Philip English (4 Jul 1651 - 1736)
migration: Isle of Jersey - Salem, Massachusetts
PHILIP ENGLISH, shipping, merchant, import/export
Philip English was one of the foremost fishing and shipping merchants of seventeenth century Salem, Massachusetts. He was born on the Isle of Jersey, and immigrated to Salem sometime before 1670 and set himself up as a general merchant, outfitter of fishing voyages and exporter of local produce to Spain, France, Ireland, Maryland, Virginia, Jersey and the West Indies. As early as 1680, he was already one of the wealthier merchants in town, and, by 1692, he was said to own a wharf and warehouse, fourteen buildings in Salem, and twenty-one seagoing vessels. English was one of the first merchants in Massachusetts to specialize in outfitting voyages to the offshore banks, and most of his vessels, chiefly two-masted ketches, divided their year between this branch of the fishery and the export trade to Europe and the West Indies. Although originally a mariner himself and one of the very few local merchants who actually dwelt on the waterfront amongst the seamen he employed, English maintained a relationship with the maritime community that was stormy at best. He was a frequent litigant before the courts, mostly suing his customers for debt; and when the witchcraft hysteria erupted in 1692, he had to flee the colony for a year to escape prosecution himself.

Married in 1675 Philip English to Mary Holingworth, daughter of tavern owner William Holingworth and his wife, Elinor Story Holingworth. In 1692 both Mary and Philip were accused and imprisoned during the Salem witchcraft trials. Aided by ministers and government officials, they escaped to New York-where they remained for two years. After returning to Salem in 1694, Mary died at the age of forty-two.

Philip English was a character well-known in early Salem annals, and was among those who suffered from John Hathorne`s magisterial harshness. He maintained in consequence a lasting feud with the old Puritan official. But at his death English left daughters, one of whom is said to have married the son of Justice John Hathorne, whom English had declared he would never forgive. John Hathorne (as the name was then spelled), the great-grandfather of Nathaniel Hawthorne, was a magistrate at Salem in the latter part of the seventeenth century, and officiated at the famous trials for witchcraft held there.
taken partially from Biographical sketch prepared by Dr. Danny Vickers, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

note: There is much written about Philip & Mary Holingworth English. They are believed to be grandparents to Nathaniel Hawthorne.

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