NamePaul Fitzsimons EVE M.D.41,478,311,313,56,519,314
Birth27 Jun 1806, Augusta, Richmond County, Georgia, USA (Forest Hall)478,295
Death3 Nov 1877, Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee, USA478 Age: 71
BurialAugusta, Richmond County, Georgia, USA478
Christen27 Nov 1808, Augusta, Richmond County, Georgia, USA56 Age: 2
OccupationPhysician
EducationB.A. University Of Georgia 1826 M.D. University Of Pennsylvania 1828
ReligionPresbyterian
FatherCapt. Oswell EVE Jr. (1754-1829)
MotherAphra Ann PRITCHARD (ca1765-1821)
Misc. Notes
He was the youngest son and a Physician and Surgeon. He graduated from Franklin College, Athens, Georgia (later the University of Georgia) in 1826 and the Medical College of the University of Pennsylvania in 1828. In November 1829 he sailed from Charleston to Liverpool. He worked in the clinics of the most famous surgeons of Europe. While in Paris he volunteered as a surgeon for the French revolutionists, then later volunteered for Poland in the Russian-Polish war, and won the Golden Cross of Honor. Returning to Augusta, Georgia in January 1832, he had his office and residence on Green, one door east of McIntosh. 520 He was elected as the first Professor of the Principles and Practice of Surgery at the new (founded in 1832 at the corner of Telfair and Washington) Medical College of Georgia 311(where he stayed from 1832 to 1850. His first cousin, Joseph A. Eve, M.D. served as Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Infants at the same time). In 1840 he is 30-40 years old and lives with his wife who is 20-30 years of age and one male child 5-10 years of age in Augusta. 519Later he was Professor of Surgery at the University of Louisville from 1850 to 1853, the University of Nashville from 1853 to 1868, the Missouri Medical College from 1868 to 1870, and the University of Nashville from 1870 to 1876. During the Civil War of 1861 to 1865 he was Surgeon General of Tennessee, and after the fall of Nashville, he was the Commander and Surgeon of the Gate City Hospital (a second rate hotel of 32 rooms) of Atlanta from 1862 to 1864. In 1866 he was at the Medical College in Nashville, Tennessee. 478 For many years he stood in the front rank of his profession. In 1857 he was elected the 10th President of the American Medical Association.478 He died several years before Jane Ringland Eve.41

DR. PAUL FITZSIMONS EVE: Born at "Forest Hall", Augusta, Georgia on 27 June 1806; he died at Nashville, Tennessee in November 1877. Dr. Paul FitzSimons Eve was the fourteenth of the fifteen children of Captain Oswell Eve and Aphra Ann Pritchard, and a first cousin of Dr. Joseph Adams Eve, professor of obstetrics in the Georgia Medical College, Augusta. Industrious and a natural leader, Paul FitzSimons Eve was graduated at Franklin college (University of Georgia) in 1826, and from the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania in 1828. He was in Europe from 1828 to 1831, and besides hospital practice in Paris and London served as ambulance surgeon in the French revolution of 1830, and as regimental surgeon in the insurrectionary war in Poland the same year. Through the intercession of the Marquis de Lafayette, among others, he was accepted. He received the highest award allowed to be bestowed by the Polish government. He was elected professor of surgery in the Medical College of Georgia at its organization in 1832, in Augusta, and served until 1849. He succeeded Professor S. D. Gross to the chair of surgery at the University of Louisville in 1849, and in 1850 became Professor of Surgery in the newly established University of Nashville. He removed to St. Louis, Missouri, in 1868, to accept the Chair of Surgery in the University of Missouri, but was obliged to resign for climatic causes. He filled the Chair of Operative and Clinical Surgery at the University of Nashville until 1877, when he became Professor of Surgery in the Nashville Medical College. He was made Surgeon-General of the Confederate Army in 1861, and served on the medical examination board and with the Army in the battles of Shiloh and Columbus, and at Atlanta and Augusta. His reputation as a surgeon was world-wide, and he introduced methods never before known to surgical science in America. He was President of the American Medical Association in 1857 and of the Tennessee State Medical Society in 1870. He edited the Southern Medical and Surgical Journal and the Nashville Medical and Surgical Journal. Among his six hundred articles published in book form, pamphlets or in medical journals, are: Remarkable Cases in Surgery (1857); One Hundred Cases of Lithotomy in the Transactions of the American Medical Association for 1870; What the South and West have done for American Surgery; and reports of twenty amputations and thirteen resections at the hip-joint performed by Confederate surgeons, contributed to the Medical History of the War. He died in Nashville, Tennessee on 3 November 1877, and was interred in The Cottage Cemetery next to his first wife, Louisa Twiggs. His second wife, Sarah Ann Duncan, subsequently had their remains removed to Augusta's city cemetery, along with their monuments in Cottage Cemetery, which were then re-erected over their graves adjacent to her own. [Part of the above is taken from a biographical extract from The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans: Volume IV .]

