Yusdishlaq' Village and Susitna Station in Alaska .
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YUSDISHLAQ and NEARBY
SUSITNA STATION
ALASKA


by Coleen Mielke 
 

2020


Protected by Copyscape


Twenty five miles up the Susitna River (spelled Sushitna on 1898 maps), was Susitna Station. On an island that sat (mid-river) in front of Susitna Station (pre-1900) was the Dena'ina village of Yusdishlaq.

These two (now abandoned) villages were located 2 miles down river from the confluence of the Yentna and Susitna Rivers.

 


Yusdishlaq Village and Susitna Station 1898

The first Russian Orthodox Church, in the Susitna River drainage area, was built on Yusdishlaq Island in the 1860's or 1870's. By 1885, the island was also home to an ACC store and many Dena'ina cabins. Shem Pete, a Dena'ina Elder, was born on this island in 1900; he said that Yusdishlaq means "On the Little Point".

~~~~~


In 1898, the U.S. Government sent three teams of men to explore Alaska. Their main task was to find access into Alaska's Interior without crossing British [Canadian] Territory. One of the men was A.Beverly Smith. He wrote an article about his travels on the Susitna River and Yusdishlaq Island. The following are excerpts from that article titled In the Wilds of Alaska which was published in the The World Wide Magazine in 1898.

"The Natives of this part of Alaska present a somewhat interesting study. Their villages are built without any attention to regular order. The houses are of logs, usually consisting of 1 or 2 rooms and an outer shed which also acts as a storm door to the house and always contains an open fire of logs. The roofs are covered with strips of birch bark, held in place by logs laid upon them."

"Each cabin has its attendant cache, a small house built of logs and mounted upon high posts. In the cache is stored dried fish and other provisions of the owner, secured from predatory animals. Each supporting post usually has a circlet of tin or other metal near the top, to prevent the encroachment of the smaller climbing animals. Attached to many of the houses, is a low structure of logs, with the floor sunk underground and an entrance a few inches square, leading into the cabin. These are bath-houses. The Russians taught these people the use of the steam bath and at least once each week, a huge fire is built, great stones heated, and the families retire into these cells. The hot stones are then brought in and water poured over them, making a dense steam; this is followed by a general rubbing down and massage of one another."

"The priest is the real head of the tribe, although there is generally a Head Chief and Second Chief to each. All the tribes of the Sushitna district are under the spiritual leadership of one man, Father Ivan Bortnofsky. He is stationed at Kenai and has nine villages under his charge, which he visits at least twice each year. He is an earnest man and venerated by his scattered flock."

  
Photo taken by A.Beverly Smith in 1898


"Each native bears two names, one of Indian origin and the other conferred upon him at his baptism into the Greek Church. For the latter, the name of one of the saints of the church is generally selected and as there are not enough saints to go around, the result is a puzzling duplication of cognomens. Ask for "Stephan" at one of their villages and four or five will appear; whilst 'Ivan' will bring forth half of the male population."

"The ordinary costume of the natives is a travesty on that civilization. For the men, a flannel shirt and overall pantaloons with always a Derby hat if they can get it. The squaws wear a loose gown of printed cotton goods, usually much the worse for wear.....on gala occasions a new gown, with a bright bandana kerchief on the head and beaded moccasins set off the woman, while the men appear in the full glory of "store clothes" of varied makes."

"The natives bury their dead, erecting over each a structure of hewn logs or sometimes (in the case of children) a little tent of gaily colored calico, with always the triple cross of the Greek Church at the head. One custom is peculiar, the dead are always buried with the head to the north east."


Indian Cemetery at Susitna Station

"It is difficult to obtain a photograph of the native women. They seem to have great objection to having it done and it is only under positive orders from their Chief that they will pose.........the men are not so chary about having their pictures took and the camera was a never ending source of wonder and amusement to them. Allowed to look through it (at their companions), they would evince the greatest delight, chattering volubly and laughing heartily at seeing them apparently standing on their heads. They could not understand how it was possible to see people upside down whom they knew were standing on their feet. One old fellow insisted on turning the camera over and then looking through it and was mystified at this making no difference."


