Yusdishlaq' Village and Susitna Station in Alaska .
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YUSDISHLAQ and NEARBY
SUSITNA STATION
ALASKA


by Coleen Mielke 
 

2019


Protected by Copyscape


Everyone has heard of Susitna Station, but few have heard of Yusdishlaq. Yusdishlaq was a Dena'ina village situated on a mile long island that sat mid-river in front of Susitna Station pre-1900.

These two (now abandoned) villages were located 2 miles down river from the confluence of the Yentna and Susitna Rivers.

 


Yusdishlaq Village and Susitna Station 1898

The first Russian Orthodox Church, in the Susitna River drainage area, was built on Yusdishlaq Island in the 1860's or 1870's. By 1885, the island was also home to an ACC store and many Dena'ina cabins. Shem Pete, a Dena'ina Elder, was born on this island in 1900. He said that Yusdishlaq means "On the Little Point".

~~~~~


In 1898, the U.S. Government sent three teams of men to explore Alaska. Their main task was to find access into Alaska's Interior without crossing British [Canadian] Territory. One of the men was A.Shirley Smith. He wrote an article about his travels on the Susitna River and Yusdishlaq Island. The following are excerpts from that article titled In the Wilds of Alaska which was published in the The World Wide Magazine in 1898.

"The Natives of this part of Alaska present a somewhat interesting study. Their villages are built without any attention to regular order. The houses are of logs, usually consisting of 1 or 2 rooms and an outer shed which also acts as a storm door to the house and always contains an open fire of logs. The roofs are covered with strips of birch bark, held in place by logs laid upon them."

"Each cabin has its attendant cache, a small house built of logs and mounted upon high posts. In the cache is stored dried fish and other provisions of the owner, secured from predatory animals. Each supporting post usually has a circlet of tin or other metal near the top, to prevent the encroachment of the smaller climbing animals. Attached to many of the houses, is a low structure of logs, with the floor sunk underground and an entrance a few inches square, leading into the cabin. These are bath-houses. The Russians taught these people the use of the steam bath and at least once each week, a huge fire is built, great stones heated, and the families retire into these cells. The hot stones are then brought in and water poured over them, making a dense steam; this is followed by a general rubbing down and massage of one another."

"The priest is the real head of the tribe, although there is generally a Head Chief and Second Chief to each. All the tribes of the Sushitna district are under the spiritual leadership of one man, Father Ivan Bortnofsky. He is stationed at Kenai and has nine villages under his charge, which he visits at least twice each year. He is an earnest man and venerated by his scattered flock."


Ivan, Head Chief of the "Middle Shushitna Tribe"
and Father Ivan Bortnovsky of Kenai  1898
(Photo taken by A.Shirley Smith)


"Each native bears two names, one of Indian origin and the other conferred upon him at his baptism into the Greek Church. For the latter, the name of one of the saints of the church is generally selected and as there are not enough saints to go around, the result is a puzzling duplication of cognomens. Ask for "Stephan" at one of their villages and four or five will appear; whilst 'Ivan' will bring forth half of the male population."

"The ordinary costume of the natives is a travesty on that civilization. For the men, a flannel shirt and overall pantaloons with always a Derby hat if they can get it. The squaws wear a loose gown of printed cotton goods, usually much the worse for wear.....on gala occasions a new gown, with a bright bandana kerchief on the head and beaded moccasins set off the woman, while the men appear in the full glory of "store clothes" of varied makes."

"The natives bury their dead, erecting over each a structure of hewn logs or sometimes (in the case of children) a little tent of gaily colored calico, with always the triple cross of the Greek Church at the head. One custom is peculiar, the dead are always buried with the head to the north east."

"It is difficult to obtain a photograph of the native women. They seem to have great objection to having it done and it is only under positive orders from their Chief that they will pose.........the men are not so chary about having their pictures took and the camera was a never ending source of wonder and amusement to them. Allowed to look through it (at their companions), they would evince the greatest delight, chattering volubly and laughing heartily at seeing them apparently standing on their heads. They could not understand how it was possible to see people upside down whom they knew were standing on their feet. One old fellow insisted on turning the camera over and then looking through it and was mystified at this making no difference."


WOMEN and CHILDREN ON SUSITNA RIVER
Photo taken by A.Shirley Smith  1898

"The food of the natives consists mostly of dried salmon and other fish, also the flesh of moose and such other animals as they may kill during the fall and winter. Salmon forms the bulk of their diet and is plentiful during the season, which begins about July 1st and lasts until frost comes in September. It is a common occurrence during a canoe trip for the Indians to reach out and capture a salmon in their hands as it is swimming past the boat. The natives clean and strip the fish and then hang it up to dry in the open air, using no salt or other preservative. Each cabin, during the season, has before it a frame work filled with the drying fish. The preparation of the salmon drying, etc., is entirely the work of the squaws."

