Angus McLeod II And Eliza Ann Arrants (later Boykin)

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Angus and Nancy McCutchen MacLeod

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Walking with Ghosts..........

a website for the descendants of Angus and Nancy McCutchen MacLeod~~

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Angus McLeod II And Eliza Ann Arrants (later Boykin)
son of Alexander and Sarah McIntosh MacLeod
grandson of Angus and Nancy McCutchen MacLeod

This page is the intellectual property of the web site owner. It may not be re-published on any website, genealogical database, or any other media without the express permission of same. Visitors are welcome to copy this for use in their own records, however, please remember to give credit where credit is due and to use the following sourcing information: !Source: Lori McLeod Wilke; "Walking with ghosts", Research 2000 - 2009


First Generation American
Extinct Line - line died with the death of their only son Sergt. William McLeod in 1862

Angus McLeod was the youngest son of Alexander (I) and Sarah McIntosh McLeod and the grandson of Angus and Nancy McCutchen MacLeod. His grandparents and his parents were natives of Scotland. The family left Scotland shortly after the birth of his father in approximately 1783 and after a short stay in Ireland (or on the Island?), sailed into an unknown port in Virginia. They then traveled into North Carolina where they settled on what current research indicates was the border of Robeson and Richmond Counties (probably today's Scotland County area) arriving in that state around 1790, apparently after the taking of that years census. This arrival date is confirmed by the census records of 3 of his aunts and one of his uncles all of whom state their place of birth was North Carolina. Will of Alexander McLeod Will Book K page 147 Volume 2; E - D, accessed by Lori McLeod Wilke and David Jay Wilke June 2003 at the Camden Courthouse, Kershaw County, South Carolina, USA/Census Records of Richmond County North Carolina, Census Records of Sumter and Kershaw Counties of South Carolina, Census Records of Macon, Pike and Bullock, Alabama Census research done by Lori McLeod Wilke using Ancestry.com's Census Images on line 2003-2007


Inheritance

Angus McLeod was born after the taking of the 1820 Census and before January 15th 1824 (the date on which his father wrote his will) on the Horsepen Branch tributory of the Beaver Dam Branch in Kershaw District. His father had purchased the land in November of 1812 from Micajah Woodward, whose wife had inherited it as her portion of her father or possibly grandfather, Issiac Lenore's, estate. This deed was witnessed by a John McKay who may have migrated with Angus' parents from North Carolina and who would later marry Angus' Aunt Mary, known as Polly to the family. Census Year 1820, Census Place, Kershaw South Carolina, Head of Household Alexander McLeod/Will of Alexander McLeod Will Book K page 147 Volume 2; E - D, accessed by Lori McLeod Wilke and David Jay Wilke June 2003 at the Camden Courthouse, Kershaw County, South Carolina, USA/Deeds and Conveyances, Kershaw District, South Carolina; Dated November 17 1812, Recorded May 25 1814.

He was one of five children all of whom were still minors when their father died between January 15th and March 6th 1824, the date he wrote his will and the date it was first probated in the Kershaw Court. Although their mother, Sarah McIntosh McLeod was alive at the time of Alexander I's death, the estate was administered by their Uncle, Daniel McLeod, the husband of Catherine McLean and their Uncle Norman(d) McLeod.

Angus' age at the death of his father is unknown, however, Alexander referred to him as an infant, The extent of Angus' inheritance from the estate of his father is not clear. The Will is written in a very confusing way,and the estate file does not give much information to clear up the confusion. This is most likely due to the fact that the estate was managed by his uncle Daniel for eleven years, until the eldest of the children reached majority or until the death of their mother.

His father's will, which spells the last name both "MacLeod" and "McLeod", states that he bequeths to his "beloved wife Sarah McLeod all my plantation or tract of land" and at her remarriage his youngest son Angus "if he should survive" would inherit the land. What is confusing is that although this appears that Alexander has left his entire estate to his wife and/or his youngest son, the next paragraph reads "I give and bequeath to my beloved Sons John and Alexander McLeod the said tract of land equal divided between them...and all real and personal Estate equally divided amongst my beloved children that is to say John McLeod Alexander McLeod and Katherine McLeod and Jean McLeod when they come of age." but then in the same paragraph goes on to say that " also Angus McLeod if he should come of age then he should have the property above assigned him and if not then the said property to the use of Sd. children".

I had hoped that accessing and reading the actual records of the probate of the estate would make the division of property more clear, but unfortunately, it did not. The children's uncle Daniel McLeod executed the estate from the years 1824 - 1835, a period of eleven years. By 1835, the four oldest children, Alexander E., John N., Catherine and Jane had all "come of age" and likely would have come into their portion of the inheritance at that time, but the estate file does not specify what took place after the last appearance in the court of their uncle on February 20 1835.

It is of course possible that their mother, Sarah McIntosh McLeod died on or around February 20th 1835 as she is not found in the 1840 Kershaw or Sumter Counties of South Carolina at which point her estate would likely have begun probate as well, but no record has been found to date that would indicate this took place. If in fact, her estate was probated then her intent for division would have been followed as she was basically the sole heir of Alexander's estate until her death or remarriage.

In any event, it does appear from later land records of the children that the land was divided amongst the children at some point and in fact that there was more land than that indicated in the only deed of purchase to date. In later years, Alexander's children have deeds in which they sell property located on either the Horsepen Branch or the Beaverdam Branch.

Childhood Years
1824 -1835

Evidence exists that a Mill was located on the Horsepen Branch property where Angus grew up. Records indicate that as many as four McLeod Mills were operating in the area surrounding where his home was located and the homes of his grandparents and aunts and uncles. However, despite the evidence that the Horsepen Branch of his father contained a mill at one time, the dates of its placement and operation are not certain.

An 1878 Map of Sumter County shows a McLeods Mill located on the Beaverdam Branch between it and Horsepen Branch where the property of Alexander McLeod was located. The book, Lee County Past and Present Vol. II page 123, confirms the presence of this third McLeod Mill, however, in the 1821 Mill Map by Stephen H. Boykin (improved in 1825) no Mill is shown there. There are two possibilities....either it was in fact there but located in what was Kershaw District and not Sumter District in 1821 but by 1878 constantly changing boundary lines caused it to be considered Sumter County OR it was placed there after Alexander I's death in 1824 by one of his children.

