Notes for: Chandler Graham Heath

Notes for: Chandler Graham Heath

CHANDLER GRAHAM HEATH
By Betty Gillespie Pollack
Copyright August 2005
Permission to reproduce with credit granted

PREFACE:

CHANDLER GRAHAM HEATH was my great great great grandfather. My father grew up with Chandler’s daughter Betsey Heath Martin Beecher who died at age 91 when my dad was 18 years old. My parents located a copy of Chandler’s obituary about 30 years ago and one of my cousins used it to write a wonderful poem as a gift to my father. Chandler’s reported adventures have always fascinated me because I am an inveterate traveler who most likely inherited a great deal of my wanderlust from him. Shortly after I retired I set out to find out all I could about Chandler’s life and specifically to document the claims made in his obituary, which was published in the Oxford County Record, Fryeburg, Maine, Feb. 11, 1888.

This biography is based on extensive original research conducted between 2001 and 2005, including searches of census, land, county clerk and court records in Fryeburg ME, Dover and Ossipee NH, Mineral Point WI, and Trinity, Shasta and Nevada counties CA. I also searched Federal Archives military records, made cemetery visits, and obtained various documents during on-site visits to historical and genealogical society libraries in Fryeburg, Oxford, ME; Conway, Carroll, NH; Waldwick, Iowa, WI; and Trinity, Shasta and Nevada counties, CA. In addition I obtained valuable, unpublished information from two knowledgeable living Heath descendants, Mildred Heath in NH and Evelyn Heath Grant in CA both of whom gave me permission to publish their names.

CHANDLER’S EARLY LIFE:

Chandler Graham Heath was born on October 19, 1795 according to his gravestone which reads “Died Feb 2, 1888 aged 92 yrs, 3 mos, 15 ds” and the Gordon Diary entry on file at the Fryeburg Historical Society. That entry reads: "2/2/1888: HEATH, Chandler, died at 8 A.M. He was 92 last October and came from Wisconsin in December. He has been a very remarkable man." In an affidavit signed June 13, 1887, Chandler says he was age 90 in Oct. 1886 (i.e. born 1796). In his military pension application dated Sept 20, 1880 he self reports that he was born in Rumford ME. No official birth records exist in Rumford, which was named New Pennacook prior to 1800. His parents, Benjamin Heath and Dorothy (Dolly) Willey, are not listed among the early families of Rumford. Benjamin owned land in Fryeburg ME from 1784 to 1798. Census records consistently list his birthplace as Maine. Exactly where is not yet absolutely documented.

Chandler led a long, adventuresome and colorful life serving in the Navy, moving from New Hampshire to the frontier in Wisconsin, traveling by covered wagon to the California goldfields and back to Wisconsin, traveling back and forth crossing the country a few times in the 1870’s and 80s, and returning to the land of his birth to die and be buried in the family cemetery in East Conway NH at age 92.

Chandler’s obituary says he attended Pine Hill Academy at age 6 or 7. That Academy has no record of his attendance there between November 1799 and August 1802. During my visit to Fryeburg in Fall 2001, I did not ask Pine Hill’s gracious staff to research other years. However, Oliver Griswold with whom he reportedly lived, was a big supporter of Pine Hill. It is also interesting to note that Chandler's brother born in 1804 was named Oliver Griswold Heath!

CHANDLER’S MILITARY SERVICE, BOUNTY LAND AND PENSION APPLICATIONS

The Federal Archives has extensive information about Chandler’s military service, including a bounty land application he made in 1855, a military pension application filed in 1880 and an1887 affidavit which was likely an appeal. All his applications were rejected. The source is Register #55644, S.O. #34507 and Claim # 34504 at National Archives “Federal Pension or Bounty Land Applications”.

Chandler applied for a bounty land warrant on March 31, 1855 from Iowa County WI for service in the War with Algiers in 1815, stating that he enlisted at the City of Portland, in the State of Maine, on or about the 23 April 1815 and was transferred to the Man of War Java sometime in the month of February 1817 and continued in active service in said War for more than 14 days and was honorable discharged at the Port of Boston…. on 23 April, 1817…” He declared that he had made a prior application under a prior act of Congress approved Sept 28, 1850 and it “was rejected for some cause unknown to applicant”. As he states in a subsequent 1880 application for a military pension, his 1855 application “was rejected, the service being in 1815 after Peace”.