WOMEN and CHILDREN ON SUSITNA RIVER
Photo taken by A.Beverly Smith  1898


"The food of the natives consists mostly of dried salmon and other fish, also the flesh of moose and such other animals as they may kill during the fall and winter. Salmon forms the bulk of their diet and is plentiful during the season, which begins about July 1st and lasts until frost comes in September. It is a common occurrence during a canoe trip for the Indians to reach out and capture a salmon in their hands as it is swimming past the boat. The natives clean and strip the fish and then hang it up to dry in the open air, using no salt or other preservative. Each cabin, during the season, has before it a frame work filled with the drying fish. The preparation of the salmon drying, etc., is entirely the work of the squaws."



"The Sushitna Indian builds his boats of birch bark or, for navigating the Inlet, of the skins of the hair seal. In the construction of these boats, he manifests considerable ingenuity, but little originality of design. The framework is always of spruce, bound together with sinew or with spruce roots split to the requisite thickness. The joints and imperfect places in the bark are rendered water tight by cementing with copious applications of spruce gum. These boats are very light. Two men can hold one up with little effort and they can safely carry about 400 lbs."



"The ascent of the Sushitna River proved to be a difficult and tedious accomplishment. Now wading and dragging the boats through the riffles, then towing them by long ropes through the swift reaches, first hewing a trail through the dense underbrush along the banks or again crossing and re-crossing the river constantly to avoid the rapids as much as possible. The progress was very slow, sometimes five miles, sometimes a little more in a days work."

Prospectors trying to navigate the Susitna River 1898

"Twenty-five  miles above the mouth of the Sushitna river, the Alaska Commercial Company established a trading post for the accommodation of the Indians and prospectors. There is also an Indian village at the same place. This writer was at this trading post on September 7th, 8th and 9th [1898], when there occurred a sudden flood which did a great deal of damage. It had rained steadily for days; not the gentle rain of the temperate zone, but a steady downpour, as if the heavens were opened for the destruction of the world. The river rose slowly but surely. Not withstanding the numerous channels, it became full and finally overran its banks. The swift current began to wash out the banks and sections, sometimes acres, in extent and bearing great trees upon them, crashed into the water with loud reports that reverberated among the mountains like thunder."

"Steadily the water rose. The Indians beheld with horror the approaching ruin of their cabins and stores of food. They held night services in their little log church and thus tried to avert the impending disaster. Finally, they got out of their canoes and placed in them, the most precious of their effects and then awaited the coming of daylight."


YUSDISHLAQ  ISLAND  beginning of the flood
Taken 9/6/1898 by A. Beverly Smith



"When day broke, on the morning of September 9th, it showed a scene of desolation and damage. The water was nearly 4' deep all over the island on which the trading post was situated. All the houses were uninhabitable and only the store proper and the cache's, on their high foundations, were above the water and the river was still rising. All night the white men and Indians had worked, side by side, in the darkness to save their precious goods and outfits. There were, at the trading post, large quantities of prospectors outfits, clothing and food, mostly that had been cached in the log houses by those who had gone up river and not yet returned. These were nearly all covered by the water and lost; each man at the post worked hard to save property without respect to ownership. Owing to the scarcity of boats, it was impossible to save all, and of course, each man looked out for his own first."


 
YUSDISHLAQ ISLAND  FLOOD
Photo taken by A.Beverly Smith 1898


"Breakfast that morning was light and prepared in many novel ways. One party built a fire on a little knoll, the top of which projected a few inches from the water, and they fried the inevitable bacon and pancakes over it. Another party set up their camp stove in their boat and cooked on it, standing around knee deep in the water to eat the meal. At 6 AM all hands turned in to help remove the goods from the traders store and by noon, all abandoned the island for the mainland, getting across the swollen channel in their heavy boats with difficulty, but without accident."



END OF SMITH's ARTICLE