Trish Sanders Brown, a 4x's great granddaughter of Alexander and Sarah McIntosh McLeod, located what she believes to have been the remains of a home on the Horsepen Branch property during a 2001 research trip. She states that there was also evidence of gravesites and a Mill on the property. But again, the date of establishment and operation of any mill located on the estate of Alexander I is unknown, however, I believe if the Mill was on the property of Alexander I, it was placed there after his death.

In any event, much of Angus McLeod's childhood would have been spent around mills, learning to operate both the mill itself and quite likely the stores which were located near them. Mills and the community stores were places for social gatherings; families woud travel to the mill to have their corn and wheat ground or to cut their lumber and to purchase those items they were unable to provide for themselves on their own farms. Traveling the miles by horse and buggy was long and tedious and so the trips were made into day long socialization events with picnicking and swimming in the mill races. During the years his Uncle Daniel administered the estate and affairs of his brother Alexander's own farm, it was likely they used the mill of their grandfather, Angus McLeod and socialized with their extended family quite often.

Angus' grandfather's Mill, seen today on Lee County Maps as McLeods Mill Pond in the Spring Hill/Ionia area, was purchased in December of 1820 from Edward Reynolds and operated through the years by family members until approximately 1940. The Mill Pond, was actually the site of two mills and two ponds until the 1940's, when one mill pond washed out and became part of the present day much larger pond. The lower mill pond (which washed out) contained a steam powered sawmill which the community used for lumber while the upper pond's Mill was a "grist mill" which ground corn into meal and wheat into flour. The property also contained a store and a "crude" cotten gin during its hey days. Sold by Angus (I) to his son Daniel in April of 1831, it was passed down through inheritance until the present time (2007).

Marriage of Angus and Eliza Ann Arrants - After 1840 - before October 14 1843

Eliza, born May 26 1825, was the daughter of William Arrants and Charity Blyther, apparently one of only two children born to the couple. Born in 1825, Eliza was aged 15-20 and present in her parents home in the 1840 Census along with her brother, James William Arrants who was aged 10-15 in that years census (born in October 1826). Census Year 1830 Census Place Sumter District South Carolina 1 male 0-5, 1 male 30-40, 1 female 5-10, 1 female 30-40 neighbors included Johannas Arrants, John McCoy, Willis Yates, Issaic Lenoir/Census Year 1840, Census Place Sumter District South Carolina neighbors included J. A. Yates, Stucky, R. Hunt, Angus McCaskill, Johannas Arrants, Shadrock Rodgers/Census research at Ancestry.com, subscription of Lori McLeod Wilke, July 28 2007.

William Arrants was a blacksmith and was named as a person who was paid out of the estate of Alexander McLeod I (the father of Angus McLeod). He was the son of Johannas and Anne ALLOWAY Arrants and the brother of Harmon Arrants who was a close friend of Angus' brother, John N. McLeod and who was, in fact, the man responsible for bringing John's body home after his death in Richmond Virginia. Indicating the closeness of the McLeods and the Arrants are the many legal documents which were witnessed by members of both families.

Her mother, Charity Blyther was the daughter of William Blyther and Sarah (--?--) and was named in William's 1822 Will. ...."Also, I give to my well beloved daughter Charity one feather bed and furniture which is now claimed by her "-- Charity was one of three children of William Blyther - an unnamed Female Blyther who was married to a Kelly (by whom she had John Kelly) and a brother named John Blyther. Will of William Blyther Recorded in Will Book D1 page 36 Recorded October 17th 1823 William Potts, Ordy SD - Will found at SCGENWEB Sumter site maintained by Cynthia Ridgeway Parker.

The exact date of the marriage of Angus and Eliza is unknown, however, their only surviving child, William McLeod, was born on October 14, 1843 according to his tombstone in the McLeod Family Plot at Antioch Baptist Church. ( Angus and Eliza possibly had at least one other child who died in infancy. This child's stone is also found in the McLeod Family Plot at Antioch and in fact has been replaced with funds raised at the annual McLeod Family Reunion NOTE: The replacement stone was incorrectly inscribed to read that this infant was the child of Alexander and Harriet Yates McLeod, Angus' brother and sister in law.) Gravestones at Antioch Baptist Lee County, SC/ photograph of tombstone taken in October 2000 by Lori McLeod Wilke and Donald Ross McLeod Jr.

Although it can be assumed from the 1830 census of William Arrants, in which only two children are found, that Eliza remained in her parents home in 1840 (ages correspond in both the 1830 and 1840 censuses), searches of the Kershaw and Sumter Censuses have not revealed Angus McLeod either as a head of household or in an age range appropriate to him in the homes of any of his siblings, all married by that year. It is known that three of Angus' aunts and possibly his grandmother Nancy McCutchen McLeod migrated between 1839 and 1840 to Macon County Alabama and there is some evidence that Angus traveled with them. The 1840 census of that county in Alabama shows Mary aka Polly McLeod and her husband John McKay, Betsy McLeod and her husband Norman McLeod, and Nancy McLeod and her husband, Roderick Bethune.
In Roderick Bethune's household, there is a male aged 20-30; although it is thought that Angus would have been around 19 in that year, it is a well known fact that the age ranges were hardly accurate in the 1800's. It is believed that Angus' grandmother is found in this home aged 60-70. 1840 Census of Macon County Alabama - Head of Household Roderck Bethune; Census research at Ancestry.com, subscription of Lori McLeod Wilke.