"The Sushitna Indian builds his boats of birch bark or, for navigating the Inlet, of the skins of the hair seal. In the construction of these boats, he manifests considerable ingenuity, but little originality of design. The framework is always of spruce, bound together with sinew or with spruce roots split to the requisite thickness. The joints and imperfect places in the bark are rendered water tight by cementing with copious applications of spruce gum. These boats are very light. Two men can hold one up with little effort and they can safely carry about 400 lbs."

"The ascent of the Sushitna River proved to be a difficult and tedious accomplishment. Now wading and dragging the boats through the riffles, then towing them by long ropes through the swift reaches, first hewing a trail through the dense underbrush along the banks or again crossing and re-crossing the river constantly to avoid the rapids as much as possible. The progress was very slow, sometimes five miles, sometimes a little more in a days work."

"Twenty-five  miles above the mouth of the Sushitna river, the Alaska Commercial Company established a trading post for the accommodation of the Indians and prospectors. There is also an Indian village at the same place. This writer was at this trading post on September 7th, 8th and 9th [1898], when there occurred a sudden flood which did a great deal of damage. It had rained steadily for days; not the gentle rain of the temperate zone, but a steady downpour, as if the heavens were opened for the destruction of the world. The river rose slowly but surely. Not withstanding the numerous channels, it became full and finally overran its banks. The swift current began to wash out the banks and sections, sometimes acres, in extent and bearing great trees upon them, crashed into the water with loud reports that reverberated among the mountains like thunder."

"Steadily the water rose. The Indians beheld with horror the approaching ruin of their cabins and stores of food. They held night services in their little log church and thus tried to avert the impending disaster. Finally, they got out of their canoes and placed in them, the most precious of their effects and then awaited the coming of daylight."


YUSDISHLAQ  ISLAND  beginning of the flood
Taken 9/6/1898 by A. Shirley Smith


"When day broke, on the morning of September 9th, it showed a scene of desolation and damage. The water was nearly 4' deep all over the island on which the trading post was situated. All the houses were uninhabitable and only the store proper and the cache's, on their high foundations, were above the water and the river was still rising. All night the white men and Indians had worked, side by side, in the darkness to save their precious goods and outfits. There were, at the trading post, large quantities of prospectors outfits, clothing and food, mostly that had been cached in the log houses by those who had gone up river and not yet returned. These were nearly all covered by the water and lost; each man at the post worked hard to save property without respect to ownership. Owing to the scarcity of boats, it was impossible to save all, and of course, each man looked out for his own first."


YUSDISHLAQ ISLAND  FLOOD
Photo taken by A.Shirley Smith 1898


"Breakfast that morning was light and prepared in many novel ways. One party built a fire on a little knoll, the top of which projected a few inches from the water, and they fried the inevitable bacon and pancakes over it. Another party set up their camp stove in their boat and cooked on it, standing around knee deep in the water to eat the meal. At 6 AM all hands turned in to help remove the goods from the traders store and by noon, all abandoned the island for the mainland, getting across the swollen channel in their heavy boats with difficulty, but without accident."

END OF SMITH's ARTICLE

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As I understand it, after the flood of 1898, everyone from the island of Yusdishlaq moved to Susitna Station permanently, including the ACC store.

In about 1907, H.W.Nagley, with the financial backing of Frank Churchill and Arnold Litchfield, built a trading post at Susitna Station. A year later, the money men backed out of the deal and sold everything to the Alaska Commercial Company.

In 1908, Nagley decided to build his own store, but the land he wanted was owned by Susitna Chief "Big Evan", so, on 6/10/1908, he and the Chief traded lots (Deed Vol.1, page 264 Susitna) and Nagley built his store.

After gold was discovered in Alaska's Interior in 1909, foot/horse/sled traffic through Susitna Station on their way to Iditarod grew substantially which meant the white population grew as well. By 1910, Susitna Station had at least two trading posts, a roadhouse, school, church, post office, saw mill and at least two grave yards. Traffic through this area increased even more when the Federal Government surveyed and improved a trail to Nome. The trail upgrade started at Kern Creek, just north of Seward, then went to Knik, Susitna Station and on to Skwentna, Rainy Pass, Rohn, Takotna, Ophir, Shaktoolik, Safety and finally Nome.



Looking across the Susitna River towards Susitna Station in about 1917
Reed Family Papers at UAF 
 

Susitna Station Business Section at high tide (in about 1917)
Photo taken by Phinney S. Hunt for the Alaska Engineering Commission


The Susitna Station Post Office was open from 1906 to 1943. On the far right side of this photo is H. W. Nagley's General Store, which operated from 1908 to 1918.

