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Farms in the GCG and Cwmgors areas
Census extracts and historical snippets

 

 

(see also Farms in the parish generally)

The concept of this section is to bring  snippets of historical data concerning some of the older local farms together with the names of the people who were living in them in the 19th century.
The entries for the selected farms contain details of census entries from different sources, one of the principal ones being a substantial database compiled by Margaret Jones of  Australia. Anyone researching their ancestors are strongly advised to verify all census data from original sources for themselves since this one was not compiled with total accuracy of every detail in mind. The absence of a census entry for a particular  property/year doesn't mean that there wasn't one.

 

 

 

 

 

 


Cwmnanthopkin up

 

 

 

This farm is mentioned in official records as early as 1610, Lln ap Jevan [tenant],  annual rent 5 1/2d [see 'Farms in the area'].
It stands about a third of a mile on the slopes of Mynydd Uchaf behind/above the Old Star Inn on the southern edge of Cwmgors village.

"In 1805 an Act was passed covering the maintenance of roads in Glamorgan, that part of the Act dealing with this area has references to " a road....from Pontrhyd-y-fro ......thence by Llwynha [Llwynhen] farm.....over Wain Kaegurwen to the River Amman " and "a road from Wain Kaegurwen to the confines of the county of Carmarthen near Kaegurwen Mill ." and " so much of the road leading from Pontrhyd y fro and thence by Pwll y Wrach farm to or near the Gate placed across said road adjoining the Common of Kaegurwen."
These were turnpike roads , there was a turnpike house near the Old Star but in 1856 it was moved to GCG [ where Gate shop used to be] because people avoided paying the tolls by walking up over Cwmnanthopkin farm and down the Nantygaseg track.  [ The History of Pontardawe and District by John Henry Davies]"

Census entries;

Surname christian name age occupation acres[a]

1841 Ucha

1841 Isha

Separate household/building

1851

1861

1871

1881

1891

Footnotes;

[Gareth Hicks 4/2001] up


Pencaedu farm up

 

 

 

 

Correctly spelled Pen-cae-du, a building still stands there today, sited just beyond the mountain gate above Hen Garmel chapel/cemetery on the flanks of Mynydd Uchaf/Penllerfedwen, facing the Black Mountain across the valley.
This farm/land may well be the one mentioned in official records as early as 1610, [see also ' Farms in the area'] and referred to as  " Tir y Kae dy, 11 1/2d [annual rent]"

The 1838 Tithe schedule index shows [Hopkins being the tenant and Leach the landlord] ;
Hopkin Hopkins, Henry Leach, Pencaedu, 60
It was 75 acres in 1851 but only 40 acres in 1871/81.

"The main track through the region in the early days, and that one, in winter, was nothing except muddy ruts between two ditches, was the way from Cwmllynfell passed Wernbwll and Pencaedu, Penybryniau and Llwynhen, and across to Nantymelyn, and towards Llangyfelach. You can see traces of this old track in places today. The attraction from these parts was to Llangyfelach in those days, and there was no end to talk about Llangyfelach fair the length of the land in those days. There were two other routes in the area, namely Heol Hir and Heol Fyr; the one joining Waun common and Penlle'rfedwen mountain past Old Carmel, and the other going past Beili-glas Uchaf to the mountain." [Annibynwyr Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen by L C Huws 1942]

Census entries

1841 census at Pencaedu, Hopkin H.W [male], 50, farmer[all same cnty] ; Hopkin, Mary , 40 ; Hopkin, Sarah, 15 ; Hopkin, W [male], 9 . Separate dwelling ; Jones, Jenet, 20, female servant ; Anthony, David, 20, ag labourer [not same cnty].

1851 census at PENCAEDY ;  MORGANS MORGAN HD M 23 FARMER 75 AC. LLANGUICKE ; MORGANS MAGDALEN WI M 23 - LLANGUICKE ; MORGANS MARY DA U 2 -LLANGUICKE ; MORGANS JUAN DA U 5M -LLANGUICKE; BOWEN HANNAH SV U 19 HOUSE SERVANT,LLANGYFELACH

1861 census at Pencaedu, David Rees aged 29, wife Janet 22, dau Dinah 10 mnths, Ann Davies, 20 servant.

