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The Cummins Connection to Cardinal Paul Cullen
Based on the research of Pat Purcell, Co. Carlow Historian and Peadar Mac Suibhne (Fr. Peter Swayne), 
provided by Michael Purcell, Carlow, and edited by Susan Clement



Paul Cullen
(A Biography from The Catholic Encyclopedia)
Cardinal, Archbishop of Dublin, born at Prospect, Co. Kildare, Ireland, 29 April, 1803; died at Dublin, 24 October, 1878. His first school days were passed at the Shackleton School in the neighboring village of Ballytore. He entered Carlow College as alumnus in 1816, and proceeded, in 1820, to the College of Propaganda in Rome where his name is registered on the roll of students under date of 29 November, 1820. During his course of studies, Paul Cullen had acquired a profound knowledge of the classical and Oriental languages, and it was a novel thing to see a young Irish priest immediately on his ordination appointed to the chairs of Hebrew and Sacred Scripture in the schools of Propaganda, and receiving at the same time the charge of the famed printing establishment of the Sacred Congregation. This later charge he resigned in 1832, when appointed rector of the Irish College in Rome.

While rector of the Irish College (1832-1850) he was admitted to the intimate friendship of Gregory XVI and Pius IX. He profited by the influence which he thus enjoyed to safeguard the interests of the Irish Church, and to unmask the intrigues of the British agents who at this period were untiring in their attempts to force their political views upon the Vatican, and to forge fetters for Catholic Ireland. During the troubled period of the Roman Revolution, Dr. Cullen, at the request of the Sacred Congregation, accepted the responsible position of the rector of the College of Propaganda, retaining, however, the charge of Rector of the Irish College. Soon after his appointment the Revolutionary Trimuvirate in the frenzy of their triumph issued orders that within a few hours the College of Propaganda was to be dissolved and the buildings to be appropriated for government purposes. Without a moment's delay the rector appealed to Lewis Cass the United States minister, for the protection of the citizens of the United States who were students of the college. Within an hour the American flag was floating over the Propaganda College. The mandate of Triumvirs was withdrawn, and a decree was issued to the effect that the Propaganda should be maintained as an institution of world-wide fame of which Rome was justly proud. Thus through the Irish rector and the American flag the venerable college was saved from confiscation. 

Dr. Cullen was promoted to the primatial See of Armagh on 19 December, 1849 and was consecrated by the Cardinal Prefect of Propaganda at the church of the Irish College, Rome, 24 February, 1850. A wider field was assigned to his zeal and piety when he was transferred to the See of Dublin 1 May 1852. He was elevated to the cardinalate as Cardinal Priest of San Pietro in Montorio in 1867, being the first Irish bishop on whom that high dignity was ever conferred. 

The first great duty which as Delegate of the Apostolic See devolved on the newly appointed Archbishop of Armagh was to convene the Synod of Thurles (1850), the first national synod held with due public solemnity in Ireland since the beginning of the Reformation period. The main purpose of the synod was to restore the vigor of ecclesiastical discipline in Ireland, and this was in the fullest measure attained. Twenty-five years later, Cardinal Cullen, once more as Apostolic Delegate, presided at the national synod held in Maynooth in 1875. This second synod added a crowning grace to the manifold blessings that had accrued to the Irish Church from the First Plenary Synod. Throughout his episcopate it was his most anxious care to check proselytism, to promote the beauty of the House of God, and to multiply institutions of enlightenment, charity and benevolence. In all this his efforts were seconded by the clergy and the various sisterhoods whose devotion to the sacred cause of religion was beyond all praise. 

He was particularly intent on bringing the blessings of religious education within reach of the poorest Catholics in the land. The system of national education adopted by the Government for Ireland in 1832 was a great improvement on the proselytising systems hitherto carried on by anti-Catholic agencies receiving government aid. The working of the system, however, was for many years practically left in the hands of the Protestant Archbishop of Dublin (Dr. Whately) and his Presbyterian ally, Rev. James Carlile, both of whom were unceasing in unscrupulous efforts to make it an engine of attack on the Catholic faith of the Irish people. Dr. Cullen from the beginning of his episcopate till its closing hour never relaxed his endeavors, on the one hand to counteract those proselytising agencies and to remove all dangers to the faith of the Catholic children, and on the other to bring gradually the literature and methods of the system into harmony with the national traditions and social requirements of Ireland. His evidence on the national system of education in Ireland, given before the Earl Powis' Royal Commission in 1869, has been pronounced by experts to be a most complete statement of the Catholic claims in the matter of primary education. The national system of today is no longer what it was in 1849, and almost all the improvements that have been made are on the lines suggested in the evidence of Cardinal Cullen. 