1840 - 1850

1849 - Angus sold 109 acres on the Horsepen Branch - Kershaw District - to William and Margaret Hunt on April 1 1949. Witnessed by William Arrants and James W. Arrants (father and brother of Eliza Arrants McLeod). Deed accessed and copied by Lori McLeod Wilke June 2006
  • bounded N by Estate of A. Hunt (neighbor of William Arrants in 1840 Sumter District Census (note that census apparently included Kershaw as it is the only in which Angus' siblings are found in Sumter and not Kershaw District - also 1850 shows Willam Arrants in Kershaw District and not Sumter)
  • E. by Estate of A. Hunt
  • W. by lands of A. McLeod
  • S. by the Horsepen Branch
  • plat done on February 7th 1820 by Stephen H. Boykin

1850 - 1860

1850 Kershaw District Census - The family is found in the Kershaw Census - Household 712 - Angus is aged 27 (brith year of 1823/24), Eliza is aged 26 (brith year of 1824/5) and William is shown as aged 2 in the index - however, the image itself reads aged 7 - Neighbors included Shadrack Rodgers, Paul ? McCaskill, his brother, Alexander McLeod #708, R. Hunt, Bradley, Harmon Arrants, #713, Edwin Barnes #715,- Census Place: Kershaw County, South Carolina; Census Year 1850, page 116, fam # 712 Angus age 27, Eliza age 26, William aged 2 - occupation listed as farmer - Ridgeway Post Office. Census Research by Lori McLeod Wilke

1853 - Angus was Witness to the Will of his Aunt by marriage, Catherine McLean McLeod. On September 10th 1853, Catherine, the widow of Daniel McLeod, wrote her will and it was recorded in November that same year. Witnesses for the Will were her nephew by marriage, Angus McLeod the son of Daniel's deceased brother, Alexander McLeod, E.G. McCutchen (possibly the father of Dr. Samuel E. McCutchen who later married her granddaughter by John Robert), , and John Boykin (who had purchased the land bordering Daniel's from his sister and her husband, Roderick and Nancy McLeod Bethune in 1839). The appraisers of the estate were Robert M. Huggins, John McLeod (probably her nephew, John N. since her son John was administrator), her nephew, Angus McLeod, N.S. Garred and John Boykin. Will of Catherine McLeod Rec'd November 1853 Will Book D page 512/Estate of Daniel McLeod Dec'd Inventory Filed Dec 1853 Note: Catherine's will and a portion of her estate are mistakenly filed with the estate records of another Daniel McLeod, the husband of Jane Christmas Also her husband Daniel's estate is indexed as the estate of a DAVID McLeod and not Daniel. Files accessed and copied June 2004 by Lori McLeod Wilke at the Sumter Courthouse, South Carolina.

1855 - Angus is shown as a neighbor of Harmon Arrants, corresponding with the 1850 census, on the deed in which Harmon purchases 1372 acres on the Horsepen Branch on the Kershaw District side. The plat was surveyed for Harmon by Stephen H. Boykin. Harmon's property was bounded by the Reedy Branch and the Salt Log Branch also. Neighbors included A.W. McCaskill, Edwin Barnes, Daniel McCaskill, Rebecca Hunter, Jesse Adkinson as well as Angus. Series Number: S213192 Volume: 0057 Page: 00006 Item: 00 Date: 1855/03/16 Description: ARRANTS, HARMON, PLAT FOR 1,372 ACRES ON HORSE PEN BRANCH, KERSHAW DISTRICT, SURVEYED BY STEPHEN H. BOYKIN. Names Indexed: ARRANTS, HARMON/BOYKIN, STEPHEN H./CORBITT, HAMPTON/BARNS, EDWARD/MCCASKILL, A. W./MCCASKILL, DANIEL/HUNT, REBECCA/MCLEOD, ANGUISH/ADKINSON, JESSE/ Locations: KERSHAW DISTRICT/HORSEPEN CREEK/REEDY BRANCH/SALT LOG BRANCH Type: PLAT/ Topics:

1857 - 1858 - Angus and Eliza were members of Antioch Baptist Church along with his siblings as early as around November 1857 according to a partial church history found one part in the Camden Archives of Kershaw County and the other part in the Sumter Geneological Society. However the tombstone of his brother, Alexander McLeod and his wife, Harriet Yates, stated that in 1902 Harriet had been a member for 65 years - or since 1837. Angus, Eliza and their son William are buried there with many other family members. Angus would leave $1000.00 in his Will for the care of the Church Cemetery, which in the obituary of his nephew, Norman A. McLeod, was called "the family plot". However, with his death in the War between the States and the eventual declaration of insolvency by the administrator of his estate, no monies ever materialized for that care. Estate of Angus McLeod found and copied in June of 2003 by Lori McLeod and David J. Wilke and the Will of Angus McLeod Will provided by Purdy Belvin McLeod Jr. and the Camden Conferate Newpaper Obituary of Norman A. McLeod- provided by Donald Ross McLeod Jr.
    • Record of Antioch Baptist Church Male Members in full fellowship up to the first of Nov. 1857 - name included (Record of Antioch Baptist Church, found June 30 2003, Meyers Family File, Camden Archives by Lori McLeod Wilke)
    • Record of Antioch Baptist Church Male Members in full fellowship up to the first of Nov. 1858 - name included (Record of Antioch Baptist Church, found June 30 2003, Meyers Family File, Camden Archives by Lori McLeod Wilke)

1860 - 1870

In this years census, Angus is shown at household # 617 as a Planter with Real Estate valued at $40,000 and personal property at $10,000. Angus was shown as aged 38 (birth year of 1822) while Eliza was shown as aged 36 and William aged 16. William was a shown as a laborer on his father's plantation - neighbors included Joshua Sims, W? E. English, John (Mary) Holland, Shadrack Rodgers and his brother Alexander McLeod at household #578 (Note: in 1850, the brothers were within four households of each other - by this census there are 39 households between them - obviously, land was inherited, sold, or otherwise became more occupied during the ten years spanning the two censuses.). Census Place: Division 4, Camden P.O. Kershaw County, South Carolina; Census Year 1860, "Electronic," page 84 family 617, Angus aged 38 Planter Real Estate $40,000 Personal $ 10,000 Born in SC Eliza aged 36 William aged 16 Laborer Personal $195 Census research by Lori McLeod Wilke, ancestry.com paid subscription

In February of 1860, on the 14th, Eliza's father, William M. Arrants passed away although as was the custom, he was still listed as head of household in the 1860 census-at house 550. Angus McLeod and Eliza's brother, James William Arrants, assumed the debts of her father and divided those debts and the property equally amongst themselves. A debt was owed to Eliza and James' brother or uncle (not certain of the relationship), William Arrants Jr. that both men agreed to pay. Kershaw Court of Common Pleas, J.E. Rodgers vs. S.M. Boykin, his wife, et (et al being Michel Watson, John Crosswell, John S. Bradley who was administrator of the estate of John N. McLeod), Testimony of J. E. Rodgers and Alexander McLeod August 20 1867, file accessed and copied by Lori McLeod Wilke and David Jay Wilke, June 2005, Room 113 Camden Courthouse, Kershaw, South Carolina)