Official Navy records confirm the information in Chandler’s obituary about his Navy service travels between April 24, 1815 and April 23, 1817. He served stateside on board the USS Washington IV for 14 months of his two-year enlistment and on both the Washington and Java in the Mediterranean for the next 10 months. According to Navy records available at www.history.navy.mil The Washington IV was launched October 1, 1814, commissioned at Portsmouth Aug 26 and sailed for Boston on Dec 3, 1815. In Spring 1816 Washington sailed to Annapolis, arrived there May 15 and welcomed several distinguished guests including President and Mrs. James Madison. Perhaps Chandler met the President! Washington sailed from Chesapeake Bay under the command of Commodore Isaac Chauncey, commander of the Navy’s Mediterranean Squadron with William Pickney and his party on board. The ship arrived in Gibraltar on July 2 and in Naples on July 25, 1816 and stayed there until the end of August since Pickney’s mission was “to adjust the claims of American merchants against the Neapolitan authorities”. For the next two years Washington “operated in the Mediterranean as flagship of the American squadron, providing a display of force to encourage the Barbary states to respect American commerce.” On January 4, 1817 Chandler was transferred to the USS Java, which was in the Mediterranean, where it had earlier docked in Algiers and Tripoli under the command of Captain Oliver Hazard Perry. It is not known where the Java was when Chandler was transferred, but that ship made a final cruise stopping at Syracuse, Messina, Palermo, Tunis Gibraltar and Naples before returning to Newport in early 1817 and finally to Boston, where Chandler was discharged on April 23, 1817. What exotic travels these ports must have been for the twenty one year old Chandler!

The following is a transcript of a hand written statement by Chandler Heath dated 31 March 1855. "State of Wisconsin Iowa County. On the 31st day of March AD 1855 personally appeared before me as Justice of the Peace within and for the County of Iowa in the State of Wisconsin Chandler Heath aged sixty years a resident of the County of Iowa in the State of Wisconsin who being duly sworn according to law declares that he is the identical person who was a Seaman on board the Washington commanded by Commodore Chauncey in the War with Algiers in 1815. That he enlisted at the City of Portland in the State of Maine on or about the 23rd March 1815 and was transferred to the Man of War Java sometime in the month of February 1817 and continued in actual (sic) service in said War for more than fourteen days and was honorably discharged at the Port of Boston in the State of Massachusetts which discharge is hereunto annexed on the 23rd day of April 1817 for the reason that the term of service for which he enlisted had expired. He makes this declaration for the purpose of obtaining the bounty land to which he may be entitled under the act approved March 3, 1855. He also declares that he has not received a warrant for bounty land under this or any other act of Congress but that he made application under the Act of Congress approved September 28, 1850, but that the same was rejected for some cause unknown to applicant. (Signed) Chandler Heath." The application was witnessed by John Milton and Thomas Berry before Samuel Thomas, Justice of the Peace and the signatures were certified by Jas Murchison, Clerk, Circuit Court Iowa County, Wis. That application was denied because Chandler’s service was during peace time.

On Sept 20, 1880 at age 85 as a resident of Conway, Carroll, NH Chandler applied for a federal military pension application based on his military service from Sept 10, 1814 to Sept 24, 1814. In that application Chandler made his claim based on service in the War of 1812. His signed application says he "was a private in the artillery company commanded by Captain Philip Eastman in the regiment of Massachusetts Militia commanded by Maj. James Steele in the war of 1812; that he was called out at Fryeburg on or about 10 Sept 1814 for an indefinite term, served 14 days and was honorably discharged at Portsmouth ME 24 Sept 1814..." In point of fact, Chandler signed up for military duty as a substitute for David Hardy. A report signed by C.H. Bridges, Major General says he served for two weeks in the War of 1812 as a Matross in Capt Philip Eastman's Company of Artillery MA Militia, called into service to defend the town of Portland. Unfortunately, that report goes on to say that he deserted on Sept 25, 1814.

Chandler’s 1880 application provides additional information about his life. It says that since the time of his military service he lived in Conway NH, Mineral Point, WI, and Minersville, Trinity County CA that he was born in Rumford ME, was a farmer, is 5 ft 8 in. tall, light hair, blue eyes and light complexion. It further says that "he has never made any application for a pension, that he applied for a land warrant about 1856 at Wisconsin for service in US Navy which claim was rejected the service being in 1815 after peace, and that he was living in Conway NH on the date of this application. He also made claim for 100 miles of travel from Fryeburg to Portland and return. A hand written note on the cover page of the stamped application reads "Rej 34507 Rej B.L. 55644".

A file card which is part of his application states: "Service: US Navy--Washington and Java; Capt Eastman's Co., Mass Mil. It also lists his residence as follows: 1855: Iowa Co., WI; 1880: Minersville, Trinity Co., Cal., 1880 Conway, Carroll Co., NH" "Maiden name of widow: Lydia B. Wyman" "Marriage of Soldier and Widow: Aug, 1820, Chatham, NH" "Remarks: Veteran born- Oct 1796, Rumford, Mass (Maine). The file has a separate page which reads: "This is to certify that Chandler Heath late a landsman on board the U.S. Frigate Java has been regularly discharged from the Navy of the United States, the term for which he engaged having expired. Boston, April 23rd, 1817 for Edie Fitzgerald Purser, Charles O Handy"

Additional papers: Application for Service Pension War of 1812 for Chandler G. Heath of Capt. Philip Eastman’s Co Arty Reg't of Mass Militia. Handwritten at top "Rej 34507 Rej B.L. 5-564-(illegible). This is an affidavit signed by D. R. Hastings and A. H. Walker sworn to on Sept 20, 1880, stating that they know him and "we believe what he says and we have heard other soldiers who served say he was there" (in Capt. Eastman's company).