~~~~~

As I understand it, after the flood of 1898, the Dena'ina that lived on Yusdishlaq (island) moved their village to nearby higher ground (Tsat'ukeght)and the white population moved their possessions to Susitna Station.

In about 1907, H.W.Nagley, with the financial backing of Frank Churchill and Arnold Litchfield, built a trading post at Susitna Station. A year later, the money men backed out of the deal and sold everything to the Alaska Commercial Company.

In 1908, Nagley decided to build his own store, but the land he wanted was owned by Susitna Chief "Big Evan", so, on 6/10/1908, he and the Chief traded lots (Deed Vol.1, page 264 Susitna) and Nagley built his store.

In 1909, when gold was discovered in Alaska's Interior, hundreds of prospectors traveled from Seward (by train) to the end of the tracks at Kern Creek (mile 71). From there, they traveled by foot, horse or sled to Knik and on to Susitna Station which was their last supply stop on the way to the gold fields at Iditarod.

In 1910, the Federal Government surveyed and improved a mail trail from Susitna Station to Skwentna, Rainy Pass, Rohn, Takotna, Ophir, Shaktoolik, Safety and finally on to Nome

Susitna Station Business Section at high tide (in about 1917)
Photo taken by Phinney S. Hunt for the Alaska Engineering Commission


The Susitna Station Post Office was open from 1906 to 1943. On the far right side of the above photo is H. W. Nagley's General Store, which operated from 1908 to 1918.

Influenza in 1918-1920 decimated the Dena'ina population at Susitna Station. Those that survived, slowly moved away, with the final 30 (or so) moving to Tyonek in 1934 when Tyonek's Chief Simeon Chickalusion invited them. The very last Dena'ina to live at Susitna Station was Nikolai Barbol and his wife Mattie Stepan (both born at Susitna about 1885) and their pre-school nephew named Nick Nicolai. This family was the only family listed on the 1941 BIA Census for Susitna Station. Records show that they lived in a 12' x 14' framed house, had 3 dogs and a canoe.

When my husband was a boy (in the 1950's) his family boated up the Susitna River to visit with an old family friend (Howard Ross) at Susitna Station.  The water had eroded the river bank to a great extent and the only thing still standing (as he remembers it) was Nagley's old store, but it too was on the verge of falling into the river. It still had bales of tea packed in lead foil, mouse traps, feather dusters, round bottomed fire buckets, catalogs and receipt books that the Nagley family left behind in 1918. 



THIS ALASKA COMMERCIAL COMPANY TRADING POST

SUSITNA STATION


The following census record, for Susitna Station, is fairly complete, however, the person who took down the information, not only spelled phonetically, but made statistical notations right over the top of some of the entries, making them nearly impossible to read.  I did my best to transcribe the record accurately, but there are (no doubt) errors here. Many of the people on this census record only had one name, as was custom until the Russian Orthodox church came into their lives and baptized them with two names.


SUSITNA STATION 1900 U.S. CENSUS
Name
Born
Notes
Notes
Cleghorn, James
Cleghorn, Marie
Cleghorn, Jennie
Cleghorn, Lucy
Cleghorn, James
Cleghorn, Mary
Ballou, Katie

1856 New York
1872
1894
1896
1898
1900
1891

White
Tyonek Tribe
Entered Alaska 1886

McConahay, Arthur
McConahay, Martha
McConahay, Mary
McConahay, James
McConahay, Martha
McConahay, Katie

1858 Iowa
1868
1893
1895
1897
1899
White
Knik Tribe
Entered Alaska 1886
Arthur's nickname "Long Shorty"
Stoll, Lewis
1855 Illinois
White
Entered Alaska 1898
Eckles, L.
1854  place unknown
White
Entered Alaska 1898
Hartzell, Sam
1860 Pennsylvania
White
Entered Alaska 1898
Herndon, L.
1868 Missouri
White
Entered Alaska 1896
Perry, William
1873 England
White
Entered Alaska 1896
Churchill, Frank
1863 Nova Scotia
White
Entered Alaska 1898
Tutustootka
Tenickna Tutusttoutka
Cheya
Ephimka
Agrifina
Tilkelda
Stephan
1845
1868  (wife)
1892  (son)
1894  (son)
1898  (daughter)
1852  (mother-in-law)
1888  (brother-in-law)
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe

Ilkitnataken
Klutalna
Ivan
Stephan
Chanagan
Tekeshan
1855
1865  (wife)
1892  (son)
1894  (son)
1898  (son)
1899  (daughter)
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe

Kutchilna
Kustatan
Olga
Nadalhia
Maria
Takishan
1855  Widower
1877  (son)
1884  (daughter)
1887  (daughter)
1892  (daughter)
1897  (daughter)
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe

Kustahkan
Gunina
Chuna
Bughcan
Seter
Sywitna
Inga
Chenagan
Tekishan
1852
1860  (wife)
1889  (daughter)
1887  (son)
1885  (son)
1892  (daughter)
1894  (daughter)
1898  (son)
1899  (daughter)
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe

Myetta
Teitnilna
Ahkyka
Perutchia
Nunetehlan
Kishau
Ignacia
1860
1865  (wife)
1891  (daughter)
1893  (son)
1895  (daughter)
1899  (daughter)
1893  (brother-in-law)
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe

Slintha
Stepanetta
Nilvish
Stephan
1855
1860  (wife)
1891  (son)
1899  (son)
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe

Philip
Pete
Sherigan
Nelchuck
Stephan
Wetshum
Nicholi
Becilintootna
Nelchuk
Nicholi
Marpha
1850
1878  (son)
1882  (son)
1884  (daughter)
1887  (son)
1890  (son)
1894  (son)
1870  (son-in-law)
1882  (daughter)
1896  (son)
1898  (daughter)
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe

Chekak
Nickorn
Tunilna
Tekeshan
Chanigan
Afanasse
Turilna
1865
1870  (wife)
1888  (daughter)
1894  (daughter)
1898  (son)
1886  (adopted son)
1888  (adopted daughter)
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe

Betulchil
Idanya (?)
Chem
Katrina
1860
1870  (wife)
1892  (daughter)
1894  (daughter)
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe

Bitahekayan
Cochana
Stephan
Alexa
1865
1870  (wife)
1892  (son)
1894  (son)
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe
Shushetna Tribe


SUSITNA STATION 1910 U.S.CENSUS
NAME
BORN
NOTES
Anderson, John P.
Age 48  England

Boland, John
Age 40  California

Nown, Charles
Age 40  Massachusetts

Weatherell, Thomas
Age 40  New York

Delebar, Otto
Age 34 Germany

Howard, Rock
Age 34  Idaho

Hewis, Charles L.
Age 41  Indiana

Mathieson, Donald
Age 25  Canada

Wood, Cyril A.
Age 26 California

Grand, Frank A.
Age 29 Scotland

Plowman, Oscar G.
Age 35  Idaho

Bower, jacob
Age 24 Kansas

Roe, Ford
Age 35  Oregon

Bryce, Dan
Age 36  Scotland

Hanigman, Peter
Age 30 Germany

Cameron, George E.
Age 32 Canada

Mogan, Charles
Age  31 Mississippi

Colas, Robert H.
Age 40 New York

Williams, Philip
Age 36  Pennsylvania

Ferris, Herbert
Age 29 Missouri

Collins, Patrick J.
Age 32 Connecticut

Johnson, Hans
Age 42 Denmark

Olson, John
Age 31 Denmark

Olson,, Martin
Age 22 Denmark

Lee, Ole M.
Age 49 Norway

Watts, Charles
Age 44 Ohio

McTavish, James
Age 45 Australia

Watts, Charles Jr.
Age 13 Oregon

McComb, Ins. J.
Age 38  Ohio

Nelson, Albert J.
Age 48 Sweden

Fehl, John, M.
Age 34  Indiana

Honigger, Emil
Age 45 Switzerland

Carlson, Ole
Age 46 Sweden

Sanderson, John
Age 38 Minnesota

Lindstrom, Sven
Age 36 Minnesota

Rogers, Henry
Age 38 California

Petarie, Louis  
Age 26 France

Berg, Ole
Age 45 Norway

Erskin, William T.
Age 29 California

Erskin, Nellie W.
Age 23 California

Wilson, Hiram J.
Age 49 Illinois

Jacobs, Charles H.
Age 38 Pennsylvania

Moria, William J.
Age 49 Illinois

Herndon, Lester H.
Age 42 Missouri

Herndon, Lester M.
Age 17 Missouri  
Nephew
Scheible, Herman
Age 44 Missouri

Betts, William H.
Age 42 New York

Betts, Ora
Age 38 Missouri

Rost, Dalles W.
Age 41 New York

Gentsch, Herman L.
Age 28 Utah


SUSITNA  1910 U.S.CENSUS
NAME
BORN
NOTES
Gill, Oscar
Gill, Emma
Gill, Victor
Gill, William
Dorman, Henry
Dorman, Henry C.
Gill, Hilberry
Age 29 Pennsylvania
Age  24 Iowa
Age 3 Washington
Age 2  Alaska
Age 61 Germany
Age      Iowa
Age 32 Iowa

Wife
Son
Son
Father-in-law
Son
Brother
Ryan, Idin C.
Age 48 Pennsylvania

Clark, John
Age 49 Michigan

Fekite, Steve
Age 21 Hungary
Entered USA 1905
Burnton, Tom
Burnton, Della
Age 24 Kansas
Age 21 Idaho

Wife
Cobb, Arthur
Age 34 Texas

Sharp, Henry
Age 46 England
Entered USA 1903
McMelian, Malcolm
Age 38 Missouri

High, Joseph J.
Age 32 Indiana

Bauer, Magdalena
Age 34 Germany
Engered USA 1897
Ridley, George
Age 44 Michigan

Nagley, Horace
Age 33 Washington

Hanson, Chris
Age 66 Denmark
Entered USA 1885
Kelley, Sam
AGe 49 North Carolina

White, James
White, Rose L.
Age 36 England
Age 39 England
Entered USA 1901
Entered USA 1903
Mertland, William
Age 29 Canada