In August of 1861, Angus and his brothers, Alexander and John N., were the bondsmen for the estate of James Holland. Elisha Holland was appointed the administrator. (On March 3 1869, Elisha Holland testifies that all of the vouchers for the estate were destroyed in the raid by General Shermans' Army). Elisha M. Holland was a contemporary of the three men, born in 1812. It is unknown whether James Holland was Elisha's father or his son who was also a James (Lewis) Holland. It is more likely to have been his father. Research Notes of Col. Purdy Belvin McLeod Jr. provided to Lori McLeod Wilke in June of 2003

In September of 1861, the men of Kershaw and Sumter District began to enlist in the Confederate Army. Several regiments were formed and would be in their respective camps until January 1862 when 12,000 additional troops were called from South Carolina by the Confederate Congress. Vincent J. Simonowicz accessed by Lori McLeod Wilke 2005
Those previously formed regiments combined to become what would be known as the 20th South Carolina Infantry and are as follows:
A-Co. Anderson & Pickens Captain Partlow
B-Co. Orangeburg Captain McMicheal
C-Co. Lexington Captain Leaphart
D-Co. Orangeburg Captain Danley
E-Co. Larens Captain Cowen
F-Co. Newberry Captain Kinard
G-Co. Sumter Captain Moseley - Alexander Moseley -nephew of Angus McLeod (sister Catherine)
H-Co. Lexington / Orangeburg Captain Ruff
I-Co. Lexington / Orangeburg Captain Gunter
K-Co. Lexington Captain Harmon
Meeting at the Race Track in Charleston, the above companies were combined into the 20th South Carolina Infantry and elected the following Regimental Officers: Vincent J. Simonowicz accessed by Lori McLeod Wilke 2005
Colonel Lawrence M. Keitt
Lt. Col. O.M. Dansler
Quartermaster John P. Kinard
Major S.M. Boykin
Surgeon Dr. Salley
Adjutant John Wilson
Chaplain Rev. W.W. Duncan .

Angus and Eliza's son, William, is shown to have enlisted in what was Co. G. (Sumter) under Captain Alexander Moseley. Alexander was William's first cousin, the son of Catherine McLeod and John C. Moseley. Whether William had enlisted in 1861 or in the 1862 call up is unknown, however, we do know that he eventually served under Col. Stephen Madison Boykin, also a cousin by his marriage to Annie McLeod, daughter of Daniel McLeod and Catherine McLean (Annie - William's 1st cousin once removed). Family Records/ Tombstone of William McLeod at Antioch Baptist Church photograped by Lori McLeod Wilke October 2001

1862 - On February 20th, the 20th SC Infantry was ordered to James Island for Guard and Picket duty. The company remained at James Island until the fall of that year. By April 13th, while still stationed at James Island, Sgt. William McLeod, the only son of Angus and Eliza, would die from Typhoid Fever in the Charleston Hospital. His body would be carried home to Kershaw and buried at Antioch Baptist Church where his stone includes a description of his service to the Confederacy.


Stone at Antioch Baptist Church


CAPTAINS: Boykin, S.M., Herriott, R.L., Mosely, A.

LIEUTENANTS: White, L.A., Rhame, G.S., McCaskill, K., Belvin, W.T., Herriott, J.V.

SERGEANTS: Lafan, M.L., McLeod, William, McCaskill, F.D., Boykin, J.J., Boykin, S.B., Hancock, W.J., Jones, G.W., Madison, K., Mathis, J.R., McEachern, J.R.

CORPORALS: McEachern, W.D., Allen, J.C., Andrews, O.T., Barfield, R.E., Mathis, J.V., Eachern, W.C., Smith, T.W.B.

PRIVATES: Atkinson, William, Atkinson, Wash., Andrews, E., Boykin, William, Boykin, Drewry, Boykin, S.L., Boykin, Elias, Boykin, M.H., Boykin, James, Boykin, C.M., Bounds, John, Brown, I.T., Brown Joshua, Button, C.S., Bradley, S.B., Bird, James, Baker, A., Brunson, J.I., Bradley, William, Croft, William, Croft, Wesly, Cannon, G., Corbitt, J.A., Collins, Alex., Caughman, Joe, Corbitt, J.N., Dorety, T.G., Dunlop, Samuel, Dorety, William, Dorety, Manning, Dorety, Henry, Dorety, Thomas, Dorety, Laton, Druggus, M.D., Dixon, Benj., Davis, G.P.W., Davis, Joel, Davis, J.D., Davis, Lucas, Davis, Offel, Davis, C.R., Deas, E., Duncan, George, Daniels, Wes., Daniels, Alf., Genobles, Rufus, Gaillard, Rufus, Gaillard, W.F., Hawkins, Wash., Harmon, James, Hatfield, Benj., Hatfield, William, Hatfield, Caleb, Hatfield, Charles, Hatfield, Wesly, Hancock, E.J., Hancock, T.D., Hancock, G.W., Hawkins, John, Huggins, Willie, Hutchens, ----, Hyott, James, Jeffers, Daniel, Jeffers, H.J., Jones, R.L., Jones, C.L., Jones, Henry, Jones, M., Jones, Francis, Jeffers, John, Kirby, ----, Lee, John, Lee, William, Lucas, T.B., Lucas, M.B., McCaskill, Robert, Mathis, William, Mathis, G.M., Mathis, E.B., Mathis, S., Mathis, Alex., Murph, Henry, Moseley, William, Moseley, George, Myers, T.S., Myers, P.A., McKensie, L.A., Moonyham, Stephen, McCutcheon, John, Marsh, J., McCaswill, ----, Neighbors, H., Neighbors, David, Neighbors, Isaac, Neighbors, Thomas, Nichols, W.A., Otts, James, Partin, William, Partin, J.W., Rhame, Thomas, Rodgers, J.D., Rodgers, Latson, Rodgers, Manning, Smith, J.M., Smith, Tally, Scott, Fleming, Scott, Benjamin, Syfan, C.E., Solomons, T.J., Solesby, ----, Stokes, J.L., Shiver, John, Sexious, ----, Tuninel, ----, Tensley, Thomas, Tidwell, Adison, Tidwell, William, Vassar, E.A., Vicks, William, Whites, Henry, Watson, J.T., White, John, Weldon, Benjamin, Weldon, Pake, Wacton, R.C., Watts, William, Boykin, M.S.

