The Woolcott Sailing on the Mary and John ~ 1630



The Wolcott Sailing On The
Mary and John
1630




Henry Hudson's "Half Moon"
The "Mary and John" would have been similar
to this Mayflower~type ship




In the year 1630 one of my ancestors, Henry Wolcott,
emigrated from England to America.
Here is the story of his passage.


Notes taken from:
"The Mary and John II ~ Tour to England 1988"
The Mary and John Genealogy Video Series, Volume 2
Presented by the Mary and John Clearing House




Prior to Henry Wolcott's trip, the pilgrims sailed to America in the Mayflower in 1620 and planted a colony at Plymouth. Ten years later it was still small and isolated.

In 1625, Charles I became King of England. He was very unpopular and was beheaded nineteen years later.

By 1630, so many English had become discontented with Charles' monarchy that it led to the "Great Migration" of that year with many families leaving England to make their way to the freedom for their religious beliefs that they hoped to find in America.

The first group to leave that year sailed in ten ships that made up the Winthrop fleet under the command of Gov. John Winthrop. These ten ships carried one thousand men, women, and children plus their cattle and provisions.

Then on March 20, three weeks after the Winthrop fleet sailed, the Mary and John, a Mayflower-type ship under the command of Captain Squib, sailed from Plymouth in Devon to what is today Boston Harbor. The 400 ton ship carried 140 passengers, their livestock, and 75 tons of provisions. They made landfall on May 30.

The Mary and John was twice the tonnage of the Mayflower. The top deck carried livestock, the ship's galley, and the captain's and crew's quarters. The second deck carried the passengers fitted into its space of 25 by 60 feet, barely 10 square feet per person. The hold carried a minimum of rock ballast and the provisions. Interestingly, the ship had no steering wheel. Instead, it used a rudder, and the captain called out directions from the top deck to the helmsman in the bottom aft of the ship.

The man who recruited passengers for both the Winthrop fleet and the Mary and John was the Rev. John White, pastor of the Holy Trinity and St. Peter's churches in Dorchester. He concealed the passengers' Puritan connections for their own protection. Rev. White also helped form the Massachusetts Bay Company, having never traveled himself to America.


Click For Large Map


Most of the Mary and John passengers came from the areas of Dorcet, Somerset, and Devon in the southeast of England. Many came from the cities of Dorcetshire, Bridport, Exeter and Crewkerne. As they arrived in Dorcetshire, they were housed in the new hospital, an alms house and spent their last day there fasting and praying. The next day, March 20, they set sail for America.

The ship's contract with Captain Squib specified that he enter the harbor at the mouth of the Charles River and carry the passengers up the river before landing, but the captain was unfamiliar with the rock- and island-strewn inlet and landed the party far away from the harbor. He was brought up on charges when he returned to England, but the outcome is unknown.

The passengers made their way to their destination by land, eventually spreading out to settle in Dorcet, Massachusetts and Windsor, Connecticut. Some 150 years later, their descendents began a new migration to the plains of America and on to the west.



Gaulden Manor

Gaulden Manor (pronounced "Golden"), thought to be the ancestral home of Henry Wolcott, lies between Fitzhead and Tolland in England. In truth, the Wolcotts never lived in the manor house. Since the Wolcotts purchased the property, the Selleck family has always lived there.

The church at Tolland is said to be Henry's church, even though he was baptized and married at Lydiard, St. Lawrence. Henry's cousin John, who died in 1618, is buried at Tolland. There is a window in the church in memory of Henry and his wife Elizabeth who, leaving Tolland in 1630, became the founders of the Wolcott family in America. The window design includes a bishop's mitre and the names "Bath" and "Wells" which remind me of an earlier ancestor, not of this line, named John Still who was bishop of Bath and Wells in the 1500's. There is also a donor plaque which states:

"In loving memory of Henry Wolcott,
donor of this window"
Oct. 26, 1855 ~ July 21, 1938

Church membership at Tolland is now too small to support maintenance of the building, but the American Wolcott cousins have been raising money to keep it open.

The mother of Elizabeth Saunders, Henry's wife, was Anne Blake of the Blakes of Overstory (sp?), Somerset. Her second cousin was Admiral Robert Blake. During Oliver Cromwell's time, at the same time the Wolcotts were coming to America, Admiral Blake was known as the "Father of the British Navy."



Henry Wolcott's Lineage




Henry Wolcott of Gaulden Manor, second son of Sir John, was baptized at Lydiard, St. Lawrence, the adjoining parish, 6th December, 1578, and married, 10th January, 1606, Elizabeth Saunders, daughter of Thomas Saunders of Lydiard, St. Lawrence, born 1589.

