Elizabeth of York [1466-1503] -- Queen Consort of England
a/k/aEngland (1486-1503), Queen Consort
Elizabeth of York (11 Feb 1466 – 11 Feb 1503) was queen consort of England from 1486 until 1503. Throughout her lifetime, she was a daughter, sister, niece and wife of English monarchs - Edward IV, Edward V, Richard III and Henry VII. Queen Elizabeth is the most recent common ancestor of all English monarchs that reigned after her husband.
Queen of Henry VII, the eldest child of Edward IV and Elizabeth
Woodville, she was born at Westminster. The first marriage that was
arranged for her was with George Neville, but, when the Neville
family deserted Edward's cause, this was broken off, and in 1475
she was solemnly promised to the Dauphin of France.
The thought of this splendid alliance was no doubt one of the reasons
which induced Edward to conclude the somewhat shabby peace
of Pecquigny; and, when it became obvious that the French King
had no intention of allowing it to be carried
out, pure displeasure
is said to have hastened his death. At the date of that death
(April 1483) the Princess was with her mother, her younger brother
and sisters in the Sanctuary at Westminster; and she remained
there till March 1484, when Richard III, who had murdered her
brothers, Edward V and Richard of York, and usurped the throne,
induced the ladies to trust themselves to him: he is even said
to have suggested that, when his own Queen died, he would marry
Elizabeth. But the obvious marriage for her was that with the
exiled heir of the House of Lancaster, Henry Earl of Richmond,
and all peace-lovers, especially Bishop Morton of Ely, were constantly scheming for that end. There is some evidence that the
Princess herself, who was in Yorkshire at the date of Henry's
landing, was working secretly in his favour. It might almost
be said to be a part of Henry's 'contract with the English people'
that he should marry Elizabeth and so unite the rival Houses
Of York and Lancaster; but he was particularly anxious not to
appear to owe his crown to his wife, and therefore did not marry
her until January 1486. From that time they remained a devoted
and loving couple until Elizabeth's death.
Elizabeth bore to Henry seven children, four of whom lived to
grow up: she died at the Tower in 1503, and was buried in Henry VII's Chapel in Westminster Abbey.
[Historical portraits; Walker, Emery, Sir, 1851-1933; I:104; (1909)
- Husband: ¤Henry VII Tudor [1457-1509] English monarch, Earl of Richmond
- Father: ¤Edward IV [1442-1483] English monarch
- Mother: ¤WOODVILLE, Elizabeth [1437c-1492] Queen Consort of England
- Uncle: ¤Richard III "Crookback" [1452-1485] English Monarch
- Brother: ¤Edward V [1470-1483] English monarch
- Daughter: ¤Tudor, Margaret [1462-1514] Queen consort
- Daughter: ¤TUDOR, Mary [1496-1533] Queen consort of France