A letter from Chas Beardsley, Auditor, Treasury Dept, Fourth Auditors Office dated May 21, 1880 reads: “Hon. J. A. Bentley, Commissioner of Pensions, Washington, DC. Sir: In reply to your letter of the 10th instant, in the case of Chandler G. Heath, you are respectfully informed that his name does not appear on the rolls of the "Java" embracing the period from April 1813 to April 1815. I find that a Chandler Heath enlisted on the 24th of April 1815, as a Landsman, for two (2) years, and served on the 'USS Washington' from the date of his enlistment to January 4, 1817 and on the 'Java' from January 5th to April 23rd, 1817, when he was discharged."

At age 90 Chandler misstated his military service dates in a singed affidavit dated June 13, 1887. It reads: "State of Wisconsin, Iowa County: Chandler G. Heath being duly sworn on oath says that that (sic) he was ninety years old in October 1886 and resides in Iowa County Wisconsin and that his Post Office address is Mineral Point Iowa County Wis. That on the fifteenth day of April AD 1813 at the city of Portland in the state of Maine he enlisted in the military service of the United States and entered the navy and went immediately on board the Ship Washington under Commodore Chauncy (sic) and John Adams. L Craydon was Captain- that said ship sailed on April 1814 and he staid on said ship in said service until his time of service expired and that he was sent home on the warship 'Java' and received an honorable discharge from said ship on the fifteenth day of April 1815 just two years after such enlistment. That he is in fair health considering his age but poor and obliged to labor for his support. That he makes this application to procure a Pension under a recent Act of Congress granting pensions to soldiers in the War of 1812. That he applied for bounty land a great many years ago and forwarded his discharge to Washington DC. This is the reason it does not accompany this claim. That he hereby appoints Alex Wilson of Mineral Point Wis. his lawful attorney to prosecute his claim for Pension and do all things necessary to secure his claim and receive (??) and receipt (??) for his Pension Certificate. Chandler G. Heath X his mark". On 13 June 1887 Harriet Leavitt and Seth Heath of Iowa Co Wis. whose Post Office address is Mineral Point Iowa Co WI signed a sworn statement that they have known him ‘for 40 years, are his neighbors and that they believe he is the identical person represents himself to be’ and that they have no interest in his claim.” Editorial note: The signatories were not just his neighbors. Harriet was his daughter and Seth was his son, so they knew him at least 40 years!!!

CHANDLER’S LIFE AFTER MILITARY SERVICE:

Census and land records give other insights into Chandler’s life and travels.

Chandler married Lydia Wyman on August 13, 1819 in Chatham NH. I have a certified copy of their marriage certificate. They had nine children. In order of birth they were: Mary Brackett, May 11, 1821; Kimball Eastman (Kimble in most records) , June 16, 1823; Chandler G. Jr., Oct. 24, 1824 (the only child to remain in NH all of his life); Harriet, Oct 4, 1827; Almira, Jan, 30, 1829; my great, great grandmother. Betsey, June 4, 1831; James, April 8, 1833; Laura Ann, Sept 5, 1837; and Seth, Dec 25, 1839.

Chandler made at least thirteen land transactions between October 3, 1818 and October 12, 1844 in the Fryeburg, Oxford, ME and Conway, Carroll, NH area, the first being his purchase of 100 acres from Josiah Batchelder (Batchelder’s Grant) in Maine at the NH state line. He is listed in the 1820 and 1830 censuses in Fryeburg ME. Note that these two towns are very close and the road around Batchelder’s Grant where he lived crosses back and forth between the two states.

MOVE TO WISCONSIN

Chandler, Lydia and most of their children moved to Iowa County, Wisconsin between 1844 and 1846 when Lydia received a gift of land from her uncle, the philanthropist, Abiel Chandler. Oral family history says this was a wedding gift. If so, it was a very belated one. On Dec 9, 1846 (recorded Oct 10, 1851) Abiel Chandler, a single, unmarried man, of Boston, sold 160 acres to Lydia for $1 cash.

In the 1846 Iowa County Wisconsin Territorial Census Chandler G. Heath is listed with 3 males (Kimble, James and Seth) and 5 females (Lydia, Almira, Betsey, Laura Ann and one other) in his household. This is the first record of him in WI. Betsey’s future husband, George A. Martin, single, is listed two names further down the list. Daughter Mary Brackett married Joshua Kelly in Conway in 1838 and daughter Harriet married Benjamin Leavitt in Fryeburg in 1844. Both later moved to the Midwest. Son Chandler G. Jr. remained in NH all of his life.

CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH TRAVELS

Chandler has not been found in the Wisconsin 1850 census because he was in the California gold fields with his son-in-law George Armstrong Martin, Sr. After considerable research in Shasta, Trinity and Nevada counties, CA, I cannot definitively document Chandler’s gold rush days. He is not in any of those counties in the 1850 census. Records of men who came in search of gold and returned home are virtually non-existent. However, enough circumstantial evidence exists to postulate that Chandler and George probably came to the Rough and Ready/Grass Valley area of Nevada County in 1850, left there and either went home or went to Trinity County before returning home to Wisconsin in 1851.

The circumstantial evidence comes from documentation of Peter Van Matre’s gold rush travels. Peter married Chandler’s daughter Almira in Iowa County WI. (The Iowa records spell his name Van Meter; California records spell it Van Matre.) Peter was one of the 10 men who founded Rough and Ready, Nevada County, CA in 1849 and struck it rich. He returned to Mineral Point Iowa in early 1850 to bring more men to Rough and Ready. Chandler and George were not among the first ten who are named in Nevada County local records. The 40 men in the second party are not named.

The book, History of Iowa County Wisconsin, lists Chandler and George as among the men who left for the goldfields in 1850. Mineral Point was a lead mining area mined primarily by Cornish miners, and there was a general exodus to the California gold fields. Grass Valley, four miles from Rough and Ready, was settled by Cornish miners from Mineral Point, Wisconsin and later by Cornish miners from Cornwall, England. Many descendants of these Cornish miners still live in Grass Valley. It is logical to believe that Chandler and George, having learned of the wealth their son-in-law/brother-in-law obtained in Rough and Ready, either went with Peter on his 1850 trip or followed him there with another party of Cornish miners. However, when Peter returned to Rough and Ready, he found the place over run with other miners who had discovered the area.

Peter must have gone north to the placer gold fields in Trinity County in early1851, because he returned to Wisconsin in late 1851, and then brought his wife, Almira Heath Van Matre and two young sons to Trinity County where they lived the rest of their lives. It is also possible that Chandler and George went with Peter to Trinity County in late 1850 or early 1851 and possibly even returned to Mineral Point/Waldwick with him later in 1851. We will never know for sure. Chandler’s obituary states that he made four trips to California; this biography documents two
trips.

Chandler’s wife Lydia Wyman Heath and their daughter Betsey Martin were living together in Waldwick according to the 1850 census. Neither Chandler nor George was in the household.

RETURN TO WISCONSIN:

Chandler returned to Wisconsin from the gold fields by Dec 17, 1851 when he bought 40 acres of land in Waldwick for $71. He sold this land to son Kimble in Feb. 1855 for $100. He was in Mineral Point/Waldwick on March 31, 1855 when he filed his application for a bounty land grant for war of 1812 service as mentioned above.

In the 1860 Federal Census enumerated on June 9 in Waldwick, Chandler is listed as age 65, wife Lydia, age 67 and son Seth age 22. He is a farmer with $1,500 value of real estate and $250 value of personal estate. He is listed as born in Maine; Lydia and Seth are listed as born in NH.

Between 1851 and 1870 Chandler and Lydia had many joint land transactions in Waldwick. In addition Lydia bought and sold land both on her own. She bought 40 acres for $100 on October 3, 1851 which she sold in Sept.1855 to her son James for $150. She also bought 40 acres in 1854. She sold some land on Mar 6, 1861 to her sons James and Seth Heath for $100 “in return for the right of possession of the premises during her natural life”. Together Chandler and Lydia sold land to their daughter Harriet’s husband Benjamin Leavitt, to their granddaughter Emma Martin Zollinger and her husband, to son Seth, and to their daughter Laura Ann’s husband Franklin Dake. Lydia is last named in a joint land sale dated Jan 7, 1871 to John Pile, a man who has not yet been identified as related to the family.

Chandler must have been a rather poor man when Lydia died in 1871. He undoubtedly did not have the resources to care for her during her illness. On June 27, 1870, sons James and Seth signed an agreement to care for Lydia as a member of their household, to "fully and entirely support her and furnish her with all the necessaries of life both as to food and raiment, medicine and medical attendance..." in consideration of the land she sold them Mar 6, 1861.

In the 1870 Federal Census enumerated on July 7 in Waldwick, Lydia was living with son James, his wife and 6 children plus his wife's two parents; however in the July 9 enumeration, Lydia is listed as living with Chandler. Chandler is listed as age 73 without occupation with real estate valued at $400 and personal estate valued at $400 and born in NH.

One land transaction also suggests Chandler’s financial status. On Aug 6, 1870 Chandler bought land for $2400 with a several year mortgage with the stipulation "to hold the premises as the tenant of suffrance" of the seller, and that if he” fails to make payments as agreed upon that this agreement shall become void” and he Chandler will forfeit all payments made. The same day he sold half of that land to his daughter Laura Ann Dake and husband for a $1,200 mortgage. On Jan. 20, 1872, less than a year after Lydia’s death, Chandler forfeited on his mortgage.

