Henry II Curtmantle [1133-1189] -- English monarch, King of England
Duke of the Normans (fr.1150)
Count of the Anjou (fr.1151)
Duke of Aquitaine (fr.1152)
a/k/aEngland (1154-1189), King
Henry II Fitz-Empress
Henry of Anjou
Ireland (1171-1189), Lord of: as Henry I
PLANTAGENET, Henry II Curtmantle
Son of Geoffrey, he was the first of the long line of Plantagenet kings. Defeated in his attempts to seize the crown from Stephen, ¤ Henry was designated Stephen's successor as settlement of the conflict between Stephen and Matilda, ¤ and he acceded on Stephen's death in 1154.
He extended the borders by restoration of northern English counties from Malcolm of Scotland, and greatly increased crown authority over the barons. Married (1152) to Eleanor of Aquitaine, ¤ his chief problem was her scheming with their mutinous sons, and he twice had to put down their armed rebellions.
His bitter controversy with Thomas à Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, who refused to acknowledge subservience to the king, led to Becket's murder by four of Henry's knights (1170), for which he did penance at the archbishop's shrine (1174).
He was succeeded by his son, Richard I. ¤
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