From the first days of his episcopate Archbishop Cullen had set his heart on the erection of a Catholic university for Ireland. The project was hailed with enthusiasm by the Irish race at home and abroad, and the beginnings of the institution in Dublin gave promise of success. Countless difficulties, however, arose over which the Archbishop had no control, and hence the Catholic University of Ireland was attended with only partial success. Another project most dear to him was a diocesan seminary for Dublin. The great ecclesiastical College of Holy Cross which he erected at Clonliffe in the immediate suburbs of the city will long remain a conspicuous monument to his munificence and a crown of immortal glory to the holy prelate who raised it. 

In political matters Cardinal Cullen was quite heedless of popularity, and he made it a rule to support every measure from whatever political party it came that he considered conducive to the interests of Ireland. He condemned the Young Irelanders as sowers of dissension, and a source of ruin to the Irish cause. He highly esteemed the literary merit of many of the writers for "The Nation," but he felt so convinced that some of those connected with that newspaper were in the secret pay of the British Government that he would have no communication with them, and he regarded them the worst enemies of Ireland. For the same reasons he relentlessly opposed the Fenian movement. It was his constant endeavor to bring together all the friends of Ireland so as to form a united phalanx in order to redress by constitutional means the wrongs of centuries and thus lift up Ireland from her oppressed and prostrate condition. 

His policy was attended with success. The Protestant Church in Ireland was disestablished, the condition of the poor in the workhouses was ameliorated, the Industrial Schools' Act was passed, the laws affecting land tenure were amended, and in many other matters victory after victory crowned the constitutional campaign of Ireland's friends. 

One of the accusations most frequently repeated to stir up popular prejudice against the cardinal was to the effect that he was a frequent visitor at the vice-regal castle in search of favors for himself or friends. As a matter of fact the only such visit he paid was toward the close of 1867. The Fenian leader, General Thomas F. Burke, had been sentenced to death and every effort to obtain a reprieve had been made in vain. He had fought with distinction in the Civil War of the United States, and the British Government was determined to deter other skilled military leaders from enlisting their services in aid of the Irish cause. The orders of execution from London were peremptory. The scaffold was already erected and the next morning General Burke was to be hanged. Through information received from the Archbishop of New York and other American friends the cardinal was convinced of the upright character of the accused who had been betrayed by false reports to engage in tehe fenian enterprise, impelled by the sole motive of love of his native land. At noon on the vigil of the day fixed for the execution, the cardinal accompanied by his private secretary and Monsignor Forde, his vical general, set out for the viceregal castle on the forlorn errand to obtain a reprieve for the brave man. The interview with the viceroy lasted for more than an hour. The cardinal on personal grounds justified his right to be heard in the case, since none had in public or private more strenuously opposed Fenianism than himself. He insisted that the execution of such a brave man would only had fuel to the flame, while the exercise of clemency would serve to open men's eyes to the recklessness of the whole Fenian enterprise. The viceroy listened the the cardinal's reasoning with due respect, but at the same time was quite inexorable. He telegraphed, however, the whole matter to headquarters in London. Late at night the response came. The reprieve was granted and the life of the brave man was spared. This was the first and last visit of Cardinal Cullen to the viceregal castle to petition for personal favors. 

He paid frequent visits to Rome. He took part in the solemn celebrations connected with the definition of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary in 1854, and with the centenary of the martyrdom of Sts. Peter and Paul in 1867. On these and similar occasions he took up his residence at the Irish College. From the opening of the Vatican Council, Cardinal Cullen took an active part in its deliberations. Towards the close of the sessions of the council at the express wish of the Central Commission, conveyed in person through its secretary, Archbishop Franchi, Cardinal Cullen proposed the precise and accurate formula for the definition of Papal Infallibility. It was a matter of great delicacy, as promoters of the definition were split up into various sections, some anxious to assign a wider range to the pope's decisions, while others would set forth in a somewhat indefinite way the papal perogative. All accepted the form of definition proposed by Cardinal Cullen to have formulated for all time the solemn definition of this great article of Faith. 