Dr. Paul F. Eve (1806-1877), was born in Augusta, Georgia and was trained in the Medical School of Pennsylvania in 1828, and then trained to be a surgeon in London and Paris. In 1832, he was elected Professor of Surgery in the Medical College of Georgia, newly organized in Augusta, and taught there for 17 years. In 1851, Eve became Professor of Surgery at the University of Nashville.
"Eve was appointed Surgeon General of a provisional Army of Tennessee. He worked in Nashville hospitals, treating casualties, until Forts Henry and Donelson fell in February of 1862. He fled Nashville on 16 February taking his surgical instruments with him. Six days later he was Commander and Surgeon of the Gate-City Hospital in Atlanta. This hospital was located in a second-rate hotel of 32 rooms and was constantly overcrowded with patients. In spite of difficult conditions, Eve was able to treat and return to duty a high percentage of casualties."
http://www.mc.vanderbilt.edu/biolib/hc/biopages/peve.html
Shelley, Harry S. "The Military Career and Some Urological Works of Paul F. Eve, M.D.," Journal of the Tennessee Medical Association, volume 70, no.4, April, 1977.

"Paul FitzSimons Eve
Paul FitzSimons Eve was born on 27 June 1806 in Georgia. He died on 3 November 1877 in Tennessee. His father was Oswell Eve Jr (3)
He married twice
• Louisa Twiggs. She married on 16 December 1832 in Richmond County, Georgia. She died on 10 April 1851.
• Sarah Ann Duncan - He married Sarah on "Tuesday morning, 13 January 1853 in Barnwell District", by the Rev. H. D. Duncan who was the father of the bride.
He had the following children.
First Marriage
• George Twiggs Eve (19) - He was born on 3 April 1835. He married Jennie Sutherland on 6 May 1869. Jennie Sutherland was born on 2 March 1844. She died on 16 May 1924.
• Anna Louise Eve - she was born about 1838. She married Colonel W. K. Stevenson.. They had three children, Paul Eve Stevenson, Maxwell Stevenson and a daughter who married James Kernighan.
Second Marriage
• Dr Duncan Eve (20) - He was born in 1853 and died in 1957. He married Alice Horton on 1 Nov 1876.
• Paul F. Eve (21) - born in 1857, he married Jennie W. Brown. They married on 15 Apr 1884.
• Sarah Eve - born about 1860. She married Edward Drane
Background
The genealogy of Louisa Twiggs is well documented in the TWIGGS family bible of John and Anna Ball of Virginia. - see extract below
John and Anna Ball had four children; three daughters and one son. 1. Ann married Job Williams on 28 January 1668; she had a daughter who was born on 12 May 1672 and baptized on 25 June 1672, "Ann." 2. Eunice married Thomas Twiggs on 1 June 1670. Their son George, was born on 2 April 1672 and baptized on 2 April 1672. Eunice Twiggs died at early candle light on 2 April 1672 and was buried 4 April 1672. On 9 March 1728, George Twiggs married Ann Williams (Eunice's boy married Ann's daughter). The other children of John and Ann Ball were 3. John , and 4. Dorothy. The above records were furnished by Eugenia Williams..
George L. Twiggs, the son of John Twiggs and Ruth Emanuel, married Sarah Low. The Will of George L. Twiggs is in Augusta, Ga.