Briton, Case
Age 34 Illinois

Morris, John W.
Morris, Anna L.
Morris, Matheu S.
Morris, ________
Age 40 Texas
Age 21 Pennsylvania
Age 3 California
Age 5 Washington

Wife
Son
Daughter
Price, Hugh
Age 38 Iowa

Gates, George A.
Age 57 Iowa

Martin, Carl E.
Age 26 Iowa

Nichols, Hattie
Age 21 Montana

Anderson, Henry
Age 54 Minnesota

Lindberg, James
Age 44 Sweden

Williams, John
Age 48 Canada

Axel, Wilberg
Age 27 Sweden

Goodell, Huie
Age 36 Kansas

Johnson, Will
Age 38 Iowa

Hitchcock, Green B.
Age 52 Washington

Weirman, Joe
Age 38 Oregon

Stewart, Thos. M.
Age 37 California

Heath, Paul
Age 21 Germany

Nirison, Robert
Age 58 Canada

Perkins, Geo
Age 52 New York

Williams, Jack
Age 64 Rhode Island

Coffee, John
Age 35 Canada

Kummenacher, Joe
Age 28 Germany
Entered USA 1884
Keller, John
Age 48 Germany

Goth, Lenard
Age 50 Germany
Entered USA 1880
Johnson, Geo
Age 51 Iowa

Bonderant, Nelling
Age 61 Germany

McLean, Jack
Age 40 Scotland
Entered USA 1900
Lohan, Sam
Age 40 Norway

Dennison, William
Age 26 Iowa

Cramer, George
Age 41 Germany

Zorn, Frederick
Zorn, Otto
Age 51 Pennsylvania
Age 21 New York

Son
Cone, Cha E.
Age 67 Missouri

Blair, George
Age 48 Germany

Blowers, Sam E.
Age 26 Ohio

Hunter, ______?
Age 65 New York

Biggi, Frank
Biggi, Kittie
Age 38 England
Age 27 Virginia

Kast, Monroe
Age 56 Wisconsin

Stugner, Mike;
Age 52 Ohio

Fischer, Joe
Age 34 Minnesota

Brady, Joe
Age 34 Minnesota

Hardey, Chas L.
Age 25 Iowa

Bahrinberg, Henry
Age 31 California

Johnston, Fred
Age 51 Canada

Contts, Neal
Contts, Trigg
AGe 31 Scotland
Age 29 Pennsylvania

Wife
Carlson, William
Age 23 Alaska

Robinson, Howard S.
Age 40 Arkansas

Zavealglya, Domimick
Age 34 Italy

Anderson, Claus
Age 40 Sweden

Park, William J.
Age 40 Ireland

Kyvig, Knute
Kyvig, Gretha
Age 42 Norway
Age 38 Norway

Wife
Marshell, Robert L.
Marshell, Hilda
Marshell, Robert V.
Age 41 Ireland
Age 39 Sweden
Age 3 Alaska

Wife
Son
Oleson, Ernie E.
Age 46 Norway

Wadell, Wilson
Age 38 Massachusetts

Sorenson, Henry
Age 51 Denmark

Evan, John
Evan, Educia
Effim, Little
Effim, Danna
Pete, Big
Age 30
Age 39 Lodger
Age 17 Nephew
Age 15 Niece
Age 19 Nephew
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Effim, John
Effim, Ocimia
Effim, Engma
Effim, Ruffe
Effim, Belvell
Effim, Andrew
Effim, Anna
Alexander
Age 40
Age 30  (wife)
Age 13  (daughter)
Age 7  (son)
Age 6  (son)
Age 3  (son)
Age 4 months (daughter)
Age 75  (father-in-law)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Evan, Longhair
Evan, Educia
Evan, Christina
Evan, Mary
_____, Mary
Negeta, Sam
Age 40
Age 16  (wife)
Age 2 mos. (daughter)
Age 14
Age 50  (lodger)
Age 15  (lodger)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Evan, Big
Evan, Anna
Evan, Jack
Evan, Valia
Evan, John
Evan, Little
Evan, Dick
Age 45
Age 34  (wife)
Age 16  (son)
Age 14  (daughter)
Age 34   (?)
Age 31  (lodger)
Age 3 (lodger)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Evan, Chief
Evan Cataline
Evan, Alick
Evan, Vecilia
Age 70
Age 60  (wife)
Age 13  (son)
Age 20  (lodger)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Pete, Nicholi
 Pete, Anna
Pete, Vicilia
Pete, Bedelma
Pete, Alexandra
Age 40
Age 40 (wife)
Age 16 (son)
Age 15 (son)
Age 3 (daughter
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe

Stephan
Stephan, Vernscola
Stephan, Nagiffer
Stephan, Cathrina
Age 50 (Widower)
Age 20 (Widow)
Age 2 (son)
Age 18 (daughter)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe

Evan, Red Shirt
Evan, Natalia
Evan, Lacesia
Evan, Oakaleana
Age 30
Age 20 (wife)
Age 16 (lodger)
Age 10 (lodger)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe

Jacko, Jack
Jacko, Anna
Jacko, Nadalia
Jacko, Silva
Jacko, Stephan
Jacko, Charlie
Jacko, Andrew
Jacko, Engia
Jacko, Nick
Age 27
Age 40 (wife)
Age 18 (daughter)
Age 24 ( son)
Age 20 (son)
Age 17 (son)
Age 10 (son)
Age 9 (daughter)
Age 6 (son)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe

Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe

Stephan, Little
Stephan, Belia
Stephan, Stephan
Stephan, Alexan
Stephan, Nick
Stephan, Alvan
Stephan, Anna
Valia, John
Balia
Alick
Valaska
Balia Baby
Barvill
Age 40
Age 40 (wife)
Age 15 (son)
Age 8 (daughter)
Age 7 (son)
Age 6 (son)
Age 1 mos. (daughter)
Age 20 (lodger)
Age 20 (lodger)
Age 5 (lodger)
Age 3 (lodger)
Age 3 mos. (lodger)
Age 18 (boarder)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe

Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe

Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe

Chuma, John
Chuma, Madali
Jacko, Little
Age 22
Age 17 (wife)
Age 18 (lodger)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe

Effim, Big
Effim, Liminu
Effim, Assibidu
Effim, Stephan
Effim, Engia
Effim, Willie
Age 27
Age 17 (wife)
Age 15 (sister)
Age 75 (father) (widower)
Age 14 (sister)
Age 12 (brother)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe

Susitna Tribe
Cashur, Philip
Age 25 Russia
Entered USA 1908
Stippin, James
Age 30 Russia
Engered USA 1909
Onebrak, John
Age 26 Norway

Holden, Claud
Age 22 Kansas

Miller, Arthur
Age 28 Wisconsin

Wagner, Sam
Age 32 Pennsylvania

Lason, John
Age 43 New York

Murry, William
Age 27 Wisconsin

Drew, Joseph
Age 34 Belgium

Merideth, Tom
Age 52 Ohio

Peterson, William
Age 55 Minnesota

Gouthier, Albert
Age 32 Canada
Entered USA 1896
Bingham, Albert H.
Age 36

Denny, John
Age 42 Pennsylvania

McDonald, William
McDonald, Minnie
McDonald, Clyde
Age 53 Scotland
Age 52 Germany
Age 18 Washington
Entered USA 1860
Entered USA 1862
Piggel, John C.
Age 55  Indiana
Widower
Irwin, William
Age 49 Nebraska
Widower

SUSITNA RIVER 1910 U.S.CENSUS
NAME
BORN
NOTES
McManus, William
Age 40  New York

Wood, Clara P.
Age 27 California
Lodger


SUSITNA STATION 1920 U.S.CENSUS
NAME
BORN
NOTES
Healy, Rowland
Age 44 Ireland
Entered USA 1894
Mumphy, Michael
Age 44 Canada
Entered USA 1891
Johnson, Adelia
Age 38 Germany
Roadhouse Owner
Denison, William
Age 36 Iowa

Efrim, Jim
Efrim, Medie
Efrim, Baska
Efrim, Annie
Efrim, Andrew
Age 26
Age 24 (wife)
Age 10 (step-son)
Age 6 mos. (daughter)
Age 12 (brother)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe

Shim, Pete
Shim, Inga
Joko
Fidodle
Chiligan
Stepan
Age 23
Age 19 (wife)
Age 60 (mother-in-law)
Age 9 (orphan)
Age 20 (widower)
Age 1 (orphan)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Stepan
Stepan, Okulena
Stepan, Nick
Stepan, Levan
Stepan, Annie
Stepan, Ewole
Stepan, Alexander
Age 62
Age 18 (wife)
Age 20 (son)
Age 12 (son)
Age 9 (daughter)
Age 7 (son)
Age 9 (orphan)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Nicolai
Age 47
Susitna Tribe
Evan, Alex
Age 22
Susitna Tribe
Collins, Patrick
Age 42 Connecticutt
White
Stepan
Inga
Bobbie
Annie
Buger
Age 23
Age 20 (wife)
Age 13 (brother-in-law)
Age 9 (sister-in-law)
Age 7 (brother-in-law)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Stepan
Alexan
Tom
Woodrow
Christine
Age 28
Age 27 (wife)
Age 3 (son)
Age 1 (son)
Age 10 (orphan)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe

Bobbie
Kittie
Sava
Gemoska
Age 52
Age 18 (wife)
Age 12 (cousin)
Age 6 (orphan)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe

Evan, John
Evan, Mona
Mary
Nicolai
Gadena
Stepan
Olga
Billy
Simeon
Age 40
Age 18 (wife)
Age 48 (lodger) (widow)
Age 18 (orphan)
Age 13 (orphan)
Age 10 (orphan)
Age 7 (orphan)
Age 5 (orphan)
Age 3 (orphan)
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe

Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe
Susitna Tribe



SUSITNA STATION 1930 U.S.CENSUS
NAME
BORN
NOTES
McQuire, Edward
Age 58 Pennsylvania
Fur Trapper
Gedgean, Jean
Age 52 Kentucky
Fur Trapper
Matheson, Robert
Matheson, Chas
Age 38 Texas
Age 46 Texas (brother)
Fur Trapper
Fur Trapper
Austin, W. E.
Austin, Luca
Age 47 California
Age 45 Athabascan
Boatman
Pierce, Chas W.
Age 65 Canada
Fur Trapper
Wilson, Chas
Age 40 Unknown
Fur Trapper
Ohman, Eric
Age 43 Sweden
Trapper
Zorn, Frederic
Age 72 Austria
Mineral Explorer
Jones, Ray
Jones, Eva
Age 30 Michigan
Age 18 Canada
Fur Farmer
Derry, Fred
Age 56 Ireland
Fur Trapper
Gagnon, Alfred D.
Age 45 Minnesota
Fur Trapper
Caugnan, Fred
Age 43 Canada
Fur Trapper
Patterson, William
Age 47 Ireland
Fur Trapper
McLean, John
Age 52 Scotland
Fur Trapper
Jansen, S. W.
Age 46 Denmark
Fur Trapper
Trepte, Mukea
Age 36 Russia
Fur Trapper
Kusei, Walter
Age 30 Germany
Fur Trapper
Shallabarger, Max
Shallabarger, Belle
Shallabarger, Maxine
Shallabarger, Clifford
Shallabarger, Leon
Age 30 Colorado
Age 31 Oregon (wife)
Age  9 Oregon (daughter)
Age 7 Oregon (son)
Age 1 Alaska (son)
Trapper
McElroy, John H.
Age 48 Illinois
Trapper
Norberg, John
Age 43 Sweden
Trapper
Ross, Ernest E.
Ross, Ethel Bessie
Ross,  Ernest Jr.
Age 32 Oregon
Age 27 Oregon (wife)
Age 7 Oregon (son)
Carpenter

Wagner, Sam
Age 56 Montana
Trapper
Strom, Albert
Age 40  Texas
Trapper
Goodell, Huie
Goodell, Ella E.
Age 55 Kansas
Age 42 Texas (wife)
Trapper
Wood, Burns
Age 27 Louisianna
Trapper
Jensen, Emil
Jensen, Robert E.
Age 38 Denmark
Age 27 Denmark (brother)
Trapper
Trapper
Kadgin, Edmund
Age 50 Ohio
Fisherman
Walker, W. H.
Age 53 Oregon
Fur Trapper
Heffner, Alfred
Age 49 Montana
Fur Trapper
Winter, Fred
Age 71 Germany
Fur Trapper
Ryan, J. E.
Ryan, Elsie
Age 35 Oregon
Age 27 Washington (wife)
Trapper
Nelson, Chas
Age 71 Sweden
blank
Briggs, E. G.
Age 48 Arizona
Fur Trapper
Forry, George
Age 49  USA
Fur Trapper
Geise, Emil
Age 33 Germany
Fur Trapper
Thompson, G. E.
Thompson, A. L.
Age 39 Montana
Age 35 Montana (brother)
Fur Trapper
Fur Trapper
Keller, John J.
Age 70 Switzerland
Fur Trapper
Healy, R. R.
Age 55 Ireland
Trader in General Store
Besset, J. W.
Age 50 "Foreign"
Fur Trapper