1871 census at Pencaedu Farm, David Rees, 39, farmer of 40 acres,[GLA],wife ANN,age 19,[Carms],children shown ; Diana 10, Evan 7,Anne 6, Llewelyn 5

1881 census at Pencaedu farm, David Rees, Cadoxton, 51, farmer 40 a, wife Ann 27,[Llanddeusant],chldrn now Llewelyn 15, coalminer,Catherine 9, scholar, Mary 6, sch, M'Ann 4,sch, Elizabeth 1.

1891 census at Pencaedu, David Rees, 63, farmer,[Cadoxton], Ann 39, Gwen 9, Sarah 7, Davy 4, Tom 2.

1901 census at Pencaedu,;

Footnotes ;

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[Gareth Hicks 4/2001]


Wernbwll/Pantydderwen up

 

 

 

 

 

Wernbwll  is mentioned in the records of the Barons Court for the Manor of Kaegurwen held in 1610 when it is recorded that it was occupied by Rees ap Richard and Catherine John, widow, at the rent of 5 1/2d a year.[ The History of Pontardawe by John Henry Davies.]

It is sited just east of Pencaedu, see above, on the slopes of Penllerfedwen.

"The main track through the region in the early days, and that one, in winter, was nothing except muddy ruts between two ditches, was the way from Cwmllynfell passed Wernbwll and Pencaedu, Penybryniau and Llwynhen, and across to Nantymelyn, and towards Llangyfelach. You can see traces of this old track in places today. The attraction from these parts was to Llangyfelach in those days, and there was no end to talk about Llangyfelach fair the length of the land in those days. There were two other routes in the area, namely Heol Hir and Heol Fyr; the one joining Waun common and Penlle'rfedwen mountain past Old Carmel, and the other going past Beili-glas Uchaf to the mountain."  [Annibynwyr Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen by L C Huws 1942]

According to Llangiwg Tithe records a William Gibbs held Wernbwll in 1781/82, he had 7 cows and 6 calves.

The 1838 Tithe schedule index show, [Jones & Harries being the landlords].
<William MICHAEL, David JONES & David HARRIES, Wernbwll, 51
The names of parcels of land shown for Wernbwll in the same 1838 schedule are;
Rough Piece, Pwll Gwtta, Croft Cae Isaf, Crofft Fach, Cae Main, Cae Isha, Waun Wen, Cae Garrw, Coedcae, Waun Fawr, Cae Uchllawty, Homestead, Cae Dan Ty.

Wernbwll

Census entries;

1841 census Wernbwll, William Michael, farmer, age 36[not born same county, others are], wife Hanah 36, Ann 4, Hanah 2. Also, female servant called Ann Rees aged 20 born Gla.

1851 census Wernbwll,  Rees, Philip, widower, 56, farmer/collier[Llandeilo]; Rees, Thomas, son, 21, farmer/collier[Llangiwg]; Rees, John, son, 16, farmer [Llangiwg] ; Rees, Morgan, son, 13, farmer [Llangiwg] ; Rees, Elizabeth, daughter, 17, farmer [Llangiwg]

1861 census Wernbwll, Thomas, William, 26, coalminer [all Llanguick]; Thomas, Anne, wife, 23 ; Thomas, Owen , son, 4? months.

1871 census Wernbwll Farm, Evan Thomas, 29, farmer & collier [all Glamorgan] ; Gwenllian Thomas, wife, 29 ; Angharad Thomas, dau, 7 ; Elizabeth Thomas, dau, 5 ; Mary Thomas, dau, 2 ; John Thomas, son, 6 mnths.