The condition of the Catholic Church in Ireland, in 1878, in contrast with what it was in 1850, affords abundant proof of the fruitfulness of Cardinal Cullen's zeal and of the beneficent results achieved during his episcopate. Those twenty eight years marked a continuous period of triumphant progress in all matters connected with religion, discipline, education and charity. The elequent Dominican Father Thomas N. Burke wrote in 1878: "The guiding spirit animating, encouraging and directing the wonderful work of the Irish Catholic Church for the last twenty eight years was Paul, Cardinal Cullen, and history will record the events of his administration as, perhaps, the most wonderful and glorious epoch in the whole ecclesiastical history of Ireland. The result of his labors was the wonderful revival of Catholic devotion and piety which in our day was restored so much of our ancient glory of sanctity to the land once called the 'Island of Saints'". No other Church in Christendom during the same period achieved grander religious results or yielded in richer abundance the choicest fruit of genuine Catholic piety. His remains rest beneath the apse of the Church attached to the diocesan seminary at Clonliffe.

 

For additional information on the family of Cardinal Cullen, go to http://www.lrbcg.com/jtcullen/CardCull.htm

 

The Family of Cardinal Cullen

First Generation

1. Hugh CULLEN, of the Burnside, Barony of Forth, Co. Wexford.
Children:
    + 2 M i. Edmond CULLEN was born in 1717. 

 

Second Generation

2. Edmond CULLEN (Hugh) was born in 1717. 

Of Cranovonane, Co. Carlow. By 1741 the Cullen family had settled in Cranovanane or Craan, Co. Carlow. Ten years before that, Father Paul Cullen, who according to tradition was a near relative of the family, had come as parish priest to Leighlin. At his death in 1783 he was succeeded by his nephew Father William Cullen, Dean of Leighlin, who was the last to hold that office before it was abolished.

Children of Edward and 1) Alice Kinsella d 1793 and 2) Alice ___:
    The Rev. Michael Cullen (1753-16 Aug 1803): The eldest son and was ordained P.P. of Narraghmore, Co Kildare on 13 Oct 1796. Michael's name is inscribed on a family stone at Nurney where he is also probably buried.
    Hugh Cullen (1760-09 Apr 1832): Known as Hugh Cullen of Prospect and was the father of Cardinal Paul Cullen. Hugh was married twice. His first wife, Elizabeth Murphy of Muinebegg, bore him one child, a daughter Alicia Mary (1791-23 Nov 1831). Alicia married Patrick Moran and their son, Patrick Francis Moran (16 Sep 1830-16 Aug 1911), was the future Cardinal Moran. Patrick and Alicia Moran are buried at Ballinkillen. Hugh's first wife Elizabeth died after only four years of marriage. Hugh Cullen's second wife was Mary Maher of Donore (1773-01 Dec 1845), daughter of Patrick Maher of Kilrush and Catherine Moore. Hugh Cullen and Mary Maher were married about 1790 in Muinebegg and five years later moved to Ballitore. Mary Maher was the sister of James Maher (d.1874), P.P. of Carlow-Craigue and of Leighlin from 1827-1830. Depending on which source you check, Hugh and Mary had as many as fifteen children. Hugh's third son, Cardinal Paul Cullen, was born in 1803 in Ballitore. Hugh's second wife Mary died 01 Dec 1845 at 72 years of age. Hugh and his wife Mary are buried at Ballinabranna.
    Garrett Cullen (1773-09 May 1845): Garrett Cullen of Cran married about 1798. His wife's name was Judith Maher (b. 1783), the sister of the Mary Maher that was Hugh Cullen's wife. Garrett and Judith Cullen had 17 children, 5 of whom are buried in Nurney. They had a son Michael who was born in 1812. He married Margaret Kehoe and one of their son, Hugh, was born 22 Aug 1866 at Maynooth in Co. Kildare. Michael died 18 May 1879 and is buried at Ballinabranna near his two infant sons, Hugh and Gerald. Garrett and his wife Judith (who died 11 Dec 1861 at 78y) are buried at Ballinabranna.
    Thomas Cullen (?-1800): Thomas Cullen of Carlow married the daughter of a cloth-merchant named Pollen but had no children. Thomas is buried at Nurney._
    Lieut. Paul Cullen (1774-21 May 1798): Paul Cullen of Craan. Executed in Leighlin in 1798. Buried at Nurney. Paul is the hero of the Cullen family. His execution was due to his refusal to give up his horse to one of the gentry of Co. Carlow, Sir Richard Butler, for the legal 5pound asking price for a papist's horse. Paul's horse was worth much more. Butler, determined to have the horse as his own, had Paul court-martialed as a rebel. The next morning the sentence was carried out; Paul Cullen and his three companions were shot to death at Bloody Lane, Leighlinbridge, on the 21'st of May, 1798. These three companions were: Jack Brennan, a cousin, son of Jack and Catherine (Cullen) Brennan; Jack Hughes, a near relative from Kilcruit; Michael Carroll. At the time of his execution, Paul was engaged to be married to Honoria Maher, another daughter of Patrick Maher and Catherine Moore.
    Catherine Cullen (1756-18 Jul 1811): Catherine married Pierce Brennan of Tinnegarney. Pierce had two brothers; Jack Brennan and Lieut. Philip Brennan, both of whom were shot by firing squad in 1798. Pierce died 18 Dec 1829 at 88 years of age. Both Pierce and his wife Catherine are buried in Old Leighlin._
    Mary Cullen: Married into the Clowry Family of Carlow. Her husband is likely the Thomas Clowry who is said to have been executed on his own property in 1798 for aiding rebels.
    Judith Cullen: Married into the Nolan Family of Carlow. Her husband is believed to be an uncle of Rev. Edward Nolan, Bishop of Kildare and Leighlin from 1834 to 1837.
    Bridget Cullen (1768-1828): Married Philip Brennan of Gormana. Both buried at Nurney. Bridget's stone reads that she died 9 Aug 1820 at age 52; the 52 not being very clear. Their son, Jack Brennan, was executed along with Paul Cullen of Craan. Philip Brennan perished, probably in 1798, and after that Bridget married Robert Kehoe of Bagenalstown. Robert was of the Kehoe or Keogh family originating in Carrigbeg. Dr. Keogh of Bagenalstown was a son of Robert and Bridget.
    Margaret (Peggy) Cullen (1784-26 Mar 1838): Married Terence O'Toole of Fontstown, Co. Kildare. Both are buried at Ballinabranna.