SUSITNA VILLAGE 1930 U.S.CENSUS
NAME
BORN
NOTES
NOTES
Barbul, Nicholi
Age 27
Athabascan
Fur Trapper
George, Henry
Age 23
Athabascan
Fur Trapper
Jacko, Annie
Age 65  Widow
Athabascan

Stephan, Anderson
Stephan, Sava
Age 23 Widower
Age 9 (son)
Athabascan
Athabascan
Fur Trapper
Stephan, Kroto
Stephan, Nick
Stephan, Levan
Stephan Nena
Age 65
Age 26 (son)
Age 20 (son)
Age 9 (daughter)
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Fur Trapper
Fisherman
Cannery Laborer
Chelattin, Chelattin
Chelattin, Christina
Chelattin, Alexander
Chelattin, Joe
Chelattin, Kathryn
Chelattin, Inga
Age 50
Age 45 (wife)
Age 22 (step-son)
Age 20 (step-son)
Age 18 (step-daughter)
Age 14 (step-daughter )
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Fisherman

Trapper
Fisherman

Ephim, Jimmy
Ephim, Media
Ephim, Bosco
Ephim, Irene
Age 36
Age 33 (wife)
Age 11 (son)
Age 9 (daughter)
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Fisherman
Stephan, Jackso
Stephan, Alexan
Stephan, Tommy
Stephan, Nora
Stephan, Balda
Age 45
Age 30 (wife)
Age 14 (son)
Age 8 (daughter)
Age 2 (son)
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Cannery Laborer
Pete, Billy
Pete, Anne
Pete, Coronia
Pete, Wilua
Age 32
Age 25 (wife)
Age 11 (daughter )
Age 7 (son)
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Cannery Laborer
Stephan, Bobby
Stephan, Katie
Stephan, Nellie
Stephan, Fedora
Stephan, Olga
Age 36
Age 27 (wife)
Age 9 (daughter)
Age 7 (daughter)
Age 5 (daughter)
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Fur Trapper
Pete, Shem
Pete, Billy
Pete, Mary
Pete, William
Age 30 Widower
Age 10 (son)
Age 8 (daughter)
Age 1 (son)
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Athabascan
Cannery Laborer
Semyon, E. P.
Age 53 Widower
Athabascan
Fisherman


SUSITNA STATION 1940 U.S.CENSUS
NAME
BORN
NOTES
Woods, Burns A.
Woods, Ruth
Age 38 Louisiana
Age 23 Minnesota
Trapper
Trapper
Amondt, Christian
Nickoli, Joe
Age 78 Norway
Age 4  (lodger)
Grocery Clerk at Nagley's
Austin, William E.
Austin, Lukia
Danilof, Nancy

Age 57 California
Age 50 Athabascan
Age 10 Athabascan (lodger)

Trapper
Trapper
Keller, John J.
Age 79 Switzerland
Pension
Pete, Shem
Pete, Billy
Age 39 Athabascan
Age 20 Athabascan (son)
Emard's Cannery
Emard's Cannery
Nickoli, William
Nicoli, Barbeal
Age 22 Athabascan
Age 42 Athabascan (mother)
Trapper
Trapper

SKWENTNA AND YENTNA WATERSHED AREA 1940
U.S.CENSUS

NAME
BORN
NOTES
Shellabarger, Maxwell
Shellabarger, Bell
Shellabarger, Clifford
Shelabarger, Leon
Age 40 Colorado
Age 41 Oregon
Age 17 Oregon (son)
Age 11 Alaska (son)
Fur Business
Postmaster
Bull, Chester
Age 44 Wisconsin
Railroad Brakeman
McLean, John
Age 70 Scotland
Trapper
Skaggs, James D.
Age 30 South Dakota
Trapper
Ross, Howard S.
Age 29 South Dakota
Trapper
Quigg, Fred
Age 35 Ohio
Trapper
Ward, George
Age 52 Missouri
Trapper
Shupert, Ernie
Age 25 Montana
Trapper
Forry, George
Age 60 Wisconsin
Trapper
Gagnon, George
Age 55 Minnesota
Trapper
Heffner, Alfred
Age 57 Minnesota
Trapper
Kreager, Walter
Age 72 Oklahoma
Railroad Laborer
Patterson, William
Age 60 Ireland
Trapper

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