1863 - On July 13th Angus McLeod wrote his will. A note in the Estate file shows that the document was written while Angus was in the field and carried back to Kershaw after his death to be filed for probate. It was witnessed by James Dunlap, J.H. Francis and T. English. (Thomas English is named in the 1864 Roll of Officers and Men of the 5th Battalion Reserve Corp. - see below. Will of Angus McLeod Kershaw County Probate Court Index, (1775-1913?) File 50/Estate 1776 accessed and copied by Lori McLeod Wilke and David Jay Wilke June 2003 at the Camden Courthouse, South Carolina

1864 - On May 18th, "The Camden Confererate" printed the Roll of Officers and Men of The 5th Battalian Reserve Corp., a company that had "recently formed" of men between the ages of 40 and 50. Angus McLeod is shown as a 4th Corporal in this Roll of Officers and Men. Since Angus had written his will in 1863 while in the field, according to his estate file, then it appears that these men had been serving prior to 1864. Serving with Angus was his brother in law, Alfred Davis, who was married to his elder sister Jane and Thomas English who had witnessed his will the year before. Camden Confederate Article provided to Lori McLeod Wilke by Donald Ross McLeod Jr. October 2000
On June 21, 1864, Angus McLeod died in Hardeville, South Carolina.

Tombstone at Antioch Baptist Church - scheduled for repair 2008/2009 by the McLeod Reunion

On July 13th, one year to the day that Angus wrote his will, James Dunlap, who had witnessed it, carried the will back to Kershaw County and swore before Alex McDonald that he was indeed a witness. Estate File of Angus McLeod, Adm. J. E. Rodgers, File accessed and copied by Lori McLeod Wilke and David Jay Wilke June 2004 at the Camden Courthouse - Will transcriptions previously provided to Lori McLeod Wilke by Donald Ross McLeod Jr. and Col. Purdy Belvin McLeod Jr.

In his will, Angus left his estate to his wife, Eliza in its entirety. Angus and Eliza had only one child survive infancy and that child, William had died of Typhoid Fever while stationed at James Island in April of 1863. He also left $1000.00 to Antioch Baptist Church to "fix" the family graveyard with any monies remaining after the "fix" to be held to earn interest and the interest of that money to be used for the support of the church and the Gospel.

Angus stated that if Eliza were to die and make no disposition of the estate he wished one half to go to his brother, Alexander McLeod and one half to go to the children of his brother in law, James William Arrants. It would appear from this that James was also serving the Confederacy and that Angus was concerned for the welfare of his several children and wanted to ensure they were provided for. In the event, James, who was married to Lavinia Lockhart at the time of the war, did survive, in fact he outlived Lavina, remarried after the war to Frances Judith Huggins, the daughter of Robert M. Huggins and Francis Belvin, and the sister of Robert English Huggins, Alexander McLeod's son in law. The children to which Angus would have half his estate go to were:
Joseph William Clennie Arrants
S.C. Celia Arrants who would later marry Angus' nephew, Angus Davis McLeod, s/o John N. McLeod
Lucas V.L. Arrants
James T.L. Arrants
George Washington Lee Arrants

Angus also stated that "a negro boy called Jacke" was to be given to "William McLeod, the son of J. A. McLeod". It is believed that this William was a great nephew of Angus, being the child of his nephew John Albert McLeod (son of Angus' brother John N. McLeod). William's mother was Clara Lockhart, perhaps a relative of James William Arrants' first wife, Lavinia.

Angus assigned the administration of his estate to his pastor and close friend, the Rev. James E. Rodgers (Antioch Baptist Church). Rodgers, believing the estate to be in fine shape and able to meet all of its expenses, allowed Eliza to remain upon the estate until such time as probate ended and it became legally her own. For the next eighteen months, Eliza would manage the estate without an overseer and would reportedly manage it well.

In the meantime, Rodgers would begin to settle both the personal debts of Angus and also those of the business Angus had co-owned. Angus and his brother, John N. McLeod owned and operated The J.N. & A. McLeod Firm prior to the war. At the time of this writing, the nature of the business is unknown, however family legend stated that John N. at the least, was in the slave transporting business; in other words, he traveled to Charleston and other large cities and attended the slave auctions to purchase slaves and deliver them back to Kershaw and Sumter District. Whether this was the nature of the Firm is unclear, however, we also know that John N. was a carpenter and it is possible the firm was one of that skill. In any event, John N. McLeod had died in Richmond Virginia in 1862 during a visit to his two sons who were stationed there at the time.

At the time of Angus' own death, the Firm was still in operation as can be seen from the Estate File, however, without its two owners; it would cease to function by the end of 1865 leaving unpaid debt which would have to be cleared by the estate of Angus. The Estate File of John N., which was being administered by John S Bradley, has not yet been accessed so it is unknown at this time if his estate shared the responsibility for those debts or if Angus had assumed the debts of his brother, as he had done in 1861 with the debts of his father in law William Arrants.

June 2006 - The estate file of John N. McLeod was accessed and an attempt was made to copy the file, however, the documents had been copied to microfilm incorrectly causing only portions of each page to be visable. Notes were taken as well as could be from what was visable but the knowledge gained was minimal. Therefore, it remains unknown what the courts had ruled in 1862 regarding the future operation of the Firm of John N. and his brother Angus.

Estate File of Angus McLeod and "J.E. Rodgers,
Executor of the Estate of Angus McLeod,
vs Col. S. M. Boykin and wife, et al"

accessed in Room 313 of the Kershaw County Courthouse in Camden South Carolina June 2005 by Lori McLeod Wilke and David Jay Wilke

1864 - At the time of the appraisal of the personal estate, which took place between July 13th and July 29th, by Alexander McLeod, John Robert McLeod, William Price, Edwin Barnes, and William Friese, Eliza seemed well placed to continue to make the plantation work to pay its expenses and her own living needs. The appraisal showed that the plantation had 19 cattle, 34 sheep, 50 hogs, 3 horses or mules along with 7 bales of cotton, 1 lot each of corn, fodder, wheat, rye and wool and had $1050.00 in notes (money loaned by Angus to others). The estate's total value was shown as $12,960.00 however, $8000.00 of that value was determined upon slave ownership.

