Reference to some legal principles may be of assistance:
"Proof" is the end-result of the evidence introduced.... it is the establishment of a requisite degree of belief in the mind of the trier of fact as to the facts in issue. It is the cumulation of evidence which persuades the trier of fact.
In general, the burden of proof in civil cases requires proof by a "preponderance of the evidence"... such evidence as, when weighed with that opposed to it, has more convincing force, and from which it results that the greater probability of truth lies therein.
An "inference" is a deduction of fact made by the jury from the evidence presented. It is the reasoning process by which the trier of fact comes to conclusions as to the significance of the evidence. The drawing of inferences is largely a matter for the discretion of the trier of fact. If an inference is drawn, it must be logical and reasonable, based on the facts in evidence.
For a fact to be received in evidence, it must be relevant; i.e., it must have probative value.... logically tending to prove the proposition for which it is offered. The only test of relevancy is whether the offered evidence is logically of probative value. If the evidence is relevant, it must be admitted for consideration by the trier of fact unless it is subject to exclusion because it is hearsay, or privileged, or the like.
In presenting the material in this website, certain hypotheses have been proposed. Webster defines a "hypothesis" as "a tentative assumption made in order to draw out and test its logical or empirical consequences... a formulation of a natural principle based on inference from observed data"; "theories" are "the analysis of a set of facts in their relation to one another.... an unproved assumption: conjecture.... a plausible principle offered to explain phenomena... "
This website represents an attempt to gather as much evidence as possible and to develop hypotheses which explain the history and genealogy of various Strongs and related families. It remains for the reader to determine whether by a preponderance of the evidence the facts gathered and considered in this website rise to the level of "proof" sufficient to establish these inferences, speculations and hypotheses as conclusory of the issues involved.
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Donegal Strong PuzzleCopyright © 1999-2001; David B. Strong; All Rights Reserved.
Copyright © 2001
David B. Strong