Edmond married Alice KINSELLA . 
Children:
    3 M i. Rev. Michael CULLEN .
 + 4 M ii. Hugh CULLEN .
 + 5 F iii. Judith CULLEN .
 + 6 M iv. Garret CULLEN died on 22 Nov 1869. 
    7 M v. Paul CULLEN died on 21 May 1798 in Leighlinbridge, Co. Carlow, IRL. 
    8 M vi. Thomas CULLEN .
    9 F vii. Catherine CULLEN, married Pierce BRENNAN . 
  10 F viii. Mary CULLEN, married Thomas CLOWRY . 
  11 F ix. Bridget CULLEN, married (1) Philip BRENNAN; married (2) Robert KEHOE . 
  12 F x. Margaret CULLEN, married Terence O'TOOLE . 

 



Third Generation

4. Hugh CULLEN (Edmond, Hugh).

From Fr. Swayne: Hugh Cullen, the Cardinal's father, was born about 1760 and was the second son of ten children. He married as his first wife Eliza Murphy of Muinbeg. Hugh and his wife went to live at Rathornan which adjoins Craan. His wife died about four years later leaving one child, Alicia Mary, who was the mother of the future Cardinal Moran. Probably about 1790 Hugh married as his second wife Mary Maher, daughter of Patrick Maher of Donore, sister of James the future celebrated parish priest of Carlow Graigue. Later Hugh's brother Garrett married Judith Maher, Mary's sister, and settled at Craan. Both families, Cullen and Maher, were of patriotic stock. Hugh Cullen was tried for his life and imprisoned in Naas jail for the part he took in the Rising of 1798. His youngest brother Paul with at least two other near relatives were executed at Leighlinbridge in County Carlow in the same cause. Patrick Maher, father of Mary and Judith Cullen, was imprisoned four times for his repeated refusal to pay tithes. Hugh Cullen had sixteen children, according to most sources.

Hugh married (1) Elizabeth MURPHY. 
Children:
  + 13 F i. Alicia Mary CULLEN was born in 1791. She died on 23 Nov 1831. 

Hugh married (2) Mary MAHER, daughter of Patrick MAHER and Catherine MOORE. 
Children:
    14 M ii. Michael CULLEN
    15 M iii. Cardinal Paul CULLEN was born on 29 Apr 1803 in Ballitore, Co. Kildare, IRL. He died on 24 Oct 1878. 
    16 F iv. Rev. Mother Agatha CULLEN.
    17 F v. Margaret CULLEN 


5. Judith CULLEN (Edmond, Hugh), married ___ NOLAN. 
Children:
    + 18 F i. Alicia NOLAN died in 1863. 

 

6. Garret CULLEN (Edmond, Hugh), died on 22 Nov 1869. 

Descendants of Garrett Cullen of Craan, Co Carlow [http://www.lrbcg.com/jtcullen/GarrCull.htm] Garrett Cullen of Cran was born about 1773. He was married about 1798 to Judith Maher (b. 1783), a daughter of Patrick Maher of Kilrush, Co Kildare and a sister of the Mary Maher that was Hugh Cullen's wife. It is said that Garrett Cullen had 17 children, 5 of whom are buried in Nurney. Garrett and his wife (who died 11 Dec 1861 at 78y) are buried at Ballinabranna. Garrett himself died 9 May 1845. One of his children was: Alicia Cullen: Married James Cummins of Clogher, and had the following children: Walter, Paulina, Aloysius, Edmond, Patrick, Gerald, Jane, and Fanny.