According to family records quoting her gravestone inscription, Lydia died in Waldwick on March 20, 1871 and is buried in the same plot as her sister Abigail Wyman Stevens in County Line Cemetery, Waldwick, Iowa Co. WI. When I visited County Line Cemetery in Waldwick, Lydia’s stone was broken and her inscription has been lost. Abigail’s inscription is barely readable.

Between 1870 and Jan. 20, 1872 Chandler and Lydia sold all their land. Some of their land was in Lydia’s name only.

BACK TO CALIFORNIA AND OTHER CROSS COUNTRY TRAVELS:

Sometime in the 1870’s Chandler traveled to Minersville, Trinity County, California to visit his daughter, Almira Heath Van Matre, according to a history of the Van Matre family, titled Trinity 1961 Yearbook, published by Trinity County Historical Society, Weaverville CA. Almira’s grandchildren note that “Grandma Van” “was long lived like her father [Chandler Graham Heath] who had come to live with her in the 70s. Her father lived to be 96 years old (sic) and reportedly could read without glasses when he was well past ninety. Several of Grandma’s children lived to well past ninety.”

It should be noted that four of Chandler’s grandsons, George Armstrong Martin Jr., (son of Betsey Heath Martin), John Kelly, (son of Mary Brackett Heath Kelly) John Wesley Heath, (son of Kimble Eastman Heath), and a Leavitt (son of Harriet Heath Leavitt) moved together to gold fields and settled in Shasta and Trinity counties California in the 1870s, according to John Wesley Heath’s living grand daughter, Evelyn Heath Grant, age 86 in 2005. The California Heath family oral history does not indicate that Chandler came with his grandsons. He must have traveled separately, possibly with his daughter, Harriet Heath Leavitt. [Note that Kimble’s name is spelled Kimble in Wisconsin records and also by his California descendants and it is spelled Kimball in New England records.]

After Lydia died, Chandler moved around a lot. He is listed on June 8, 1880 in the Lewiston Precinct, Trinity Co CA census as white male, age 86, widower, occupation "at home", Self born in NH; both parents born in NH. His daughter, Harriet Leavitt age 53 is listed immediately before Chandler in this census. By Sept 20, 1880 Chandler was living in Conway, NH where he made application for a bounty land grant for service in US Navy. Evelyn Heath Grant showed me an original letter from Chandler’s son, Kimble Eastman Heath sent from Chester MN to his son John Wesley Heath in Trinity Co CA dated Feb 24, 1884. In it Kimble writes: "Got a letter from my brother Chandler (Chandler Jr.) in NH stating that Father (Chandler Graham Heath) was coming out here next fall." On June 13, 1887 Chandler signed another petition for a War of 1812 pension, this time as a resident of Mineral Point, WI. And in December 1887 Chandler returned to Fryeburg ME from Wisconsin, according to a notation in the Gordon Diary on file at Fryeburg Historical Society.

CHANDLER’S LAST DAYS IN CONWAY NH:

On Dec 14, 1887 Chandler executed his will, #2423, in Conway, NH. It was signed with his mark. The text reads: "First I give and bequeath to each of my sons, Seth Heath and Kimball E. Heath and unto each of my daughters Almira Van Mater, Laura Ann Dake, Betsy Beecher, Mary Kelly and Harriet Leavitt the sum of one dollar. Second, I give and bequeath unto the legal representatives of my deceased son James Heath the sum of one dollar to be equally divided among them. Third, I give, devise and bequeath unto my son Chandler G. Heath all the rest, residue and remainder of my estate, both real, personal and mixed, wherever found and however situated to have and to hold the same to him and his heirs forever. Fourth I constitute and appoint my said son, Chandler G. Heath, sole executor of this my last will and testament."

Chandler Graham Heath died on 2 Feb 1888 at the home of his son, Chandler Graham Heath Jr. in Conway, NH. His will was proved on July 3, 1888. Mildred Heath, the oldest living Heath descendant in Conway NH, took me to that property in Fall 2001. The original barn was still standing. Mildred kindly gave me a photocopy of the house which was used as a post office until around 1901 when it burned. She also gave me a treasured photo copy of the original newspaper article of Chandler’s obituary, including his picture, which was published in the Oxford County Register, Fryeburg ME on Feb 11, 1888.

Chandler is buried in Green Hill Cemetery in East Conway, NH with many members of the Heath and Hill families. The cemetery is just down the road from the old Chandler Heath farm.

CHANDLER GRAHAM HEATH and LYDIA C. (WYMAN) HEATH’s
LAND, CENSUS AND SELECTED OTHER RECORDS
By Betty Gillespie Pollack
Copyright August 2005
Permission to reproduce with credit granted


Maine and New Hampshire:

First a note about land transactions: Maine was part of Massachusetts before it became a state. Fryeburg ME and the area of Conway NH where the Heaths lived are geographically very close. A road crosses the ME/NH state line several times in the area where they lived. NH land deeds up to 1840 are located in Dover; deeds after 1840 are located in Ossipee.

Oct 3, 1818: Chandler Heath of Conway NH bought from Josiah Batchelder of Boston approximately 100 acres of land for $240 in Lowell, Oxford Co MA and crossing the NH state line. (Oxford County Register of Deeds, Fryeburg, ME Book 7, p. 453). This would be Batchelder’s Grant, which was in Mass and NH at that time. This is the first record I found of Chandler buying land. However, there may be one earlier record in Book 5 since the pages I asked the registrar to copy for that book must have been incorrect.

May 21, 1819: Benjamin Heath of Batchelder’s Grant (Chandler’s father) sold a described lot of land in Conway NH to Chandler for $200. (Book 130, p. 393 Dover NH Register of Deeds)

Dec 17, 1819: Chandler Heath of Batchelder’s Grant, County of Oxford and Commonwealth of Mass sold land to David Webster for $150. (Book 114, p. 419 Dover NH Register of Deeds) This is the first record of a land transaction in which Chandler SOLD land.

1820 Federal Census: Oxford County, Fryeburg ME. 1 male age 18-26 (Chandler 1795), one female age 16-18 (Lydia 1785) plus "one foreigner, not naturalized"

May 28, 1825: Chandler G. Heath of Batchelder’s Grant, Oxford Co., ME (Maine by this date) sold 50 acres of his Batchelder’s Grant land to his brother, John W. Heath of Conway, Strafford Co., NH for $150. (Book 10, p 511, Oxford Co ME Register of Deeds, Fryeburg ME,) A year later on June 17, 1826, John sold 50 acres of that land to his brother Oliver (Book 11, p. 336). And on April 17, 1828 Oliver sold 15 acres of this land to Chandler for $75. (Book 12, p. 320).

Oct 5, 1827: Chandler G. Heath of Batchelders Grant and John Leavitt of Chatham sold land for $250 to Judah Dana of Fryeburg. (Book 1133, pp 245-6 Dover NH Register of Deeds)

1830 Federal Census: Oxford Co., Fryeburg ME. Batchelders Grant. 4 males: 1 age 30-40 Chandler; 2 under age 5 (Chandler Jr and one other) one age 5-10 Kimble; 5 females: 1 age 30-40 Lydia; 2 under age 5 (Harriet, Almira); 1 age 10-15 (Mary); one age 15-20 (who?)

June 13, 1831: Chandler and Lidea (Lydia) of Batchelder’s Grant sold $100 acres of land in Batchelder’s Grant to John Brickett for $300. (Book 14, p. 160 Fryeburg ME Register of Deeds)

Jan 7, 1833: Chandler Heath and John Heath of Conway purchased land in Chatham NH for $40 from Amory et al of Boston (heirs of someone who died). (Book 163, p. 559 Dover NH Register of Deeds)

May 8, 1834: There are two transactions on this date. Chandler Heath and John Heath of Conway bought land in Chatham NH for $40 from the estate of deceased Jonathan Armory of Boston . The lots are described. (Book 163, p. 559, Dover, NH Register of Deeds). Also on May 8, 1834: Chandler sold land in Conway to John W. Heath of Conway for $200. Lydia not named. (Book 163, p 562 Register of Deeds, Dover NH)

Mar 29, 1837: Oliver Hill sold land in Conway NH to "Chandler G. Heath of Conway in the County of Strafford and state of New Hampshire Yeoman" for $150. (Book 176, p 447, Dover NH Register of Deeds)

Dec 9, 1837: Chandler G Heath Yeoman of Conway... sold land in Conway to Jacob Lewis for $250. (Book 179, p 205, Dover NH Register of Deeds)

Feb 10, 1840: Chandler G. Heath and Oliver Hill of Conway sold land in Conway to Henry D.E. Hutchins of Fryeburg for $150. (Book 187, p. 51. Dover NH Register of Deeds)

July 3, 1840: George K. Sparhawk of Conway quitclaimed land Conway "numbered 52" for $50 to Chandler G Heath and Joseph Heath both of Conway. (Book 187, p 113, Dover NH Register of Deeds)

23 July 1840: Chandler and Joseph Heath bought land in Conway. Book 187, p. 113-4. (Strafford Co Register of Deeds, Dover NH)

April 15: 1844 (date signed) May 18, 1846 (date received by county recorder): Chandler G. Heath of Conway sold land in Conway for $8 to John W. Heath, described as the same land he purchased on Jan 13, 1832. This land included “part of the burying ground in Green Hill”. (Book 9, p 233, Ossipee NH Register of Deeds).

Oct 12, 1844: Chandler G. Heath and Lydia C. Heath of Conway, Carroll County NH sold land in Chatham "numbered 52" to Joseph Heath. (Book 6, p 473, Ossipee NH Register of Deeds) This appears to be the same land he bought on July 3, 1840 from George Sparhawk. This was probably their home and coincided with their move to Wisconsin. Joseph was Benjamin Jr.’s son.

(Later land transactions beginning in 1850 cite "Chandler Heath" with no "G". They are undoubtedly Chandler's son.)