George L. Twiggs' daughter, Sarah Louisa Twiggs, born 12 May 1815 and died 10 April 1851; she married Paul FitzSimons Eve on 20 December 1832. Paul F. Eve was born on 27 June 1806 and died on 3 November 1877.
Paul FitzSimons Eve was a surgeon. A biographical extract from the The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans: Volume IV is reproduced below:
EVE, Paul FitzSimons, Surgeon, was born in Richmond County, Georgia on 27 June 1806; the son of Oswell and Aphra Ann Eve; and a cousin of Dr. Joseph Adams Eve, professor of obstetrics in the Georgia Medical College, Augusta. Paul was graduated at Franklin college (University of Georgia) in 1826, and from the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania in 1828. He was in Europe from 1828 to 1831, and besides hospital practice in Paris and London served as an ambulance surgeon in the French revolution of 1830, and as regimental surgeon in the insurrectionary war in Poland the same year. He was elected Professor of Surgery in the Medical College of Georgia at its organization in 1832, in Augusta, and served until 1849. He succeeded Professor S. D. Gross to the Chair of Surgery in the University of Louisville in 1849, and in 1850 became Professor of Surgery in the newly established University of Nashville. He removed to St. Louis, Missouri in 1868 to accept the Chair of Surgery in the University of Missouri, but was obliged to resign for climatic causes. He filled the Chair of Operative and Clinical Surgery in the University of Nashville until 1877, when he became Professor of Surgery in the Nashville Medical College. He was made Surgeon-General of the Confederate Army in 1861, and served on the medical examination board and with the Army in the battles of Shiloh and Columbus, and at Atlanta and Augusta. His reputation as a surgeon was world-wide, and he introduced methods never before known to surgical science in America. He was President of the American Medical Association in 1857 and of the Tennessee State Medical Society in 1870. He edited the Southern Medical and Surgical Journal and the Nashville Medical and Surgical Journal. Among his six hundred articles published in book form, pamphlets or in medical journals, are: Remarkable Cases in Surgery (1857); One Hundred Cases of Lithotomy in the Transactions of the American medical association for 1870; What the South and West have done for American Surgery; and reports of twenty amputations and thirteen resections at the hip-joint performed by Confederate surgeons, contributed to the Medical History of the War. He died in Nashville, Tennessee on 3 November 1877.
References to Paul F Eve's military career are reproduced below;
TENNESSEE IN THE WAR BETWEEN THE STATES�CONFEDERATE ADMINISTRATION OF ISHAM G. HARRIS - It will be remembered that the Legislature passed an act empowering the governor to place the state on a war footing. Under the provisions of that act the following named military officers of the Army of Tennessee were appointed: Gideon J. Pillow and Samuel R. Anderson, major-generals; Felix K. Zollicoffer, Benjamin F. Cheatham, Robert C. Foster, (III), John L. T. Sneed, and William R. Caswell, brigadier-generals. The staff of officers were: Daniel S. Donelson, adjutant-general; V. K. Stephenson, quartermaster-general; R. G. Fain, commissary-general; William Williams, paymaster-general; Paul F. Eve, surgeon-general; W. H. Carroll, inspector-general; James D. Porter, W. C. Whitthorne, Hiram S. Bradford, and D. M. Key, assistant adjutant-generals. Later many other officers were appointed. A military and financial board was also appointed consisting of Neill S. Brown, James E. Bailey, and W. G. Harding.
Other references include
• Eve, Paul FitzSimons US surgeon; performed 1st known hysterectomy in US.
• Eve, Paul F., (S) p. 197 Southern Historical Society Papers - Army proceedings of the Medical Board of the Provisional Army of Tennessee
In it's manuscript collection the Tennessee State Library and Archives hold the papers of Paul F Eve. They include letters and a biographical note.
For his help during wars in Poland in 1830, the Polish Government erected a statue to Paul Eve in Georgia. A photograph of the Paul F Eve Monument Frankie's Confederate Monuments Web site Paul F Eve appears in the following Census records
• Georgia Census 1840 - EVE PAUL F. Richmond County GA 280 398th District 3rd Ward Federal Population Schedule GA 1840 Federal Census Index GAS4a854586 & GAS4a854587
• Tennessee Census 1860 - EVE PAUL F. Davidson County TN 254 5 W. Nashville Slave schedule & Federal Population Schedule TN 1860 Slave Schedule TN16710947 & TNS5a548184/5
His wife is also recorded in the 1860 census.