Garret married Judith MAHER, daughter of Patrick MAHER and Catherine MOORE. Judith died 11 Dec 1861. 
Children:
   + 19 F i. Alicia "Ally" CULLEN .
      20 M ii. Edmund CULLEN, married ___ Keogh
      21 F iii. Anne CULLEN died in 1893. 
      22 M iv. Rev. Mother Mary Aloyisius CULLEN died at Mercy Convent, Carlow 
      23 F v. Sr. Clare CULLEN .
      24 M vi. Michael CULLEN, died in 1879; married Maria Kehoe
      25 F vii. Rev. Mother Josephine CULLEN died in St. Louis, MO. 
      26 F viii. Rev. Mother Johanna CULLEN died in Feb 1885 in Mount Mellick, IRL. 
      27 M ix. Rev. Thomas CULLEN died in 1869. 
      28 F x. Mary CULLEN 
      29 M xi. Hugh CULLEN, married Edith Chamberlane
      30 F xii. Paulina CULLEN died on 5 Jul 1910; married Walter Hurley



Fourth Generation

13. Alicia Mary CULLEN (Hugh, Edmond, Hugh) was born in 1791. She died on 23 Nov 1831. She was buried in Ballinkillen, parish of Lorum, Co. Carlow, IRL. 

Her first husband was --- Murphy, by whom she had three children, Garrett who m. --- Corcoran; Elizabeth, a nun; and Margaret, a nun.
from website, family of Cardinal Paul Cullen ]http://www.lrbcg.com/jtcullen/CardCull.htm]
Alicia Mary Cullen (1791 - 23 Nov 1831): Daughter of Hugh Cullen by his first wife, Elizabeth Murphy of Muinebegg. Alicia was married twice. Alicia's first husband was named Murphy and their children were: a son, Garrett Cullen, who married a Miss Corcoran; and two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret, both of whom were professed nuns. Alicia would later marry Patrick Moran (1775-18 Sep 1841), the son of Patrick Moran and Honoria Maher of Donore. Alicia and Patrick had three daughters and two sons. One daughter, Sarah, married Patrick Cummins. Another daughter, Teresa, was a Dominican nun. One son, Patrick Francis Moran (16 Sep 1830-16 Aug 1911), was the future Cardinal Moran, Archbishop of Sydney and Australia's first Cardinal. Cardinal Moran was born in Leighlinbridge and died in Sydney, Australia. He studied at the Irish College in Rome and was the Vice Rector from 1856 to 1866. He returned to Ireland and was secretary to his uncle, Cardinal Paul Cullen. In 1872 he was named bishop of Ossory in Kilkenny and, in 1884, Archbishop of Sydney (Australia). The next year he was named cardinal priest of Santa Susanna. Cardinal Moran's parents, Patrick and Alicia Moran, are buried at Ballinkillen, Ireland.

Alicia married Patrick MORAN . Patrick was born in 1775. He died on 18 Sep 1841. He was buried in Ballinkillen, parish of Lorum, Co. Carlow, IRL. 

He is buried in Ballinkillen with his wife Alicia. A large Celtic cross is over the grave: "Pray for the eternal repose of 
Patrick Moran, Leighlinbridge, who departed this life 18 September 1841, aged 66 years, and of Alicia his wife who 
departed this life 23 November 1831, aged 40 years, and pray for their dutiful son Patrick Francis Cardinal Moran, 
cardinal of holy Church and archbishop of Sydney, by whom this memorial cross was erected."

Children:
     31 F i. Sarah MORAN, Sr. Mary Paul, was born in 1819. She died on 28 Sep 1839 in Carlow town, parish of Carlow, Co. Carlow, IRL. She entered the Presentation Convent, Carlow. On the feast of SS. Peter and Paul in 1839 - the memorial slab says 26 June - she received the holy habit and the name Sister Mary Paul. In a few weeks she fell ill and died on 28 September 1839.
 + 32 F ii. Mary MORAN died on 29 Jul 1891. 
    33 F iii. Sr. Teresa MORAN. A Dominican Nun. She died of Cholera at Kingstown.
    34 M iv. Cardinal Patrick Francis MORAN was born on 16 Sep 1830 in Leighlinbridge, Co. Carlow, IRL. He died on 16 Aug 1911 in Sydney, AUS. 

