Charles VII of France [1403-1461] -- "le Victorieux", King of France
né VALOIS, Charles VII de
King of France (1422-1461)
France (1422-1461), King
He was excluded from the succession by the Treaty of Troyes (1420),
which promised the French crown to Henry V of England on the death of
Charles VI of France.
He nevertheless assumed the title of King on his father's death,
provoking war with England's Henry VI.
He started his reign with most of France in English possession.
Raised the seige of Orléans with the help of Jean d'Arc (1429).
Recovered from the English all lands except Calais.
His reign was marked by many reforms, and a strengthening of the monarchy.