Influenza of 1918-1920 decimated the Dena'ina population at Susitna Station. Those that survived, slowly moved away, with the final 30 (or so) moving to Tyonek in 1934 when Tyonek's Chief Simeon Chickalusion invited them. The very last Dena'ina to live at Susitna Station was Nikolai Barbol and his wife Mattie Stepan (both born at Susitna about 1885) and their pre-school nephew named Nick Nicolai. This family was the only family listed on the 1941 BIA Census for Susitna Station. Records show that they lived in a 12' x 14' framed house, had 3 dogs and a canoe.

When my husband was a boy (in the 1950's) his family boated up the Susitna River to visit with an old family friend (Howard Ross) at Susitna Station.  The water had eroded the river bank to a great extent and the only thing still standing (as he remembers it) was Nagley's old store, but it too was on the verge of falling into the river. It still had bales of tea packed in lead foil, mouse traps, feather dusters, round bottom fire buckets, catalogs and receipt books that the Nagley family left behind in 1918. 



THIS ALASKA COMMERCIAL COMPANY TRADING POST
SUSITNA STATION

The following census record, for Susitna Station, is fairly complete, however, the person who took down the information, not only spelled phonetically, but made statistical notations right over the top of some of the entries, making them nearly impossible to read.  I did my best to transcribe the record accurately, but there are (no doubt) errors here. Many of the people on this census record only had one name, as was custom until the Russian Orthodox church came into their lives and baptized them with two names.



SUSITNA STATION 1900

NAME                          Born                                   _

CLEGHORN, JAMES               1856              NEW YORK  (to AK 1886)
CLEGHORN, MARIA               1872              TYONEK TRIBE
CLEGHORN, JENNIE              1894              SUSHETNA
CLEGHORN, LUCY                1896              SUSHETNA
CLEGHORN, JAMES               1898              SUSHETNA
CLEGHORN, MARY                1900              SUSHETNA
BALLOU, KATIE (stepdaughter)  1891              SUSHETNA

McCONAHAY, ARTHUR            1858               IOWA  
McCONAHAY, MARTHA            1868               KNIK TRIBE
McCONAHAY, MARY              1893               SUSHETNA
McCONAHAY, JAMES             1895               SUSHETNA
McCONAHAY, MARTHA A.         1897               SUSHETNA
McCONAHAY, KATIE             1899               SUSHETNA

STOLL, LEWIS                 1898               ILLINOIS
ECKLES, L.                   1898                       
HARTZELL, SAM                1898               PENNSYLVANIA
HERNDON, L.                  1896               MISSOURI
PERRY, WILLIAM               1896               ENGLAND
CHURCHILL, FRANK             1898               NOVA SCOTIA

TUTUSTOOTKA                  1845               SUSHETNA TRIBE
(can't read wife's name)     1868               SUSHETNA TRIBE
CHEYA  (son)                 1892               SUSHETNA TRIBE
EPHIMKA  (son)               1894               SUSHETNA TRIBE
AGRIFINA  (daughter)         1898               SUSHETNA TRIBE
TILKELNA  (mother-in-law)    1852               SUSHETNA TRIBE
STEPHAN  (brother-in-law)    1888               SUSHETNA TRIBE

ILKITNATAKEN                 1855               SUSHETNA TRIBE
KLUTALNA                     1865               SUSHETNA TRIBE
IVAN   (son)                 1892               SUSHETNA TRIBE
STEPHAN (son)                1894               SUSHETNA TRIBE
CHANAGAN  (son)              1898               SUSHETNA TRIBE
TEKESHAN   (daughter)        1899               SUSHETNA TRIBE

KUTCHILNA  (widower)         1855               SUSHETNA TRIBE
KUSTATAN (son)               1877               SUSHETNA TRIBE
OLGA (daughter)              1884               SUSHETNA TRIBE
NADALHIA  (daughter)         1887               SUSHETNA TRIBE
MARIA  (daughter)            1892               SUSHETNA TRIBE
TAKISHAN (daughter)          1897               SUSHETNA TRIBE