Cardinal Moran, Archbishop of Sydney and Australia's first Cardinal. Cardinal Moran was born in Leighlinbridge and died in Sydney, Australia. He studied at the Irish College in Rome and was the Vice Rector from 1856 to 1866. He returned to Ireland and was secretary to his uncle, Cardinal Paul Cullen. In 1872 he was named bishop of Ossory in Kilkenny and, in 1884, Archbishop of Sydney (Australia). The next year he was named cardinal priest of Santa Susanna. 

 

Cardinal Patrick Francis Moran



18. Alicia NOLAN (Judith CULLEN, Edmond, Hugh) was born in Cranaha, Ballon, Co. Carlow, IRL. She died in 1863. 

History of Ballon and Rathoe, Vol. 1, By Peadar Mac Suibhne [Fr. Peter Swayne], Pg. 112 - KILLANE NOLANS
Nolans, Killane, came from Myshall. Hugh Nolan, the Plucker's grandmother, was Miss Brophy, Shankill, the mother of Father Nolan, who is buried in Myshall; he was off the mission. Two Frs. Nolan, Fr. Tom, Abbeyleix, and Fr. John, P.P., Kildare, were evicted from Lisgarven and went to Ballinrush. Ter Cummin's people came from Kellistown. They were called Cummins. Cummin's related to Nolans, Burrin Side, Mrs. Nolan, Muinebheag. The Nolans related to Cummins were most likely at Cranaha, a big place, but a long way down the fields. The gate is at the Fenagh side of Morrisseys, and at Morrissey's side of the road. A very old family. They left the place to a niece who married a Ryan. They sold it out. There was a Miss Lalor there. These Nolans were also related to the Kilkeen Nolans. The Kilkeen gardens are there still, at the back of Ballon Hill. They were evicted from the McCormacks where Simon Maher has the land. Ter Byrne, uncle of Ter Cummins, came from Acann and got into the place. The Kilkeens owned a good deal of Leckys and were evicted. Fr. Peter Nolan, who is buried at the back of the sacristy in Ballon, is of this family.

Alicia married Terence CUMMINS, son of Peter/Pierce CUMMINS. Terence was born in Ullard, parish of Myshall, Co. Carlow, IRL. 
In the entries for the baptisms of his children in the RC parish register of Ballon, his residence was given as Killane in 1821, Moanmore in 1827, 1829 1831 and 1834, and Byrneside (Burrin side) in 1837 and 1843. 

Children:
   35 F i. Anne CUMMINS was born in Killane, parish of Kellistown, Co. Carlow, IRL. She was christened on 9 Nov 1821 in RC parish Ballon, Co. Carlow, IRL. 
   36 M ii. Owen CUMMINS was christened on 15 Oct 1824; married Catherine LENNON on 2 Feb 1861 in RC parish Tinryland, Co. Carlow, IRL. Catherine was born in Cloghna, parish of Cloydagh, Co. Carlow, IRL. 
   37 M iii. Patrick CUMMINS was christened on 15 Feb 1827, died before Nov 1864; married Mary CONNORS on 26 Nov 1862 in RC parish Ballon, Co. Carlow, IRL. Mary was born in co Carlow, IRL. 
   38 F iv. Ellen CUMMINS was born in Moanmore, Parish of Fennagh, Co. Carlow, IRL. She was christened on 4 Jul 1829 in RC parish Ballon, Co. Carlow, IRL. 
   39 F v. Mary CUMMINS was christened on 20 Jun 1831; married John NOONAN on 18 Feb 1858 in RC parish Ballon, Co. Carlow, IRL.
   40 F vi. Bridget CUMMINS was born in Monemore, parish of Fennagh, Co. Carlow, IRL. She was christened on 24 Apr 1833 in RC parish Ballon, Co. Carlow, IRL. 
   41 F vii. Martha CUMMINS was christened on 12 Nov 1834, died in 1922; married Thomas NOONAN on 28 Oct 1858 in RC parish Ballon, Co. Carlow, IRL.
   42F viii. Alicia CUMMINS was christened on 13 Feb 1837, died in 1912; married Patrick NOLAN on 20 Jul 1863 in RC parish Ballon, Co. Carlow, IRL. 
   43 M ix. Terence CUMMINS was christened on 27 Jul 1843, died in 1919; married Catherine BROPHY on 3 Oct 1867 in RC parish Ballon, Co. Carlow, IRL. Catherine was born in Feb 1848, daughter of Thomas Brophy & Winifred Donohoe.




