controlling interest
in the Healy river Coal Co. and the Fairbanks New Miner,
Lathrop also owned five theaters, two radio stations, a
large apartment building and a bowling alley.
Lathrop acquired the title of
Captain in 1896 when he bought half interest in the 110'
schooner the L.J. Perry and piloted it, carrying gold seekers,
from port to port in Alaska. He set up a draying business
at Valdez and hauled supplies over rugged trails to Interior
copper mines. With the start of the construction of the Copper
River Northwest Railroad, Lathrop moved to Cordova, the railroad
terminus and contracted to haul all supplies from the dock to
the railroad working areas.
He subsequently became a director
and president of the Bank of Cordova and bought the Cordova
Commercial Co. and his first theater. When construction
of the Alaska Railroad began in 1914, Lathrop moved to
Anchorage and set up a transfer business there. He also
built a theater and an apartment house.
Survivors include a step daughter,
Mrs. Cleo Boyce; 2 nephews, Austin G. Cooley and Frank E.
Richardson; 2 nieces, Mrs. Ward Green and Mrs. Fred L. Smith.
Memorial services for the millionaire businessman will be held
in the Empress Theater.
12/27/1950 Daily Sitka
A Seattle brokerage firm advertised
for sale today, about $330,000 worth of Olympic Brewing
Co. premium stock from the estate of A. E. Lathrop of Fairbanks.
Lathrop was a long time director of the Olympia Co.
Brix has donated to the city of Palmer, a site for a public park.
It is at the end of the Matanuska bridge and has on it
what is reported to be one of the first buildings carved out
of logs by a white man in that area.
Fairbanks Daily News Miner
A parade celebrating the opening of the new $330,000
Chena Bridge at Fairbanks will be held. Miss Alaska, Muriel Hagberg
will be in the parade in a decorated car with Miss Matanuska Valley,
Tiny DePriest from Wasilla.
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