See also

Family of Corneilus SCIPIO and Scribonia LIBO

Husband: Corneilus SCIPIO (c. 80-35)
Wife: Scribonia LIBO (c. 68- )
Children: Cornelia SCIPIO (c. 46-16)

Husband: Corneilus SCIPIO

Name: Corneilus SCIPIO
Sex: Male
Name Prefix: Publius
Father: -
Mother: -
Birth 0080 B.C. (cal)
Occupation Roman Consul
Title Roman Consul
Death 0035 B.C. (age 44-45) Rome, Italy

Wife: Scribonia LIBO

Name: Scribonia LIBO
Sex: Female
Father: Lucius LIBO Scribonius ( -16)
Mother: Connelia MAGNA Pompeia (c. 47- )
Birth c. 0068 B.C.

Child 1: Cornelia SCIPIO

Name: Cornelia SCIPIO
Sex: Female
Spouse: Aemilius PAULLUS (c. 77- )
Birth c. 0046 B.C.
Death 0016 B.C. (age 29-30)

Note on Husband: Corneilus SCIPIO

Publius Cornelius Scipio ‘Salvito’ (the cognomen Salvito is a nickname for ’Greetings’[citation needed]) was a consul who lived in the late Roman Republic.[citation needed] He was a member of the Cornelia gens and a relative of Scipio Africanus, the Roman general who defeated Hannibal.

 

Salvito married Scribonia as her second husband.[citation needed]. Scribonia borne him children, including a son Cornelius Scipio and a daughter Cornelia Scipio who married Lucius Aemilius Paullus (who served as a censor).

 

Caesar replaced him with Tiberius Nero for the priesthood, because of Tiberius’ success in the Alexandrian War. Scipio never supported Julius Caesar, but was always in favour of Pompey. According to Suetonius, his character towards Caesar was ‘contemptible’.

 

During the Civil War between Pompey and Caesar, Salvito traveled to North Africa to assist another of Pompey’s allies, King Juba I of Numidia. There was a prophecy that Caecilius Metellus, Salvito's relative, would become victorious over Caesar in Africa, however Caesar mocked this.

 

After the murder of Pompey in Egypt 48 BC, the civil war had reached its turning point. Caesar and his legions had begun to attack his remaining allies. In Thapsus (North Africa), King Juba and Scipio and their legions were defeated by Caesar and his legions. For this victory, Caesar received a military triumph in Rome.

 

After the defeat, King Juba committed suicide and Numidia in 46 BC became the Roman province of Africa Nova. Salvito was pardoned and he and his family returned to Rome. In 41/40 BC he was forced to divorce his wife Scribona in order so that her uncle Sextus Pompeius could make an alliance with the Julian family. Scribonia married Octavian (later Emperor Augustus) with whom she had a daughter, Julia the Elder. He later divorced her to marry Livia Drusilla. Salvito never remarried, he later became consul in 35 BC[citation needed] and died soon afterwards.[citation needed]

Note on Wife: Scribonia LIBO

This information seems to dispute the husband shown here - further research needed. Scribonia Magna (flourished 1st century BC and 1st century AD), in the modern historical sources she is known as Scribonia Crassi was a Roman noblewoman that lived in the Roman Empire. Scribonia was the daughter and only child of Lucius Scribonius Libo consul of 16 and Cornelia Pompeia Magna.

 

Scribonia was a noblewoman of the highest birth and had descended from ancient, distinguished and politically influential blood. Her maternal grandparents were Pompeia Magna and suffect consul Lucius Cornelia Cinna, while her paternal grandparents were consul of 34 BC, Lucius Scribonius Libo and his wife was a member of the gens Sulpicius, the family that the Roman Emperor Galba, had descended from his paternal side. Scribonia’s parents were both direct descendants of Pompeia Magna, the daughter of triumvir Pompey from his third marriage to Mucia Tertia. Lucius Scribonius Libo was a descendant of Pompeia Magna, from her first marriage to senator Faustus Cornelius Sulla, while Cornelia Pompeia Magna was the daughter of Pompeia Magna from her second marriage to suffect consul Lucius Cornelius Cinna.

 

Scribonia was born before 16, as in 16 her father was stabbed to death by the Roman Emperor Tiberius, who had charged him in planning a revolt against the emperor. Scribonia was born and raised in Rome. Very little is known on her life.

 

Scribonia had married Marcus Licinius Crassus Frugi, a man of consular rank. Frugi’s father, consul and governor Marcus Licinius Crassus Dives, was the adopted son of consul and general Marcus Licinius Crassus Dives the grandson of triumvir Marcus Licinius Crassus. He was the last known direct descendant of the triumvir and was the last known direct descendant of the triumvir who bore his name.

 

Scribonia bore Frugi four sons and they were:

 

Marcus Licinius Crassus Frugi II - Frugi served as consul in 64 under Roman Emperor Nero. Frugi was later killed by Nero sometime before 68.

Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus - who married Roman princess Claudia Antonia in 43, the daughter and only child of Roman Emperor Claudius from his second marriage to Aelia Paetina. Antonia married him as her first husband and they had no children. Magnus was murdered in 47.

Marcus Licinius Crassus Scribonianus - sometime between 68 and 69, the general Marcus Antonius Primus, had offered Scribonianus the Roman Empire and position of Roman Emperor, however Scribonianus refused to accept this.

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi Licinianus or Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus (38-69). Licinianus was adopted by the brief Roman Emperor Galba, who reigned between 68-69. Licinianus became Galba’s son and heir, who was murdered on the orders of Otho, when trying to obtain the Roman throne. Licinianus married a Roman woman called Verania, who came from a family of consular rank.

In the spring of 47 Scribonia, her husband and her second son Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus were executed on the orders of Roman Empress Valeria Messalina. After Scribonia, her husband and her son had died, the three were placed in the tomb of Licinii Calpurnii that is located on the Via Salaria. Also placed in the tomb was their first son.

 

Scribonia and Frugi from their first son’s marriage had two grandsons Calpurnius Piso Crassus Frugi Licinianus who was consul in 87 and suffect consul in 88 Lucius Scribonius Libo Rupilius Frugi Bonus. Calpurnius Piso Crassus Frugi Licinianus and his wife Agedia Quintina had conspired against the Roman Emperor Nerva and the couple was banished by Nerva to Taranto. Calpurnius Piso tried for a second time to escape and was banished by the Roman Emperor Trajan to a solitary island and on his third attempt to escape he died. Calpurnius Piso was also placed in the tomb of Licinii Calpurnii. Lucius Scribonius Libo Rupilius Frugi Bonus was an ancestor to Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius.