Local Newpaper Extracts
Some Selected Reports from the London Penny Post
From Friday August 9, to Monday August 12, 1751.
A Narrative of the Dangers and Distresses which befel ISAAC MORRIS, and seven more of the Crew, belonging to the Wager Store-Ship, which attended Commodore Anson, in his Voyage to the South-Seas.
THEY seldom live long in one Place; for when their Horses have eat up the Pasture in one Place, they remove their Town and all their Goods, which is soon done, a few miles from the former; and this several times in a Year, so that they have no settled Abode. They have scatter'd Habitations all over the Country, and but few Huts together; the Town where their Chief resides has three times the Number of Dwellings to any of the rest which I saw.
They seem to have some Notion of a Deity and pay a sort of Worsip, to the Sun and Moon; especially at at every New Moon, they collect: thernselves in a Body, and make a solemn Procession round the Town, one going before with a kind of Hoop in his Hand, round which are tied little Brass Bells, adorned with Ostiches Feathers which he would frequently swing round his Hand; and then the whole Company would make a most hideous Noise, which, I suppose, they designed for Singing. This Ceremony usually lasted Half an Hour. This Method with their Hoop and Bells is likewise used when any of them are sick or dying. A white Flannel Cloth is hung up before the sick Person, and the Man with his Hoops and Bells, who is generally one of his Relations, comes to visit him; and after a few Minutes Conversation he leaves him, and walks several times round the Hut, jingling his Bells, and talking aloud in a Variety of Accents, which we could underfiand nothing of, but imagined he designed it for Prayers for his sick Friend. When any of them dies, they soon bury him generally the next Morning. They roll up the dead Body in a Hide, with every Thing that belongs to him, as Bows, Arrows, &c. and carry it, without any Ceremony, at some Distance from the Town; where they throw it into a large round Pit, dug on Purpose, which they afterwerds fill up with Earth. Yet notwithstanding; they have no Ceremony, at the Funeral, their Mourning for the Dead is very strict, which the Friends of the Deceased observe for three Months, during which Time they remove themselves at a Distance from any of the rest of the Houses, and converse with nobody ; but are supplied with Provisions from the whole Town, by the King's Order, 'till they Time of Mourning is over. They seem to have some Notion of the Devil, at least are afraid of Apparitions; for none of them will stir out of his Hut, when dark without Company. And one Night in particular we heard a great Noise in the Town, like several Drums beating, which, next Day, we found to be some of the Indians beating the Sides of their Houses, which were made of Horses Skins, with large Stiks, in order to frighten away the Devil.
Each Indian has but one Wife, and they live together in a very loving Manner. When any of them lye in, there's a Provifion made for them different from what they are accomodated with at another Time; for the Entrance of the Hut, which at other Times is always open, is shut up with Horses.Skins as soon as the Woman begins to be in Travail; and no one goes in tiII she comes with the Child in her Arms, which is perfectly wrapt up in a Sheep's Skin, and, instead of a Bed or Cradie, is laid on a Machine somewhat like our Hand-barrow, the Bottom of which is Iikewise covered with a Sheep's Skin.
Dublin, August 3. We hear that on Account of the present Combinations of the Journeymen and Artificers of the several Trades in this Kingdom, a Bill will be brought in next Session of Parliament, to put a Stop to this growing Evil, so prejudicial to the Trade and Manufactures thereof.
Dublin, Aug.3. Late last Monday Night a Gentleman going through Fleece-alley in Fishamble-street, was attacked by two Gabbard Men, who took off his Hat and Wig, and then struck him violently over the Head, whereupon he cried out Robbers, when a Man and a Woman happening to come that Way, upon hearing the Gentleman cry our, ran to his Assistance, which the Robbers seeing endeavoured to make their Escape, but the Woman seizing one of the Villains by the Collar, after some Struggle got him down; the Man, with the Help of the Gentleman that was attacked, pursued the other Villain and took him, and they were both committed to Newgate. We hear that they are the Persons who murdered a Watchman belonging to the Ballast Office on George's Quay some time ago.
Judith Brenan, that was to have been executed some time ago, but set at Liberty on Condition that she would transport herself, was this Week, with another Lady of the Town, sent to Newgate, for robbing a Gentleman whom they picked up in the Street.
On Thursday Part of a House fell down in G[....] Lane; but some of the Chimney falling first it a[...] the Persons within, who immediately ran out, leaving a young Child in the Cradle, which providentally was [saved?] by that Part of the House not giving Way.
By Letters brought by Friday's Post we learn, that the Ships which lately went out under the Command of Commodore Rodney, in search of the Island of which Information upon Oath was given to the Lords of the Admiralty, are returned to Spithead, without having been able to make the least Discovery of such Island.
According to the last Accounts from a certain Infant Colony, there is too much Reason to fear the French will gain their Ends on that Side.We have heard of Regiments being sent over from Time to Time, from England and Ireland, and certain it is that several Regiments were transported thither; but it now appears, by these Advices; that all put together do not make above one complete Regiment; every Company should consist of 20 private Men, but they have generally no more than 12 or 13 Men; and of these some are daily lopp'd off by the Indians in the French Interest, who harrass them perpetually with surprising Animosity. Such of these lndians as are initiated into the Christian Religion, are made to believe, by the French Missionaries, that Jesus Christ was a Frenchman, and his Crucifiers Englishmen. In short, they omit nothing to plague that new Settlement, 'tis said the G----r is quite sick of his Post, seeing himself so ill supported. Capt.Rous, who took a French Brigantine last Summer on that Coast, was sent some time ago with a Sloop of War to look into a certain Creek or Bay in that Neighbourhood; and when this Account came away they began to be uneasy about him, being informed that a French Man of War had sailed soon after in quest of him.
They write from Nova Scotia, of the 12th of June, that several Skirmishes having happened near Chebucto with the Enemy, Major Cotterell was sent out with a Party of 170 Men to reconnoitre the Woods, and to lie in Ambush for the Indians; which Design failing, in order to discover if the Indians had any Real Courage, he crossed the River, and made towards a Blockhouse, upon which both French and Indians immediately retir'd, but soon returned, and fired a Swivel Gun, which wounded one of our People; and as they were too powerful, Major Cotterell thought proper to repass the River.
An Extract of a Letter from Halifax in Nova Scotia, dated June 25, 1751.
"We have had several Skirmishes with the Indians, by which several of our People have been killed and scalped; some Days ago about sixty of them attack'd the Town of Dartmouth, whose Fence is only a small Brush, and kill'd about eight of the Inhabitants, and after that, exercised their Cruelties, by pulling down some Houses, and destroyiug all they found, not sparing Men, Women, and Children; a Serjeant, who was in his Bed, came to the Inhabitants Assistance whom they pursued and kill'd ; and not being content with his Life, cut his Left Arm off, and afterwards scalped him. In returning from the Town, they carried off about fourteen Prironers in Triumph. During this Engagement, we had no Assistance from the Company of Rangers, for which Serjeant has been tried by a Court-Martial, but acquitted; and notwithstanding these troublesome Times with the Indians which the French send us, and the Devil sends
.... French, we have still Ships continually arriving, with Families on Board to People this Colony; but our great expectation and Hopes are on the Arrival of Commodore [...], with five British ships of War, who we daily expect, with all Military Implements. Our Forces have gor Possession of a large Tract of Land near Chineotego, which of great Service; and our Governor to encourage all Persons about four Months ago, to extirpate the Indian, promised a Reward of fifty Pounds for every Indian Scalp, since which there has only one been brought in, they having always Outscouts to carry off their Dead."
They write from Maryland, that the latter End of June died Eliot Benger, Esq; Postmaster General of all his Majesty's Dominions on America.
By a Letter from the Cape of Good Hope, dated the 10th of April last, to a Gentleman in this Town, there is Advice that at that Time there were at the Cape two French outward bound India Ships, full of Officers and Soldiers, and that eleven others, provided in like manner, had gone before, which they pretended was only to repair the Losses they had sustained; but it alarmed our People with strange Apprehensions.
This[?] Day six Months Pay will be Issued out at the Pay-Office, Whitehall, to the Garrisons in Great Britain, from the 25th of June to the 24th of December 1750.
At the same time six Month's Allowance for Fire and Candle, will be issued out to the said Garrisons, to the Time abovementioned.
On Tuesday last died Robert Hall, Esq; first Clerk in the Secretary's Office, belonging to the Victualling Office. And
On Wednesday Mr.Dove, who has been several Years in the said Office, was appointed to succeed him. And Mr.Hedges to succeed Mr.Dove.
On Wednesday died Aged 76 at his Lodging in Tower Street, Mr.Elias Perchard, many Years an eminent Broker in Exchange Alley.
By a private letter from Cardiganshire we have an Account, that the Rev.Mr.John Pugh, of that County is now married to his fourth Wife, what is remarkable, his next Door Neighbour on one Side is married to his fifth Wife and his next Door Neighbour on the other Side is married to his third Wife; so that between three Husbands there has been twelve Wives, nine dead, and three now living.
Last Thursday Night his Grace the Duke of St.Alban's arriv'd in Town from his Travels to foreign Parts.
We hear from Tunbridge Wells that the Company there is very brilliant. The French Ambassador, with his Lady and numerous Retinue are arrived there; Other new and genteel Company are continually coming and going; the Change is very frequent for want of their Gaming to fix them, the Country Gentlemen having taken the laudable Resolution not to suffer any.
One or two Accidents of Note have happened there; a young Lad had a Fall, picthed his Shoulder against Stone Steps, just at the Joint, by which the Blade Bone was splintered and cracked like a Glass Salver, the Pieces not to be counted. Sir Charles Sedley, from his natural humane Disposition, sent to Mr.Watson a Surgeon in the Place to be taken Care of, who managed him so, that he could feed himself with that Arm and Shoulder in two Days Time.
The other Accident was at a Cricket-Match, --- Lucas, Esq, who was.standing by, was struck so violent a Blow with a Ball, that his Thumb was put out of Joint, and the FIesh all tore from the upper Part of his Hand. He was imemediately relieved by the same Surgeon, who happened to stop there on his Return from Sussex to the Wells, and was luckily known to some of the Gentlemen present.
A few Days since a dreadful Fire happen'd at Byfleet near Weybridge, in the County of Surry, Mr.Smith, a Master Carpenter of that Place, who also kept a Public-House, the sign of the Leathern Bottle, and had a Quantity of Turf brought home, which was placed in the Turf-house adjoining to the Dwelling-house; but it not being thoroughly dry, took fire, and communicated thereto when all the Family were in Bed, the Flames of which being fortunatley observed by a Person who was watching a Warren about a Mile Distance, he made haste into the Village, and though he made a considerable Noise at the Door, it was some time before he could rouse Mr.Smith, who, with his Father, Mother, Wife, and five Children, had time only to save themselves and a few Cloaths. The Loss is reckoned to be £200. to Mr.Smith, the House being his own, which was the Fruit of his own Labour and honest Industry; but we hear that several Gentlemen of Fortune in the Neighbourhood are determined, by an act of Beneficence, to make his Loss as light as possible.
Last Thursday Night, about Ten o'Clock, Robert Darby alais Jones, who robb'd the Western Mail on Blackwater Heath on Monday the 29th of July last, was taken at Gravesend, by an Acquaintance of his, who had pursued him from Place to Place for six Days successively:
The first Day he was so near being taken, that he was obliged to leave the Cloaths he robbed the Mail in behind him, and which the boy has since swore to. When taken he appeared in the Dress of a Foreigner, with a feather'd Hat, and was endeavouring to get a Passage from thence to France, not thinkmg it so safe to go to Dover.
On Saturday last was committed to the New Goal, Southwark, by Sir William Richardson, Knt. charg'd on Oath to have assaulted Jane Patmore an Infant of the Age of four Years and four Months, with an Intent to commit a Rape on the Body of the said Infant.
In Saturday Elizabeth Sturt of Guildford, was committed to the New Goal; Southwark, by Jude Storer, Esq; charged on an Inquest taken by John Shoter, Gent. one of the Coroners of that Town, with the Murder of a new born Female Infant, born of her Body.
On Thursday Francis Bodens, a Frenchman, between 60 and 70 Years of Age, was committed to New Prison by Justice Chamberlayne, for assaulting with an Intent to ravish a Child about five Years old, the Daughter of one Tyboz by the Seven Dials.
Wednesday last a poor Man, by Virtue of an Extent from one of the Commissioners of the Excise, was committed to his Majesty's Gaol of Newgate, being convicted for selling of selling of Spirituous Liquors without License, on the new Act, and not having Effects to pay the Penalty of ten Pound.
On Tuesday Night last thirty four loose idle, and disorderly Persons were taken up, by Mr:Welch, High Constable of Holborn Division, by Virtue of a Search Warrant under the Hands of Richard Chamberlayne and Phillip Dyett, Esqrs; and confined in the Roundhouse till Wednesday Morning, when they were all brought before the said Gentleman at the House of Henry Fielding, Esq.; in Bow-street, Covent Garden, and after a long Examination, some were admitted to Bail, and others committed to Clerkenwell Bridewell to hard Labour.