KUSTAHKAN                    1852               SUSHETNA TRIBE
GUNINA                       1860               SUSHETNA TRIBE
CHUNA  (daughter)            1889               SUSHETNA,TRIBE
BUGHCAN (son)                1887               SUSHETNA TRIBE
SETER  (step-son)            1885               SUSHETNA TRIBE
SYWITNA  (daughter)          1892               SUSHETNA TRIBE
INGA (daughter)              1894               SUSHETNA TRIBE
CHENAGAN (son)               1898               SUSHETNA TRIBE
TEKISHAN  (daughter)         1899               SUSHETNA TRIBE

MYETTA                       1860               SUSHETNA TRIBE
TEIT                         1865               SUSHETNA TRIBE
AHKYKA  (daughter)           1891               SUSHETNA TRIBE
PERUTCHIA  (son)             1893               SUSHETNA TRIBE
NUNETEHLAN (daughter         1895               SUSHETNA TRIBE
KISHAU  (daughter)           1899               SUSHETNA TRIBE
IGNACIA  (brother-in-law)                       SUSHETNA TRIBE

SLINTHA                      1855               SUSHETNA TRIBE
STEPANETTA                   1860               SUSHETNA TRIBE
NILVISH (son)                1891               SUSHETNA TRIBE
STEPHAN (son)                1899               SUSHETNA TRIBE

PHILIP                       1850               SUSHETNA TRIBE
PETE  (son)                  1878               SUSHETNA TRIBE
SHERIGAN  (son)              1882               SUSHETNA TRIBE
NELCHUCK (daughter)          1884               SUSHETNA TRIBE
STEPHAN (son)                1887               SUSHETNA TRIBE
WETSHUM (son)                1890               SUSHETNA TRIBE
NICHOLI (son)                1894               SUSHETNA TRIBE
BECILINTOOTNA (son-in-law)   1870               SUSHETNA TRIBE
NELCHUCK (wife)              1882               SUSHETNA TRIBE
NICHOLI (son)                1896               SUSHETNA TRIBE
MARPHA (daughter)            1898               SUSHETNA TRIBE

CHEKAK                       1865               SUSHETNA TRIBE
NICKORN  (wife)              1870               SUSHETNA TRIBE
TUNILNA (daughter)           1888               SUSHETNA TRIBE
TEKESHAN (daughter)          1894               SUSHETNA TRIBE
CHANIGAN (son)               1898               SUSHETNA TRIBE
AFANASSE (adopted son)       1886               SUSHETNA TRIBE
TURILNA (adopted daughter)   1888               SUSHETNA TRIBE

BETULCHIL                    1860               SUSHETNA TRIBE
ISANFRA??                    1870               SUSHETNA TRIBE
CHEM    (daughter)           1892               SUSHETNA TRIBE
KATRINA (daughter)           1894               SUSHETNA TRIBE

BITAHEKAYAN                  1865               SUSHETNA TRIBE
COCHANA                      1870               SUSHETNA TRIBE
STEPHAN    (son)             1892               SUSHETNA TRIBE
ALEXA (son)                  1894               SUSHETNA TRIBE

NOTE:  The following marriage record was found tucked into some DNR records.

7/13/1912 JACKO (also known as "Hanson") a Native and Inga a Native girl were united in marriage
by Lee Van Flyke U. S. Commissioner at Susitna, witnessed by Mrs. H. W . Nagley.


SUSITNA STATION 1910

Anderson, John P. 48 b. England  To USA 1908
Boland, John 40 b. California
Nown, Charles 40 b. Massachusetts
Weatherell, Thomas 40 b. New York
Delebar, Otto 34 b. Germany To USA 1901
Howard, Rock 34 b. Idaho
Hewis, Charles L. 41 b. Indiana
Mathieson, Donald 25 b. Canada To USA 1902
Wood, Cyril A. 26 b. California
Grant, Frank A. 29 b. Scotland To USA 1900
Plowman, Oscar G. 35 b. Idaho
Bower, Jacob 24 b. Kansas
Roe, Ford 35 b. Oregon
Bryce, Dan 36 b. Scotland To USA 1880
Hanigman, Peter 30 b. Germany to USA 1901
Cameron, George E. 32 b. Canada To USA  1898
Morgan, Charles 31 b. Mississippi
Colas, Robert H. 40 b. New York
Williams, Philip 36 b. Pennsylvania
Ferris, Herbert 29 b. Missouri
Collins, Patrick J. 32 b. Connecticut
Johnson, Hans 42 b. Denmark To USA 1881
Olson, John 31 b. Denmark To USA 190?
Olson, Martin 22 b. Denmark To USA 190?
