Solomon Floyd Cook Civil War Letters -- COOK Family Home -- Western N.C. & S.C. Descendants of Hence Marvin Cook

This is a letter from Solomon Floyd Cook to his wife, Martha Ann (Shelton) Cook of East Laport, Jackson C., N. C. This letter was written while he was in the Confederate States Army and while he was encaped near Cumberland Gap, Tenn. on May 27th, 1863.

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    Other Letters of Solomon Floyd Cook
  • Camp at Lick Creek/January the 11th, 1862 to wife Martha
  • Lick Creek East, Tenn February 1, 1863 to wife Martha
  • Camp near Cumberland gap, May the 27th 1863 to wife Martha
  • Camp near Cumberland gap, August the 23th 1863 to wife Martha
  • Camp Douglas, Ill Dec the 27th, 1863 to wife

  • Return to Solomon Floyd Cook's page
  • Return to the Cook Family homepage

      East Tenn.
    Camp near Cumberland gap,
    May the 27th, 1863

    Dear companion I seat myself to drop you a few lines to let you know that I am well at present hoping these lines may find you and the children well. I wrote you a letter when we was at Morristown Tenn. We reached this place yesterday evening late after a tiresome march of six days in the dust and heat. The heat was so severe we suffered considerably from the effects of our march. Several of our boys is left behind, ...some is sick and some broke down. You never have saw the like of soar feet in all your life. Our officers say we will rest here until our feet gets well. On our march to this place I saw some of the spoils of the enemy. We come thorugh a town called Gazwell (or Tazwell) (Tennessee) that the yankees has burnt most of the town.

    This copy of the second page of Solomon's hand written letter is missing the left hand side. This is due to the many copies of copies that have been made over the years. The typed version on left is from a typed letter made later. We are in search of a more original copy or better yet, the original itself. If anyone knows of of one, please contact us.

    A great many brick walls is standing there with everything burned out of them and a heap of them that the walls has fell down beside this numbers of framed buildings also consumed. Also I saw farms that every rail was burned from around them. We are now at the yankee fortifications that they throwed up when they was in posession of this place. It is an extensive fortification. The timber is all cut down from the foot to the top of as high mountains as ever you saw. Also rifle pits dug out from the foot of the top of the mountains. We are now in sixteen miles of Cumberland Ford, at which place there is sixteen thousand yankees stationed. I will not write any more until tomorrow.

      the 28th

    This morning finds me well. we have not made any further ________ (line missing on old recopy) ________

    move than. The General sent up orders for about forty men from the Regt to go on picket. They are now gone but none went from our company. Also he sent for one hundred men for fatigue duty they are gone. I am not able to say what he wants with them

    Late yesterday evening I went over the cumberland mountain and looked at our mens fortifications. I dont think that one hundred thousand yankees can hurt a hair on our heads at this place. Our regt can whip ten thousand yankees in the rifle pits and battery fortifications we have at this place but I have no idea that the yankees will ever attack us hear. If they do they will soon get a decent whipping. The war news is very favorable at present. We got a dispatch last knight from Vicksburg (Mississippi) which say there has been hevy (heavy) fight at that place.

    The telegram says there was ten thousand yankees lying dead on the field of battle, it was a complete victory on the side of the confederates. I think a few more such whippings as this will end the war. I will send you a piece of poetry that is called the ladies breeches. If it is not any amusement to you perhaps some one will fancy it. Also I send you foar small tracts which I want you to keep until I come home, for they are something interesting to the soldier.

    I want you to write as soon as you get a letter before we have to leave this place. Direct your letters to cumberland gap, Tenn (Co) G... 62nd Regt NC Troops, Gracies Brigade ... to be forwarded.

    I must close nothing more at present but remains your affectionate and loving husband until death.
      S. F. Cook

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    This is a letter from Solomon Floyd Cook to his wife, Martha Ann (Shelton) Cook of East Laport, Jackson C., N. C. This letter was written while he was in the Confederate States Army and while he was encaped near Cumberland Gap, Tenn. on August 23rd, 1863.

