Haplogroup R1b (DYS19=13)

Haplogroup R1b (DYS19=13)

The haplotypes below exhibit values 13-12-24-11-13-13 for the basic

markers DYS # 19-388-390-391-392-393. This puts them one step

away from the Atlantic Modal Haplotype.

R1b DYS19=13 Haplotype #1

The DYS19 value of 13, and the DYS389i value of 12, makes the haplotype below resemble haplogroup "Q".

Since "Q" haplotypes also generally exhibit high values for DYS385a,b, we deliberately filtered out such haplotypes

by restricting the DYS385a value to 11 or 12, which are typical of R1b.

The Cape Town match is of indeterminate origin. The match in Hungary is probably R1b, but might still be

haplogroup "Q". After all, Hungary was overrun by Huns, Mongols and Magyars, and a good part of the population

no doubt possesses at least some "Asian" DNA.

We don't have nearly enough European data to suggest an origin for this haplotype, but the

single match in Hungary could suggest an ancestry among the Central European Celts. Iberian

or "Celtic" is the default assignment for any R1b haplotype within a single step of AMH.

19 389i 389ii 390 391 392 393 385a 385b
13 12 - 24 11 13 13 11/12 -

Geographical Locale

%
Cape Town, South Africa [European] 1.00
Budapest, Hungary .51

R1b DYS19=13 Haplotype #2

The match pattern for the haplotype below has been similarly restricted to DYS385a values of 11 to screen out

matches belonging to haplogroup Q. What remains is most likely R1b.

The geographical profile of the matches is interesting. On the one hand, Iberia and the Low Countries appear in three

of the top four frequencies, suggesting an origin among the prehistoric Iberians or the Celtic peoples of Western Europe.

On the other hand, the top match occurs in Norway, and there are four additional matches in Germany and Poland

(two in Magdeburg). The rule of thumb would be to attribute this haplotype to a pre-Roman native British origin, but it

could easily have come from elsewhere in Northern Europe.

19 389i 389ii 390 391 392 393 385a 385b
13 13 30 24 10 13 13 11 -

Geographical Locale

%
Eastern Norway 1.18
Asturias, Spain 1.10
Cantabria, Spain .99
Leuven, Belgium .88
Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt .71
Bialystok, Poland [Byelorussians] .64
Freiburg, Baden-Wurttemburg .23

R1b DYS19=13 Haplotype #3

The haplotype below has only two matches in YHRD, both of which fall in Baden-Wurttemburg, the old Swabian

part of Germany. We infer from this coincidence that this haplotype may have a Germanic origin, and could have arrived

in Britain with the Angles or the Saxons.

19 389i 389ii 390 391 392 393 385a 385b
13 13 29 24 11 13 13 11 11

Geographical Locale

%
Freiburg, Germany .23
Stuttgart, Germany .22

R1b DYS19=13 Haplotype #4

For the haplotype below, we included a DYS385a value no higher than 12 to filter out possible Q convergence.

The resulting match pattern looks stereotypical Celtiberian, with most of the matches falling in Iberia, among

Hispanic populations, or in the Low Countries and the Rhineland. The highest match frequency falls in

Sweden, however, so a Norse origin is also a possibility.

19 389i 389ii 390 391 392 393 385a 385b
13 14 30 24 11 13 13 11/12 -

Geographical Locale

%
Varmland, Sweden 2.32
Zaragoza, Spain 1.67
Texas [Hispanic-American] 1.35
Brussels, Belgium .80
Reunion Island [Creole Blanc] .51
Andalucia/Extremadura, Spain .26
Stuttgart, Germany .22
Northern Portugal .18

R1b DYS19=13 Haplotype #5

The haplotype below was found only among South Africans of English descent, so it may have either a native

British or an Anglo-Saxon origin.

19 389i 389ii 390 391 392 393 385a 385b
13 - - 26 11 13 13 - -

Geographical Locale

%
Cape Town, S. Africa [European-Englsh] 1.00

R1b DYS19=13 Haplotype #6

The haplotype below was found only among Hispanic or Iberian samples, and may well have come to Britain

with the prehistoric Iberians.

19 389i 389ii 390 391 392 393 385a 385b
13 13 29 25 11 13 13 11 14

Geographical Locale

%
Valle de Cauca, Colombia [Mestizo] .97
Quito, Ecuador [Mestizo] .84
Valencia, Spain .71
Central Portugal .20
Antioquia, Colombia [Mestizo] .08

R1b DYS19=13 Haplotype #7

The European matches for the haplotype below fall in Northern Italy, Austria, Germany and the Czech

Republic. This suggests a Central European origin that could ultimately be either Germanic or Celtic.

19 389i 389ii 390 391 392 393 385a 385b
13 13 - 25 10 13 13 10/11 -

Geographical Locale

%
Santa Fe, Argentina [European] 1.37
Veneto, Italy [Italian] .83
Tyrol, Austria [Tyrolean] .43
Hamburg, Germany [German] .36
Peru [Mestizo] .32
Central Bohemia, Czech Republic .22

R1b DYS19=13 Haplotype #8

The only match for this haplotype falls in Western Germany, which could suggest an Anglo-Saxon origin.

19 389i 389ii 390 391 392 393 385a 385b
13 13 - 25 10 14 13 11 14

Geographical Locale

%
Stuttgart, Germany [German] .16

R1b DYS19=13 Haplotype #9

This haplotype appears at low levels throughout Europe, but mostly in Western Europe. It is most

likely indigenous to regions of Celtic settlement.

19 389i 389ii 390 391 392 393 385a 385b 438
13 13 29 24 11 13 13 11 14 12

Geographical Locale

%
France .45
Portugal .37
Belgium .21
Macedonia .20
Sweden .14
Germany .13
Italy .13
United Kingdom .11
Spain .09
Poland .02