On Wednesday Evening last as ---- Williams, Esq; and his Lady, were returning in their Chariot from Vauxhall to Putney, they were robbed by two Highwaymen of Five Guineas, one of the Highwaymen gave the Foot-boy a Guinea to drink his Health.
On Wednesday Night last, as a poor Woman who sells Earthen Ware was coming home over Lock Eield to Westminster, she was knocked down and robbed by a Fellow dressed in a Sailors Habit, who took from her 9s and some Halfpence, beat her in the cruel Manner, and then made off.
On Thursday last Farmer Bamlett of Ripley, coming to Town was attacked upon Putney Heath, by a single Highwayman, well dressed and mounted. The Farmer might easily have rode off had he not been deceived by the Fellow's Dress, for Imagining him to be a Gentleman coming up to him to enquire the Road, he did not endeavour to ride from him, but was soon undeceived by the Friendly Salutation of Friend I musl: have your Money. The Farmer replied he had but little, and did not chuse to part with it. But upon the Highwayman's producing a Pistol,. he gave him a Bag, which contained Seven Shillings and a Penny ; and his Watch was demanded but saying he had none, the Fellow returned him Three Shillings and his Bag again, and desired him to take no Notice of having seen him.-- The same man soon after robbed two Coaches near the same Place.
Lately the Remains of an ancient City was discovered by some Workmen near Colchester, in Essex, which has caused a great many ingenious and learned Gentlemen to go thither to see it.
On Friday came Advice, that the Wolf mentioned to have infested the Village near Wolverhampton to the Terror of all the Inhabitants was killed on Saturday last in Cannock Wood, near Litchfield.
On Friday exactly at Three o'Clock, in the midst of the great Shower of Rain, a Gentleman very richly dressed fell down on his Knees, just by the Great Toy-shop in St. Paul's Church-Yard, and pulling out a fine Crucifix stuck it in the Post, and there prayed very devoutly for some time, which brought a great Number of People about him; but the Bigot took not the least Notice of them, but when he had done put the Crucifix again in his Pocket, and walked off with the utmost seeming Gravity.
Last Tuesday a Child about four Years old in Air Street Piccadilly, being left alone while the Mother was gone to Market, threw down a Saucepan of boiling Broth, which Scalded it in so dreadful a Manner, that it expired soon after in the greatest Agonie.
Extract of a Letter from Gosport, August 6.
On Saturday arrived at Spithead, Commodore Edgecumbe in his Majesty's Ship the Monmouth, in Company with the Monarch and Fogueux Men of War from Gibralter, having on board his Majesty's Royal Regiment of Foot, commanded by Brigadier General Wolf and Col.Skelton's Regiment of Foot. They were twenty two Days on their Passage, and met with hard Gales of stormy Wind, notwithstanding which both Soldiers and Sailors are in good Health. Off Lisbon they met with a French Fleet outward bound, consisiing of four large Ships of War, and five Frigates, commanded by an Admiral who had white Flag at the Mizen topmast Head, but did not tell where they was bound; they had met with hard Gales in the Channel and two of their Fleet was put back, being damaged.
On Monday the Soldiers were disembarked, General Wolf's on this Side; when landed, and after taking a short Refreshment, they marched through the Town with the Drums beating and the Colours flying and made a very fine Appearance being a Parcel of Jolly likely Men. Their Route is for Salisbury.
Col.Skelton's Regiment landed at Portsmouth.
This Day is publish'd, (Price 4d.)
THE Hertfordshire Witches: Or the Country Hobgoblins. Containing an Account of the antient and modern Wizards and Witches, Conjurers, Gipsies, and Fortunetellers. Including those of Greece, Lapland, the Sortes, Praenina (from whence is derived the present Race of Coffee-Ground Cairers), and Covent-Garden.
Wrote by a Gentleman of TRING,
On the Conviction of Thomas Colley, at the Summer Assizes at Hereford, 1751, for the barbarous Murder of Ruth Osborn, at Tring, in the said County, in the Presence of 10000 Persons, on a Supposition of her being a Witch.
Nescio quis teneros oculus mihi fascinat agnos. VIRGIL.
Printed in Green Arbour Court, near the Little Old-Bailey, and may be had of all the News-Carriers.