1881 census Wernbwll, William DAVIES 32 Llanarthney, Coal Miner ; Hannah DAVIES 31 Llanguicke, Wife ; John DAVIES 8 Llanguicke, Son, Scholar;  Eleanor DAVIES 6 Llanguicke, Daur, Scholar ; Thomas DAVIES 4 Llanguicke,: Son, Scholar;  Infant DAVIES 1 day, Female Llanguicke.

1891 census Wernbwll, Rees Williams, 43?, coal miner [Radnorshire-all spoke Welsh] ; Eleanor Williams, wife, 43?[all rest Llanguick]; Mary Williams, dau, 15; Morgan Williams, son, 6, scholar.

1901 census Wernbwll

Pantydderwen

Census entries;

1851 census Pantydderwen William Michael, widower, 44, miner[Cmn Bettws], Ann, dau, age 14[Gla Llangiwg], Dianah, dau,age 7 [Gla Llangiwg]

1861 census Pantydderwen, William Michael, widower, aged 52, collier, [Llangadock], dau Dinah 18.
[Richard Hicks married Dinah Michael in 1862.]

1871 census Pantydderwen Richard Hicks 32, coalminer, wife Diana 27, William 8, John 4, Hannah 2 [plus William Michael 63]

1881  census Pantydderwen Richard Hicks 45, coalminer, Dinah 38,William 18, coalminer, John 14, coalminer, Hannah 11,scholar, Daniel 9, sch, Morgan 6, sch, Benjamin 4, [plus William Michael 74]

1891 census Pantydderwen, Richard Hicks 55, widower, coalminer[all spoke Welsh] ; John Hicks 23,coalminer; Hannah Hicks 21, house keeper; Daniel Hicks 19, colliery clerk; Morgan Hicks15,coalminer; Benjamin 14?, coalminer; Margaret Ann 8,scholar.

1901 census Pantydderwen; Richard Hicks hd w 63 coal hewer worker llanguicke both languages; Margaret da s 19 llanguicke both languages

Footnotes;

[Gareth Hicks 4/2001]


Nantygaseg up

 

 

 

 

Nantygaseg farm is presuamably  the one mentioned in official records as early as 1610, [see also ' Farms  in the area'] and referred to as  " Tir nant y gaseg,  John Rees ap John [tenant], 5 1/2d [annual rent]". It was certainly mentioned in Cromwell's Survey of 1650, "Nant y gasseg, 1/2d [rent]". The name obviously comes from the stream that it sits along side on the lower slopes of the northern end of Mynydd y Garth, just off the lane from the main road up to Cwrt y Bariwns.

There are in fact several properties which have borne the name over the C19 and these are shown below with their census descriptions.

Census entries ;

Nant-y-gaseg

1861

1871

Nant-y-gaseg

1841

1851

1861

1871

1881

1891

Nant-y-gaseg cottage

1851

1861

1891

And

1891

Nant-y-gaseg Gar?

1881

Nant-y-gaseg isaf No 1 [ Shown as a farm of 55 acres in 1851]

1841 * See Footnote 3 below

1851

1871

Nant-y-gaseg isaf No 2

1841

1861

1881

Footnotes;

[Gareth Hicks 4/2001 & Rina Callingham re Nantygaseg No 1., 27 Feb 2006]


Beili-glas up

 

 

 

 

This farm stands close to Hen Garmel .

Census entries;

Baily Glas Cottage

1841

1851

Baily Glas isaf

1851

1861

1871

1881

1891

Baily Glas uchaf

1851

1861

1871

1881

1891

Footnotes ;

Extracts from Annibynwyr Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen

Extracts from Hen Gymeriadau Cwmgors a'r Waun o'r flwyddyn 1840

[Gareth Hicks 4/2001]


Cwmbach up

 

 

 

This farm stands close to Hen Garmel .