Upon the decease of his elder brother, Henry inherited his estates, including Goldon Manor and the Mill. Possessing a handsome income and established social position, his picturesque home, built for defense as well as for a residence, with rooms adorned by fine wood carvings there seemed every reason that Henry Wolcott should enjoy the gifts of fortune, but these were days that tried men's souls.

Impelled by religious motives, Henry Wolcott and his entire family, with the exception of his oldest son, came to New England and were among those that made the memorable march from Massachusetts Bay to the Connecticut River in 1635/6, and were among the founders of Windsor. Connecticut.

Here he assumed a position of influence and was a member of the Lower House in the First General Assembly held in Connecticut, 1637, and an Assistant to the Governor, 1643-1655, and he became the progenitor of one of the most distinguished families in America.

Henry Wolcott died at Windsor, 30th May, 1655, and his wife, Elizabeth, 5th July, 1655.

Children of Henry Wolcott and Elizabeth Saunders:
  • John, bapt. 1 Oct 1607, Lydiard, St. Lawrence; was living in England in 1631 and aparently never emigrated to America; dsp., probably before date of father's will in 1655.
  • Mary
  • Anna, died young
  • Henry, b. 21 Jan 1610; md. 18 Nov 1641, Windsor, Hartford, Ct.,Sarah Newberry.
  • George, md. 1649, Windsor, Hartford, Ct., Elizabeth Treat.
  • Christopher, d. 7 Sep 1662.
  • Anne, b. 1620, England; d. between Sep 1700-May 1701; md. 16 Oct 1646, Matthew Griswold.
  • Mary, b. abt 1622, Tolland, England; d. 16 sept 1689, Windsor, Ct.; md. 25 Jun 1646, Windsor Hartford, Ct., Job Drake (Sgt.).
  • Simon, B. 11 Sep 1624, England; d. 11 sep 1687, windsor, Ct; md. 1st, 19 Mar 1657, Windsor, Hartford, Ct., Johannah Cook, and 2nd, 17 Oct 1661, Windsor, Hartford, Ct., Martha Pitkin




Bibliography


Margaret P. Hillhouse, HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL COLLECTIONS RELATING TO THE DESCENDANTS OF REV. JAMES HILLHOUSE, New York, Tobias A. Wright, Printer and Publisher, 1924, p. 49, 50.

Robert C. Griffen and Mitchell Alegre, WOLCOTT GENEALOGY, published by the Society of Descendants of Henry Wolcott, 1986 p. 0-59. (Heart of the Lakes Publishing, Interlaken, New York.]

William F. J. Boardman, The Ancestry of William Francis Joseph Boardman, Hartford, CT, 1906, pp. 308-312.

Coat of arms from a small plate/ashtray made by Brent (Wolcott) Roehrs for her father, Robert Wilson Wolcott.



Founders of the Town of Windsor, Connecticut


This information found at:
The Connecticut State Library

The following is a list of the Founders of the town of Windsor, amended and approved by the Descendants of the Founders of Ancient Windsor, Inc. as of June 1996. For membership information, please contact the Society directly at: PO Box 39, Windsor, CT 06095-0039.


George Abbot, Benedictus Alford, Samuel Allen, Matthew Allyn, Thomas Barber, John Bartlett, Margaret (Barret) (Huntington) Stoughton, Thomas Bascomb, Thomas Bassett, John Benett, Richard Birge, Capt. John Bissell, Elder John Branker, Jonathan Brewster, Thomas Buckland, William Buell, Joshua Carter, George Chappel, Daniel Clarke, Dea. Henry Clarke, Joseph Clarke, Capt. Aaron Cooke, Thomas Cooper, Nicholas Denslow, Thomas Dewey, Thomas Dibble, John Dumbleton, John Drake, John Dyer, John Eels, Bygod Eggleston, William Filley, Thomas Ford, Henry Foulkes, Lt. Walter Fyler, Dea. William Gaylord, Francis Gibbs, William Gilbert, Jeremiah Gillett, Joathan Gillett, Nathan Gillett, Matthew Grant, Thomas Gridley, Edward Griswold, Matthew Griswold, Thomas Gunn, William Hannum, John Hawkes, Anthony Hawkins, William Hayden, Gov. John Haynes, William Hill, John Hillier, Thomas Holcombe, Lt. William Holmes, Mary Holt, Elder William Hosford, John Hoskins, Simon Hoyte, Samuel Hubbard, Rev. Ephraim Huit, William Hulbert, George Hull, John Hurd, Humphrey Hydes, Joseph Loomis, Roger Ludlow, Henry Lush, Thomas Marshfield, Ann Marshall, Thomas Marshall, Major John Mason, Mary (Merwin) (Tinker) Collins, Miles Merwin, Simon Mills, Thomas Moore, Thomas Newberry, Thomas Newell, Richard Oldage, Thomas Orton, John Osborn, Sgt. Nicholas Palmer, Thomas Parsons, Elias Parkman, Edward Pattison, George Phelps, William Phelps, George Phillips, Humphrey Pinney, Eltweed Pomeroy, Samuel Pond, John Porter, Edward Preston, Matthew Rainend, Philip Randall, Jasper Rawlins, John Reeves, John Rockwell, Dea. William Rockwell, Dr. Bray Rossiter, John St. Nicholas, Robert Saltonstall, Richard Samos, Matthias Sension (St. John), Nicholas Sension, Richard Sexton, Sgt. Thomas Staires, Aaron Starke, Francis Stiles, Henry Stiles, John Stiles, Thomas Stiles, Ens. Thomas Stoughton, George Stuckey, John Talcott, John Taylor, Stephen Terry, Thomas Thornton, William Thrall, John Tilley, Peter Tilton, Michael Try, Frances (Unknown) (Clark) (Dewey) (Phelps), Richard Vore, Rev. John Warham, Richard Weller, Richard Whitehead, Arthur Williams, John Williams, Roger Williams, Lt. David Wilton, Robert Winchell, Elder John Witchfield, Henry Wolcott, John Young

