“Le Crincoli di vallata”

The Crincoli Genealogy Homepage

CrINCOLI

The ancient village of Vallata in the province of Avellino, in the Campania region of Southern Italy.  The ancestral home of the Crincoli Clan.  The word “Vallata” refers to a valley.  This photo was taken from the adjacent mountain of Trevico (known as Trevicus in Roman times), and prominently features the mother church (“chiesa madre”-in Italiano) of St. Bartolomeo.  The village sits approximately 800 meters above sea level.  Located on the Apennine mountain range halfway between Naples and Bari, with spectacular vistas of the surrounding countryside.  A detailed history of Vallata has been written by Don Gerardo DePaolo, the village “archiprete”.  (http://www.vallata.org/notiziestoriche/notiziestoriche02.php ) Samnite ruins and remains have been found in Carife, another adjacent village.  Today the village is a sleepy little town of 3,000 mostly rural inhabitants, but swells to over 6,000 in the summer when it’s emigrant sons, daughters and grandchildren traditionally return from all over the world.

 

Although the immigration process has been continuous, the majority of Crincolis (as most southern Italian immigrants) immigrated in the late 1890’s to early 1900’s. This was a period of intense population growth and poverty. Most villagers subsisted on tenant farming or the simple peasant trades like that of a cobbler, mason, or taylor.  Their children were sentenced to the same fate as their parents, denied schooling and property ownership by the “propretario” or the wealth elite.  Those who could, sold, begged, and borrowed everything they owned and left (fled) this poor village with it’s remnant feudal system for a better life in other parts of Italy, Europe, the Americas and Australia.  Often they left behind only the old, to whom they sent home regular gifts of cash.

The “stemma” or crest of Vallata is characterized by the 3 stalks of wheat.  Buildings throughout the village are adorned with it.

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