Census entries;

1841

1851

1861

1881

1891

Footnotes ;

These extracts are from Annibynwyr Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen   ;

The following extracts are from Hen Gymeriadau Cwmgors a'r Waun o'r flwyddyn 1840   ;

Here are details from  Land Tax Assessments relating to Cwmbach (and Pwllywrach)

See also Local wills  (Noah Jones)

[Gareth Hicks 4/2001 & 8/2005]


Llwynhen up

 

 

 

Llwyn-hen farm is on the lower slopes of Mynydd Uchaf, behind where the present Cwmgors school is now, south of the Uplands.

"The main track through the region in the early days, and that one, in winter, was nothing except muddy ruts between two ditches, was the way from Cwmllynfell passed Wernbwll and Pencaedu, Penybryniau and Llwynhen, and across to Nantymelyn, and towards Llangyfelach. You can see traces of this old track in places today. The attraction from these parts was to Llangyfelach in those days, and there was no end to talk about Llangyfelach fair the length of the land in those days. There were two other routes in the area, namely Heol Hir and Heol Fyr; the one joining Waun common and Penlle'rfedwen mountain past Old Carmel, and the other going past Beili-glas Uchaf to the mountain."  [Annibynwyr Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen by L C Huws 1942]

Census entries;

Llwyn-hen

1841

1851

1861

1871

1881

Llwyn-hen 2

1861

1891

Footnotes ;

[Gareth Hicks 4/2001]


Nantymelyn up

 

 

 

Nantymelyn farm stands on the west side of the main Cwmgors/Pontardawe road, opposite Cwmnanthopkin on the east side.

"The main track through the region in the early days, and that one, in winter, was nothing except muddy ruts between two ditches, was the way from Cwmllynfell passed Wernbwll and Pencaedu, Penybryniau and Llwynhen, and across to Nantymelyn, and towards Llangyfelach. You can see traces of this old track in places today. The attraction from these parts was to Llangyfelach in those days, and there was no end to talk about Llangyfelach fair the length of the land in those days. There were two other routes in the area, namely Heol Hir and Heol Fyr; the one joining Waun common and Penlle'rfedwen mountain past Old Carmel, and the other going past Beili-glas Uchaf to the mountain."  [Annibynwyr Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen by L C Huws 1942]

Census entries;

1841

1851

1861

1871

1881

1891

[Gareth Hicks 4/2001]


Blaennanthir up

 

 

 

Blaenant hir farm was just to the east of Wernbwll, on the slopes of Penllerfedwen above Tairgwaith.

It is presumably  the one called Blaen-y-nant-hir mentioned in official records as early as 1610, Jenkin David and William John Gwillim [tenants], annual rent 11 1/2d [see ' Farms in the area'].

Census entries;

1841

1851

1861

1871

1891

Blaen nant hir isaf

1871

Footnotes;

[Gareth Hicks 4/2001]


Llwynyrhidiau

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Llwynrhidiau [Llwynrhydie] is on the side of the mountain behind where Llwyn Rd meets Abernant Rd in Cwmgors.

The Llwynrhidiau family owned the land on the east side of the  main road running through the centre of Cwmgors village where houses were built by the incoming villagers on long term leases from the 1880s onwards.

Census entries;

1841

Llwyn yr Hidie farm

1851

Llwynrhydie

1871

1881

1891

Footnotes ;

Some extracts from Annibynwyr Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen by L C Huws 1942;

[Gareth Hicks 4/2001]


Land Tax Assessments relating to Cwmbach (and Pwllywrach)

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Contributed by Caryl Jones

YEAR

OWNER

FARM

OCCUPIER

RENT
s d

1772-3

NOAH JONES

PWLLYWRACH

Dd  HARRY & Dd GRIFFITH

0    3   0

"

NOAH JONES

CWMBACH

Dd HARRY

0    3   9

1773-4 

NOAH JONES

PWLLYWRACH

WIDOW HARRIES & Dd GRIFFITH 

0    3   0

"

NOAH JONES

CWMBACH

WIDDOW HARRY

0    3   9

1774-5

NOAH JONES

PWLLYWRACH

Wm JONES & DAVID GRIFFITH 

0    3   0

"