Lee, Ole M. 49 b. Norway To USA 1906
Watts, Charles 44 b. Ohio
McTavish, James 45 b. Australia
Watts, Charles Jr. 13 b. Oregon
McComb, Ins. J.  38 b. Ohio
Nelson, Albert J. 48 b. Sweden
Fehl, John M. 34 b. Indiana
Honigger, Emil 45 b. Switzerland
Carlson, Ole 46 b. Sweden
Sandeson, John 38 b. Minnesota
Lindstrom, Sven 36 b. Minnesota
Rogers, Henry 38 b. California
Petarie, Louis 26 b. France
Berg, Ole 45 b. Norway
Erskin, William T. 29 b. California
Erskin, Nellie W. 23 b. California
Wilson, Hiram J. 49 b. Illinois
Jacobs, Charles H. 38 b. Pennsylvania
Moria, William J. 49 b. Illinois
Herndon, Lester H. 42 b. Missouri
Herndon, Lester M. 17 (nephew) b. Missouri
Scheible, Herman 44 b. Missouri
Betts, William H. 42 b. New York
Betts, Ora 38 b. Missouri
Rost, Dalles W. 41 b. New York
Gentsch, Herman L. 28 b. Utah

SUSITNA 1910
  (words in BLUE are my best guesses)

Gill, Oscar 29 b. Pennsylvania
Gill, Emma 24  (wife) b. Iowa
Gill, Victor 3 b. (son) Washington
Gill, William 2 b. (son) Alaska
Dorman, Henry 61 (father-in-law) b. Germany To USA 1867
Dorman, Henry C. (son) b. Iowa
Gill, Hilberry 32 (brother) b. Iowa
Ryan, Idin C. 48 b. Pennsylvania
Clark, John 49 b. Michigan
Fekite, Steve 21 b. Hungary To USA 1905
Burnton, Tom 24 b. Kansas
Burnton, Della 21 (wife) b. Idaho
Cobb, Arthur 34 b. Texas
Sharp, Henery 46 b. England To USA 1903
McMelian, Malcolm 38 b. Missouri
High, Joseph J. 32 b. Indiana
Bauer, Magdalena 34 b. Germany To USA 1897
Ridley, Geo. 44 b. Michigan
Nagley, Horace 33 b. Washington
Hanson, Chris 66 b. Denmark To USA 1885
Kelley, Sam 49 b. North Carolina
G?????r, Ge__ 48 b. Maryland
White, James 36 b. England To USA 1901
White, Rose L. 39 b. England To USA 1903
Mertland, Willaim 29 b. Canada
Briton, Case 34 b. Illinois
Morris, John W. 40 b. Texas
Morris, Anna L. 21 (wife) b. Pennsylvania
Morris, Matheu S. 3 (son) b. California
Morris, ??? 5 (daughter) b. Washington
Price, Hugh 38 b. Iowa
Gates, Geo. A. 57 b. Iowa
Martin, Carl E. 26 b. Iowa
Nichols, Hattie 21 b. Montana
Anderson, Henry 54 b. Minnesota
Lindberg, James 55 b. Sweden To USA 1883
Williams, John 48 b. Canada To USA 1905
Bub, G_??? 39 b. Illinois
Axel, Wilberg 27 b. Sweden To USA 1883
Goodell, Huie 36 b. Kansas
Johnson, Will 38 b. Iowa
Hitchcock, Green B. 52 b. Washington
Weirman, Joe 38 b. Oregon
Stewart, Thos. M. 37 b. California
Heath, Paul 21 b. Germany To USA 1880
Nirison, Robert 58 b. Canada
Perkins, Geo. 52 b. New York
Williams, Jack 64 b. Rhode Island
Coffee, John 35 b. Canada
Kummenacher, Joe 28 b. Germany To USA 1884
Keller, John 48 b. Germany To USA 1882
Goth, Lenard 50 b. Germany To USA 1880
Johnson, Geo. 51 b. Iowa
Bonderant, Nelling 61 b. Germany To USA 1866
McLean, Jack 40 b. Scotland To USA 1900
Lohan, Sam 40 b. Norway To USA 1889
Dennison_, William 26 b. Iowa
Cramer, George 41 b. Germany To USA 1883
Zorn, Frederick 51 b. Pennsylvania
Zorn, Otto 21 (son) b. New York
Cone, Chas. E. 67 b. Missouri
Blair, Geor. 48 b. Germany To USA 1884
Blowers, Same E. 26 b. Ohio
Hunter, S???? 65 b. New York
Biggi, Frank 38 b. England To USA 1885
Biggi, Kittie 27 (wife) b. Virginia
Kast, Monroe 56 b. Wisconsin
Stugner, Mike 52 b. Ohio
Fischer, Joe 34 b. Minnesota
Brady, Joe 34 b. Minnesota
Hardey, Chas. L. 25 b. Iowa
Bahrinberg, Henry 31 b. California
Johnston, Fred 51 b. Canada To USA 1882
Contts, Neal 31 b. Scotland
Contts, Trigg 29 (wife) Pennsylvania
Carlson, William 23 b. Alaska
Robinson, Howard S. 40 b. Arkansas
Zavealglya, Dominick_35 b. Italy To USA 1883
Anderson, Claus 40 b. Sweden To USA 1885
Park, William J. 40 b. Ireland To USA 1888
Kyvig, Knute  A. 42 b. Norway To USA 1882
Kyvig, Gretha  38 (wife) b. Norway To USA 1888
Marshell, robert L. 41 b. Ireland To USA 1888
Marshell, Hilda 39 (wife) b. Sweden To USA 1889
Marshell, Robert V. 3 (son) b. Alaska
Oleson, Ernie E. 46 b. Norway
Wadell, Wilson 38 b. Massachusetts
Sorenson, Henry 51 b. Denmark To USA 1881

Evan, John 30   Head of house b. Alaska  /  Susitna Tribe
Evan, Educia 39 (lodger) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Effim, Little 17 (nephew) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Effim, Danna 15 (niece) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Pete, Big 19 (nephew) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe

Effim, John 40 Head of house b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Effim, Ocimia 30 (wife) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Effim, Engma 13 (daughter) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Effim, Ruffe 7 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Effim, Belvell 6 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Effim, Andrew 3 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Effim Anna 4 months (daughter) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Alexander 75 (father-in-law) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe

Evan, Longhair 40 Head of house b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Evan, Educia 16 (wife) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Evan Christina 2 months (daughter) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Evan, Mary  14  b. Alaska Susitna Tribe
Mary_???la  50 (lodger) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Negeta, Sam 15 (lodger) b. Alaska  / Susitna Tribe

Evan, Big  45  Head of house  b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Evan, Anna 34 (wife) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Evan, Jack 16 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Evan, Valia 14 (daughter) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Evan, John 34  (?????????) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Evan, Little 31 (lodger) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Evan, Dick 3 (lodger) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe

Evan, Chief  Head of house 70  b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Evan, Cataline__ 60 (wife) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Evan, Alick 13 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Vecilia  20 (lodger) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe

Pete, Nicholi 40 Head of house b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Pete, Anna 40 (wife) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Pete, Vicilia 16 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Pete, Bedelma 15 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Pete, Alexandra 3 (daughter) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe

Stephan      50 widower  Head of house b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Stephan, Vernscola 20 widow  (????) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Stephan, Nagiffer 2 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Stephan, Cathrina 18 (daughter) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe

Evan, Red Shirt 30  Head of house b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Evan, Natalia 20 (wife) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Evan, Lacesia 16 (lodger) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Evan, Oakaleana 10 (lodger) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe

Jacko, Jack 27 Head of house b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Jacko, Anna 40 (wife) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Jacko, Nadalia 18 (daughter) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Jacko, Silva 24 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Jacko, Stephan 20 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Jacko, Charlie 17 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Jacko, Andrew 10 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Jacko, Engia 9 (daughter) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Jacko, Nick 6 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe

Stephan, Little 40  Head of house b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Stephan, Belia 40 (wife) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Stephan, Stephan 15 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Stephan, Alexan 8 (daughter) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Stephan, Nick 7 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Stephan, Alvan_ 6 (son) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Stephan, Anna   1 month (daughter) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Valia, John 20 (lodger) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Balia  20 (lodger) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Alick 5 (lodger) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Valaska 3 (lodger) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Balia Baby 3 months (lodger) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Barvill 18 (boarder) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe

Chuma, John 22  Head of house  b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Chuma, Madali__ 17 (wife) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Jacko, Little 18 (lodger) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe

Effim, Big 27  Head of house b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Effim, Leo____ 17 (wife) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Effim, Ass????? 15 (sister) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Effim, Stephan 75 widower (father) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Effim, Endia 14 (sister) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe
Effim, Willie 12 (brother) b. Alaska / Susitna Tribe

Cashur, Philip 25 b. Russia To USA 1908
Stippin, James 30 b. Russia To USA 1909
Onebrak, John  26 b. Norway  To USA ????
Holden, Claud 22 b. Kansas
Miller, Arthur 28 b. Wisconsin
Wagner, Sam 32 b. Pennsylvania
Lason, John 43 b. New York
Murry, William 27 b. Wisconsin
Drew, Joseph 34 b. Belgium To USA ????