Apparently, 1864, the year of Angus' death, was not a bad year for the area planters and covered the expenses of most of them, and the appraised value of the estate, which one must remember included slaves, gave Rodgers' confidence that Eliza would be able to retain possession of it. But, it would appear that it was not long before he must have felt some doubt as the personal receipts for 1864 show very little money being received; a total of only $2039.46 with $1813.00 of that coming from a sale of the estate property.

Rodger's must still have had some confidence in the ability to turn the estate around as he did not yet declare defeat and ask for the dissolution of it. Perhaps some of this confidence was money that was currently on the accounts of the Firm and also due to notes that the Firm held that had payments coming due. However, in 1864, the firm is shown as receiving only $534.66 from J. J. Gardner on a note he owed to the Firm and this amount matched what was paid out by the Firm that same year on its own note with Dr. W.S. Burgess. Despite the outlook at the moment for the Firm, things looked bad for the personal estate.

1865 - The 1865 expenditures of the personal estate looked minimal…the file shows that a payment was made on a note held by W.W. Clarkson and to the account with D.D. Holcott for a total of 203.39. However, if one looks at the expenditures for the Firm, one can see that that amount is what the Firm loaned to the personal estate on February 1 1865; Rodgers' was in effect borrowing from Peter to pay Paul. The personal estate was obviously no longer supporting itself as early as February of 1865. Perhaps hope was held that the harvest that year would be plentiful and turn the situation around.

1865 however, would not turn out to be a very good year; the crops were not as plentiful and many area planters did not meet their expenses in that year. It can be assumed that the war contributed greatly to this situation as the emancipation of the slaves took place in that year and those unable to negotiate with the freed slaves to remain as hired help to sow or harvest would result in a hardship that made it difficult to work the full extent of normal planting. With the loss of life and the injury and illness of those returning home after the war, not to mention any inclement weather in 1865, it can be easily understood that many did not make ends meet.

In Eliza's case, still believing that she would inherit the estate and acting as its manager, she was able to negotiate with five or six of the freed men to remain on the plantation and help her to work it. The Estate File revealed that the plantation formerly had eleven slaves, but the number of families included in those eleven is unknown - therefore it is possible that all eleven remained while only five or six worked the fields. The records indicate that no cotton was made by the plantation that year, and the main crop was corn. Four hundred bushels were said to have been made and the freed slaves, now working for the estate as hired hands, received 87 and ½ bushels as their pay.

By the end of 1865, it is apparent that the Firm was no longer solvent. Despite taking in a total of $1414.50 (from a note of J. J. Gardner and payment for the account of John Robert McLeod) the company was showing a deficit of $280.35.

1866 - In late 1865 or in early 1866, upon realizing that neither the Firm nor the personal estate of Angus McLeod could be saved, Rodgers took possession of the plantation from Eliza and began the attempt to pay off the remaining debts.

A partial record in the Court of Common Pleas shows that on February 5th 1866 Rodgers held an auction on the plantation of all of the personal household and plantation goods including stock and harvested crops. Although he had not yet declared the estate insovlent, it is obvious that he was attempting to pay all the debts of the estate. This partial record was used in testimony to show that Eliza McLeod "and others", who were unnamed had purchased a total of $965.68 that would be used to pay off the debts of the plantation, when the payments for purchases was received - the court ordered sale was to be done with a 12 month credit to the purchasers! - . Records in the estate file show that Eliza and "others" were not the only ones to purchase at this sale, but almost all the purchases had been made on 12 month credit - this was a disaster waiting to happen as all the area planters and residents were feeling the effects of the war and were money poor themselves.

On March 1 1866, Eliza McLeod married her neighbor and relative by marriage, Stephen M. Boykin. Col. Boykin had been married to Angus McLeod's first cousin, Annie McLeod who had died early in 1865 due to what is believed to have been complications from childbirth. Col. Boykin was at the time of Annie's death, a prisoner of the Yankees at Ft. Delaware having been wounded and captured in 1864 at Cedar Creek; after taking the "Oath of Allegiance" on June 24th 1865, Col. Boykin was released and returned home. Marriage List of Rev. James E. Rodgers, Family Files of Boykin Descendants, Gravestone of Annie McLeod Boykin photographed June 2004 by Lori McLeod Wilke, David Jay Wilke at McLeod Cemetery aka New Hope Presbyterian Church Cemetery,

If one were to read just the estate file, it would appear that Eliza married Boykin while the 500 acre plantation was still flourishing and providing her a living. The file on its own mentions nothing about Rodgers having to take possession of a failing plantation and pay the debts not only of that estate and the business of two men killed in the war, nor does it mention the selling of all of the household and personal goods of Eliza. The file simply shows that Eliza and Boykin received the land of Angus McLeod after their marriage in 1866. This estate file would seem to support our family legend of the "stolen" McLeod land.

But, reading the two files together gives a different perspective (the estate file plus the lawsuit). Although our family legend has stated that Boykin married Eliza for her land and property, the facts of the court case would seem to negate that. Eliza was entitled by law to 1/3 of the lands of the estate; this dower land would be secure from the debts of the estate and would have included the house and outbuildings AND in the normal course of time would by law have reverted back to other heirs of the estate, likely Alexander McLeod, but without the household and plantation goods which were sold in the insolvency and legal ownership of the estate, she had no hope of an income. An empty house and fields that could not be worked were the legacy she would have received. Although she was helped by unnamed "others" to purchase back at least $995.00 of her personal belongings, she was still in affect destitute. The truth could appear to be that Col. Boykin, perhaps one of the "others", married a woman who had lost both her son and her husband to the War and was, in March 1866, without any means of income.

In the meantime, Rodgers set about trying to pay all the debts of the estate. The expenditures for the personal estate of Angus McLeod, for 1866, totaled $419.68. It would appear that at this point, the estate was now showing a profit and its debts as known at the time could be cleared; its income was $1,502.68 and its outgo was only $419.68 leaving a profit of $1,083.00, however, one must remember that unlike the sale of property in 1864, the sale held February 5th 1866 was done on credit and that we only have a partial record of that sale - how much cash was actually received in 1866 is therefore unknown. The Court of Common Pleas file shows that Eliza had not paid for her purchases as late as August 1867, indicating that of the $1502.68 taken in by the estate, at least $995.65 of it was an unpaid note. On paper, the estate looked solvent, but its reality was completely different - in other words, had all the cash owed to the estate been paid, the estate may have been able to pay its debts and break even.

