The Jung Family of Engwiller
This website presents a family tree of the Jung family of the town of Engwiller, Bas-Rhin (Alsace) based on my research of the Protestant church baptismal, marriage, and death records, restricted to the period roughly 1670 (when the church records begin) to 1792 (the dissolution of church record-keeping following the French Revolution).
This research came about from my own need to sort out the various Jung family lines in the course of tracing my ancestor, Johann Georg Jung, and I present it here in hopes that it will be of interest and use to other researchers. The Jung family became extremely numerous in the village of Engwiller, and the repetitive use of the same few given names within the family resulted in several contemporary family members of the same name at each generation.
Unlike the Durrenberger family (for which I have a sister website here), I am no longer actively researching the Jung descendants. However, if you have done original research on any descendants of this family and would like to add it to the tree here, I would be more than happy to include it. (This includes both Jungs that left Engwiller during the period 1670-1792 and post-1792 descendants of the family, whether they remained in Alsace or emigrated.) Any corrections to the information presented here would also be greatly appreciated.
Nicknames in this Family
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The name "Jung" (meaning young) is no doubt one of the most common German surnames, and was adopted independently by countless families in the German-speaking world during the late Middle Ages. As a result, not everyone in the world with the surname Jung is closely related. Fortunately, the Engwiller church records capture the adoption of the surname by this particular Jung family, all of whose members are probably descended from one man. As such, the Jungs of Engwiller do not appear to be related to the Jungs of the nearby town of Gundershoffen.
The patriarch of this Jung family was one Diebolts Peter, Schultheiss of Engwiller, probably born about 1615. Diebolts Peter does not seem to have adopted a surname himself, and his name is a patronymic that can probably be interpreted as "Peter, son of Diebolt." The Thirty Years War had most likely depopulated Engwiller to the point where there was only one Diebolt living there. Supporting this theory, a man called only "Diebolt von Engweiler" is recorded as a baptismal sponsor in the nearby town of Offwiller in May 1632, and this man may well have been Diebolts Peter's father.
Diebolts Peter's three sons (two are known sons, and the third a presumed son) all adopted the surname Jung, which they all used by the time of their first appearances in the church records and passed on to their descendants. Diebolts Peter's death does not seem to have been recorded in the Engwiller church book, but his wife Margaretha (maiden name, if any, unknown) died a widow on 27 Apr 1700 at age 84.
The marriage of Diebolt Jung, the presumed son of Diebolts Peter, predates the earliest Engwiller records, so the evidence linking him to Diebolts Peter is circumstantial. The marriages of two other sons and a daughter are recorded:
Note that neither Diebolts Peter nor his daughter Apollonia are associated with the surname Jung; it was only used by sons Hanss and Peter (and by inference, Diebolt). One possible theory on the origin of the surname is that it was initially adopted by the son Peter, who in absence of a surname would have been called "Peters Peter" or more likely, "Peter der jung" to distinguish him from his father. We can only speculate.
All the later Jungs of Engwiller descend from Diebolts Peter's sons Diebolt Jung and Johannes (Hanss) Jung. Another son, Peter Jung, had at least eight children, but they all died in childhood. Diebolt's and Hanss' sons remained in Engwiller, married and had their own children. Soon there were several Jungs of the same name living at the same time, and different schemes were adopted at different times to try to distinguish them from one another.
One method of distinction is social standing and occupation. Several lines of descent gained relatively high social standing in the village, becoming Gerichtshoffe (members of the court) or Stabhalter (staff-holders). In addition, later records indicate the occupations of the townsmen, and the Jung family numbered farmers, weavers, and coopers among its members.
Finally and most notably, members were distinguished using terms describing relative ages of contemporaries, such as "der junger" "der alter" and "der mittler". Initially, there was a time when there were three Johannes Jungs in town: Johannes Jung the son of Diebolts Peter would probably have been "der alter" although he is never explicitly called so; his son Johannes Jung (Nov 1682 - Mar 1746) was called "der junger"; and his nephew, Johannes Jung (Feb 1682 - Jan 1735) the son of Diebolt Jung, was called "der mittler" meaning "the middle one". Confusingly, the term "der mittler" seems to have become hereditary, as all three of Johannes Jung der mittler's sons (Johann Peter, Johann Georg, and Johannes) used this title as well. Finally, one's relative position in age often changes as the oldest in town die and younger generations are born.
The passing of titles in selected male family members (i.e., only those who reached adulthood and had children) can be summarized as below, considering Diebolts Peter to have been the first generation. For this chart, I have uniquely associated each person with a number, and the father of each person is given in parentheses. Descendants of Diebolt Jung 1 are shown in blue, and descendants of his brother Johannes Jung "der alter" in green.
* Prior to 1748, Johann Jacob Jung 13 was called "der junger" to distinguish him from Jacob 7 and Jacob 3, both of whom died in 1748. After 1748, Jacob 13 was called "der alter" to distinguish him from the younger generation of Jacobs, particularly his own son (Jacob 20).
† Became Gerichtshoffe.
‡ Became Stabhalter.
I won't try to disentangle the relative relationships of the rest. Furthermore, not every case makes sense.
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This site was last updated June 17, 2005
Jun 17. Initial site posting. Near-complete information from the Protestant church records of Engwiller, Alsace (cir 1675-1792).
Last updated: June 17, 2005