Merideth, Tom 52 b. Ohio
Peterson, William 55 b. Minnesota
Gouthier, Albert 32 b. Canada To USA 1896
Bingham, Albert H. 36 b. USA
Denny, John 42 b. Pennsylvania
McDonald, William 53 b. Scotland To USA 1860
McDonald, Minnie L. 52 (wife) b. Germany To USA 1862
McDonald, Clyde 18 (son) b. Washington
Piggell, John C. 55 widower  b. Indiana
Irwin, William 49 widower  (lodger) b. Nebraska

SUSITNA RIVER 1910

McManus, William 40 b. New York
Wood, Clara P. (lodger) 27 b. California



SUSITNA STATION 1920

Healy, Rowland        44        b. Ireland (to USA 1894)        Fur trapper
Mumphy, Michael       44        b. Canada  (to USA 1891)        Fur trapper
Johnson, Adelia       38        b. Germany (to USA 1885)        Roadhouse
Denison, William      36        b. Iowa                         Trapper
Efrim, Jim            26        b. Alaska                       Trapper
Efrim, Media          24        b. Alaska
Efrim, Baska          10        b. Alaska                        step-son
Efrim, Annie
                        6 mos.    b. Alaska                     daughter
Efrim, Andrew         12        b. Alaska                        brother
Shem, Pete            23        b. Alaska                        Trapper
Shem, Inge            19        b. Alaska                        Wife

Jacko, ______         60        b. Alaska                        Widow/mother-in-law
Fidodle                9        b. Alaska                        Orphan
Chiligan              20        b. Alaska                        Widower
Stepan                1         b. Alaska                        Orphan
Stepan               62         b. Alaska                        Trapper
Stepan, Okulena      18         b. Alaska                        Wife
Stepan, Nick         20         b. Alaska                        Son
Stepan, Levan        12         b. Alaska                        Son
Stepan, Annie         9         b. Alaska                        Daughter
Stepan, Ewole         7         b. Alaska                        Son
Stepan, Alexander     9         b. Alaska                        Orphan
Nicolai              47         b. Alaska                        Trapper
Evan, Alex           22         b. Alaska                        Trapper
Collins, Patrick     42         b. Connecticut                   Gold miner
Stepan               23         b. Alaska                        Trapper
Inga                 20         b. Alaska                        Wife
Bobbie               13         b. Alaska                        Brother-in-law
Annie                 9         b. Alaska                        Sister-in-law
Buger                 7         b. Alaska                        Brother-in-law
Stepan               28         b. Alaska                        Trapper
Alexan               27         b. Alaska                        Wife
Tom                   3         b. Alaska                        Son
Woodrow               1         b. Alaska                        Son
Christine            10         b. Alaska                        Orphan
Bobbie               52         b. Alaska                        Trapper
Kittie               18         b. Alaska                        Wife
Sava                 12         b. Alaska                        Cousin
Gemoska               6         b. Alaska                        Orphan
Evan, John           40         b. Alaska                        Trapper
Evan, Moona          18         b. Alaska                        Wife
???Nis, ___???       48         b. Alaska                        Widow/lodger
Nicolai              18         b. Alaska                        Orphan
Gadeva               13         b. Alaska                        Orphan
Stepan               10         b. Alaska                        Orphan
Olga                  7         b. Alaska                        Orphan
Billy                 5         b. Alaska                        Orphan
Simeon                3         b. Alaska                        Orphan



SUSITNA STATION 1930


McQuire, Edward 58  b. Pennsylvania / Fur trapper
Gedgean, Jean 52 b. Kentucky / Fur trapper
Matheson, Robert 38 b. Texas / Fur trapper
Matheson, Chas  46 brother  widower  b. Texas / Fur trapper
Austin, W. E.  47 b. California / Boatman
Austin, Luca  45 wife   b. Athabascan Indian Territory Alaska
Pierce, Chas W  65  b. Canada To USA 1888 / Fur trapper
Wilson, Chas 40 b. USA / Fur trapper
Ohman, Eric  43  b. Sweden immigration date not known / Trapper
Zorn, Frederic 72  b. Austria To USA 1872 / Mineral explorer
Jones, Ray  30  b. Michigan / Fur farmer
Jones, Eva 18 wife b. Canada immigration date not known
Derry, Fred 56  b. Ireland To USA 1875 / Fur trapper
Gagnon, Alfred D. 45 b. Minnesota / Fur trapper
Caugnan, Fred 43 b. Canada To USA 1896 / Fur trapper
Patterson, Wm 47 b. Ireland immigration date not known / Fur trapper
McLean, John 52  b. Scotland immigration date not known / Fur trapper
Jansen, S. W. 46 b. Denmark immigration date not known / Fur trapper
Trepte, Mukea  36 b. Russia immigration date not known / Fur trapper
Kusei, Walter  30  cousin b. Germany  To USA 1927 / Fur trapper
Shallabarger, Max 30 b. Colorado / Trapper
Shallabarger, Belle 31 wife
Shallabarger, Maxine 9 daughter
Shallabarger, Clifford 7 son
Shallabarger, Leon 1 son
McElroy, John H. 48 b. Illinois / Trapper
Norberg, John 43 b. Sweden To USA 1915 / Trapper
Ross, Ernest E. 32 b. Oregon / Carpenter
Ross, Ethel Bessie 27 wife b. Oregon
Ross, Ernest Jr. 7  b. Oregon
Wagner, Sam 56 b. Montana / Trapper
Strom, Albert 40 b. Texas / Trapper
Goodell, Huie 55 b. Kansas / Trapper
Goodell, Ella E. 42 wife b. Texas
Wood, Burns 27 b. Louisiana / Trapper
Jensen, Emil 38 b. Denmark To USA 1914 / Trapper
Jensen,  Robert E. 27 brother Denmark To USA 1921 / Trapper