1867 - However, it is obvious that this did not occur - the estate file shows that on January 20th 1867, Rodgers petitioned the court for the division of the acreage that remained part of the estate, claiming that the estate of Angus McLeod was insolvent. The Petition and the resulting Order to Divide the estate showed that only about 318 acres remained of the 500 that were part of the estate in 1864, it would appear that Rodgers also sold approximately 181 acres and with the money raised between the auction and sale of land, he made payments as he could; the lawsuit records indicate that all creditors of which he was aware of at the time had received 25% of their payment.

The January 20th petition, which stated the remaining land of the estate valued at about $600 - $700, resulted in commissioners being called upon to oversee the division of the property. William Price, W.W. Stokes, W. Lewis Cook, Joseph Stokes and Jesse Atkinson were subpoenaed by the court and went out upon the land the next day with Boykin, who was a surveyor, to divide it 1/3 (approximately 109 acres) to Eliza in accordance with Law of Dower and 2/3rds (approximately 209 acres) to Rodgers.

Although the estate file didn't specify this fact, those same commissioners were also to determine a reasonable recompense for Eliza's overseeing the plantation for 18 months. According to the lawsuit, the commissioners determined that a reasonable payment would have been $400.00 excluding board. This was to be separate from the dower lands.

On February 23rd, 1867, Rodgers sold his 209 acres Boykin for only $75.00, despite its having been valued at approximately $1.88 per acre on January 20th, Boykin purchased it for roughly $.36 an acre. The $75.00 Rodgers received was paid out to the creditors of the estate and business of Angus McLeod. On April 15th, Rodgers filed the report on the division of the estate.

Between January and March 1867, the estate received $174.00 on payment of the notes it held with expenditures of $174.96. This appears to leave a profit for the years 1866 and 1867 of $1080.04. However, on April 27th, only 12 days later, Rodgers was filing a lawsuit against Col. Boykin and Eliza, et al - the et al appears to have been John S. Bradley who was the administrator of the estate of Angus' brother, John N. McLeod.

Reading the contents of both files, it is clear that upon learning of the bankruptcy of the estate, creditors of what appears to have mostly been against the now bankrupted J.N. & A. McLeod Firm of which Rodgers was previously unaware of came out the woodwork so to speak. These creditors must have threatened to file lawsuits against Rodger's personally which apparently left him no choice but to have the courts intervene to settle the estate once and for all.

Unfortunately, the document which detailed Rodgers Complaint was deteriorated so badly that it was unreadable. But, reading those pages which are legible, it would appear that Rodgers was in return filing suit upon Eliza, as the widow for the almost $1000.00 she owed and upon John S. Bradley, as administrator of Angus' brother's estate to share in the payment of the debts of the Firm. Also named in the lawsuit was Mickal Watkins, a known neighbor of Angus' brother, Alexander. What part Watkins played is unknown as the complaint was illegible.

Eliza's dower was protected from the creditors of her husband's estate by law for her lifetime, but she had been awarded commissions, bonuses and compensation for her overseeing of the estate. In addition, one must remember that Eliza owed the personal estate $995.68 from the sale of February 5th 1866; and also remembering that the sale was done on 12 month credit. Eliza had not paid that debt which had been due on February 1st, 1867 and by time Rodger's filed the suit in April, remained unpaid. John N. McLeod's estate was still considered to be solvent, as least until 1868 when his widow, Kitsy's, dower was established. One cannot blame Rodgers, who was obviously under personal attack for an estate not his own, the administration of which was undertaken during wartime, for filing a lawsuit to protect himself. In fact, the court decreed immediatley that those who were filing against Rodgers were legally bound from doing so until the close of his lawsuit.

Likewise, the Answer of the Plaintiffs (Boykin, Eliza and John S. Bradley, and possibly Michel Watson and John Crosswell) was also badly deteriorated and illegible, but the commissioner's report dated September 23rd 1867, gives a clue as to its contents….The Plaintiffs had all purchased (on 12 months credit) items from the sale on February 5th 1866 but had not made payment on those items. They were apparently claiming the estate owed them money, in Eliza's case for the 18 months management of the estate, AND for rent of the land and dower apparently for 1866 and 1867 when Rodgers had re-taken possession of it and therefore they were not going to pay Rodgers until he settled the debts they were owed.

It is easy to see the dilemma....Rodgers, as executor of the estate, was trying to collect approximately $2000.00 owed to the estate of Angus McLeod in order to pay off the creditors to the estate. BUT, he owed approximately $400.00 to Eliza McLeod Boykin who owed him $995.68 of the approximately $2000.00. One must wonder why Eliza simply didn't deduct what she was owed from what she herself owed.....but, did anyone have any currency in the years following the war?

I have spent many hours going over what remains of the court case and have come to the conclusion based upon what remains of those documents, that many of those creditors who came against Rodgers as executor had filed erroneous debts against the estate. The documents indicate that many of the claims were not ever proven; some of the debts were dated from pre-war years and one must wonder why they had not been paid previously ...or were they? So many of the Southern planters were in their own ways destitute and desperate...did they take advantage of the confusion of the aftermath by trying to claim debts which did not exist? For where were these supposed creditors of the estate/firm during the three years thaRodgers was paying all the expences of the both the estate and the firm, sometimes borrowing from one to pay the debts of the other?

In any event, Rodgers hired W.W. Shannon as his attorney while the Boykin's hired Mr. Kershaw as theirs. Mr. Shannon subpoenaed the Boykin's, John S. Bradley, John Crosswell and Michel Watson. The subpoenas were delivered on April 29th 1867 by Special Deputy Willis Gaylord (son in law of Angus and John's brother, Alexander McLeod), who, by order of Sheriff J. M. Whelder, personally served John Crosswell and left a copy at John Bradley's residence. Sheriff Sills personally visited Col. Boykin and gave him two copies and his special deputy B. Bateman delivered Michel Watson his copy. Kershaw Court of Common Pleas, J.E. Rodgers vs. S.M. Boykin, his wife, et (et al being Michel Watson, John Crosswell, John S. Bradley who was administrator of the estate of John N. McLeod), Commissioners report of Testimony of August 20 1867, file accessed and copied by Lori McLeod Wilke and David Jay Wilke, June 2005, Room 113 Camden Courthouse, Kershaw, South Carolina) !Source: Lori McLeod Wilke; copyright © 2000-2006 http://www.geocities.com/dillysdillys/AngusMcLeodII.htm

On June 11th, a motion was made with the consent of both attorneys, to marshal the assets of the estate of Angus McLeod and that Rodger's provide all records to the court of his administration of the estate. J. D. Dunlap was appointed the Receiver. This motion specifically named John S. Bradley (Administer), Michel Watson and John Crosswell and restrained them from pursing their "actions at law" against Rodgers. The Camden Journal was to advertise a notice compelling all the creditors of the estate to file and establish their demands.