Henry's decendents, my family's cousins, include three governors of Connecticut, one of which signed the Declaration of Independence. And then there's me!




Monarchs of Great Britain Beginning in 1603


House of Stuart:
James I (1603-25)
Charles I (1625-49) ~ This was the period when many Puritans left England for America to escape Charles I's religious tyranny. Our ancestor, Henry Wolcott, and his family sailed to America on the little ship "Mary and John" in 1630. King Charles was ultimately beheaded for treason by the Parliament which was headed up by Oliver Cromwell.

The Commonwealth:
Oliver Cromwell (1649-58) ~ (You can rent the video of the movie, "Cromwell." )
Richard Cromwell (1658-59)

House of Stuart, Restored:
Charles II (1660-85)
James II (1685-88)

House of Orange and Stuart:
William III, Mary II (1689-1702)

House of Stuart:
Anne (1702-14)

House of Brunswick, Hanover Line:
George I (1714-27)
George II (1727-60)
George III (1760-1820) ~ Time of the American Revolution and independence from England. George III was the "Melted Majesty"
George IV (1820-30)
William IV (1830-37)
Victoria (1837-1901) ~ The American Civil War was during this time. In America people were beginning to settle the North-central and the North-western territories. The California gold- rush was on.

House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha:
Edward VII (1901-10) ~ The Titanic was being built in Ireland during this time and would sink in 1912 on her maiden voyage.

House of Windsor:
George V (1910-36) ~ WWI was during this time and my grandmother died of the great influenza pandemic (pan = world-wide, demic = epidemic) in 1918, when my mother was just four months old. Penicillin hadn't been invented yet and people who got sick with the influenza died of pneumonia and other complications.
Edward VIII (1936) ~ Hitler was on the rise and Europe was building toward WWII during this time.
George VI (1936-52) ~ I was born in 1943, at the end of WWII.
Elizabeth II (1952-present)




The Story of Litchfield's Melted Majesty, Litchfield, Connecticut
http://members.esslink.com/~channy/Litchmelted.html
Carol Hanny, webmaster



"In the summer of 1776, occurred the event, so dear to local tradition, when the leaden statue of George the third, torn from its gilded glory on Bowling Green, was brought to Litchfield and turned into rebel bullets by a few of the women and young people of the town. This was done, it is supposed, at the instance of Oliver Wolcott, who had just returned to Connecticut from Philadelphia, and was always keenly alive to the needs of the army. Among his papers was found the following account of the cartridges made on this occasion.

"Mrs. Marvin, 3456 cartridges. Mrs. Marvin, on former account, 2602 Ruth Marvin on former account, 6204 Not sent to court house 449 packs, 5388 Laura, on former account, 4250 Not sent to court house 344 packs, 4128 Mary Ann, on former account, 5762 Not sent to the court house 119 packs, out of which I let Colonel Perley Howe have 3 packs, 5028 Frederick, on former account, 708 Not sent to court house, 19 packs, 228 Mrs. Beach's two accounts, 2002 Made by sundry persons, 2182 Gave Litchfield militia, on alarm, 50 Let the regiment of Col. Wigglesworth have, 300 Cartridges, No. 42,288 Overcharged in Mrs. Beach's account, 200 (total) 42,088."

Woodruff, p. 47, says of this, "the late Hon. Judge Wolcott, .... was a boy at the time, informed me a few years ago that he well remembered the circumstance of the statue being sent there, and that a shed was erected for the occasion in an apple orchard adjoining the house, where his father chopped it up with a wood axe, and the ‘girls' had a frolic in running the bullets and making them up into cartridges..."