19. Alicia "Ally" CULLEN (Garret, Edmond, Hugh), married James CUMMINS on 17 Nov 1831 in RC parish Leighlinbridge, Co. Carlow, IRL. 

Baptism of children in RC parish of Tinryland, residence given as Cloghna. According to Fr. Peter Swayne, this family is connected with the Cummins of Kellistown. Married in the RC parish of Leighlinbridge. Witnesses were Owen Cummins and Elisa Murphy. Residence given as Craan.
The Knockbeg Centenary Book, by An t-Athair Peadar MacSuibhne, 1948 [Father Peter Swayne], p 79-80
The Cummins family began in Kellistown and spread to Cloghna, then Ballybar, Clonmelsh, then Coolnokisha, Ballinacarrig, where Mr. Keenan now lives; Oldtown, where Mr. Tennant lives, and Busherstown. Walter of Ballybar was a brother of Fr. Gerald, who died young and who is buried with his mother, nee Cullen, in Glasnevin. Another brother was James of Windgate. Mrs. Pauline Kearney of Ballymoon, a sister, is buried in Tinryland. The late Mr. Walter Cummins of Aghade, a nephew of the Ballybar family, was born in Coolnakisha and is buried in Ballon. The late Mrs. Terence Cummins, Killane, was a kinsman of Cardinal Cullen. 

Children:
   44 F i. Mary Clare CUMMINS was born in Cloghna, parish of Cloydagh, Co. Carlow, IRL. She was christened on 2 Oct 1832 in RC parish Tinryland, Co. Carlow, IRL. 
   45 F ii. Agnes CUMMINS was born in Cloghna, parish of Cloydagh, Co. Carlow, IRL. She was christened on 24 Apr 1835 in RC parish Tinryland, Co. Carlow, IRL. 
   46 F iii. Paulina CUMMINS was christened on 24 Apr 1835 in RC parish Tinryland, Co. Carlow, IRL; married Patrick KEARNEY
   47 F iv. Mary Charlotte CUMMINS was born in Cloghna, parish of Cloydagh, Co. Carlow, IRL. She was christened on 10 Sep 1837 in RC parish Tinryland, Co. Carlow, IRL. 
   48 M v. Fr. Gerald CUMMINS was born in Cloghna, parish of Cloydagh, Co. Carlow, IRL. He was christened on 31 Jul 1841 in RC parish Tinryland, Co. Carlow, IRL. He was C.C. Dalkey. 
   49 F vi. Anne Josephine CUMMINS was born in Cloghna, parish of Cloydagh, Co. Carlow, IRL. She was christened on 6 Sep 1842 in RC parish Tinryland, Co. Carlow, IRL. 
   50 M vii. Edmond Martin CUMMINS was born in Cloghna, parish of Cloydagh, Co. Carlow, IRL. He was christened on 13 Nov 1843 in RC parish Tinryland, Co. Carlow, IRL. 
   51 M viii. Walter CUMMINS was born about 1841/1845, died on 2 Nov 1906; married Anne KEHOE on 24 Feb 1868 in RC parish Rathvilly, Co. Carlow, IRL. Anne was born about 1845 in Mountneil, parish of Rathvilly, Co. Carlow, IRL. She died on 13 Oct 1898 in Busherstown, parish of Killerig, Co. Carlow, IRL. She was identified in an interview with her son by Fr. Peadar Mac Suibhne in his book "Students Attending Knockbeg College," p 68-69: Owen Lorcan Cummins 24.5.45. Pupil Cnoc Beag, Sept. 1891-Dec. 1892. Son of Walter of Busherstown Ho., now Breens, and Anne Kehoe, Mount Neale Manor, daughter of Joe Kehoe and niece of Carrotty Kehoe b. at Baltinglass.
   52 M ix. Aloysius CUMMINS .
   53 M x. James CUMMINS .
   54 M xi. Patrick CUMMINS .
   55 F xii. Jane CUMMINS .
   56 F xiii. Frances "Fanny" CUMMINS .