Wisconsin

Between 1840-1845: Chandler is named in Iowa Town Heritage Vol 1, Extracts from History of Iowa County History of Iowa County, p 846, as among the settlers who located in Waldwick. The name listed after his is Geo A. Martin. Note that there are no land transactions involving Lydia or Chandler Heath in Wisconsin between 1835 and 1846. They must have lived on the land Lydia's uncle bought for her for some time before the deed was executed.

1846 Iowa County Wisconsin Territorial Census: Chandler G. Heath is listed on page 76 with 3 males (himself, James and Seth) and 5 females (Lydia, Almira, Betsey, Laura Ann and one other) in his household. This is the first record of him in WI. George A. Martin, single, is listed two names further down the list.

Dec 9, 1846; (recorded Oct 10, 1851) Abiel Chandler, a single, unmarried man, of Boston (Lydia's uncle) sold 160 acres to Lydia for $1 cash. E 1/2 of SW 1/4 Sect 9, T4N, R4E (80 acres); and SW 1/4 of SW 1/4 of Sect 9, T4N, R4E (40 acres); and SE 1/4 of NW 1/4 of Sect 9 T4N, R4E (40 acres). (Deed Book Q, p. 387) [This is the land the Gillespie family history describes as the wedding gift to Lydia from her uncle, the philanthropist and the reason why Chandler and Lydia moved to Wisconsin from NH.] Abiel Chandler received 3 BLM General Land Office grants in Iowa/Lafayette Co. WI, 40 acres in 1842 in Sect 17, T4N, R4E; 40 acres in 1848 in Sect 9 T4N, R4E which matches 40 acres of the land he gave to Lydia for $1, and 80 acres in 1848 in Sect 8, T 4N, R4E according to GLO BLM records available at http://searches.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/wisconsin/wisconsin.pl

1850 Census: Waldwick WI. Betsey and their two babies Charles and Emma are living with Chandler's wife, Lydia. Chandler and Betsey's husband George A. Martin are in the CA goldfields. Chandler is listed in History of Iowa Co WI and Iowa Town Heritage as among the emigrants to California in 1849.

California

I searched all notice of mining claims, misc. records and deed records from 1851 (the earliest records available) to the 1880s in both Shasta and Trinity county recorders offices in Redding and Weaverville CA and all indexes for all records held at the Trinity County Historical Society/Jake Jackson Museum in Weaverville and found none for either Chandler or George Armstrong Martin Sr. Also neither Chandler nor George is listed in the1850 California federal census or the 1852 California state census.

Return To Wisconsin

Dec 17, 1851--Feb 9, 1855: Chandler bought SW 1/4 of SE 1/4 Sect 9 T4, R4E, 40 acres from Cornelius Dumfed for $71. (Deed Book 5, p. 174-175) Chandler and Lydia sold this land to son Kimble for $100 on 9 Feb 1855. (Deed Book X, p. 181)

Oct 3, 1851--Sept 19, 1855: Lydia C. Heath bought NE 1/4 of NE 1/4, Sect 7, T4, R4E 40 acres for $100 from John Van Meter (Deed Book Q, p. 379) On 19 Sept 1855 she sold this land to son James for $150. (Deed Book V, pp. 419-420) [Note: Chandler's daughter, Almira, married Peter Van Meter]

Feb 11, 1854: Lydia C. Heath sold SE 1/4 of NW 1/4 of Sect 9, T4N, R4E containing 40 acres to Calvin Mathews for $120. (Deed Book T, p. 396-397)

March 31, 1855: Chandler was in Mineral Point, Iowa Co., WI where he made application for a bounty land grant for war of 1812 service.

1860 Federal Census: Enumerated June 9: Chandler, age 65, wife Lydia, age 67 and son Seth age 22 were living in Waldwick. He was a farmer with $1,500 value of real estate and $250 value of personal estate. He is listed as born in Maine; Lydia and Seth born in NH.

Mar 6, 1861: Lydia C. Heath sold E 1/2 of SW 1/4 of SW 1/4 of Sect 9, T4, R4E to sons James and Seth Heath for $100 in return for the right of possession of the premises during her natural life. (Deed Book 4, p. 556) On April 9, 1867 James and Jane Heath quit claimed their part of this land to Seth for $1. (Deed Book 16, p. 221-222)

Mar 21, 1866: Chandler bought SE 1/4 of Sect 6, T4N R4E from William Fetchburg for $2300 cash. (Deed Book 13, p. 295) He sold this land in 1867 to son Seth, Daughter Harriet's husband Benjamin Leavitt, in 1868 and 1870 to his grand daughter, Emma Martin Zollinger's husband Napoleon, and in 1871 to John Pile. See below.

Jan 1, 1867: Chandler and Lydia sold SW 1/4 of SE 1/4 of Sect 6, T4N R4E to son Seth Heath containing 40 acres for $500 cash. (Deed Book 17, P. 563) This is part of the land Chandler bought on Mar 21, 1866.