"The estimation in which lead was held in those days may be imagined from the fact that the above account of cartridges is filed carefully among returns of troops, accounts of requisitions upon the states, and issues of bills of credit." (From "The History of the Town of Litchfield, Connecticut, 1720-1920" by Alain C. White, 1920, p. 79)

"Oliver Wolcott, Sr., is best remembered for his role in a Litchfield historical episode which makes a very popular act in commemorative pageants. He was present and assumed custody of the remains when a mob of patriots in New York City pulled down a gilded lead statue of King George III. He caused this presumed work of art (minus the head, which loyalists rescued) to be transported by ox cart to the apple orchard behind his house in Litchfield. There he vigorously wielded an axe to dismember the carcass and engaged his children in what one of them described as the ‘frolic' of melting down the metal and casting it into bullets. With the aid of three ladies of the neighborhood, daughters Laura (age 15) and Mariann (age 11) and son Frederick (age 9) manufactured a total of 42,088 rounds (Laura 8,378, Mariann 10,790, Frederick 936) which the General duly turned over to the almost empty military supply depot, ‘melted majesty,' people said, to be poured right back into the king's men." (From "The Berkshire-Litchfield Legacy" by Willard A. Hanna, 1984.)

"The Oliver Wolcott House....In the orchard to the rear, the leaden statue of King George III, torn down from Bowling Green in New York in 1776 and brought to Litchfield in a cart, was melted into bullets." (From "The Connecticut Guide-What to See and Where To Find It." Published by Emergency Relief Commission, 1935.)

"Connecticut, with her practical turn of mind, made the equestrian statue of King George, in New York, useful to rebels against his authority. On the 11th of July, seven days after the declaration of the Continental Congress, this statue of gilded lead was visited by the Sons of Liberty, rudely toppled over, and hurried away the wondering Tories knew not whither. But any well-known patriot who visited the shed half hidden in the apple-orchard of Gen. Wolcott, in Litchfield, would have found his son Frederick chopping up the royal image with a hatchet into suitable lumps; and before the glowing coals in the huge kitchen fire-place, wife and daughter, with neighboring matrons and maids, fusing the lumps into bullets with many a shrug and jest. It was so fitting that the hirelings of the kind should have ‘melted majesty' fired at them." (From "The Military and Civil History of Connecticut during the War of 1861-65" by W. A. Crofut and John M. Morris. Published by Ledyard Bill, 1868.)

Henry Wolcott and his family sailed to America on the "Mary and John" in 1630. Their children were: John, Mary Anna, Henry, George, Christopher, Anne, Mary, Simon. Roger Wolcott, grandson of Henry Wolcott who came to America on the Mary and John, was the governor of Connecticut 1750-54. His home town was Windsor. Roger Wolcott's great-grandson, Oliver Wolcott, a Federalist from the town of Litchfield, was the governor of Connecticut during 1796-97. He was also a Signer of the Declaration of Independence. Roger Wolcott's great-great-grandson, Oliver Wolcott Jr., a Jeffersonian Republican from the town of Litchfield, was the governor of Connecticut during 1817-27.


Our ancestors would have been cousins to Oliver Wolcott. Here is the lineage for our line:

WOLCOTT, Henry b. 1578 who married SAUNDERS, Elizabeth b. 1584.
They had: WOLCOTT, Simon b. 9/11/1624 in England who married PITKIN, Martha (2nd wife) b. 1639
They had: WOLCOTT, Joanna b. 1668 who married COLTON, John b. 1659
They had: COLTON, Martha b. 1693 who married HITCHCOCK, Luke b. 1692
They had: HITCHCOCK, Luke (Deacon) b. 1723 who married MERRICK, Lucy b. 1723
They had: HITCHCOCK, Chauncy b. 1763 who married CHANDLER, Hepzibah b. 1771
They had: HITCHCOCK, John Chandler b. 1803 who married WADSWORTH, Arvilla b. 1804 (cousin by marriage of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow)
They had: HITCHCOCK, Clarissa b. 4/29/1843 who married WILHELM, Joseph b. 6/18/1829
They had: WILHELM, Evangeline Anna b. 11/11/1857 who married RUSSELL, James A b. 3/17/1844
They had: RUSSELL, Robert Lee b. 4/11/1880 who married TAYLOR, Ada Icena b. 8/30/1887
They had: RUSSELL, Marian Marguerette b. 3/22/1918 who married KOSKA, Clement Francis b. 6/29/1922
They had: KOSKA, Barbara Jean b. 2/20/43 who married TIMM, Richard Rudolph b. 1/06/43


Backgrounds Courtesy of "Backgrounds By Marie"


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