On August 20th, testimony was taken from the commissioners who had divided the property and had negotiated Eliza's commission. Testimony was also taken from Angus McLeod's only surviving brother, Alexander McLeod. The men all testified to the state of the crops in the years 1864-1866, Eliza's management of the estate for 18 months and whether they felt that the recompense was fair.

From August until September, the claimaints against the estate of Angus McLeod presented their notes to the court. Unfortunately, most of the notes were from the bankrupt Firm and whether or not these claims were proven in the end is unknown due to the missing documents from the Court of Common Pleas file.

In the end, what appears to have happened is that those claims which eventually were proven were paid as follows: claims of under $100.00 were paid in full; claims in excess of $100.00 were paid 25% to equal those who had already recieved that percentage from Rodgers in his attempts to settle the estate without a court case.

The remainder of the debts were to paid at the death of Eliza Ann Arrants McLeod Boykin from the sale of her dower lands.

1870 - 1880

Eliza Arrants McLeod, now Boykin, continued to attend Antioch Baptist Church under the pastorage of the Rev. James E. Rodgers, until at least 1870 as can be seen by the records of the church, so hard feelings from the Court Case would appear to have either been attended to or never existed in the first place. It is unknown whether Col. Boykin attended Antioch as well as his name has not yet been found on any record of the church to my knowledge. Record of Antioch Baptist Chruch Members in full fellowship up to 1870 - Eliza 's name included (Record of Antioch Baptist Church, found June 30 2003, Meyers Family File, Camden Archives by Lori McLeod Wilke)

1880

Eliza died sometime before February 6th 1880 on which date the Court of Common Pleas Judge ordered the sale of the Dower lands. The order stated that the dower had reverted and was now subject to the proven claims of the creditors of the estate of Angus McLeod dec'd. It was further ordered that the sale of the land be advertised and sold at "public outcry" on the steps of the Camden Courthouse on the first Monday of April next. Kershaw Court of Common Pleas, J.E. Rodgers vs. S.M. Boykin, his wife, et (et al being Michel Watson, John Crosswell, John S. Bradley who was administrator of the estate of John N. McLeod), Commissioners report of Testimony of August 20 1867, file accessed and copied by Lori McLeod Wilke and David Jay Wilke, June 2005, Room 113 Camden Courthouse, Kershaw, South Carolina)

On April 5th, Harriet Yates McLeod, the wife of Angus' brother, Alexander McLeod purchased the dower lands for $370.00. The proceeds of that sale were then apparently used to settle the estate of Angus McLeod once and for all. Kershaw Deed FF 544 "Title to Real Estate" Recorded June 2 1880 Estate of Angus McLeod, Harriet M. McLeod J.D. Dunlap Receiver to Harriet M. McLeod accessed by Lori McLeod Wilke and David Jay Wilke June 2004 Camden Courthouse South Carolina

According to the Will of Alexander McLeod (I), Angus McLeod's father, it is believed that Angus inherited the plantation home and a portion of the lands of his father (who had died in 1824) at the death of his mother, Sarah McIntosh McLeod cr. 1835. Dower Law states that the widowed Eliza Arrants McLeod would have received that portion of land as her dower that included the house and any outbuildings for her lifetime, so it can be assumed that this land included the original home and surrounding lands of Alexander and Sarah McIntosh McLeod. Will of Alexander McLeod. Kershaw County Genealogical Archives/Camden Recorded 3/8/1824 Will of 1/15/1824/ Court Records, Will Book K page 147 Volume 2; E - D, Accessed and copied by Lori McLeod Wilke and David Jay Wilke, June 2003 at the Camden Courthouse SC - copies originally provided to Lori McLeod Wilke by Donald Ross McLeod Jr. and Col. Purdy Belvin McLeod Jr.

This appears to have credence based upon the land boundaries of Alexander and Sarah's 1812 purchase and by the land boudaries of that portion of the land of Angus McLeod which remained in 1867.!Source: Lori McLeod Wilke; copyright © 2000-2006 http://www.geocities.com/dillysdillys/AngusMcLeodII.htm
Alexander and Sarah McIntosh McLeod's KNOWN Land 1812
the east corner bounded S.E. by Spann Land,
N.E. by Arrants land,
N.W. by Isaac Lenore's land
Angus and Eliza Arrants McLeod's Land 1867 - 318 acres remaining of his estate lands (500 acres in 1864)
South & South East by the land of H. Arrants and Jesse Atkinson, and J. E. Rogers
West by the lands of the Estate of William Price and M. Parriott
North by lands of S.M. Boykin and J.W. Arrants
Eliza Arrants McLeod Boykin's Dower Lands (located on East side of the Tract of Angus McLeod)
bound South East by the land of H. Arrants and Jesse Atkinson,
West by the lands of the Estate of Angus McLeod,
North by lands of S.M. Boykin and J.W. Arrants.

The names shown as boundary indications correspond to all found census records/land deeds of neighbors of Alexander and Sarah, Alexander and Harriet and Angus and Eliza.

The family legend that would have us believe that our original lands had been "stolen" is therefore proven to have been untrue. The lands may have remained in the hands of one who married into and out of our family for as long as 16 years (1864 - 1880), however, they were back in the family's possession in 1880.

Antioch Baptist Church

1890 - 1895

Harriet Yates McLeod retained ownership of the land for 12 years. She sold the land for $264.38 to Henry G. Carrison or Garrison on June 25th 1892, three years before the death of her husband, Alexander McLeod II. Kershaw Deed Book page 208 Title to Real Estate Harriet McLeod to Henry G. Carrison accessed and copied by Lori McLeod Wilke and David Jay Wilke June 2005 at the Camden Courthouse


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