Extract from the 1840 census
Free White
• Males - 1 male aged 5 to 10 years. 1 male aged 30 to 50 years.
• Females - 2 females aged 5 to 10 years. 1 female aged 20 to 30 years.
Slaves
• Males - 1 male aged 10 to 24 years.
• Females - 2 females aged 10 to 24 years" 295

by a lady 80 years of age
Mrs. Emma Eve Smith (1798 - 1882)
copied by Mrs. Mary E. Miller Eve 1907
transcribed by Patricia E. Kruger 1994

"Paul FitzSimons was the last son. Our baby brother of whom we were very proud. He possessed great energy of character and studied hard as a boy. He soon rose to positions of importance wherever he went. He studied medicine in Philadelphia and Paris.
While in the latter place, the Polish war was in progress and he volunteered to go as a surgeon. Through the influence of Lafayette and others, he was accepted and while there was promoted each week. He came home with the star of the "Legion of Honor", on his breast. He was just twenty-three at this time. Soon after his return home, he married a young lady from the country. Miss Louisa Twiggs whose loveliness of person and disposition made her a charming friend and companion. She had several children, but raised only two. Anna Lou and George. He and his wife often visited Paris together for her health, but with no good results for she died when very young.
Not very long after, brother married again. The handsome Miss Duncan was his choice. They moved away from Augusta and for many years lived in Tennessee where he has been at the head of medical colleges in different cities. He had by his second marriage three children.
To him was given the honor of delivering an address, at the Centennial on the subject of Surgery, 1876. He and I are the only two remaining in this world of our large family of fifteen and on him I have concentrated the love I once shared with all. He tenderly writes to me very often and visits me when he can. He resides in Nashville.
Two months ago, I was very anxious about my dear brother and had written to enquire after his health, when I received a card in his own hand saying "I am well. Thank God, quite well". I put this card under my pillow and slept sweetly at the thought that he was well but at daylight I was wakened with the tidings that a messenger had been sent for me to attend his funeral at the Cottage. Yes, this last cup of bitterness had been held out to me and I must drink it.
I came, I looked on his noble face, asleep in death and his busy useful hands folded over his loving heart. We laid him beside his wife and children and I turned away a stricken, lonely sinner the last of fifteen children. "Even so Father" I bow before thee in the dust. I will not think of myself, but of his joy as he now stands in the presence of his savior surrounded by his dear ones.
At his death, he was buried in the Cottage Graveyard, but some years later Mrs. Eve had him and Louisa (his first wife) removed to the City Cemetery. The tall handsome monuments were placed over them again. Now she lies on the other side of him in an unmarked grave." 314
Spouses
Birth12 May 1815478,295
Death10 Apr 1851478 Age: 35
BurialAugusta, Richmond County, Georgia, USA478
FatherGeorge L. TWIGGS (->1815)
MotherSarah LOW (->1815)
Misc. Notes
She was Paul Eve’s first wife, 314and the mother of Mrs. Stevenson. She was called "Cousin Louisa” by Jane Ringland Eve.41 They had several children, but raised only two. She was from Richmond County, Georgia.
Family ID1473
Marriage20 Dec 1832, Augusta, Richmond County, Georgia, USA
ChildrenGeorge Twiggs (1835-1897)
 Anna Louisa (ca1838-?)
Birth1818, South Carolina, USA478
Death29 Jun 1897478 Age: 79
BurialAugusta, Richmond County, Georgia, USA
ReligionBaptist478
Misc. Notes
She was Paul Eve’s second wife and they had three children. 314
Family ID1502
Marriage13 Jan 1853, Barnwell District, South Carolina, USA
ChildrenDuncan (1853-1957)
 Paul Fitzsimons (1857->1889)
 Sarah "Sallie” (ca1860->1900)
Last Modified 25 Jan 2007Created 28 Dec 2007 using Reunion for Macintosh