Kelly's Directory of Monmouthshire,1901
The proprietors trust that the present Edition of Kelly's Directory of Monmouthshire may be found at least equal in accuracy to the previous ones. Every place in Monmouthshire, and every parish will again be found to be included in the book. The Letters M.O.O. and S.B. are abbreviations adopted by H.M. Post Office to represent Money Order Office and Savings Bank.


MYNYDDYSLWYN is a very large parish, 2 miles from Abercarn station on the Western Valleys section of the Great Western railway, 8 west from Pontypool and 10 north-west-by-west from Newport, in the Southern division of the county, hundred of Wentloog petty sessional division of Bedwellty, union and county court district of Newport, rural deanery of Bedwellty, archdeaconry of Monmouth and diocese of Llandaff. The civil parish is divided into the hamlets of Clwr-plwyf, Penmaen and Mynyddmaen and includes the villages of Cwm Carn, Penmain, Gellygroes, Newbridge, Pontllanffraith, Ynysddu and Fleur-de-lis. There are two railway stations in this parish, one belonging to the Great Western Railway Company and the other to the London and North Western Railway Company, and forming together the Tredegar junction.

The church of St. Tewdwr is a spacious building of stone in the Early English style, consisting of chancel, nave, aisles, south porch and an embattled western tower containing 3 bells: in the church is a memorial to the Rev. John Griffiths J.P. vicar here 1860-99 : the church was rebuilt A.D. 1820, and has 550 sittings. The register dates from the year 1664. The living is a vicarage, net yearly value 287, with residence, in the gift of the Bishop of Llandaff, and held since 1899 by the Rev. William Rhys Compton-Davies, L.Th., of St. David's College, Lampeter, who resides at Abercarn. Here is a Welsh Congregational chapel.

Here are extensive coal mines and iron works and stone quarries: the stone is of good quality, suitable for docks or other heavy masonry purposes. Near the church, on an eminence, is a tumulus. The trustees of the late Lady Llanover, who are lords of the manor, Lord Tredegar, John Arthur Edward Herbert esq. and John Capel Hanbury esq. of Pontypool Park, are the principal landowners. The soil is gravel; subsoil, stone . The country is very hilly and mountainous, the scenery very grand. The valley and the lower grounds are watered by the rivers Ebbw and Sirhowy. The land is nearly all laid down as pasture. The area is 5,I25 acres; rateable value, 11,121 ; the population in 1891 was 2,981 in the civil parish and 10,065 in the ecclesiastical parish.

Letters through Newport, arrive at 8.30 a.m. Abercarn is the nearest money order & telegraph office, 2 miles distant.

A School Board of 9 members was formed 30 March, 187I, for the parish; C. R. Lyne, Westgate chambers, Newport, clerk to the board; James Charles Badge, Newbridge; Williain Henry Coslett, Pontllanfraith; Job Beale, Cwmcarn, attendance officers.

Railway Station: Tredegar Junction:- Great Western, George Reeves, station master London & North Western, William Griffiths, station master

CWMCARN is a hamlet of this parish, about threequarters of a mile south from the Abercam railway station on the Western Valleys section of the Great Western railway. The iron church of St. John the Evangelist, erected in 1889, affords 250 sittings. There is also a Calvinistic Methodist chapel.

Post & M. O. O., S. B. & Annuity & Insurance Office, Ambrose Edwards, sub-postmaster. Letters arrive from Newport at 5.30 & 9 a.m. & 4.5 p.m. & dispatched at 7.50 p.m. The nearest telegraph office is at Abercarn, 1 mile distant

Board School, erected in 1891 at a cost of 1,200 & enlarged in 1893 at a cost of 1,200, for 460 children; average attendance, 320; Oliver Sutton, master; Miss Lydia Dix, mistress

GELLYGROES is a hamlet in the parish of Mynyddyslwyn, near the Tredegar Junction, 13 miles northwest from Newport. Here is a Calvinistic Methodist chapel.

Letters through Newport arrive at 8 a.m. Pontlanffraith is the nearest money order & Blackwood, the nearest telegraph office. Wall Letter Box cleared at10.15 a.m. & 6.50 p.m. week days only.

YNYSDDU is a hamlet of this parish, having a station on the Sirhowy section, London and North Western railway, 10 miles north-west from Newport. Here are Baptist and Calvinistic and Primitive Methodist chapels.

Post Office.- John Hughes, sub-postmaster. Letters received through Newport at 8.55 a.m.; dispatched, 6.30 p.m. week days only. Postal orders are issued here, but not paid. Pontllanfraith is the nearest money order & Blackwood the nearest telegraph office

Board School, erected in 1877, at a cost of 1,500, & errlatged in 1899, for 167 children; average attendance, 101; Thomas Harries Phillips, master; Miss Susanna Evans, assistant mistress

Railway Station, James Williams, station master

PENMAIN, NEWBRIDGE and PONTLLANFRAITH have been formed into the ecclesiastical parish of Penmain and will be found under that heading.
ABERCARN, formerly part of this parish, has a separate entry in this directory.
FLEUR-DE-LIS is an ecclesiastical parish formed from Mynyddyslwyn and will be found in its alphabetical order.