NOAH JONES

CWMBACH

WIDOW JONES  

0    3   9

1775-6

NOAH JONES &  HERBERT MACKWORTH

PWLLYWRACH

THOS DAVID Wms

0    4   0

"

NOAH JONES

CWMBACH

ANN HARRIES WID

0    5   0

1776-7

NOA JONES & HERBERT MACKWORTH

PWLLYWRACH

THOS DAVID Wms

0    4   0

"

NOA JONES

CWMBACH

ANN HARRIES WID

0    5   0

1776-8

NOA JONES & HERBERT MACKWORTH 

PWLLYWRACH

THOS DAVID Wms

0    4   0

"

NOA JONES

CWMBACH

ANN HARRIES WID

0    5   0

1778-9

NOT LISTED     

PWLLYWRACH

 

 

"

NOAH JONES

CWMBACH

ANN HARRY 

0    5   0

1779-80

NOAH JONES & HERBERT MACKWORTH 

PWLLYWRACH

THOMAS DAVID Wm

0    4   0

"

NOAH JONES

CWMBACH

JOSEPH DAVID

0    5   0

1781

HERBERT MACKWORTH & NOAH JONES 

PWLLYWRACH

THOMAS DAVID Wm

0    4   0

"

NOAH JONES

CWMBACH

JOSEPH DAVID

0    5   0

1782

Dd HERBERT MACKWORTH & HOPKIN  REES

PWLLYWRACH

Ths DAVID

0    4   0

"

NOAH JONES

CWMBACH

JOSEPH DAVID

0    5   0

1783

NOAH JONES

CWMBACH

Jos DAVID

0    5   0

1784

NOAH JONES

CWMBACH

JOSEPH DAVID

0    5   0

1785

NOA JONES

CWMBACH

JOSEPH DAVID

0    5   0

1786

JOHN HARRIS

CWMBACH

JOSEPH DAVID

0    5   0

1787

JOHN HARRIES 

CWMBACH

JOSEPH DAVID

0    5   0

1788

JOHN HARRIES

CWMBACH

JENKIN JONES      

0    5   0

1789

JOHN HARRIS

CWMBACH

JENKIN JONES      

0    5   0

1790

JOHN HARRIS

CWMBACH

JENKIN JONES      

0    5   0

1791

JOHN HARRIES

CWMBACH

JOHN HARRIES

0    5   0

1792

JOHN HARRIS 

CWMBACH

HIMSELF

0    5   0

1795

JOHN HARRIS

CWMBACH

HIMSELF

0    5   0

1797

JOHN HARRIS    

CWMBACH

JN HARRIS

0    5   0

1798

JOHN HARRIS

CWMBACH

0    5   0

1799

JOHN HARRIES

CWMBACH

HIMSELF

0    5   0

1800

MR JOHN HARRIES

CWMBACH

HIMSELF

0    5   0

1801

MR JOHN HARRIES

CWMBACH

HIMSELF

0    5   0

1802 

MR JOHN HARRIES

CWMBACH

HIMSELF

0    5   0

1803

MR JOHN HARRIES 

CWMBACH

HIMSELF

0    5   0

1805

MR JOHN HARRIES  

CWMBACH

HIMSELF

0    5   0

1806

MR JOHN HARRIES 

CWMBACH

DD

0    5   0

1808

JOHN HARRIES

CWMBACH

DD

0    5   0

1809

JOHN HARRIS

CWMBACH

DD

0    5   0

1810

JOHN HARRIS  

CWMBACH

DD

0    5   0

1811

JOHN HARRIS

CWMBACH

DD

0    5   0

1812

JOHN HARRIES

CWMBACH

SELF

0    5   0

1813

JOHN HARRIES

CWMBACH

HIMSELF

0    5   0

1814

JOHN HARRIES

CWMBACH

HIMSELF

0    5   0

1815

JOHN HARRIES  

CWMBACH

HIMSELF

0    5   0

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