Apr 6, 1867: C.G. Heath sold NW 1/4 of SE 1/4 of Sect 6, T4N R4E and a road to Benjamin Leavitt [husband of daughter Harriet] for $630 with a mortgage. (Deed Book 18, PP 158-159) This is part of the land he bought on Mar 21, 1866.

Apr 6, 1868: Chandler G. Heath sold N 1/2 of SE 1/4 of SE 1/4 and NE 1/4 of SE 1.4 of sect 6, T4N R4E except for 1 1/2 acres and a right of way to "Napoleon G. B. Zollinger and Emma Zollinger (formerly Emma Martin)" [Betsey’s daughter; Chandler’s grand daughter] for $940 with a mortgage. (Deed Book 18, pp 443-444) This is part of the land Chandler bought on Mar. 21, 1866.

June 27, 1870: James and Seth Heath signed an agreement to care for Lydia as a member of their household, to "fully and entirely support her and furnish her with all the necessaries of life both as to food and raiment, medicine and medical attendance..." in consideration of the land she sold them Mar 6, 1861. (Deed Book 22, p 118)

1870 Federal Census: Curious: Enumerated July 7--Lydia was living with son James, his wife and 6 children plus his wife's two parents in Waldwick; however in the July 9 enumeration, Lydia is listed as living with Chandler in Waldwick. (Perhaps she was visiting James when the census taker visited, or maybe she was staying there due to illness--she died about 8 months after the census.) Chandler is listed as age 73 without occupation with real estate valued at $400 and personal estate valued at $400 and born in NH.

Aug 6, 1870: Chandler bought N 1/2 of NE 1/4 of Sect 12, T4N, R3E and except one acre (defined) from John Noble for $2,400 mortgage over several years, and "to hold the premises as the tenant of suffrance" of the seller and that if he fails to make payments as agreed upon that this agreement shall become void and Chandler will forfeit all payments made. (Deed Book 22, pp. 224-226) On Jan 20, 1872 Chandler forfeited this land. See below.

Aug 6, 1870: Chandler sold part of the above land (N 1/2 of N1/2 of NE 1/4 Sect 12, T4N, R3E) to Franklin Dake [husband of his daughter Laura Ann] for $1200 mortgage. (Deed Book 22, pp. 226-228)

Nov 16, 1870: Chandler and Lydia sold S 1/2 of NW 1/4 of SE 1/4, the S 1/2 of NE 1/4 of SE 1/4 and the N 1/2 of SE 1/4 of SE 1/4 of Sect 6, T4N R4E containing 60 acres to Napoleon G. B. Zollinger [grand daughter Emma Martin's husband] for $944 cash. (Deed Book 23, p. 245)

Jan 7, 1871: Chandler and Lydia sold S 1/2 of SE 1/4 of SE 1/4 of Sect 6, T4N, R4E containing 20 acres to John Pile for $300 cash. (Deed Book 23, p. 321)

March 20, 1871: Lydia died.

Jan 20, 1872: In consideration of being released from making the within payments, Chandler released John Noble from any and all liability or obligation to convey the said land to him. See Vol. 22, pp 224. (Deed Book 26, p. 47-48)

Return To California

Sometime in the 1870s Chandler went to Minersville, Trinity County CA to live with his daughter Almira Heath Van Matre according to a biography written by her grand children. (Trinity 1961 Yearbook, published by Trinity County Historical Society, Weaverville CA)

1880: According to his Bounty Land application, Chandler lived in Minersville, Trinity Co., CA.

8 June, 1880: Lewiston Precinct, Trinity Co CA census: Chandler G. Heath listed as white male, age 86, widower, occupation "at home", Self born in NH; both parents born in NH. (ED 150; P 9, Sup Dist 3) Note that his daughter, Harriet Leavitt age 53 is listed immediately before Chandler in this census. Also his grandson George A Martin Jr. [Betsey’s son] is listed in Lewiston in 1900 census.

Return to NH, then Midwest, then finally to Fryeburg/Conway

20 Sept 1880: Chandler was in Conway, NH where he made application for a bounty land grant for service in US Navy.

24 Feb 1884: Evelyn Heath Grant has the original of a letter Kimble Heath sent from Chester MN to his son John Wesley Heath in Trinity Co CA dated Feb 24, 1884. In it he says: "Got a letter from my brother Chandler (Chandler Jr.) in NH stating that Father (Chandler Graham Heath) was coming out here next fall." I have a photocopy of that letter.

13 June 1887: Chandler signed another petition for a War of 1812 pension, this time as a resident of Mineral Point, WI.

Dec 1887: Chandler returned to Fryeburg ME from Wisconsin, according to a notation in the Gordon diary on file at Fryeburg Historical Society, and on Dec 14, 1887: Will #2423. Chandler executed his will in Conway, NH.

Feb 2, 1888: Chandler died at Chandler's on Green Hill, NH 3 1/2 miles from Fryeburg ME.