Davies Mrs. Naomi, Pentre house

Anthony Lemuel, farmer, Tywaen
Boocott James, saddler, Bryn
Bowditch Thomas, farmer, Twyn Simon
Bush Maria (Mrs.), Three Horse Shoes P.H., Pentwyn Mawr
Davies Daniel, farmer
Davies Mary Jane (Mrs.), Naylor's Arms P.H
Hicks Edward, Blacksmiths' Arms P.H.
Hughes John, farmer, Rhyswg
Islwyn Colliery Co.(Edmund Thomas, proprietor)
Jenkins Evan, Crown P.H. Bryn
Jones Daniel, farmer, Cefn-Carllwynisaf
Jones Sarah (Mrs.), shopkeeper, Bryn
Jones Thomas, plasterer, Bryn
Lewis Howell, farmer, Gelly farm
Lewis John, farmer, Caerllwyn ganol
Lewis John, quarry owner
Lewis Richard, farmer, Penyfan
Matthews Mary (Mrs.), farmer, Tirhowell fechan
Morgan Mary Eliza(Miss), shopkeeper
Parker Edward T. colliery proprietor
Phillips Daniel, farmer, Pentrepeod
Phillips Wm., farmer, Cefn-y-Carllwyn
Powell John, farmer, Gwrhay fawr
Prothero Henry, farmer, Caerllwy Mawr
Rees Henry, farmer, Pentre
Richards Benj., farmer, Synnony gwaed
Richards John, Church inn, & farmer
Richards Sarah (Mrs.), beer retailer, Tredegar junction
Richards Wm. farmer, Clawrplwyf
Thomas Ann (Mrs.), farmer
Thomas Edmund, colliery proprietor, Islwvn Collierv Co.
Williams Daniel Thomas, shopkeeper & farmer
Williams Thos. farmer, Penrhiw franc
Williams William, farmer,Penpeterhoel


Griffiths Edward Meredith M.D. Abercarn Fach
Nurse George Harris, Twyn carn house
Sweet Mrs. Park view

Amos Thomas, butcher & grocer
Ayers David, bootmaker
Beale Job, school attendance officer
Rennet Henry, baker
Bevan Charles, ironmonger
Carter Henry, tea agent
Collins William, shopkeeper
Cwmcarn Reading & Recreation Rooms (William Davies, librarian)
Dart Edwin John, collector to Abercarn urban district council
Edwards Ambrose, grocer & post office
Edwards Edward, beer retailer
Edwards Isaac, shopkeeper
Evans Evan, draper
Foxon Walter, hairdresser & picture frame maker
Griffiths Edward Meredith M.D. & C.M., physician & surgeon & certifying factory surgeon, Abercarn Fach
Grubb John, shopkeeper
Hiley Bros. grocers
Howells William, butcher
Humphreys Alice Maud (Mrs.), draper
Humphreys Thomas, tobacconist
Hunt Henry, bootmaker
James Benjamin, grocer
John Noah, farmer, Gnock
Jones A. & Co. grocers & drapers
Kimber John, painter & decorator
Knight & Sons, butchers
Matthews Samuel. greengrocer
Miles Joseph, stationer
Payne Jane (Miss), greengrocer
Pritchard Oliver, Cwmcarn hotel
Rees David (Mrs.), butcher
Sheen Thomas, shopkeeper
Snook Mary (Mrs.), fried fish dealer
Strong Robert, mining engineer
Symonds Sarah (Mrs.), shopkeeper
Taylor & Son, cycle factory
Taylor & Sons, tailors
Waring John, shopkeeper
Williams Hubert, boot dealer
Worthington John, butcher


Edwards Frederick, farmer, Tyle Gwyn
Jones Geo. Benj., farmer, Tyle Gwyn
Moore Henry Charles, miller (water), & shopkeeper
Morgan Rees, farmer & blacksmith, Ty-Mawr
Morris Jas. farmer, Brynyskawen
Pope Arthur, Halfway House P.H .
Richards, Lewis, farmer, Penquarra
Richards William, farmer


Thomas-Davies George, F.P.S., A.I.E.E. Tylacrwyth
Edwards Elizabeth (Miss), farmer, Penrhiwarwydd
George William farmer
Howell Daniel, farmer, Greemneadow
Hughes John, grocer & Post office
Jenkins Daniel, farmer, Tyllwydd
Jones Thomas, colliery owner
Lewis Lewis, farmer, Pantyffynor
Matthews William, Black Prince P.H.
Thomas-Davies George, F.P.S., A.I.E.E., electrical engineer, Tylacrwth
Williams William, beer retailer