APPLEGATE, Jesse [1811-1888] -- American surveyor, legislator, and Oregon pioneer
In 1843 three Applegate brothers, Jesse, Charles and Lindsay, and their wives emigrated by wagon train to Oregon. On the Oregon Trail, the tragic drowning of two Applegate children in the Columbia River and the threatening Cayuse Indians motivated Jesse to later (1846) act as captain of a team to locate an alternative southern route, which came to be known as the Applegate Trail. Once In Oregon he became at once influential in public affairs, becoming (1845) a member of the provisional government which lasted until the territory was attached (1849) to the United States. A member (1857) of the state constitutional convention, he withdrew when his leadership was challenged. First a Whig and then a Republican, he had much to do with supporting Lincoln and the cause of the North in Oregon.
He is thought to have refused a seat in the U.S. Senate because acceptance would have required a degree of subservience to the railroads -- which he had himself helped to develop.
Bookmarks (off-site links)
- Biographical, genealogical
- The Oregon Trail
- The Oregon-Trail Home page This web site is brought to you by Mike Trinklein and Steve Boettcher, creators of The Oregon Trail, the award-winning documentary film which aired nationally on PBS stations.
- The Overland Trail Links--Oregon Trail-Last updated 11/05/99 A giant compilation of Oregon Trail links.
- Oregon Trail Timeline
- The Barlow Road
- The 1843 Emigration
- The Great Migration: 1843 Pioneer Wagon Train to Oregon
- The Pioneer History of Churches in the Northwest - Our Resources With a 1843 Applegate quotation
- Oregon In 1843 With an extensive list of emigrants and researcher contacts
- Historical Gazette: Oregon Trail 1843 Part 1
- Historical Gazette: Oregon Trail 1849 Part 2
- THE PIONEER ROAD MAKERS First-hand account by Nineveh Ford at age 63
- The Applegate Trail
- Oregon's other trail: Pioneer route was nearly lost to history Betty Gaustad, a former flight attendant for United Airlines, says the story of the Applegate Trail has been waiting all this time to be told properly.
- Applegate Trail: the Southern Route of the Oregon Trail A brief history of the expedition, with some links at the end to related sites .
- Historic Trails
- OCTA -- Applegate Trail Lindsay Applegate, Jesse's brother, identifies the members of the trailblazing party in this reminiscence, written in 1877.
- OCTA -- Geography of the California Trails Lots of interesting maps and charts. See the section on the Lassen Trail.
- the Applegate Trail
- Modoc War & other historical
- Modoc War | The Settlers
- Outline Of Events In The History Of The Modoc War Part 1
- Outline Of Events In The History Of The Modoc War Part 2
- Outline Of Events In The History Of The Modoc War Part 3
- HSTAA432 Lesson Ten: Lines on the Land How the Willamette Valley was settled, with a quotation from Jesse's book, "A Day With the Cow-Column".
- Current events
Most of these also include additional historical background material
- Applegate Trail - Oregon Online Highways
- Applegate Trail Interpretive Center
- Applegate Trail: Applegate Trail Center in the homestretch Published in the Grants Pass Daily Courier on October 29, 1997; by Barbara Hahn.
- Applegate Trail: Sunny Valley Applegate Trail Interpretive Center Published in the Grants Pass Daily Courier on March 15, 1997; by Patricia Snyder
- Historic Trails in Douglas County.
- Bibliography, link farms. suites