      East Tenn.
    Cumberland Gap,
    August the 23rd, 1863

    Dear Companion,

    It is with pleasure I seat myself to let you know that I am enjoying a reasonable portion of health at present, ever hoping these lines reach their destination and find you and the children enjoying the best of health. I can inform you that we are somewhat flustrated here now. There came a dispatch to this place night before last reporting thirty thousand yankees to have crossed to Cumberland mountain four miles from this place. It has caused considerable excitment at this place. It is thought by some of the officiers that they are trying to surround the gap, but I do not think so. My notion is they intend making a raid on the "railroad" but I may be mistaken. We have moved our commissary stores to more secure parts within our fortifications and if they come here, they're going to get hurt. Our boys is in fine spirit. we was ordered yesterday to cook three days rations. We don't know for what purpose but we know one thing, it is either to take up the line of march or to go into our rifle pits, provided the enemy should attack us. But, for my part, I am not uneasy for we are well fortified and can defend ourselves securely from far superior forces. And, if they come here, you will hear of them getting hurt. Also, if they should surround us and cut off our supplies, we have provisions to last a considerable length of time. But, I have no fears of this for the enemy has no chance of getting supplies on the south of the line of the intruder so, I apprehend so serious results to follow.

    Marth, I want you, if you can, to write to me often. I have not got a letter in over a month. The boys in our company is in tolerable good health. Marta and your cousins here is well. Nothing more but remains your affectonate husband until death.
      S. F. Cook

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    This is a letter from Solomon Floyd Cook to his wife, Martha Ann (Shelton) Cook of East Laport, Jackson C., N. C. This letter was written while he was a Prisoner of War and and while he was in prison at Camp Douglas, Chicago, Illinois on December 27th, 1863.

      Camp Douglas, Chicago, Ill
    Dec. the 27th, 1863

    Dear companion, I take this method of letting you know I am well at present. Hoping these lines may find you and the children well. This day twelve months ago I left home. I have lived through many hardships since that time and I am yet alive and enjoying good health, better than usual. It is a sad misfortune that the horror of war has cast our lots in a foreign land but it is even so and we have to submit to its consequences whatever they may be. Hope it will not be long until we are exchanged and get back to our beloved homes and family.

    The health of the reg and company is tolerable good at present.

    Tell the friends of ____________(illegible), their relatives are generally well. M.M. Shelton is not very well but on the mend. ________ Hooper, L.W. and T.S. are all well. Send word to pop and Elizabeth.

    Martha I want you to write to me and let me know how you are all doing. You will be limited to a short letter otherwise it will not pass through. Write every week, probably I will get a letter after a while. Direct your letters to Chicago camp Douglas Illinois marked to the Co. and Regt.

    Nothing more but ramins your affectionate husband until death.
      S. F. Cook

    (a P.S. is included but difficult to read after many recopies)
    (It appears to read as follows:)
    Tell L.S. Shelton's (?) family, he has
    been sick but getting well fast.
    Asks for them to write to him.

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    The above letters where provided by E. Michael Hunter


    All of the CSA soldiers who died at Camp Douglas are buried at Oak Woods Cem. in a mass grave called The Confederate Mound. Most were buried in individual graves in either the Chicago City Cem. until it was closed in the late 1860s or in the smallpox cementary in Camp Douglas until the camp was dismantled at the end of the war. Their remains were moved to Oak Woods and buried in a common grave. There are supposedly 4000 men buried in this grave but the true number is said to be closer to 6000.

    You can order Soloman's CSA service records for 8.00 from the NC State Archives. The address is DEPT. OF CULTURAL RESOURCES DIVISION OF ARCHIVES & HISTORY ARCHIVES AND RECORDS SECTION 109 EAST JONES STREET 4614 MAIL SERVICE CENTER RALEIGH, N.C. 27699-4614 Ronnie W. Bagwell [email protected] Liberty, SC

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