Kadgin, Edmund 50 b. Ohio / Fisherman in cannery
Walker, W. H. 53 b. Oregon / Fur trapper
Heffner, Alfred 49 b. Montana / Fur trapper
Winter, Fred 71 b. Germany To USA 1884 / Fur trapper
Ryan, J. E. 35  b. Oregon / Trapper
Ryan, Elsie 27 wife b. Washington
Nelson, Chas 71 b. Sweden immigration date not known / No occupation listed
Briggs, E. G. 48 b. Arizona / Fur trapper
Forry, George 49  b. USA / Fur trapper
Geise, Emil 33 b. Germany  immigration date not known / Fur trapper
Thompson, G. E. 39  b. Montana / Fur   trapper
Thompson, A. L. 35 brother  b. Montana / Fur trapper
Keller, John J. 70  b. Switzerland To USA 1882 / Fur trapper
Healy, R. R.  55  b. Ireland To USA 1895 / Trader for general store
Besset, J. W. 50 b. ? (it just says foreign) / Fur trapper

SUSITNA VILLAGE 1930
      (Beware, lots of phonetic spellings in this one)
 
Barbul, Nicholi 27 b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska / Fur trapper
George, Henry 23 b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska / Fur trapper
Jacko, Annie 65 widow b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Stephan, Anderson 23 widower b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska / Fur trapper
Stephan, Sava 9 son b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Stephan, Kroto 65 widower b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska / Fur trapper
Stephan, Nick 26 son b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska / Fisherman at cannery
Stephan, Levan 20 son b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska / Cannery laborer
Stephan, Nena 9 daughter b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Chelattin, Chelattin 50 b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska / Fisherman
Chelattin, Christina 45 wife b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Chelattin, Alexander 22  step-son b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska / Trapper
Chelattin, Joe 20 step-son b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska / Fisherman
Chelattin, Kathryn 18 step-daughter b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Chelattin, Inga 14 step-daughter b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Chilligan, Wilson 11 nephew b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Ephim, Jimmy 36 b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska / Fisherman
Ephim, Media 33 b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Ephim, Bosco 11 son b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Ephim, Irene 9 daughter b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Stephan, Jacko 45 b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska / Cannery laborer
Stephan, Alexan 30 wife b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Stephan, Tommy 14 son b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Stephan, Nora 8 daughter b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Stephan, Balda 2 son b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Pete, Billy 32 b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska / Cannery laborer
Pete, Anne 25 b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Pete, Coronia 11 daughter b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Pete, Wilua 7 son b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Stephan, Bobby 36 b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska / Fur trapper
Stephan, Katie 27  wife b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Stephan, Nellie 9 daughter b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Stephan, Fedora 7 daughter, b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Stephan, Olga 5 daughter b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Pete, Shem 30 widower b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska / Cannery laborer
Pete, Billy 10 son b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Pete, Mary 8 daughter b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Pete, William 1 son b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska
Semyon, E. P. 53 widower b. Athabascan Indian Tribe Alaska / Fisherman

SUSITNA STATION 1940


Woods, Burns A.  age 38 b. Louisiana    Trapper
Woods, Ruth      age 23 b. Minnesota    Trapper
Arndt (or Amondt?), Christian age 78 b. Norway  Grocery Clerk at Nagley Store
Nickoli, Joe     age  4 b. Alaska (Athabascan)
Austin, William E. age 57 b. California Trapper
Austin, Lukia    age 50 b. Alaska (Athabascan)  Trapper
Daniloff, Nancy  age 10 b. Alaska (Athabascan)
Keller, John J.  age 79 b. Switzerland          On a pension
Pete, Shem       age 39 b. Alaska (Athabascan)  Fishing/Emard Cannary
Pete, Billy      age 20 b. Alaska (Athabascan)  Fishing/Emard Cannary
Nickoli, William age 22 b. Alaska (Athabascan)  Trapper
Nickoli, Barbeal age 42 b. Alaska (Athabascan)  Trapper    

SKWENTNA AND YENTNA WATERSHED AREA  1940

Shellabarger, Maxwell age 40 b. Colorado   Trapper
Shellabarger, Bell    age 41 b. Oregon     Postmaster
Shellabarger, Clifford age 17 b. Oregon
Shellabarger, Leon    age 11 b. Alaska

Bull, Chester E. age 44 b. Wisconsin    Railroad brakeman
McLean, John     age 70 b. Scotland     Trapper
Skaggs, James D. age 30 b. South Dakota Trapper
Ross, Howard S.  age 29 b. South Dakota Trapper
Quigg, Fred      age 35 b. Ohio         Trapper   (name could be Quigg or Guigg)
Ward, George     age 52 b. Missouri     Trapper
Shupert, Ernie   age 25 b. Montana      Trapper
Forry, George    age 60 b. Wisconsin    Trapper
Gagnon, George   age 55 b. Minnesota    Trapper
Heffner, Alfred  age 57 b. Minnesota    Trapper
Kreager, Walter  age 72 b. Oklahoma     Railroad laborer
Patterson, William age 60 b. Ireland    Trapper




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