Fifth Generation

32. Mary MORAN (Alicia Mary CULLEN, Hugh, Edmond, Hugh) died on 29 Jul 1891 in Kingstown, Dublin, IRL. She was buried in Churchtown, Athy, Co. Kildare, IRL. Married Patrick CUMMINS on 20 May 1841 in RC parish Leighlinbridge, Co. Carlow, IRL. Patrick died before Oct 1866 in Athy, Co. Kildare, IRL. He was buried in Churchtown, Athy, Co. Kildare, IRL. 

Married in RC parish of Leighlinbridge, Witnesses were Ed Cullen and Margaret Cullen. Residence given as Leighlinbridge. From Fr. Swayne, "May 1841, deed of marriage settlement made on the marriage of Patrick Cummins of Athy, Gent, and Mary Moran, daughter of Patrick Moran, Leighlinbridge, Merchant. Dowry 500. Trustees Edmund Cullen of Garryhunden, Co. Carlow, and Gerald Murphy of Leighlinbridge. Witnesses James Cullen of Bennetsbridge, Co. Kilkenny, and Joseph Meagher of Burren Street. Record No. 12, 103, 30."

From Fr. Swayne: Pat Cummins was a clerk at Minch's, Athy. He and his wife had a farm on the Ballylinan road. They had three sons who attended the Christian Brothers' school at Athy which was founded 11 August 1861 and of shich Patrick Maher, brother of Father James Maher, P.P., and Mary's kinsman, was a generous benefactor. There were four or five daughters who attended the Mercy Convent, Athy, of which Patrick Maher was also a generous benefactor... Four daughters of Oat and Mary Cummins became Sisters of Mercy. Two who entered Athy were among those who went to found the Mercy Convent at Callan. Mother M. Berchmans was Rev. Mother in 1902 when her uncle, Cardinal Moran, laid the foundation stone of their new chapel. She died 8 August 1913... Another daughter of Pat and Mary Cummins became a Sister of Mercy at Westport. In the "Irish Catholic Directory" we read that on 7 October 1866 Cardinal Cullen officiated at the reception of Miss Agatha Cummins, daughter of the late Patrick Cummins, Esq., Athy, niece of Monsignor Moran and grand-niece of the cardinal... On 29 July 1891 Mary, the widow of Patrick Cummins, Athy, died at Kingstown. She is buried with her husband at Churchtown, Athy.

16 June 2004, Posted on Co. Carlow Mailing List (IRL-CARLOW-L@rootsweb.com) 
NOTICE TO FARMERS. At an Adjourned Meeting of the Millers and Cornbuyers that attend the Market of Athy, held at KENNEDY'S HOTEL, ATHY, on Tuesday, the 20th October, 1846. GEORGE SHACKLETON in the Chair:
Moved by Samuel Crosthwait and Co: seconded by Sim. Clarke and Co. That the practice of selling Corn by sample, and not delivering the parcel according to contract, has become an evil of such magnitude, that we are unanimously resloved toadopt legal means, if necessary, to put an end to a habit which is an injurious to the interests of the buyer as it is demoralizing to the character of the seller. Moved by R.S. Leadbeater; seconded by Joseph Lyons. That in order to give effect to the foregoing resolution, we pledge ourselves, as far as it is practicable, to prosecute all persons selling samples, and not delivering the parcels for a violation of contract. Moved by Frederich Haughton and Co.; seconded by John Comerford. That before we resort tothe foregoing unpleasant means, we deem it right to give public notice to all parties concerned, with the hope that it may be found sufficient to put an end to the evil complained of. Moved by Patrick Cummins ; seconded by Henry Haunon. That the purchase of Corn by sample shall, in future, commence punctually at twelve o'clock, and teminate at half-past one; amd that notice of the same be announced by the ringing of a bell. Moved by Alfred Haughton; seconded by Thomas Chandler. That the above resolutions be inserted in the CARLOW SENTINEL and the Leinster Express; amd that a few hundred handbills be struck off, and posted on the Sentry Boxes of the Buyers, and about Athy and the neighbouring market towns. Moved by Robert Cassidy; seconded by James Gannon That a subscription be now raised for defraying all necessary expenses; and that Alfred Haughton be requested to act as Treasurer and Secretary. By Order, GEORGE SHACKLETON, Chairman

Children:
   85 M i. Michael CUMMINS .
   86 F ii. Alice CUMMINS, married ___ WALSH . 
   87 M iii. Patrick CUMMINS .
   88 M iv. Paul CUMMINS .
   89 F v. Madaline CUMMINS, married (1) ___ LAWLER; married (2) Hugh HURLEY, son of Walter HURLEY and Paulina CULLEN (daughter of Garret Cullen). 
   90 F vi. Helen CUMMINS .
   91 F vii. Agnes CUMMINS .